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  • Carlson, Johan
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Ljung, Johannes
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Efter sjökaptensexamen: 2010-talets sjöbefäl i arbetslivet2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis focuses on study of the employment market for graduates from the Master Mariner degree that graduated in 2010, 2013 and 2016. It is a comparison between the three years of graduation within two Swedish universities that offer the Master Mariner programme. Data collection with combined quantitative and qualitative techniques within a mixed-mode study. Results show a majority occupied within the maritime sector, although vessel-based employment has decreased compared to past studies and redundancy is an emerging element. The percentage occupied within the vessel-based sector is higher in Kalmar Maritime Academy, Linnaeus University, compared to Chalmers University, the results from which show a higher concentration in shore-based occupation. The conclusion of this thesis is that the employment market for graduates from maritime institutions in Sweden is undergoing change. 

  • Nilsson-Mineur, Christoffer
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Berglund, Amanda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Tonnageskatt i praktiken: En matematisk beräkning2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper takes a look at the tonnage tax implemented in Sweden in 2017. The paper presents basic information about the tonnage tax in Sweden and a comparison to its neighbouring countries Finland and Denmark to give the reader understanding why Sweden has decided to implement the new tonnage tax system. The paper asks the question of how the new system affects a shipping company in practice through a case study of three different vessels where the economic result is presented through a result calculation in simplified form. Furthermore the paper asks the question whether the vessels size or what type of vessel it is, affect the economic result, positively or negatively. The paper shows that there is a major difference, between ships of different sizes, whether it is positive or negative to adopt the new system. The paper also shows that there are large differences in costs for the new system depending on what type of vessel it concerns.

  • Nyman Wikström, Maria
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences. Kvinna.
    Sara och Rut: Om gamla testamentets matriarkala mödrar ur ett tidlöst perspektiv i en mansdominerad värld2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate Sarah and Ruth – the matriarchs and women of The Old Testament – as women in a world dominated by men, and the issue in this study is about what contextual symbolism and function Sarah and Ruth have with the starting point from their contextual roles and status in a world of patriarchs. The method of this study is the hermeneutic attempt to create an interpretive community combined with descriptions from religious texts and research. This study comes to the conclusion that the biblical women Sarah and Ruth in their chosenness have the gift and values of timelessness sprung from virtues of faithful love, smartness, firmness, pride and loyalty in a world where men, for good and for worse, set the boundaries but women suffer the consequences.

  • Thorsell, André
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Sjöstrand, Johan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Färjornas betydelse: En undersökning om vilken betydelse färjetrafiken har för medelstora städer2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    To travel by ferry in Sweden is very popular, both for pleasure and as a means of transport. Whatever reason you have for travelling by ferry, you often have to travel through a city to arrive at the ferry terminal. The purpose of this essay is to investigate in what ways the cities benefit by their ferry lines and terminals. By making our own investigation, containing passenger surveys and interviews with carefully chosen persons in these specific areas, it was possible to analyze how and if the cities benefit by their ferries. The result of this investigation shows that the passengers’ consumption, when they travel through the cities, is negligible. Considering the revenue of the trade and industry, this consumption is very small. If the ferry terminal had been closed down in some of the investigated cities the loss of revenue in a grocery store that participated in the survey would have been so small that the company would have had a hard time figuring out that the loss was because of the closure of the terminal. The survey however showed that the ferry lines and their terminals contributed in other ways to the cities, for example through the fairway fee and the cities’ reputation.

  • Näslund, Shirley
    Örebro University.
    Födandets sociala utformning: språkliga och kroppsliga praktiker i förlossningsrummet2013Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis explores the social construction of birth by analyzing the interaction between the participants present in the delivery room. The data is drawn from 79 video recordings of birth. Six are unedited research recordings and the remaining 73 were edited for pedagogical, documentary and entertaining purposes. The theoretical and analytical perspective is Conversation Analysis. With this microanalytic method, a detailed insight is given to the interaction in the delivery room which should be of linguistic, anthropologic and midwifery interest.

    The thesis demonstrates how different situations are shaped during labor and the first 15 minutes after birth. It reveals how the identities child, girl, boy, mother, father, woman and man are constructed and negotiated in the unfolding interaction between the participants. In this sense, the thesis uncovers the construction of family roles in the delivery room during a delicate interaction between the private persons and the institutional representatives. The latter are charged with the complex task of safeguarding the physical wellbeing of mother and child while also promoting the development of parental identities. The thesis highlights the existence of a social birth work; the institutional interactants make use of a range of linguistic resources to demarcate the progression from second stage labor to birth and to position the newborn as an endeared social creature. Birth is an important liminal situation and is therefore forcefully spoken forth, and, as the thesis shows, enhanced with more or less ritual utterances and actions. Birth is also a matter of bodies, the body in labor, the supporting body of the partner and the appearance of the body of the newborn. The thesis gives insight into how these bodies are managed and stylized in interaction. Further the thesis makes visible the midwife’s use of interactional resources to instill strength into the body of the woman in labor. The results are discussed in light of the socio-cultural circumstances for hospital birth in Sweden.

  • Dusak Johansson, Rose Marie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Dokumentationsdilemma: En kvalitativ studie om dokumentation i fritidshem.2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Idag är fritidsverksamheten enligt skollagen ålagd att ur ett systematiskt kvalitetsarbete skapa förutsättningar för lärande. De förutsättningarna skapas genom att verksamheter dokumenterar och reflekterar över den insamlande dokumentationen. Syftet med min undersökning är att utifrån fritidslärarnas perspektiv få förståelse för dokumentation i förhållande till verksamhetens måluppfyllelse samt det systematiska kvalitetsarbetet. Pedagogerna inser att det är viktigt att dokumentera för att utveckla verksamheten och de är duktiga på att bjuda in barnen i verksamhetens planering. Jag har använt mig av en kvalitativ studie med semistrukturerade intervjuer med fyra fritidslärare på två skolor för att få fram min empiri. I granskningen av resultatet vilar min teoretiska utgångspunkt på läroplansteorin samt ramfaktorteorin. Resultatet visar att det råder tidsbrist för planering och att lärarna har olika roller inom skolan vilket gör att även om viljan och insikten finns till att dokumentera i förhållande till systematiskt kvalitetsarbete så görs det bristfälligt.

  • Dalarsson, Mariana
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Physics and Electrical Engineering.
    Nordebo, Sven
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Physics and Electrical Engineering.
    The absorption of electromagnetic (EM) waves by a spherical dilute suspension of nanoparticles2017Report (Other academic)
  • Löwe, Konstantin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages.
    Haben die Herero und Nama das Recht auf eine Entschädigung für die Ausrottung der namibischen Stämme 1903 - 1907?2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay seeks to give an account of the German-Herero/Nama conflict of 1903-1907, often labelled the first genocide of the 20th century, and to address the question, whether the Namibian tribes of the Herero and Nama have the right to claim reparations from Germany. After explaining the historical narrative, a legal discussion is held which underlines the complexity of the issue, bringing in the difficulty of the definition of “genocide” as a legal term, the question of German state succession, as well as the domestic struggles of contemporary Namibian politics. With all factors taken into consideration the conclusion is reached that the question is not answerable with a simple “yes” or “no”, but must ultimately be solved in direct negotiations between the involved parties.

