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  • Miraka, Oriana
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Tritsaroli, Vasiliki
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Stress and Creativity: The mediating role of Anxiety and Depression2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In the field of psychology, stress and creativity are two phenomena that have been disputed by many researchers, claiming that their in between relationship is controversial. In the interim, many researches have focused on analyzing the relationship between mental illness (e.g., bipolar disorder) and creativity; only a few though have been able to draw on a systematic investigation apropos the link between creativity, anxiety, and depression.

    Objectives: The main objective of the present study was to identify the effect of stress on creativity and further investigate if anxiety and depression mediate their in between relationship.Method: A random sample of 233 students from Linnaeus University participated in the study. The questionnaires distributed consisted of 87 items; 10 items for stress, 7 items for anxiety, 20 items for depression, and 50 items for creativity. The survey was in both English and Swedish.

    Results: A parallel mediation analysis was used to examine the relationship between stress and creativity mediated by depression and anxiety. The data was assessed for outliers within each group; all tests were performed separately. The results obtained show that when the outliers are included in the analysis [a] stress is a significant predictor of creativity, [b] indirect only mediation occurs when depression mediates the stress-creativity relationship, [c] while anxiety is an insignificant mediator in the analysis. Additionally, the results indicated that when the outliers are excluded from the analysis [a] stress is not a significant predictor of creativity, [b] indirect only mediation occurs when depression mediates the stress-creativity relationship, [c] while anxiety is an insignificant mediator in the analysis.

    Conclusion: Further research should assess and explore the relationship between stress and creativity by taking into consideration mediators or moderators, which may explain the relationship between stress and creativity in more terms that are dignified.

  • DAI, WENZE
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Babani, Donya Azizi
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Intersectionality, gender identity and ethnicity discrimination in resume evaluations2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The current thesis aims to identify the presence of discrimination effecting intersectional women, focusing on the intersection of gender identity (cisgender versus transgender) and ethnicity (Swedish versus Arabic) in the recruitment process, in relation to two job positions of kindergarten teacher and kindergarten principal. Additionally, we aim to investigate the social cognition stereotypes regarding warmth and competence associating with that intersection. Furthermore, Intersectionality is adopted as a conceptual framework for deciphering discrimination targeting intersectional women. In order to investigate the proposed research questions, a mixed-design quantitative experiment was conducted. The results indicate the presence of significant discrimination against transgender women in comparison with cisgender women with respect to perceived employability for the kindergarten teacher position. Results further indicate the lack of significant interactive effect of gender identity and ethnicity on both job positions. Lastly, there was no significant evidence of group difference in stereotypes of warmth and competence. Practical implications of the current results will be further discussed.

  • Andersson, Daniel
    et al.
    Umeå University, Sweden.
    Edlund, Lars-ErikUmeå University, Sweden.Haugen, SusanneUmeå University, Sweden.Westum, AsbjörgUmeå University, Sweden.
    Studier i svensk språkhistoria 13: historia och språkhistoria2016Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • Håkansson, Rebecca
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Shabanaj, Arlinda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Den svenska barnavården: är den universell?2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this quantitative study is to examine whether there are differences in the quantity of actions taken in child protections services between the swedish municipalities. Moreover the focus of the study is to analyze the municipalities structural conditions in relation to what actions they take in child protection service cases. The empirical data for the study is primarily secondary data collected from the Swedish Central Bureau of Statistics and from the Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare. The questions at issue for the study are “Do the municipalities differ in the proportion of actions taken in child protection services and if so, how?” and “If it differs between the municipalities, do the municipalities’ structural conditions have an impact on the proportion of actions taken in child protection services and if so, in what way? The collected data shows that there are differences in the amount of actions taken in child protection service cases between the municipalities. Furthermore the analyses of that data demonstrates that the differences in the actions taken are correlated, both negatively and positively to the structural conditions of the municipalities. The findings also shows that the different variable groups of structural conditions have different explanatories of the variation in the actions taken. Demography is the single biggest explanatory while economy is shown to be the smallest between the groups. The greatest effect of a single variable is the education level of the municipality’s citizens. Further on the study exposes the differences between the Swedish municipalities and brings light to the inequalities in the Swedish welfare system. This despite its many regulations to decrees it and widely being known for being in the forefront of the universalistic viewpoint.

  • Trulsson, Patricia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Wahlgren, Amanda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Pendlarnod: en knutpunkt för ett hållbart samhälle2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This work including a proposal with sustainable guidelines on how to plan a commuter node, as well as identification of general service functions that should be available. The work is based on the increasing use of cars against choice of sustainable transport in the form of pedestrian, bicycle and public transport. An important part of the planning of the commuter hubs is the attractiveness of the city center as well as the interconnection between countryside and urban areas. If the cars accessibility is limited, sustainable travel can benefit and thus better link Sweden’s road network with better connections. This proposal will make urban and traffic planning easier.

    The study is based on what other cities have done in the past to encourage sustainable travel, use of proven analytical methods and interviews with expert and potential users.

    The result shows that by placing commuter nodes on the edge of Växjö, car use is reduced in the center and instead promotes human health and well-being. The commuter nodes are also a prerequisite for all people to have the opportunity to access leisure activities, work and studies wherever they live. At the same time, large areas in the center are released, which can be designed into green areas that encourage a more vibrant city and physical activity for people living in it.

    A commuter node's attraction increases as it can offer. Being able to offer a range of functions, services and experiences is a connection between public transport and land value.

  • Rong, Hu
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Design.
    Compact Living as a Lifestyle: Scenario-based Interior Design for Chinese Urban Tenants2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis proposes "compact living" as a sustainable lifestyle, enabling dwellers to fulfil theirliving requirements while considering ecological concerns. The idea of this project is derivedfrom a phenomenon that urban immigrants move to smaller houses because of the shortage ofaffordable rental house in dense Chinese urban areas, which causes an issue regarding lack ofwell-functioning small housings for urban tenants. In order to develop suitable compact livingsolutions, this scenario-based design project has developed. The compact living requirementsof Chinese urban tenants were studied through design research. Meanwhile, the studies ofexisting small-space solutions aim to come up with solutions by concluding strategies for thespatial-plan. As a result, the designer came up with a concept of "shared co-living community" second-landlord business model with three feasible interior design proposals.Keywords:interior design; sustainable lifestyle; compact living; small space;scenario-based

  • Drabiuk, Roksana
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    A STUDY ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF POPULIST RIGHT WING PARTIES IN THE NETHERLANDS2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Antonsson, Lucas
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Popperyd, Dennis
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Volontärsrekryteringen hos svenska idrottsevenemang: En studie kring hur svenska idrottsevenemang rekryterar volontärer2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det här arbetet syftar till att ta reda på hur svenska idrottsevenemang går tillväga när de rekryterar sina volontärer. Volontärers betydelse på det svenska samhället är otroligt stor då de skapar oerhört viktiga ekonomiska förutsättningar för flera svenska idrottsföreningar. Att rekrytera volontärer är inte enkelt då volontärerna idag förväntar sig någon sorts belöning av sin insats. Spelar storleken hos ett evenemang någon roll gällande hur man rekryterar? För att komma fram till ett resultat i studien så har det använts kvalitativa metoder i form utav intervjuer med volontärsansvariga hos varje idrottsevenemang, för att djupare kunna förstå deras tankesätt och den rekryteringsprocess de använt sig utav. Det har använts en teori framställd av Bourdieu (1991) som handlar om hur volontärer reagerar gentemot sina roller i olika evenemang och vad de förväntar sig i utbyte mot sin arbetskraft. Resultatet på vår studie visade att det finns en skillnad gällande hur stora och små evenemang rekryterar. Generellt rekryterar de stora evenemangen volontärer ifrån idrottsföreningar medan de mindre evenemangen inte har samma förutsättningar så de behöver nå ut till olika volontärssegment i form utav pensionärer, studenter etc. Hur evenemangen rekryterar genom att motivera olika sorters människor är en viktig del av resultatet.

