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  • Bengtsson, Louise
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mathematics.
    Waldo, Andreas
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mathematics.
    Hur elever med fallenhet i matematik upplever matematikundervisning.: ”Det viktigaste med elever som har lätt i matematik är att de ska få något svårt att bita i!”2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka hur sex elever med fallenhet i matematik upplever sin matematikundervisning. I grundskolans läroplan står det att varje elev ska utvecklas efter sina förutsättningar. Detta gäller oavsett om det är elever i svårigheter eller elever med fallenhet i matematik. I litteraturbakgrunden redogörs det för begrepp som begåvning, fallenhet och särbegåvning. I denna studie bedöms dessa begrepp som likvärdiga. I studien kommer nio förmågor hos elever med fallenhet i matematik att lyftas fram, utifrån Krutetskiis teori. Studien handlar om elever med fallenhet i matematik och att deras förmågor bör tas tillvara på. Elever med fallenhet i matematik besitter olika förmågor som gör att de kan lösa uppgifter mer effektivt jämfört med andra elever. I teoriavsnittet presenteras Vygotskijs sociokulturella perspektiv och utifrån det beskrivs även centrala begrepp, medierande redskap och artefakter, till denna studie. Med hjälp av semistrukturerade intervjuer med elever har data samlats in. Frågeställningarna vi valt har fokus på att lyfta fram vilken matematikundervisning elever med fallenhet uppskattar, hur de karaktäriserar den undervisning som främjar deras lärande i matematik bäst och hur de ser på sina egna matematikkunskaper. För att kort sammanfatta resultatet har det framkommit att elever med fallenhet i matematik önskar få komplicerade uppgifter som är utmanande för att utvecklas, enligt de intervjuade eleverna i denna studie. 

  • Larsson, Anna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages.
    Personal Growth through Literature: A Case Study of Using Letters From the Inside in Teaching for Swedish Lower Secondary School2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis investigates ways in which literature, in this case the novel Letters From the Inside, can be used in teaching English and how it can support personal growth. The teaching is undertaken in the context of reader response, which basically means that readers use their previous knowledge to interact with texts. Langer’s envisionments and Chambers’ Tell me-approach serve as the theoretical framework; both are related to each other and to personal growth. The selection of books is discussed and the importance of choosing a book that is relevant for the pupils is pointed out, as well as the obvious statement that motivation rises when the chosen novel is appreciated by the reader who has affinity with the characters. Conclusions drawn are that personal growth is a wide concept, for which interaction is important, since it may increase the understanding of others. A tolerant and safe classroom environment is necessary, especially if you want pupils to discuss personal and perhaps, subjects that are sensitive to them.

  • Helming Gustavsson, Maria
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature.
    Bedömning av texttolkning: En studie i hur lärare bedömer elevers förmåga att tolka budskap i text2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study, based on interviews with seven teachers of Swedish, investigates how they define the concept of text interpretation and how they assess pupils’ ability to interpret text. The results show that the teachers define text interpretation as an ability to perceive hidden messages in text and an ability that is closely connected to reading comprehension. This description agrees with the way text interpretation is explained in previous research but not with the description in the curriculum. This is a defect, since teachers ought to know what they are supposed to assess, based on the steering documents they are expected to follow in their professional practice. Here, however, the teachers’ assessment skills are shown to be an asset.

    When teaching literature the teachers say that they normally use dialogue and written assignments in which pupils reason on the basis of the content of the text and their personal experience. The forms of assessment are summative and formal, although it seems difficult to use fixed answer templates for reasoning in contexts like this where it is not clear what can be said to be right or wrong. Summative assessment, however, seems more reliable and credible than formative assessment. A picture thus emerges of the difficulty of assessing text interpretation which is simultaneously multivalent and reliable.

  • Jonathan, Hansen
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Swedish Language.
    Differensen: Gymnasielärares syn på och användning av nationella prov som betygsunderlag i svenskämnet2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to contribute to greater knowledge of the basis on which teachers award grades and how they view the national test. Five upper secondary school teachers of Swedish were asked in semi-structured interviews to say what significance they ascribe to the national test in general, what reasons they can see to explain why the course grade differs from the test grade, how they reasoned when they awarded a course grade that differed from the grade on the national test, and how they view a strengthened and clearer relationship between national tests and course grades in order to increase equivalence in Swedish schools. The material was then analysed with a method inspired by phenomenology.

    The study shows that there is no agreement in the outlook on the national test. One of the teachers does not think that the national test is more important than other tests, three think that it is more important, and one uses the national test chiefly to confirm previous results. There are three reasons why the course grade can differ from the national test grade: (1) the design of the test, (2) that the test result does not reflect the pupil’s knowledge and skills, and (3) that the teacher deliberately awards a wrong grade. The teachers was to see greater equivalence. Some think that a clearer and stronger relationship between national tests and course grades is not the right way to go, while others are in favour of the suggestion. Regardless of their opinion, however, most of the teachers wonder how it will be possible in practice to link the test grade to the course grade.

  • Jonsson, Martin
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Jönsson, Anton
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Smak för motion, avsmak för föreningsidrott: En kvalitativ studie med utgångspunkt i Bourdieus habitusbegrepp2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to examine how students, who are not active in a competitive sport in their spare time, experience how the physical education contributes to their approach to physical exercise. To be able to study this, Pierre Bourdieu made a basis to visualise the factors considering their approach to physical exercise in school and in their spare time. The study shows a tendency of students being more individual in their approach, and wishes that their education should be more adapted to their needs. Bourdieu’s thoughts about habitus, capital and taste takes expression during the interviews. Even though the respondents are not active in any competitive sports, they still tend to enjoy the physical education in school and most of them receive enjoyment in physical exercise in their spare time. 

  • Persson, Maximilian
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Ladan, Andrej
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Jaskic, Mirza
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    En modell för reducering av stopptidergenom analysering av nyckeltal: En fallstudie på Ardagh Glass2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien har som syfte att utveckla en teoretisk modell som ska bidra till en identifiering avekonomiska förluster i form av stopptid, samt finna förbättringsåtgärder åt de identifieradeproblemorsakerna. En modell utvecklades från den teoretiska REP-metoden, som grundar sigpå fyra olika faser. För att författarna skulle kunna lyckas med studien krävdes detmodifikationer på REP-metoden. Den teoretiska modellen utvecklades med positiva resultat,då förbättringsåtgärder för fallföretagets problem kunde identifieras.

