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  • Dhafer, Yasir
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Utveckling och dimensionering av ett fäste till en mobil tvättanläggning2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Professionella tvättmaskiner ger upphov till dynamiska krafter som uppstår vid centrifugering. När dessa maskiner används på en släpvagn kan dessa stora krafter skada underlaget. För att undvika skador på släpvagnens underlag så är det viktigt att fördela och dämpa dessa krafter. Genom att konstruera ett fäste som innehåller något dämpningselement kan man dämpa och fördela dessa krafter. På uppdrag av Linneuniversitetet i Växjö och med samlad information från företaget Electorlux Wascator i Ljungby genomfördes detta arbete. Arbetets syfte är att få fram en fungerande produkt som säkerställer användningen av tvättmaskiner på en släpvagn utan att underlaget tar skada. Med hjälp av produktutvecklingsprocessen utvecklades ett fäste som har som en uppgift att fördela de stora krafterna som uppstår vid centrifugering. Fästet består av två balkar, varje balk består av två L-profiler som är ihopkopplade med en fackverkskonstruktion. Fästet är gjort av aluminium som har beteckningen SS6082 T6. Fyra stycken gummidämpare valdes för att sitta under varje infästningspunkt från tvättmaskinen till fästet.

  • Andersson, Jonas
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Forestry and Wood Technology.
    Föryngring med tallsådd- ett underskattat alternativ?2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate the attitudes of forest owners to direct sowing of pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) and also why so few have used the method. The study also aimed to identify reasons for forest owners to use or not to use the method. A questionnaire was sent to 240 non-industrial private forest owners (NIPFs) all over Sweden. As a complement, interviews were performed with forest companies from the north and middle parts of Sweden. The results showed that 15 % of the NIPFs respond that they had used the method direct sowing of pine at some occasion in the past. No forest owner origination from Götaland had used the method though. It was more common among those who owned a forest property of 100 hectares or more than among those who owned 49 hectares or less. Most of those who had used direct sowing in the past were satisfied with the outcome of the regeneration, 92 %, and 73 % were willing to use the method again. They also showed a more positive attitude to direct sowing, 86 %, compared to those who had not tried the method, where 23 % were positive and 69 % were neither positive nor negative. The main reason for not have used the method showed to be that the NIPFs answering this questionnaire had not thought about it. Of the companies interviewed in this study, Sveaskog and Holmen were the ones that have used direct sowing the most: Sveaskog sow 27 % of the yearly pine regeneration area and Holmen just over 20 % of the yearly pine regeneration area, including lodge pole pine (Pinus contorta Douglas ex Loudon). The main reason to why the companies have used direct sowing was that they consider the method cost effective. The also appreciate that the method results in a lot of stems per hectare which has been positive in areas where browsing is a problem. The results from the questionnaire showed that those had sown pine in the past tended to have a more positive attitude to the method than the forest owner that had not sown. This indicates that they have had a positive experience of the method. Nearly half of those who had not sown had neither a positive nor a negative attitude to it. One possible reason for it is that they had no experience of the method and therefore no opinion. Direct sowing works well to combine with other methods and can be adapted to different conditions. In a time when damage from browsing can cause big problems to regenerations of pine, sowing could be an important tool in the toolbox.

  • Schyman, Anna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Forestry and Wood Technology.
    Photosynthesis response to temperatures – A study of fertilized and unfertilized Picea abies : Fotosyntes i respons till temperatur – En studie av gödslad och ogödslad Picea abies 2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The effect climate change has on forest trees is a large scaled topic. It is to believe that one of the largest threat to the environment today is global warming (IPPC, 2007). The use of fossil fuels seems to be the big threat with its greenhouse gas (GHG) emission and therefore forest is of interest. Forest contributes in several ways. Forest trees work as a renewable source of numerus materials and as it takes up CO

    2 from the greenhouse gasses it gives us oxygen (O2). The important process of photosynthesis, to able production of more trees and creation of more forests, tells us the vitality of understanding the tree physiology to the fullest. The response of photosynthesis to temperature is a central facet of trees’ response to climate change. With its photosynthesis plants play a large role in the carbon cycle as they store the hazardous carbon dioxide helping us humans to deal with problems directly linked to climatic change and in the same time they build up biomass that can be used as a renewable source. To understand, and to find the key, how plants can achieve optimum potential of photosynthesis several observations were made using plant material from fertilized and unfertilized Picea abies. Well acknowledged leaf gas exchange measurements were used to see the limitations of photosynthesis, observing the net CO2 uptake rate (Anet), the maximum Rubisco carboxylation (Vcmax), maximum rate of electron transport for regeneration of RuBP (Jmax) and their unique response to temperatures. For three days observations were conducted at the Slu Asa field research station in Lammhult, Sweden. In addition to gas exchange measurements, nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and chlorophyll content was measured in needles of the fertilized and unfertilized P. abies to see if the content somehow made an impact on photosynthetic parameters and the influence nutrients might have on the specific leaf area (SLA). Results from the observations showed that optimum temperature for photosynthesis varies to be by fertilized 22°C and unfertilized 19°C. The net photosynthetic rate responded to the influence by added fertilizers to almost a double, 9.10 μmol m−2 sec−1 than of the unfertilized, 5.36 μmol m−2 sec−1. These results indicate that a fertilized P. abies has a greater potency to capture carbon than of an unfertilized P. abies. The result also reveals the future prospect of adding fertilizer to a P. abies as a potential of growth in biomass as well as a carbon sink when atmospheric CO2 levels rise. There were no great differences in the behaviour between Vcmax and Jmax to the added or non-added fertilized P. abies. Perhaps the fact that given fertilizer contained both nitrogen and phosphorous could have in their combinations influenced the sensitivity of the relationship between them two and therefore also the result. The presence of N and P in the fertilized P. abies affected the concentration of chlorophyll positively, paving the way for photosynthesis, accumulated biomass and possibly for trees defence against abiotic stress factors.

  • Dahlén, Vilhelm
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Forestry and Wood Technology.
    Gödslings- och röjningseffekt på diameter och höjdutveckling i en fågelbärsplantering i Nybro kommun2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Fågelbär räknas som ett av ädellövträden. Mot slutet av 1980-talet så började fågelbär planteras som virkesproduktionsträd i Sverige. Aktuell rapport bygger på en studie kring vilken effektgödsling och röjning har på fågelbärs höjdutveckling, diametertillväxt, antal kvist och kvistgrovleken. Mätresultaten samlades in mars-april 2018 från ett fågelbärsförsök lokaliserat i Nybro kommun, Småland. Vid analys av mätresultaten så gick det inte finna någon signifikant effekt av gödslingen på fågelbären. När effekten av röjningsåtgärderna studerades så gick det att finna en tydlig effekt på fågelbärens höjdtillväxt, diametertillväxt och högre antal kvist på stammen upp till två meter. Någon signifikant effekt på grövsta kvist upp till två meter på stammen gick dock inte att finna. Slutsatser som drogs av resultaten var att det inte gick finna stöd för att den genomförda gödslings åtgärden har någon effekt på volymproduktionen för fågelbär. Däremot gick det att finna stöd för att röjningsåtgärder har en betydande effekt på både höjd- och diametertillväxten för fågelbär. Naturligt föryngrad björk och asp växer dock snabbare än fågelbär.

  • Proper, Britt
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Forestry and Wood Technology.
    Effekt av markberedning, gödsling och planttyp för granplantors överlevnad och tillväxt2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Celil, Sinan
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Ahnfeldt, Philip
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Konstruktionsutformning av moduler i korslimmat trä2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A three storey tall building was used as a reference object in this project and dimensioned with a starting point from timber frame modular constructions. Wall and floor dimensions are calculated and drawn. Methods for attachment and lifting of modules are examined through interviews and are, when possible, applied for the CLT modules.

    The purpose of this project was to design CLT modules intended for residential use. The goal of the design was that it can be used in similar buildings.