  • Thörnros, Maria
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education and Teacher's Practice.
    Noleryd, Susanna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education and Teacher's Practice.
    Högläsning och boksamtal i fritidshemmet.: En möjlighet för språkutveckling2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie var att synliggöra hur lärare i fritidshemmet använder sig av högläsning och boksamtal i fritidshemsverksamheten. Vi ville även synliggöra lärarnas åsikter om sambandet mellan högläsning, boksamtal och språkutveckling. Vi har valt att arbeta utifrån en kvalitativ metodansats med semistrukturerade intervjuer. Det finns forskning om att högläsning och boksamtal bidrar till en bättre språkutveckling för individer, och den är applicerbar på fritidshem men utforskad i hur skolan kan arbeta med högläsning och boksamtal för att utveckla elevernas språk. Våra resultat påvisade att de informanter vi intervjuade hade valt att arbeta med högläsning och boksamtal enbart i skolmiljö. Även om informanterna arbetade med högläsning och boksamtal i skolverksamheten, använde de sig inte av högläsning och boksamtal som didaktiskt verktyg i fritidshemsverksamheten. De använde sig av högläsning och boksamtal för att få till mysiga stunder och vila istället för att utöka elevernas språkutveckling. Högläsning och boksamtal ville lärarna som blev intervjuade använda även i fritidshemmets verksamhet, men de uttryckte att många av deras kollegor tycker att det ska vara mer fritt på fritidshemmet och att en aktivitet med högläsning och boksamtal är en för styrd aktivitet.  Vår slutsats blev att trots att  lärarna ansåg att högläsning och boksamtal ger eleverna en bättre språkutveckling och ett utökat ordförråd, så använder de inte det som ett didaktiskt verktyg i fritidshemsverksamheten. Informanterna i vår studie ansåg dessutom att de hade eleverna under för kort tid för att med säkerhet kunna dokumentera en markant skillnad i elevernas språkutveckling. 

  • Megitt, Marie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages.
    “When top coals are partially covered with ash, pour evenly over grill.”: A study of clause-initial adverbials and ellipsis in recipes2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses on two aspects of the recipe minilect: clause-initial adverbials and object and determiner ellipsis in the translation from English into Swedish. The aim of the study is to find general tendencies on how clause-initial adverbials are translated and how this affects the information structure. In addition, the occurrence of object and determiner ellipsis in translations is studied, to see if there are differences between English and Swedish.

    Based on a theoretical background by Hasselgård (1997) the translation of clause-initial adverbials is identified and structured, according to Hasselgård’s (1997) model of word order correspondence. The structures are then studied quantitatively, through different examples in English and Swedish, and with regards to Lindquist’s (1989) definition of adverbial placement. The theoretical background for the study on object and determiner ellipsis is mainly based on the work by Nordman (1994), Hultman (2003) and Biber et al (1999). The occurrence of ellipsis is identified and then studied quantitatively.

    The results show that different kinds of word order restrictions govern the translation of clause-initial adverbials and that changes in adverbial placement can affect the information structure. The occurrence of object ellipsis is somewhat higher in the present study than in the analyzed parallel texts, possibly due to influence from the ST. Due to Swedish rules on definiteness, there is a low occurrence of determiner ellipsis in the TT.

  • Johansson, Henrik
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Karlegatt, Jacob
    Relationerna mellan delägare och bolag finansierade genom equity crowdfunding: en studie om makt, identitet och lojalitet2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Equity crowdfunding is a modern way for a company to finance their business. We have in this qualitative study aimed at increasing the comprehension for the relations between shareholders and companies financed through equity crowdfunding. The empirical content has been gathered through unstructured interview with representatives from companies, shareholders and industry experts. Our theory has mainly been focused on power, identity and loyalty. The interpretation and discussion of our empirical content ended up explaining the consequences of the theoretical themes we studied. We could from these themes conclude that all shareholders can through communication have great influence on the company and the identification among shareholders can be used to build loyalty. We also came to the conclusion that companies can benefit from shareholders identifying themselves with the company.

  • Kull, Ida
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Svensson, Alva
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Incitament i revisionsbyråer: Hur incitamentstyrning kan användas för att stärka det professionella och kommersiella perspektivet2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: The auditing industry can be seen as part of a profession with the idea of contributing to societal interest by objectively and independently conveying financial information. A profession is dependent on competent and qualified employees in order to maintain good audit quality. In order to do their job, there is room for themselves to decide on the approach to the work. On the other hand, the interests of the audit firms can be seen as commercial, with the idea that all companies are profit-driven and govern to achieve business goals. These two perspectives can be seen as contrasts and in conflict with each other, but both must be taken into account and are important for the agency's survival.

    Purpose: The purpose of the study is to gain an understanding of how audit firms use incentives to handle the problems of commercialism and professionalism.

    Method: A qualitative study has been conducted on three companies in the auditing profession. The empirical data has been collected through semi structured interviews.

    Conclusions: The study shows that the companies work as a hybrid and control both commercialism and professionalism depending on the given situation, through both financial and non-financial incentives. We can also see that the companies' strong socialization process contributes to a society to ensure that commercialism and subjective interests cannot take over.

  • Söderberg, Adam
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Karlsson, Daniel
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Budgetstyrning i Gasellföretag: En studie inom ekonomistyrning om hur planeringsverktyget budget används i tillväxtföretag.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Budget has been a big part of the management control system in companies and organizations for a long time. Budgeting has been the target of critic due to being incapable of fulfilling its purposes for companies that works in a changing environment. Gazelle companies are companies with high growth. These companies grow in such pace that the environment of the company constantly changes, which makes it hard for the budget to work properly according to critics. The high growth puts great demands on flexibility for the gazelle companies, while they at the same time need to be able to adjust themselves to their environment.

    By studying the budgeting control system in different gazelle companies, the purpose of this study is to understand how budget as a planning tool is operationalized in high-growth companies which works in a changing environment. This is done by comparing existing theory and see how this can be applied to a high-growth company.

    The study is a qualitive multiple case study on gazelle companies. The empirical material is based on five semi structured interviews with different gazelle companies, working in different industries. The material has been analysed with the intention to identify similarities and differences between the companies in order to answer the problem of the thesis.

    The study shows that gazelle companies choose to make a budget once they feel that they no longer have control of all the tasks in everyday work. The study also shows that budget can help avoiding unforeseen costs. The budget serves many purposes for the gazelle companies. Control, planning and distribution of responsibilities are some of the most important factors.

  • Ahlström, Ida
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, The University Library.
    Rudholm, Lynn
    Linnaeus University, The University Library.
    APC-kostnader 2018: Årlig uppföljning av kostnader för open access-publicering vid Linnéuniversitetet2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I den här rapporten redovisas en uppskattning av Linnéuniversitetets kostnader 2018 för publicering av open access-artiklar, så kallade APC:er (Article Processing Charges). Det är vanligt att tidskrifter eller förlag tar ut en sådan avgift för publicering av artiklar i open access-tidskrifter (helt öppna), eller för att göra en enstaka artikel tillgänglig i en tidskrift som annars inte är öppen (hybrid).

