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  • Cesar, Lina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Malm, Isebell
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Gymnasiebibliotekariers tankar om sociala medier: Ett verktyg för att nå ut till sina användare2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The majority of Sweden's population has access to the Internet and are frequent users of social media. Social media do not only meet people's needs to network, but can also play a role when it comes to their information needs. The library users are on social media, so therefore it is natural for libraries to also be there. Because young people of today grow up in a digital media world, we thought it would be interesting to examine how school libraries make use of these media. The purpose of this paper is to examine high school librarians’ use of social media. We connected four research questions; why does the librarian use social media, how can the librarian use social media in their professional, how can the use of social media contribute to the librarian's skills and how does librarians communicate via social media. We used qualitative interviews as our method to answer our questions. The theoretical framework was based on Jochumsen, Hvenegaard & Skot-Hansen's "The four space" model, which regards the library as a meeting space, inspiration space, learning space and performative space. It is in the original directed at the public library, but in our application it has been adapted for the school library operations and focused on the digital part of the school library. We found that librarians use social media mainly to promote their libraries. They also use social media to keep up on current research and to keep in touch with other librarians. They all find it desirable to have more contact with their users and a greater use of two-way communication.

  • Olsson, Carl
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Röda byxor och vatten till knäna: En fallstudie i Sven Bloms upplevelse av det första världskriget.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay explores a previously rather unexplored part of Swedish military history in the form of a Swedish volunteer in the great war named Sven Blom. The essay focuses on his mindset and thoughts regarding the war, his part in it as a combatant, and how these experiences changed his mindset regarding the war over time. Sven Blom, a Swedish man in his 30s, who lived in France at the outbreak of hostilities, chosed to side with his new countrymen and enlists as a volunteer in the French Foreign Legion. His enthusiasm and patriotism regarding the war changed slowly through his combat experiences. After he sustaines a serious case of frostbite throughout one of his feet, he is sent to recover at a hospital. He recovers, but does not enlist again. His mindset regarding the war is changed forever. The main source material of this essay is the two war-diaries written in Swedish by Sven Blom starting right before the declaration of hostilities to the time when he was discharged from the French foreign Legion. To analyze the material several books are used. Such as Svenskar i Krig, by Lars Gyllenhaal and Lennart Westberg, Det första världskriget by John Keegan, Ivan Lönnberg by Sören Björklund, Eldens återsken by Lina Sturfelt and Fallen Soldiers written by George L. Mosse.

     

  • Nguyen, Tram
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Chemistry and Biomedical Sciences.
    Anledningar till läkemedelkassation samt synen på läkemedelsavfallshantering2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Yousef, Viyan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Music and Art.
    Den dominerande vitheten: En studie om två bildlärares uppfattning om den visuella representationen av olika etniciter i deras bildval2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syftet är att undersöka, analysera och diskutera hur två bildlärare på gymnasiet uppfattar den visuella representationen av olika etniciteter i sitt bildval i undervisningen. Insamlingen av data skedde genom två semistrukturerade intervjuer med två gymnasielärare i bild. Datan analyserades utifrån en tematiskt analysmetod. Resultatet visade att båda lärarna uppfattade sig ha en låg visuell representation av olika etniciteter i sin undervisning. Valet av bilder till undervisningen skedde utifrån den vita blicken och ett västerländskt perspektiv där vitheten är dominerande, vilket främjar rådande normer och maktstrukturer. En tvetydighet framkom om var ansvaret för ett breddat etniskt perspektiv i undervisningen ligger. 

  • Sinyakova, Evgenia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mathematics.
    Fedorchuk's compacts in topology: Cardinal characteristics of Fedorchuk's compacts2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Master’s thesis is devoted to the study of cardinal invariants in the F-compact spaces class. Here and throughout the paper, the concept ”compact” would mean a compact Hausdorff space. In my thesis I have tried to present and explain all necessary concepts and statements necessary for the reader to get acquainted with F-compact spaces class. In order to understand the idea of F-compact spaces, it is necessary to understand what the inverse spectrum is from itself, it is necessary to know about the cardinality of sets and to understand that two infinite sets can have different cardinalities, know about closed and open sets, and much else that you will find in this paper. In the thesis the analysis of the scientific literature sources is presented; the theorems about the relationship between the characteristics of cardinality invariants in the F-compact spaces class are investigated; the relationships between the properties of perfect normality and hereditary normality in the F - compact spaces class of countable spectral height are studied. In the process of the investigation some propositions were found, proved and filled in the missing fragments of evidence. Conclusion: At present, the method of fully closed mappings (which is used in constructing of F - compact spaces ) is the most productive method of constructing counterexamples in general topology. I believe, that this paper will be interesting to all who wants to go beyond the ordinary, habitual way of thinking, because only by studying topology we can speak clearly and precisely about things related to the idea of continuity and infinity!

  • Millberg, Annicka
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Ska vi läsa en bok?: En skildring av hur några förskollärare talar om bokläsningens syfte och funktion i verksamheten och för barnen2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Abstrakt

    Preschool teachers purpose, perceptions and attitudes on reading children´s books aloud in preschool.

     

    Studien syftar till att belysa hur  några förskollärare talar om bokläsningens syfte och funktion i förskolans pedagogiska verksamhet. Frågeställningar kring förskollärares förhållningssätt till bokläsning fokuseras. Undersökningen vill även synliggöra hur förskollärarna talar om hur dessa läsaktiviteter bör organiseras samt eventuell intention de har med bokläsning i förskoleverksamheten och när det bör ske. Bokval, lässtrategier och barns lärandemiljöer behandlas också. För att samla in förskollärarnas åsikter har en kvalitativ forskningsmetod använts i form av enskilda intervjuer med fyra verksamma förskollärare. En redogörelse av forskning kring ämnet presenteras och styrdokumentet Läroplanen för förskolan (Lpfö 98/2010) tas upp. Studien tar sin teoretiska utgångspunkt i ett sociokulturellt perspektiv.

     

    Resultatet av undersökningen visar att bokläsningen har hög prioritet för informanterna och ses  av dem som en självklar aktivitet i förskolan. Alla förskollärarna i undersökningen ger uttryck för att det primära och allra viktigaste syftet med att läsa i förskolan är att ge barnen ett innehållsrikt språk och en ökad ordförståelse men de lyfter även andra syften med bokläsandet. Deras egna agerande och förhållningssätt ses som betydelsfullt  för huruvida lässtunderna kan bli till meningsfulla lärtillfällen för barnen och kommunikation individerna emellan under bokläsningen lyfts fram av informaterna.

     

  • Andersson Edén, Therese
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages.
    The Shakespearean Stahr: Using Genette’s Theory of Intertextuality to Compare The Last Tycoon to Shakespeare’s Tragedies2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay uses Gerard Genette’s theory of intertextuality – in particular, architextuality - in order to establish the connection between Shakespearean tragedies and F. Scott Fitzgerald’s last novel, The Last Tycoon. The essay relies mainly on known Shakespeare critic A.C Bradley and the categories he uses in order to establish what makes a Shakespearean tragedy a Shakespearean tragedy. This framework will then be used to further elaborate upon the architextual connection between Shakespeare and Fitzgerald. The essay also compares the characters from The Last Tycoon directly to characters from Shakespeare’s tragedies in order to further show the intertextual connections. For example, Fitzgerald's main character Monroe Stahr is compared to Julius Caesar, from Shakespeare's play of the same name, while the antagonist Mr Brady is compared to both Cassius from the previously mentioned Julius Caesar, as well as Iago from Othello

  • Arvidson Svensson, Annie
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Johansson, Emma
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Självständighet förutsätter delaktighet: Perioperativa sjuksköterskors upplevelser av hur förståelse påverkar teamarbetet2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In an operating theatre teamwork is important, partly to get the job done, but also to ensure patient safety. An important aspect of teamwork is that perioperative nurses feel that the other members of the team understand their work assignments. Aim: The aim of this study was to highlight perioperative nurses' experiences of teamwork based on an understanding of their work assignments. Method: A qualitative inductive interview study was conducted with 16 perioperative nurses from three small to medium-sized hospitals in southern Sweden. The data were analyzed based on a qualitative latent content analysis. Results: The study shows that there are several aspects that affect teamwork and nurses feel that although understanding of their work assignments from other team members usually are good, there are possibilities for improvement. The overall theme independence requires participation emerged from the result, as well as the categories profession, collaboration, work environment and patient safety with related subcategories. Conclusion: To give perioperative personnel an insight into what might facilitate teamwork can be beneficial.  Further research on the topic is required, but it is also important that schools and workplaces practice teamwork to increase knowledge and understanding between different professions.