  • Thellman, Lisa
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    Johansson, Julia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    Att navigera i djungeln av kommunikationskanaler: En kvalitativ studie om hur avdelningschefer använder och resonerar kring kommunikationskanaler2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Framväxten av elektroniska kommunikativa möjligheter har skapat en djungel av kommunikationskanaler. Att välja den mest lämpade kanalen är viktigt för att informationsspridningen inom organisationer ska lyckas. Studiens problemområde behandlar hur mellanchefer ska lyckas navigera bland denna mångfald. Studiens syfte och frågeställningar innefattar hur mellanchefer resonerar kring mångfalden av kommunikationskanaler, hur de orienterar sig och väljer att använda dem. För att besvara syfte och frågeställningar har fem avdelningschefer på ett landsting intervjuats. Deras svar har analyserat med hjälp av tematisk analysmetod. Resultatet visade att avdelningschefer anpassar sitt val av kommunikationskanal efter budskap och mottagare. De faktorer som främst avgör avdelningschefens val är tid och informationens känslighet. Studien visar att det krävs struktur och kunskap för att avdelningscheferna ska kunna navigera sig bland kommuniationkanaler och använda dem på ett lämpligt sätt. Även kulturella skillnader påverkar avdelningschefens val. 

  • Allgren, Ann-Charlotte
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    Likvärdig utbildning?: Skolpersonals syn på möjligheter och hinder i skolmiljön för elever med autism i grundskolan.2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med det här examensarbetet är att belysa hur grundskolans personal enligt nu gällande skollag (2010:800) uppfattar att de kan erbjuda elever med autism en likvärdig utbildning. Jag har undersökt personalens syn på elevernas behov samt vilka möjligheter och hinder de ser för att erbjuda en adekvat undervisning som eleverna är i behov av. För att undersöka syftet har jag gjort en kvalitativ undersökning med hermeneutisk ansats samt använt mig av intervjuer som datainsamlingsmetod. Jag har intervjuat personal som arbetar med elever med autism i en grundskola i en kommun i södra Sverige. I och med den gällande skollagen (2010:800) har barn med autism utan diagnostiserad utvecklingsstörning inte rätt att bli mottagna i särskolan, vilket var möjligt tidigare. Det innebär att de här eleverna idag tillhör grundskolan och läser utifrån grundskolans styrdokument. Den teoretiska ramen jag har använt mig av för att analyser mina resultat är Bronfenbrenners (1979) utvecklingsekologiska system och dessutom har jag använt mig av Wings (2012) symtomtriad för att förklara pedagogernas uppfattning av elevernas behov. Jag har kommit fram till att personalen uppfattar att elever med autism har behov av trygghet, tydlighet, flexibilitet, hjälp att tolka samt förutsägbarhet för att förstå sin omvärld. Personalen uppger att de har stora möjligheter att anpassa verksamheten för att eleverna ska få en likvärdig utbildning. Det som däremot ses som hinder är tiden, läroplanen, bristande kompetens och sociala sammanhang. Det här ställer stora krav på kunskaper hos grundskolepersonalen idag vilket både min studie och litteraturen pekar på

  • Harrysson, Viktor
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    The Right to Vote: En undersökning av rösträttsmarschen från Selma till Montgomery2017Student paper other, 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to study voting marches from Selma to Montgomery during the Civil Right Movement in the US South during the mid 60’s. Who took part in the marches, why did the African-American people feel the need for a voting reform, how did they plan the marches and did it go as planned are questions that we want answers to. This paper uses sources and documents from the web, books and firsthand accounts of the marches. Through these sources we find how the demonstrators acted and felt. We also find out how the US federal and local government acted. The findings are interesting but maybe not chocking. The American South was a place fused with racism where the white government did not want the blacks to be able to vote. This was because of if they could vote they would have more to say about laws and who controlled what. The Selma to Montgomery voting march is just one small piece of the Civil Rights Movement but looking at it today it had a huge impact on the US society.. With the new voting act that passed in 1965 the number of African-American that managed to register to vote increased remarkably. This paper also discuss the use of the Civil Rights Movement in the Swedish classroom and how teachers can use different types of assignments that are developed for the Swedish classroom and the Swedish curriculum.

  • Wiederholm, Louise
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Syskonplacering och extroversion/introversion2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Troedsson, Julia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Mobila intensivvårdsgruppers påverkan inom sjukvården: en litteraturstudie2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Nilsson, Patricia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Meyer, Caroline
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Att leva eller överleva: En studie om åsikter kring riksnormens täckning bland skribenter på internetforumet Flashback2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study involves a survey of the writers’ opinions on the internet forum Flashback about the national norms coverage. The study also contains the internet forum writers proposed action strategies for supply when living on the national norm. Thereby this study is aiming to visualize the living situation when living on the national standards. Previous research shows how the national norm does not seem to live up to a reasonable standard of living as well as the national norm has not evolved with changes in society.  Further the previous research shows how difficult it can be to live on a narrow economy which connects to one of the study’s questions about coping strategies. There are shortcomings in previous research on the study’s topic since previous research focuses little on people’s opinions. Accordingly the authors’ whishes to highlight the writers’ opinions on the internet forum Flashback through a quantitative study content analysis. This study has chosen to analyze the data and the results using Bourdieu´s theories about the social room, field, habitus and the forms of capital. These theories are intended to be useful in interpreting the study’s results. The result shows that the writers believe that the national norm is to narrow and does not fulfill all the needs entries. Despite this result the writers believe it is possible to achieve a reasonable standard of living when living on welfare benefits. These results can be contradictory and therefore interesting which is why the authors question how these views emerged. The contradictory results create an additional finding which is that the writers on the internet forum may not have understood how it is meant to live on the national norm.

  • Rosenqvist, Johanna
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Music and Art.
    Suneson, Ellen
    Lund University.
    Konst och subjektskapande: Neurodegenerativa nedsättningar och dialogbaserad konstpedagogik2016In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 93, no 3, 288-296 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since 2007 a number of art- and research projects have been implemented where people who suffer from neurodegenerative impairments have participated in conversations about art. Previous research on these projects has mainly been focused on the physical and mental effects the art tours have had on the participants, based on interviews, surveys and questionnaires. In this text we choose to explore a different aspect of the art tours where we discuss how dialogue-based art education makes the connection between aesthetic experiences and subjecthood visible.

  • Ripén, Caroline
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Avhopparnas attityder kring sitt forna religiösa engagemang: En studie av faktorer som bidrar till personers religiösa inträde och avhopp2017Student paper other, 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to explore the differences in defectors former religious lives. The literature is rich in references topeople from secular societies being fascinated by religions that are individualistic in nature and hence allowpeople freedom of choice in regards to their beliefs. However, we rarely hear about people who have left this new age belief environment or other religious environments. The study specifically focuses on the defectors, who have left a religious organization or have chosen to leave their religious belief. This study seeks to discover why defectors first came to believe and what got them to leave the religious arena. What happened to their faith, and what caused them to leave their former religion? This is what this study is attempting to shed more light on. The findings indicate that close group-relationships can be vital to one's person and create both positive and negative experiences. The social connections with other people is vital to not create a feeling of alienation and emptiness, leading to loss of meaning in life. Peter L Berger and other sociologists have stressed that religion is meaningful to people, that every society has religion, and that people need religious consolation to face difficult existential questions.

