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  • Sandberg Olsson, Märta
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Införandet av "Rätt till heltid" i Kalmar kommuns omsorgsförvaltning 2017: - Argumenten för och emot2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to describe and analyze how actors linked to the care administration of Kalmar municipality relate to the introduction of “Right to full-time-employment” as an organizing strategy. The purpose is also to describe how the introduction of the political decision will affect actors linked to the care administration of Kalmar municipality. By interviewing actors linked to the care administration of Kalmar municipality, both actors from the field (care-workers), management representatives and trade union representatives the study explores how these different actors relate to the new political agreement. This essay analyses the interviewees' statements and opinions regarding the agreement's pros and cons based on several different theories, including John Atkinson’s concept of labour market flexibility. The main purpose of this study is to analyze how the practical operationalization of the new political agreement have been influenced by the modern catchword (“flexibility”). The results show how the care administration have conducted a form of “internal flexibility” which purpose is to create economic conditions giving a higher number of employees full-time work opportunities. Although the previous full-time work opportunities is described as a “secure form of employment”, the study show that it has resulted in an apprehension of insecurity within the majority of the workforce. 

  • Svensson, Emmy
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Edvardsson, Johanna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Människans betydelse: En studie om samspelet mellan organisationen och människan2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to increase understanding of how political decisions are implemented in public organizations. The focus of the study is on the impact of human action on organizational structures. The empirical material consists of interviews with politicians and civil servants working in the public organization. The material is analyzed primarily using Ahrne's theory of organizational centenaries. The theories of disconnection and inertia are also used in the analysis. The study's findings show that the human action is important in an implementation process. Crucial interpretations, based on human actions, are made at politicians and civil servants level. This results in people's own interests having a decisive role in the implementation process. The political structure gives the officials space to interpret political decisions, which leads to an interest-driven way of working. With sociological knowledge, it can be shown that man has a need for human interpretation because we are social beings. The present study shows that we can´t ignore the human action of organizations when the organization is made up of people.

  • Dautbegovic, Sanja
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    "Innan var det mer svart, vitt och fyrkantigt": En studie om organisationsförändring och dess inverkan på arbetskultur och struktur2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Abd, Naimul
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Forouzan, Mona
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Overcoming social constraints for immigrantentrepreneurs in Sweden2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Entrepreneurship is in full-swing across the globe and it is widely regarded as a sustainable solution to long-unresolved economic issues like unemployment and poverty. Immigration is also a growing reality and the immigrating individuals can contribute to the new societies either by settling for a job or launching a business as an entrepreneur and in turn creating more jobs. However, social constraints are a key hurdle in the way of immigrant entrepreneurs. This paper aims to not only understand the social constraints faced by immigrant entrepreneurs but also provide a set of guidelines on how to overcome these social constraints. A qualitative research study focused on immigrant entrepreneurs in Sweden was designed around this purpose and was conducted in two cities of Sweden. Entrepreneurs in the study were from diverse nationalities of origin and business sectors. Key social constraints identified through the study are cultural differences, differences in business practices, and language – all acting as a wall for foreign entrepreneurs. Networking – both business and social – is regarded as the main solution to overcome these barriers and the weight for this lies equally on state, entrepreneurship industry, and the immigrant entrepreneurs. Immigrant entrepreneurs can overcome the social constraints by also researching their business area in detail as well as marketing themselves and their businesses especially by establishing a strong and trustable social media profile. Government needs to recognize the diversity of immigrant entrepreneurship communities and create tailor-made social interaction programs for different nationalities, educational backgrounds, and business sectors. It can also project positive image of successful immigrant entrepreneurs not only to inspire other immigrant entrepreneurs but also to increase trust regarding immigrant entrepreneurs among native population. Another important step by government could be early orientation for immigrant entrepreneurs to Swedish business market. Entrepreneurship advisory industry needs to understand immigrant entrepreneurs better and organize more multi-cultural events to lower the barriers between native and immigrant communities.

  • Public defence: 2017-10-13 10:00 V159, Kalmar
    Rask, Marie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Women receiving notification of an abnormal Pap smear result: - experiences and impact on health-related quality of life2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The aim of this thesis was to investigate experiences of receiving notification of an abnormal Pap smear result and its impact on women’s health-related quality of life as well as to investigate women’s awareness of human papillomavirus.


    Methods: In total, 176 women and 20 healthcare professionals participated. Data were collected through individual interviews (I, II) and a questionnaire (IV) including the instrument Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy – Cervical Dysplasia (FACIT-CD) and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). For the translation and cross-cultural adaptation of the FACIT-CD, and for evaluation of its linguistic validity and reliability, cognitive debriefing interviews and a questionnaire consisting of the Swedish instrument FACIT-CD was used. Data were analysed by content analysis (I, II) and by using statistical analysis (III, IV), while one part (III) was analysed according to FACIT translation methodology.  


    Results: Women receiving notification of an abnormal Pap smear result have good overall HRQoL; they become anxious but not depressed. Reasons for anxiety were mainly that women misinterpreted the result as cancer, which could lead to lower attendance for further investigation, treatment and follow-up. To cope with the anxiety, women sought emotional support and information. They primarily used the Internet for information but also turned to healthcare professionals for information needs. Moreover, women had low awareness of HPV, its sexually transmitted nature, and its relationship to abnormal Pap smear results and cervical cancer. An awareness of HPV as a sexually transmitted infection did not lead to higher level of anxiety or more depression symptoms or worse HRQoL, compared to not being aware. Finally, the Swedish FACIT-CD is equivalent to the English version and linguistically valid and exhibited good internal consistency reliability.


    Conclusion: Women have low awareness of HPV and abnormal Pap smear results, whereupon they misinterpret their test result as cancer. It is of importance that women understand their test result, in order to minimise anxiety as well as to maintain high attendance for investigation, treatment and follow-up of abnormalities.

  • Skagerberg, Lisa Emilia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Partners upplevelse av sin roll vid vård med palliativ intention.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Att vara närstående till en patient som vårdas med palliativ intention kan medföra fysiska och psykiska påfrestningar. Studier har påvisat att partners löper högre risk än andra närstående att drabbas av ohälsa. Då vården centreras kring patienten riskerar partners behov av stöd ej bli uppmärksammat och medföra att partners blir utbränd eller traumatiserad.

    Syfte: Att belysa hur den palliativa patientens partner upplever sin roll inom palliativ vård.

    Metod: För att undersöka detta gjordes en systematisk litteraturstudie med kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Datainsamlingen utgick från tre databaser Cinahl, Pubmed och PsycInfo. Teoretisk referensram för studien var systemteori.

    Resultat: Studien resulterade i tre kategorier överväldigande, otydlig och ensam. Partners beskrev sin roll som överväldigande med ökad arbetsbörda såväl fysisk som psykisk. Informationsbrist och inte alltid fungerande informationsflöden med och mellan vårdinstanser medförde att partners upplevde ovisshet i vad som förväntades av dem och rollen upplevdes otydlig. Situationen kunde leda till social isolering och att partners upplevde en distans till sin omgivning. Det kunde även uppstå känslomässig distans till den sjuke då relationen dem emellan förändrades vilket bidrog till att partners upplevde sin roll som ensam. 

    Slutsats: Att vara partner till en patient vid vård i livets slutskede kan innebära psykiska, fysiska och praktiska utmaningar i tillvaron vilka ger sig uttryck utifrån den unika situationen. Hur partners upplever situationen påverkas av hens relation till den sjuke och hens relation till sjuksköterska. För att utforma stöd till partners som utgår från deras behov behöver partners upplevelse av sin roll inom palliativ vård ges utrymme.