  • Salomonsson Mutesi, Janette
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    End-user challenges after the implementation of a new health information system: A case study in one municipality in a region in the south of Sweden2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish municipalities invest enormous amounts of resources in health information systems (HIS) in order to have a competitive edge, reduce cost in operations, faster storage and retrieval of patient information, foster transparency, efficiency and effectiveness in service delivery. This study examines the major challenges faced by the system end-users after the implementation of the new health information systems in the elderly and care homes in a municipality in a southern region of Sweden.  The rationale for the examination is derived from the discovery that the municipality is yet to fully utilize the new-HIS, despite huge investments in procurement, supervision and training of users.  The major reason why this topic was chosen was due to the challenges encountered while working as a care giver staff in one municipality in a southern region of Sweden. In this study, The technology acceptance model (TAM ) is used to better understand the current working of the new-HIS.   Mixed methods are utilized to conduct the case study; semi structured interviews and questionnaire survey. The findings of this study are presented in the findings chapter and have shown many shortcomings in the use of the new-HIS such as limited supervision from top management, inadequate skills, inadequate computers, long procedures thus time wasting, insufficient resources like financing and policies among others as further discussed in the research findings chapter in this report.  Finally, this study proposes the findings as contributions to the study of challenges faced by end-users after the introduction and reception of the new-HIS by the given case study; and it propagates share of experiences and lessons to be learned.

  • Foleby, Filip
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Forell, Jacob
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    De anonyma underleverantörerna: En fallstudie om IKEA:s leverantörsrelationer i förhållande till det egna varumärket2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Supplier relations, own brand, purchasing, competition, partnership

  • Boström, Julia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Holm, Alicia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Region Jönköpings arbete med kvalitetsregistret Senior Alert: Hur ser användandet av kvalitetsregistret Senior Alert ut och kan rutiner och arbetsprocessen komma att påverka användandet?2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Följande kombinerade studie är gjord på Region Jönköping tillsammans med kvalitetsregistret Senior Alert. Eftersom Senior Alert har en upplevelse att registret inte används i den utsträckning de själva önskar ville de ta reda på om detta var en sanningsenlig upplevelse och vad det i så fall fanns för orsaker till detta.

    Studien startade med en kvalitativ studie för att sedan skapa en bredare förståelse genom en kvantitativ enkät för att slutligen återigen göra en kvalitativ intervju med användare av registret för att skapa en djupare förståelse.

    Resultaten visade på att registret hade ett antal nyckelpunkter som kom att bli väsentliga för hur den teoretiska grunden och diskussionen skulle komma att utformas. Dessa nyckelord är Rutiner och arbetsprocess, Ledarskap, Utbildning och lärande samt Ålderns betydelse. Som senare kom att diskuteras i förhållande till tidigare forskning samt de valda teorierna, Sensemaking theory och Mintzbergs samordningsmekanismer. Detta kunde konstateras vara sådant som skulle kunna utvecklas för att göra användningen av registret samt innehållet mer komplett.

    Utifrån detta kan slutsatsen konstateras vara att det krävs en högre grad av samordning, tydligare ledarskap och mer utbildning inom Senior Alert och dess funktioner. Detta för att skapa mer kunskap och uppfylla Senior Alerts syfte att kunna föra pålitlig statistik på den information som samlas in och hämtas ur registret.

  • Elliot, Maria
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Medierna och det offentliga samtalet2019Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • Lundqvist Stenlo, Rebecca
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Swedish Language.
    "Man har ju bättre minne när man lyssnar": En studie om andraspråkselevers läsförståelse, svåra uppgifter och hur längre tid och tillgång till inläst material kan vara en framgångsfaktor.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet är att undersöka hur förlängd tid och inläst material kan förbättra provresultatet i läsförståelse för en grupp andraspråkselever på gymnasiet, vilken typ av uppgifter som kan vara särskilt problematiska, samt hur eleverna själva ser på sin egen läsförståelse. Såväl på nationella prov som i internationella studier såsom PISA och PIRLS får andraspråkselever generellt sämre resultat än förstaspråkselever och därför är det viktigt att ta reda på vilka svårigheter som finns och hur de kan övervinnas. Urvalsgruppen i studien består av elva pojkar i kursen svenska som andraspråk 1. Samtliga elever studerar på de yrkesförberedande programmen på gymnasiet. Genom prov, enkäter och intervjuer togs materialet fram.

    Resultaten visade att de elever som hade varit i Sverige längre tid generellt inte hade bättre resultat än elever som kommit till Sverige för fem år sedan eller mindre. Eleverna själva bedömde sin läsförståelse som relativt god, trots att ingen nådde upp till ett godkänt resultat på det första läsförståelsetestet. Eleverna hade svårare för uppgifter som krävde att de använde sig av inferenser, medan uppgifter som gick ut på att hitta information eller dra enkla slutsatser var lättare. När eleverna hade längre provtid och tillgång till inläst material förbättrades elevernas resultat väsentligt. Just inläst material visade sig vara en stor framgångsfaktor för många elever. Såväl minnet, koncentrationen och ordförståelsen blev bättre när eleverna fick lyssna på texterna. Resultaten kan vara av vikt när vi planerar, genomför och utvärderar andraspråkselevers undervisning för att eleverna ska få en chans att ta till sig innehållet och få visa sina kunskaper.

  • Boman, Felicia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Eriksson, Frida
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Vesterberg Lindgren, Fanny
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Artificell intelligens inflytande på tillitsfulla kundrelationer inom digital marknadsföring.: En kvalitativ studie om hur företag kan bygga tillitsfulla kundrelationer i samband med artificiell intelligens som marknadsföringsverktyg.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The digital society during the past few years has gone through a drastic developement due to the artificial intelligence. Multiple companies is starting to see great potential with implementing the technique within digital marketing purposes with customers. Despite the benefits artificial intelligence can offer, many people still worry about the reduction of the human interaction. A decrease of the human interaction can lead to difficulties in the process of creating trustworthy customer relations if artificial intelligence gets the ascendancy.

    Aim: The purpose of the study has been to investigate how companies in the consumer sector can work to create trustworthy relationships with their customers in connection with the use of artificial intelligence in digital marketing. An intention has also been to find out what role artificial intelligence can have in digital marketing.

    Method: This thesis obtains a qualitative research method and the empirical material was gathered through semi-structured interviews. Eight respondents participated, two researchers within artificial intelligence and six marketing specialists. The result has been analyzed by using previous research where artificial intelligence, digital marketing, digital communication, customer relations, trust and customer participation has been central theories.

    Conclusion: The result indicated that there are several working methods that companies can use to facilitate the construction of trusting customer relationships in connection with the implementation of AI tools. Important aspects are communication, honesty and control. Furthermore, the result has emerged that artificial intelligence will have a major role in digital marketing, based on if the customers continues to follow the development of digitalization and that companies work to maintain the customer’s trust in using this technology.

  • Skarlöv, Peter
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Breidmer, Jacob
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Svensson, Gustav
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Företags verktyg för finansiering: En flerfallstudie kring val av finansiering i svenska mikro- och småföretag 2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background and problem discussion: Every year, new companies start up, several of them are shut down shortly thereafter. One factor is the difficulty of financing as external financiers are not inclined to take risks and several companies have poor insight about the alternatives that exist when it comes to the choice of funding. Therefore, it is considered essential to study the gap through a number of micro and small companies and discuss funding methods that they have chosen for their business and how it has affected the company based on ownership distribution and business life cycle.

