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  • Efverman, Kevin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Som ovan, så nedan: En kvalitativ studie om astrologins roll i sökandet efter ett inre jag2020Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to get a better understanding of why people turn to astrology in todays secularized Sweden. More specifically, the purpose of the study is to investigate whether astrology functions as a mean of self-fulfillment in the pursuit of a deep self. Petteri Pietikäinen's five aspects of the deep self were used as theory in the study to define the concept of the deep self. To conduct the study, qualitative semi-structured interviews were used. Eight astrologically interested individuals participated in individual interviews. The result shows that astrology plays a function in all aspects of a deep self. How and when the respondents turned to astrology looked different. With everything from divination, narrative about the past and as maps of the deep self.

  • Youssef, Lisa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Reflections on the Ideological Evolution of the Sweden Democrats party: A Qualitative Analysis of party programs over time2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In 2018, the Sweden Democrats party has gained 17.5 per cent of the votes during the Swedish general elections. Consequently, with this success, they became the third largest party in the riksdag. However, the party’s rapid growth has created several questions in the political arena and the Swedish society about the party’s ideological affiliations and evolutions. The political scientists, Mudde (2010) and Widfeldt (2008) argue that in order to understand a party’s improvements, it is important to explore a party’s ideological evolution. Scholars have argued that Sweden Democrats have normalized their ideas and values; adopted liberal values in some policy areas in order to attract a large number of voters, succeed and survive in the political system. The aim of this study is to explore the party’s idea/ideology changes since its creation in 1988 until present 2019. Hence, the main purpose is to find out if the core ideologies of the Sweden Democrats - that is nativism, authoritarianism and populism- as expressed in their party programs respectively electoral manifestos, are characterized by continuity or by normalization, and adaptation to liberal values. Using Marie Demker’s (1993) concept of ideology, ideal types for radical right populism and liberalism have been constructed as analytical tool. The study shows that throughout the years, the party’s nativist world view and strategy have been changed and normalized, the authoritarian world view has mainly been constant but the strategy has had major changes; shifted to liberal values, and finally regarding populism; both world view and strategy are characterized by continuity. 

  • Tomasson, Hannes
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Reformeringen av Arbetsförmedlingen: En kvalitativ studie om marknadisering av offentlig verksamhet2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Marketisation reforms has for a long time been a recurring and debated phenomena, which has recently blossomed by the reform proposal of the Swedish Public Employment Service presented in the so-called “January-agreement”. The aim of this qualitative study is therefor to examine the reform proposal of the Swedish Public Employment Service presented in the “January-agreement” and relate this to marketisation. This will in this study be done by theory consuming of first George Sörensen theory about the impact of globalization on the welfare state, to give a broad view of the cause of marketisation. Then Patrik Halls definition of marketisation within NPM, to explain the meaning and effects of marketisation. And finally, Bo Rothsteins description of the market-equal model, to examine how the creation of legitimacy can be seen as a motive for the reform.

    The conclusions show that marketisation can describe the reform proposal presented in the January-agreement, which can be seen as a creation of public constructed market with a distinct client focus. Further, the market-equal model shows how the low public confidence for the Swedish Public Employment Service can be seen as a strong motive for some type of marketisation in other to create an increased legitimacy.

  • Andersson, Mikael
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Demokratins reträtt: orsak och verkan2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Statistics from Freedom House show that 2018 is the thirteenth consecutive year with democratic decline. This paper examines underlying causes to this democratic decline. This is done through literature review of current research in the field of democracy development. By using descriptive idea analysis of selected research literature, the paper aims to clarify the current debate on the challenges of democracy. The study somewhat supports that long-term liberal democracy creates conditions that potentially cause its own retreat. This is because long-term liberal democracy provides peace and growth, which is unequally distributed in society and leads to increased social divisions. As a result, large groups of people no longer feel included in society, which in turn will pave the way for populist movements and potential autocratic leaders. The study also somewhat supports that there has been a weakening in the functioning of the democratic institutions to act as gatekeepers, keeping potential autocrats out of power. Increased democracy and transparency in the democratic processes has made it easier for potential autocrats to come to power. All in all, there is some support for the hypothesis of the essay: The more democracy the greater the risk that the democratic system will weaken.