    The calculations showed that the fire requirements were the decisive factor when deciding the thickness of the walls and floors. Attachments between different building parts can be designed similarly in both timber frame modules and CLT modules. The method of using angle irons and nail plates is possible for both timber frame and CLT. The lifting of the modules can to some extent be executed similarly for the two frameworks.

  • El-Homsi, Patric
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Fredrik, Bramstedt
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Energikartläggning av ett bostadshus från 20162018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The building in this survey was completed in October 2016 and is located at Kvarnvägen 31 in Gemla. The purpose of the study is to map the energy consumption and determine whether the installation of solar collectors is beneficial or not. The goal is to map the energy use in the building, report improvement measures and analyse the technical installations.

    The qualitative methods consisted of a study visit, site visits, review of drawings and an ocular survey of the building with a thermal camera. In order to calculate and analyse the building´s energy use, modelling of the building envelope components and technical installations were performed in VIP-Energy.

    The results of the energy survey shows that the calculated energy use for the building is similar to the projected energy use and the energy declaration places the building in energy class B. Many factors are of significant importance in optimizing solar collectors such as inclination angle, orientation and installation type. Having solar collectors installed proved to be beneficial both in terms of energy and cost if they are connected as proposed. HSB FTX is theoretically advantageous for both preheating of supply air and defrosting of the building's ventilation system.

    The enhancement proposals are to adjust the inclination angle of the solar collectors and to reconnect the heat input obtained from the solar collectors.

  • Egilsson, Snorri Jökull
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Built Environment and Energy Technology.
    Cornelia, Magnås
    Uppströmsarbete i Bergaindustriområde, Kalmar: Spårning av utsläppskällor av koppar, zink, silver ochkadmium via avloppsanalys i ett industriområde2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Avloppsreningsverket Kalmar vatten AB arbetar med att minska halter av kadmium, silver, koppar och zink som kommer in till verket. Berga industriområde i Kalmar uppskattas som en möjlig källa för metallutsläpp. I det här projektet undersöks avloppsvattnet i delar av Berga för att se om det finns utsläpp av förhöjda metallkoncentrationer. Provtagning utfördes i utvalda avloppsbrunnar under två veckor. Proverna analyserade både internt inom Linnéuniversitetet med ICP-OES samt externt hos Eurofins med ICP-MS.  Undersökningen visade att tre av fyra provpunkter hade förhöjda koncentrationer av minst en metall. Detta kräver vidare arbete av reningsverket för att identifiera enstaka företag som släpper ut förhöjda halter av metallerna.

  • Törnquist, Ellinor
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Subjektivt välbefinnande: Kan personlighetsvariabler, stress och self-efficacy förklara graden av subjektivt välbefinnande?2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Berglund, Henrik
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Hantering och stöd vid kritiska incidenter: En studie av blåljuspersonalens upplevelser2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund

    En kritisk incident orsakar upplevelser av oväntat starka emotionella reaktioner som har potential att inverka på förmågan att fungera i yrkesrollen eller senare i tillvaron. För att minska incidentens inverkan på den egna förmågan behöver känslornas hanteras efter en kritisk incident.

    Syfte

    Beskriva upplevelser och hantering av kritisk incident inom blåljuspersonalen polis, brandmän och ambulanspersonal.

    Metod

    Kvalitativ intervjustudie av totalt 10 deltagare från polisen, räddningstjänsten och ambulanssjukvården med deskriptiv, induktiv design och en kvalitativ innehållsanalys.

    Resultat

    Exponering av kritiska incidenter kan bero av en känslomässig påverkan där farhågor att eller associationer till den egna livsvärlden framträder samt upplevelser av att vara otillräcklig. Detta genererar individuella varningssignaler som behöver bemästras. Arbetsklimatets inverkan på bemästringen inkluderar jargong på arbetsplatsen, ett oförlåtande arbetsklimat samt ett förlåtande arbetsklimat. Bearbetning kan ske på olika vis och en individuell bearbetning kan likväl som en kollegial berabeting vara till hjälp på samma sätt som en organisatorisk hantering kan leda till ett ökat välmående och minska riskerna vid en kritisk incident men även medföra att någon får mer information än önskat och därmed förvärra en upplevelse.

    Slutsats 

    Att personal inom blåljusprofessionen påverkas av kritiska incidenter är ofrånkomligt. Inom samtliga tre blåljusprofessioner återfinns ett behov av att lyfta fram vikten och kunskapen av att kunna hantera sin upplevelser efter en kritisk incident på såväl organisatorisk nivå som på grupp och individnivå. Som fortbildning föreslås interprofessionell utbildning och ökad samverkan mellan blåljusorganisationerna.

  • Hedström, Therése
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Axelsson, Victoria
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Patienters perioperativa erfarenheter vid regional anestesi: En metasyntes2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Titel: Patienters perioperativa erfarenheter vid regional anestesi - En metasyntes

     

    Bakgrund: Idag genomförs många operationer i regional anestesi. Detta innebär att patienter är vakna under operationen vilket kan skapa olika känslor hos patienten samt innebära ett ökat behov av stöd för patienterna. Genom att patienten är vaken under en operation möjliggörs även en dialog mellan patient och personal. Patienter har olika behov vid en operation i regional anestesi, som delvis präglas av deras tidigare erfarenheter. Tillsammans med personal på operationssalen, är anestesisjuksköterskan ansvarig för de vårdhandlingar som utförs. En balans mellan anestesisjuksköterskans kunskap om teknisk utrustning och patientens behov, kan bidra till en positiv erfarenhet för patienten.

     

    Syfte: Syftet är att belysa patienters perioperativa erfarenheter vid regional anestesi genom att utforska och syntetisera tidigare forskning inom området.

     

    Metod: Studien är genomförd med metasyntes som metod. Resultatet från sju kvalitativa artiklar har sammanställts och syntetiserats i enlighet med Noblit och Hare (1988).

    Resultat: Patienters upplevelse av att opereras i regional anestesi är individuell. Den bedövade kroppsdelen kan upplevas oigenkännlig och svår att relatera till. Patienter upplever det betydelsefullt att erhålla kontinuerlig information under hela det perioperativa förloppet. Patienter kan även uppleva trygghet när de känner sig omhändertagna av vårdpersonal. Tidigare positiva erfarenheter av att opereras i regional anestesi medför att patienter troligen kommer önska denna anestesimetod i framtiden.

     

    Slutsats: Vårdpersonal bör vara medvetna om patienters perioperativa erfarenheter. Föreliggande studies resultat kan bidra till ökad kunskap samt en djupare förståelse för patienters behov. Detta kan öka vårdpersonalens förmåga att vårda patienter som är vakna under operation i regional anestesi. 

  • Karlsson, Ella
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Hjertvik, Linnea
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Att leva med våld: En narrativ analys av självbiografier skrivna av kvinnor som levt med en våldsutövande manlig partner2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine the experience among women who have been victims for domestic violence in heterosexual relationships. More specifically the purpose of this study was to gain an understanding when it comes to how women manage to live with the violence and also to examine why some women are staying in the relationship despite being exposed to violence. Another purpose was to find out how women experienced support from authorities if they requested such support. The study was based on reading five autobiographies written by women who have been in a relationship with partner who was abusive both physically and mentally. The normalization process and emotions as a theory were used as theoretical perspectives. The results showed that the women of the study tended to get used to the violence over time and that they started to accept it as a part of their relationship. Another result of the study was that the women felt feelings of shame which resulted in the fact that they kept quiet about the violence and therefore stayed in the relationship. Lastly one of the main results of the study showed that women overall did not feel satisfied with the help and support that they gained from authorities.