  • Sannestam, Anton
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Kronans unga gossar: Minderåriga befäl i Sveriges armé och flotta 17552017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this essay is to investigate the underage officers in the Swedish army and navy in the year 1755. Their distribution across different regiments, individual parts of the army and across different geographical parts of Sweden will thusly be examined. Furthermore, the aim of this essay is also to dissect the degree of noble blood exhibited by the aforementioned underage officers, as well as exploring their circumstances and careers in an effort to present a clearer picture of who the underage officers were.     To accomplish this, data is gathered from an essentially complete collection of rudimentary data on all the officers in service of the Swedish armed forces in 1755. Information regarding their noble birth and future careers will be gathered from Gustaf Elgenstiernas Den introducerade adelns ättartaflor and the website Adelsvapen-wiki.     The results demonstrate that the navy and cavalry boasted the highest percentages of underage officers, as well as a potential connection between size of overall population and percentage of aforementioned officers. Furthermore, the study shows that a large majority of underage officers were noble, as well as indicating the hereditary nature of the profession of military commander at the time.

  • Marttala, Amanda
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Ahlstedt, Nicolina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    "Kungens pojkar": En kvalitativ studie om hur poliser kan legitimera kollegors anmälningsbara gärningar2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to explain the demarcations regarding which crimes that are seen as “acceptable” to commit as an police officer, and those who categorizes as “not acceptable”. The study is based on a qualitative, narrative method of semi-structured interviews. Antecedent research shows the strong subculture in the police force and the approach of seeing the police profession as a lifestyle. This study uses Erving Goffmans dramaturgic perspective on society by applying “Team”, “Front Stage and “Back Stage” to explain why the demarcations is the way it is. By studying “Front Stage” as police officers in front of the public and “Back Stage” as a closed space for the police officers, the essay intends to see how police officers, seen as a team, deal with wrongful acts made by an police officer. By using an constructed sorting model the study separated the data from ten interviewed police officers by categorizing into ways of legitimizing crimes commited by an police officer. The study aims to show understanding in why unethic and unlegal deeds by police officers are not reported, and therefore legitimized by the subculture. The conclusion of this essay is that there are two ways to legitimize wrongful acts of police officers. These two ways are by the norms “Us versus them” and the silence code. We created two concepts in combination with the use of the theories of Goffman. This paper will show how the two concepts, ”team offset” and ”team censoring”, can legitimize crimes as a part of the subculture. To be able to legitimize a wrongful act, the police officer needs to use his team. If the team can not legitimize the crime, it categorizes as “not acceptable”.

  • Hillertz, Jacob
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Johansson, Niklas
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Den Traditonella Socialiseringen: En studie om traditioner inom socialiseringsprocessen2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att analysera tre musikbolag och hur dessa bolag använder sig av socialiseringsprocessen för att anpassa nyanställda till organisationen. En del av socialiseringsprocessen som vi fokuserar på i arbetet är traditioner. Hur traditioner inom en organisationen är ett sätt att lära anställda om organisationen. För att besvara detta har vi i studien utgått från en kvalitativ forskningsmetod och har genomfört tre intervjuer med personer som har varit eller är verksamma inom olika musikbolag. I studien har vi kommit fram till vissa traditioner som är viktiga inom de olika organisationerna och även kommit fram till en koppling mellan socialiseringsprocessen och traditioner. 

  • Kans, Mirka
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Galar, Diego
    Luleå University of Technology.
    The Impact of Maintenance 4.0 and Big Data Analytics within Strategic Asset Management2017In: MPMM 2016, Maintenance, Performance, Measurement & Management: conference proceedings / [ed] Diego Galar, Dammika Seneviratne, Luleå: Luleå University of Technology, 2017, 96-103 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The latest industrial revolution is manifested by smart and networking equipment. Realizing the full value of these machineries, and other business assets, has become increasingly important. Strategic asset management faces managerial, technical as well as methodological challenges, of which some could be reduced or overcome by applying technological solutions such as Internet of things, cloud computing, cyber-physical systems and big data analytics. This paper outlines the impact of the emerging technologies in the area of strategic management with special emphasis on the analytics as service provider for the maintenance functions.

  • Metso, Lasse
    et al.
    Lappeenranta University of Technology .
    Kans, Mirka
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    An ecosystem perspective on asset management information2017In: MPMM 2016, Maintenance, Performance, Measurement & Management: conference proceedings / [ed] Diego Galar, Dammika Seneviratne, Luleå: Luleå University of Technology, 2017, 69-75 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Big Data and Internet of Things will increase the amount of data on asset management exceedingly. Data sharing with an increased number of partners in the area of asset management is important when developing business opportunities and new ecosystems. An asset management ecosystem is a complex set of relationships between parties taking part in asset management actions. In this paper, the current barriers and benefits of data sharing are identified based on the results of an interview study. The main benefits are transparency, access to data and reuse of data. New services can be created by taking advantage of data sharing. The main barriers to sharing data are an unclear view of the data sharing process and difficulties to recognize the benefits of data sharing. For overcoming the barriers in data sharing, this paper applies the ecosystem perspective on asset management information. The approach is explained by using the Swedish railway industry as an example.

  • Jensen, Amanda
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Svensson, Anja
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    "Vi sitter i samma båt": En kvalitativ studie om enhetschefers arbetssituation och förståelsen av deras handlingsutrymme2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to explore the eldercare managers' descriptions of their work situation, and through our research, reach a comprehesive view of the managers discretion in the municipational eldercare system in Sweden. Our questions in focus are: In what sense do the managers feel that laws, guidelines and objectives control their decisions? In what sense do the magangers feel that colleagues influence their decisions? How do the managers experince that superior managers and politicians influence their decisions? The essay is based on semi-structured interviews, with six different managers in the eldercare, from three different municipalities. We have made a questionnaire as a tool for our interviews, so that no questions were forgotten during the interview sessions, (with a few additional follow up questions). We analyze our results by using DiMaggio and Powell theory; we have chosen to work with two of the isomorphisms, in order to show how the managers relate to the organisations. We are also using Lipsky’s theory of street-level bureaucrats and their professional discretion, to see the manger from the other perspective; as an individual person in the organisation. Our results and analysis indicates that managers in the eldercare have a wide ability to control and shape their discretion. The factors, which control how the managers form their discretion, are laws, guidelines, goals, colleagues and superior management levels. These factors are largely interpretable, which gives the managers a wider possibility to shape decisions based on the existing guidelines and framework. The study shows that the most limiting factor to constrain the discretion is the financial resources.

  • Tettey, Uniben Yao Ayikoe
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Built Environment and Energy Technology.
    Primary energy use of residential buildings - implications of materials, modelling and design approaches2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Buildings can play an essential role in the transition to a sustainable society. Different strategies, including improved energy efficiency in buildings, substitution of carbon intensive materials and fuels, efficient energy supply among others can be employed for this purpose. In this thesis, the implications of different insulation materials, modelling and design strategies on primary energy use of residential buildings are studied using life cycle and system perspective. Specifically, the effects of different insulation materials on production primary energy and CO2 emission of buildings with different energy performance are analysed. The results show that application of extra insulation materials to building envelope components reduces the operating primary energy use but more primary energy is required for the insulation material production. This also slightly increases the CO2 emissions from material production. The increases in primary energy use and CO2 emissions are mainly due to the variations in the quantities, types and manufacturing processes of the insulation materials. Thus, choice of renewable based materials with energy efficient manufacturing is important to reduce primary energy use and GHG emissions for building material production.