  • Jonsson, Helen
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Design.
    Snöklocka2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor of Fine Arts), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Varje dag utsätts vi för ljud som kan vara skadliga för vår hörsel. Våra öron är ett ytterst finkänsligt instrument som vi behöver vara rädda om och det är mycket viktigt att vi kan finna tid och plats för återhämtning. Hemmet är en plats som jag tycker borde kunna erbjuda oss den vila vi behöver. Akustiken i hemmet påverkas när arkitekturen i husen förändras. Den öppna planlösningen leder till problem med ljudmiljön och många tänker inte på detta. Kombinationen med öppen planlösning, hårda material, stora glaspartier och högt i tak gör att ljudet beter sig på ett sätt som är ansträngande för vår hörsel. I mitt designarbete försöker jag skapa en mer behaglig hemmiljö som erbjuder en lugnare, mer naturlig akustik. Det ljudlandskap vi har i vårt egna privata utrymme, hemmet, borde få vara något som känns bra på alla sätt. Människan har ett behov av återhämtning och därför skulle en produkt som ökar chansen för det vara till nytta.

  • Johansson, Stefan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Design. SteJo Designbyrå AB.
    Tab.Ulmus: Framtidens skrivbord2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor of Fine Arts), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Projektet Tab.Ulmus undersöker två saker.

    Dels vad kännetecknar framtidens skrivbord ur ett formmässigt, funktionellt och tekniskt perspektiv? Detta görs genom att gå igenom aktuell forskning inom området framtidens arbetsplatser och de trender som man idag ser inom utvecklingen av vårt sätt att utföra kreativt (kontorsbaserat) arbete. En prototyp på ett framtidens skrivbord kommer också att tillverkas i linje med de resultat jag kommer fram till.

    Dels kommer också ett designmanifest att utvärderas. Manifestets tio punkter har vuxit fram som ett resultat av mina studier i kombination med mina tidigare erfarenheter inom datavetenskaplig forskning och hobbysnickeri. Jag försöker i utvecklingen av skrivbordet att följa manifestet, och följer sedan upp i vilken mån punkterna kan anses vara uppfyllda. Resultatet är att jag tillverkat en fungerande skrivbordsprototyp, som i de allra flesta avseenden uppfyller manifestets punkter.

  • Bojent, Patrik
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Åhlander, Maria
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Revisionspliktens avskaffande: En studie om revisionsbyråernas strategi- och implementeringsarbete för att anpassa sig till omvärldsförändringen.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Examensarbete, Företagsekonomi, Ekonomihögskolan vid Linnéuniversitetet, kurskod 2FE90E/2FE92E, VT 14

    Författare: Patrik Bojent, Maria Åhlander

    Handledare: Pia Nylinder

    Titel: Revisionspliktens avskaffande. En studie om revisionsbyråernas strategi och implementeringsarbete för att anpassa sig till omvärldsförändringen.

    Bakgrund: 1 november 2010 avskaffades revisionsplikten för små aktiebolag. Hur revisionsbyråerna har arbetat med sina strategier för att klara den förändringsprocess som revisionspliktens avskaffande inneburit, ligger till grund för detta arbete.

    Syfte: Syftet med detta arbete är att analysera vilka strategier revisionsbyråerna har använt sig av för att anpassa sig till den omvärldsförändring som revisionspliktens avskaffande inneburit och hur de har lyckats implementera dessa i organisationen.

    Metod: Studien består av kvalitativa intervjuer på fem revisionsbyråer av olika storlek i Växjö. Personerna som har intervjuats var i ledande position på revisionsbyråerna.

    Resultat, slutsatser: Revisionsbyråerna som har studerats har hanterat omvärldsförändringen på lite olika sätt, men alla upplevde att förändringen blev mindre omfattande än förväntat. De har därför inte gjort några stora strategiska förändringar. Alla har valt att fokusera mest på sina kunder och att bibehålla en så hög kvalité och en så bra relation med sina kunder som möjligt. Revisionspliktens avskaffande har gjort att andelen revision för de flesta har minskat, men den minskade revisionstiden har ersatts med andra tjänster, främst rådgivning och redovisning. Totalt sett upplever revisionsbyråerna därför inte att de har tappat intäkter, utan att det är relativt oförändrat.

  • Eriksson, Felicia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Lärarna – första linjen till att förmedla kunskap om doping: - En studie av hur lärare på idrottsgymnasium förmedlar kunskap angående doping till eleverna2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka hur idrottsgymnasium arbetar för att förmedla kunskap kring doping till eleverna, genom att undersöka idrottsgymnasier i Växjö kommun. Trots att det finns forskning som påvisar riskerna med användandet av doping så visar statistik på att doping ökar i Sverige. Användningen av dopingklassade preparat börjar oftast i skolåren och det är på grund av bristande kunskap som gör att ungdomar väljer att bruka dopingpreparat. För att besvara syftet så valde vi att använda oss av kvalitativa intervjuer som val av metod, vilket genomfördes med fem lärare som arbetade på olika idrottsgymnasium i Växjö kommun. Den teoretiska utgångspunkten i denna studien utgår ifrån läroplansteorin, som används för att analysera resultatet. Studien resulterade i att samtliga lärare undervisade angående doping, men att detta genomfördes på olika sätt. Vidare menar samtliga lärare att den individuella bakgrunden, samt idrott är av betydelse för hur undervisningen sker i praktiken.  

    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mathematics.
    On the length of largest cycle of quadratic dynamical systems modulo a prime2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we investigate dynamical systems which are given by f : x 7→ x2 + c modulo a prime and for which value of the constant c can we get the largest possible cycle. We get the main ideas for finding cycles in iteration functions by introducing Floyd’s algorithm. Next, we implement the algorithms and ideas for finding cycles in Mathematica and visualize the results. In addition, we study the theoretical bounds for the length of the largest cycle and the case of c = 0 in detail. At last, we have some short discussion to this effect.

  • Paulsson, Susann
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    Förskollärarperspektiv på barns skrivande i förskolan: -      Utifrån ett förstärkt uppdrag2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study has a focus on the way that a number of preschool teachers interpret their assignment regarding children’s literacy in preschool. The two research questions are: how do these preschool teachers interpret their assignment regarding children’s literacy learning and opportunities? How do these preschool teachers regard their qualifications to support children’s writing with the starting point that children are using literacy meaningfully? The theoretical frameworks include three perspectives or approaches on children’s written language development. They are sociocultural perspective, cognitive perspective and developing educational perspective. The concept livsvärld or lifeworld provides an overall frame to further direct the analysis of the studies and research questions since the object of the study is the preschool teacher. The methodological approach is hermeneutic since it is the preschool teachers` narrative and interpretations of their assignment that are in focus, and therefore interviews have been used as a form of dialog guide. The preschool teachers’ interpretations highlight a number of categories that emerged from the analysis. In the analysis of the results, there emerged a fragmented picture but also some area of agreement and concordance amongst the views of the preschool teachers regarding their interpretations of their assignment regarding children’s literacy in preschool. The fragmented picture is about how preschool children learn about literacy and what should be included in teaching about literacy in preschool. The consistent picture is that there is a need for more training to increase their competence in relation to how preschool children learn about literacy. A conclusion is that there is a need for distinct guidance about how to interpret the assignment of beginning the teaching of literacy in preschool. In the final discussion, attention is also drawn to preschool children’s opportunity to learn about literacy based on the preschool teacher’s interpretation of their assignment.

