lnu.sePublications
12 1 - 50 of 92
rss atomLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
  • Löwgren, Manfred
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Humanitarian Intervention, Democratic Peace, and Just War: How U.S Democrats and Republicans argue for intervention or non-intervention in Syria2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Syrian regime used chemical weapons against its own citizens in 2013, and since then the U.S. has debated whether they should intervene or not. The purpose of this study is to find, analyze and explain the arguments presented by American politicians regarding the intervention in Syria. The study will be a qualitative and abductive desk study, that is done through a text analysis. This study will examine the different arguments from the politicians over the years and explain the arguments over the years through the theoretical lenses used. The theoretical lenses that will be used in thesis study is humanitarian intervention, democratic peace, just war, realism, and liberalism. The findings of this thesis will be arguments that are coming directly from the politicians, by looking into published statements, speeches, press-releases et cetera. This study will look into three selected representatives each from the Republican Party and the Democratic Party. What this study has found is that the representatives from the two parties present rather similar arguments for intervention as well as non-intervention in Syria. They argue that interventions are necessary for humanitarian reasons, as well as for protecting American national security and interests. For non-intervention they argued that the U.S. was not affected by the conflict, and that intervention would drag the U.S. into another war. The theoretical lenses in this study could all somewhat explain the arguments presented by the politicians, and it became clear that the politicians are stuck in the same pattern when it comes to policies on this issue. Thus, the American foreign policies regarding Syria became rather predictable. For future research it is necessary to find if this is true in other western countries, or if it is a phenomonen isolated to the U.S.

  • Svensson, Caroline
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Swedish Language.
    "Oh,my god. det här är det bästa jag sett, typ": En undersökning om kodväxling i podden "Har du sagt A får du säga B"2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna uppsats undersöks kodväxling mellan svenska och engelska i två avsnitt av podden Har du sagt A får du säga B. Syftet är att undersöka kodväxlingens frekvens,funktion, typer och mönster och beskriva dem utifrån tidigare forskning om kodväxling.

    I de två poddavsnitten förekommer totalt 94 exempel på kodväxlingar under totalt 100 minuter. Den vanligaste kodväxlingsfunktionen är den stilistiska eller fria funktionen och den används mest för att markera en samtalstil och en relation till det engelska språket. Detta eftersom det finns motsvarande svenska ord som talarna hade kunnat använda istället. Kodväxlingen i den undersökta podden verkar också fungera som en identitetsmarkör på flera sätt. Den vanligaste typen av kodväxling är ettordsväxlingar där de flesta är anpassade till den svenka syntaxen. Substantiv är den vanligaste ordklassen bland kodväxlingarna men även andra ordklasser förekommer.

  • Söderberg, Hampus
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages.
    Reluctant readers and game literature: An intertextual analysis of World of Warcraft: Chronicle I 2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    World of Warcraft and World of Warcraft: Chronicle I are in this essay analyzed as motivators for reluctant readers. World of Warcraft: Chronicle I is analyzed from small-scale and large-scale intertextual comparison to Greek and Norse mythology. The aim of this essay is to introduce alternative literature outside the literary canon in the EFL classroom in Sweden. The aim is to connect gaming an outside school activity with reading. The analysis is divided into three parts, the first part focuses on the amount of reading that is done while playing a game like World of Warcraft. The second part focuses on intertextuality in the Chronicle to Greek and Norse mythology. Lastly, how the knowledge of intertextuality in the Chronicle can be used to interact with likeminded people by posting on forums in discussed. The goal is to connect gaming and reading to motivate reluctant readers.

  • Ireland, Leah
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Design.
    Weaving Futures, Feminisms in Practice2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor of Fine Arts), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    At the core of this collaborative ‘independent’ project is a growing and shifting community of practitioners: design students, volunteers, professors, farmers, entrepreneurs, local nonhuman species and the soil; each of us performing our various roles together.