  • Wu, Fei
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Design.
    Cyan in mist: Sustainable packaging design for Chinese tea2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Packaging is a topic under debate and scrutiny intoday’s society, due to its obvious environmentaldetriment – but also the business opportunities – tied tominimizing or even eliminating packaging.therefore, in this thesis, the aim is to introduce Chinesetea culture to the Swedish through packaging design,By tea culture studies and surveys of the Swedishmarket, with less is more, and minimalism designtheory to design elegant and Sustainable package. Withthis design, convey the Chinese tea ceremony cultureand Zen philosophy.Through the study of Chinese tea culture, then analysiscurrent tea packaging on Chinese and Swedish markets,from the structure, color, material...every aspects ofpackaging design to show the Chinese tea culture in theSwedish market.4According to our respondents and theory, packaging isa big component in a brand's marketing strategy and tocommunicate the brand’s message and values.Marketing information can be designed into visualelements that are used on the package to communicatea message which could speak out the consumers'emotions. But packaging is a topic under debate andscrutiny in today’s society, due to its obviousenvironmental detriment – but also the businessopportunities.So, how to balance the commercial and environmentalthose two aspects and how to express sustainabledesign in my project, is the major issues I have to figureout.Key words: Chinese tea culture, less is more,sustainable packaging design, graphic design, Zen andtea ceremony, tea business marketing

  • Nelson, Andreas
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Kristmansson, Elias
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Bullerexponering: Bullermätning av Hultsfreds/Virserums reningsverk.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med detta arbete är att utreda bullernivå och åtgärder för två olika reningsverk inom ÖSK. I detta arbete har Hultsfred och Virserum undersökts, för att kontrollera om anläggningarna följer arbetsmiljöverkets krav. Detta kommer göras genom mätningar, beräkningar och litteraturstudie. Resultatet av dessa undersökningar blev denna rapport, här kommer man kunna läsa om vilka bullernivåer som uppmättes samt vilka krav dessa anläggningar måste följa. Bilder och grafer kommer att användas för att ge läsaren en uppfattning om vad det är man tittar på och hur bullernivåerna förhåller sig till varandra. Resultatet av detta arbete blev att alla rummen är godkända utifrån frågeställningen men vissa rum kräver åtgärder om man vistats längre stunder i dem.

  • Morän, Linn
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Turnéliv - En dans på rosor?: En etnografiskt inspirerad studie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Tidigare forskning visar på att det oftare rapporteras om mentala hälsoproblem som ångest, stress, rastlöshet, depression och sömnproblem bland yrkesmusiker än någon annan yrkesgrupp. Det visar sig även att yrkesmusiker upplever mer konflikter i hemmet när de försöker att balansera arbete och familjeliv då de tillbringar mycket tid hemifrån. Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka och söka förståelse för hur kringresande musikers yrkesutövning påverkar deras hälsa, familjeliv och livsstil. För att besvara syftet används en kvalitativ metod som är etnografiskt inspirerad för att skapa så stor förståelse som möjligt för yrket. Detta görs genom triangulering som innebär fältarbete, intervjuer, observationer och där författaren under ett par dagar upplever musikers vardag och levnadssätt. Informanterna som följs är fyra män i åldrarna 25-52, som alla spelar i samma band. Resultaten i denna studie visar att bandmedlemmarna är medvetna om att livet på turné är en livsstil som påverkar familj och hälsa, men med bra stöd från familj och vänner och rätt inställning från dem själva är detta levnadssätt hanterbart där passionen till musiken är den drivande länken.

  • Martinsson, Richard
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Johansson, Niclas
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Utredning av kyleffektfördelning i kylrum: En analys av kyleffektbehov samt förlustfaktorer gällande två kylrum för livsmedel2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is conducted on behalf of DGL AB. The purpose was to investigate why the temperature does not drop to the desired level in two different cooling storages whom are used for cooling and storing of prepackaged groceries. The project was carried out with the help of loss calculations and temperature measurements to identify and estimate size as well as percentage differences in different loss factors. The sites measurements outlined the basis for this project. The cooling effect requirement is calculated based on the company's actual maximum production amount per day.

    The results showed that the effect of the cooling unit is oversized, however the cooling radiators capacity was too low considering the amount of losses. The outcome of the study suggest a decrease in thermal transmission losses through isolation of walls and ceilings in each of the cooling storages as well as isolation of the cooling water tank located in cooling storage 2. Cleaning of the cooling radiators flanges, supplementing or replacing with other cooling radiators that has more power output was additional suggestions to the result.

  • Herrala Steneros, Jonathan
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Olsson, Johan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Utökat serviceintervall: Utökat serviceintervall för smältugnar hos Xylem Inc.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to find a method for Xylem inc, in Emmaboda, to measure the wear of the furnace lining in their melting furnaces. The survey was conducted using a mapping of how foundries in Sweden measure the lining on their melting furnaces, further on which products are available on the market today to find the method best suited for Xylem inc.

    Mainly contact was made via telephone and mail with foundries and various product manufacturers as well as a visit to Federal mogul, which has a system in operation. Information from a functioning system is of interest to the investigation as a comparison is possible for Xylem inc. After the data was collected, the results for Xylem inc were presented. Then Xylem selected two systems for which they wanted a profitability calculation. The profitability calculation showed that the time it would take to earn the investment was high.

    The conclusion was that the expensive system, SAVEWAY, is most reliable. It is a system that is already available on the market, and it also contributes to increased security regarding plant and personnel. The cheap option, Cobalt 3D Imager, is a system that could work well over time, provided you further develop pieces regarding assembly, approach and automation. 

  • Hagberg, Christina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    Att be om hjälp: Hur ser unga vuxna med neuropsykiatriskt funktionshinder på den hjälp och stöd de får idag?2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att få en ökad förståelse för hur unga vuxna med ett neuropsykiatriskt funktionshinder som bor på boenden med särskilt stöd ser på den hjälp och det stöd de får av professionella hjälpare idag. Frågeställningarna är: Hur upplever unga vuxna att de kan få hjälp och stöd med psykiska problem? Vilket inflytande har de på den hjälp de kan få och vilket inflytande har omgivningen (personal och anhöriga) på dem? Studien utgår från den hermeneutiska forskningstraditionen och har en kvalitativ ansats. Sex intervjuer har genomförts med respondenter som bor på boende med särskilt stöd och som har ett neuropsykiatriskt funktionshinder. Som teoretisk utgångspunkt har jag valt self-detemination theory, det vill säga: självbestämmandeteorin. Resultatet visar att halva gruppen upplever att de fått god hjälp att hantera svårigheter medans den andra halvan tycker det är svårt att få den hjälp de egentligen behöver. Ibland handlar det om självkänslan, att erkänna att man behöver hjälp känns som att erkänna att det är något fel. Mycket beror på den personal de möter, har de en god relation upplevs allt så mycket enklare.

  • Collin, Mimmie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages.
    L’interaction, le soutien contextuel et le soutien langagier: Aspects didactiques importants, mais sont-ils présents en classe ?2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this essay is to investigate the presence or non presence of a concept of

    teaching practice in high school classrooms. This concept which purpose is to improve

    the teaching practice in foreign language classrooms, is developed by researches in the

    Netherlands (Hajer & Meestringa, 2010). The main idea of the concept is to increase the

    interaction between the students and to ensure a high use of contextual and linguistic

    support from the teacher. The first research question is thereby whether this concept is

    present, and if so, to which extent, in five different foreign language classrooms. The

    second is to explore the coherence between the teachers’ and the students’ opinions

    concerning this eventual presence. To answer these questions, a quantitative method in

    the shape of a 10 steps questionnaire, has been distributed to five teachers and their groups

    of totally 109 students. The analysis shows a certain presence of the concept and a

    divergence between the teachers’ and the students’ answers. It seems that the teachers

    have a more positive view of their teaching practice than what is represented in the

    students’ answers.