  • Andersson, Gabriel
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Engstrand, Jepser
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Undervisningsämne, har det en avgörande roll för lärarens stressnivå?: En kvantitativ studie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna undersökning var att studera ifall det fanns någon skillnad i stressnivå mellan lärare i olika undervisningsämnen. Tidigare forskning visar att lärare i olika ämnen lägger ner olika mycket tid i undervisningsprocessen (planering, undervisning, dokumentation och bedömning/återkoppling). De lärare som undervisar i praktiska ämnen lägger ner 4% mindre tid på undervisningsprocessen i jämförelse med ämneskategori 5 (kategoriöverskridande ämneskombinationer). Studien involverar 139 grundskolelärare från södra Sverige som fick besvara frågeformuläret. Resultatet i studien visar på att det inte finns någon signifikant skillnad i stressnivå hos lärare beroende på undervisningsämne. Slutsatsen är således att ingen hänsyn behöver tas till undervisningsämne för att minska stressnivåerna inom skolan. 

  • Eldh, Ann-Sofie
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Johnsson, Denise
    Det aktivitetsbaserade arbetssättet -en kvantitativ studie av en förändringsprocess kopplat till arbetstillfredsställelse.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Åkesson, Ida
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Wilding, Malin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Läkares erfarenheter av Regionalt läkarstöd till ambulanssjukvården: En kvalitativ intervjustudie2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Regional Medical support has been designed to ensure an involvement of doctors in the prehospital field. The current system for ambulance care raise high demands to ensure a correct patient assessment and triage to the right level of care, and for their assistance in this daily work, the nurse needs a doctor who is very knowledgeable in the organization. Purpose: To describe doctors’ experience of functioning as advisors for nurses working in the ambulance. Method: A qualitative research design was conducted including interviews with nine doctors serving as Regional Medical support. The content analysis was conducted according to a qualitative content analysis method.  Result: The analysis resulted in the four categories team spirit, frustration, lack of sense of responsibility and responsiveness, which mirrored the doctors’ experiences of acting as a phone support for specialist nurses on the ambulance. An underlying main message was identified as delicate trust. To be part of the team and act as a support and advisor for nurses working on the ambulance was perceived as positive, relevant and important. Good teamwork between the professions is required to guarantee patient safe care, and to obtain that, trust came through as a key factor. Conclusion: For the nurses to have an on call doctor that they can reach on the phone for support and advice was seen as a relevant system for the doctors, where they feel as a part of the prehospital team. In the continuous work for better teamwork, including good communication for safe care, it's important with common gatherings and training sessions to give the professions a chance to meet in person and gain a better understanding for each other’s roles, and enunciate common goals.

  • Zolufi, Zolufi
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    Lund, Maria
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    Utmaningar i implementering av Evidensbaserad praktik på ett SiS ungdomshem2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med vår studie var att belysa behandlares erfarenheter, upplevelser om implementering och användning av evidensbaserade metoder i behandling av ungdomar på en SiS-institution relaterat till kontextuella, organisatoriska och professionella villkor. Den metodologiska utgångspunkten var en hermeneutisk kvalitativ ansats med semistrukturerade intervjuer. En SiS- institution har besökts och sex behandlare på verksamheten har intervjuats. Resultatet analyserades med hjälp av implementeringsteorin OMRU av Logan och Graham. Studien visar att verksamheten omges av organisatoriska och strukturella faktorer som hämmar implementeringsprocessen. En faktor som hämmar behandlingsarbetet och implementeringsprocessen är att när det kommer till att införa ett nytt behandlingsprogram på institutionen har personalen inget inflytande alls över det. Ett annat element som är på organisatorisk nivå och som påverkar negativt behandlingsarbetet och implementeringsprocessen är att verksamheten saknar ett system för att utvärdera behandlingens effekt som erbjuds ungdomarna. Detta gör att de heller inte kan få någon respons på vad de behöver förstärka, bibehålla,förändra och utesluta i behandlingsarbetet. Faktorer som främjar behandlingsarbetet och implementeringsprocessen är bland annat att personalens professionella förhållningssätt samt att en positiv inställning från de äldre ungdomar som behandlas på institutionen smittar av sig på de andra ungdomarna. En av våra slutsatser är att implementeringsarbetet kräver mer kunskap om implementering och det är ledningen som brister och inte behandlarna.

  • Hilmersson, Matilda
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    Petersson, My
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    ANDT-undervisning måste integreras i vardagen: Ett arbete om ANDT-undervisningen i några utvalda skolor2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att belysa yrkesverksammas uppfattningar om och erfarenheter av hinder och möjligheter med ANDT-undervisningen på några högstadieskolor. Studien genomfördes med semistrukturerade kvalitativa intervjuer med yrkesverksamma som arbeta med eller i skola. Den teoretiska utgångspunkten som användes i studien var av hermeneutisk grund med ett inslag av Vygotskijs tankar om den proximala utvecklingszonen och de yrkesverksamma som läromästare. Resultatet i vår studie visar på att de yrkesverksamma upplever att ANDT- undervisningen behövs i skolorna, och att denna undervisning måste integreras i skolundervisningen och i vardagen. Slutsatser som kan dras av vår studie är att ANDT-undervisning behövs på alla skolor och i alla verksamheter som arbetar med barn och unga. Samt att ANDT-undervisningen behöver mer resurser och behöver få ta mer plats i undervisningen. Studien och dess resultat är intressant ur ett behandlingspedagogiskt perspektiv på grund av skolans viktiga roll för förebyggandet av substanser så som alkohol, narkotika, doping och tobak.

  • Andersson, Jimmi
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    Petersson, Ellen
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    ”De är lite knepiga att jobba med”: Sjukvårdpersonals attityder till personer med substansbrukssyndrom.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den här studien är att belysa sjukvårdspersonals erfarenheter av personer med substansbrukssyndrom, och vidare sjukvårdspersonals bemötande av och attityder till personer med substansbrukssyndrom. Alkohol- och drogrelaterade sjukdomar är vanliga inom sjukvården och tidigare forskning visar både på att personer med substansbrukssyndrom känner sig dåligt bemötta av vården och att sjukvårdspersonal spelar en stor roll när det kommer till personer med substansbrukssyndroms vilja att förändras. Studien vilar på socialkonstruktivismen som forskningstradition och till den empiriska datainsamingen användes kvalitativa, semistrukturerade intervjuer. Fem sjuksköterskor på olika avdelningar har intervjuats. Sjukvårdspersonalens attityder har diskuterats kring studiens teoretiska utgångspunkt Brickmans modell. Studien visar på att sjukvårdspersonalens attityder till personer med substansbrukssyndrom påverkas mycket av yttre faktorer som tids- och personalbrist, men också av bristen på utbildning och okunskap kring ämnet, vilket i sin tur påverkar deras bemötande och förmåga att kunna motivera personer med substansbrukssyndrom. Sjukvårdspersonalens attityder påverkas vidare av vår kulturs attityder och de attityder som råder specifikt inom sjukvården. En slutsats i studien är att det krävs mer utbildad personal inom substansbrukssyndrom, både för att de ska kunna uppmärksamma det och för att de ska kunna bemöta det.

  • Andersson, Emelie
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    Biverstrand, Thomas
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    Substitutionsbehandling: Mer än bara läkemedel2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syftar till att belysa yrkesverksammas tankar och erfarenheter gentemot substitutionsbehandling utifrån ett etiskt perspektiv. Den metodologiska utgångspunkten i studien är hermeneutiken, kvalitativ metod med semistrukturerade intervjuer. Sex stycken yrkesverksamma på LARO mottagningar intervjuades runt om i Sverige. De teoretiska utgångspunkterna i studien är konsekvensetiken och rättvisa begreppet och resultatet har analyserats utifrån dessa teorier. De viktigaste slutsatserna är att substitutionsbehandling är mer än bara läkemedel då det enbart är en del av det stora hela. Substitutionsbehandling gynnar såväl individerna i behandling som samhället genom att kriminaliteten minskar samt att hälsan förbättras för individer med ett opioidberoende. En annan slutsats är att revideringen av socialstyrelsens riktlinjer har visat sig att ge en god effekt i praktiken.