  • Petersdotter Apelgren, Linnea
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature.
    Att bli, vara och göra ett motstånd: om camp som metod och strategi2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this essay I aim to examine how camp could be used as a method in the reading of camp as a theory. This will be followed by an analysis of how The Watermelon Woman (Cheryl Dunye, 1996) could be seen as an expression of camp. I am intending to do so by using camp as a method combined with queer phenomenology and theory about social abjection. By having a phenomenological base I hope to show how camp is contextual - and how its resistance is fluid. In my analysis I will look closer at the relationship between Dunye, the director, Cheryl, the protagonist - played by Dunye, and Fae - the actress who has been lost in the archives. Together, they show how camp becomes a method in the film itself, as a film, as well as a film within the film. Camp will be my method in the reading of The Watermelon Woman, claiming that the film as well uses camp as a method - both as an aesthetic expressions and as a (re)writer of history.

  • Persson, Ellen
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Johannesson, Ebba
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Förberedelserna inför GDPR: En studie om implementeringen av GDPR på två företag - en jämförelse mellan empiri och teori.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to investigate the approaches chosen by two different companies to implement GDPR in their business. In the report it examined what worked well and less well during the project until they reached today. The collected empirical data is then compared with theory, to investigate how they adapted to existing theory or not.

    A framework has been created to facilitate the understanding of empiric that emerged. Each framework is divided into each main area, which is preliminary study, implementation and follow-up. This division then follows the entire report.

    A qualitative method has been used to get a depth in the survey. Two companies were interviewed based on an interview guide. A semistructured interview strategy was used in order to be able to distance the interview guide, ask additional questions, control questions and to reduce the risk of missing important information that may be of importance. Frameworks were then created for both empirical and theory, to make a comparison easily.

    The result of the study shows that both companies have used already known methods and adapted them according to their own business. Company A customized method after business, while company B took advantage of a purchased package, thus modifying a suitable method. Both companies have chosen to spend a lot of time studying, which is also recommended by different theories. Implementation among the two companies has some similarities in spreading the message in the organization, but differences regarding the layout of project groups. In category follow-up, companies are required to describe what they consider to be good and less good, as well as giving tips to other companies. The conclusion from both a theoretical and an empirical perspective is a combination of methods, to implement a change. The study provides guidance and knowledge contributions to other companies that will implement GDPR or a similar implementation of change in their organization. Proposals for further research are to carry out a quantitative study. Instead of interviewing two companies regarding the implementation phase of GDPR, making a questionnaire and collecting data from several companies.

  • Dagobert Spong, Viktoria
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Examensarbete i Informatik” 15p: Kursuppgift 3 ”Kritisk reflektion av teorierna2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här artikeln avhandlar erfarenheter och reflektioner av teoriapplicering i arbetet ”MAFA från silo till service”. De två teorierna som avhandlas i arbetet är; Porters femkraftsmodell och Amit och Zotts artikel ”Creating Value Through Business Model Innovation”.

    Slutsatsen är att båda teorierna förtjänstfullt kan användas men att man som affärsutvecklare ska vara försiktig med att begränsa sitt urvalsperspektiv. Digitalisering går fort och man bör som företag ha ett aktivt förhållningssätt både till sin affärsmodell och sin omvärldsanalys. En analys bör stäva mot ett pluralistisk förhållningsätt till metoder och teorier för att inte riskera att missa vitala delar när gamla förklaringssätt inte alltid längre är relevanta.

  • Karlsson, Rasmus
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of computer science and media technology (CM).
    Exploring a video game AI bot that scans and reacts to its surroundings in real-time.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The buzz surrounding artificial intelligences continues to grow. They are currently used in a wide variety of systems and appliances, such as video games, virtual personal assistants, and self-driving cars. This paper explores the possibility of a self-learning AI that can play the classic arcade game Q*BERT, using only screenshots as input. It is tested to work on several different screens sizes, and the results are collected and compared to that of a human player, as well as results from previous research. The results are fairly positive. While the AI had a hard time of matching the human player on average score, it did get close to the highest score.

  • Do, David
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Ohlsson, Daniel
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology.
    The impact of Task-Technology Fit on user performance within an Applicant Tracking Software: A qualitative study on the Bullhorn system2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The possibilities that exist with today’s online environments are huge. Today more data than ever before is stored each day in different forms online, and it is steadily increasing. With increasing amounts of data in the online databases, the need for evaluation and optimization in information systems is ever increasing. The field studies within this project was done on demand by a recruitment agency located in Great Britain. The main area of this study was to investigate the user experience and workflow within an applicant tracking software (ATS). With the Task-Technology Fit (TTF) theory as theoretical framework, this study aimed to apply this theory in the evaluation of the ATS called Bullhorn, by evaluating the match between Task characteristic and Technology characteristic through qualitative methods. Results shows how user experience and performance is affected by the current TTF construct.

  • Gudmundsson, Johan
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of computer science and media technology (CM).
    Menkes, Francis
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of computer science and media technology (CM).
    Swedish Natural Language Processing with Long Short-term Memory Neural Networks: A Machine Learning-powered Grammar and Spell-checker for the Swedish Language2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Natural Language Processing (NLP) is a field studying computer processing of human language. Recently, neural network language models, a subset of machine learning, have been used to great effect in this field. However, research remains focused on the English language, with few implementations in other languages of the world. This work focuses on how NLP techniques can be used for the task of grammar and spelling correction in the Swedish language, in order to investigate how language models can be applied to non-English languages. We use a controlled experiment to find the hyperparameters most suitable for grammar and spelling correction on the Göteborgs-Posten corpus, using a Long Short-term Memory Recurrent Neural Network. We present promising results for Swedish-specific grammar correction tasks using this kind of neural network; specifically, our network has a high accuracy in completing these tasks, though the accuracy achieved for language-independent typos remains low.

  • Lönnaeus, Märta
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Minkkinen, Kim
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    "Varför blir den röd?": En kvalitativ fallstudie om hur gränssnitt kan utformas för att öka webbredaktörers möjlighet till flow i arbetet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study has investigated how a digital interface can be designed to help editors in their daily work, focusing on the flow preconditions in the work process. The term flow refers to Csikszentmihalyi's theory about a state where the person is completely absorbed by an activity without self-reflection and self-awareness, with a sense of control. The focus of this study has been two of the flow preconditions; fast, unambiguous feedback and a balance of challenge and skill. A case study on Writeous web-based interface was conducted where the informants participated in a semistructured interview, an observation with the method think aloud and the survey System usability scale.

    The results were analyzed and compared with previous research in the area. In order to concretize the result, design proposals for the Writeous interface were created. The result showed that the interfaces should be perceived as simple without too much functionality, but still with the functions required to perform the task in a desirable way. The number of systems needed to perform a task should be as few as possible, as users' skill requirements are thus reduced. The system should also provide users with the information needed to perform the task without much prior knowledge. The interfaces are designed to provide good feedback in accordance with the design principles and standards available. This makes users less confused, thus increasing the barrier-free interaction with the system. If done right these implementations are considered to support two of the flow preconditions; fast, unambiguous feedback as well as a balance of challenge and skill, which is claimed to increase users' flow possibilities in interaction with the editorial interface.

  • Selimi, Fitim
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Design.
    Roll, Duck, & Cover!: A collaboratively produced, critical game that generates a discussion around the visual representation of nuclear warfare in media2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor of Fine Arts), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This research project explores how we can apply Emerging Design Landscapes such as Critical Design and Collective Creativity, in combination with traditional fields of visual communication to address societal challenges in cooperation with society.

    In particular, this paper aims to question the visual representation of nuclear warfare, and how we could utilize Peircean Semiotics to better understand set representation.

    The design outcome is a critical board game that at its core aims to create a discussion around the visual representation of nuclear warfare today and act as a learning platform that would help its user better understand the practice of semiosis. 

  • Pool, Joey
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Design.
    Roll, Duck, & Cover!: A collaboratively produced, critical game that generates a discussion around the visual representation of nuclear warfare in media2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor of Fine Arts), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This research project explores how we can apply Emerging Design Landscapes such as Critical Design and Collective Creativity, in combination with traditional fields of visual communication to address societal challenges in cooperation with society.