  • Petersson, Oscar
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Populism Versus the Populist Parties: An Analysis of the Relationship Between Ideology and Populism on the Cases of Fidesz and Syriza2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a case study aiming to clarify the potentially outdated focus on the populist features in modern populist parties. By analyzing the right-wing populist party of Fidesz and the left-wing populist party of Syriza the aim is to clarify whether populism as a feature is descriptive enough to illustrate these parties, regardless their ideological stance, or whether ideology should be taken more into account than it tends to do today. To do this, the policies of each party are mapped to distinguish populist similarities, despite their ideological disparity and their differences. The analysis is delimited by the three pillars of civil society: Freedom of Associations, Freedom of Peaceful Assemblies and Freedom of Expression, referred to as the three pillars of civil society. The study shows that the descriptiveness of Fidesz as a right-wing populist party is conformed. However, the policies of Syriza demonstrate a variation of partially right-wing and left-wing populism, but also tendencies of no populism at all in their foreign policies. The descriptiveness of contemporary left-wing populist parties in the case of Syriza is thereby questionable. 

  • Turkman, Mohamad
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    New Right's Position on Globalization after the 2008 Financial Crisis: Britain and the United States: A Comparative Study2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is an analytical study that examines the ideological features of the New Right, that has governed Britain and the United States after the 2008 financial crisis, regarding globalization. The purpose of the essay is to identify the most prominent similarities and differences in the positions of the New Right on globalization in both countries after 2008. The essay shows that the New Right differs, in Britain and the United States, in its position on globalization. In Britain, successive Conservative governments support globalization with its economic, political, cultural and ecological dimensions, but with conditions. On the other hand, Trump, the only Republican president in the United States after 2008, does not support globalization in any of its dimensions. However, there are similarities between the two doctrines on issues related to the assertion of sovereignty and national identity. 

  • Elwe, Josefin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Tunisiens Demokratisering: En fallstudie om vägen mot ett demokratiskt samhälle2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay aims to examine how the democratization of Tunisia has taken place since the Arabic spring. It will also analyze how well the country qualifies as a consolidated democracy and what conflicts that have been the driving force of the democratization process. The essay is a qualitive case study and explores the years of 1987 to 2018. Moreover, it is supported by the democratization theory of Dankward A Rustow. The Arabic spring was a consequence of the high unemployment numbers, the poverty in the country and the discontent of the president’s approach of ruling. The road to the democracy has suffered from many difficulties due to influences of the previous authoritarian rule. The situation in Tunisia after the Arabic spring has been unstable and demonstrations in smaller scales has taken place. Today the country has free and fair elections regularly and 2014 a new constitution was introduced. However, people have not gained a better lifestyle from the democratization even though the democracy has flourished. Lastly, the Tunisian democracy is not yet consolidated and still needs to the implemented into the country’s laws and population.

  • Ahlstedt, Angelina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Att organisera brukares självbestämmande: En undersökning av utvecklingsrådet i Region Kalmar län2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Very much of the knowledge about patients nursing and care is located to the the patient or people related to the patient. The Swedish government has identified this problem in a national rapport and every region is responsible to implement a strategy or model to increase participation from affected patients. The Region of Kalmar county has a model for this problem called Utvecklingsrådet. By using a qualitative text analysis with framing theory and argumentative analysis approach towards the implementer process of Region of Kalmar county´s model this paper will exam how well this model has succeeded.

    Utvecklingsrådet has grown to the extent that patients and relatives to patients is contributing in different management contexts and development work directly in the organizations. By the structure of utvecklingsrådet patients and relatives to patients contribute due to what the Swedish government asked for in the national report.    

  • Ulfenstedt, Felix
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Donald Trumps utrikespolitiska hemvist: En kvalitativ textanalys av presidentens utrikespolitiska ideologi2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Since Donald Trump got elected as president of the United States in november 2016 there has been uncertainties concerning which foreign policy Trump intends to implement. Trump has been accused of being a populist and has himself been clear with his patriotic and nationalistic interests. The study has focused on the classical IR theory, realism and the trade policy theory protectionism. The analysis is based upon two speeches held by Trump in which he makes foreign policy statements. The first of the two speeches was held to the UN and the second upon the situation in the northern Syria. The two speeches got analyzed using ideal types based on offensive realism, defensive realism and protectionism. In summary president Donald Trump shows tendencies of implementing offensive neorealism to his foreign policy, he is also using protectionism to control Americas trade policy.