    Uncertainties related to building modelling input parameters and assumptions and how they influence energy balance calculations of residential buildings are explored. The implications on energy savings of different energy efficiency measures are also studied. The results show that input data and assumptions used for energy balance simulations of buildings vary widely in the Swedish context giving significant differences in calculated energy demand for buildings. Among the considered parameters, indoor air temperature, internal heat gains and efficiency of ventilation heat recovery (VHR) have significant impacts on the simulated building energy performance as well as on the energy efficiency measures. The impact of parameter interactions on calculated space heating of buildings is rather small but increases with more parameter combinations and more energy efficient buildings. Detailed energy characterisation of household equipment and technical installations used in a building is essential to accurately calculate the energy demand, particularly for a low energy building.

    The design and construction of new buildings present many possibilities to minimise both heating and cooling demands over the lifecycle of buildings, and also in the context of climate change. Various design strategies and measures are analysed for buildings with different energy performance under different climate scenarios. These include household equipment and technical installations based on best available technology, bypassing the VHR unit, solar shading of windows, combinations of window u- and g-values, different proportions of glazed window areas and façade orientations and mechanical cooling. The results show that space heating and cooling demands vary significantly with the energy performance of buildings as well as climate scenarios. Space heating demand decreases while space cooling demand and the risk of overheating increase considerably with warmer climate. The space cooling demand and overheating risk are more significant for buildings with higher energy performance. Significant reductions are achieved in the operation final energy demands and overheating is avoided or greatly reduced when different design strategies and measures are implemented cumulatively under different climate change scenarios.

    The primary energy efficiency of heat supply systems depends on the heat production technology and type of fuel use. Analysis of the interaction between different design strategies and heat supply options shows that the combination of design strategies giving the lowest primary energy use for space heating and cooling varies between heat supply from district heating with combined heat and power (CHP) and heat only boilers (HOB). The primary energy use for space heating is significantly lower when the heat supply is from CHP rather than HOB. Operation primary energy use is significantly reduced with slight increase in production primary energy when the design strategies are implemented. The results suggest that significant primary energy reductions are achievable under climate change, if new buildings are designed with appropriate strategies.

  • Jevtic, Nikola
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Nato på agendan: En kvantitativ studie om Natodebatten i Aftonbladet, Dagens Nyheter, Svenska Dagbladet och Sydsvenskan.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine opinion texts and news articles concering the debate about whether or not Sweden should join Nato. The question about a Swedish Nato membership has been dead for quite a while, but a study from the SOM-institute in 2015 showed that for the first time in decades a majority of the swedees was in favour of joing Nato.

     

    This study uses a quantative method to examine several aspects of the debate and reporting in the following news papers: Aftonbladet, Dagens Nyheter, Sydsvenskan and Svenska Dagbladet. The research goes into bias, the general charateristics of the reporting and how Russia is portrayed.

    Russia has lately been viewed as an antagonist of Nato. Therefore, it was deemed probable that the portraying of Russia could have an impact on the way swedes percieve Nato.

     

    The results of the study shows that the majority of the text published in relation to the topic were opinion texts. There was a general pattern were the political colour of the newspaper had some effect on the published material, but not enough that it could be deemed as being biased biased.

     

    Russia were often portrayed in a negative tone and was also often portrayed as being a threat to other european countries.

     

  • Strömbom, David
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Computer Science.
    Utvärdering av webbintegrerade utvecklingsmiljöer: Fördelar och begränsningar2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Webbintegrerade utvecklingsmiljöer (också kallat moln-IDE) är en tjänst som erbjuds på internet där en programmerare erbjuds hela sin utvecklingsplattform i molnet. Vad finns det för fördelar och begränsningar med att använda en sådan utvecklingsplattform istället för den traditionella lokala utvecklingsmiljön? Tycker de professionella webbutvecklare som använt moln-IDE att det är en bra idé att använda en denna plattform istället för en lokal miljö?

    För att svara på detta har olika moln-IDE utforskats och testats. En enkätstudie har även gjorts för att utvärdera de erfarenheter som webbutvecklare haft med moln-IDE. Resultatet var som förväntat mestadels positivt, de flesta respondenterna gillar att använda moln-IDE för sin webbutveckling. Ett flertal fördelar med moln-IDE har uppmärksammats, samt några begränsningar. 

  • Rosu, Adina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Hur används läroboken i svenskundervisningen?: Fallstudie bland svensklärare på en gymnasieskola2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna fallstudie är att studera svensklärares uppfattningar om användningen av läroböcker i undervisningen på gymnasiet. Följande frågeställningar besvaras i studien: på vilka olika sätt förhåller sig lärare till läroböcker i svenskundervisningen, vilka motiv finns till lärarnas val att använda eller inte använda läroböcker och hur menar lärarna att deras användning av läroboken i svenskundervisningen har förändrats över tid? Studien utgår ifrån ett sociokulturellt perspektiv på lärande enligt vilket samspelet mellan individ och kollektiv står i fokus och där olika redskap (som läroboken) spelar en väsentlig och teknisk roll. Resultaten visar att läroboken är ett redskap som informanterna använder sig av vid speciella moment i sin undervisning i kombination med en mängd andra olika läromedel. Läroboken erbjuder struktur å ena sidan, men uppfattas som ytlig, styrande och otillräcklig å andra sidan. Detta kan förklaras med hjälp av den sociokulturella teorins tolkning av läroboken som ett tillrättaläggande av innehåll och produkt av en isolerad undervisningsmiljö.

  • Anxo, Dominique
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Ericson, Thomas
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Herbert, Anna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Rönnmar, Mia
    Lund University.
    To stay or not to stay. That is the question: beyond retirement: Stayers on the labour market2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The research project addresses three main questions: Who are the persons that continue to work after “normal” retirement age? What are their motivations? What are the consequences for the individual and for society? To answer these questions we perform an analysis of external and internal factors affecting the choice to stay after 65 years on the labour market or to leave earlier. Among external factors we investigate are: The impact of the prevailing labour laws and regulations on senior citizens’ participation on the labour market ; The socio-economic factors that affect the likelihood to stay on the labour market after the age of 65 ; The impact of employers’ human resource strategies on the possibility for senior workers to remain on the labour market after the age of 65 years. We also analyse the the role of individ specific factors such as motivation and , personal traits but the outcome in terms of subjective well-being and health. 