    By contextualizing this community within the growth economy: industrialization, globalization and capitalism and more specifically: patriarchy, oppression, and alienation, I aim to explore how, through design, we can perform local accountabilities that critically co-respond to the greater anthropocentric narratives of our time.

    By engaging with autonomous, post-capitalist feminist theories of care, and the queering of normative ways of world-making, I investigate the roles our everyday farm tools play in helping to further explore, ask questions and shape more resilient and convivial practices.

    Through the collaborative processes of workshopping and prototyping, my collaborators and I challenge the normative narrative of the ‘hero’ tool, looking to our everyday choreographies at the farm for those actions and labours that go unnoticed. Through discussion and material exploration we used the makerly practice of weaving as tool for coming together and helping to create a community of care.

  • Björcman, Frida
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Forestry and Wood Technology.
    Drivkrafter, innehåll och upplevelser av aktivism i skogliga konflikter2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Situations and behaviors can create conflicts between people and/or organizations based on a need of resources or a conflict of interest. Using activism in a conflict can be value based and is driven by a person's opinions and norms. The changed forest policy since the seventies has resulted in a greater interest in protecting forests, both from the authorities and from interest groups. The high proportion of privatelyowned forests and the increased interest have created several major conflicts over thepast ten years in Sweden, where the land owner has ended up between interest groups and authorities.The study aims to explain and create an understanding of how different sides reason in forest conflicts with activism, based on content, driving forces and experiences. Data-collection was done through 8 deep interviews. Respondents belonged to a government agency, three forest companies / forest owner associations, two individual forest owners and two nature conservation organizations. Thematic content analysis was performed on the collected material.There were differences in the value base where authorities and landowners did not value the ecological values as important to the same extent as forest companies/forest owner associations and interest groups, which in turn creates a risk of conflicts. About future activism, four respondents considered that it would increase, while three felt that it would decrease and one that it will be like today. In seven out of eight cases, it was an interest organization that initiated the conflict. Authorities, forestry companies / forest owner associations and landowners all considered that the information received from the interest groups was a good basis. A driving force that was identified was the need to assume responsibility, which originates from the driving force. The action in the conflicts was defined by the interest groups as a responsibility, while the parties who had experienced the activism defined the action as a high pressure. The experiences of activism that emerged were described by the landowners as an unpredictability and the interest groups as a vulnerability because of their deviant opinion. Authorities and forestrycompanies/forest owner associations described activism as a reluctance/ignorance. The negative and positive aspects of activism weigh in principle equally for all respondents. Authorities, interest groups and forestry companies/forest owner associations all mentioned a need for system change, as the political short-term and the inertia of the system was emphasized as a problem. From all sides a collaboration was desired, where a factual dialogue must be the basis. One can ask how important the interest organizations are for the development of forestry when the material produces by them is considered good quality? And is it the forest owners who must get run overwhen the policy is short-term? Forestry companies/forest owner associations and authorities report their responsibility towards the citizens and that there were information deficiencies. By improving the dialogue and the information there is an opportunity to find ways to reach each other. This is to get a better overall view of how the different sides reason and what everyone's values are. Based on this, conflicts can hopefully be fewer in the Swedish forests.

  • Sjöström, Jannie
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Eriksson, Clara
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Jämställdhet - en självklarthet! Eller?: En kvalitativ studie om hur förhandling och uppdelning av hushållsarbete sker mellan unga heterosexuella par2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During the course of this study we have been inspired by Carin Holmbergs essay ’It’s Called Love’ (1993). Our purpose with this study has been to examine how gender works among young Swedish heterosexual couples without children. This was done by examining how couples distribute housework among themselves, with certain focus on how class interacts with gender. We asked three questions: 1). How is gender made in relation to expected characteristics of how women and men should be? 2). How is gender made with distribution of household work within the couples? 3). In what way does class play a role in distribution of domestic work?

    Qualitative method was used in order to answer our purpose and questions. We interviewed ten couples, five whom had a university degree and five whom had secondary education. Our theoretical framework consists of the perspective of symbolic interactionism, Yvonne Hirdman's theory of the gender system, asymmetric role-taking and class. The analysis of our empirical material showed that the individuals within the couples attribute themselves and each other with properties that are in line with the traditional gender distribution in society, regardless of which class the couples belong to.