  • Mehmet, Serpil
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Att bära slöja: En kvalitativ studie om synen på slöjan2020Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This C-essay is a qualitative study. It is based on interviews with four female Muslims and two imams. The aim of this C-essay is to examine why these women have chosen to wear the veil and what views the imams have regarding the veil as a religious garment. As there are differences between men and women, I also wanted to examine the different views of wearing the veil. All the female informants wore veils and were practicing Muslims. They claimed it was their own choice to wear the veil but their reasons for doing so differed. There are many clear similarities between the women's and imams´ views of the veil. Many of the informants connect the veil to the Qur'an and God. All of the female informants also pointed out that they felt good about wearing a veil and also felt a sense of security. This was because the women felt that the veil served as a protection against men, a view that was not shared by the imams.

  • Wahlgren, Malin
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Betydelsen av platsannonsens utformning i förhållande till förbudet mot diskriminering: En jämförande studie mellan den privata och offentliga sektorn2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The following pages are an attempt to examine the importance of the content in a job listing in relation to the prohibition of discrimination. Furthermore, to compare legislations of the private and public sector in Sweden. The effect The European Union and other international regulations have on the way Sweden regulate job listings will also be discussed. As there is a large number of factors affecting the content in a job listing, this paper will also examine the law-oriented contribution from the European Court of Justice and the Swedish Labour Court.

    The premise is that a Swedish employer within the private and public sector can hire whoever they want, however there are some restrictions. For instance, the prohibition on discrimination and affirmative action. Other subjects in this area that will be discussed are direct and indirect discrimination, specific requirements in a job listing, factual basis in the recruitment process, the principle of objectivity and the legality principle. The employer’s requirements for active measures will also be addressed. 

  • Sandberg, Julia
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Den fysiska utformningen av arbetsplatser: -En kritisk granskning av lagkraven om utformningen av den fysiska arbetsmiljön för personer med funktionsnedsättning2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose with this essay is to review the legal sources that refers to the physicalenvironment on workplaces with the focus on disabled workers. The idea behind this essay isto show how complex the rules are in this area. Also what consequences and effects it canhave on disabled workers and their physical environment. This has been done with theapproach of sociology of law. The legal method has also been used to find the binding legalsources. Interviews has been a complement to get a picture of how existing workplaces maylook like. It has been shown that the existing sources are many and that there is a problem foremployers to know what rules to follow. They can basically choose which rules to followbecause the law that covers the topic works as a framework. That means a law with goals andguidelines. Regulations beyond this law are also written in a general way which result in lawsthat people can overlook. This affects disabled people when they for different reasons can’twork or get an employment for example. Just because the environment on the workplace isn’tadjusted. Every employee and person should be treated the same way whether they have adisability or not. A workplace where everyone can be is a workplace everyone want to have.

  • Russell, Michelle
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Är appen min arbetsgivare?: En studie om plattformsarbete ur ett arbetsrättsligt perspektiv 2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The labour law includes the legal regulation between employees and employers. However, new forms of work have been developed the last decade, as perform work through a digital platform. Considerable of modern working life with new forms of labour organisations, do not fit in the labour law. Platform work is based in temporary assignments instead of determined working hours. This results in a flexible work form, but with less stability and regularity. This can engender a lack of rights and social security and an increased uncertainty regarding their work situation.

     

    The purpose of this study is to illustrate the phenomenon platform work from a labour law perspective. To fulfil this purpose and answer the research questions it has been relevant to investigate legal material to interpret, systemise and determine applicable law. The study has placed great emphasises on practice and doctrine.

     

    The result of this study shows that it is complex to applicate the labour law on platform workers and it is difficult to determine if they should be identified as workers in a legal sense. Platform work still brings several questions about how such a labour organisation stands in the labour market. In some respects the relation between the platform and the platform workers is equivalent to the relation between an employer and an employee, and in some respect’s relationships differ. More legal sources on the subject may be required to understand the relationship between platform work and the employer and employee concept.