  • Månsson, Alf
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Chemistry and Biomedical Sciences.
    Actomyosin based contraction: one mechanokinetic model from single molecules to muscle?2016In: Journal of Muscle Research and Cell Motility, ISSN 0142-4319, E-ISSN 1573-2657Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Bridging the gaps between experimental systems on different hierarchical scales is needed to overcome remaining challenges in the understanding of muscle contraction. Here, a mathematical model with well-characterized structural and biochemical actomyosin states is developed to that end. We hypothesize that this model accounts for generation of force and motion from single motor molecules to the large ensembles of muscle. In partial support of this idea, a wide range of contractile phenomena are reproduced without the need to invoke cooperative interactions or ad hoc states/transitions. However, remaining limitations exist, associated with ambiguities in available data for model definition e.g.: (1) the affinity of weakly bound cross-bridges, (2) the characteristics of the cross-bridge elasticity and (3) the exact mechanistic relationship between the force-generating transition and phosphate release in the actomyosin ATPase. Further, the simulated number of attached myosin heads in the in vitro motility assay differs several-fold from duty ratios, (fraction of strongly attached ATPase cycle times) derived in standard analysis. After addressing the mentioned issues the model should be useful in fundamental studies, for engineering of myosin motors as well as for studies of muscle disease and drug development.

  • Titus, Marcus
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Doss, Jonathan
    Kvinnliga sportjournalister på frammarsch?: En jämförande kvantitativ innehållsanalys av Sportbladets kvinnliga journalisters utrymme och innehåll2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study's purpose is to examine how female sportswriters representation in physical space and as regards content has evolved over a period of ten years in the Swedish tabloid Aftonbladets sports printed supplement Sportbladet. The history of female sportswriters in press all over the world seems to have been largely outnumbered despite the fact that the practitioners of sports is very similar numerically. To investigating this matter, a content analysis was made on 30 printed papers from each year of 2006 and 2016. The results showed that female sportswriters in Sportbladet had made some significant differences in the regard of increasing their representation in both physical space and what type of journalistic work they were assigned to under this period.

  • Olsson, Robin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Med sovjetiskt inflytande i Kalmar: En granskning av hur kommunisterna i Kalmar hanterade den sovjetiska kontrollen över öst i dramatiska uttryck2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study will illuminate how Kalmar Communist worker’s commune dutifully follows the Soviet ideology in the 1940s and how their position and actions change over time. With the help of archive material from Folkrörelsearkivet in Kalmar, the survey also will describe how the party in Kalmar chooses to express their propaganda, both in terms of spreading the Soviet Union´s ideologies and their own political positions within the national borders. Above all, the study aims to deduce how Kalmar Communist worker`s membership number and electoral results were affected by major external occurrence. The party´s support received a huge boost at the end of the World War II, while the crisis in Hungary 1956 and the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968 did not result in the same development.

    An interesting theoretical aspect is also visible by comparing a similar example with the Communist Party in United Kingdom with their counterpart party in Kalmar. In the United Kingdom, there was a public fear of the Soviet Union’s involvement and close cooperation with the Communist party of the Soviet Union. They feared that the Soviet Union by way of the British Communist Party could influence the domestic policy and the national society, and in this way, get inside the country´s borders, and gain advantage during the current cold war.

  • Stenberg, Tove
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Ordförståelse i högstadiets biologiundervisning2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    För att få en bild av hur elever i årskurs 8 förstår ord som används i biologiundervisningen undersöks ordförståelse av tio ord, både ämnesord och vardagsord. Undersökningen görs skriftligt, dels genom en självskattning av om eleven förstår ordet, dels en förklaring och en mening med ordet som eleven själv formulerar. Orden i undersökningen är anpassning, art, förebygga, konkurrera, kretslopp, nedbrytare, organism, resurs, symbios och variation Bland ämnesorden var de svåraste orden symbios och organism medan flera förklarade orden nedbrytare och kretslopp. Bland vardagsorden gav eleverna den vardagliga betydelsen av till exempel ordet anpassning. Flera elever missuppfattade ordet förebygga och det visar att det kan vara svårt som lärare att förutse vilka ord som är svåra för eleverna, det är inte bara krångliga ämnesord utan även förståelsen för vardagsord kan se olika ut i olika grupper och förändras över tid.

  • Nilsson, Sandra
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Det är en utmaning inte bara för mig utan för eleverna med: en kvalitativ studie om hur lärarens innställning påverkar elevernas inlärning i matematik2013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den här studien var att vinna kunskap om och ge en bild av hur lärare på 2 landsbygdsskolor och 2 centrala skolor upplevde att deras inställning i matematik påverkar elevernas inlärning i ämnet. Med studien ämnade jag även att belysa hur dessa lärare såg på kursplanen för matematik och hur dessa 4 lärare jobbade mot den. I studien tas det även upp hur dessa lärare anser att matematiken bör läras in för bästa resultat. Metoden som användes var av kvalitativ karaktär där jag använde mig av intervjuer som datainsamlingsmetod. Jag intervjuade sammanlagt 4 lärare, 3 kvinnor och 1 man på 2 landsbygdsskolor och 2 centrala skolor i en mindre kommun i sydöstra Sverige. Resultatet visade att båda lärarna på landsbygdskolorna ansåg att deras inställningar till matematiken påverkar eleverna medan en av de centrala skolornas lärare var likasinnad inställd som landsbygdskolornas. Den andra läraren på den centrala skolan var av uppfattningen att dennes inställning till ämnet inte påverkade eleverna nämnvärt. Angående kursplanen i matematik var alla lärare av ungefär samma åsikt. Samtliga ansåg att det var viktigt att man som pedagog är medveten om vad som står i dessa, men att de jobbade på olika sätt mot att uppnå målen i den. Hur man på bästa sätt skulle lära ut matematik var lärarna på landsbygdsskolorna av samma åsikt medans de två centrala skolornas lärare såg olikt på hur man på bästa sätt skulle undervisa i matematik. Sammanfattningsvis kan alltså sägas att det finns vissa olikheter mellan de centrala skolornas och lärares på skolorna på landsbygdens uppfattning om fenomenet, men det finns även likheter.  

  • Johansson, Hanna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Från Muhammed till Skolverket: En läromedelsanalys av islam i gymnasieskolans religionsämne2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is a qualitative textual analysis of six books used for religious studies in upper secondary schools. The aim was to study if and how a “correct Islam” is presented in the chapters about Islam, how that “correct Islam” matches the Swedish syllabus “Religionskunskap 1”, and how Muslim women are presented in books written after 2011. The applied theoretical frame for the study was “gender steps” and Hughes’ critic of studies of Islam. The results showed that few of the chosen authors reached the second step of the gender steps, the position based on how texts problematize the differences between men and women. The results also showed that elements of Hughes’ critic were found in the books. The authors sometimes expressed a correct Islam by presenting only one or few interpretations of the Quran. This didn’t always meet the aims of the syllabus. The books lack presentations of a variety of gender, socio-economical backgrounds, ethnicities, and sexualities. Muslim women were mainly presented in the text when they differed from religious practices.