  • Briland, Isabelle
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Svensson, Malinn
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Ett komplext omhändertagande: - En intervjustudie om akut omhändertagande av svårt sjuka sepsispatienter och patienter med trauma2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The population is aging and requires more complex healthcare. This means that in the future, interaction with other healthcare departments is essential. Such interaction would lead to increased demand on the ability to cooperate among healthcare personnel. The intensivecare nurse and the nurse in the emergency department have a close cooperation when managing the acute severely ill patient. A multiprofessional team gives a faster diagnosis and management in the emergency department, which shortens the time to the final instance of care. The members of the team complement each other, increasing patient safety and enabling person-centered care. Increased knowledge with the nursing staff on the acute management in emergency department is essential to be able to enhance the care for the patient in the initial stage, but focus should also be at the nurse’s experience of the acute management to identify risk factors that could pose a negative influence on the patient.Aim: The aim of this study was to describe nurses’ experience of acute management of patients with trauma and patients with severe sepsis or septic shock.Method: The method used was a qualitative, inductive approach where 14 interviews were conducted, seven with nurses from the emergency department and seven intensive care nurses from the intensive care department. The interviews were analysed using a qualitative, manifest content analysis.Result:The analyzation process resulted in five different categories: ‘Communication is A&O’, ‘The importance of knowing one’s role’, ‘Work over the borders’, ‘Working from a clear structure’ and ‘Care on different terms’. Conclusion: There is an unclear structure in the emergency care of patients with severe sepsis or septic shock, which was a result of unclear roles and inadequate communication in the care. It appears to be advantageous to introduce clear guidelines in the emergency care of the patient group with severe sepsis or septic shock, suggestively by checklists or some medical alert like a trauma alarm, and where a multi-professional team interacts around the patient.

  • Flyckt, Angelica
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Erfors, Björn
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Nyanställda sjuksköterskors upplevelser och erfarenheter av introduktionsprogrammet på en akutmottagning: en kvalitativ intervjustudie2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Akutmottagningen är en arbetsplats som ställer höga krav på sjuksköterskan som arbetar där då vården som bedrivs är mångfacetterad och snabbt skiftande i intensitet. Detta ställer krav på sjuksköterskans förmåga att sortera intrycken för att hantera situationerna som uppkommer på en akutmottagning. Som nyanställd sjuksköterska på en akutmottagning är detta en stor utmaning vilket ställer höga krav på det introduktionsprogram som erbjuds. Syfte: Syftet var att belysa och beskriva nyanställda sjuksköterskors upplevelse och erfarenhet av introduktionsprogrammet samt hur detta förberedde dem inför arbetsuppgifterna på akutmottagningen. Metod: En kvalitativ intervjustudie med deskriptiv design valdes utifrån studiens syfte. Semistrukturerade intervjuer med intervjuguide genomfördes med 11 informanter som var allmänsjuksköterskor på en akutmottagning i södra Sverige. En kvalitativ innehållsanalys med induktiv ansats utfördes på manifest och latent nivå. Resultat: Resultatet presenterades i temat att vara oförberedd på det oförutsedda i vilket det ingick fyra kategorier som beskrev informanternas upplevelse av introduktionen. Dessa var; yttre påverkansfaktorer, inre upplevelser, hantering av situationen samt förslag till förbättringar. Slutsatser: De nyanställda sjuksköterskorna på akutmottagningen upplevde introduktionen för kort i förhållande till informationsmängden och den informationen som gavs upplevdes bristfällig. Studiens resultat bör kunna ses som ett bidrag vid en förändring av introduktionsprogrammet på akutmottagningen. Vidare forskning behövs inom området för att möjliggöra en bra introduktion för sjuksköterskor samt i slutänden kunna leda till ett bra omhändertagande av patienter.

  • Ortscheid, Julius
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Jensen, Thomas
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Patient Data Management System (PDMS): Anestesi- och intensivvårdspersonalens upplevelser av implementering och arbete med PDMS2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: Patient Data Management System (PDMS) – Anesthesia- and intensive care staff experiences of implementation and work with PDMS. Background: Todays and future healthcare means an increasing use of digital systems in nursing care. Patient Data Management System (PDMS) is a clinical information system and clinical decision support which is implemented in swedish hospitals. Previous research shows different experiences of digital systems impact on nursing care, workload and patient safety. Aim: The purpose was to describe anesthesia- and intensive care unit staff experiences of implementation and work with PDMS. Method: The study was conducted by interviews with a qualitative approach. Results: In the result four themes appear, process of introduction, serviceability, transfer of information and patient safety. The four themes depict the anesthesia- and intensive care unit staff experiences of the implementation and work with PDMS. Conclusion: PDMS is implemented in an increasing number of swedish hospitals. The anesthesia- and intensive care unit staff consider it very important with information and education before implementation of PDMS. The comprehensive view on the hospitals computer system is important due to the fact that these systems appear not to always be in synchronization with each other. That leads to an increased workload and also an increased risk regarding patient safety. More research on the PDMS impact on nursing and patient safety are needed.

  • Daniulaityte, Neringa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    ICT tools usage in Virtual teams: Analysis of the correlation between the ICT Toolscapabilities & Virtual teams challenges.2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This quantitative research study focuses on the capabilities of ICT tools used by virtualteams and seeks to find out what, if any, correlation between the ICT tools capabilitiesand challenges that virtual teams face exist. The study addresses four prominent virtualteam challenges: forming trust and relationships, information overload, communicationbreakdown, lack of team synergy and cohesion. It analyses ICT tools and establishhypothesis using MST theory and the existing research in this field. The data analysis isconducted using Spearman’s Rho correlation. The findings show that the correlationbetween ICT tools usage and the challenges that virtual teams face are not statisticallysignificant to establish a link between virtual team challenges and ICT tools usage. Thiscould mean that a significantly larger sample is required to establish the link betweenthese two variables. It could also mean that the virtual team challenges need to be reevaluatedas the collected data suggests that the discussed challenges are rarelyexperienced by virtual teams. Therefore, further studies are needed in order to establishthe correlation between the virtual team challenges and ICT tools usage.

  • Sundin, Jenni
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Planering av friluftsliv: En kartläggning av Kronobergs läns kommuner2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Friluftslivet är viktigt i många aspekter. Det svenska folket anser det viktigt för bland annat välmående och friluftsliv har visat positiva effekter på hälsan. Regeringen har gett mer utrymme för friluftslivet i politiken och kommunerna kan påverka hur mycket de arbetar med friluftsliv. När en totalundersökning gjordes av hur den kommunala planeringen beaktas i Sveriges kommuner när det kommer till friluftsliv och naturturism, var Kronobergs län ett av de länen som stod för de största bortfallet. Länet har idag ingen regional friluftsplan och behöver bättre underlag för att kunna arbeta med kommunerna. Syftet med denna undersökning är att kartlägga om, hur och i vilken grad friluftslivets och naturturismens intressen beaktas i planeringen hos kommunerna i Kronobergs län. Syftet är även att komplettera med resultat för den tidigare gjorda studien. Undersökningen var en kvantitativ enkätstudie som berör ”Översiktlig planering” och ”Naturvård och förvaltning av naturområden”, besvarad av en del av Kronobergs läns kommuner. <samtliga kommuner har en översiktsplan som vunnit laga kraft, få är dock aktualitetsförklarade. Den politiska debatten om allemansrätten är sval i flertalet kommuner och inga behandlar ”tysta områden” i den översiktliga planeringen. Denna undersökning visar på att det i dagsläget kan arbetas mer aktivt med friluftsliv i kommunerna och att de behöver stöd ifrån länsstyrelsen för detta.

  • Rydholm, Björn
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Omlöp vid småskaliga vattenkraftverk, hållbarhet för både verk och miljö?: Mätning av effektförluster orsakade av omlöpet vid Åby vattenkraftverk i Växjö kommun.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There are around 2000 hydropower plants in Sweden, but only 10 percent of them has a bio channel, fishway or equivalent solution (Risinger 2012).

    New, more strict rules are now about to be introduced. Since 2014 there is a mutual strategy from the two Swedish authorities ”Energimyndigheten” and ”Havs- och vattenmyndigheten”, which demands multiple actions from Swedish hydropower. (Risinger, 2014). An approved fishway is one of these.The small-scale hydropower plants (plants who produce less than 10 MWh according to Risinger (2012)) are especially affected from this. Their income is proportional to their production and therefore they’ll usually lack the economical ability to build a fishway. Furthermore, a part of the streaming water (which otherwise would equal income) will get lost.

    This study aims to decide the loss of effect a fishway causes. Of course, it is impossible to derive a universal answer. Instead the losses are measured at a specific smaller plant that already has a fishway: Åby hydropower plant that is owned and operated by Växjö municipality. Method being used is traversing in combination with a turbine flow meter. There are already calculated flows made by the municipality. These values will be compared with the measured values.