  • Andersson, Sandra
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    Ingvarsson, Ola
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    LARO-en tolkningsfråga?: En studie om hur sjuksköterskor på LARO-mottagningar tolkar och tillämpar Socialstyrelsens föreskrifter2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att undersöka hur professionella inom LARO tolkar och tillämpar Socialstyrelsens föreskrifter och allmänna råd om läkemedelsassisterad rehabilitering vid opioidberoende, och hur de professionella anser att detta påverkar behandling. Studien gjordes utefter en hermeneutisk ansats med kvalitativ karaktär, där semi-strukturerade intervjuer genomfördes med fem sjuksköterskor på LARO-mottagningar i södra Sverige. Detta gjordes utifrån Michael Lipskys teori Street-Level Bureaucracy, gräsrotsbyråkrati. Resultatet visar att Socialstyrelsens föreskrifter lämnar ett stort tolkningsutrymme och i sin tur ger de professionella ett stort handlingsutrymme gällande tillämpning. Skillnaderna kunde vara stora i hur de professionella tolkar och tillämpar Socialstyrelsens föreskrifter på de enskilda verksamheterna. De professionella kunde se svårigheter med hur de skulle arbeta utifrån Socialstyrelsens föreskrifter i praktiken, då de ansåg att Socialstyrelsens föreskrifter inte tydliggör hur de professionella ska tillämpa föreskrifterna. Vidare har Socialstyrelsens föreskrifter lättats upp vilket gjort att fler klienter fått tillgång till behandling, vilket även möjliggjort klientens möjligheter till en individanpassad behandling där de profes

  • Bengtsson, Emelie
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    Eriksson, Malin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    ”Vi dricker inte nu, men vi tror att vi kommer göra det”: En kvalitativ studie som belyser skolpersonals uppfattningar och erfarenheter med ANDT-undervisning.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna kvalitativa studie undersöker erfarenheter och upplevelser kring ANDT undervisning hos skolpersonal. Vidare skildrar studien svårigheter respektive möjligheter som skolpersonal upplever i samband med undervisningen. Studien genomfördes med en kvalitativ ansats utifrån en hermeneutisk forskningstradition och resultatet grundas på sex semistrukturerade intervjuer. Resultatet har tolkats utifrån Antonovsky´s salutogena synsätt och det centrala begreppet KASAM samt Björklunds tolkning av KASAM i ett skolperspektiv utifrån komponenterna begriplighet, hanterbarhet och meningsfullhet. Resultatet indikerar på att ANDT undervisning bedrivs på samtliga skolor men med varierande upplägg. Det framgår även av resultatet att lärare anser att interaktionen mellan eleverna är en betydelsefull komponent i undervisningen. En slutsats är att hade inte lärare upplevt den tidsbrist som förekommer inom deras yrke hade utveckling av ANDT undervisning haft möjlighet att bli mer omfattande. Detta genom att exempelvis skapa ett bättre samarbete mellan olika aktörer, mer involvering av föräldrar samt en mer ämnesövergripande undervisning.

     

  • Mörck, Amy
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    Talundzic, Joanna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    Barn till föräldrar med missbruksproblematik: Yrkesprofessionellas syn på möjligheter och svårigheter i det sociala arbetet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien syfte var att belysa vilka svårigheter och möjligheter yrkesprofessionella inom socialtjänsten upplever i sitt arbete och resultatet baseras på de yrkesprofessionellas egna erfarenheter. Målsättningen med denna studie var att fördjupa kunskapen och förståelsen kring dessa aspekter. Den valda metoden har en kvalitativ ansats och utgår från det hermeneutiska perspektivet. Datainsamlingen grundades på sex semistrukturerade intervjuer där undersökningspersonerna är verksamma inom socialtjänstens arbetsområde i två olika kommuner i södra Sverige. De teoretiska utgångspunkterna var risk- och skyddsfaktorer samt anknytningsteorin vilket också redogörs i studiens resultat och diskussion. En av studiens slutsatser var att det sociala arbetet är komplext och är i ständigt behov av att utvecklas. Skam, skuld och förnekelse var aspekter som de yrkesprofessionella kunde uppleva som svårigheter. Individuella  bedömningar, samverkan, relationsskapande samt information till andra aktörer kring upptäckandet av barn till föräldrar med missbruksproblematik var viktiga faktorer för  att kunna uppnå goda resultat i det sociala arbetet.

  • Petrache, Adriana
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    Arborelius, Axel
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    Kriminalvårdens arbete mot återfall i missbruk: en kvalitativ studie om risk- och skyddsfaktorer2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att belysa praktikers syn angående arbetet med att motverka återfall i missbruk inom Kriminalvården. Detta är gjort med kvalitativa, semistrukturerade intervjuer med praktiker inom programverksamheten gällande missbruk på anstalter och inom frivård. Teorin som använts i studien handlar om risk- och skyddsfaktorer. Vad som kan främja respektive hindra behandlingen och klientens/den intagnes möjligheter till förändring.

     

    Resultatet för studien visar bland annat att respondenterna ser motivation hos både klienten själv, behandlaren samt klientens omgivning som viktigt för förändringen. Det finns många nackdelar med att bedriva behandling på ett avskärmat område som en anstalt. Dock finns det även många fördelar med att bedriva behandlingen med tvång. Studiens slutsatser handlar bland annat om klienters förändringsprocesser och utifrån detta skulle man kunna koppla det till  ämnet pedagogik.

  • Glavovic, Dzemila
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    Breznica, Festina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    I skolans värld: En intervjustudie med specialpedagoger om deras arbete med elever med diagnosen Hyperaktivitetssyndrom med uppmärksamhetsstörning2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att genom intervjuer med specialpedagoger, belysa och analysera svårigheter och möjligheter som specialpedagoger på grundskolor återger när de berättar om sitt arbete med elever med diagnosen ADHD. Syftet var även att belysa och analysera hur specialpedagoger beskriver skolans samspel med vårdnadshavare. Studien utgår från en hermeneutisk forskningstradition och materialet grundas på semistruktuerade intervjuer. Dessa gjordes med fyra specialpedagoger som arbetar på fyra olika kommunala grundskolor i årskurs ett till nio i två olika kommuner. 

    I resultatet framgår det att samverkan mellan skola och vårdnadshavre är grundläggande för elever med diagnosen ADHD. Samspelet mellan skola och vårdnadshavare utökar struktur för barnet, vilket underlättar vardagen för elever. En slutsats som framkommer av studien är diagnosens betydelse i skola, för eleven och för vårdnadshavare.  Specialpedagogerna anser att diagnosen inte är betydande gällande insatserna i skolan, men underlättar arbetet med eleven och ger förståelse genom att en diagnos sätts. Diagnosens betydelse är individuell och varierande för elever och vårdnadshavare och kan vara bland det viktigaste till det oviktigaste.  Diagnosens betydelse för skolan beskrivs bland annat som ett hjälpmedel i arbetet med elever med diagnosen ADHD.

    Tolkning av resultatet har utgått från Bronfrenbrenners ekologiska modell. Utifrån tolkning av resultat visar det att påverkan och samspel föreligger i skolans arbete med elever med ADHD. Det är viktigt att ta hänsyn till alla nivåer i Bronfenbrenners ekologiska modell för att kunna beskriva problemet. Dessa olika nivåer, mikro, meso, makro och exo, samverkar med varandra, vilket framkommer i resultatet i denna studie.

  • Arvidsson, Frida
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Nyreformationens otroshjälte och Jesus: Om bakgrunden till, jesusbilden i och framgången för ”Bibelns lära om Kristus”, författad av Viktor Rydberg 18622017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay aims to investigate the contemporary context in which Bibelns lära om Kristus, authored by Viktor Rydberg in 1862, was written and received. By claiming the human nature of Christ, he evoked massive response. By performing a literal study, I have examined the 19th century society in Sweden; infrastructural alteration, the origin and spread of popular movements such as revivalism, liberalism and Enlightenment, to inquire in what way (if at all) Rydberg is to be considered influenced by their conceptions. The essay emanates from the assumption that the Lutheran reformation in the late 19th century experienced a revival in Sweden. This revival is to be called the new reformation. In my result and reflection, I have come to the conclusion that Viktor Rydberg did not in fact criticize his contemporary church to annihilate it. He was, apart from inspired by the liberal thought of individual, religious and political freedom, simply trying to alter it. The cause for his success is in this essay claimed to be three: the fact that he was the “perfect combination” of radical theology and political liberalism; that he played the role as a spiritual guide; and finally, that he, in the light of his earlier authorship, was by the Swedish nation perceived as a trustworthy authority.

  • Borrhed, Amanda
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    Hill, Malin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    "Vi räcker inte till": En kvalitativ studie om Elevhälsans förebyggande arbete för att elever i riskzon ska klara gymnasieskolan2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien syftar till att belysa elevhälsans upplevelser kring sitt uppdrag att förebygga skolmisslyckande hos ungdomar samt att analysera vilka faktorer som verkar skyddande för unga i riskzon. De metodologiska utgångspunkterna som ligger till grund för studien är en fenomenologisk kvalitativ ansats med semistrukturerade intervjuer. Studien har analyserats utifrån Urie Bronfenbrenners utvecklingsekologiska modell, vilken beskriver hur individen samverkar och utvecklas på mikro-, meso-, exo- och makrosystemet. Studien visar att det elevhälsan ser som mest adekvat för att gymnasieelever ska lyckas i skolan är goda relationer, både till skolpersonal men även till föräldrar och vänner, samt att de elever som har mycket frånvaro får det stöd som är lämpligt. Elevhälsan lyfter fram att  gott samarbete inom och utanför skolan är ett måste för att fånga upp elever i riskzon. En av våra pedagogiska implikationer är att elevhälsan ska utveckla förmågan att se den enskilda eleven och utveckla en förståelse för hur de olika systemen integrerar med individen för att på så sätt kunna främja skolframgångar.