  • Ekelund, Emma
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Det flexibla anställningsskyddet: Om hur kollektivavtal reglerar visstidsanställningar i olika branscher2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is about flexibility in relation to employment protection through a gender perspective. It handles the regulations of fixed term employments and how they are regulated in collective agreements in different sectors. The sectors studied are chosen by statistics on male- and female dominated sectors to apply a gender perspective. 90 percent of Swedish workers are covered by collective agreements and many of the studied agreements differ markedly from both the regulation in the Swedish law and from each other.

    The study shows that depending on which sector you are working in your employment protection will differ. Especially in female dominated sectors the regulations of fixed term employments are even more flexible than the law and the regulations in male dominated sectors. According to the gender structure of the labor market, women have lower status, which could be an explanation to why the regulations tend to be less favorable for women.

    The result of the study shows that collective agreements in female dominated sectors tend to have regulations according to the Swedish law or less favorable than the law. The male dominated sectors on the other hand tend to have collective agreements that are stricter regulated than the law when it comes to the area of fixed term employments. By that said the regulations of fixed term employments seem through a gender perspective be better for men than for women.

  • Hamark, Frida
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Flexibilitet kontra anställningstrygghet: En studie av svensk rätt vid inhyrning av personal när återanställningsrätt föreligger2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Because of the globalization, the labor market has been thru some changes and the need to be flexible has increased. The need of flexibility can be met by using temporary staff that is rent from a temporary-work agency.

     

    In Sweden the regulation in Section 25 of the Swedish Employment Security Act (LAS) give previous employees priority right to re-employment when the employer is hiring new staff.  If the employer hire staff from a temporary-work agency instead of hiring new staff the priority right to re-employment is not applicable. The Swedish court of labor have judged that it is accepted to hire staff when there are former employees that have priority right to re-employment.

     

    In 2010 this was an issue surrounded by discussions from the trade unions. The result of the discussions in 2010 was regulations in collective agreements. This means that each sector has their own regulation. Because of a segregated labor market, the consequence can be unequal protection in this area.

     

    The purpose of this paper was to see if the protection is unequal and it might be. If you interpret the regulations in the collective agreements by just reading what they say the collective agreement that regulate female dominated sectors have a lower, if any special protection.

  • Ljungdahl, Elin
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Lika lön för kvinnor och män: En studie av Arbetsdomstolens praxis kring likalöneprincipen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In 2018 the average pay for female workers were 89,3 percent of the average pay for the male workers in Sweden. There are explanations for some of these differences, such as age, level of education and former experiences. Regardless, there is an unexplained pay difference at 4,4 percent. Since 1995, there has only been one win out of eight cases for the plaintiff regarding pay discrimination from the Swedish labor court. The aim of this essay is to highlight the differences in pay between men and women in Sweden and to clarify what the principle of equal pay for male and female workers for equal work or work of equal value is. In order to achieve this, the treaties, directives and preliminary rulings from the EU are studied. The rulings from the Swedish Labor Court are then critically reviewed in relation to the principle of equal pay. The study shows that the principle of equal pay aims to eliminate all types of discrimination based on gender regarding pay. Furthermore, the study shows that the Swedish Labor Court addresses to the EU law in cases regarding pay discrimination. However, the court fails to use the principle of proportionality when deciding whether the difference in pay is objectively founded. Also, the court fails to determine whether it is part of or all of the pay difference that is factually founded. 

  • Duraku, Xufee
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Väl bemötta: En intervjustudie av doktoranders perspektiv i biblioteket2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to found out about what is a good treatment in the university library and what librarians can do to make the user happy. The study focused on the meeting between the doctoral student’s and the library staff, about how the doctoral student’s wanted to be treated. The study was carried out thorough a series of four qualitative interviews with doctoral student’s. The result I analyzed from the qualitative interviewers with theories. The result of this study showed that often appreciated by the user of librarians are friendly, smiles, have eye contact during the meeting and show that they are really interested in helping the user and have patience. As a result, I worked out my own model on the parts that some of them I thought were important regarding a correct user response. Then in the analysis I explain the parts in more detail.