    In particular, this paper aims to question the visual representation of nuclear warfare, and how we could utilize Peircean Semiotics to better understand set representation.

    The design outcome is a critical board game that at its core aims to create a discussion around the visual representation of nuclear warfare today and act as a learning platform that would help its user better understand the practice of semiosis.

  • Leroy, Luisa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Design. /.
    CIRCULAR ECONOMY NOW00: How can a tool stimulate Circular Economy whereby the product development stage will be guided towards less waste generation?2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The government has made a choice to call a halt to climate change and has defined concrete milestones that everyone can use in practical terms, but the practical and knowledge side is still lacking within society. There is still no unambiguous approach for circular economy. Unfortunately, no manual is ready yet to take the steps towards 2050. The best advice to give is to start with awareness: making known to the general public. This step is a first step towards 100% circular economy. The greatest effect of circularity of a product must be realized in the design phase. Aspects such as maintenance, flexibility in use and adaptability, disassembly possibilities and the usability at end of life is determined by the design. The choice of materials what a product consists of is also important here. For this, the researcher sought a solution that supports these two important pillars. Circularity is a complex subject and there is a need to convert this complex language whereby this language becomes more intelligible to the daily users, architects, designers and product developers. Making circularity measurable, on the basis of product information from the supplier, the tool calculates the degree of circularity. The focus of the tool lies in the calculation of the impact of its materials and the amount of waste generated during the entire journey of the product. The results of the tool is named PICI© and can be compared with the certification techniques of today, except this one is circular-proof, while almost all of the certifications has been developed within a linear economy. Today's certificates will have to make room for the circularity certificates of the future. In addition, this study will also provide a direction for a circular methodology that will fully support the transition towards a circular service or product development.

    This research has the aim to make manufacturers, designers, architects or product developers aware what the impact of their product is, whereby the material-decision-making process will be striving for a fully circular  products and the re-use of the those materials.  This tool can motivate and make this impact of waste more visible. On top of that, this tool has a special focus on urban and architectural lighting, due to the collaboration with Spectrum advice and Design, in the Netherlands. Therefore, a case study is included within this study from Hydro Aluminum who supported this research with real-end data. 

  • Lindner, Annelotte
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Design.
    Localisation and Education: A tool for building futures2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Teachers, locals, a designer, communities, students, materials and co-design are the resources of this written report. These elements have tried to find a balance between each other during the process to stimulate the core of the project: a sustainable future in the local community of Älmhult. Starting of through of changing the global perspective of education to a more local sharing-learning experiences, the project made a turn to focus more on a problematic community namely that of Älmhult, Sweden. This local community has in the recent years changed dramatically because of growth in population and cultures. The community in which international and local do not mingle enough, has split. Instead of using these possibilities of learning from each other’s cultures and languages they have decided to live in mostly separate communities. Through the course of this project a network was built of people from both these communities to start building a stronger community in Älmhult. Education has been used as tool to stimulate this change, bringing the local community to the students. Teaching the students about strong communities they are the tool to develop this into the future. Thereby the student is the seed of change. The project has worked with co-design, using the tools to connect teachers and local initiators to create these meetings between student and local community. The research can be a learning tool to build communities, by using the knowledge of its inhabitants.

  • Czarny, Michael
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Design.
    Advancing Tactical Urbanism: How placemaking and cosmopolitics generate social sustainability enhancing tactical urbanism2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor of Fine Arts), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Placemaking is a collaborative approach to redesigning spaces into places that improve their community value. Placemaking practices claim to be quick and easy to implement which is true in comparison to government level plans and policies but do not appear quick at an individual level. Tactical urbanism tackles the problem of slow change with a bottom up process that allows for fast changes to urban environments that can be conducted at an individual level. The spaces addressed by tactical urbanism are spaces that do not work to their intended use; they are underused, empty, or unmaintained. These spaces can vary in size and type. They can exist within a timeframe that is shorter than a change can occur from a quick placemaking practice hence why tactical urbanism becomes the appropriate response. Many of these places require responsive and swift action if they are sought to be improved. The spaces and designs that are tandem often have lasting positive effects in their communities. Concepts from cosmopolitics will be tied with placemaking principles to see if they are able to enhance and bring another element to tactical urbanism. The combination of these elements will aim to create care in relationships between humans and place. This report will explore how placemaking principles, cosmopolitics and tactical urbanismcan be used to create meaning and sustainabilityin spaces making them great places. Experimental interventions are used to put these concepts into practice. The interventions are focused at several locations around Linnaeus University campus.

  • Axman, Erika
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Design.
    What do you think?: A board game that invites children to participate in decision-making2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Ever since 1919 has “Rädda Barnen” aka, “Save the Children” fought for the rights of the child. The UN convention tackles many important fights today concerning social sustainability which goals are pointing towards the improvement of children’s life conditions. Today we live in an adults world with an adults mind. How are we supposed to change this world to a world fit for children and youth if we do not invite them into the decisions and change-makings? Are we starting to understand the importance of child participation and are we finally inviting them to start shape their world together with the help of adults?

     

    This thesis contributes to a discussion around the work of Save the Children and the practice of co-designing with children by addressing article 12 in the UN convention; “ Every child’s right to hold and express their views”. It supports a complex activity with workshops and thoughtful discussions in how to change for a world fit for children and where research towards an understanding of co-design practice with children has played part.

     

    The framework in this study presents a practical solution and an initial structure of co-design with children with a low-tech prototyping, all as a prop for discussion amongst parents and adults in the position of decision-making. 

  • Schmitz, Lennart
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Design.
    Cars: The future is flexible2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Cars have been around for over a century and have grown to become an essential part of society with an increasing number of different models being sold and developed each year. Car manufacturers steadily expand the offered product portfolio and invent new market niches constantly. Often, this is not done to meet the customers’ expectations but rather to match and rival a competitor’s model lineup. The increase in model variety results in a significant increase in the complexity of production and manufacturing, more difficult and demanding work surrounding employees, and massive negative impacts on the environment. Not only are cars unsustainable in the way they are used, but also in the way they are produced. For a more sustainable future of and with cars to be possible, this practice of product portfolio expansion needs to be critically analyzed. It is, in my eyes, additionally necessary to evaluate the essence of the car industry, the car itself, and to re-think what defines a car. This paper critically analyzes the car industry and the production and development of cars, and it proposes an alternative to standard car design based on the idea and ability of speculative and critical design to highlight issues of today. The proposed concept is a speculative design alternative to car design, aiming to put sustainability and the customers back into the focus of car development, and discover what is possible, rather than probable, in the future of cars. The proposed concept aims at changing the understanding of cars and turns the car from being fixed and immutable into alterable and changeable objects, depending on the use-case and user. By analyzing manufacturing procedures and future trends, and interviewing experts from various disciplines, insights are used to evaluate the proposed alternative.

  • Verdonk, Tilda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    South-South Cooperation: A case study of Ethiopia’s political and economic relations with China and Turkey2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As the world system and the global political economy is under constant transformation, there is an increasing need for further research. Shifting from a North-South polarity towards a South-South-East relationship, the situation on the African continent is gaining more and more attention. The debate goes between the highly concerned alarmists warning for a new type of colonialism and those that are more opportunistic emphasizing the possibilities for underdeveloped countries to finally gain independence from Western predator claws. This thesis further explores the relationship between Ethiopia’s expanding partnerships with China and Turkey, aiming for analysis through the lens of the also highly debated dependency theory.  China and Turkey both express and emphasize the economic and political rhetoric of solidarity and mutual win-win relationships. This thesis thus seeks to investigate if this can be considered the case or if instead, the driving forces behind Chinese as well as Turkish engagement in Ethiopia are to be viewed upon as purely strategical concerning political and economic self-interests. By applying a comparative case study approach when analysing the two relationships of China-Ethiopia and Turkey-Ethiopia, this thesis will examine statistics and numbers regarding the economic exchange in terms of trade, financial assistance and investment flows.  The underlying driving forces behind the relationships will also be analysed before arriving at the conclusion that the relationships are indeed significantly uneven regarding power. The imbalances in the trade structures can be seen as an underlying factor of dependency. However, the characteristics of the of these South-South relations differ from the historically exploitative of North-South relations. Ethiopia can be seen to be given more room for self-determination and has gained benefits from its cooperation with both China and Turkey. Despite this, there is a need for the Ethiopian government to address its development needs and furthermore, increase its bargaining capacity in order to benefit further from trade agreements and foreign investment.