    When it came to all housework activities women were initiators. The distribution of household work took place according to what the men thought was interesting, regardless of class. Class, on the other hand, plays a role in the distribution of domestic work that took place on the basis of what was natural or not. Couples with upper secondary education distribute household work based on what is natural for the sexes in relation to the traditional gender roles, while those with an academic degree carry out household work that is not tied to the traditional gender roles to a greater extent. We found that women's and men's genders contribute to the maintenance and reproduction of the woman as subordinate and the man as superior, which contributes to an uneven distribution of labour in the home where the woman still has the main responsibility for the care work.

  • Buttar, Sarpreet Singh
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of computer science and media technology (CM).
    Applying Artificial Neural Networks to Reduce the Adaptation Space in Self-Adaptive Systems: an exploratory work2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Self-adaptive systems have limited time to adjust their configurations whenever their adaptation goals, i.e., quality requirements, are violated due to some runtime uncertainties. Within the available time, they need to analyze their adaptation space, i.e., a set of configurations, to find the best adaptation option, i.e., configuration, that can achieve their adaptation goals. Existing formal analysis approaches find the best adaptation option by analyzing the entire adaptation space. However, exhaustive analysis requires time and resources and is therefore only efficient when the adaptation space is small. The size of the adaptation space is often in hundreds or thousands, which makes formal analysis approaches inefficient in large-scale self-adaptive systems. In this thesis, we tackle this problem by presenting an online learning approach that enables formal analysis approaches to analyze large adaptation spaces efficiently. The approach integrates with the standard feedback loop and reduces the adaptation space to a subset of adaptation options that are relevant to the current runtime uncertainties. The subset is then analyzed by the formal analysis approaches, which allows them to complete the analysis faster and efficiently within the available time. We evaluate our approach on two different instances of an Internet of Things application. The evaluation shows that our approach dramatically reduces the adaptation space and analysis time without compromising the adaptation goals.

  • Fransén, Agnes
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Svensk dagspress framställning av Greta Thunberg och den globala klimatstrejken.: En kvalitativ innehållsanalys av gestaltningar i dagspressen.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine how the Swedish daily press Dagens Nyheter andSvenska Dagbladet during the period August 2018 until April 2019 portrays the youngactivist Greta Thunberg and the social movement and hashtag #Fridaysforfuture in theirarticles.

    The analysis has been executed through a qualitative content analysis and framing theory.The results of the study is that both news papers portays Greta Thunberg based on twothemes; age and functional limitation. When it comes to the social movements the newspapers portrays it based on two themes; age and incentives. The conclusion of this studyis that Greta Thunberg is portrayed through two perspectives based on the fact that she isa child. One perspective is that she is an independent child who refuses to go to schooland listen to other adult people. The second perspective involves a normative child whois ruled by their parents.

    The analysis results of the study also show that the #Fridaysforfuture movement is mainlyproduced on the basis that the movement consists of children and young people. Theparticipants of the movement are thus portrayed on the basis that they are children andyoung people.

  • Ringdahl, Benjamin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mathematics.
    Gaussian Process Multiclass Classification: Evaluation of Binarization Techniques and Likelihood Functions2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In binary Gaussian process classification the prior class membership probabilities are obtained by transforming a Gaussian process to the unit interval, typically either with the logistic likelihood function or the cumulative Gaussian likelihood function. Multiclass classification problems can be handled by any binary classifier by means of so-called binarization techniques, which reduces the multiclass problem into a number of binary problems. Other than introducing the mathematics behind the theory and methods behind Gaussian process classification, we compare the binarization techniques one-against-all and one-against-one in the context of Gaussian process classification, and we also compare the performance of the logistic likelihood and the cumulative Gaussian likelihood. This is done by means of two experiments: one general experiment where the methods are tested on several publicly available datasets, and one more specific experiment where the methods are compared with respect to class imbalance and class overlap on several artificially generated datasets. The results indicate that there is no significant difference in the choices of binarization technique and likelihood function for typical datasets, although the one-against-one technique showed slightly more consistent performance. However the second experiment revealed some differences in how the methods react to varying degrees of class imbalance and class overlap. Most notably the logistic likelihood was a dominant factor and the one-against-one technique performed better than one-against-all.