  • Nordmark, Ida
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Swedish Language.
    Grannspråksundervisning i gymnasieskolan: Fyra svensklärares uppfattning om momentet grannspråk2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During their education all pupils in Swedish upper secondary school are supposed tocome into contact with some teaching in the neighbouring languages, Danish and Norwegian.The aim of this study is to investigate with the aid of interviews ho fouractive upper secondary school teachers perceive the neighbouring languages in terms ofthe central questions of teaching and learning: How? What? and Why? The studyfocuses on the course Swedish 2, a subject taught by the four teachers. The result showsthat the teachers have different perceptions of the neighbouring language module andthat there are different reasons underlying this. The teachers’ own training in this varies,and this affects their own outlook on this module in the Swedish 2 course, so that lessteaching is devoted to the module. Time is another factor that makes teachers feel thatthe neighbouring language module is a less important part of the teaching in Swedish.The teachers’ perceptions of the neighbouring languages can be viewed as both positiveand negative. The perceptions in this study are based on the informants’ experience andpersonal preferences.

  • Selman, Angelica
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    "Det är sällan diskussioner om det är Jahve, Buddha, Allah eller Gud".: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om hur pedagoger säger sig arbeta allsidigt och sakligt i förskolan med fokus på andra trosuppfattningar än den kristna trosuppfattningen i sina verksamheter.2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to find out how the respondents, think, feel and practice curriculum assignment Objectivity and comprehensiveness in their role as preschool teachers. With this as a starting point I made the choice to do the survey through a qualitative approach. As a research method I used structured focus group interviews with a total of 10 pre-school teachers with different backgrounds, in two different units. They felt that they highlight differences but they are not actively working to lift the beliefs or ceremonies linked to other beliefs than the beliefs in the majority society. The study relies on a developmental theory based on the American developmental psychologist Urie Bronfenbrenner (1979). The theory describes how the individual interacts with the environment at different levels and how it affects the child’s development and in his or hers identity building. The result showed that the majority of the interviewed preschool teachers consider it difficult to work on the basis of a comprehensive assignment focusing on beliefs and celebrations. The local governing body is clear that versatility and integrity are to be implemented. I want this study to achieve a greater awareness of the importance and understanding of the pre-school teacher's role in a child's positive identity development and its impact on his or hers role in the Swedish society.

  • Snodgrass, Eric
    Malmö University.
    What is Executing Here?2017In: Executing Practices / [ed] Helen Pritchard, Eric Snodgrass, Magda Tyżlik-Carver, Brooklyn, New York: DATA Browser , 2017, 217-236 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • Bergström, Lotta
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature.
    Evigt liv till varje pris: En posthumanistisk tematisk studie av Don DeLillos roman Zero K2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to analyse the posthuman themes in Don DeLillo’s novel Zero K (2016). The themes focused upon are death in a posthuman context, and the creation of a new kind of human being. From a critical posthumanist perspective the novel’s underlying critique of contemporary society is also identified and analysed. The result of the study shows that Zero K can be read as critical towards the uneven distribution of wealth in the world, the strong focus on individuality in our current society and the lack of genuine discussions regarding the ethical implications of bio-technical advances.

  • Santesson, Sara
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Chemistry and Biomedical Sciences.
    Prebiotic oligosaccharides and their fermentation products in a novel putative probiotic strain from the genus Weissella.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Our large intestine is like a large metabolic organ colonised by microorganisms. Beneficial probiotic bacteria are of interest since they might metabolise certain prebiotic carbohydrates and produce metabolites that are suggested to promote health and prevent diseases.


    Strains of Weissella have proven probiotic properties since they, for example, show ability to metabolise prebiotic oligosaccharides, are resistant to a low pH (pH 2-3) and bile salt. In a previous project, six new strains of Weissella were isolated from Indian fermented food and vegetables, and four of them, including strain 92, were able to ferment xylooligosaccharides and form short chain fatty acids (SCFA), especially acetic acid. This strengthened the probiotic potential of these strains.


    The aim of this project was to see if previously untested oligosaccharides (arabinooligosaccharides (AOS), laminarioligosaccharides (LOS) and chitooligosaccharides (COS)) could be metabolised by Weissella strain 92.


    This study includes the following steps; cell growth in MRS (De Man, Rogosa and Sharpe) medium on different carbohydrates measured with spectrophotometer, pH measurement (analysing the difference of MRS medium (pH 6.42) pre and post cell growth, where reduced pH indicates acid production), and analysis of fermentation products (including SCFA (short chain fatty acids, e.g. acetic acid, butyric acid, propionic acid), lactic acid and ethanol) with an HPLC (high-performance liquid chromatography) instrument.


    This research study has shown that Weissella strain 92 produces acetic and butyric acid as a consequence of use of AOS, LOS and COS, this indicates that the oligosaccharides are prebiotic and emphasizes the probiotic potential of Weissella strain 92.

  • Lindgren, Björn
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Music and Art.
    Erfarenheter och åsikter om videos: Instrumentlärare om videos som undervisningsmaterial2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I en undersökning vars syfte är att lyfta instrumentlärares erfarenheter och åsikter om videos som undervisningsmaterial har fem informanter intervjuats. Materialet som samlats in presenterar efter analys informanternas erfarenheter och åsikter genom Koehler och Mishras (2009) TPaCK-modell. Det som framgår efter analys är informanternas olika vilja, intresse och kunnande för att involvera videos och deras erfarenheter och åsikter om att involvera videos i sin undervisning. I resultatet presenteras en gemensam åsikt om videos som en visuell resurs där åskådaren både kan se och höra. Videos främsta egenskap är också enligt informanterna att verka som en möjlig förlängning av lektionen. I diskussionen framgår dock att videos inte är någon självklar del av undervisningen utan hänger på instrumentlärares intresse, kunnande och vilja att involvera videos i sin undervisning. 

  • Lundberg, Lisa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Music and Art.
    ”Man kan inte ta ut noterna för sig, då blir de meningslösa”: En studie om musiklärares funderingar och erfarenheter kring notanvändning i musikundervisning på gymnasiet2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Föreliggande studie syftar till att undersöka musiklärares egna erfarenheter kring notanvändning i musikundervisning och vilket syfte noterna har i deras undervisning. Syftet har undersökts genom intervjuer med fem olika lärare på gymnasiet, detta för att få reda på deras tankar och erfarenheter kring notburen undervisning. Studien är grundad i teorin fenomenografi, vilket även har använts som analysmetod. Fenomenografi syftar till att finna kvalitativt skilda sätt att förstå ett fenomen. I denna studie har teorin använts som ett sätt att finna kvalitativt skilda sätt att använda noter i undervisningen. Analysen visade tre skilda sätt; noter som stöd för gehör, notanvändning för inlärning och noter som lärandeobjekt. Vidare undersöktes även lärarnas beskrivningar kring hur de önskar sig kunna arbeta med noter men även möjligheter och problem med notburen undervisning. Lärarna beskrev många problem och inte så mycket möjligheter. Till exempel trodde flera lärare att notburen undervisning kunde göra så att eleverna tappade intresset för musikundervisningen. 

  • Gustafsson, Christoffer
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Music and Art.
    Gitarristers notläsning: En studie vid gymnasiets estetiska program om gitarrelevers reflektioner i arbetet med notläsning.2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Föreliggande studie syftar till att undersöka vilka skillnader och likheter som uppkommer i gitarrelevers reflektioner kring metoder och svårigheter i arbetet med att läsa noter. Jag har därför valt att studera ett antal gitarrelever som får instrumentalundervisning på gymnasieskolans estetiska program. Deras metoder problematiseras samtidigt som jag försöker få en bild av hur eleverna förstår och använder sig av notläsning. I studien används en kvalitativ metod i form av intervjuer kombinerat med ett experiment kopplat till notläsning. För att kunna beskriva och analysera gitarrelevernas metoder, svårigheter och uppfattningar om notläsning har jag använt fenomenografi som teoretiskt perspektiv. Studien redovisar intervjuer med fem informanter. Resultatet visar att elever som relaterar notbilden till en skala med en tydlig position på gitarrhalsen har ett bättre flöde i notläsningen i motsats till elever som behandlar tonerna individuellt. Notläsningen blev dessutom riktigt bra och effektiv när detta kombinerades med tydliga analytiska metoder. Det gick också bra för de elever som hade fått tydliga tips och strategier med sig från lärare. I resultatet framgår det också att samtliga elever uppfattar noter som någon form av kommunikation eller språk.