     

    Purpose: The purpose of the thesis is to create a deeper understanding and knowledge of the possibilities of micro and small companies to acquire capital in order to ensure the continuity and growth of the business. Through increased understanding, a contribution is made to facilitate the choice of financing method and provide valuable knowledge in the subject.

     

    Method: The essay is a qualitative study in which material collection takes place through semi-structured interviews to create a deeper understanding of the respondents. With a comparative study, the factors financing, business life cycle and ownership distribution are combined where there is no research that deals with the topics together. The survey is a multiple-case study in which 12 companies have been selected for empirical material collection.

     

    Conclusion: Reasons for the companies different funding methods depending on different stages of the life cycle are due rather to active choices made by the companies. Since no clear link between certain funding methods and stages in the life cycle, a theoretical gap was instead discovered in the life cycle model. Ownership distribution made a large impact on the choice of funding for the study's participating companies, where a clear connection is given between what each owner considers about ownership interests and what funding is then chosen.

  • Jakobsson, Oskar
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages.
    Los zombis, propuesta didáctica para la clase de ELE: Un estudio de la producción oral mediante la aplicación de una propuesta didáctica en ELE2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    At secondary school in Sweden, pupils can choose to study three different foreign languages, which are Spanish, French and German, but many pupils drop out because they don’t find it interesting because of its difficulty in learning new words and new grammatical rules (Svenska Dagbladet 2013). The reason of this can be the lack of motivation or the difficulty in learning a new language without finding it interesting. The MCER is necessary to intensify the teaching and learning of foreign languages in the EU. That would make Sweden much more efficient when it comes to communicate with other EU countries.

    What can teachers do to keep their students motivated? According to WTC theory (Willingness to communicate) it shows that a student improves his or her oral production when they learn something they are interested in, making them want to participate in class (Dörnyei, Clément and Noels, 1998). A study from Kormos and Dörnyei (2004) shows that there is a correlation between the interest of studying the language and the total number of turns and arguments the students can produce. On the basis of this study, the purpose of our study is to examine how the pupils´ oral production, i.e the number of words produced by each student, is affected by the use of fantasy in class and to study what methods the pupils prefer. We have chosen to make a didactic proposal by changing and using a fantasy theme related to the world of zombis. This work has been limited to study the amount of words produced by the students; other qualitative aspects such as correction have not been taken into account.

    First, a chapter of the ordinary text book was used in class and then the chapter from our didactic proposal was used. There were questionnaires about the used method for the pupils to fill after each chapter. They were also given an oral test after each chapter to see if their oral production had increased. The T-test was applied to make the comparison. The results were as follows: the pupils preferred working with the zombie fantasy chapter and the pupils increased the number of words produced in the speaking test.

  • Björk, Rickard
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Motivation och ledarskap i banksektorn: En kvalitativ studie om hur chefer kan jobba för att motivera medarbetare i en decentraliserad organisation2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Forskning som gjorts inom banksektorn hävdar att organisationerna som befinnersig i sektorn genomgått omfattande strukturella förändringar. Dessa strukturella förändringarkan bidra till att medarbetarnas arbetssituation och arbetssätt ändras. Detta i sig kan tänkasförändra sättet medarbetarna motiveras på i sitt arbete och vad som motiverar dem. Dåförutsättningar förändrats kring medarbetarnas motivation kan tänkas att även ledarskapetinom banksektorn behöver förändras i syfte att främja medarbetarnas motivation.Problemformulering: Kan någon ledarstil tänkas passande för att motivera medarbetarnautifrån de nya förutsättningarna som uppkommit i banksektorn av de strukturellaförändringarna?Syfte: Syftet med uppsatsen är att undersöka vilka föreställningar det finns kring motivationhos medarbetare och chefer i banksektorn samt med grund i teorier om ledarstilar resoneraom hur cheferna kan arbeta med att motivera medarbetare utifrån dessa föreställningar.Metod: Studien har använt en kvalitativ forskningsmetod. Genom den valda metoden harsemistrukturerade intervjuer gjorts för att öka förståelsen av chefer och medarbetaresföreställningar om motivation samt hur chefer kan arbeta för att stimulera medarbetarnasmotivation utifrån medarbetarnas upplevelser.Slutsats: Efter att ha gjort åtta intervjuer varav tre med chefer och fem med medarbetaredrogs en slutsats kring ifall någon ledarstil kan tänkas passande för att motivera medarbetare ibanksektorn som befinner sig i en decentraliserad organisationsstruktur.

  • Brock, Johanna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages.
    Traduire, un jeu d'enfants?: Les enjeux de la traduction en suédois d'un livre documentaire français pour enfants2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this essay is to identify and find solutions to some of the difficulties occurring when translating into Swedish a French non-fiction book for children. Solid research has already been done about translating children’s literature. However, these studies often focus on novels and picture books and rarely non-fiction books. The source text used as primary material for our translation and the essay is an extract from the non-fiction book Petites et grandes histoires des animaux disparus, written and illustrated by Damien Laverdunt and Hélène Rajcak and published in 2010 by the French publishing house Actes Sud. The book presents 27 extinct animals and the history about them and their extinction. Basing this essay on research about translating for children, we will begin with an analysis of the skopos – Reiss and Vermeer’s skopos theory about aim and function – of the source and target text, to be able to conceive the translation for our target reader and the socio-cultural and linguistic context in which the reader is living. Monica Reichenberg’s study about different versions of text-books, and their effect on a Swedish child reader’s comprehension including strategies to create a dynamic and intelligible text, will then help us to find the correct translation strategy for our target text. Finally, cultural references and their translation will be discussed considering Venuti’s studies about “domestication” and “foreignization” and Oittinen’s theories about children’s literature and “domestication”. During the essay, the translator’s choices and the motivations behind them will all be discussed taking into consideration the skopos and the linguistic and socio-cultural context of the target reader.

  • Johansson, Fredrik
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages.
    Traduire un article de recherche français en suédois: Les challenges du style elliptique du français2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to investigate the translation stategies chosen by the translator when translating present and past participles in contracted sentences in a French scientific article into Swedish. Previous research shows that the French language has a predilection for an elliptical sentences structure, whereas the Swedish language prefers complete clauses. This difference could eventually cause problems during the translation process when translating the French present and past participles in contracted sentences into Swedish. The source text has been translated into Swedish. The translation of the participles has then been categorized according to the strategy chosen by the translator and then analyzed according to the theoretical models by Eriksson (1997, 2015) and Ingo (2007). Our study shows that the majority of the present and past participles in contracted sentences in the source text has been translated into complete causes in the target text. The relative clause seems to be the most common choice by the translator. However, other strategies have sometimes been chosen, often as a consequence of an already complicated sentence structure in the target text or due to stylistic choices.

  • Windelhed, Emmy
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    We did it: En kvalitativ studie om kvinnligt entreprenörskap i musikbranschen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose and research questions

    The purpose of this essay is to examine the way that female musicians work to launch their artistry independent of larger record labels. Since the music industry is prominently dominated by men and dependent on the larger record companies this research will focus on the entrepreneurship of women in said industry. The research questions will therefore focus on how female music artists make their way when it comes to launching their artistry independent of larger records companies. How does the launch work, what tools are used and what possibilities and limitations do the women of the music industry face?