  • Martinsson, Cecilia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Att vårda patienter med andra kulturella bakgrunder: En systematisk litteraturstudie utifrån sjuksköterskors erfarenheter2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Abstrakt

    Bakgrund: Sverige är idag ett mångkulturellt land och detta påverkar dagens hälso- och sjukvård. Bristande kommunikation och vårdrelationer mellan sjuksköterskor och patienter kan leda till negativ påverkan på den vård som patienterna är berättigade.

    Syfte: Belysa sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att vårda patienter från andra kulturer.

    Metod: Systematisk litteraturstudie som inkluderar 11 studier som var funna i databaserna Cinahl, Pubmed och PsycInfo. Åtta studier var av kvalitativ ansats och tre studier var av kvantitativ ansats. Samtliga studier fick genomgå en kvalitetsgranskning.

    Resultat: Resultatet sammanställdes i två huvudkategorier med två respektive fem underkategorier. De två huvudkategorierna som kom fram var ”Erfarenheter av kommunikationens betydelse i vårdandet” och ”Erfarenheter av att konfronteras med andra kulturella normer”.

    Slutsats: I vårdandet av patienter från andra kulturer kunde svårigheter uppkomma emellertid gouterade sjuksköterskorna den kulturella mångfalden. Det framkom även i resultatet att kommunikation var en viktig faktor för att kunna skapa en vårdande relation. Sjuksköterskorna erfor bristande kunskap om olika kulturer samt begränsad tillgång av resurser, något som hade kunnat förhindras genom utbildning i kulturkongruent vård.

  • Collin, Imad
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Computer Science.
    Quality Assessment of Web Pages: is it worth the trouble?2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Public defence: 2017-04-07 10:15 Weber, Växjö
    Vainik, Anne-Lie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Polisanmälningar i grundskolan2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is about police reports concerning school violence in Sweden involving children below the age of criminal responsibility. Police reports about incidents caused by pupils in Swedish compulsory schools have increased since at least the 1980s. In research on violent, threatening and insulting acts among children in schools, incidence and causes are often studied in terms of bullying and degrading treatment. Criminological studies on children's violent acts, in schools, is mainly based on information on children aged 15 and over. Research on why police reports are filed about younger children in compulsory schools is limited. The aim of this thesis is to describe and analyse school-related police reports, in relation to children’s unwanted actions in compulsory schools with the goal of understanding the intentionality in every day practice.

    The empirical material consists of four studies of which three have been conducted using qualitative methods through analysing legal documents, using content analysis of texts in school-related police reports and interviews with Principals. The fourth study has been carried out with statistical analysis of school-related police reports. The results of the studies are presented in four papers. This thesis takes the approach from modern sociology which is used both as perspectives and theory. The perspectives concern modernity, social control and cultural sensitivity. The theoretical framework is based on theory of systems and lifeworld.

    The concluding analysis shows local differences in the assessments on which action will be reported to the police. It is mainly Principals who make reports to the police but also parents. Principals’ police reports are based on social commitment and early intervention and parents report concern about repeated school bullying of their children. Despite diverse local practices certain patterns appear. Boys in the 13-14 years age group are the ones most often seen as perpetrators in the police reports. Two particularly prominent patterns become visible at the school level. Most police reports are related to schools with low grades and to so-called resource schools. This indicates that the unwanted actions of disadvantaged children are more often reported to the police than the actions of other children. The filing of police reports can be understood as a result of difficulties among adults to reach common understanding on how children’s problems should be handled in school systems everyday practice.

  • Faletar Tanackovic, Sanjica
    et al.
    University of Osijek, Croatia.
    Golub, Koraljka
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University.
    The meaning of interoperability and its implications for archival institutions: Challenges and opportunities in Croatia, Finland and Sweden2017In: Information research, ISSN 1368-1613, E-ISSN 1368-1613, Vol. 22, no 1, 1653Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction. This exploratory study aims to map the premises of developing interoperability of archival holdings and the understanding of how “interoperability” is understood from an operational perspective at archival institutions. The study is based on a comparative survey of the views of archivists from Croatian, Finnish and Swedish archives on the perceived needs, barriers and preferences regarding online access and interoperability of a their metadata and holdings.

    Method. A web survey comprising 35 multiple-choice and open-ended questions focusing on current state and plans regarding online access and interoperability of the holdings and metadata of the institutions was sent out to archives in Croatia, Finland and Sweden in autumn 2015.

    Analysis. Both quantitative and qualitative analyses were carried out on the data, which related to 45 individual archives. Quantitative analysis employed the statistical package SPSS, while the qualitative analysis referred to content analysis of open questions by one of the researchers.

    Results. While the respondents are unanimous in their opinion that interoperability is important for their institutions and useful for their users, the current level of interoperability and the online access to holdings provided by the responding institutions in discrepancy with this opinion. The lack of resources and expertise could be traced back to the shortage of interest at strategic and managerial level.

    Conclusion. The findings suggest that there are several obstacles in the way to providing improved interoperability and online access to archival holdings and metadata. At the same time, there is a lack of conceptual agency that would try to redefine the problem and try to choose appropriate methods, develop meanings and relations between the concept of interoperability and the principles of archival work.

  • Rothén, Maja
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Vad kan vi egentligen veta?: En analys av fem läroböckers framställning av new age2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this essay I have chosen to study the definition of new age in five different textbooks from the curriculum that was published in 2011. The textbooks that I have chosen for the analysis was Religion och sånt (2013), Religion och sammanhang (2013), Under samma himmel (2013), En människa, tusen världar (2015) and Söka svar (2013). The method I used to get an answer to my study was a qualitative content analyse and I analysed the result with help from David Thurfjell and his book Det gudlösa folket (2015) but Olav Hammer and På spaning efter helheten (2004) was also a big part of the result.

    The result showed that new age is forgotten when it comes to teaching in upper secondary school. Even if new age is well presented if you compare with Hammers definition the result shows that it is not really taken seriously. New age is often placed in the end of the books and the chapter that it contains doesn’t only focus on new age but also cults and other forms of alternative religion which can be a difficulty because students might be confused and think that these things are the same. In one of the books new age is not even mentioned. This shows that new age is not prioritised in the education of religion.

    Thurfjell presents secularization in a form that religion is not growing smaller in the society but rather changing form. People today are not looking for a religion as the traditional Christianity or Islam but for a more private religion where they can decide the contents themselves. This is something new age can provide. The author also claims that new age or spirituality is a big part of our ordinary day. We can see it in the newspaper, in the movies on television and in the advertising from big companies like IKEA. Then maybe it would be to prefer that the curriculum expand its contents and not only focuses on the big religions but also on the living religion, like new age. In that case the students can get the possibility to expand their vision when it comes to the definition of what religion really is. 

  • Årestedt, Liselott
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Den ombokade resan: att leva som familj med kronisk sjukdom2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The overall aim was to generate deepened knowledge and understanding about families’ experiences of living as a family with chronic illness. The four studies aimed to: illuminate the meaning of living as a family in the midst of chronic illness (I), illuminate illness beliefs in those families (II), illuminate the meaning of place for family well-being (III) and describe the experiences of encounters with health care in families living with chronic illness (IV).