    The study shows that at a normal water level (165,13 m.a.sl) 167 ± 10 l/s of water is streaming through the fishway. This is a 70 l/s bigger flow in comparison with the municipality’s calculations. An explanation to this difference is given by measurement errors when the depth was measured, that the intake had been modified between when the calculations was being made and when the study’s measurements took place. Also, the formula being used for the calculated values is proposed as a possible source of error. 167 ± 10 l/s will result in a loss of 4,2 ± 0,3 kW potential effect.

  • Public defence: 2017-06-09 13:15 Newton, Växjö
    Eckert, Andreas
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mathematics.
    Contributing to develop contributions: - a metaphor for teaching in the reform mathematics classroom2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims at contributing to the theoretical research discourse on teaching mathematics. More precise, to explore a teacher’s role and actions while negotiating meaning of mathematical objects in discursive transformative practices in mathematics. The focus is to highlight the teacher as an active contributor to the classroom mathematical discourse, having an important role in shaping the mathematics. At the same time, the teacher is acknowledged as an individual who learns and develops as a lesson and semester progress.

    Three research papers illustrate the state, at that time, of an inductive analysis of three teachers, teaching a series of lessons based on probability theory at two Swedish primary schools. The teachers worked together with the students to explore an unknown sample space, made up out of an opaque bottle with coloured marbles within that showed one marble at each turn of the bottle. They had to construct mathematical tools together to help them solve the mystery. The analysis focused on teacher–student interactions during this exploration, revealing complex connections in the process of teaching.

    The three papers presented the development of a theoretical framework named Contributing to Develop Contributions (CDC). The frameworks’ fundamental idea is that teachers learn as they teach, using the teaching metaphor learning to develop learning. That metaphor was developed, in light of the ongoing empirical analysis, into CDC by drawing on a theoretical idea that learning can be viewed as contributing to the collaborative meaning making in the classroom. Teaching and teacher learning are described and understood as reflexive processes in relation to in-the-moment teacher-student interaction.

    Contributing to develop contributions consists of three different ways of contributing. The analytical categories illustrate how students’ opportunities to contribute to the negotiation of mathematical meaning are closely linked to teachers’ different ways of contributing. The different ways are Contributing one’s own interpretations of mathematical objects, Contributing with others’ interpretations of mathematical objects, and Contributing by eliciting contributions. Each way of contributing was found to have the attributes Transparency, Role-taking and Authority. Together, these six categories show teacher– student interaction as a complex dynamical system where they draw on each other and together negotiate meaning of mathematical objects in the classroom.

    This thesis reveals how the teaching process can be viewed in terms of learning on different levels. Learning as thought of in terms of contributing to the negotiation of meaning in the moment-to-moment interaction in the classroom. By contributing you influence the collective’s understanding as well as your own. A teacher exercises and develops ways of contributing to the negotiation of meaning of mathematical objects, in order to develop students’ contributions. In a wider perspective, the analysis showed development over time in terms of transformation. The teachers were found to have transformed their understanding of classroom situations in light of the present interactions. Contributing to the negotiation of meaning in the classroom was understood as a process in such transformation, in the ever ongoing becoming of a mathematics teacher. 

  • Nygren, Marie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Biology and Environmental Science.
    Miljöriskanalys: Egenkontroll med hjälp av miljöledningssystem2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den främsta orsaken till att man behöver arbeta och synliggöra riskerna med en verksamhets är att reducera riskerna för miljöolyckor som bara inte påverkar våra gemensamma resurser exempelvis grundvatten utan även riskerar människors hälsa. Genom krav från lagstiftning och krav från miljöledningssystem skall företaget genomföra riskanalys fortlöpande och systematiskt. Företaget kan på samma gång utnyttja miljöledningssystemets arbetssätt, PUFF-modell, för att leva upp till lagstiftningen, systematiskt och fortlöpande. Dessutom utnyttjas ledningssystemets olika rutiner som underlag till riskanalysen. Att integrera riskarbetet i miljöledningssystemet är av stor fördel, dessutom undviker man parallella system. Genomförd miljöriskanalys har använd sig endast av riskbaserade kvalitativa metoder så som grovanalys, felträdsanalys och händelseträdsanalys. Det är av främsta vikt vid kvalitativa analyser att rätt erfarenhet och kompetens finns tillgänglig för analysen. Genom grovanalysen har tre riskhändelser fått så höga riskpoäng att de hamnat inom det röda området i riskmatrisen. Därav har dessa analyserats vidare. Två av riskerna handlar om att lagra fossilt bränsle inom vattenskyddsområde. Den tredje högriskhändelsen är det faktum att GEAB saknar tillfredsställande kemikaliearbete då det saknas komplett kemikaliförteckning.

  • Eriksson, Fanny
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Att identifiera våld i nära relationer: En systematisk litteraturstudie över hinder vårdpersonal kan möta.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Våld i nära relationer är ett globalt folkhälsoproblem. Främst drabbar det kvinnor som i högre grad än män utsätts för upprepat våld och våldet tenderar också att vara grövre. Våldet har många negativa konsekvenser på kvinnans hälsa, både fysiska och psykiska. De våldsutsatta kvinnorna söker ofta vård på bl.a. hälsocentraler eller akutmottagningar för exempelvis benbrott, buk och bröstskador. Sällan berättar de om våldet som föregått skadorna. Vårdpersonal inom hälso- och sjukvården har en lagstadgad skyldighet och ett ansvar att identifiera och ge dessa kvinnor en god vård.

     

    Syfte: Syftet var att undersöka de hinder vårdpersonal kan möta vid identifiering av våld i nära relationer.

     

    Metod: En systematisk litteraturstudie med induktiv ansats användes. Datainsamlingen resulterade i 9 artiklar som granskades gällande kvalitet och etiskt ställningstagande. För att analysera artiklarna valdes en analysmetod beskriven av Forsberg och Wengström (2013).

     

    Resultat: Resultatet utmynnade i fyra kategorier; hinder relaterat till kunskapsbrist, hinder relaterat till språket, hinder relaterat till arbetsplatsen eller professionen samt hinder inom kvinnan som alla kunde påverka identifieringen och avslöjandet av våld i nära relationer.

     

    Slutsats: Att möta och identifiera våld i nära relationer är ett komplicerat men viktigt arbete inom sjukvården där ytterligare kunskap, forskning och utbildning är nödvändigt. 

  • Jakobsson, Niklas
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Rydholm, Peter
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Ecodriving - hot eller möjlighet: En kvalitativ studie om intresset för ecodriving till sjöss2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There are economical, safetylike and environmental benefits of applying eco-driving. Previous research has shown that cars, trains and aviation have made significant savings economically and environmentaly speaking, but how does that transcend into the maritime business? With this question as a background, the aim with this thesis is to examine the interest of ecodriving among Swedish shipowners and authorities. The data in this thesis is derived from qualitative interviews with employees in executive land-based positions. The result shows that several of the shipowners and authorities are in the starting pits or are already conducting one or more eco-driving methods in their operations. The result also shows that there is a variety of prerequisites and perceptions of what eco-driving is and what is could become in the future among the respondents. When questions about automatization in relation to eco-driving are brought up, the result is ambiguous.

  • Olsson, Maria
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Tränstad, Patrik
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Sjukvårdsansvar ombord: Upplevelser av att vara sjukvårdsansvarig som nautiskt befäl2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis, we examine how nautical officer experience the medical responsibility aboard. On every vessel, there is a medicine chest that contains medical supply that could be needed in case of injury or sickness. It is the nautical officer’s duty to be able to handle the equipment to treat the patient in the best way. The nautical officer can if needed contact Tele Medical for advice or to get prescribed medicine. It is an experience description where the authors aim to examine and survey how nautical officers experience the medical situations they might have to confront and take care of when aboard. The thesis was performed with a semi structured qualitative method. The study consists of interviews with 8 nautical officers. The result of the thesis showed that none of the interviewed nautical officers experienced feeling comfortable in the position as medical responsibility. The nautical officers experience that the support they get from Tele Medical and other persons in the crew aboard as a relief in the medical responsibility. The thesis showed that the nautical officers experienced it burdensome to be alone with the delegated responsibility as medical officer.