    Method

    This study features a qualitative method research with an inductive approach. By gathering the empiric material through five interviews with female independent artists that are currently active in the music business. Thereafter an analysis produced has made the answers to the research questions clear.

    Conclusion

    The conclusion of what makes a female artist successful in the music business, independent of the larger record labels, is the social network between female musicians. With a thorough development of the personal brand and a detailed launch you can use the social network between female musicians to make their way in the music business.

  • Andersson, Elise
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Olsson, Maria
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Vi vill se dig igen...: En studie om serviceinnehållets betydelse för relationer inom optikbranschen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate what the service content of a retail business means for the opportunities to create loyal relationships in line with the evolution of digitization. A case study in the optics industry is the starting point for a transfer to the retail trade.

    The study is based on a qualitative research method and the approach is based on deductive character with inductive elements. The empirical material has been collected through nine semi-structured interviews of representatives in the optics industry in Sweden.

    The result of the study indicates that the service content with its additional services can result in companies developing long-term relationships and receiving loyal customers. Furthermore, it has emerged that the activities in the service content are value-creating, but its importance varies between different companies and industries. Finally, our conclusion is that extra services can serve as a competitive advantage and show that the customer is in the company's focus.

  • Wewel, Jonathan
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Tranvik, Anton
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Kylvattenbehandling: En studie av olika korrosionsskydd för kylvattensystem till marina dieselmotorer2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Kylvatten används för att kyla framdrivningsmaskineri och övrig utrustning med kylbehov

    ombord på fartyg. För att förhindra rost i den utrustning som skall kylas, måste kylvattnet

    behandlas. Som rostskydd används idag kemikalier. I samband med byte av kylvattnet,

    hamnar dessa kemikalier ofta i havet, vilket leder till negativ miljöpåverkan.

    I detta examensarbete har möjligheten att använda kemikaliefri vattenbehandling istället för

    kemikalier som rostskydd i system med vattenburen värmeöverföring undersökts. Kontakt

    med olika företag och en intervju med personal på ett fartyg med installerad elektromagnetisk

    vattenbehandlingsutrustning har gett information för undersökningen. Vi har också gjort egna

    mätningar på vatten i värmesystem med avjoniseringsutrustning och på tekniskt vatten

    behandlat med kemikalier. Mätningarna har använts för att undersöka hur vattnet påverkas av

    dessa behandlingsmetoder.

    Denna undersökning har inte resulterat i något entydigt svar på om kemikaliefri

    vattenbehandling kan ersätta kemikalier i kylvattnet till ett fartygs framdrivningsmaskineri,

    men visat att det är ett möjligt alternativ för mindre slutna system.

  • Cicek, David
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Eklund, Jennifer
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Momentstyv anslutning mellan vägg och gavelspets i trämoduler2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study embrace the connection between wall and gable tip in a prefabricatedsingle storey house in a wooden construction. The house is built by scissor trussesand few interior walls to achieve open floor plans. This causes that stabilizingbuilding components are missing and the effect of horizontal wind loads is causingunacceptable large deflection deformation in the connection. An existing solutionusing a Kerto beam which increase the bending stiffness was investigated andanalyzed.

    The purpose of this work is to examine the capacity in the existing solutions and topresent an alternative solution that could be practical applicable. With thatknowledge accomplish the goal that is to emphasize the parameters that affects thedeflection.

    Two alternative solutions that meets the deflection requirements for a longer spanwere designed. The first alternative solution contains, except for two Kerto beams,also an interior standing beam which partly make up for the lack of stabilizinginterior walls. In the second alternative solution, four smaller columns are locatedinside the wall construction to redistribute the load. Common for the both solutionsis that the connection beam obtains a smaller span by adding columns which insome extent constitute a stabilizing component.

  • Persson, Tobias
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Hannu, Oscar
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Träfasader på höga hus: Brandtekniska möjligheter2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish legislation of building code was changed in 1994, allowingconstruction of wooden buildings over two floors. To do so there are certainfunctional requirements that must be fulfilled to obtain fire safety. This studydetermines the level of knowledge of different contractors in the constructionindustry in the subject through interviews. The possibilities of using wooden facadesin high-rise building are also presented. The study shows that several possibilities touse wooden facades i high rise buildings are possible according to the legislation.Contractors in the industry consider their knowledge to be sufficient but believesthere is a general lack of knowledge in the industry regarding fire safetyrequirements.

  • Al-Chaderchi, Balsam
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Abuabed, Mohammed
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Kartläggning av vattenskador- inverkan av byggsystem och aktörernas attityd2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study aims to investigate water damage that has become increasingly common in Swedish buildings. Water damage exposes humans to health risks due to a high risk for microbial growth. The purpose of the work is to discuss water damage, where water damage occurs and why, what costs do the insurance companies cover and what costs do the property owners cover. The study also examines how different actors view water damage and risks with different types of frame material. The result of the study is that the insurance companies assess all frame materials equally in terms of compensation for water damage, that is, they treat wood and concrete frames in the same way. However, the age of the building is more decisive as they make age deductions to evaluate the compensation for the respective water damage. Damage should be remedied as soon as possible, the faster the damage is rectified the less water damage spreads. The method used in the work was a qualitative method and the reliability is considered high since the results are consistent with the theoretical starting points.

  • Syrjäläinen, Sebastian
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Runnerstam, Matilda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Bibliotekets neutrala roll och demokratiska etos: Folkbibliotekarier om inköp och urval av politiskt kontroversiellt material2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to examine the neutral position of the public libraries in correlations to their including and democratic standards while managing political controversial material that can be viewed as xenophobic. The libraries aim is to work towards information availability to all and enabling the societal right to form an opinion. They’re an open arena for the democratic society with a strong sense of inclusion. But what happens when an opinion that is of xenophobic character speaks up? This material can put societal groups in discomfort. The study aims to find the tension in where does the public library stand in the tension of the neutral and political ethos, as well as what are the difficulties they can come to face? The data was gathered through the use of semi-structured interviews with five public librarians at five libraries located around the southern part of Sweden. New institutional theory is the theory of choice since it focuses on how the institutionalized organization relates to the surrounding world. The library should be neutral and objective while evaluating information, but the study shows that there’s been ramifications to librarians’ evaluation and decision-making due to an opinion that adheres to human values. A selection must be made, the quality of the work should be the focus, not personal values. The discussion has shown that libraries institutional structure can be a product by a higher organization. At the same time, pressure is being put on the library from the society from all types of angles. This is a balancing act; the libraries adhere to the bylaws that they must follow. The bylaws in question are the library act but also the libraries self constructed media plans. But the core of it all lies in how the libraries express themselves during the evaluation and purchasing of material.