  • Stadig, Madeleine
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Englund, Tove
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Perspektivanalys - psykisk ohälsa unga: Hur konstruerar Socialstyrelsen psykisk ohälsa hos unga i sina offentliga dokument? Finns det andra perspektiv att se på psykisk ohälsa?2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to research Socialstyrelsens constructions of mental illness with young people. With chosen documents from Socialstyrelsens website, the study has been performed as a perspectiveanalysis and has contributed to problematise and reflect on how problems such as mental illness appear. Socialstyrelsen mean that mental illness is a big and growing public health problem which, in one way or another, will affect the society as a whole in the future. The results have shown how a problem can be seen from other perspectives, apart from the ones mentioned by Socialstyrelsen, such as the impact of individualisation and how demands affect young people’s mood. The results have also questioned the way Socialstyrelsen measure mental illness, through the amount of care. According to Socialstyrelsens results from the research, which is divided into gender categories, the study has also given an account of an absence of how gender norms may have effect the outcomes.

  • Andersson, Cajsa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    The Effect of Democracy versus Autocracy in Environmental Policy-making using Six African Cases2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As climate change continues to permeate the current political discourse and its effects becomes increasingly visible, the way countries respond to the situation is crucial for determining the extent of future environmental degradation. The Paris Agreement is an attempt to mitigate and adapt to the situation, however the western values tied to it have been criticised. The effectiveness of democracy in environmental protection has been questioned, especially its ties to capitalism and individualism. This thesis uses the theory of authoritarian environmentalism to investigate this debate and see whether the claims have any legitimacy in the context of the Paris Agreement and the promises made in relation to it.     This thesis is a structured focused comparison which compares the policies and projects in three democratic and three autocratic African countries in close geographical proximity and similar environmental situations, to investigate if and in what way the type of government affects the promises made, and whether they are kept, to the Paris Agreement and its signatories. The indicators used for the thesis include policies and internationally funded projects, due to their accessibility, however it is worth noting that they only give a crude approximation of the activities and ambition in the countries, with several others having important roles.    The quality of the six countries’ Intended Nationally Determined Contributions is investigated and followed up with an evaluation of some of the projects active to examine if the countries are implementing their promised efforts, already in these early, yet important, stages of the Agreement. In addition, the theory is applied to the countries’ efforts and some conclusions are reached, including the overall good quality of the countries’ environmental work and confirming that authoritarian countries can produce quality policies, while still having lacking areas, similar to their democratic counterparts, pointing to the complexity of the topic.

  • Meier, Johanna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Design.
    #selfie: A self-reflective venture into the realms of Instagram2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The autoethnographic research project #selfie investigates the effects of the social media platform Instagram on the well-being of users aged 15–28 years. It focuses on the physical, psychological and psychosocial aspects of this user group’s behaviours, thoughts, and feelings.

    A review of current research shows that while Instagram usage can enhance short-term well-being by triggering positive emotional responses, the long-term consequences can include information overload and stress phenomena, which can lead to a decreased ability or even inability to focus on one specific thing or moment. The present thesis examines the effect of this decreased or lacking ability on individuals’ competence of reflective thinking and “mindfulness,” a competence which can be linked to living a lifestyle of sustainability. Without reflective thinking, individuals are unable to determine their own standpoint when it comes to issues related to sustainability.

    The review of current research is juxtaposed with excerpts from interviews and conversations with the investigated user group, as well as autoethnographic investigation and reflective illustrations based on the author’s own experience with Instagram. Through this, the actuality of prevailing opinions in current literature is discussed critically. This research suggests that design can and should bring issues such as extensive Instagram usage and its possible effects to public attention by offering an approach that can be as informative as appealing, making it attractive to commit to reflective thinking and encouraging the audience to broaden their horizon on the issue.

    The design proposal of this project consists of an illustrated graphic story which combines comics, illustration and text in the form of a zine which opens up a platform for dialogue on Instagram usage, therefore challenging readers to reflect on their own experiences and guiding them on their way to mindful social media use.

  • Wahl, Lotta Leon Vilde
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature.
    Sånna som oss: En Opera2018Independent thesis Basic level (Higher Education Diploma (Fine Arts)), 20 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sånna som oss; "People like us" is a coming of age story and a generation story about Lisa, a teenage girl and her relationship with her mother and grandmother. Lisas grandmother and mother come from poor rural background and the mother does anything to make Lisa rise above her background. One og the things is sending Lisa to opera classes. It turns out Lisa has a special gift for opera and wants to pursue and apply for the Royal Academy of Opera. When Lisas mother finds out she bans opera from Lisas life because shes sure Lisa will end upp in the gutter if she persues her plans. 

  • Lal Das, Jinto
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Digital Capabilities of Internet based Consultancy Startups2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Advanced information and communication technologies, social media, Internet, etc. have tremendously impact on flourishing Internet based Startup around the world. Although some Internet Startups e.g. Facebook, Google, Uber, Airbnb, and Amazon are very successful, but most of the startups fail in their early stage of journey. Previous research findings show that inadequate funding, fierce competition, lack of appropriate strategies and business model, etc. are main reasons for failure of startup firms. Researchers suggest that adequate fund and proper digital business strategies can significantly support these Startups to survive and grow. Digital technologies, which include hardware, software, applications, and interactive communication technologies can significantly enhance and increase capabilities of startups through creating values and competitive advantages. Although, now days digital capabilities in large organization is getting more importance to many researchers, however a few researchers are focusing on investigating the impact of digital capabilities of Internet based startups.

    The study is conducted to examine how digital technologies create values for Internet based Startups Consultancy. Besides, the study investigates  the digital capabilities of and how digital technologies enhance and increase the capability of Internet based Startups Consultancy firms. Five Internet based startup consultancy firms have been investigated. Case based qualitative research methodology has been followed. As research method semi-structured and informal interviews, and observation with the companies have been conducted.

    The study finds that Internet based digital technologies profoundly facilitate startup companies. From businesss creation to service delivery,  digital technologies have enormously increase  digital capabilities of internet startup firms. In addition to academic researchers, the outcome of the research will be particularly important for existing startups firms and future entrepreneurs who has plan to establish new startup.

  • Kutserenko, Kristiina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Challenges Involved in the Implementation of the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) in an Information System Development Organization - An Exploratory Study.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) is a key regulation that deals with the protection of personal data in the European Union. It will be enforced on May 25, 2018. The GDPR brings in significant changes compared to the previous Data Protection Directive 95/46/EC (DIR95). Therefore, the organizations that fall within the scope of the GDPR are required to make their information systems compliant. Due to the complexity of modern software and the magnitude of changes required for the successful adoption of the GDPR, adopting such requirements could be a challenging task.

    Various works have already been conducted in the past addressing different articles and principles of the GDPR. However, relatively new Legal Technology sector has not been the focus of the GDPR related research. The purpose of the thesis is to investigate how a Legal Technology organization is affected by the challenges of implementing GDPR related requirements into its information system. In order to address the aim of the study, a literature review was conducted, followed by a case study in Assently AB, a small-sized organization belonging to the Legal Technology industry. In order to gather detailed information about the challenges of implementing the GDPR in their information system, semi-structured interviews were conducted with the practitioners at Assently.

    The result of this study is a collection of challenges. This collection of challenges relates to understanding the regulation in order to implement it into information system, creating new tools and processes, reviewing existing tools and processes, human resource availability for the support, management and development of information system and facing possible customer-related issues.