  • Lind, Tanja
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Swedish Language.
    Klarspråk i beslutsbrev: En receptionsstudie av hur läsare med respektive utan läs- och skrivsvårigheter förstår och upplever två versioner av ett bygglovsbeslut2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This case study uses a reading comprehension test and interviews to investigate how readers with and readers without reading or writing difficulties understand and perceive a decision on building permission in two versions: an original version and a version revised in accordance with the recommendations in a guide to plain language, Klarspråk­stestet för beslut. The aim is to contribute to usage guidance on adjusting texts for people with reading and writing difficulties and to study how comprehension and perception differ between those who have reading and writing difficulties and a control group. The study includes twelve participants, half of them with reading and writing difficulties. The theoretical framework of the study is plain language based on adequate simplifications and explanations for the intended recipient.


    The result shows that there were differences between the groups’ mean scores on comprehension questions when they have read the decision in the original form, but there were no longer any differences between the groups when they had read the version in plain language. Just two people answered all the questions on the reading comprehension test correctly. One of the reasons for this may be that decisions on building permission are a type of decision that can be difficult to understand. Revising such decisions in accordance with the recommendations of the Swedish Language Council can facilitate reading comprehension, but does not automatically mean that the content is correctly understood or that the decision is perceived as being sufficiently adapted to the reader’s perspective. The result of the reading perception test shows that most participants were more positively disposed towards the plain language version of the decision. Another result is that there is a tendency for the last text the informants read to be perceived as better. All the informants’ responses to the questions on perception show that they want to find answers to their questions early in the text. The participants with reading and writing difficulties think that the technical terms should be explained in detail, while the informants without reading and writing difficulties think that these words are sufficiently well explained. The viewpoints expressed about the content show that the informants have different reading goals.

  • Fransson, Jill
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages.
    ¿Prefieren los alumnos de ELE un aula tradicional o bien un aula con las TIC?: Un estudio sobre las actitudes acerca del uso de las TIC en la clase ELE2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to understand students’ attitudes towards the use of ICT and how it is being used in Spanish as a foreign language. We also wanted to know what kind of ICT activities are being used and what the students’ thoughts are about those. Are the activities with ICT helping the students develop their communicating skills? One of the questions in this study was also whether the students prefer the usage of ICT in the classroom over a traditional classroom (without ICT). The study was conducted through surveys at a secondary school in southern Sweden. The results demonstrated that the students are positive towards the use of ICT even though it is not often used in during their Spanish lessons.

    Our study also demonstrated that the most used ICT activity to promote communication is emailing, as well as direct messages, usually towards the teacher. Videoconferences or collaborations with students at other schools or individuals across the Internet almost never occurs and the last thing that this study demonstrated is that even though the students are very positive towards the usage of ICT, there are negative sides to it. The technology could be distracting and could also create physical problems such as headaches. Our conclusion is that the students need variety when it comes to using ICT when learning Spanish as a foreign language, because according to the students themselves this is how they get the most out of their education. 

  • Gustaf, Fritz
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Sverigedemokraternas kamp om svenskheten : Hur sverigedemokraterna konstruerar svenskhet inom det diskursiva fältet via kamp2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay use Ernesto Laclau and Chantal Mouffes view on dicourse theory analyses speeches from the Swedish democrats to see how the partie define the swedishness and how the contribute to antagonism during the process. The essay uses chain of equivalences to see how they construct the identity and also uses antagonism to create an understanding for the overtaking in discourse, which is often used by the Swedish democrats to define the identity their way. The theoretical and methodological framework helps the study to clarify what is included and excluded in swedishness. The result in the study is that the Swedish democrats find it crucial to sustain independence, be brave, have Swedish norm, culture and values, and also to create a trustworthy nation where everyone can feel safe. The study also show that the Swedish democrats subjects safety, immigrant and independence for antagonism.

  • Holst, Hanna
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Ozolins, Lise-Lotte
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Brunt, David
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Hörberg, Ulrica
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    The learning space: interpersonal interactions between nursing students, patients, and supervisors at developing and learning care units2017In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 12, no sup2, 1368337Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Previous research shows that the learning space is significant for students’ learning in pairs in clinical practice but does not explain the meaning of the phenomenon. The aim of this study is thus to explain and understand the learning space that occurs in the interaction between the patients, the pairs of nursing students, and the supervisors on a developing and learning care unit in Sweden. 

    Method: The study has been carried out with a Reflective Lifeworld Research (RLR) approach founded on hermeneutics. A total of 39 informants, consisting of 16 patients, five pairs of students (10 students), and 13 supervisors, were observed and interviewed. 

    Results: The results reveal that an interpersonal linkage between the patients, the students, and the supervisors is created within the learning space. A learning space, based on respect towards each other, creates the prerequisite for beneficial and supportive interactions that contribute to a deeper relationship. 

    Conclusion: The phenomenon is complex due to its expandable nature and due to the fact that the learning space cannot be isolated from the surrounding environment. In order to exploit the potential of the learning space it is of importance to understand and consider the learning space as a whole.

  • Gustafsson, Ludwig
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Johansson, Robin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Vertikalförskjutningar i ett flerbostadshus med lastbärande trästomme2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Wood is a recyclable building material and a natural supply. Building in wood is environmentally friendly and is becoming increasingly demanding. But building high structures in wood has its difficulties. That wood becomes deformed by both loadstrain and moisture variation is one of these difficulties. This report is a basis for the experiments that Linnaeus University is going to perform to study these deformations, so called vertical displacements. At Torparängen in Växjö, Derome will build a number of multi-story residential buildings of modules with load-bearing wooden frames. At the highest of these houses, data for temperature, relative humidity, moisture content and vertical displacements in and around the house's body will be collected using sensors. The sensors will be placed in the construction during the erection of the building. Based on previous experiments in the field, preparations for placement of the sensors have been made and motivated. A theoretical calculation of vertical displacement was also made. This in order to later compare the theory with reality. The main conclusion of the work was to minimize the proportion of wood loaded perpendicular to the fibers. Because it is the weakest part in the construction for vertical displacements. Furthermore, it was concluded that moisture content variation in the wood is the main reason for the total vertical deformations.

  • Gonev, Trajce
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Karabegovic, Ahmed
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Omkonstruktion av slanghållare till en lastvagn för diskdesinfektorer för att effektivisera och säkerställa rengörings- och desinfektionsprocessen2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Biologiskt kontaminerade medicinska instrument utgör en risk för att orsaka sjukdomar, och i förebyggande syfte används bland annat diskdesinfektorer för att rengöra och desinficera dessa instrument.Uppdragsgivaren Getinge Disinfection AB i Växjö vill effektivisera och säkerställa rengörings- och desinfektionsprocessen genom att konstruera en ny slanghållare, vilket även är syftet med detta arbete. Arbetet utförs med den ingenjörsvetenskapliga konstruktionsmetoden.Resultatet är en slanghållare som består av en klämma och en klämma-hållare, samt detaljritningar för prototyptillverkning, se Bilaga 14 och 15.Slutsatserna för slanghållaren är att risken för plastisk deformation har minimerats, att slanghållaren kan hålla i slangar med olika diametrar effektivt och säkert, att slanghållarens klämma är lätt att ersätta, samt att klämman kan vara överdimen-sionerad.Avslutningsvis är slutsatsen att den nya slanghållaren kan bidra till att effektivisera och säkerställa rengörings- och desinfektionsprocessen av anestesislangar

  • Marouf, Tara
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Södra Thailands gränskonflikt: En fallstudie om den långvariga konflikten i södra Thailand och dess förutsättningar för fred2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    For years there has been an ongoing conflict, geographically concerning the southern

    parts of Thailand. The Malay-Muslim inhabitants of the area state that they do not fully belong to Buddhist Thailand and therefore require independence in various forms. Along with the Muslims, the Buddhist inhabitants of the area also suffer from daily violence and killings. The counteractions over the years seems to have resulted in chaotic conditions where civilians die regularly. After many years of violence, this complex situation has not successfully been ended and is still current. This case study will examine the requisites for peace in southern Thailand. The conflict has been studied through a conflict management perspective, thereof the choice of theory; Svante Karlsson’s conflict management theory. The conflict has been described, discussed and applied to the chosen theory. Results presented in this study shows that it is possible to achieve peace in the southern provinces of Thailand, however cooperation between the parts is necessary. A combination of several conflict management methods by Svante Karlsson can possibly result in peace in southern Thailand. 