  • Sandell, Joel
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Optimera förbrukningen vid framdrift?: Drift med en eller två framdrivningsmaskiner.2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Ammon, Linnea
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Decolonising the University Curriculum in South Africa: A Case Study of the University of the Free State2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the aftermath of the 2015-2016 student protests on South African university campuses, many universities are struggling with how to respond to the demands put forward by students to end epistemic violence and decolonise curriculum. The following research is an abductive case study, investigating the process of decolonising curriculum in higher education at the University of the Free State in South Africa through the perspectives of staff and lecturers. The views of staff and lecturers are captured through 12 semi-structured interviews and analysed with the help of a framework by Jansen (2017a), based on six conceptions of decolonisation. The findings reveal that the UFS appears to be taking an approach to decolonising the university curriculum that primarily is concerned with adding on to curriculum or placing Africa at the centre. In taking these approaches, the university risks implementing changes that will result in superficial changes, instead of seeing curriculum as a strand influenced by many other equally important issues which indirectly can assist in decolonising it. Moreover, decolonial changes at the UFS are found to be slow and despite some important progress, the question remains if it is deep enough to truly move towards a genuine epistemic openness. Regarding decolonial teaching methods, findings demonstrated incredibly diverse understandings among the informants, indicating that the UFS has not clearly communicated a way forward. Finally, the interviews revealed that the majority of the informants did not feel confident to teach in a decolonial way. If a decolonial pedagogy is essential for the curriculum to be decolonized, as is argued in earlier literature, then the sample group in this study indicates that most lecturers at the UFS are not well prepared to respond to this. 

    The study concludes that achieving a decolonised curriculum at the UFS is something which cannot be accomplished at a moment but the findings indicate that there are some progressive forces around the university which may speed up transformation. The study further concludes that the paper has reached some insights on barriers to transformation and the challenges that lay ahead for academics if the university is to truly decolonise the university curriculum.

  • Marquot, Antoine
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. ICN Business School.
    Meyer, Carolin
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. ICN Business School.
    Attractive, annoying or apathetic: Exploring the perception of the contemporary phenomenon of vegan advertisement: The associations of students in the south of Sweden with as vegan advertised assets2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The proliferation of attention given to environmental issues in politics, the media and economics is distinctive for one of the biggest trend movement of the last decades. Past studies have focused on researching green marketing as an emerging topic of importance. However, as vegan advertising is increasingly commonplace on product packages, this thesis provides novel empirical research following an exploratory mixed method research model, investigating the perception of students in the south of Sweden regarding vegan advertised products. Including qualitative in-depth interviews as well as a quantitative online survey, the study provides detailed insights into consumer biases and associations with the term’s vegan and plant-based and its influence on product selection choices. Findings, as well as recommendations are submitted and completed in a conclusive discussion.

  • Public defence: 2019-09-27 13:00 Ra0085
    Lindgren, Patric
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Småstat i brytningstid: Sveriges säkerhetspolitiska orientering efter tre världskonflikter under 1900-talet2019Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to explain how small states, in this case Sweden, security politics adapts to new circumstances after great conflicts in the 20th century. The analytical model is built by a combination of the opposite theories of international politics, realism and idealism, combined with actor based and structure based perspectives and thus creating a four field analytical matrix.

    The empirical foundation constitutes of three post conflict periods; post-first world war, post-second world war and post-cold war periods. For every period three cases are analyzed; one foreign politics initiative, one association to an international organization and one defence politics decision. In the post-first world war period the focus is on the Swedish intervention of the Åland archipelago, the association to the League of Nations and disarmament decision in 1925. In the post-second world war period the focus is on the association of Sweden to the United Nations, the Swedish initiative to a Scandinavian defence alliance and the defence decision of 1948. In the post-cold war period the focus is on the Swedish association to the European Union, the Swedish participation in the NATO led IFOR operation in Bosnia and the defence decision in 1996.

    The main conclusions of these investigations are that small states, like Sweden, both are restricted in their foreign and security politics by international structures and able to use the same structure to promote their interests. Time is a key element for analyzing both structural and actor based aspects of a small states capacity. Also, in the case of Sweden, there tends to be a tension between an idealistic dominated politics and a realistic dominated politics when it comes to foreign and security politics, and that idealism seems to have increased in the latter period.

  • Johansson, Elias
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of computer science and media technology (CM).
    Separation and Extraction of Valuable Information From Digital Receipts Using Google Cloud Vision OCR.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Automatization is a desirable feature in many business areas. Manually extracting information from a physical object such as a receipt is something that can be automated to save resources for a company or a private person. In this paper the process will be described of combining an already existing OCR engine with a developed python script to achieve data extraction of valuable information from a digital image of a receipt. Values such as VAT, VAT%, date, total-, gross-, and net-cost; will be considered as valuable information. This is a feature that has already been implemented in existing applications. However, the company that I have done this project for are interested in creating their own version. This project is an experiment to see if it is possible to implement such an application using restricted resources. To develop a program that can extract the information mentioned above. In this paper you will be guided though the process of the development of the program. As well as indulging in the mindset, findings and the steps taken to overcome the problems encountered along the way. The program achieved a success rate of 86.6% in extracting the most valuable information: total cost, VAT% and date from a set of 53 receipts originated from 34 separate establishments.

  • Johansson, Maria
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Intensivvårdsdagbok i Sverige: betydelse och tillämpning2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The overall aim of the thesis was to explore how the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) diary was experienced by family members, family members of non-survivors and nursing staff in the ICU setting, thereby contributing to the development of national clinical practice guidelines regarding the structure, content and use of the ICU diary.

    Methods:  A qualitative design was employed for all four studies:  a hermeneutic approach was adopted in studies I and II, whilst a qualitative descriptive design with the use of focus groups interviews was chosen in study III. An Instrumental Multiple Case Study design was carried out in study IV.

    Main Findings: The diary symbolised the maintenance of relationships with the patients and was a substitute for the usual opportunities for communication. The diary was instrumental in meeting the needs of the majority of participant family members. The diary provided the means to be present at the patient’s bedside, to feel involved in caregiving, to maintain hope and to relay relevant information. If the critically ill family member did not survive the stay in the ICU, the diary acted as a form of bereavement support by processing the death of the patient. Nevertheless, some family members found the diary too public an arena to write in as the diary entries indicated visiting patterns which in turn provoke feelings of guilt when the visits were infrequent. Further, not knowing what to write was another source of pressure.

    Nursing staff experienced that writing diaries often felt meaningful and led to an increased motivation and engagement in patient care and family support. They expressed that they felt they did something good for the patient and family members. Thus, the diary can be seen as a way to promote person-centred care, where family members were offered to participate in the care. However, in the absence of guidelines or clear guidelines about the use of an ICU diary, then not many patients actually received a diary.

    Conclusions: Practice guidelines concerning ICU diaries would help to ensure the more widespread and consistent use of diaries for all ICU patients. As family members may benefit from the diary, even if the patient may not always be able to do so. The ICU diary can be seen as a tool to help promote person-centred care by directly involving family members and providing a human touch, thus helping to counterbalance the highly technical physical environment of ICU.

  • Ljungström, Sixten
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Sömnlös i sjuksäng: En litteraturstudie om faktorer som påverkar sömnen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Människan sover ungefär en tredjedel av livet. Sömnen har en återhämtande och reparerande funktion på kroppen. Sömnbrist kan leda till en rad problem som bl a försämrad sårläkning, försämrat immunförsvar, oro och högt blodtryck. Stress och sjukdom kan orsaka sömnbrist.

    Syfte: Syftet med studien var att undersöka vilka faktorer som påverkar sömnen negativt vid sjukhusvistelse.

    Metod: Litteraturöversikt enligt Friberg (2012) Arbetet är baserat på 12 vetenskapliga artiklar med kvantitativ ansats

    Resultat: Resultatet är grundat i tre kategorier: Miljöfaktorer; Kroppsliga och psykologiska faktorer, samt Inverkan från vårdpersonal.

    Slutsats: Sömnkvalitén hos patienterna påverkas negativt av ett flertal faktorer under sjukhusvistelsen. Därför är det viktigt att sjuksköterskan har god kunskap om sömnens betydelse och vilka faktorer som påverkar den.