    Methods: All studies had qualitative designs and a Family Systems Nursing perspective. Data was collected through family interviews with families where an adult family member had lived with chronic illness for more than two years. The used analyses were phenomenological hermeneutic (I,III), hermeneutic (II) and content analysis (IV).

    Results: Living as a family with chronic illness was a continuously ongoing process where families co-created a context for living with illness and alternative ways for everyday life (I). Core and secondary beliefs within and across families about illness, family, and health care were revealed and showed for how families responded to and managed situations due to illness (II). Further, the meaning of place for family well-being was described as “a shared respite”, i.e. a place for relief, reflection and re-creation. It seemed to be important for families to be in secure places to enhance well-being (III). Living with chronic illness also includes frequent encounters with health care professionals and having an accompanying member constituted a great power. It helped families to get opportunities to collaborate, and receiving confirmation in the encounters (IV).

    Conclusions: Living as a family with chronic illness is a continuously ongoing process where family members constitute support for each other. Families have a common desire to handle challenges and changes due to illness and to co-create new patterns for everyday living. Therefore, if nurses adopt a Family Nursing Perspective and involve families in health care, families’ strengths and resources can be facilitated. Then, family well-being can be strengthened.

  • Eek-Karlsson, Liselotte
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    Ungas samspel online2016Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • Knutsson, Sofia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Livet som hedning: Paganistiska inriktningar och historisk inspiration i nutida Sverige2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay presents the result of a quantitative study made among contemporary pagans in Sweden. The study, which is based on an Internet survey, examines which types of pagan practices that are most common and what kind of troubles pagan faith could cause in the practitioners daily life. The study also examines whether the historical tradition and the archaeological facts behind a contemporary pagan movement serves as a pattern or an inspiration for the practitioners way of leading their lives or performing rituals. It also examines the correlation between the participants sex and their pagan tradition.

    The study shows that a vast majority of the 132 participants claimed to belong to an Old Norse tradition, but also believed in different beings of nature and nature religion. A majority of the participants viewed historical and archaeological facts with a connection to their faith more as an inspiration to their religious practices than actual religious rules.

  • Fränberg, Viktor
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Den ryska björnen sover: En pressanalytisk studie av Expressens och Aftonbladets framställning av Putin och Ryssland vid de ryska presidentvalen år 2000, 2004 samt 20122017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden has always had a special relationship with Russia. The countries have fought dozens of wars against each other, both in the Viking Age, the Middle Ages and the early modern period. This, according to many historians, led to the emergence of a russophobia in Sweden.

    It has now been over two hundred years ago since the last altercation between these countries, so does russophobia still exist in Sweden, and if not, what characterizes our perception of Russia today?

     

    These are the types of questions that will be processed and answered in this press analytical study of the Swedish media's representation of Putin and Russia. The material studied consists of articles in two major Swedish newspapers from the period around the Russian presidential elections in 2000, 2004 and 2012, all of which were won by Putin.

     

    A general conclusion is that the Swedish media image of Russia is strongly negative. The image of Putin was somewhat positive in the year 2000 but then became increasingly negative. I also found no evidence of russophobia. Although Russia is sometimes portrayed as militarily aggressive there’s nothing that suggest that Sweden should feel threatened.

  • Danielsson, Julia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Historielärares undervisningsstrategier: Att undervisa om det förgågna2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studies syfte är att studera historielärares undervisningsstrategier. Begreppet undervisningsstrategier är ett begrepp som bygger på lärares syfte, innehåll och material i undervisningen. De bygger även på de didaktiska frågorna vad, hur och varför. En viktig del av detta begrepp är att lärarna ska ha arbetat under en tid. Lärarna ska ha haft tid till att utveckla sin undervisningsstrategi som yrkesverksam lärare, vilket kallas för praktisk yrkesteori.

    I studien har en halvstrukturerad modell använts där intervjufrågorna bestämdes på förhand och där det även lämnades utrymme för diskussion och övriga frågor som kunde uppkomma under intervjun. I studien har fyra lärare intervjuats då tre av dem var gymnasielärare medan en var högstadielärare.

    Studiens resultat visade på att lärarna beskriver sin historieundervisning på olika sätt. Lärarna ansåg att historieämnet kunde användas på olika sätt som även fyllde olika funktioner. Fortsättningsvis beskriver lärarna olika metoder och tankesätt i undervisningen.

    Nyckelord: undervisningsstrategier, halvstrukturerade intervjuer, historiedidaktik. 

  • Pettersson, Malin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages.
    Constructions of Masculinity in Salman Rushdie’s Novel ​The Satanic Verses2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This literary analysis focuses on gendered constructions of masculinity in The Satanic Verses by Salman Rushdie. The main argument is that masculinity is a construction of gender much like femininity. Masculinity, however, has often been disregarded as an approach within gender studies of literature where the aspects of femininity have taken precedence. The theoretical approach in this analysis is the sociological perspective of gender, not determined solely by the biological sex. I will discuss sociological gender, and the constructions of masculinity, from the following five aspects: the male body, sex, fatherhood, violence and performance. I will address the physical mutations of the protagonists’ bodies, the sexual relationships between the characters as well as the reproductive organ and its contextual meaning. I will also focus on the ideas of, and relations to, fatherhood, violence the characters are subjected to, as well as the performance of acting your identity. All of these five aspects show constructions of masculinities clearly, and there is a need for addressing them more thoroughly in literary analyses.

  • Olande, Oduor
    Mid Sweden University.
    Students' narratives from graphical artefacts: Exploring the use of mathematics tools and forms of expression in students' graphicacy2013Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The research concerns presented in this dissertation addresses aspects of students’ interaction with commonly occurring graphical artefacts in teaching and learning environments. In particular, focus is on how the students make sense of these artefacts in relation to subject specific tools and forms of expression.

    The dissertation comprises of four studies guided by a semiotics cultural- historical perspective to cognition. The first study which is largely quantitative, analyses the percentage scores from students’ responses to selected items from OECD PISA surveys for items containing graphical elements. The second and the third studies in keeping with a more sociocultural perspective to learning as point of departure, examine the students’ collaborative interaction around tasks containing graphical elements. The fourth study explores the nature of students’ solutions from the Swedish national test in mathematics based on a tools and forms of expression sensitive empirically derived construct of Identification contra Critical-analytical approach to graphicacy.

    The main outcomes of these studies can be summarised as follows: first there is justification for re-examining the predominant characterisation of students’ interaction with graphical artefacts. Secondly, while it is not uncommon for students to take a more visual-perceptive and intuitive approach to graphicacy, results from task items interactions indicate that a Critical-analytical approach seems to be more reliable and capable of yielding desirable outcomes. The outcomes of these studies call for vigilance on the type of tasks used in relation to graphicacy and how these can be used to foster students’ Critical-analytical disposition.