  • Åkerblom, Pontus
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Nilsson, Joacim
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Knowledge Management Systems Issues Within Organizations2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to locate if there are some common problems connected to knowledge management systems (KMSs) within organizations. This thesis begins with an introduction to knowledge management (KM) and knowledge management systems, followed by a presentation of previous research in the field of KM problematics. To find these possible issues that may prevent an effective use of KMSs within organizations, we will study contemporary literature and perform some complementary interviews. The questions formulated are addressed to participants from the organization Tieto, at their office in Lund. The questions are kept to a restricted number to gather replies that collect the main answers of relevance. The results from the literature review are then compared to the interviews. The main conclusion of this study is that the organizational culture may affect the possible occurrence of KMSs that suffer from usability problems, which causes the knowledge sharing to be inadequate. Finally; a picture of the problem areas concerning KMSs within organizations arise and some resolutions along with recommendations are presented.

  • Balan, Khalil
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    User perspective of privacy and surveillance on social networks2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Social networks have integrated into people’s daily lives and they became a powerful medium for effective marketing and communication worldwide. Problem raise when governments and special agencies violate users’ information privacy under the pretext of protecting national security or something as, furthermore, when information became the source of income for social networks it became necessary to investigate users concerns about informational privacy on social platforms, if there are. The main purpose of the thesis is to understand what level of privacy awareness users on social networks have and how much relevant knowledge about surveillance on social networks they recognize. Moreover, the thesis aims to present users’ opinion about surveillance on Facebook and if they accept to be surveyed in certain scenarios. As results, the study has identified ambiguity in Facebook terms and data policy, while there has been clarity that Facebook applies massive surveillance in terms of data collection on all users on the network. 71% of the participants had concerns about their privacy on social networks, two-thirds of the participants didn’t read Facebook terms and 76% did believe that social networks sell users information for own benefits. The majority of the interview participants showed lack of knowledge about data collection on social networks, and didn’t know if governments do surveillance on social platforms or not. However, 37% of the survey participants claimed that they have nothing to hide and governments can look into their activities online, and almost similar percentage supported such an action. Further, most of the interview participants protect their informational privacy on social networks by having good privacy settings, controlling who have access to certain posts or managing friends list. However, 1/3 of the participants who had good privacy settings didn’t know all their friends on FB. Through personal observations on data analysis and literature review, I concluded the thesis with some suggestions of possible approaches to enhance information privacy, these recommendations present my own thoughts and weren’t derived in academic way rather personal notes during the thesis study.

  • Veenhuizen, Jacob
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages.
    On Cosmological Terms: A Study on Terminological Equivalence and Insufficient Terminologies2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Terminology is an aspect of scientific-technical texts that can be quite problematic to deal with for a translator, depending on the subject. In many fields of study, the terminology is highly specific and each term clearly defined as relating to a certain concept. The problem for the translator then is to find a term within the terminology of the target language that relates to the same concept.

    The purpose of this paper is to examine the issue of translating terminology in an advanced text on cosmology. Both quantitative and qualitative analyses are used in order to indicate the frequency of various problems relating to the translation of terminology and what strategies can be used to solve the various problems in a satisfactory manner, respectively. These analyses involve a study of terminological equivalence as well as the challenges that arise when the terminology of a given field lacks certain terms in a given language.

    The paper will show that a certain lack of terminological equivalence between English and Swedish as well as the greater issue of a limited development of the cosmological terminology in Swedish are two considerable problems when translating an advanced cosmological text from English into Swedish.

  • Carlén, Camilla
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Sandgathe, Ulrica
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Ackumulatorer som räddar liv: En livscykelkostnadsanalys om UPS som nödkraftkälla2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The SOLAS regulations for merchant vessels states that in the event of loss of power, a backup power supply will start automatically. This paper investigated the possibility to replace the widely-used generator driven by a fossil-fuel powered internal combustion engine, with a UPS. Focus of the investigation included regulations concerning the use of accumulators onboard, market product range fulfilling the legal requirements and price difference based on purchase price and maintenance costs for 25 years. The cost results where compared as a Life Cycle Cost calculation. Regulations by the Swedish transport agency and the Classification DNV-GL allow the use of emergency power from accumulators or generator.

     

    For the possibility to investigate through cost estimations, a theoretical model of a merchant vessel with Swedish flag, was set up. All companies contacted were Swedish manufacturer. The results in the LCC show the situation of today and lets us know that the most cost efficient investment is the conventional emergency generator.

  • Mansnerus, Anton
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Wernius, Pontus
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Hur införandet av MLC har påverkat anmärkningar under hamnstatskontroller2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to investigate whether the number of complaints and the types of complaints had changed since the introduction of the MLC. The research material is taken from the Paris MoU annual reports. It was from these that the survey was conducted. The conclusions that we came to was, that since the MLC was introduced, the total number of complaints have decreased during the period 2011-2015. The number of detentions have also declined. Remarks concerning only the work environment has declined since the introduction of the MLC. An increasing number of complaints, which had previously fallen under the ILO, will settle in the MLC.  The most common MLC remarks were "Records of Seafarers'daily hours of work or rest" and "Transport". The most common MLC complaint that resulted in the retention was "Wages". The remarks that were common at the Port State Control regarding the other allegations were "Fire Safety" and "Safety of Navigation".

  • Ivanenko, Yevhen
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Physics and Electrical Engineering.
    Gustafsson, Mats
    Lund University.
    Jonsson, B.L.G.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
    Luger, Annemarie
    Stockholm University.
    Nilsson, Börje
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mathematics.
    Nordebo, Sven
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Physics and Electrical Engineering.
    Toft, Joachim
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mathematics.
    Passive approximation and optimization with B-splines2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A passive approximation problem is formulated where the target function is an arbitrary complex valued continuous function defined on an approximation domain consisting of a closed interval of the real axis. The approximating function is any Herglotz function with a generating measure that is absolutely continuous with Hölder continuous density in an arbitrary neighborhood of the approximation domain. The norm used is induced by any of the standard Lp-norms where 1 ≤ p ≤ ∞. The problem of interest is to study the convergence properties of simple Herglotz functions where the generating measures are given by finite B-spline expansions, and where the real part of the approximating functions are obtained via the Hilbert transform. In practice, such approximations are readily obtained as the solution to a finite- dimensional convex optimization problem. A constructive convergence proof is given in the case with linear B-splines, which is valid for all Lp-norms with 1 ≤ p ≤ ∞. A number of useful analytical expressions are provided regarding general B-splines and their Hilbert transforms. A typical physical application example is given regarding the passive approximation of a linear system having metamaterial characteristics. Finally, the flexibility of the optimization approach is illustrated with an example concerning the estimation of dielectric material parameters based on given dispersion data. 