  • Lozano Prieto, David
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of computer science and media technology (CM).
    Data analysis and visualization of the 360degrees interactional datasets2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Nowadays, there has been an increasing interest in using 360degrees video in medical education. Recent efforts are starting to explore how nurse students experience and interact with 360degrees videos. However, once these interactions have been registered in a database, there is a lack of ways to analyze these data, which generates a necessity of creating a reliable method that can manage all this collected data, and visualize the valuable insights of the data. Hence, the main goal of this thesis is to address this challenge by designing an approach to analyze and visualize this kind of data. This will allow teachers in health care education, and medical specialists to understand the collected data in a meaningful way. To get the most suitable solution, several meetings with nursing teachers took place to draw the first draft structure of an application which acts as the needed approach. Then, the application was used to analyze collected data in a study made in December. Finally, the application was evaluated through a questionnaire that involved a group of medical specialists related to education. The initial outcome from those testing and evaluations indicate that the application successfully achieves the main goals of the project, and it has allowed discussing some ideas that will help in the future to improve the 360degrees video experience and evaluation in the nursing education field providing an additional tool to analyze, compare and assess students. 

  • Axelsson, Emmy
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Swedish Language.
    Identitet och makt i samisk litteratur: En postkolonial feministisk litteraturanalys av Linnea Axelssons lyrikepos Ædnan2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att genom en analys av fyra utdrag ur Linnea Axelssons lyrikepos Ædnan undersöka karaktärernas upplevelser som samiska kvinnor i det svenska majorietssamhället. Med utgångspunkt i den postkoloniala och den feministiska postkoloniala teorin diskuteras verkets användbarhet i svenskundervisningen på gymnasiet. Studien visar att verket och karaktärerna riktar en postkolonial kritik mot det svenska majorietssamhället. Verket lämpar sig väl för svenskämnets litteraturdel eftersom den berör flera aspekter inom ämnets centrala innehåll. Karaktärerna har analyserats utifrån teman makt och identitet, vilket är lämpliga teman för att även i undervisningen belysa mångkulturalitet och utanförskap. Att verket representerar en postkolonial kritik utifrån karaktärernas upplevelser som same och kvinna har i studien varit fördelaktigt i didaktiska sammanhang då det berör både det centrala innehållet i svenskämnet och skolans värdegrundsuppdrag. Potentialen med verket är därmed stor eftersom eleverna genom karaktärerna kan få kunskap om minoritetsgruppers relation till majorietssamhället samt själva få insikt om normer och värderingar som det västerländska samhället bygger på.

  • Almqvist, Joakim
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Olsson, Andreas
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Transkulturell omvårdnad: En litteraturstudie som belyser vårdpersonalens erfarenheter av att vårda vuxna flyktingar och asylsökande2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund Många människor har på senare år tvingats fly från sina hemländer. Detta har resulterat i att vårdpersonalen vårdar allt fler människor med olika kulturella bakgrunder. Vårdpersonal möter allt oftare flyktingar och asylsökande som bär på traumatiska upplevelser och skiftande hälsotillstånd. Att vårda människor från andra kulturer kan vara utmanande för vårdpersonalen då de ska kunna ge en god kvalitativ vård på lika villkor till alla människor. Syfte Att belysa vårdpersonalens erfarenheter av att vårda vuxna flyktingar och asylsökande. Metod Utformad som en litteraturstudie. Sammanlagt valdes 8 kvalitativa artiklar ut från databaserna Cinahl och PsycINFO till kvalitetsgranskning. Resultatet diskuterades i förhållande till den valda teorin. Resultat Delas in i 2 kategorier och 7 subkategorier. Första kategorin är Vårdpersonalens erfarenheter av att kommunicera där språkbarriärer och tolk som hjälpmedel blev subkategorier. Den andra kategorin Vårdpersonalens erfarenheter av att vårda innefattar ohälsa kopplat till flyktingar, kulturella skillnader, grundläggande aspekter i vårdandet, utmaningar för vårdpersonal samt betydelsefullt och utvecklande arbete som subkategorier. Vårdpersonal upplevde att det var svårt att kommunicera. Att använda tolk var problematiskt. Krig, våld, olyckor och ohälsosamma levnadsförhållanden bidrog till en mängd olika hälsobesvär. Kulturella skillnader försvårade omvårdnaden. Familjefokuserad omvårdnad, en stödjande vårdrelation med förtroende och möjlighet till samtal var viktiga aspekter i omvårdnaden. Resultatet diskuterades utifrån Madeleine Leiningers teori om vård av kulturell mångfald och universalitet. Slutsats Det behövs en större kulturell medvetenhet bland vårdpersonal för att kunna bemöta och ge en god kvalitativ vård till flyktingar och asylsökande.

  • Dedovic, Melina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Ett kunskapsöverförande arbetssätt med engagemang som nyckelroll: En studie av hur medarbetare upplever arbetssättet i en utvald process på en fallorganisation 2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The report has examined how silent and explicit knowledge can interact, in order to create efficient knowledge transfer between employees. The case company that has been investi-gated has for a long time been aware that the working method in a selected process at the company does not work efficiently. During the study, it has emerged, among other things,

    that it takes a long time to apply the process to different projects and that employees deliver

    results that do not meet the same quality.

    A qualitative study has been carried out on the case company through employee interviews, in order to find out the experience of a unit's working method, process documentation and communication in a process. It has been important to examine an employee perspective, as this is lacking in previous research. Previous scientific studies highlight, among other things, studies on how processes and working methods should work for entire organizations, as well as how this affects managers and superiors, but does not really stipulate anything

    about the employee's perspective in knowledge processes.

    The study's results show that employees feel dissatisfied with the way in which the process works, as the employees' own approaches are used to create temporary solutions to problems that arise in the process. It has also been found that instructions added to the process are not used for this purpose as they are intended. They are unclear and contain too much text. Another major problem that has been identified is the informal communication in the pro-cess. Shortcomings in information transfer between managers and co-workers have resulted in misunderstandings. Employees are currently not involved in development work and also feel that they lose commitment and motivation to work effectively in the process. The report contains suggestions for measures to create effective communication transfer within selected unit and process and hence become a more learning organization. The suc-cess of the study has been to show that a standardized Lean-based working method in which employees work similarly increases motivation and consensus. This leads to a more con-sistent quality in the process and enables a work with continuous improvements.

  • Back, Simon
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Lendrén, Emil
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Verksamhet och samspel under förändring: En fallstudie om hur taktisk- och operativ personal upplever kritiska framgångsfaktorer under förändringsprojekt2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In theoretical viewpoints of working with changing conditions in organizations, there are several different aspects to consider in order to achieve gratifying result. What can be considered a successful result for these projects is varying and subjectively interpretable between different internal groups and hierarchical levels that may have different opinions. Through this essay we look at a change management project for a process at a manufacturing plant and from results of previous research we have selected five aspects to consider during the course of this project. The five aspects are: 1) management, 2) leadership, 3) co-determination, 4) technology and 5) information and communication. In addition to these five selected aspects, we also found that considering time, priority, purpose and motivation for the project played a major part for the end result. What the result of this essay will come to show is that different hierarchical groups in the organization of the project had different viewpoints and ways of prioritizing the selected aspects. Whether the project was a success or not, opinions were several depending on what staff force to ask. After the project was finished and submitted, the new process was fully implemented in the organization.