  • Nielsen, Matilda
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Landebring, Jenny
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Unga kvinnors uppfattning om sexuellt våld efter MeToo: En enkätstudie2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: According to WHO a third of all young women has reported that their first sexual encounter happened under duress. In 2018 more than 22 500 sexual offences were registered in Sweden. Sexual violence towards young women may have long-lasting effects such as impaired physical- and mental health. The MeToo movement saw the light of day in 2017 and has been described as a global uprising against sexual harassment and assault on women. Aim: The purpose of this paper was to describe young women’s views on sexual violence after the emergence of the MeToo movement. Method: In this paper a cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach. Data collection was made through questionnaires which was handed out at a youth guidance centre. The questionnaire consisted of questions/assumptions regarding sexual violence and the MeToo movement. The data was then described with descriptive statistics and analysed through a Chi2 test. Result: 103 women in total answered the questionnaire. Everything, from sexual humiliation to someone touching your genitals against you will, was considered an act of sexual violence by a majority of the participants. There were no significant differences when regarding factors, such as, age, lifestyle factors and conception of sexual violence. A majority of the participants had heard about the MeToo movement, 97.1% (n=99). However, only a few of the participants (2.1%) answered that the MeToo movement had changed their views on sexual violence. 35.1% (n=34) of the participating women answered that it has become easier to talk about sexual violence after the emergence of the MeToo movement. Only 14.6% (n=14) of the participants would report an act of sexual violence to the youth guidance centre. Conclusion: This study provides us with a greater understanding on how young women talk about and view sexual violence in the wake of the MeToo movement. In order to break the taboo regarding sexual violence through speaking about it and bringing it to light we might also be able to eliminate the feelings of shame that many victims feel.

  • Berg, Amelie
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Striegel, Karin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Värkstimulering med oxytocin: En granskning av PM från Sveriges samtliga förlossningskliniker2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In Sweden there are 45 delivery wards. Every ward has their own guidelines for different conditions and their management. They are composed to relieve the work and promote equal care. There are risks of both administering oxytocin and to refrain from it. It is therefore important that the course of action taken is used in a way that minimizes the risk for both the mother and the child at the same time increasing the probability for a positive delivery outcome.

    Purpose: To map the Swedish delivery wards local guidelines in inducing delivery with oxytocin during active delivery in regards to the following issues: are the delivery wards guidelines formed according to National Medical Indication and do they uphold the high quality standard according to the assessment tool Appraisal of Guidelines Research and Evaluation II (AGREE II).

    Method: A quantitative study with descriptive and comparable design.

    Results: The result is based on all delivery wards local guidelines for inducing delivery with oxytocin during active delivery. In comparison to NMI there are large differences in the content of the guidelines. In 25 guidelines (69%) there were one or several parts of content missing. The result according to AGREE II showed that only 20 local guidelines (56%) could be recommended for clinical use.

    Conclusion: The quality of the local guidelines vary and the delivery wards that have followed National Medical Indication recommendations are also the ones that present the best results according to AGREE II.

  • Edgren, Karl
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    O'Rourke Drevfjäll, Noah
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Är tanken halvfull eller halvtom?: En kvalitativ studie kring hur dagstidningarnas ledarskribenter framställer Bensinupproret 2.0. 2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this bachelor thesis was to examine how Swedish opinion journalists chose to portray The Gasoline Uprising 2.0, from both a framing perspective and a perspective of modes of persuasion. The research questions examined were: How does opinion journalists at Swedish daily newspapers frame The Gasoline Uprising 2.0? How does opinion journalists at Swedish daily newspapers use modes of persuasion in opinion pieces about The Gasoline Uprising 2.0? 

    The methods used in this bachelor thesis were a self made method that we based on Robert M. Entmans existing theory regarding framing. We also used a theory based on Karlberg and Mrals rhetoric method of analysis concerning the perspective modes of persuasions. A mix of these methods were used to examine how Swedish opinion journalists chose to frame The Gasoline Uprising 2.0.

    By examining the opinion pieces we found a variety of patterns. One of the main frame patterns pointed towards the writers feelings regarding compassion and understanding towards people that live in the countryside. Primarily the writers chose to frame The Gasoline Uprising 2.0 as an issue regarding the increasing polarization between the countryside and the city. The findings concerning the use of modes of persuasion showed that the writers primarily used compassion to increase their credibility during the use of ethos in the opinion pieces. Regarding logos we found that several writers used underlaying causes and compared the Swedish environmental politics to other countries in order to get people behind their thesis. From a pathos perspective, we found that the writers wanted to awaken feelings of empathy and anger within the reader. 