  • Rosenkvist, Simon
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of computer science and media technology (CM).
    Troféer och erfarenhets-mätare: Hur dessa påverkar prestation och engagemang hos ungdomar inom programmering med scratch2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    En studie utfördes på högstadieelever för att mäta hur en implementering av gamification-elementen erfarenhetsmätare och troféer i en scratch-baserad applikation påverkade deras engagemang och prestation.

    De två användartest-grupperna för kontroll- och test-versionen visar på att implementationen av dessa gamification-element har en markant positiv effekt på både engagemang och prestation.

  • Sahlin, Sara
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Biology and Environmental Science.
    The next-generation of aquatic effect-based monitoring?: A critical review about the application,challenges and barriers with omics in field2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Traditional water monitoring encounter limitations due to the large number of contaminants present in our waters possible giving raise to mixture effects. This thesis aimed to investigate how the emerging omics approaches (transcriptomics, proteomics and metabolomics) can be used as an effect-based monitoring approach to assess and predict adverse effects in the freshwater environment. Moreover, this thesis analysed challenges and barrier with omics. A systematic literature search was conducted using Scopus and Web of Science to find case-studies using omics in field studies and reviews regarding challenges and barriers. The results in this thesis suggest that the use of fish species (either collected in the wild or in situ set-ups), transcriptomics and investigations of WWTP recipient was the most common way to apply omics. In order to interpret omics-data multiple studies conducted chemical monitoring in conjunction, investigated additional traditional biomarkers and/or used omics to identify altered biological or functional pathways that possible could lead to adverse effects at higher levels. According to the challenges and barriers identified in this thesis, the future of omics in environmental monitoring rely on the possibility to characterise and quantify natural variability, define appropriate critical effect sizes (i.e. thresholds of critical effects) and define baseline data. Moreover, it is necessary to develop frameworks and standardisations for omics-approaches (e.g. study-designs) to promote the interpretation of the results. Future research is also needed to develop and increase the understanding of how the proteomics and metabolomics can be applied. By improving the use of omics a more holistic water monitoring can be achieved including screenings for biological responses and the ability to detect early warnings which will enhance the prioritisation and site management of polluted water bodies, including those with limited prior knowledge regarding potential contaminants.

  • Lindén, Matilda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Chemistry and Biomedical Sciences.
    Potentiellt cancerpreventiva effekter av Sulforafan: En litteraturstudie2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sulforaphane is an isothiocyanate that is described as having chemopreventative effects. The phytochemical is made available to humans by dietary consumption of cruciferous vegetables such as broccoli and kale. Cancer is a common disease, and in Sweden it is estimated that one in three will be diagnosed with cancer during their lifetime. This review study aims to summarize the effect of sulforaphane on human colon cancer cells, and seek evidence that consumption of cruciferous vegetables reduces the risk of developing colon cancer. Sulforaphane is considered chemopreventative in vitro through inhibition of histone deacetylas activity, induction of cell cycle arrest and apoptosis and through reduction of cell proliferation. It has also been shown to reduces expression of genes involved in angiogenesis.There is not enough evidence to confirm that dietary broccoli consumption, through its high content of sulforaphane, would be chemopreventative.

  • Palmborg, Alma
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Svensson, Therese
    Sjuksköterskans erfarenhet av omvårdnadssituationen då patienten har en annan kulturell bakgund.: En litteratursturie2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Larsson, Sara
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Design.
    Speculative futures of sustainable communities: Utilizing the resources of collective living to speculate sustainable futures.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor of Fine Arts), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose with this report is to speculate how our neighborhoods could look like in the future, looking at modern collective living due to the housing crisis is Sweden today. This paper will look att different forms of collective housing, to challenge the conventional way of living. Connecting sustainability to the act of sharing space and resources, in creating a collaborative lifestyle.