  • Ramovic, Armin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Political Democracy in Bosnia and Herzegovina: A Case Study about Bosnia and Herzegovina's Democratic Progress2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Integrating into a political democratic regime has not been a simple task for post-communisitc states such as Bosnia and Herzegovina. The signing of the Dayton Peace Agreement in 1995 marked the end of the catastrophic war that took place in the region, and was the start for the democratic developments that would now fully integrate Bosnia and Herzegovina into a consolidated democratic regime. However, the history after the signing of the agreement has not been as idealistic. Corruption, ethnic limitations and restrictions, disagreement between the various governmental bodies, and the lack of accountability between the political authorities are just some of the factors which have hindered Bosnia and Herzegovina from reaching any major democratic progress for the past years. This essay will examine if Bosnia and Herzegovina can be regarded as a political democratic regime in accordance to Robert Dahl’s eight institutional guarantees. It will also investigate the democratic development that has taken place before and after the elections in 2014. 

  • Sehammar, Anders
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Physics and Electrical Engineering.
    Övertonsmätning vid Södra Cell: Analys av halter och spridning av övertoner i Södra Cells elnät.2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Rapporten presenterar övertonshalter på spänningen vid två procesställverk och ett och huvudställverket vid Södra Cells anläggning i Mönsterås. Mätningarna är viktade mot Energimarknadsinspektionens standard EIFS 2013:1.

    Det utvärderas även om övertoner från procesställverken sprider sig till överliggande huvudställverk.

    Dessutom utvärderas det om strömtransformatorer som sitter monterade i procesställverken har tillräcklig mätnoggrannhet för framtida övertonsmätningar. 

  • Karlsson, Viktor
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Wärnelöv, Morgan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Dorn, Michael
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Östman, Birgit
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Brandpåverkan på lastbärande trä-glasväggar2017In: Bygg & teknik, ISSN 0281-658X, Vol. 109, no 6, 44-47 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Glas har flera av de egenskaper som eftersöks hos ett bärande material: hög styvhet, hög hållfasthet - och är dessutom transparant! Tillsammans med rätt lim och en träram bildas väggar som klarar stora laster. Linnéuniversitetet i Växjö har forskat inom detta ämne och gjort många tester på glasväggar. Resultaten visar att en bärande glasvägg kan ha lastkapacitet för att klara en bostadslast för 3-4 våningar. Nu har möjligheterna att även klara brandkraven undersökts i ett examensarbete.

  • Elgaard, Adam
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Swedish Language.
    Frågor i interaktion med elever: En studie av lärares stöttning av språklig utveckling i årskurs 5 och 62017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Oral ability is a fundamental part of children’s literacy development, as is observed in the Swedish curriculum with its requirement that teaching should help pupils to develop a multifaceted oral ability. The teacher is responsible for supporting this development in various ways. The aim of the study is therefore to ascertain how teachers use questions in their interaction with pupils and how the subsequent conversation creates the conditions for developing oral skills. Systematic observation combined with transcriptions of audio recordings was applied to analyse question types and dialogue as used by two teachers in compulsory school. The observations were made in grade 5 and 6 during lessons in civics, geography and Swedish. The results of the study show that closed questions with open, guiding questions occurred most frequently. The ensuing dialogue was usually short, but when support was given it created conditions for the development of oral skills in the pupils. The results underline the importance of teachers reflecting on which questions to ask in the classroom and how the interaction regarding questions supports the development of pupils’ oral abilities.

  • Månsson, Anton
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Computer Science.
    Webbsystem säkerhet: Ur ett API och webbapplikations perspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Web applications and APIs have become more popular every year, and security risks haveincreased. Along with more security risks and the large amount of sensitive informationshared on web applications today, the problem grows. I therefore wanted to explore morein security deficiencies to increase my own knowledge and others in the field. To do that,a web application was developed and a survey was made of what security threats existtoday and what solutions they have. Some of the solutions encountered during theinvestigation were then implemented and tested in the web application. The result showedsome general solutions such as validation, which was a solution to a number of threats.The investigation also showed that security is not black and white and that it is possibleto implement actions but attackers can still find ways to attack systems.

  • Backman, Jyri
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics. Malmö University.
    Multi arenas in Swedish elite ice hockey: a tax challenge?2017In: The 25th EASM Conference, 5–8 September 2017, Bern and Magglingen, Switzerland, Challenges and Developments of Sport Organisations, book of abstracts / [ed] Tim Ströbel, Tim Breitbarth, Hippolyt Kempf, Claas Christian Germelmann & Siegfried Nagel, Bern: University of Bern , 2017, 302-303 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]


    Swedish ice hockey is by tradition built on the principles of the European Model of Sport (pyramid structure, non-profit, utility maximization, youth fostering, and promotion and relegation etc.) and governed by the Swedish Sport Confederation. Corporation is however allowed since 1999, i.e. sport plc. But, unlike business life generally the Swedish Sport Confederation don’t allow full corporation, there is a so called 51-percent barrier, which means that a non-profit sport club must own the majority of votes in its sport plc. (Malmsten & Pallin, 2005). With inspiration from National Hockey League (NHL), i.e. Americanization of sport, new modern multi arenas has mushroomed in Swedish elite ice hockey during the first decade of the new millennium (Lundberg, 2009). These new multi arenas has not only created better sporting facilities. They have also created new sources for revenues and establishment of (sport) business groups. Generally, in Swedish elite ice hockey a non-profit sport club is majority (sole) owner of a multi arena throw a real estate company.

    To understand some of the legal challenges that arises for clubs in Swedish elite ice hockey, and their plc.’s, take-off must be taken in the Swedish (2005: 551) Companies Act. According to Companies Act (Chap. 1, §11) a limited liability company is a parent company if the limited company owns more than 50 percent of the votes or shares in the subsidiary. A socalled mother-daughter relationship, also called a genuine busi- ness group. Similar rules are contained in the Swedish (1995: 1554) Annual Accounts Act (Chap. 1, §4). If the requisites is not met, instead, a spurious (sport) business group arises. This means directly that a Swed- ish sport business group is a spurious business group, due to the fact that non-profit sport club’s must own the majority of votes, i.e. the non-profit sport club is parent company. This means from a Swedish corporate and tax law perspective that group contributions can’t be made (Swedish Income Tax Act [1999: 1229], chap. 22 and 35). The reason why Swedish sport business groups are not allowed to do group contributions is that corporate income would avoid taxation. In addition, competition would be distorted against other business forms with other owners (Ågren, 2011).