  • Sundell, Rebecka
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages.
    They all have one thing in common: the language feels unnatural: A comparison of the narrative perspective in ​Stim​ and TheCurious Incident of the Dog in the Nighttime2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay will look at the narrative perspective in two novels telling the story of a young boywith Autism Spectrum Disorder. In my comparison of the two stories, I will look at similarsituations in both plots and attempt to discover differences in effect in the narratives. Theauthors have different backgrounds which I believe will be of certain importance to how theyapproach telling their respective stories. My thesis is that there will be definabledissimilarities and that these will matter for the experience of the reader. The differences Iexpect to find concern how the two protagonists tackle problems they encounter as a result oftheir diagnosis and how this is told, explained and subsequently perceived.I attempt to find and explain these differences by using narrative theory, morespecifically focused on the style of explaining surroundings, the use of similes andmetaphors, the focalization of the narrator and the narrative mood

  • Johansson, Lina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    "...att man inte bara skriver på ett papper och sen lycka till": En kvalitativ studie om att motivera medlemmar på träningsanläggningar2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Att bli medlem på en träningsanläggning har blivit alltmer populärt i Sverige. Dock finns det ett antal av dem som tappar motivationen till sin träning. Utifrån ett motivationsperspektiv undersöker därför denna studie hur träningsanläggningar arbetar för att motivera sina medlemmar till träning, samt hur medlemmar upplever att de blir motiverade till träning av sina anläggningar och vilken betydelse detta har för deras träning. En kvalitativ studie har genomförts i form av intervjuer med träningsanläggningsansvariga och träningsanläggningsmedlemmar. Resultatet visar att träningsanläggningar lägger mycket ansvar hos sina gruppträningsinstruktörer, att de ska skapa en relation till medlemmarna, vara deras förebilder och inspiratörer. De arbetar även för att ge sina medlemmar en bra start på anläggningen i form av träningsinstruktioner och uppföljningssamtal. Medlemmarnas egna upplevelser och betydelser av hur träningsanläggningarna arbetar för att motivera dem tycks variera beroende på vilken typ av träning som medlemmarna ägnar sig åt och även hur pass självständiga medlemmarna är i sin träning. Slutsatsen blir därmed att träningsanläggningarnas arbete med att motivera sina medlemmar upplevs på olika vis beroende på medlemmarnas val av träningsformer. Det tycks även finnas ett samband mellan betydelsen av detta motivationsarbete och hur pass självständig en medlem är i sin träning. 

  • Halkjaer, Andreas
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    En fråga om kapital: Konsten att konstituera yrkeskapital som personlig tränare2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med föreliggande uppsats är att få en inblick och förstå personliga tränares sätt att konstituera yrkeskapital i sitt dagliga arbete. För att besvara syftet formulerades tre frågeställningar angående personliga tränares syn på sin utbildning, kropp och deras relation till sina klienter. Utifrån semistrukturerade intervjuer tillsammans med åtta personliga tränare har sedan frågeställningarna försökt besvarats. Informanterna bestod av fem män och tre kvinnor i åldrarna 21 till 45 år. Det empiriska materialet har sedan utifrån Bourdieus kapitalbegrepp analyserats. Resultatet presenteras under tre olika teman som berör respektive frågeställning, liksom knyter an till Bourdieus olika kapitalformer. Resultatet av undersökningen visar att personliga tränare fortfarande befinner sig i en skärningspunkt mellan det formella och informella. För att konstituera yrkeskapital krävs det att personliga tränare utnyttjar och har alla kapitalformer till sitt förfogande. 

  • Heining, Pontus
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Johansson, Natalie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Påverkar placebo prestation och koncentration?: En studie hur två olika kapslar med placebo påverkar deltagare i ett beeptest och ett trial making test.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Placebo finns i en mängd olika former, allt från läkemedel till manipulation av utrsutning. Hur placebo fungerar i kroppen är svårt att fastslå, trots detta har positiva effekter påvisats genom minskad kronisk smärta (Finnis et al., 2010), sömnlöshet (Belanger et al., 2007) och depression (Kirsch et al., 2008). Tidigare studier visar även att styrkelyftare ökar sin maximala styrka med hjälp av placebo.

    Metod: Studien är en cross-over experimentell design där totalt 19 deltagare medverkat. Två stycken kapslar, en på 300 mg och en större på 450 mg används för att se skillnader i ett trial making test och ett beeptest. Syftet med studien är att undersöka och kvantifiera placeboeffekten. Studien baseras på hypotsen att priset på, och mängden av ett placebopreparat påverkar resultatet i ett test för fysisk prestation (beeptest) och i ett test som mäter koncentrationsförmågan (Trial making test).

    Resultat: Trial making test del a visade ingen signifikant skillnad mellan kapsel a och kapsel b (p=0,699). Trial making test del b rapporterade inte någon signifikant skillnad mellan kapsel a och b (p=0,161). Vid beeptestet rapporterades det även här ingen signifikant skillnad mellan kapsel a och b (p=0.839).

    Slutsats: Det är svårt att dra en slutsats om vi lyckats övertala deltagarna tillräckligt för att bevisa att en placeboeffekt påverkar resultatet i ett beeptest och i ett trial making test. En annan fråga vi ställer oss är om beeptestet är rätt val av test för att testa placebons effekt eftersom mycket runt omkring kan ha påverkat deltagarna, exempelvis av varandra och hur de presterar. Detta är något som vi tror kan ha påverkat resultatet.

  • Movehede, Aidin Ramin
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Botic, Martin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Fuktskador i skolor från 1970-talet i Växjö Kommun2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    På grund av bristande erfarenheter inom byggtekniken gällande fukt har många skolor byggda under 1970-talet fuktproblem idag. I uppdrag av Vöfab ska tre olika fuktskadade objekt som har renoverats jämföras med varandra. Objekten består av tre skolor i Växjö som är byggda under 1970-talet. Objektens fuktskador och åtgärder ska undersökas. Detta görs för att analysera om samma typ av åtgärder vidtagits samt om samma typ av fuktproblem uppkommit i alla tre objekten. I studien ska det med hjälp av det teoretiska ramverket även undersökas om ytterligare fuktproblem kan uppkomma i framtiden trots renoveringarna.

  • Goodwin, Therese
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education. Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Likvärdig bedömning i idrott och hälsa: En studie om dokumentation, för och till lärare i idrott och hälsa.2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie har till syfte att undersöka om likvärdig bedömning kan uppnås och hur dokumentation används i ämnet idrott och hälsa. Studien undersöker även hur lärare arbetar för en likvärdig bedömning med hjälp av olika dokumentation. I studien används en kvalitativ metod i form av intervjuer med lärare som undervisar i idrott och hälsa för att få svar på hur dokumentation används för att nå likvärdig bedömning. Resultaten analyseras sedan med ramfaktorer (Imsen 1999). Resultatet visar att det skiljer sig hur mycket dokumentation och vilken typ av dokumentation lärare använder sig av. Resultaten visar även på att tidsbrist är den största faktorn till att dokumentation för bedömning inte görs i den utsträckning den bör, samt att betyg och bedömning inte diskuteras mellan lärare. Resultatet visar även att likvärdig bedömning kan uppnås då läraren konkretiserar målen, dokumenterar elevernas prestation samt diskuterar betyg och bedömning med andra lärare.

  • Elias, Ali
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Chemistry and Biomedical Sciences.
    Vankomycins effektivitet i jämförelse med andra läkemedel mot meticillinresistent Staphylococcus aureus2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) är en av många bakterier som har utvecklat resistens mot olika typer av antibiotika. På mitten av 1940-talet detekterades penicillinresistent S. aureus. Meticillinresistent S. aureus (MRSA) identifierades sedan år 1961. Vankomycin, en tricyklisk hydrofil glykopeptid, används fortfarande som ett förstahandsläkemedel mot allvarliga MRSA-infektioner trots förekomsten av vankomycinresistens och tillgången till nya MRSA-läkemedel. Syftet med detta arbete är att jämföra effektiviteten av vankomycin med andra läkemedel vid behandlingen av MRSA. Detta görs för att kunna bedöma om användningen av vankomycin som ett förstahandsläkemedel mot MRSA bör omprövas. Detta arbete är en litteraturstudie som är gjord med hjälp av artiklar från databasen PubMed. Det hittades fem studier om behandlingen av olika MRSA-infektioner. Linezolid visade sig vara effektivare än vankomycin vid behandlingen av hud- och mjukdelsinfektioner samt nosokomial pneumoni. Daptomycin var inte underlägset vankomycin mot bakteriemi och endokardit. Arbekacin visade sig vara mindre effektiv än vankomycin mot kronisk mediaotit. Kombinationen trimetoprim/ sulfametoxazol (TMP/SMX) verkade vara överlägset vankomycin vid behandlingen av hälsovårdsförvärvad pneumoni och ventilatorförvärvad pneumoni. Den slutsats som kan dras i detta arbete är att vid en jämförelse av vankomycin med linezolid, daptomycin, TMP/SMX och arbekacin vid behandling av olika MRSA-infektioner var vankomycin överlag mindre effektiv. Det kan därför vara lämpligt att ompröva ifall vankomycin bör användas som ett förstahandsläkemedel mot MRSA.