  • Mendel, Oskar
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of computer science and media technology (CM).
    Bergström, Jesper
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of computer science and media technology (CM).
    SIMD Optimizations of Software Rendering in 2D Video Games2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Optimizing rendering is one of the greatest challenges faced by game developers. Most game engines make use of hardware rendering which uses technology specifically built for rendering. Before such hardware existed, game developers had to rely on the CPU to render their games. This is known as software rendering. Software rendering is not commonly used nowadays but has been seen in cases such as a backup for when the end users machine does not support the hardware based renderer of the application. Since the CPU is not purposely built for rendering, unlike the GPU, the developer has to perform optimizations to make the renderer more efficient in terms of speed. In this thesis, we present an approach which is a subset of parallel programming called Single Instruction, Multiple Data. This technique operates on vector based registers which means operations can be performed on multiple pieces of data at once. This is applied to an already built game engine in order to optimize its rendering. The results show a speed-up of 90.5% and a framerate increase from 30 frames per second to 133 frames per second within the rendering routine.

  • Blom, Rebecka
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Douglas, Ebba
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Johansson, Cathrine
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    E-handelns roll inom industriell marknadsföring: En fallstudie på Stena Components Nybro AB2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: The role of e-commerce in industrial marketing: a case study of Stena Components Nybro AB Writers: Rebecka Blom, Ebba Douglas and Cathrine Johansson Mentor: Leif Rytting

    Examiner: Richard Afriyie Owusu Course: 2FE77E Business Administration III - Marketing, Bachelor degree project

    Purpose

    The purpose of this study is to analyze and clarify the importance of e-commerce regarding to service experiences and accessibility. The industrial sector stands in the center of the study and its importance of maintaining and strengthening existing customer relations. The study is a case study of Stena Components Nybro AB.

    Method

    The study is based on a qualitative study and is a case study at Stena Components Nybro AB. The empirical data consists of nine semi structured interviews where both business and customers perspective has been observed.

    Conclusion

    The results of the study showed that customer experience in the industrial sector is a co- creation process between customer and business. It has also been found that e- commerce can release human resources, which increases the availability through increased personal contact. The study also presented that CRM-system and high service created a strong and sustainable relationship between businesses.

    Keywords

    Digitization, e-commerce, customer relations, accessibility, quality of service.

    Allocation of work

    The authors have participated equally in all parts of the thesis process.

  • Lind, Sofie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Lärare är ju inte socionomer: En etnografisk studie om hur skolkuratorns yrkesroll förhandlas i ett multiprofessionellt sammanhang2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to examine how the role of the school counselor is negotiated and can be understood through the interaction with other professions at the school. This was done through observations of collaborative meetings concerning pupils with high problematic school absence and qualitative interviews with four school counselors. The theoretical framework of the study consists of a number of concepts associated with symbolic interactionism. Previous studies show that the profession as a school counselor is associated with weak state governance and vague descriptions of the assignment's practical meaning. This in combination with numerical disadvantage makes the school counselor's role sensitive to ambient expectations within the school organization. Accordingly, the present study shows that the role of school counselor takes different forms depending on the organization in question, as well as the school counselor's own perception of his- or herself in the role. The studie also show that the school counselors seem to put a great responsibility on themselves when it comes to conveying and standing up for the boundaries and meaning of their experienced assignment. As fundamental for the assignment, the school counselors see a preference for the pupil, which sometimes puts them in a position where they need to be critical of the educational organization, which can mean a vulnerability for them selfs in the role. At the same time, the school counselors describe this as an important function for the role and mean that it is part of their psychosocial competence to be able to respond to both educational personell and pupils from the individual's perspective and needs. They also see the openness of the assignment as enabling since they are allowed to adapt their work forms based on these needs as well as what they themselves attach importance to in the assignment.

  • Birath, Josephine
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Olofsson, Tove
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Att klä sig rätt: En studie om normers reglering av unga kvinnors klädkonsumtion2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Gender, age and appearance are examples of factors that affect individuals' identity. Consumption of clothing is therefore a key element that makes people a part of society and its development. A correct type of clothing consumption is needed to remain part of a community, both among friends and in society, in order not to risk deviating. What is considered right, and wrong way of consuming is regulated by different social norms and processes. Historically, consumption and appearance have been more important for women than for men. In order to successfully demonstrate their status, class and identity, women are expected to relate to certain types of norms and consume clothes in a certain way. The aim is therefore to provide further understanding of what norms and social processes that regulate Swedish women between the ages of 20–27 in their clothing consumption.

    Due to the thematic width shown in the study’s empirical data, several different theoretical concepts and theories are used, mainly Goffman’s analysis method and identity along with gender as a theoretical concept. The study is based on ten semi-structured interviews with women from central and southern Sweden. The outcome shows four norms and social processes that regulate young women’s clothing consumption. These are society's norms on the female body, the impact of social debate, age influence on their clothing style and the importance of friend’s opinions. The main conclusion is that all women adhere to these four norms and social processes when they consume clothes and that partially happens unconsciously.

  • Berg, Karolina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Dödligt våld under 1950-19592019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    This essay is about criminal cases with deadly outcomes in Skåne during the period 1950 - 1959. The seven chosen cases were gathered from criminal records from the ”härdansrätt” in Frosta and Eslöv. These cases have not previously been written about and therefore somewhat unheard of. The focus will lay on the gender, age and social status of the perpetrators. Some of the years in are of less importance since no crimes with deathly outcome was found. The most dominated cause of death are crimes commired in traffic. Traffic offenses spiked in the 1950’s when the use of motor vehicles was more common and more people fell victim to those kind of accidents. The main point of the essay is to examine why the accidents/crimes led to death and how the media wrote about it.

    Sweden’s first mass murderer, Tore Hedin, will be mentioned. He is worth mentioning since he was active during the chosen time period, but since he wasn’t put before a trial, he won’t be part of the main study.

  • Grudic, Lejla
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Gör din plikt, kräv din rätt: En kvalitativ studie om uppkomsten av civilt engagemang och den tredje sektorns inträdeströsklar2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The past 10 years has been filled with an ambition to encourage the non- profit sector to become a producer of welfare services by making it easier to apply for financial aid and co-operation. Non-profit labour is described as a force that is not driven by financial gains but with the purpose to contribute to the overall welfare of the citizens. Many studies have so far tried to understand the underlying motives behind non-profit labour and its structure historically but what effect has social relationships on the emergence of civic engagement and what kind of resources are necessary to enter the third sector? The main purpose of this study is to contribute to previous studies made in the field of non-profit-labour by further investigating the importance of social relationships for the entrance to the third sector and the requirements to get involved in a non-profit organization. This study is based on 16 interviews made with individuals who are currently engaged in a non-profit organization. The material was analyzed by Mark Granovetters theory based on the strength of weak ties and Pierre Bourdieu theory onfields, habitus and capital. The theories made it possible to highlight and understand the importance of different relationships in the development of civic engagement and the informal requirements that create thresholds. 


    The main conclusions of this study is that distant friendships contribute to spontaneous civic engagement while close relationships with relatives encourage civic engagement in specific organizations that have a meaning, purpose and connection to the family. The findings of this study further indicates that informal thresholds exist to get involved in the third sector. The participants have experienced competition in the field with other organizations to gain financial resources and to initiate innovative projects to deserve these resources. To be able to engage in a non-profit organization the participants are not only expected to have specific values and a specific force. Participants of the third sector value differents resources over others. Resources such as academic knowledge, personal experience and insight are highly valued and seen as legitimate by peers in the same field.