    The research methods used in this speculative project looks at three case studies of collective housing to analyse and define different levels of sharing. During the design process one intervention was executed to challenging the norm of ownership, questioning what the act of sharing demands.

    The goal of this project is to change assumptions of collective living by rethinking space. To create an interlaced community, with hopes of becoming more resilient. The research and its findings worked along- side the report and developed into a zine. The zine was made with key insights from the study, as a tool to communicate the design proposal and can easily be distributed to the Swedish population.

  • Persson, Sanna
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Pettersson, Jerry
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    The connection between household savings ratio and human development index: Which factors affect the household savings ratio?2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis investigates which factors affecting savings behavior by using a fixed effect regression model. To see what affects the household savings rate the following independent variables is considered: Natural logarithm of trend per capita income, natural logarithm of deviation from trend per capita income, growth of disposable income, real interest rate, inflation, wealth in relation to household disposable income, foreign savings in relation to disposable income, dependency ratio and human development index. To see whether changes of human development within a county impacts the household´s savings ratio this variables was included in a separate regression. To avoid possible biasedness from ordinary least square, a panel data technique called fixed effect regression model is used. The investigated time period is between year 1999 and 2016 and to make a restriction, variables from 25 developed countries were studied. The involved economic theories in this work are Keynesianism, permanent income hypothesis and the savings theory behind Maslow´s behavioral pyramid. The result made by using this study is that growth in income and foreign savings in relation to disposable income is insignificant and can´t be used in explaining the differences between household´s savings. Human development index within a country has a negative effect on the savings ratio but a conclusion regarding whether changes in HDI´s does affect savings can´t be made and more research within that field is needed.

  • Aggerstam, Madeleine
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature.
    Jordens poesi: Biophilia-hypotesen som ekokritisk läsning av Wordsworth, Coleridge och Keats2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Phillips, Carla
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Design.
    Así, Así: Investigating the complexity of identity through the example of a micro-narrative2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor of Fine Arts), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates the complextity of identity through the example of a micro-narrative. It zooms in on the relationship between a 24-year-old girl from South Africa and her 86-year-old great aunt from Spain. The investigation focuses on hands – tools with which we carry out our day-to-day practices. The hands are used as a metaphor to represent our connection with the material world – the way in which interact with each other and our surroundings. How do we navigate familiar and unfamiliar places? The outcome is visualised through an audio-visual installation.

  • Johansson, Jacob
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Månsson, Oskar
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Vart är vi på väg?: En studie om bolagiseringen av svenska elitfotbollsklubbar på herrsidan2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie har varit att undersöka kommersialiseringen av svensk elitfotboll på herrsidan. Mer precist har det handlat om att belysa hur inhemska elitföreningar ser på och upplever bolagiseringen av föreningens verksamhet. För att besvara studiens frågeställningar har en kvalitativ forskningsmetod med semistrukturerade intervjuer tillämpats vid insamling av data. Respondenterna utgör elitföreningar inom svensk fotboll som både bedriver bolagiserade (IdrottsAB) och icke bolagiserade verksamheter. Studien har undersökt fem fotbollsföreningar från Allsvenskan och en fotbollsförening från Superettan. 

     

    I studien har teoretiska perspektiv som institutionell teori och globalisering varit tongivande och applicerats för att tolka resultatet i analysen och diskussionen. Resultatet från respondenterna har givit en tydligare bild om motivation som ligger bakom beslutet om att omvandla elitverksamheten till IdrottsAB och vad det medför till utveckling. Studien påvisar att det finns ett distinkt samband som berör syftet med bolagisering, men det finns en viss skildring inom förändringsarbetet med tanke på föreningarnas historia, organisationsstruktur och resursanvändning. Studien har även identifierat varför elitföreningar inom svensk fotboll inte väljer att bolagisera verksamheten utan beslutar att förbli en ideellt allmännyttig förening. Trots kommersialiseringens utveckling lever svensk elitfotboll vidare i konceptet om en folkrörelse med fokus på konservativa värderingar och medlemmarnas intresse. Förhoppningarna med den här studien är att öppna intresset för kommersialiserings utveckling och ge en ökad förståelse kring bolagisering och de effekter samt möjligheter som det medför.