  • Andersson, Rasmus
    University of Kalmar, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Havet som Transportväg: En undersökning om MARPOL-Konventionens roll för transportköparna2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A qualitative study regarding what role the MARPOL-Convention plays for the costumers of transport service. What regard of environment they take in consideration for their choice of carrier and to what degree they are aware of the MARPOL-Convention and the work the crew put in on board vessels, in order to live up to the requirements of the MARPOL-Convention. The problem deals with the understanding of the environmental work, not only within their own labor sector, but also in other labor sectors, is an important understanding to achieve a great partnership for the environment. The survey is based on a semi-structured method of open interviews with five Swedish companies that are dealing in goods internationally and are costumers of transport services. This survey shows that; long term transport costs, environmental work within the transport company, the reliability regarding the assigned delivery times and the earlier working relationship between shippers and carriers, play the greatest role for the choice of carrier. And that one out of five respondents are aware of the MARPOL-Convention, and some of the work it requires of the crew on board the vessels.

  • Nilsson, Tomas
    Lund University.
    Rhetorical business: a study of marketing work in the spirit of contradiction2015Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Marketing has traditionally been understood from the perspective of marketing management. This causes problems when we study marketing practices because the normative discourse of marketing management is not particularly useful for describing the day-to-day work of marketing practitioners. This calls for marketing research from new perspectives. Rhetorical business – A study of marketing work in the spirit of contradiction investigates marketing work in professional service organizations from a rhetorical perspective. The overall research question – What do marketers do when they do marketing work? – is explored empirically through conversations, observations and daily interaction and argumentation with professionals involved in the marketing of consulting services. The rhetorical theory applied in the analysis builds on the assumption that every reasonable argument can be met with an equally reasonable counterargument, which is not only how we argue but also a representation of how we gain knowledge of the world – namely, by contradicting it. The analysis is organized in three themes – situation, strategy and subject – that address questions such as Where and when do marketers argue for business purposes? What rhetorical strategies are used?, and How can the subjects of marketing work be portrayed? This is followed by a discussion of the analysis under the two headings persuasive marketing talk and marketing work “in-between”. This book concludes that marketing work is accomplished by self-reflexive marketers who argue for business purposes in, through and in-between meetings as they employ versatile and expansive language and enact contradictory selves. In so concluding the book contributes a multifaceted account of marketing work beyond the framework of normative marketing management. It also shows how rhetorical theory can be used in marketing research to analyse aspects of marketing practice that would otherwise have been poorly accounted for. Finally, the book is written as a “confessional tale” by an author with long experience of marketing work, in the hope that it may encourage self-reflexive inquires among professionals involved in marketing.

  • Arndt, Corinna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Chemistry and Biomedical Sciences.
    Försäljning och förskrivning av antidepressiva läkemedel ur genusperspektiv.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden as well as in other countries women are consuming more health care and medicinal drugs than men. Partly, this difference can be explained by disease panorama and prescription of contraceptive pills. Biological and sociological factors may have an influence in cases of depression and GAD. Also, gender bias, a twisted view and prejudice concerning gender or sex, is thought to play a part. Among adults the depression prevalence rate ranges from 5% to 8%, and it increases to around 13% among elderly people. The lifetime risk of being effected by GAD is around 8% and the one-year prevalence rate ranges from 1.6% to 3.1%.

    The purpose of this study is to examine the sale/prescription of antidepressants from a gender perspective. Who prescribes the drugs? Are some drugs preferred to others, and are there geographical, age-related or economical differences between the sexes regarding prescriptions of antidepressants?

    Information about the type and the extent of the sale of antidepressants has been obtained from The National Board of Health and Welfare and The Medicine Unit (Läkemedelsenheten) in Kronoberg County.

    In 2015 more then 900.000 people bought antidepressants in Sweden. In Kronoberg (G County) 18.700 people bought antidepressants, 12.9% of them were women and 6.8% men. The sale in G County is slightly higher than in the rest of the country. The purchase among women increases relatively more than among men until menopause, after which the difference in purchase is stabilized. Almost 40% of the women and one of every four men purchase antidepressants in the highest ages. Counting in terms of DDD, women in G County are buying 1.87 times bigger volumes of antidepressants than men, of which 70% are prescribed at health centers, 14% in the mental health care area and the rest mainly by doctors working at hospitals. A small geographical difference can be seen between the counties in Sweden (+/- 5%). Within each county the prescription difference between men and women is small. Two drugs, sertraline (29%) and citalopram (19%), make up about half the volume. In the mental health care area slightly larger volumes of venlafaxine and duloxetine are prescribed to women compared to men. Men are prescribed somewhat more of fluoxetin. Relatively more women (65%) are treated for depression in primary care than in psychiatric care (59%). In primary care, women are prescribed relatively more Duloxetine. No difference in cost (pharmacy sales price (PSP)) per DDD can be observed between the sexes.

    Conclusion: Approx. 10% of the Swedish population bought antidepressants in 2015. Two times more women than men are purchase antidepressants. There is no definite answer to what is causing this difference. Can it be caused by overconsumption among women, or inadequate treatment among men? The greater part of antidepressants is prescribed in out-patient care, which indicates that antidepressants are used mainly in cases of less noticeable anxiety symptoms and mild to moderate depression. According to The Swedish Board of Health and Welfare these cases should foremost be treated with CBT.

  • Andersson, Johan
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Hallgren, Einar
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Fartygstrafik genom naturreservat: Salvorev: Östersjöns genväg2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här studien undersöker hur utsläppen av CO2 samt NOx skulle påverkas av att man tog en längre rutt runt ett Natura 2000 område mellan Gotska sandön och Fårö norr om Gotland i Östersjön. Detta för att undvika att köra i ett natura 2000 området och på så sett minska sjöfartens påverkan på djurlivet där. Med hjälp av AIS data har information tagits fram om hur många fartyg som använder rutten genom natura 2000 området. En sammanställning av vilka typer av fartyg samt dess maskineri har också tagits fram med hjälp av detta. Som ligger till grund för uträkningarna för CO2 samt NOx utsläppen. Studien visar på att CO2 utsläppen kan öka med upp till 4,72 ton genom att köra en längre rutt runt området, även NOx utsläppen ökar, med upp till 0,13ton.

  • Wahlsten, Mats
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    De ofrivillia skolbytarna: En studie av skolnedläggning, inkludering och skolframgång2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to explain why a public high school in Växjö, Sweden, dealing with issues of segregation and falling results, closed down and what happened to the students who involuntarily had to change schools and meet a new school culture. I want to clarify the politicians’ reasons that formed the basis for the decision and the consequences of the decision for the students. The study also aims to highlight the importance of a school culture with an inclusive approach for students who are forced to change schools in the middle of high school.

     

    As qualitative methods for data collection, I have chosen interviews with the politicians and a number of the affected students. Additionally, the students’ results and their well-being (as expressed by the students themselves in surveys) after changing schools were followed and compared to a reference group of students in the same grade who also hadn’t been attending the receiving school from the start of high school.

     

    The politicians’ intent when deciding to close down the school was to break the segregation and the long-term trend of falling results. Moreover, they wanted to improve the usage of some newly renovated facilities through a reorganization of several activities. So, did the politicians achieve what they hoped when drafting this unusual and risky decision? In this study, I show that the affected students improved their grades, their improvement being even larger than the students in the reference group. Additionally, students expressed through the surveys that they felt welcome in the new school, that they appreciated the teachers and found the teaching in their new school better than previously. However, they also expressed troubles making new friends and some were longing to return to their old school.

     

    My conclusions from this study are the following: The politicians succeeded with their intentions and feel satisfied with the decision several years later, although acknowledging that there had been shortcomings regarding the information they distributed to the students and their parents. From a student perspective, it is not optimal to have to change schools in the middle of high school. Even though they improved their grades after the change, they never felt completely at home in their new school.