  • Brandt, Lena
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning.
    Strategier och metoder för att motverka läs-och skrivsvårigheter hos elever med adhd under de senare skolåren2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Skolans bemötande och anpassningar har en avgörande roll för hur elever med funktionsnedsättningen adhd klarar sin skolgång. I och med att problematiken är av varierande art är betydelsen av kartläggningar, uppföljning och utvärderingar extra viktiga för den här elevgruppen. Elever med adhd får ofta läs-och skrivsvårigheter pga. sina koncentrationssvårigheter. Det har också visat sig att adhd och dyslexi är en relativt vanlig kombination. Insatser för läs-och skrivinlärningen görs ofta under de tidigare skolåren och därför har studiens syfte varit att ta reda på vilka strategier och metoder som används under de senare skolåren för att motverka elevernas läs-och skrivsvårigheter och främja inlärningen. Metoden som har använts är den kvalitativa intervjuformen och urvalet består av fem intervjuer med speciallärare och specialpedagoger på skolor i tre olika kommuner. Resultatet visar att respondenterna bedömer de insatser som görs i förhållande till ett relationellt perspektiv. De menar också att det är av betydelse hur lärmiljön och de individuella anpassningarna utformas för att eleverna ska utvecklas och klara sin skolgång. Det visar sig i resultatet att när man har lyckats utforma gemensamma strategier och metoder har det varit framgångsrikt för den här elevgruppen som är beroende av struktur och tydlighet. I resultatet synliggörs också hur det kategoriska synsättet fortfarande dominerar, framförallt på högstadiet, då insatser oftast sker utanför det ordinarie klassrummet. Det pågår dock arbete på samtliga skolor för att hitta lösningar för att eleverna ska känna sig inkluderade. En tydlig och stark ledning anses vara av vikt för att utvecklingsarbetet ska kunna drivas.

  • Ljungberg, Caroline
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning.
    Petersson, Lina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning.
    Rektorers syn på och pedagogers synliggörande av AKK: En kvalitativ studie om Alternativ kompletterande kommunikation i förskolan2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 60 credits / 90 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Principlas view on and teacher`s visualization of ACC

  • Boutsika, Michaela
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Kadianaki, Areti
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Drivers and Barriers to Distance Learning implementation: A Case Study at TEI of Athens2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The present study aims to declare strategies that a higher education institute (namely TEI of Athens) could apply, in order to dynamically offer distance learning courses and certifications. The study introduces distance learning, focusing not only on technology but also on its significance for students and adult professionals who are looking to enhance their knowledge and skills as well as advantages and disadvantages this may have. In order to define the axles upon which the proposed strategy will be set, a distance learning planning template is presented, in order to clarify recommendations that should be made for a successful distance learning implementation.

    Moreover, it presents the associated research carried out; the methodology used and finally presents the summary of its outcomes. The outcomes are merged with the planning template, and a set of suggestions is finally made to the institution, that may assist to a successful implementation of a potential distance learning implementation.

  • Modin, Veronika
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning.
    Jörneklint Finvåg, Moa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning.
    "Strunt samma om de är flickor eller pojkar...": Om inkludering och genus i skolans arbete med flickor med ADHD eller ADHD-problematik.2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna studie undersöks hur skolan uppmärksammar flickor med ADHD eller ADHD-problematik, hur specialpedagoger och skola arbetar med insatser för flickor med ADHD eller ADHD-problematik samt om flickor och pojkar med ADHD eller ADHD-problematik behandlas olika i skolan?

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka hur rektorer och specialpedagoger ser på arbetet med flickor med ADHD eller flickor som uppvisar ADHD-problematik i skolan. Det är en kvalitativ studie där rektorer och specialpedagoger intervjuas. De teoretiska perspektiven som vi valde att analysera utifrån är genus och inkludering.

    Resultatet visar att skolan inte uppmärksammar flickor med ADHD i särskilt hög grad. Flickorna bemöts inte utifrån kön, utan utifrån ett individperspektiv samt utifrån generella arbetssätt gentemot barn med ADHD, vilket gör att flickorna inte får de stödinsatser som de behöver. Studien visar att skolan behöver kompetensutbildas inom NPF (Neuropsykiatrisk funktionsnedsättning) och genuspedagogik för att flickorna ska uppmärksammas och erbjudas tidiga stödinsatser för att undvika framtida konsekvenser.