  • Gunnarsson, Liselotte
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Arvidsson, Victoria
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskors upplevelser av kommunikation i traumateam- En kvalitativ intervjustudie2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Trauma care involves the care of seriously somatic injured patients. To care for these patients a multi-disciplinary team is gathered, which requires teamwork and good communication skills for a safe and structured care of the patient. Communication and the transmit of information comprise a risk in healthcare and the relationship between bad communication and lacking treatment results is widely documented. Trauma care is a stressful situation that put demands on the nurse at the emergency department, and means challenges to achieve an effective collaborative communication.

    Aim: The aim was to illustrate nurses´ experiences of communication in the trauma team.

    Method: The study was conducted with a qualitative approach, where semi-structured interviews were performed with 11 nurses working in two emergency departments. All the data was analyzed by the help of qualitative content analysis method.

    Result: Study results generated in a theme Team communication -and its complexity. The result is presented in three main categories: The challenges of collaborative communication, Structure- to relate to certain rules and The Communication affects the patient. The complexity of communication within the team depends on personal characteristics and how teamwork otherwise functions. The value of leadership is essential as well as a structured approach and how to relate to policies and routines. The communication quality affects the care process for the patient and can be improved by trauma training.   

    Conclusion: The study identifies the complexity of communication within the trauma team. Leadership and team interaction plays a crucial role for the outcome of the patient. It is of importance to communicate direct and clear. Lack of communication leads to impaired teamwork and adverse consequences for the patient safety. By trauma training, communication can be promoted and the nurses develop professional skills.

  • Österberg, Emma
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Cusaado, Jenny
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    "Jag får dåligt samvete": En kvalitativ intervjustudie om hur operationssjuksköterskor erfar att ta del av ny forskning2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Labba, Selina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Liljegren, Sanna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att skapa en vårdande relation med en vaken eller lätt sederad patient i respirator: en fokusgruppsstudie2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: In today's intensive care, patients who are mechanically ventilated are more often lightly sedated. Patients are deprived of their verbal communication and treated in an environment that they can find frightening. This puts greater demands on the nurse, in order to respond to the patient's psychosocial needs in a positive way and establish a caring relationship.

    Aim: To illuminate nurses’ experience of creating a caring relationship with an awake or lightly sedated patient undergoing mechanical ventilation in an intensive care unit.

    Method: A qualitative inductive design was used and data was collected with four focus groups, with a total of 14 female registered nurses with at least two years professional experience of intensive care. The study was conducted at three intensive care units in western Sweden. Data was analysed with a qualitative content analysis.  

    Result: Nurses' experience of creating a caring relationship with an awake or lightly sedated patient undergoing mechanical ventilation, was interpreted on the basis of the following themes to highlight the various factors that are of importance; communication in the meeting, to highlight the person behind the patient, the room of caring and when the relationship is complicated.

    Conclusion: Using communication to create a common understanding, to get to know the patient and orient the patient in the present, to provide care with respect and impart a sense of comfort, and finally strive to resolve any challenges that may arise along the way, were all key factors in creating a caring relationship. As future intensive care nurses, the authors consider that the study provides important insights into the problem area that may be useful in their future profession.

  • Eriksson, Jennie
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Ramsing, Annie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Intensivvårdssjuksköterskans upplevelser gällande sin kompetens kring donationsvården: En kvalitativ intervjustudie2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Organ donation and transplantation has made it possible to both save lives and also improve the quality of life for a large number of people. In recent years there has been a large gap between the need for organs and the availability of organ donors. Intensive care nurses have a responsibility to ensure that potential donors are identified and highlighted in the intensive care unit. Caring for a potential donor and meet relatives is a challenge and requires both knowledge and experience of intensive care nurses.

    Aim: To show how intensive care nurses perceive their expertise regarding the care of a donor and the hospitality of relatives during the donation process in the intensive care unit.

    Method: The study was conducted with a qualitative approach through semi-structured interviews with ten intensive care nurses. Data were analyzed using a qualitative latent content analysis.

    Results: It was important that the intensive care nurses responded to both the donor and family members in a professional manner, but also responding to donors with dignity and respect and to be sensitive and show empathy towards their families. They experienced difficulties when the donor's wishes are not known, the treatment was time-consuming, getting families to understand their loved one has died. Some intensive care nurses brought up a point of view which could increase the numbers of donations. All intensive care nurses felt that they had enough knowledge to take care of a donor but being up to date and training is always needed. Debriefing or conversation was also something else that was raised which most felt was important not to bring work home.

    Conclusion: The study identified deficiencies in the donation care but with more training and guidelines this could be improved. The study has also contributed to greater understanding and knowledge surrounding the donation process in intensive care unit. This is which the authors believed to be useful in their future profession as intensive care nurses, but also the results of the study can be useful to other intensive care unit in Sweden.

  • Svensson, Henric
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Biology and Environmental Science.
    Characterization, toxicity and treatment of wood leachate generated outdoors by the wood-based industry2014Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Wood is a natural raw material, and would hardly be considered a risk to the environment. However, the handling of wood materials on an industrial scale has been shown to have a negative impact on water bodies that run-off from industrial sites that process wood-based materials. Most investigations related to water pollution from wood-based industries have focused on large industrial sites such as pulp and paper mills. The goal of the present thesisis to understand better such environmental problems and treatment solutions that occur at most wood handling sites. Where there are large outdoor storage areas for logs and sawdust that are exposed to rainfall or irrigation, such as the wooden-floor and bio-energy sectors. Leachate generated by the contact of water with wood in storage areas contains a large amount of organic matter that is potentially hazardous to water bodies that receive run-off from the site.

    It has been found that different wood species yield different leachate compositions, with leachate from oak having the highest pollutants content, followed by leachate from pine. This investigation shows that oak has the potential to leach about 10 times the amount of polyphenols compared with other investigated species (i.e., pine, beech and maple). Furthermore, oak leachates have the lowest ratio of biological oxygen demand at 7 days tochemical oxygen demand (0.12), which suggests a potential problem with the biological degradation of this leachate. It has also been shown that leachate from wood are potentially toxic to aquatic organisms.

    Treatability studies with the aim of reducing the environmental impact of wood leachate were conducted on a pilot scale as part of the scope of this thesis. The results showed, among other options, the possibility of using constructed wetlands to treat leachate. It was found that plants and aeration can affect the performance of a wetland. However, the most important factor is the time water spends in the wetland. Filter material that could be used to absorb leachate was also studied. A filter consisting of a mixture of peat and ash (from incinerated organic matter), was used to absorb a specific chemical group (polyphenols) in the leachate. It was also shown that polyphenols are vulnerable to ozone, representing a third viable treatment process.

  • Skarp, Eddie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages.
    Enseigner et évaluer la compétence communicative en classe: Activités, évaluation et plan directif2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    When we teach a foreign language or in this case, French, in a class, we have to be aware of the different skills like communication, writing and reading whereas this study puts emphasis on the communicative skill. This skill can be more abstract than the rest of the skills since it consists of dialogues and discourses which don’t necessarily need to be written on a document.

    In this study we will try to reveal some applicable methods used by teachers to teach and improve students’ communicative skills at an upper secondary school in Sweden. The study also tries to find out how these teachers evaluate and grade this particular skill according to the syllabus and in what frequency the syllabus is used by the teachers as a tool in their teaching.

    The method used is a phenomenological study with a questionnaire consisting of qualitative questions in order to receive more accurate answers. Four teachers at an upper secondary school have been interviewed and the empirical data collected have been evaluated together with the theory chosen.

    The theory used in this study is a mixture of approaches for teaching a foreign language in schools. We have chosen approaches like code-switching, task-based learning, the communicative approach and a basic methodology of how to plan and evaluate the activities chosen. Lastly, we have been looking at the commentary section on the syllabus for foreign languages on stage 3 made by Skolverket (2011) in order to easier interpret the grading criteria in the syllabus.

    Briefly, the results showed that it is better to create smaller groups when teaching the communicative skill and that the advantageous tasks can consist of images to describe and genuine and adequate questions which concern the student’s personal life. This can generate that the students talk and express their thoughts more freely than with activities in larger groups and with display questions. 