    The study contributes to the GDPR and Legal Technology related research. Moreover, it can be used by the industry practitioners to prepare for the similar implementations in the future. Furthermore, it will be useful for the emerging Legal Technology organizations who may need to design their information systems in compliance with the GDPR.

  • Svärd, Christian
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Successful ERP system upgrade: Critical success factors and how different project members perceive them2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    An Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) system implementation is a massive undertaking for any organization, and we have all heard about success and failure stories. This research study has identified the Critical Success Factors (CSF) after a successful ERP system upgrade at a pharmaceutical distribution company. The company of interest stores and distributes pharmaceuticals to pharmacies in Finland and Sweden. The company used an old version of the ERP system from 1999 that had been heavily modified over the years to cater for new regulations, business and customer requirements. The upgrade was a complete success, and the new version of the ERP system has been running without major issues ever since go-live in autumn 2016. The qualitative interpretive research was conducted by using two data collection methods, semi-structured interviews and card sorting to gather data from the participants. The participants were selected from the three (3) central roles in the project team to capture the perceived CSFs from several perspectives. The data was a subject for a thematic analysis process to generate codes, themes, and concepts within the extensive data set.

    The findings revealed that the reasons for the upgrade were the end of support for the ERP system, need for new features and to reduce platform dependency. The participants regarded a stable system after go-live with minimal impact on business and harm to customers as the primary definition of success. The ten (10) identified CSFs were; (1) Top management commitment and support, (2) Software analysis, testing and acceptance control, (3) Project team leadership, empowered decision makers, (4) Project management and (5) Strategy planning, scope and vision, (6) Involvement of end-users and stakeholders, (7) Data conversion and integrity, (8) Consultant selection and relationship, (9) Balanced team and (10) Project team: the best and brightest.

    Even though the ERP upgrade at the pharmaceutical distribution company was considered a success, there were several areas identified for improvements. The lessons learned was for example related to data quality and test data. The need to introduce new resources by learning from key resources before and during the ERP project. The project model and project organization were other areas that were identified for improvements to reduce administrative work and to obtain a better fit towards the company organization.

    Several similar ERP system upgrades and new implementations are planned the coming years, and the outcome of this thesis provides valuable guidelines and recommendations to the company. The research thesis will also contribute to the field of CSF analysis and ERP systems and offer suggestions for further research.

  • Bengtsson, Sofia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Stein, Edgar
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Centralise to Internationalise: A single case study on Internal Control and International Business Strategy within forestry2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden is a main extractor of natural resources, leading the exploitation of forestry in Europe. Forestry counts for ten percent of exported goods from Sweden and has the most significant trade balance of all industrial categories. Forestry is a branch that has remained traditional for a long time and has not actually been the focus for research in this field. Internal control is implemented in all Swedish companies to protect company assets and minimise risk. The aim of International business strategies is mainly to achieve success on the international market. Through a qualitative single case study, with empirical data extracted from interviews and observations, conclusions were drawn. The interaction between the two terms internal control and international business strategy are investigated, and results show that they do indeed relate to each other. Another finding was that the sampled forestry company, SCA centralised administrative functions to improve Internal control had affected their International business strategy positively and their international subsidiaries could focus on remaining main tasks. In conclusion, the forestry benefit from having centralised administrative functions to improve efficiency and decentralise departments such as sales to drive revenue abroad. 

  • Rolf, Louice
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Samuelsson, Mia
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Generation Y:s förväntningar på ledarskapet: – Hur ledare bör anpassa sig efter generationen2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Abstrakt Författare: Louice Rolf & Mia Samuelsson

    Handledare: Hans Wessblad

    Examinator: Mikael Lundgren

    Kurs: Företagsekonomi III - organisation, examensarbete (kandidat) 15 hp, 2FE78E

    Titel: Generation Y:s förväntningar på ledarskapet – Hur ledare bör anpassa sig efter generationen

    Problemformulering: Hur vill generation Y bli ledda i arbetslivet?

    Syfte: Syftet med uppsatsen är att kartlägga hur generation Y vill bli ledda utifrån generationens åsikter. Studien kan komma att bidra till att ge dagens och framtidens ledare förutsättningar för hur ledarskapet kan anpassas till generation Y i arbetslivet.

    Metod: En kvalitativ studie med en induktiv ansats. Det empiriska materialet har samlats in från generation Y genom kvalitativa intervjuer med hjälp av en narrativ undersökningsmetod.

    Slutsats: Studien slutsats är att generation Y vill bli ledda av en ledare som ger dem feedback, skapar möjlighet till utveckling, anpassar ledarskapet efter individen, utövar ett tydligt ledarskap och som är lyhörd.

    Nyckelord: Generation Y, ledarskap, feedback, utvecklingsmöjligheter, anpassat ledarskap, tydligt ledarskap, lyhörd ledare. 

  • Lind, Philip
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Aboudou, Neima
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Ryttare, Elin
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Student leadership: An in-depth study of the attributes of student leaders and the attractiveness of the leadership act.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Leadership is a fundamental function in all organizations and societies; It is the act that makes others get missions completed. However, to lead is a difficult act to master and those who lead professionally seem to have one thing in common: they have experience in the field of leadership. Based on earlier understandings and research, the authors have recognized the importance and motivation of student leadership; Individuals who enter in a leadership act from a young age. It is a time of period where the learning and development of leadership is recognized. Student leadership is therefore an arena for young individuals to develop their leadership skills and attributes, make mistakes and learn from them. It is considered essential to acknowledge this kind of leadership is not related to what kind of educational programs these individuals receive in their own studies, instead the focus in this thesis is leadership outside the university programs. The purpose of this study is to acknowledge the qualities and experiences young individuals receive by actively being involved in a leadership role.

    The analysis chapter discussed the theories of traditional leadership and modern leadership in accordance with the meaning of student leadership and compared them with empirical findings from 5 different respondents that were included in the term of Student leadership. An interview with an international corporation was conducted as well in order to receive another perspective and the need for student leadership.

    Valuable information regarding student leadership has been concluded by using a qualitative research method where students in a leadership position were interviewed and by using a deductive approach. In conclusion, essential attributes of student leadership include high confidence in social media, high rate of relational bonds and an international model of leading. The practical implications of this study recognize the importance of a development stage that exists in the role as a student leader; for both individuals that are set to enter an international corporation and the society.

  • Bloom, Oskar
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Liljenberg, Pontus
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Video Storytelling Advertisement: A quantitative study about the effect consumers’ attitude towards the brand 2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In order for marketers, brands and companies to be successful in the advertising environment the stress for well developed content and messages is a necessity. To have a competitive advantage it is all about the attention a advertisements gain by the audience and the public eye. Storytelling advertising is a marketing tool that during the past years have been highly recognized due to its effective and powerful ways to make market changes and branding. Stories can mediate various heightened emotions that could trigger and evoke emotional responses with the audience. Since companies all over the world spend hundreds of billions each year on marketing, it is important for marketing managers to understand how the advertisements affect the consumers in order for them to make decisions that are cost efficient and affect the consumers in the way they are intended.  However, this research focus on the effect of two specific emotions when applied to video storytelling advertisements. Humoristic and dramatic.

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to extend the understanding of the effect of video storytelling advertisements on consumers’ attitude towards the brand.

    Methodology: A quantitative research was applied to collect the data using a online questionnaire in order to further analyze and describe the relationship between the different variables.

    Conclusion: The findings of this research suggests that video advertisements positively influence the consumers´attitude towards the brand. It also suggest that that the attitude towards humorous advertisement not only is affected by the affective and cognitive dimensions, it is also affected by the demographics of the viewer. This indicates that humor is perceived differently by different individuals which needs to be taken into consideration when it comes to marketing communication. Also, findings indicate that the attitude towards the brand is affected positively if the advertisement is seen as a story by the viewer, which shows that storytelling is an efficient approach to use within marketing communication.  