  • Gustafsson, Emily
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Nilsson, Evelina
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Din resa börjar här: En kvalitativ studie om varumärken och dess kommunikation inom resebranschen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis, focusing on the travel arrangers, is to find and analyse what characterizes brands. Furthermore, the intention is to explain travel arrangers communication towards customers. We have posed these following three research questions:

    • What characterizes brand identities and messages?

    • What space and which role is given to brands in both traditional and digital channels?

    • What defines the personnels and the customers roles during a trip?

  • Hjertquist, Julia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Swedish Language.
    Djurrättsorganisationers argumentation: En jämförande analys av argumentationsstrategier i texter från två djurrättsorganisationer2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att undersöka två svenska djurrättsorganisationers argumentation mot konsumtion av animaliska produkter. Materialet utgörs av 6 texter från Djurens Rätt och Djurrättsalliansen. Texterna handlar om tre olika djurslag: grisar, kycklingar och fiskar. Frågor som ställs är vilka språkliga argumentationsstrategier organisationerna använder sig av, vilka likheter och skillnader som finns i deras argumentation och om argumentationen skiljer sig åt beroende på vilka djur texterna handlar om. Argumentationsteori efter bland andra Björnsson m.fl. (2009) används som teoretiskt och metodiskt ramverk för studien. Analysen fokuserar på 5 språkliga strategier som används för att legitimera varför animalisk konsumtion ses som fel: orsaks- och konsekvensargument, exempelargument, auktoritetsargument, analogiargument och regelargument. Resultatet visar att det finns både likheter och skillnader i de båda organisationernas sätt att språkligt argumentera mot konsumtion av animaliska produkter. En likhet mellan organisationerna är att ingen av dem explicit skriver ut att det är fel att konsumera djur; denna övergripande tes tas för givet. Djurens Rätt använder främst exempelargument för att legitimera varför det är fel att konsumera djur, medan Djurrättsalliansen i högre utsträckning använder sig av analogiargument, exempelvis jämförelser mellan djur och människor. Det märks också skillnad i hur argumentationen utformas beroende på vilka djurarter texterna handlar om, exempelvis innehåller båda organisationernas texter om fiskar färre känsloladdade analogiargument än texterna om landlevande djur som grisar och kycklingar.

  • Hasselbom Alderborg, Lisa
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Jakobsson, Cornelia
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Det digitala pappret: En kvalitativ studie om praktikers hantering och lagring av verifikationer2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Inledning: År 2013 var 98 procent av all information digitalt lagrad. Idag är arbetsprocessen för redovisning mer och mer digital. Lagstiftningen kring redovisning är utformad som en ramlag och öppen för tolkning. Eftersom lagstiftningen är 20 år gammal och företag kan idag ha nya förutsättningar som e-faktura och digitala bokföringssystem råder det en osäkerhet hur Bokföringslagen ska tolkas.

     

    Syfte: Syftet med vår uppsats är att ge en aktuell bild av hur företag praktiskt hanterar verifikationer och vilken betydelse det kan ha för bevisvärdet om det är original eller kopia. Förväntningarna på uppsatsen är att det ska leda till mer klarhet i lagringen av dokument för de som arbetar med redovisningen

     

    Metod: Vi har genomfört en kvalitativ studie där vi har intervjuat 5 personer som på något sätt kommer i kontakt med verifikationer. De personerna vi intervjuade är konfidentiella och vi valde därför att benämna de till deras yrkesroller. 