  • Arthinius, Anna
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning.
    Johansson Veström, Kristin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning.
    LegiLexi Betydelsen av analys för rätt insats2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to explore the use of a Swedish assessment and instruction program called LegiLexi. This new program is free of charge and it provides primary school teachers with assessment data in order to target indiviual needs. Our study shows that teachers are good at using the program in order to test the students but they fail in order to link the data into instructions. The skills in analysing the data into individual instructions is something that has to improve. The need of developing these skills are urgent and it shows the importance of specialeducational competence. By improving this skills, student in need of more support, can be helped to improve their reading abilities.

  • Pettersson, Ulrika
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning.
    Anmälan till Skolinspektionen: En kvalitativ studie kring föräldrars anledning att slutligen anmäla skolan till Skolinspektionen2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka inkluderingsperspektivet i de fall där föräldrar har valt att anmäla skolan till Skolinspektionen. Föräldrar har fått berätta sin berättelse om vägen fram till en anmälan. Berättelserna har sedan sammanfattas i så kallade fallbeskrivningar. I denna studie kan man se exempel i så gott som alla fallbeskrivningar brister i de tre olika aspekterna rumslig, social och didaktisk inkludering man kan också se att de är svårt att särskilja aspekterna åt då aspekterna överlappar varandra. Det blir också tydligt att det råder en brist av inkludering enligt rådande styrdokument. I studiens fallbeskrivningar kan man konstatera att skolan håller en låg grad av inkludering och skolan verkar ha stora brister i relationen till hemmet samt att skolan inte uppfyller det krav som styrdokumenten ställer. Utvecklingsområden är för förskolan och skolan att definiera vad begreppet inkludering innebär utifrån aspekterna rumslig, social och didaktisk. Skapa ömsesidiga förtroendefulla relationer mellan hem och förskola/skola är ett annat utvecklingsområde. Huvudman behöver även skapa förutsättningar för den pedagogiska ledaren det vill säga rektorn så att hen kan utveckla det främjande och förebyggande arbetet på förskolor och skolor där föräldrar och elever är en viktig komponent.

  • Andersson, Filip
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Radikala högerpopulistiska partier i Västeuropa: Ett enhetligt recept på framgång?2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Since the 1990s the support for the populist radical right parties has steadily increased. This essay investigates if there is a common policy preference among this party-family that makes them successful, irrespective of each party’s national belonging. This is achieved by utilising a time-series cross-sectional data from the Comparative Manifesto Project. These data range between 1990-2018 and includes 13 different West-European countries. Five different hypotheses containing different policy preferences are tested through multiple regression analysis. The essay concludes that the previously commonly accepted winning formula containing a positive view on welfare, emphasis on authoritarian values and nativism does not hold up. Furthermore, the essay concludes that national context has a decisive role of which policy preference is successful. The common successful policy preference among the populist radical right is their promotion of authoritarian values together with an emphasis on eliminating political corruption and clientelist behaviour (populism). This is explained by societal value changes with major clashing groups in the society, making the authoritarian values a successful policy preference irrespective of national context.

  • Nilsson, Linnea
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    South Africa – an emerging power?: A qualitative text analysis of South Africa’s role in the international system2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Despite a comprehensive research of South Africa’s power status, the available literature does not provide a satisfactory explanation of whether South Africa is an emerging power or not. Countries in the Global South with a vigorous economic growth are often offhandedly assigned an emerging power status. Since power is built on more than economics, more specific indicators of how to measure South Africa’s power status need to be applied, in order to draw legitimate conclusions about whether it is an emerging power or not, which this study aims to do. When South Africa’s power status is identified, the observance of changes in international power distribution and understanding of powerful states’ influence on the international arena may increase. It may also be easier to predict how their power statuses can favour or disfavour other countries. This investigation is conducted through a qualitative text analysis and a single case study with a deductive approach. South Africa’s power status is analysed through the glasses of the analytical framework of Sven Biscop and Thomas Renard’s “seven dimensions of power”. The findings suggest that South Africa is an emerging power, since the country succeeds in five out of seven dimensions of power, and partly succeeds in two dimensions, but has also made a great progress in most power dimensions.