  • Flink, Maria
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Tessma, Mesfin
    Karolinska University Hospital.
    Cvancarova Småstuen, Milada
    Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences; Norway.
    Lindblad, Marléne
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College.
    Coleman, Eric A
    University of Colorado Denver Anschutz Medical Campus, USA.
    Ekstedt, Mirjam
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Measuring care transitions in Sweden: validation of the care transitions measure2018In: International Journal for Quality in Health Care, ISSN 1353-4505, E-ISSN 1464-3677, Vol. 30, no 4, p. 291-297Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To translate and assess the validity and reliability of the original American Care Transitions Measure, both the 15-item and the shortened 3-item versions, in a sample of people in transition from hospital to home within Sweden.

    Design: Translation of survey items, evaluation of psychometric properties.

    Setting: Ten surgical and medical wards at five hospitals in Sweden.

    Participants: Patients discharged from surgical and medical wards.

    Main outcome measure: Psychometric properties of the Swedish versions of the 15-item (CTM-15) and the 3-item (CTM-3) Care Transition Measure.

    Results: We compared the fit of nine models among a sample of 194 Swedish patients. Cronbach's alpha was 0.946 for CTM-15 and 0.74 for CTM-3. The model indices for CTM-15 and CTM-3 were strongly indicative of inferior goodness-of-fit between the hypothesized one-factor model and the sample data. A multidimensional three-factor model revealed a better fit compared with CTM-15 and CTM-3 one factor models. The one-factor solution, representing 4 items (CTM-4), showed an acceptable fit of the data, and was far superior to the one-factor CTM-15 and CTM-3 and the three-factor multidimensional models. The Cronbach's alpha for CTM-4 was 0.85.

    Conclusions: CTM-15 with multidimensional three-factor model was a better model than both CTM-15 and CTM-3 one-factor models. CTM-4 is a valid and reliable measure of care transfer among patients in medical and surgical wards in Sweden. It seems the Swedish CTM is best represented by the short Swedish version (CTM-4) unidimensional construct.

  • Thomasson, Johanna
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Flod, Evanja
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Riskhanteringsprocessen i praktiken: En kvalitativ fallstudie på energiföretagen E.ON2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background and problem discussion: The risk management process needs to be designed based on the specific company, and adapted to both internal and external circumstances and changes since every company operates in different environments and is therefore subject to different types of risks. Meanwhile, the risk management process is especially crucial for companies whose activities have a major impact on the function of the society. Today’s literature within the subject risk management covers a vast range, however, we identified an absence of research that focuses on the practical implementation of risk management and the control throughout its whole process.

    Purpose: The purpose of the study is to examine how the risk management process is designed and how it is governed in order to contribute with increased insights regarding what elements are critical in the process. Moreover, the study aims to investigate how the organization as a whole, including its stakeholders, is involved in its work with risk management.

    Method: In order to fulfill the purpose of the study, a qualitative single case study was applied at the company E.ON Sweden. Both personal interviews as well as phone interviews were carried out with the intention of gathering empirical material. In total, five interviews were held, and they have been supplemented with recurring conversations with the main contacts at E.ON throughout the stages of the research.

    Conclusion: The critical elements in the risk management process lie within the internal communication and in respecting the stakeholders’ demands as well as considering these while formulating the risk management process for the company.

  • Wang, Tianyi
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Design.
    International students’ stress: Innovation for health-care service2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With the trend of increasing international academic exchange, the number of international students in Sweden continues to expand over years. The stress faced by international students has attracted more and more attention from university organizations and the society. This project takes the current mental health-care service for international students at Linnaeus University as the research object. Based on the participatory design and service design theory, challenges faced by the international student health-care service system and improvement opportunities were investigated through a stakeholder map, semi-structured interviews, observations, questionnaires and co-creation workshops among other methods. By introducing participatory design into the development process, an improved mental health-care service system with integrated online and offline information is presented as an example for universities’ organizations for improving the mental health-care service for international students.

  • Li, Yi
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Design.
    Maintaining tooth brushing habit: A service design to motivate young people in Sweden2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden has a complete public oral hygiene system while there are still problems existing on young people which are caused by their individual habits. In the research, the main reason was found having connections with lack of daily tooth brushing. With the development design for behavior change, this research was trying to find how design can change when it was related to young people’s oral care behavior at home. As a result, a service design concluding a reward system was put forward to motivate young people to maintain a good tooth brushing habit. 

  • Gollwitzer, Cajsa
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Hentzel, Madeleine
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    CSR i små och medelstora företag: Ett contingency perspektiv på CSR-implementering i förhållande till strategi och struktur i små och medelstora företag2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background and problem: Previous studies on CSR to a large extend have so far focused on its implementation on large firms. However, other research also states that CSR is a concept that is provided in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) as well. There is, however, lack of research among SME companies and how their strategy affects the degree of the CSR-implementation. Furthermore, informal control is an aspect that according to earlier studies is essential within small and midsized companies.

    Purpose: The purpose of the study is to investigate in what extent SMEs implements CSR and how this implementation is affected by the strategy these companies applies. The reason why a company implements CSR can be explained by using the stakeholder and legitimacy theories. Furthermore, the purpose is also to try to test and explain the correlation between the strategy applied and if this is affected when using informal control. In accordance to the contingency theory, variables in this equation are affected by other factors.

    Method: The study is conducted with a quantitative research strategy with a deductive approach. Hypotheses are based on established theories, and data has been added from a cross-sectional study. 108 Swedish SMEs constitutes the study´s collection.

    Results and conclusions: The result of the study shows that the strategy prospector for SMEs has a positive connection with the extent of CSR-implementation. Furthermore, the study shows that informal control has a strong positive correlation to the degree of CSR-implementation independently of what strategy the SMEs are applying. The study also shows that companies who apply the strategies prospector for SMEs and reactor for SMEs is very prone to implement CSR. However, there is no correlation between the defender for SMEs and analyzer for SMEs strategies, and the extent of CSRimplementation for the use of informal control. As final, the study also shows that SMEs implement CSR to a large degree in their businesses.

  • Andersson, Moa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education and Teacher's Practice.
    Digitala verktyg i fritidshemmets vardag: En aktionsstudie om lärares inställning i förändring2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens kunskapsobjekt är huruvida en aktion kan förändra fritidslärare eller fritidspedagogers attityder gentemot digitala verktyg i fritidshemmet. Studieobjekten är pedagogerna, vars inställning kartläggs med hjälp av intervjuer i inledande och avslutande stadie. Under studiens gång genomförs tre stycken aktiviteter med eleverna som har som syfte att visa nya användningsområden med hjälp av digitala verktyg. Dessa tre kallas iMovie, Google Earth och QR-koder. I resultatet redovisas pedagogernas svar på den avslutande intervjun, vilka skiljer till viss del. Pedagogerna uttrycker större positivitet inför digitala verktyg och tycker sig ha sett andra sidor som kan användas. I diskussionen förs ett resonemang om de förändrade inställningarna kommer att leda till förändringar i arbetet med digitala verktyg i det aktuella fritidshemmet eller om det kommer att rinna ut i sanden. En metoddiskussion förs om de aktviteterna samt intervjuerna som hölls.

  • Andersson, Elin
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education and Teacher's Practice.
    Persson, Frida
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education and Teacher's Practice.
    Möjligheter och hinder för dramapedagogik i fritidshemmet2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det utvecklingsinriktade arbetet syftar till att stärka en elevgrupp genom dramapedagogik. På fritidshemmet där utvecklingsarbetet utfördes går elever i förskoleklass upp till årskurs två. Målen med arbetet är att erbjuda en variation av dramaövningar med syfte att stärka gruppen, ge eleverna verktyg att hantera konflikter på ett konstruktivt sätt och att identifiera pedagogiska möjligheter och hinder med drama som verktyg. Med stöd av aktionsforskningsspiralen genomförs aktionen under tre veckor vid nio olika dramapass som dokumenterades genom processprotokoll och observationer. I utvecklingsarbetet används semistrukturerade intervjuer och samtal, både med lärare och elever, samt elevernas loggböcker till för- och efterarbetet. Aktionen visar att drama som verktyg kan erbjuda ett bättre gruppklimat som ett återkommande inslag i verksamheten. Identifierbara hinder är avsaknad av anpassad lokal för dramaövningar, tid för planering samt vilja. Det måste finnas ett genuint intresse och kunskap hos lärarna för att använda drama som verktyg i en fritidshemsverksamhet.