  • Kraus, Anja
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    What do the things show us?: learning as displacement2016In: Culture, Biography & Lifelong Learning, ISSN 2384-3527, E-ISSN 2384-3748, Vol. 2, no 2, 17-30 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    “What do the things show us?” is the prototype of a question in pedagogical contexts, especially in the context of a conventional school lesson. Usually, there is supposed to be a definite answer to this question. This can be the case, when the thing in question is distinct and clear, easy to describe. Moreover, putting this question and expecting a definite answer can also be done with the intention of limiting the spectrum of possible answers. That may serve didactical purposes, or, the primary aim can be to stabilize the existing social power structures.

    However, if there are different concepts of the things in question, or these things are difficult to describe, the pole of the object is faced by diverse subjects perceiving one and the same thing differently. Then there is not only one answer to this question. What does this mean for didactics?

    In a setting of explorative learning one and the same thing can be investigated from different angles. Displacement is a didactical strategy of explorative learning. Then, the situational context of locations, things and discourses is taken into account in didactical regards: A fact or a thing changes its meaning and significance by being displaced and relocated into another material or discursive context. A certain thing (also word) thus can, like a motor and sensitive to different contexts of life and professional disciplines, sets going a materially founded and discoursively-symbolic process of interpretation.

  • Johansson, Nina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Ramirez Gonzalez, Jose Luis
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Anestesisjuksköterskans upplevelse av Traumalarm2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The severely injured trauma patient requires a multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary medical care on arrival to the emergency department. One of the nurse anaesthetists tasks is to participate in the care of trauma patients. This requires that the nurse anaesthetists can work in an adapted pace of work and be able to work interdisciplinary in a stressed environment. Red-trauma emergency increases the demand for nurse anaesthetist who shall hold in-depth medical and nursing skills in the care of trauma patients. Objective: The aim of this study was to illustrate the nurse anaesthetist experiences of taking part in red-trauma alarm. Method: The study had a qualitative approach and was answered by semi-structured interviews. The study included ten nurse anaesthetists from two middle large hospitals in southern Sweden. The data from the interviews were analyzed by using a qualitative latent content analysis. Results: Nurse anaesthetists in the study described an attraction to the acute care and a desire to deliver quality care. Trauma care perceived sometimes as challenging, especially if it was the most damaged, or if the patient was seriously injured. At the same time the nurse anaesthetists described a responsibility as being a resource for the team and a link to the patient during care. Structure and security were important factors in a successful team collaboration. So, that the work around the patient would be done in a systematic and patient safely, the nurse anaesthetists emphasize the importance of education in trauma care. Conclusion: The nurse anaesthetist attending in red-trauma emergency requires good knowledge in both trauma care as the ability to co-operation and communication. Communication and co-operation shown to usually work well, but when the deficiencies arose impacted negatively trauma care, which also included patient safety. The study have shown that the trauma leaders expertise have an essential role for a successful trauma-care.

  • Jansson, Stina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Wallin, Helena
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Vi vill men orkar inte: Sjuksköterskors beskrivningar av varför de slutar på akutmottagning – en kvalitativ studie2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: We want to, but do not have the strength: Nurses descriptions of why they quit their jobs in the emergency department – a qualitative study

    Background: In the emergency department advanced emergency care is performed which place high demands on nurses’ skills. In recent years, however, many nurses have chosen to leave the emergency medical care to begin work at another workplace in health care. This leads to the a decrease in the skills of remaining staff and the workload on emergency departments increases related to staff shortages.

    Aim: The aim of the study was to highlight working environment related reasons that makes nurses in the emergency department want to terminate their employment.

    Method: The study was conducted with a qualitative design with ten nurses that described their experiences through semi-structured individual interviews. The participants were all women active in different emergency departments in the southern half of Sweden. To analyze the data a qualitative content analysis was carried out.

    Results: Our results clearly indicated that nurses experienced the work in the emergency department as rewarding, whilst there were too many negative aspects in the form of, for example, lack of management support, the feeling of powerlessness and experience of affected health due to working environment related factors. The results are presented in three categories: Stimulating, Frustrating and Motivating, where the last category covers nurses own suggestions for improvement to help them have the strength to remain at work in the emergency department

    Conclusion: This study demonstrates that nurses enjoy working in the emergency department but working environmental factors affected their ability to remain in the workplace like stress, impact on their own health and the lack of support from the management affected their willingness to stay in the workplace. The work in the emergency department must be improved, for the most part it is the workplace management that need to develop their leadership to help the nurses achieve the feeling of being valued, involved and last but not least respected.

  • Gojkovic, Lejla
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Sternefält, Melinda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Vårdpersonalens uppfattning om deras närvaro i vård av äldre patienter med ångestproblematik: Inom vuxenpsykiatrisk heldygnsvård2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Ångest är en av de vanligaste diagnoserna hos äldre människor när det gäller psykisk

    ohälsa. Gruppen äldre ökar ständigt och det beräknas att inom en snar framtid är 25

    procent av alla invånare i Sverige 65 år och äldre. Detta gör att vi allt oftare möter

    denna patientgrupp inom psykiatrisk heldygnsvård. Det är av stor vikt att dessa patienter

    bemöts på ett sådant sätt att deras upplevelser och svårigheter får mer uppmärksamhet i

    syfte att minska lidande och eventuellt hitta adekvata behandlingar för ångesthantering.

    Syfte: Syftet med studien är att undersöka vårdpersonalens uppfattning av den fysiska

    och mentala närvaro i vården av äldre patienter med ångestproblematik, inom

    psykiatrisk heldygnsvård. Metod: Studien utformades som en kvalitativ studie. För

    studien användes semistrukturerade intervjuer. Fem sjuksköterskor och sju skötare som

    arbetar inom psykiatrisk heldygnsvård intervjuades. Insamlad data analyserades med

    kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Resultat: Att vara medveten i sig själv och att

    medvetandegöra sina brister, samt att vara ärlig mot sig själv visade sig var en viktig

    faktor för att visa sig närvarande. Vårdpersonalen menade att den fysiska närvaron i

    form av att bara finnas där, söka upp patienterna och erbjuda dem en samvaro, var

    värdefull i vården. Vidare betonades vikten av en mental närvaro, då personalen aktivt

    lyssnar på patienterna och på så sätt bekräftar närvaro. För att kunna erbjuda en sådan

    närvaro krävs, förutom tid och tålamod även att personalen är medveten i sig själv,

    medvetandegör sina brister, samt att vara ärlig mot sig själv. Slutsats: Kan

    vårdpersonalen arbeta med att medvetandegöra sina brister och våga vara ärliga mot

    varandra och prata om sitt mående, kan detta leda till bättre närvaro i patientarbetet.

    Dock behövs mer forskning dels inom äldreomsorgen men även ur ett patientperspektiv

    för att få en bredare bild om närvarons betydelse.

  • Fredenholm, Sofie
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Persson, Karin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskors upplevelser av hot och våld på akutmottagningar: En kvalitativ intervjustudie2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Threats and violence are common daily occurrences in any setting where a health care professional comes into contact with people, be it patients or their associates. Emergency departments (EDs) belong to one of the most exposed health care environments in terms of threats and violence against nurses. Lifeworld theory and victimology were used as theoretical frames of reference in order to establish a perception of how nurses working in EDs are exposed to, and affected by threats and violence. Only a handful of published studies examine nurses’ own experiences of threats and violence. Purpose: Was to examine how nurses working within EDs are affected by threats and violence. Method: A qualitative study was conducted based on an analysis of 12 semi-structured interviews with nurses, nine women and three men working in EDs at the time of the interview. For inclusion in the study the nurse needed at least one year experience working in an ED situated in the southern healthcare region of Sweden (including the counties of Skåne, Blekinge, southern Halland and Småland). Results: The results of the study are presented in five main categories: Definition of threats and violence, Exposure, Risk factors, Genus, and Measures taken when faced with threats and violence. Risk factors that may be the origin of their exposure to these experiences are, among others, lack of education and staffing, insufficient safety precautions, working alone and the patient’s physical and/or mental condition. Conclusion: ED nurses experience threats and violence as uncomfortable and fear-eliciting. This has a negative impact on their mental well-being as well as their overall work performance. The sensation of not being able to protect oneself in threatening and violent situations gives a sense of hopelessness and lack of control, both inside and outside of the workplace. To improve the working environment, extensive internal educational efforts are needed to educate ED nurses to cope with threats and violence.