    Two Swedish elite ice hockey clubs that faced the Swedish Tax Agency’s interest in light of this intricate corporate and tax law area is Leksands IF and Modo Hockey Club. The Swedish Tax Authority’s interest were primary based on the question of withdrawal of assets. As a consequence, these two club’s real estate companies have been convicted for withdrawal of assets for the 2006/2007 season with 2.4 million and 1.96 million Swedish crowns. The main problem and research task question is hereby to analyze how the organization and regulation of Swedish elite ice hockey and establishment of new multi arenas creates tax challenges.


    Theory is not necessary for analyzing Swedish jurisprudence. However, Americanization is a valuable theory to understand the commercialization of Swedish elite ice hockey and the growth of new multi arenas, i.e. American influence and culture is received/imported/forced to a country (Alm, 2002).


    The study is based on jurisprudence and document analysis, primarily of Swedish legislation, case law and preparatory work. Also, publications about Swedish elite ice hockey and the American and European Model of Sport has been used. From a jurisprudence perspective, the Swedish Company Act and Income Tax Act, preparatory work and two indicative judgements from Appeal Court in Sundsvall has been analyzed. By analyzing these legal documents important knowledge is achieved from a corporate and tax law perspec- tive.


    Swedish corporate and tax law can never open up for group contributions for Swedish sport business groups without tax consequences even though sport plc’s has been established. This also applies to sub- sidiaries. The transition from the non-profit sector to the fully taxable corporate sphere has been driven by financial reasons and international influences. By incorporating the well-known benefits of public limited companies and combining these with international influences, representatives of Swedish elite ice hockey want to be competitive. Swedish Corporate Act and Income Tax Act creates challenges for Swedish sport with the 51percent regulation, which can result in unpleasant tax consequences in case of unconsidered re- structuring. This means that international influences from a Swedish corporate law and tax law perspective are not automatically transferable and applicable to Swedish elite sport. Representatives for Swedish elite ice hockey clubs should for this reason work for the removing the 51-percent regulation (i.e. full corpora- tion). Group contributions can then be made without tax consequences.


    Ågren, B. (2011). Beskattning av idrottskoncern [Taxation of Swedish sport business groups]. Skattenytt [Tax news, peer review], 254.

    Alm, M. (2002). Americanitis: Amerika som sjukdom eller läkemedel: svenska berättelser om USA åren 1900–1939 [Americanitis: America as disease or medicine: Swedish stories about the US the years 1900–1939] (Doctoral Dissertation). Lunds universitet.

    Kammarrätten i Sundsvall [Appeal Court in Sundsvall]. (2013). Mål nr. 1229–11 and Mål nr. 1594–11, 3436–11.

    Lundberg, H. (2009). Kommunikativt entreprenörskap: underhållningsidrott som totalupplevelse före, un- der och efter formeringen av den svenska upplevelseindustrin 1999–2008 [Communicative entrepre- neurship: Entertainment sport as experience before, under and after the formation of the Swedish entertainment industry 1999–2008] (Doctoral Dissertation). Växjö universitet.

    Malmsten, K. & Pallin, C. (2005). Idrottens föreningsrätt [Sport association]. Stockholm: Norstedts. 

  • Kordestani, Arash
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Sattari, Setayesh
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Peighambari, Kaveh
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Oghazi, Pejvak
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics. Södertörn University.
    Exclude me not: the untold story of immigrant entrepreneurs in Sweden2017In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 9, no 9, 1-22 p., 1584Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the perspectives of immigrant entrepreneurs on the barriers they face regarding their inclusion in public procurement in Sweden through the so-called supplier diversity programs. Drawing upon modern stakeholder theory and transaction cost economics, this study aims to identify potential barriers such entrepreneurs face in succeeding as suppliers to the public sector. Data were collected through interviews with immigrant entrepreneurs who had experience with the public procurement tender process in Sweden. The results reveal that immigrant entrepreneurs doing business with public procurement face several barriers, ranging from economic to social ones such as information, advertising, human resources, and undercapitalization. The interviewees believe that such barriers weaken their performance and hinder their success in public procurement tenders. When it comes to supplier diversity programs, the entrepreneurs under study were either unaware of such programs in public procurement in Sweden or did not believe in their effectiveness.

  • Ali, Muatasem Latif
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Biology and Environmental Science.
    Riskkommunikation generellt exemplifierat genom branden i Halmstad 20122017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A chemical accident can cause damage in individuals, groups or entire communities. The injury may concern human life, property or the environment. An accident can affect a large part of society and requires cooperation between the actors involved. Different stakeholders need to be informed, but it is not certain how a message should be delivered and who should do it.

    The study's purpose is to study risk communication generally, as exemplified by the accident in Halmstad September 21, 2012, when a fire broke out in a warehouse in Halmstad harbor. How the involved persons experienced communication,

    What factors could affect the communication at such types of critical situations.

    In the study, two methods have been used. The first used method was a web-survey of people working in civil protection in Halmstad municipality, environmental office in Halmstad, the public living in the municipality, police, Coast Guard, industries and media. The second method was semi-structured interviews addressed to some of those affected who worked in media, police, coast guard, the company, emergency services and the local authority.

    This study showed that there were differences between the respondents' answers on how respondents perceived that there were risks to human health or the environment in this accident. Many of the respondents who responded to the survey felt that the risk communication worked well after the fire. This survey and semi- structured interviews showed that respondents felt that the municipality's website was a good information channel and the internet and social media could be a good source for the responsible authorities to quickly disseminate information to the public. This study showed that the municipality and emergency services were actors most concerned in this context when it came to communicating risks in major accidents where chemicals were involved and all respondents had great confidence to the emergency services and municipality. 

  • El Berr, Luisa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Regime Survival during the Arab Spring:: A Case study of how the Moroccan leader addressed the popular discontent during and after the Arab Spring in 20112017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Arab Spring, the protests that spread through the Arab world, led to very different outcomes in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. That some regimes survived during the Arab Spring and some experienced regime-change has been explained through political, economic and social perspectives. This desk-study investigates how the Moroccan government addressed popular discontent during and after the Arab spring in 2011. In order to examine the case study through a new theoretical angle, this research applies the Theory of Policy Substitutability by Amy Oakes (2012) to the chosen case study. This study identifies that the Moroccan government used political reform, repression, a sort of economic reform and the use of cultural symbols were put in place to lower the intensity of protests. The findings underline that the government used a number of tactics that can be analyzed through the concept of diversionary tactics, meaning the diversion from internal struggle.


    This research adds value to the discussion about regime survival in the case of the Moroccan Arab Spring not only by applying the Theory of PS as a structuring device for existing explanations of regime survival, it furthermore adds value by giving an example of how scholars can examine qualitatively how the concept of diversionary tactics (military and non-military responses) can have applicability. 

  • Kapetanovic, Ena
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages.
    Education as an Act of Self-Fulfilment: A Literary Analysis of Holocaust Narratives in the Light of Personal Development and Their Utilization in the EFL Classroom2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the present inquiry was to identify significant factors which had impact on the lives of Miriam Darvas and the protagonist Liesel Meminger, linked to the circumstances of the Holocaust in their respective narratives Farewell to Prague and The Book Thief. Through the investigation of the living conditions impacting the individuals, Maslow’s Theory of Motivation is applied in order to find the factors hindering the possibility for Miriam and Liesel to develop in their personal selves. Simultaneously, an educational aim followed the study in order to clarify the pedagogical possibilities of using the narratives in an EFL classroom.    The findings of the present inquiry indicate great similarities in the change of circumstances between Miriam and Liesel due to the war, which consequently impacted the individuals in their basis of developing their personal self. The results disclosed several instances in which the surroundings of Darvas and Meminger hindered their ability to develop and deprived them of the necessities needed, according to Maslow’s theory. However, they also disclosed indications of finding inner strength by self-improvement through education. Therefore, the findings from the present study supports an area of pedagogical possibilities using the narratives in the EFL classroom, such as enhancing the knowledge and understanding for the living conditions during the Holocaust, providing alternative reading suggestions to the commonly used Holocaust literature, as well as allowing collaborations between several subjects in high school.