  • Frithiof, Jessica
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Liljeblad, Josefine
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Släpp kontrollbehovet och låt automatiken göra jobbet: En kvalitativ studie om hur ett gränssnitt kan effektivisera publiceringsprocessen2018Student paper second term, 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study has addressed and focused on visualizing user problems and processing them through underlying theories about different system properties. The study is based on the current administration tool Everyware. The tool is today used by newspapers and media houses to build and maintain web magazines. An ongoing increase in digital news publishing contributes to competition in the newspaper and media industry. This in turn means that the industry wants to publish news as quickly and smoothly as possible, which has been a contributing factor to the purpose of the study. The purpose of the study has been to develop a new-minded interface proposal which, according to the users, should be experienced as easy to use, smooth and responsively. The theoretical framework for the study is based on the theory IS Success Model. With this theory, the study has investigated what success factors an information system, according to users, should provide. As a complement to the theory, the study has also used scientific areas such as user experience, usability and utility. Through different methods has eight potential users of the current tool been involved. The empirical material has been collected through individual semi structured interviews and a group interview. Based on the collected data, patterns have been developed for further development and adaption in the work process. A categorization based on different experiences regarding the use of the current tool took the study further towards the interface proposal. In order to create interface proposals, an analysis of the result that was obtained was required. A content analysis and an affinity diagram were created to determine primary requirements of users regarding a management tool properties. Based on the analysis, a proposal of a new interface for the Everyware administration tool could finally be made. The result of this study has shown that users of administration tools are dependent on that the tool are providing specific system, information and service characteristics. These characteristics can in turn lead to net benefits for users of the administration tool but also the newspaper industry and the readers.

  • Kohnić, Selma
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Sjöberg, Julia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Att koppla bort i ett ständigt uppkopplat samhälle: En kvalitativ studie kring digital natives relation till sociala medier2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In today's society the use of social media is greater than ever and it increases every year. With this extensive use there are some positives, such as social interactions and easily accessible information, as well as uses for business and pleasure. There are also negative effects such as the well-being of users being compromised. Previous research shows that there are both negative psychological and physical consequences associated with excessive use of social media. The aim of the study was to examine what factors influence digital natives’ behavior and user experience when using social media, as well as how to develop a tool that increases the user’s perceived behavioral control. The study is based on a theoretical framework consisting of User Experience, Theory of Planned Behavior and Persuasive Technology, that together contribute to a deeper understanding of the users.

    With a qualitative approach, four diary studies and six semi-structured interviews were carried out with participants identifying as women. Previous research shows that women to a greater extent than men suffer from adverse effects following the use of social media, which is why the participants consisted of women in this study. All participants were digital natives, that is, people who grew up with technology and hold great technical knowledge.

    The results indicated that the use of social media was largely influenced by attitudes towards it, subjective norms and perceived behavioral control. The social pressure of usage, the influence of friends and family as well as the perceived control of use were strong patterns found in the surveys. An automated behavior where usage was not always a conscious choice was a recurring factor that was taken into account in the development of the interface. With the help of the term user experience and Theory of planned behavior, the behavior and user experiences of the informants could be understood and interpreted. This understanding, along with Persuasive technology, contributed to a proposal for an interface focusing on trying to improve user experience and perceived behavioral control, which in turn can reduce the negative effects that may occur when using social media.

  • Drake av Hagelsrum, Emilia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Migränpatienters hjälp till självhjälp, ett designdilemma.: Hur en migränapplikation bör utformas för användare vars tillstånd kan förvärras vid interaktion med skärmar2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    People who suffer from migraines have probably at some point thought about what the triggering factor is. Sometimes the answer is clear, and sometimes it’s not that obvious. To have understanding and knowledge of their migraine can increase the chances of self-help and also higher levels of empowerment. With self-help, the patient can make better decisions based on the knowledge of the disease, which can lead to a better well-being. In order to establish an understanding and more knowledge about their illness, it can be helpful to document the migraine attacks. The documentation can then be used to find a possible cause of the attacks. This is also called a migraine journal. Migraine journals can be prescribed by the health services, where you get a template with less words and with simple instructions of the tasks on them. There are also digital solutions, like mobile applications, that supports more detailed documentation. A digital solution provides more opportunities for more detailed information about the person's illness, but mobile apps often lacks adaption for the patient's specific needs and problems. Persons who suffers from a migraine attack, can experience difficulties when documenting a large amount of information on applications. The interaction with digital screens may worsen the symptom. This is one of the findings of this study. The purpose of this study was to examine how a user interface for a mobile health application, could be designed with focus of empowerment and a good user experience. To find out, 7 semi structured interviews were conducted. The informants were asked to tell about their experiences, their knowledge about their illness and some technical aspects of how they want to interact with mobile applications while they are suffering from an attack. The data that was obtained from the interviews were then analyzed using qualitative coding that resulted in four different themes. The study showed that the potential users wish to interact as little as possible with the screen. Documentation of migraine attacks can be done with the help of speech and sound. The interface itself should be easy with simple icons which are easy to identify. It should be possible to manually or automatically adjust the light on the screen. The result of the study contributed to suggestions for how to design a suitable interface for migraine patients. The interface is visualised in this report in the form of mockups. For future research , it is recommended to perform user tests with extended prototypes to investigate whether the design principles and design suggestions developed in this study are perceived as a good user experience and contribute to empowerment.

  • Max, Knutsson
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics. SHA256 AB.
    Three Business Plan Models to Help a Start-up with Strategic Analysis: Lessons from using SWOT, Porter’s Five Forces, and Price Equalizer to write a business plan2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines three models used for business plan analysis. These models highlight some of the most important questions of the business: What are my strengths and how do I compete? More importantly, it gives founders a systematic tool to approach the creation of strategy for their business. There are three business planning tools presented here: Porter’s Five Forces, SWOT, and Price Equalizer.

  • Fenzel, Mark
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    The Business Model Concept and the Sharing Economy: An Overview2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to give an overview of the business model concept and theories focussing on the sharing economy. Selected concepts and studies are presented, and its application, usefulness and limitations are discussed.

    The concepts and models that are presented in more detail build the foundation for the realisation of a digital business plan. The plan was part of the overall examination for the course ‘Digital Business Development’ at Linnæus University.

    The theories and studies concerning business models are being traced back to 1975. With the advent of the Internet mid-1990s the academic community picked up on the business model concept and an increasing number of articles, publications and studies were published. Although the huge interest in the concept, there is still no common theoretical foundation and established researchers such as Michael E. Porter even argue that the business model doesn’t help a company to develop or to assess competitive advantage instead it only helps to understand basic questions.

    Airbnb and Uber have been the companies mostly cited when articles were written about the ‘sharing economy’. The research field of the sharing economy is rather new and most of the theoretical foundation is rooted in the concept of ownership. Recently, researchers have begun to investigate frameworks around the sharing economy i.e. understanding the determinants of a successful sharing model from a marketing and technological perspective.

    The literature related to the sharing economy is still in its formation phase. The theory must reach a higher level of generalizability and move away from pure descriptions of ‘successful companies in the sharing economy’. Most studies have focused on identifying motivational factors for consumers and companies to participate in the sharing economy.

    In conclusion, both concepts have its strengths and weaknesses, but they provide useful insights for analyzing current situations and developing potential strategic directions.