  • Devine, Åsa
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Building a Microfoundation on the basis of the Upper Echelon Theory2014In: Strategic Management Society Special Conference 2014, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • Forslund, Caroline
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Stressens variationer: Sjuksköterskors upplevelser av stress i en akutvårdskontext2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The nursing profession, in particular the work in the emergency department, is a work that is lined a with a variety of stressors. Swedish nurses working in the emergency department in relation to stress is not a well-studied subject. The purpose of the study is to describe variations in how a group of nurses, working in emergency departments, perceive the phenomenon of stress in their work environment. The questions in the study are: What does Swedish nurses experience as stressors in the work environment? How are the nurses affectetd by work-related stress and how is it handled? The research approach is inductive, qualitative and phenomenographic. Data collection consists of interviews with nine nurses. The results showed that the main stressors is triggered by a lack of teamwork, organizational reasons, constant interruptions at work and a feeling of inadequacy. The informants experienced several aspects of stress at work and that they in varying degrees were affected by work-related stress at work. All informants, except one, indicated some sort of impact of work-related stress at leisure. As to the impact of stress the following categories were identified; The effect on body and soul, stress as a driving force, the own needs become secondary and the effect of the ability to communicate. The most common coping strategy in this study were of the problem-solving nature. The results showed some similarities with the international studies on the subject such as the lack of team work, work interruptions, conflicts in the team, heavy workloads and demanding patients and families as stressors in the work environment. One conclusion of the study is that taking care of the patient rarely stresses nurses, there are other factors in the work environment that is perceived as stressors. This facilitates the conditions for improvement projects. The study showed that stressors and the impact of stress are of diverse nature. The experience is highly personal. With greater knowledge of stress constructive solutions can lead to a good working environment. The nurses can then devote energy to achieve a world class patient care!

  • Emilie, Bracken
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Den svenska regleringen kring visstidsanställningar, ett skydd för välutbildade svenska män?2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Fixed-term employment has become increasingly common in the Swedish labour market, despite that the stated main rule is permanent employment. The phenomenon affects different groups in society, especially since statistics indicate that it is mainly women, young and foreign-born people who have fixed-term contracts.

    Sweden was notified from the European Commission for not having lived up to the minimum requirements that the Council Directive 1999/70/EC framework agreement on fixed-term work issued. Several years of correspondence resulted in that Sweden was faced with the risk to stand in front of the Court of Justice of the European Union on charges of infringement if the law was not changed.

    A new law was presented May 1 2016. Lawmakers had here taken up by the Directive's requirement of maximum total duration of successive fixed-term employment contracts. This resulted in giving 5 § of the employment protection act, a bigger possibility to convert fixed- term contracts into permanent employment contracts than before.

    The purpose of this paper is to look at the differences between different social groups and job security, and to examine, illuminate and analyze the problem of fixed-term employment for different groups of workers and to set this in relation to the EU Directive on fixed-term. To answer the purpose of the essay and research questions the doctrinal method has been used to interpret, investigate and determine the applicable law.

    The new legislation has made it much more difficult for employers to misuse of fixed-term contracts, but it is very difficult to interpret the provisions of the law. In my opinion, unnecessarily complicated which is an important factor that can make the new legislation ineffective. 

  • Sandberg, Jessica
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Arbetsmiljöbrott: En rättsvetenskaplig studie om arbetsmiljöbrott som gemondrivandefunktion för organisatoriskt och socialt arbetsmiljöansvar2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The mental ill-health is a growing social problem and the cause to a third of the sick leaves. Organizational and social motives is the primary reason to occupational disease among women. Notwithstanding, work environment offense due to lacks in organizational and social work environment have never lead to conviction.

    The aim of the essay is to find an explanation to this matter, by examine the legal framework of work environment offense. To further contextualize the problem, a perspective of equality makes it possible to emphasize the differences of how men and women will be affected by the regulation. The subject is highly current, since binding regulations, AFS 2015:4, has been imposed since shortly one year ago. Therefore, an analysis of the value of this regulation in future prosecution has been done. The method of jurisprudence has been used to fulfil the aim of the essay.

    The results of the essay indicates that the review of work environment offense due to lacks in organizational and social work environment mainly causes problems when finding adequate causality. The primary reasons to this is related to the nature of stress and the legality principle. Stress can hardly be related to a separate variable, which makes it hard to prove it is strictly work related. This reason also makes it hard to legislate regulations that live up to the principle of legal certainly. In my power of judge, despite clearer regulation in AFS 2015:4, reviews of work environment offense will continue being problematic. The perspective of equality clearly shows that problems reviewing work environment offense due to lacks in organizational and social work environment to a great extent affects women in a negative matter.

  • Eliasson, Emma
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Operationssjuksköterskans profession: En fenomenografisk studie om grundutbildade sjuksköterskors uppfattningar om operationssjuksköterskans profession2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Today is a shortage of operating theater nurse in Sweden, which has resulted in

    several operational departments are unable to engage fully operational business.

    Experienced

    operating theater nurse

    will retire in the next few years while the interest to train as a

    operating theater nurse

    has been neglected. The lack of competent operating theater nurse

    may worsen if no measures implemented to change the situation, which can have serious

    consequences, such as the number of operations must be further reduced or canceled, which

    would contribute to the suffering of the patient and an increased workload on existing staff.

    Aim:

    The aim of the study was to describe nurses perceptions of operating theater nurse

    profession.

    Method: A qualitative study with phenomenographically was performed. A

    strategic choice was conducted, which resulted in nine individual interviews nurses at a

    hospital in southern Sweden.

    Results: The analysis resulted in four categories: An interesting

    profession, A demanding profession, A technical profession and An invisible profession. Each

    of the categories consisted of two categories.

    Conclusion: Nurses have inadequate knowledge

    and understanding of operating theater nurse profession. Increased clinical experience and

    information about the operating theater nurse profession could create an increased interest in

    or facilitate the election of a future operating theater nurse education.

  • Frost, Daniel
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    Lundqvist, Mikael
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    "Matstund-Viktig pratstund?": En studie kring kommunikationen vid måltidssituationer i förskolan2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Engelsk titel: “Mealtime- important communication?”- A study of communication at mealtime situations in preschool

    Studiens mål: Syftet med uppsatsen har varit att undersöka hur kommunikationen vid måltidssituationen på förskolor ser ut idag.

    Bakgrund: Att våra matvanor grundläggs i unga år är sedan länge känt. Huvudansvaret för att matvanorna blir goda är på grund av vårdnadshavarna, men eftersom barn vistas så många timmar utanför hemmet, har även en del av ansvaret lagts på förskolan eller skolan.

    Metod: Vi har avgränsat oss till att studera skillnader kring kommunikation vid traditionell måltidssituation respektive servering av buffé mellan förskollärare och barn, där både flickor respektive pojkar i åldern 4-5 år deltog. För att undersöka dessa skillnader har vi gjort två videoobservationer. Den första videoinspelningen skedde på förskolan som serverade maten på traditionellt vis och den andra videoinspelningen ägde rum på förskolan som hade självservering, i form av buffé. Litteraturen har haft sin utgångspunkt i kommunikation vid måltidssituationer i förskolan. Bernsteins teori om makt och kontroll har använts i denna avhandling.

    Resultat: Studien visar att matstunden också är en viktig pratstund i förskolan och att skillnader finns ur ett genusperspektiv. Förskolläraren uppvisar även ha en betydande roll kring kommunikationen vid måltidssituationer i förskolan. Skillnader mellan den traditionella måltidssituationen och buffémåltidssituationen rådde, där starkare lärarkontroll gällande öppna frågor och organisatoriska förutsättningar befann sig under den traditionella måltidssituationen. Under buffémåltidssituationen rådde det en starkare lärarkontroll mot pojkar än mot flickor. Det rådde även en starkare lärarkontroll gällande regler och tillsägelser under denna måltidssituation.