    Resultat: Resultatet visar att praktiker sparar sina verifikationer i samma format som de kommer till företaget. De flesta praktiker ser en fördel och effektivisering i att använda sig av digitalt lagrade verifikationer. Däremot tvingar lagstiftningen att pappersfakturor måste sparas i sju år. Det är framförallt med en extern part som ett original blir mer betydelsefullt.

  • Andersson, Aurora
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Åsenlund, Linnea
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    The marketplace of tomorrow: En kvalitativ fallstudie om The Lobby Stockholm2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Lobby

    The Lobby is a marketplace, created by AMF Fastigheter with the purpose of finding new alternatives for the future of the retail industry. The marketplace is a physical retail platform where the pop-up concept, experience based marketplace and events will be used to attract customers and brands to The Lobby.

    Purpose and research questions

    This case study about The Lobby aims to investigate the primary factors which are required to create an experience based marketplace where the pop-up concept is central. Furthermore what purpose this kind of marketplace will hold in the future. Based on the purpose, the following research questions were formed:

    What are the main factors while developing a marketplace like The Lobby? 

    What role can this type of marketplace have in the future?

    Method

    This study is based on a qualitative case study on The Lobby in Stockholm, Sweden. The study has a deductive approach, with some elements of inductive approach. The empirical data consist of eight semi structured interviews and two observations. All the respondents has a connection to The Lobby.

    Theory

    The theoretical references used for this study are shopping mall, pop-up store and experience based marketplace. The theory of shopping mall will be studied as a marketplace where stakeholders are cooperating in one place. The theory will also describe the pop-up stores pros and cons and also the role of the experience based marketplace in the retail industry.

    Conclusion

    If a marketplace like The Lobby, where customers, retailers and partners have the opportunity to try new things, will continue to play a central role in the future, remains to be seen. One thing that can be said, however, is that the advantages of the temporary store are increasing.

  • Crljen, Tonka
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Design.
    Hacking the loop: How to encourage consumers to upcycle their clothes in order to reduce consumer fashion waste and lessen the environmental impact of fast fashion?2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor of Fine Arts), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The core of the project lies in upcycling. From the start of the research, I wanted to find new creative ways of upcycling garments and textiles.However, upcycling is a part of a greater whole which deals with addressing the problem of fashion waste. It gives new value to the clothes and prolongs the life span of the clothes. It is a craftivism act since it plugs into an existing system and shapes it towards a more sustainable direction.

    Thus this project wanted to take a larger approach and include consumers into the process. The purpose of the project was to explore one of the ways to encourage consumers to upcycle their clothes. This was done through an upcycling workshop. In the upcycling workshop, the consumer visualized the way they want their clothes to be upcycled. Their garments were then upcycled using DIY methods such as stitching, patching, and painting. The process was recorded in details. The whole process was then translated into a craftivist zine. The zine demonstrates how to do your own upcycling workshop and how to upcycle three garments. The upcycling workshop and the zine want to encourage the consumer to upcycle by giving them the necessary skills to do so.

  • Wiethüchter, Johanna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Design.
    Books vs. Technology: An exploratory study of the influence they have on children's development2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With the rise of popularity of technological devices, less children engage in reading books. This paper investigates the influence of technology on young children and points out the advantages and disadvantages of being in contact with digital media on a regular basis. In contrast to that, this project reveals benefits that come from reading and being read to in early childhood. Through designerly research in forms of collaboration and a cultural probe, the essence of children’s books is getting ex- plored. Furthermore, the importance of illustration in combination to text in picture book is being discussed. By exploring the practice of creating an own illustrated children’s book, I evaluate assumptions and findings of my research. 