  • Nygren, Jessica
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Foleby, Agnetha
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Intensivvårdssjuksköterskors upplevelser av att medverka vid traumalarm: En kvalitativ intervjustudie2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Intensive care nurses usually work in the intensive care unit where she will be able to

    provide advanced care in a high tech environment for seriously ill patients. Today it is

    becoming more common that intensive care nurses are involved in the trauma care in

    the emergency department. When the trauma patient arrives at the emergency room,

    which can be perceived as an unknown and insecure environment, the injured patient is

    in a vulnerable position and may experience a dependency on caregivers. If the

    intensive care nurses feel insecure and uncertain, this could affect the care of the trauma

    patient. The aim of the study was to examine critical care nurses experiences in

    participating in the traumateam at the emergency department at the trauma alarm. The

    study design was a qualitative approach in which semi-structured interviews were used

    to answer the purpose. The data was analyzed using a content analysis. Ten intensive

    care nurses were recruited from a medium-sized hospital in southern Sweden. The

    results of the study revealed three categories; Press, Insecurity and Security. Intensive

    care nurses experienced pressure from the team members as they felt there were

    expectations on managing their duties quickly and smoothly. They also set high

    standards for themselves. To be assigned the dual roles of the team could also be

    perceived as strenuous. Intensive care nurses experienced feelings of insecurity of

    working in an unknown environment in the emergency department and that the reduced

    frequency of trauma alarms created uncertainty in the situation. Clear leadership of the

    traumateam, however, could contribute to feelings of security and a sense of calm

    appeared in the emergency room. Regular routines where intensive care nurses have the

    opportunity to keep themselves updated in the environment of the emergency room and

    to participate in trauma exercises can increase their chances of security to ultimately

    improve the quality of care of trauma patients.

  • Ek, Sofia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Bernhardsson, Annika
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Anestesisjuksköterskans erfarenhet av det preoperativa omhändertagandet av barn: en intervjustudie2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: High demands meet the nurse Anaesthetist (NA) when seeing a child before anaesthesia. Many children are afraid, and the NA must have thought through strategies to reduce the risk of making the anaesthesia a frightful experience for the child. Parents are a great source of security for the children, and the NA must be able to communicate with them too.

    Aim: To illuminate the NA:s experience of the preoperative care of children.

    Method: A qualitative interview study where the interviews content was analysed by qualitative content analysis. The interviews were performed on three different hospitals in the southern of Sweden in the winter of 2017. Altogether 12 NA were interviewed, with a variation of professional experience.

    Result: There were five categories that emerged from the result: Environment, that describes the teamwork and the work climate in the operating room. The NA:s approach, how the NA meets the child and the challenges in children´s anaesthesia. Children´s participation which describes the cooperation or lack of cooperation between the child and the NA. Preparation there both the medical preparations, information and the preparation of the child before the day of the operation are included. The parent´s role, that describes how the parent´s behavior affects the children and the parent´s ability to handle unpleasant situations.

    Conclusion: The NA:s that were interviewed experienced their tasks during children´s anaesthesia as very challenging, but also as a source of joy and satisfaction. They appreciated the importance of an open communication with both children and parents as a way of decreasing their anxiety. The NA has a prominent role in the interaction with the operating room personnel, and great demands are put on social skills and humility.

  • Torkelsson, Martin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Organdonation: En normativ studie utifrån utilitarism och klassisk liberalism och deras applicerbarhet på svensk lagstiftning2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is twofold. Firstly, it makes a normative idea analysis concerning organ donation, by comparing the perspectives of utilitarianism and classical liberalism. Secondly, it applies these perspectives on the Swedish legislation, in order to understand it in a political philosophical view. As a theoretical framework, the paper uses the two perspectives´ overarching ethical standpoints, but also try to discern their views on four - for the topic -appropriate concepts, these being the concepts of liberty, consent and self-ownership. These are then bundled together into two so-called ”ideal types”, to use for making normative statements about what the most morally right legislation would be concerning organ donation.

    In utilitarianism, an agent-neutral overall happiness is at the forefront, which leads it to prioritize an increase in donations over the autonomy of the individual. This makes the case for a conscription of organs or the softer notion of an opt-out system. Classical liberalism focus more on the right to self-ownership and negative liberty, and therefore argue for an opt-in system, which requires the explicit consent of the individual. Lastly, the paper makes the claim that the Swedish legislation falls in a category inbetween the normative judgements of the two perspectives, as it prescribes an opt-out system, but reserves the right of the family to refuse a donation, in case the deceased had not made a choice ante mortem.    

  • Emrin, Karin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Chemistry and Biomedical Sciences.
    Effekten av farmaceutiska läkemedelsgenomgångar hos multimedicinerade äldre patienter2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The population of elderly people in Sweden is increasing and old patient have higher risk of suffering from diseases that require treatment. Physiological changes and multi-medication increase the risk of drug-related problems. The medication reviews can detect, correct and prevent drug-related problems which will improve the safety and quality in the drug treatment. Medication reviews are mainly conducted by physicians in health care. However, with the expertise of pharmacists as a part of the health care team, benefits such as lower drug costs and better quality of life can be seen.

    The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of pharmacist-led medication review at multi-medicated elderly patient.

    This study was a literature study and the articles were collected from PubMed. A total of five studies were reviewed.

    The pharmacutical medication review of the multi-medicated elderly people were conducted at community pharmacies in Netherlands and Schwitzerland in three of the studies and two of them were conducted within the Swedish primary health care. The results from the pharmacutical medical reviews revealed 1,2 to 4,1 drug-related problems/patient. The most common problems were ’over-treatment, ’non-compliance’, ’expired indication’, ’unnecessary therapy’ and ’adverse drug effect’. The most common intervention the pharmacist suggested, in all of the studies, was to stop the treatment. Implemented interventions were reported in varying implementation rate in four of the studies, from 3,9% to 56%. Two of the studies reported a reduction of drug-related problems/patient. From 4,1 to 3,3 drug-related problems/patient and from 1,7 to 1,3 drug-related problems/patient.

    The analyzes of the studies show that pharmacist-led medication reviews at community pharmacies and in the primary health care can reduce the number of drug-related problems. Not all of the studies presented results of drug-related problem/patient after the pharmacist´s proposed intervention. However, the results of implemented interventions indicate that pharmaceutical medication reviews have a positive effect for multi-medicated patients. In order to decrease the number of drug-related problems in elderly patients, more knowledge with regard to pharmaceutical treatment of elderly as well as better cooperation between helthcare and pharmacies is required. 

  • Zahirovic, Berina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Sveriges integrationspolitik och dess utmaningar- en diskursiv analys kring integrationspolitiska debatten i Sverige2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to analyse how the discourse of problems in integration looks in the political debate in Sweden, over a certain period of time. To understand the difficulties and challenges within the integration policy, we apply a perspective where the focus is on highlighting how the problems in integration are portrayed in discourse but also what is problematized and the issues that are not mentioned as well in the discourse.

    The study is conducted with the help of discourse analysis where the issues’ starting point in the study's analysis are based on Carol Bacchi's "What's the problem represented to be?" - approach.

    Despite the many positive aspects of Swedish integration policy, many shortcomings and flaws are shown as well. The main conclusion and even the pattern in this analysis regarding the political discourse of integration policies during this period, show that country was characterized by the discussion on the integration policy’s unclear objectives and insufficiently shared responsibilities that are recurrent in the discourse. The analysis is basically pointing out that the founding general integration policy’s objectives can only be realized if and when we succeed with the organizational, social, economic and political challenges of society. This means a long process of work is due on the challenges that are deeply rooted in society.

     

    Keywords: integration, Bacchi, representation of problems

    Nyckelord: integration, Bacchi, problemrepresentationer

  • Holm, Elin
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Sari, Sara
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Kulturell Mångfald: Att leda olikheter: En kvalitativ studie om ledarskapets roll för mångfaldsarbete2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Bachelor Thesis in Business Administration III - Organization & Leadership 15 hp

    School of Economics at Linnaeus University of Kalmar

    Title: Cultural diversity: To lead differences - A qualitative study about the role of leadership in  workforce diversity

    Purpose: The purpose of the study is to contribute to an enhanced understanding for how cultural diversity within organizations can be utilized as a resource by leaders. The purpose is to also create an understanding for the different factors that can affect how cultural diversity is managed and how leadership can be used as a tool for positive outcomes in diversity.

    Methodology: A qualitative method has been used with an inductive approach. Three case studies were implemented, two were conducted in two Swedish universities and one was conducted in a public consulting company. The case studies had an amount of six people in total that were interviewed.

    Conclusion:Leadership should be situational because cultural diversity within an organization mean a great deal of changes and differences. Cultural diversity can therefore rather be a hindrance than a resource if the leader doesn’t know how to work with and manage the diversity that exists. The leader needs tools in order to work with diversity and it can be obtained through different ways, such as; educations, practical seminars or meetings where communication and diversity is discussed. Diversity can and should be managed in different ways depending on organization, it has to be done continuously and on different levels. An active working process is therefore needed from the leaders of the organization in order to create and maintain a consciousness around the cultural diversity of the organization and hence see diversity as a longterm investment.