  • Danielsson, Hanna
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Pettersson, Hanna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    EN SJUKDOM SOM FÖRÄNDRAR LIVET: En studie som belyser upplevelsen av att vårda en närstående med Alzheimers sjukdom.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Alzheimers sjukdom är den vanligaste typen av demens där 70 % av alla som drabbas vårdas av sina närstående vilket gör att sjukdomen även kallas för de anhörigas sjukdom. Sjukdomen gör att minnet försämras och personligheten förändras. Tidigare forskning visar att närstående upplever en förändring i relationen på grund av sjukdomen.

    Syfte: Syftet var att belysa upplevelsen att vara vårdare till en närstående med Alzheimer.

    Metod: En studie baserad på sju självbiografier som analyserades med en manifest innehållsanalys med kvalitativ ansats.

    Resultat: Livet förändras för de som vårdar en närstående med Alzheimers sjukdom. Att anta den vårdande rollen leder till ett emotionellt lidande på grund av den ensamhet och trötthet de upplever när de inte får tillräckligt med hjälp från vården eller andra familjemedlemmar.

    Slutsats: Resultatet visar att de som vårdar en närstående blir stressade och ensamma då de ofta blir isolerade. Det visar hur viktigt det är att få avlastning genom hjälp och att få samtala med andra i samma situation.  Som allmänsjuksköterska är det därför viktigt att ha ett bra vårdande samtal med den närstående för att kunna ge det stöd som behövs. 

  • Zetterholm, My
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Brandt, Patrik
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Jokela, Päivi
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Physio-digital Convergence: Aspects on Security2016In: Proceedings of 7th International Conference “Information Systems and Technology Innovations: the New Paradigm for a Smarter Economy" / [ed] Kozeta Sevrani, Tirana: University of Tirana , 2016, 1Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The fast progressing development of mobile technologies and health applications has given rise to trends like health tracking and quantify self. This kind of mobile health applications can measure an increasing amount of physiological parameters, which implies an increasing interconnectivity between users and mobile technologies. An explorative pre-study was made which studied the relation between users and mobile technologies on students in Sweden and Albania. The results imply an increasing interconnectivity between users and mobile technologies and this can be considered as both a physical and psychological phenomenon. From a system perspective the physiological and digital systems can be seen as converging, driven by both technical innovations and user behavior. This blurring of system boundaries requires for reflections within philosophy and ethics as well as security and integrity. The concept of Physio-digital convergence is proposed as a perspective to further analyze this development. Recommendations on further research include integrity and security issues, which are both pointed out as critical aspects in this context. 

  • Hefni, Mohammed E.
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Chemistry and Biomedical Sciences. Mansoura University, Egypt.
    Shalaby, Mohamed T.
    Mansoura University, Egypt.
    Mohamed, Rasha A.
    Mansoura University, Egypt.
    Elwa, Ahmad M.
    Mansoura University, Egypt.
    Witthöft, Cornelia M.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Chemistry and Biomedical Sciences.
    Effect of a 12-Week Dietary Intervention with Folic Acid or Folate-Enhanced Foods on Folate Status in Healthy Egyptian Women2016In: Food and Nutrition Sciences, ISSN 2157-944X, E-ISSN 2157-9458, Vol. 7, 1339-1351 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Egyptian government introduced wheat-flour fortification with iron and folic acid to reduce the incidence of neural tube defects, but suspended it for technical reasons. We previously developed novel legume foods with enhanced folate content. In this study, we investigated the efficacy of 12-week intervention with folate-en- hanced foods versus folic acid supplement in improving folate status in Egyptian women. A randomized, parallel intervention trial with two active groups (n = 19, n = 18) and one blinded control group (n = 20) was executed over 12 weeks. Volunteers received either germinated legume foods and orange juice (≈250 μg/d folate) or folic acid supplement (500 μg/d) or apple juice (0 μg/d folate). Folate status was assessed by erythrocyte and plasma folate and total homocysteine (tHcy) at day 0, and after 8 and 12 weeks of intervention. After 12 weeks, mean plasma folate increased by 14 (P < 0.0001) and 12 (P < 0.0001) nmoL in the folic acid and food group, respectively. Erythrocyte folate concentration increased in the folic acid group from 614 to 912 (P < 0.0001) and in the food group from 631 to 914 nmoL (P < 0.0001). After 12 weeks, 90% of subjects in the folic acid group and 70% in the food group had erythrocyte folate concentrations exceeding 906 nmol/L. tHcy concentration was decreased by 20% (P = 0.007) and 18% (P = 0.006) in the folic acid and food group, respectively, but remained unchanged in the control group during intervention. Folate-enhanced foods effectively improve folate status in women of reproductive age. These foods could be used as a complement to folic acid fortification 

  • hagman, johanna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Swedish Language.
    Strukturer och Redskap: En studie av fyra lärares syn på arbetet med elevers läsförståelse2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the present study is to examine four teachers’ experience of pupils’ reading comprehension, with special focus on their perceptions of reading comprehension, their experience of pupils’ changed attitudes to reading in the last ten years, and the reading strategies the teachers use in their teaching The result shows that the teachers have a relatively unanimous view of what reading comprehension means, but they use different reading strategies and they have differing experiences of pupils’ attitudes to reading. The pupils’ decreasing motivation to read means that they need more guidance today than before. The teachers give the pupils a chance to develop their reading ability by revealing different reading strategies, but the lack of motivation in the pupils is an obstacle to their development.

  • Amir Gafur, Hoda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Child Labour: Causes and solitions of child labour: A comparative case study of two African countries2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Child labour is a global problem. There have been significant steps to combat the problem from international arena, but its prevalence gives reason for concerns. In this study a comparative case study of two African countries will be examined. The two countries are; Somalia and Namibia, where the first mentioned country are still having child labour and the last mentioned have succeeded in combating child labour. With a theoretical framework I will try to answer what made the Somalia failing and what made Namibia succeeding in the elimination of child labour. The methodology that has been used is a structured focused comparison. In the concluding part I will bring fourth several points of what Somalia can learn from Namibia.  

  • Younis Forssman, Joulin
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Jacobsson, Emma
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Gender Mainstreaming in Kisumu County High Schools: A Study of Gender Mainstreaming Policy Implementation on the Local Level in Kenya2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Börjesson, Jonatan
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Johansson, Dennis
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    "Grejen är att det är roligt": En jämförande studie av dagstidningars och e-sporttidningars skildring av e-sport.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    The aim of this study was to elucidate the manifested differences in printed daily newspapers and online e-sport papers. In addition we explored the different priorities of news selection in the two types of newspapers.

    The method we conducted in this study was quantitative content analysis and our material consisted of 150 articles from each group of papers, for a total of 300 articles. Our results were analyzed using framing theory, agenda setting theory and commercialization.

    Our findings included a heavy emphasis on social issues from the daily newspapers and an equally heavy emphasis on the sporting side of esport from the esport papers. Additionally we could state that e-sport papers thoroughly exercised the usage of pictures in their articles, but interviews were rare.

    Before this study the scientific area of e-sports journalism was completely unexplored. This inspired us to become the pioneers of the field. We hope to open up this field for further scientific research.