  • Masso, Mimra
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Olander, Matilda Sofie
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Galloping to markets far away: A multi-case study on Stockholm based tech start-ups internationalisation, including barriers and drivers influencing the process. 2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Firm internationalisation has been a broadly examined subject, which has generated various established theories. Previous business activities are described as structured, incremental and predictable, which has enabled the development of frameworks that describe how the business internationalisation is conducted. Today’s technological advances, globalisation and changes in demographics are contemporary environmental forces of change, and the Swedish tech industry is growing in a steady phase. The tech start-ups internationalise rapidly and from an early age but in various ways, and therefore, reflecting diverse internationalisation theories to different extents. The wave of tech start-up is increasing and are seemingly operating in an unconventional manner and contradicts well-known theories, leaving scholars in the search for profound understanding about this phenomenon. Consequently, lack of previous research based on tech start-ups internationalisation processes has provided motivation for this study, with the intention to provide knowledge to companies and contribute with new theory angles to the existing literature.

    The purpose with this study was to fill the research gap on tech start-up internationalisation by investigating and analyse how the Stockholm-based tech start-ups internationalise, what barriers and drivers they have encountered while pursuing the expansion as well as, how these have affected the internationalisation. The literature review emphasises on internationalisation theories as well as, barriers and drivers of the internationalisation process and is summarised with a conceptual framework. The study was conducted through a qualitative case study including four companies of, which all four had established international operations and therefore, generated insightful information about the subject. Moreover, interviews with founders and CEOs of the companies were conducted through semi-structured approach, which including questions related to their internationalisation process and the barriers and drivers. The empirical data was thereafter organised and paralleled with previous theories as well as, with the authors' considerations. Finally, the conclusion highlight answers to the research questions and provide theoretical and practical implications, as well as suggestions for further research.

  • Girerd-Barclay, Nicolas
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Design.
    Just Build It2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor of Fine Arts), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Thesis Project aimed to cultivate understanding about the interrelationships between humans and materials in the context of consumerism, sustainability, and time, through helping people learn about woodworking materials and tools,  develop a more profound respect for them, and understand how one interacts with them. Incorporating repair culture and material education into a collaborative service design, the author reflected on his sustainability as a woodworker to enable others to connect with materials and tools in a meaningful way. The Project followed a nonlinear process, allowing the author to move back and forth to reflect, refine and progress from idea to form, and back to idea, while respecting his tangible need for medium and method. By researching scores of different woodworking tools found in an antique tool box received as a gift, the author defined their purpose in woodcraft and their connection with people they served and society as a whole. Inspirations for the Project consisted of woodworking, time, and social, environmental and economic stability, in addition to various types of design: service, collaborative, circular, and critical. Four different processes – prototyping, service blueprint, advertising and service experiences – were employed to respond to the research question. Key results included the provision of over 20 services to 15 individuals through a simple design process. By helping people to fix their objects in an ongoing conversation about sustainability with regard to material use and consumption, tools and practices were used effectively to change interrelationships between people and materials. Through the services and ‘hands-on conversations’, many began to understand and appreciate the possibilities of tools to revitalize old furniture and increase their value. Some people used tools themselves to resolve their problems, with all participants showing appreciation for the services, while expressing commitment to use, rather than discard, the objects. A few of the thousands contacted through social media, responded to calls for assistance, with the Project concluding that the process has potential, but without a business model, it would be difficult to sustain. Questions regarding the future included: What type of business could harness opportunities, offering viable employment? How many would need to be involved? How great is the demand for services? Which policies or regulations must be in place for a successful practice? The author was cognizant of the need for additional skills and knowledge to pursue the challenge of operationalizing the services provided through a sustainable livelihood.

  • Agnes, Asker
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Design.
    a blob, a snap: A materialized revolt against the patriarchal structure, against everything women are being told to endure2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a personal project about a fed-up woman who sits down on the chair by the pottery wheel simply because she craves it. It is about conducting a non-result oriented design process. A process where the making, the closeness between the mind and hand, is both the research and mediation. It is a project that acknowledges the potential care has in relation to design, while it's dealing with the controversial aspects of a woman caring for herself. The project is a snap, a feminist snap, represented and materialized through the objects of clay. Where a collapsed bowl, a blob, becomes a materialized revolt against everything women are being told to endure. It is a project that brings design and poetry together. Aiming to explore how objects can gain agency and be in dialogue with society. How objects can materialize both the resistance against, and the result of, the patriarchal structure.