  • Holtorf, Cornelius
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    The Heritage of Rupture: [ Review of Patina: A Profane Archaeology. Shannon Lee Dawdy, The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL, 2016 & Constructing Destruction: Heritage Narratives in the Tsunami City. Trinidad Rico, Routledge, New York, NY, 2016 ]2017In: Historical Archaeology, ISSN 0440-9213, E-ISSN 2328-1103, 1-3 p.Article, book review (Other academic)
  • Sjögren, Agnes
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Svenska kyrkan 1986 och 2016: En studie kring Svenska kyrkans missale 1986 samt kyrkohandboksförslaget för 20162017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Church of Sweden has, under the past few years, had a special focus on their Church-handbook of 1986. There has been a widely-discussed debate among the different congregations in Sweden if, and when, their Church-handbook should be exchanged for a new Church-handbook. But, is there also a risk of a change in liturgy and theology?

    In this essay, I have been able to identify both similarities and differences in the Church-handbook of 1986 and the Proposal of 2016. In the Church-handbook of 1986 there is a focus on "We" and in the Proposal of 2016 there have been a significant change to focus on "World-wide". This focuses on both "We" and "World-wide", are a direct connection to the ecclesiology that were in question of the publication of the Church-handbooks. So which path shall Curch of Sweden take 2017?

    Shall they continue with the Church-handbook of 1986 and keep a well-known liturgy or take the Proposal of 2016 into consideration? During the "trial-run" which follow every Proposal that the Church of Sweden publishes, members of congregations all around Sweden, has shown a reluctance towards the Proposal of 2016. They have shown that it's a Proposal that has not taken into consideration, the very importance of recognition and that not all of those that visits the different churches in Sween, are familiar with the liturgy. 

    Therefore, they claim, the Church of Sweden shall not have the Proposal of 2016 as their primarily used Church-handbook, but they can take into consideration to use it as an edition to the Church-handbook of 1986. 

  • Svensson, Peter
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Swedish Language.
    Ordförrådsutveckling vid digitalt spelande: En pilotstudie av Sweet City som undervisningsmoment ur ett andraspråksperspektiv2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study, in the research field of Swedish as a second language, is to investigate whether a connection between form and meaning is established in the pupils’ receptive vocabulary when they play the video game Sweet City in pairs. Two subsidiary purposes are to see whether the use of language scaffolding in the video game affects an vocabulary acquisition and how the situation around the vocabulary tests worked out. The vocabulary change was measured through a pre-test and an instant after-test, hence the focus on the connection between form and meaning. The method was based on Schmitts’ (2010) principles of testing vocabulary change. Because the group was small, with only nine participants, a more qualitative approach was necessary and a discrepancy framework was developed and used to rule out participants’ guessing of target words. The findings show that seven of nine participants had an increase of two to four new words in the connection between form and meaning. Further, the results hint that a use of the video game’s language scaffolding gives a positive effect if used extensively. The discrepancy framework further showed that some participants had guessed extensively in the vocabulary tests, which could have been an effect of a long day of material collection and a desire to get a higher test result.

  • Agiorgitis, Georgios
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Bennani, Mohamed
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Drakoularakos, Mixalis
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    McConnon, Paul John
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Digital Wall: The University’s learning and information space2017Student paper other, 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A North American university is engaged in a large transformation project involving the wholeorganisation. Students, Lecturers, departments and additional questions from the shared leadership team are engaging in defining the services offered, in particular from the university library and its associated sub-services. It is an exciting time for the University as it seeks to not only define its services but also how these can be created and consumed.There are many aspects to this re-organisation and many items to be addressed. In this report,we look at the current situation at the University, as well as taking into account the aspirations of the stakeholders. We start by drawing out a Rich Picture, part of Soft System Methodology (SSM) (Checkland, 1981) which we use in order to spot opportunities that are available for further exploration. Much of the information that we use comes from material supplied by the University itself as well as interviews with the Head of Library services and Head of Library IT. We look indepth at how SSM assists in this process of evaluation through its focus on participation and how it may assist us to understand the many different perspectives collected in our research. SSM consequently assists in defining problems with solutions to any areas that have drawn our attention. Following the evaluation of collected data, discussions and our own observations, we identify that a digital wall that is being proposed for the redesigned library presents an opportunity to explore possibilities for exploitation of this technology. Further research on other digital walls such as Brisbane’s Cube (Abdi et al, 2014), and Auraria Library’s Discovery Wall(Burch, 2016) shows some of the uses that these walls have been put to and how the Institutions use them. We then use a number of models to evaluate the data that we collected on digital walls and from the North American University and analyse it in order to inform our thinking. These models can be used independently or collectively to evaluate data from different perspectives. As such we were able to look at problems and solutions from the perspective of many of the actors involved in shaping the future library services. These models and results are discussed in the report. Finally, we take our results and make a number of proposals for the North American University digital wall along with the relevant justifications at the end of this report.

  • Brunow, Dagmar
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature.
    Curating Access to Audiovisual Heritage: Cultural Memory and Diversity in European Film Archives2017In: Image [&] Narrative, ISSN 1780-678X, E-ISSN 1780-678X, Vol. 18, no 1, 97-110 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Archives, just like museums or libraries, are agents which contribute to the creation of our cultural memory. Inextricably linked to the notion of cultural heritage, they highlight some narratives, while sidelining or excluding others. Therefore it is important to critically reflect on the question “whose heritage” (Stuart Hall) is created in the process of archiving. This article looks at the politics of creating access to audiovisual heritage in European film archives via online video streaming opportunities. Examining audiovisual archives as agents in the construction of transnational memories, my research aims to provide new ways of reflecting on diversity practices in archival selection. As case study, this article examines the archival politics of the national film archives in Sweden, especially the way archivists are curating the site Filmarkivet.se.

  • Chahrour, Lajal
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Friberg, Jessica
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Svårigheten med att bryta mönster: En kvalitativ studie om före detta kriminellas livsstilsförändring2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Our study is about how individuals leave their old lifestyle of criminals to be con-criminals. Which results in this question – How can we understand the process which entails to a successful lifestyle change? To get a deeper understanding about the turn-out of the process have we been taking help by four theories, Hirschi, Tilly, Granovetter and Ebaugh. Hirschi’s theory answer the following question “Why don’t people break the law?” This question answers which factors that separates criminals and non-criminals from each other. Tilly’s theory is formed to answer the inequalities origin, development and how it’s constantly reproducing itself. Through this we get an understanding of why it’s difficult to leave a network and through that, we understand which mechanisms binds an individual to a network. By knowing this we can revaluate the knowledge and therefore answer the question which mechanisms are necessary in the network of binding the individual. Granovetter’s network-theory explains how the social relationships may have an impact on the results of the lifestyle change. Ebaugh’s stage-theory about role exit explains how a process against a changed lifestyle seems. The result that we have concluded, through collected empiricism from 10 con-criminals, have different components from mainly the three latter theories. We have been taking help of Hirschi’s theory to understand Granovetter’s network-theory, regarding how a tie develops to a stronger tie. The results that appeared after the interviews from our informants from KRIS (Kriminellas Revansch I Samhället), were that their lifestyle change emerged as a result after an episode in their life made them doubt their own life-situation and lifestyle. Those events were often connected to bad health or to relationships that didn’t have the same value as the previous ones. These events contribute that the individual starts to doubt and search for alternatives paths. To our informants have KRIS been the alternative path and through combining Tilly’sand Granovetter’s theories, we can be able to understand why and how our informants are successful with their lifestyle change. Thanks to our interviews with our informants we can find common factors, even if they came from different contexts, and through components from the different theories we can create us an analysis model that explains a successful lifestyle change.

  • Lundqvist, Ola
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Ekholm, Malin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Prehospitala venprover förkortar väntetiden på akutmottagningen: En kvantitativ studie om lågprioriterade patienter som anländer med ambulans till akutmottagningen2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

     

    Introduktion: Väntetiderna ökar på landets akutmottagningar och i och med det ökar patientriskerna. Förbättringsarbete som syftar till skapa en obruten vårdkedja kan i sin tur leda till minskade väntetider för patienten.

    Problemområde: Syftet med studien var att undersöka om prehospital venprovstagning har betydelse för väntetiderna på akutmottagningen för enligt RETTS (Rapid Emergency Triage and Treatment System) grön- och gulprioriterade patienter som anländer med ambulans.  