  • Holm, Stina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages.
    Mindreading matters: A study of Jane Eyre and Emma, in search of empathic response in the narrative, through theory of mind, for the purpose of scaffolding2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to use a cognitive approach to analyse two novels that are considered to be part of the British literary canon: Jane Eyre (1847) by Charlotte Brontë and Emma (1816) by Jane Austen. The study aims to utilise close reading and thematic analysis of human emotion. The themes are as follows: the fear of losing a loved one, morals and values in relation to love and marriage, and feelings of disgust, aversion, antipathy and shame. Quotations from each novel are analysed with the theoretical framework of “theory of mind” and placed within the emotional frame of the thematic analysis. The aim of this is to provide possible scaffolding for learners of English as a foreign language, in an attempt to make canonised literature more easily accessible. Scaffolding may be needed for Swedish EFL learners to overcome the language barrier presented in literature from the 19th century. Further benefits of emotional scaffolding conform to requests of the Swedish Agency of Education and the Curriculum’s demands that education be conducted in such a way as to promote empathy, compassion and understanding for fellow humans.

    The analysis shows that strong emotional connection in the novels provide ample opportunity to analyse readers’ possible empathetic response, thus resulting in the opportunity for these responses to serve as scaffolding as well as an opportunity to improve empathetic ability. 

  • Khurram, Eraj
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Factors that contribute to the violence against women: a study from Karachi, Pakistan2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Violence against women is an international issue that is affecting the lives of women globally. Sustainable Development Goals also emphasizes gender equality and women’s empowerment for peace around the world and each country is responsible to check within a country accordingly. In Pakistan women are vulnerable to violence because of the patriarchal society in the country; the resulting male dominance results in extensive violence against women. The purpose of this study is to discover the factors that are responsible for violence against women in Karachi city. Several studies are already reported in the literature about violence against women in Pakistan, but this study focuses on the city of Karachi in particular where women from three different social classes were interviewed. A total of 22 participants were interviewed from lower, middle and upper classes. A comparative analysis made in order to find out the differences in the level of intensity of violence against women between three different classes. The focus on both gender and class motivated the use of an intersectionality framework to analyse the multiple interlocking categories of violence in women’s life in Karachi. The research showed that all those factors reported in the previous literature are still present in the society and still need to be addressed to make progress towards the 2030 agenda of Sustainable Development Goals.

  • Rozumek, Carole
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Survival Strategies under Repression: The Case of the Egyptian Civil Society2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Similarly to many governments around the world, the Mubarak regime of Egypt was hostile to the activities of civil society. Following the Revolution of 2011 in Egypt, the members of civil society organizations and activists in general were expecting an improvement of their working conditions. However, despite the promises made by the new president, conditions have worsened and the repression has increased. Pressurized by harsher restriction, the civil society needs to create strategies to ensure its survival. This study aims to understand what sorts of strategies are required under a repressive environment.

    The conceptual frame of this study was grounded on several articles that researched several relevant areas. These concepts were the repression, the civil society in Egypt, and the state – civil society relationship. In researching these behaviours, the goal was to understand the patterns of such environments, which are not usually present in western society. The core of the research process concerned the gathering of qualitative data through interviews with members of the Egyptian civil society.

    The results of the research provide a model that should be replicated with data from other repressive countries in order to ensure its accuracy. This model is based on four major strategic goals that are vital to the survival of a civil society under oppressive regimes. These four goals are fulfilled by behavioural choices that are influenced by the repression’s context. These behavioural choices illustrate the way civil society strategizes and eight of them could be isolated. Mapping the four goals against the eight BCs demonstrate two aspects. The BCs have a tendency to overlap when it comes to their strategic objectives, meaning that one behavioural choice can contribute to several strategic goals. However, this mapping also showed that some goals were sufficiently fulfilled by the BCs. The main issue is the cut of funding and this restriction has not been dealt with in an efficient way by the civil society. This problem needs follow ups and international funds and grant providers should be aware of these sanctions. Moreover, the lack of understanding the government has of the advantages of civil society should also be investigated. Indeed, the research shows that this hostility mainly comes from the government perceiving civil society as a threat.

  • Ericson, Thomas
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Anxo, Dominique
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Herbert, Anna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Därför vill 40-talisterna jobba efter 652017In: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 45, no 5, 45-58 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Dagens generation av svenskar i åldersgruppen 65–74 år har en högre sysselsättningsgrad än tidigare generationer. I den här artikeln analyseras seniorernas motiv till att fortsätta att arbeta och varför andra går i pension, med fokus på vilka socioekonomiska faktorer som påverkar beslutet att fortsätta arbeta efter 65. Vi undersöker även om det finns vissa personlighets- och karaktärsdrag som utmärker de arbetande seniorerna, samt om det finns ett samband mellan arbete efter 65 och den allmänna tillfredsställelsen med livet.

  • Degerman, Eva
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    Salomonsson, Helen
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    Surfplattans roll i kommunikation och delaktighet: Personals erfarenhet av surfplatta i grundsärskolans inriktning träningsskola med fokus på kommunikation och delaktighet2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie är en enkätstudie med syfte att undersöka hur personal i grundsärskolor med inriktning träningsskola runt om i landet använder surfplattan i verksamheten. Om surfplattan kan vara ett stöd för kommunikation och om detta kan leda till delaktighet.

    Vi utgår från följande frågeställningar.


    -          Vilken erfarenhet har personal  av surfplattan som kommunikationsverktyg i grundsärskolans inriktning träningsskola?

    -          Hur används surfplattan för att skapa delaktighet för eleverna i grundsärskolans inriktning träningsskola?

    Vid analysen har vi tittat på resultaten kring kommunikation ur ett sociokulturellt perspektiv samt utifrån Claude Shannon och Warren Weavers teori inom kommunikation. Vi har även analyserat utifrån Kristina Szönyi och Tove Söderqvist Dunkers modell kring delaktighet.


    Studien visar på att surfplattan anses som ett bra verktyg för kommunikation främst inom ämnesområdet kommunikation. Den används till stor del som stöd i undervisningen men även som ett dokumentationsverktyg som främjar kommunikationen mellan skolan och hemmet. Studien visar även på att det finns flera fördelar med att använda surfplattan för att skapa möjlighet till delaktighet hos eleven och då främst genom kommunikation.


  • Gren, Magnus
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Folkbibliotekens mål och uppdrag: En undersökning om vad folkbibliotekens mål är och vilka funktioner de har i samhället2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the goals and functions of the public libraries in Sweden. This is regarding their materials, what groups they are focusing on and what their purpose is in the society. The paper focus on the four interviews that I have conducted which also are what this study is based upon. I have used the model of Andersson & Skot Hansen (1994) to analyze the material and the results that I have found. This in order to determine what functions the public library has that I have chosen as an example for this study. It displays what functions the chosen library has in its community and the goals of the public libraries. The result shows that the libraries strive to spread culture, literature and information to all groups in the society and to support all forms of education. The paper also reveals that the library that I have chosen has many functions in its community as public libraries often has.

  • Selzer, Dominik
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages.
    Adaptives Vokabellernen: Eine Studie über adaptives Lernen mit automatisierten Vokabelapps2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study analyzes the effectiveness of adaptive methods for learning words in a foreign language with the help of the adaptive learning app Memrise. First, a brief overview over what has been said about word acquisition, adaptive learning, and motivation to learn is given. Secondly, the method of this study is explained, describing both a control group, working with the app, and an experimental group, working with an ordinary wordlist. Results show that students using the app learn words better over a short period of time and also remember the words longer than students who do not work with the app. It can also be said that the motivation to work with the learning app is only effected positively when working in small groups that like to compete for points given in the app itself. The essay concludes that adaptive learning, especially with an app, can offer an effective way of teaching vocabulary in terms of gaining a bigger vocabulary in a short time.