    Metod: I föreliggande studie med kvantitativ ansats granskades journaldata där 364 patienter inkluderades under tidsperioden 16-08-01 till 16-12-31. Deltagarna i studien var enligt RETTS grön- och gulprioriterade patienter som anlände till akutmottagningen med ambulans. Två grupper med patienter där prehospital venprovtagning utförts respektive inte utförts studerades avseende total tid på akutmottagningen. Tiden på akutmottagningen anges som medeltid plus/minus standardavvikelse och de undersökta gruppernas tid på akutmottagningen jämfördes med t-test.

    Resultat: Studien visade på en signifikant minskning (p=0,005) av den totala tiden på akutmottagningen för de patienter som fått prehospital venprovtagning. Väntetiden var knappt 4 ½ timme i gemomsnitt för gruppen med prehospital venprovtagning medan kontrollgruppens väntetid låg på drygt 5 timmar.

    Klinisk slutsats: Den minskade väntetiden innebär att liknade förbättringsarbete kan införas vid fler verksamheter.

    Nyckelord: Akutmottagning, förbättringsarbete, patientsäkerhet, prehospital venprovtagning, väntetider

  • Fonseca, Lars
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    Lämplighetsprövning inför antagning till lärarutbildning och några andra jämförbara professionsutbildningar: Översikten sammanställd på uppdrag av Universitets- och Högskolerådet (UHR)2017Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Ökande krav och ökande komplexitet i utbildningssystem över hela världen innebär nya utmaningar. Ett sätt att möta utmaningar i form av lärarbrist och allmän skolkritik är att utbilda flera lärare med de rätta kvaliteterna. Lämplighetsprövningar inför antagning till lärarutbildning används i flera länder som en kvalitetssäkring både som en följd av politiska reformer och utifrån internt kvalitetsarbete i lärarutbildningar.

    Forskning kring lämplighetsantagning har sitt ursprung i framförallt Nordamerika men en del studier kommer också ifrån Europa. Många studier är framförallt beskrivande och påfallande få studier följer upp lärarkvalitet efter lämplighetsantagning.

    I forskningen redovisas en betydande enighet i vilka lärarkvaliteter som anses värdefulla. I de flesta lämplighetsprövningar inför antagning till lärarutbildning fokuseras förmågor till muntlig och skriftlig kommunikation, socialt interaktiv förmåga, ledarskapsförmåga och motivation.

    Metoderna för att genomföra urvalsbedömningar är mångskiftande. En kombination av stegvisa delprov där sökandegruppen succesivt minskas är vanlig, liksom att resurskrävande delprov avslutar antagningsprocessen. Vanliga metoder för lämplighetsprövning är essäskrivande, självbiografier, gruppövningar, referensbrev och personliga intervjuer.

    I de studier där sökandes resultat från antagningsbedömningar har följts upp är resultaten inte entydiga. Betyg från tidigare utbildningar anses generellt kunna prognosticera framgång i utbildningars teoretiska delar. En handfull uppföljande studier av lämplighetsantagna studenters prestationer under utbildningspraktik indikerar att resultat från lämplighetsprövning, i grova drag, kan förutsäga framgång i utbildningspraktik. Studier med uppföljning även efter avslutad utbildning är så få att inga slutsatser kan dras.

    I flera länder pågår sedan ett trettiotal år tillbaka diskussioner om hur skolelever skall få tillgång till ett bredare spektrum av lärarrollmodeller. Resultat från studier om eventuella diskriminerande effekter av lämplighetsantagning i förhållande till antagning via betyg eller högskoleprov är mångskiftande. I vissa studier beskrivs framgångsrika försök att bredda rekryteringsbasen via lämplighetsantagning. I andra studier beskrivs inslag i lämplighetsbedömning som svårhanterliga för vissa grupper av sökande till lärarutbildning.

    Kostnaderna för antagning med lämplighetsprov beskrivs genomgående att vara höga, framförallt om individuella intervjuer ingår. Studier av kostnadseffektivitet finner att besparingar kan göras genom en antagningsprocess i flera steg med intervjuer som sista delprov eller genom att intervjuerna byts ut emot gruppövningar eller självbiografiska essäer.

    Resultat från studier kring lämplighetsantagning till jämförbara professionsutbildningar skiljer sig inte nämnvärt från motsvarande studier med fokus på lärarutbildningar.

  • Mårtensson, Amanda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Chemistry and Biomedical Sciences.
    D-vitamintillskott som en kortsiktig behandling mot hjärtsvikt orsakad av hypertoni eller kardiohypertrofi.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Heart disease is the leading cause of death among people in the northern countries. It is also very common with vitamin D deficiency. The geographical position affects the availability of UVB radiation and people avoid sunlight because of the risk of getting malign melanoma and other types of skin cancer. New research have shown that vitamin D is very important for us and vitamin D deficiency may play a role in many diseases such as depression, infection, autoimmune and cardiovascular diseases. This particular subject is still unexplored and more research have to be done to investigate vitamin D role in these diseases. The Vitamin D recommended dose have been questioned for many years and the agencies have been raising the recommended dose and is still investigating the subject.

    Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate if vitamin D supplements may decrease the risk of heart failure (HF).

    Methods: This bachelor thesis is a literature review. Article search is made in the database PubMed in February 2017 by using the keywords “vitamin D/heart disease/heart failure”. Inclusion criteria were clinical, controlled, randomized trials on human and observation studies, written in English. 

    Results: Six studies were chosen for this bachelor thesis, three of the studies are clinical randomized and three of the studies are observation studies. The doses given in the clinical studies varies between 100-400 g/daily. The clinical studies did find some statistic significant reduced effect comparing baseline with after treatment with vitamin D in the systolic blood pressure, aldosterone, PTH, EF%, CRP and BNP. The observation studies did find a correlation between vitamin D deficiency and a decreased risk getting hypertension and cardio hypertrophy. They also observed that vitamin D deficiency was common in HF patients. The observation studies also found that vitamin D deficiency is an independent predictor of increased mortality in patients with HF.    

    Conclusion: In the clinical studies the population was small and the time for the treatment was highly limited only 4 or 6 months. The treatment dose of Vitamin D was not a standard dose because it varied between the studies which made it hard to compare the results. The observation studies have its known limitations. It is hard to tell if patients with HF have vitamin D deficiency because they spend more time inside than healthy people. May the sickness cause some reaction in the body that leading to vitamin D deficiency or does vitamin D deficiency cause HF. Because lack of good quality in these six studies they have failed to show convincing results and correlation between vitamin D deficiency and HF. It is necessary with larger controlled, study over long time, randomized trials to investigate whether vitamin D deficiency can cause heart failure. More research has to be done.

  • Al-musawi, Ibtisam
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Fem irakiska föräldrars uppfattningar av den svenska förskolan2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien beskriver fem föräldrars uppfattningar om den svenska förskolan. Jag har använt mig av en fenomenografisk metodansats och samlat data genom semistrukturerade intervjuer. Alla intervjupersoner var kvinnor (mammor).

    I studiens resultat har det blivit tydligt att föräldrarna har upplevt svårigheter att förstå förskolans uppdrag och hur förskolan fungerar i Sverige, men med olika resurser som de fick såsom en tolk eller en pedagog med arabisk bakgrund, kunde de ändå klara av kontakten med förskolan. Utifrån föräldrarnas berättelser har det dykt upp flera berättelser och uppfattningar av den svenska förskolan när det gäller barnomsorg, lärande och utveckling, avgifter, kvalitè i förskolan, olika former av föräldrasamverkan, föräldrars delaktighet och inflytande. Resultatet visar att föräldrarna uppfattar omsorg som att det handlar om förskolepersonalens bemötande och barns trygghet och trivsel i förskolan. Föräldrarna berättar att deras barn trivs på förskolan och bemöts precis som de ska. Barns utveckling och lärande uppfattas som en viktig del i förskolans arbete, och detta märks genom att barnen har lärt sig svenska språket och blivit självständiga. Dessutom uppskattar föräldrarna de olika typer av föräldrasamverkan som erbjuds i den svenska förskolan, såsom utvecklingssamtal, inskolningssamtal, föräldramöte, dagliga kontakter och andra sammankomster. Den svenska förskolan uppfattas enligt de fem föräldrana som ett stöd för familjerna och alla de fem är glada över att deras barn får chans till utbildning i förskolan. Föräldrarna anser också att förskolan kompletterar hemmet och inte är bara en plats barn vistas i medan föräldrar arbetar. I analysen har resultatet tolkats i förhållande till relevant forskning, och andra refernser som presenterats i bakgrunden, och kopplats till studiens frågeställningar.

  • Olsson, Athena-Stephanie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Intervjuer med fritidspersonal om mobbning och hantering2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essays title in English: After-school centre staffs views regarding bullying and how it can be handled.