  • Karremo, Antonia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages. Student.
    Strand gut, alles gut am Weltnaturerbe Wattenmeer!: Zur Übersetzung von Wortspielen und kulturspezifischen Elementen ins Schwedische am Beispiel einer deutschen Touristenbroschüre2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The subject of this thesis is the translation of wordplays and cultural words in a German tourist brochure into Swedish. The overall aim was to examine which strategies were used to translate them and how the skopos, i.e. the purpose, and the text type affected these choices.

    Translating wordplays is known to be notoriously difficult, and this is also brought to light in this thesis. Even though 55% of the wordplays could be translated into a wordplay, 32% could not. In a few cases the strategy wordplay à related rhetorical device (for example rhyme, metaphor or irony) was used in order to retain the vocative purpose of the wordplay. A stronger way to ensure and preserve the vocative function in the target text was by using the strategy non wordplay à wordplay, a so-called compensatory strategy – a strategy sometimes deemed necessary.

    Cultural words are concepts that demand a certain amount of knowledge of the reader. The aim was to examine if these concepts, such as material culture (for example food and towns) and ecology, should be translated by source-text oriented, or rather by target-text oriented translation strategies. The results show that both strategies are indispensable in order to fulfil the skopos of a tourist brochure. However, the target-text oriented strategies, such as generalization and substitution, dominated with 52%. The source-text oriented strategies were used in only 38% of the cases. In some cases the cultural word was translated by an official equivalent, i.e. neither a source- nor target-text oriented strategy.

  • Lindqvist, Nathalie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Europa och terrorism: - En analys av EU:s effektivisering av antiterrorism-politik2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    EU has experienced several terrorist attacks since the 1990’s, but now today is facing terrorism on a higher problem level. Terrorism threatens the European fundamental rights that EU is based upon, when it comes to safety for human rights. Its outcome terrorism grows and evolves it becomes harder to stop and predict. Terrorism is now more than ever taking more lives and has become more violent than ever before. Citizens are depending on EU to protect them and tackle the problem, the debate whether EU is doing enough is ongoing. This study seeks to examine the measures EU is taking in the fight against terrorism and how it has evolved since the groundbreakingly terrorist attack in New York 11 September 2001 also known as the 9/11 attack. I will analyse EUs approach to terrorism and weather it is inefficient or effective. The theoretical framework that the study is based on are theories about the organization theory but also efficient the control is in EU’s counter terrorism approach. EU has taken on several measures and policies against terrorism. The result of the study shows that EUs politics against terrorism has been inefficient as countries are not collaborating when it comes to fulfilling the laws and not wanting EU to have too much power over their own politics. EU as an organization is failing due to non-effective work in the member countries.

  • Jadbrant, Frode
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Tid är pengar?: - En kvalitativ studie av argument för tidsplanering inom hemtjänst2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate what arguments business management in home services uses to motivate the choice of timeplanning-system with, and what effects this gives first-line executives. 

    Method: I have used a qualitative approach in this study, with standardized and semi-structured interviews as data-collection method. I interviewed five first-line executives and one operations manager. Two of those were from private sector and three from local government. The operations manager was active in local government.

    Theory:  empirical data is analyzed using Ritzer's thesis about McDonald's and theories of leadership, which helped thematization and examination of the subject of this study.

    Result:  The studys result is thematic from Ritzer's McDonaldization-thesis and compared to the effect of the different themes on leadership. The study results show that the timeplanning systems implemented in the business affect the managers of the first line, to the extent that this increases their leadership in the direction of system control, focusing on quantity rather than quality.

  • Lundberg, Anna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages.
    La Centrafrique est-elle un guêpier?: Traduire la réalité d'un texte français sur l'Afrique2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to examine the translation of a political and historical text on the French-African relations from French into Swedish, focusing on the translation of cultural reference and metaphor. The African context is relatively unknown to Swedish readers. This and other factors mean that some expressions and phenomena mentioned in the source text will need explanation in the translated text. This type of text also contains a large number of metaphors that may have to be adapted to the target text context.The analysis in this paper has been made using the author’s own translation of an extract of the essay book ”La France en Afrique – Cinq siècles de présence: vérités et mensonges” by Jean-Paul Gourévitch. A number of works dedicated to the translation of metaphors and cultural reference have been studied and theories applied to the translation of this particular source text.The main results of the study are firstly that Ogden & Richards triangle of reference will be particularly helpful to the translator when dealing with the issues of cultural reference and metaphor. Secondly, Vermeer’s skopos theory helps the translator make the text relevant and adapted to the reader’s needs. Thirdly, the target text structure is of importance.

  • Duchaussoy, Estelle
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages. Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Language and Literature.
    Education des enfants: La maltraitance des enfants: comparaison entre deux pays européens, la France et la Suède2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Violence against children is a common phenomenon that is spread all over the world and always existed through the centuries.

    The present work will define the different forms of violences that children are victims of, present the causes which lead to these types of adult behaviors and the consequences on the child. The situation of two countries of our interest will be compared: France and Sweden. One will go through their history in term of infant violence, the laws which contributed to develop the rights of children and the actual situation in both nations. A personal investigation will be included in the work to have direct answers from both a French public and a Swedish one. This will allow us to have an idea about the actual way of thinking in both countries. The problems that France as well as Sweden face to fight for better children care will be mentioned, such as the difficulties people or different institutions have to alert the specialized organisations on a case of child mistreatment.

    The aim of this work is to compare France and Sweden and see if the hypothesis that violence is still largely spread in France and almost disappeared in Sweden is true. By analysing all the points mentioned earlier, one will eventually confirm that both countries are in totally different places concerning child violence, Sweden being the first nation to forbid any form of violence on children and France being the last one on date. One will notice that French people need to change many different points of their system as well as their way of thinking, while Swedish people need to continue their efforts to fight for this topic.

  • Ollars, Jenny
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages.
    Aux frontières des langages administratifs: Des aspects structurels et terminologiques de la traduction en suédois d'un texte français portant sur l'espace Schengen2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The present study aims to analyse, from a functional perspective, the Swedish transla­tion of an administrative text about how the border control in France is organised in cooperation between the border police and customs authorities. It is an informative text produced by French authorities at the request of the European Commission, and the translation for a Swedish-speaking audience in a national context (as opposed to a supranational, institutional one) will have a slightly different aim – or skopos, referring to the concept developed by Vermeer. The translated text is an excerpt from a survey, containing both questions and answers, that was sent out to various member countries. It is considered to belong to the text variety category that the Swedish EU translation units refer to as “communications” (meddelanden). Texts belonging to this category have a content that is political or administrative in nature, rather than legal or judicial.

    The source and target texts are studied in a contrastive manner, focusing on two major aspects: referential coherence and organisation terminology. Both aspects are examined in a quantitative and qualitative way, with the aim or skopos as a guiding principle when deciding on which translation strategies to adopt. More specifically, the first part of the study aims to examine if a reinforced referential coherence could contribute to attain the aim of “clear language” (klarspråk) which is a key feature in the language used by Swedish public authorities. The second part of the analysis focuses on terms referring to different organisational levels, and the functional equivalents that best suit the skopos of the target text, e.g. through the study of organisational charts.

    In conclusion, reinforced referential coherence seems to be one of the ways in which clear language can be achieved, and consideration of different hierarchical relations between terms is important when translating organisational terminology. The study overall highlights the importance of adapting the target text to its context and intended readers, for example by studying parallel texts.