  • Public defence: 2020-02-26 14:15 Studio 1, N2007K, Kalmar
    Dutra Leivas, Ivonne
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Stadsarkeologi, Förmedling och Skolan: Bortom historieämnets horisont2020Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The title of this licentiate thesis is: Urban contract archaeology, public outreach and schools. Beyond the horizons of history teaching.  

    The aim of my licentiate thesis is to investigate how educational programs for schools are implemented within the framework of contract archaeology. I study the underlying incentives that motivate public outreach within contract archaeology, who carries out the outreach and what impact educational programs have on schools. My research project also aims to explore how public outreach within contract archaeology can be organized to meet schools´ demand for knowledge and activities. With an interdisciplinary approach, taken from archaeology and educational sciences, the goal is to instigate a dialogue between the scientific community and contract archaeology, as well as between contract archaeology and schools.

    As a primary goal, midway into in my doctoral degree, I have chosen in this licentiate thesis to study the practices of public outreach on urban excavation sites in Sweden, specifically studying outreach practices towards schools.

    The research queries in the licentiate thesis are:

     

    1. What are the purposes and objectives with public outreach in contract archaeology?
    2. What are the preconditions for working with public outreach in contract archaeology?
    3. How are the practices of public outreach aimed at schools conducted at urban excavation sites?
    4. How do educational programs within contract archaeology address the needs and goals of school education?

     

    Based on these queries, I also discuss how contract archaeology in the future can make possible broader collaborations with schools. This serves as an introduction to how archaeo-didactics can evolve bringing together contract archaeology's goals and potential in an educational situation, with the needs and goals of school education.

  • Truong, John
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Demokratisering i Mongoliet: En teorikonsumerande fallstudie, demokratisering genom de nationella förklaringsfaktorerna2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In a world where authoritarian states are taking a bigger place in the global arena, it’s important to learn from democracies and how a strong democracy can be upheld. The objective of this essay is to explain how Mongolia, a country with two giant authoritarian geographical neighbors in China and Russia still upholds a strong consolidated democracy. How did Mongolia develop from a history of communism to a free open country? This essay aims to explain Mongolia’s democratization after the collapse of the USSR in 1990 through the national internal factors of Larry Diamonds democratization theory; the development of authoritarian fragmentation and the development of civil society.

    The result illustrates that the development of authoritarian fragmentation led to competition between the elites, hard-liners vs soft-liners which in turn turned out in liberalization improvements. While the outcome of the development of civil society led to mobilization, protests and manifestations towards change and NGO’s got established which in turn lead to liberal reforms and economic improvement. The conclusion of the essay argues that the development of authoritarian fragmentation and civil society played a big role in Mongolia’s democratization in the 1990s.

  • Christoffer, Törn
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    En fallstudie om demokratin i Polen mellan 2008-20182020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay has covered the democratic development in Poland between 2008 and 2018. The purpose of this essay is to test and see if an existing democracy theory can explain the democratic development in Poland. The questions that I will be answering are; 

    1. Is Poland an embedded or defect democracy? 
    2. Can Merkel’s theory about embedded and defect democracy explain the development in Poland? 

    The theory that is used and will be tested is Wolfgang Merkel’s theory about embedded and defect democracy. This theory will be carried out in the same way as Matthijs Bogaards and his addition of a diffusely defect democracy. Bogaards’ addition of diffusely defect democracy complements Markel’s theory with another definition of a defect democracy combining several of Merkel´s definitions of defect democracies.  This is a qualitative essay with a qualitative method. The theory will be in the form of both dimensions and definitions. The result is that Poland shows signs of a defect democracy, but Merkel’s theory about defect democracy, and carried out according to Bogaards, cannot totally explain the development in Poland. The conclusions are that Poland should be seen as a diffusely defect democracy and that Merkel’s theory cannot explain the democratic development in Poland. 

  • Egil, Sellgren
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Krims återförenande med fosterlandet: - Ett rättfärdigt krig?2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay seeks to evaluate whether or not  the war in Crimea, conducted by the Russian Federation, is to be considered “just”. This is done in accordance with the theory of Just war, which demands that there be two separate evaluations of the war. Firstly the reasons and actions that lead up to the war must be evaluated if they fulfill the demands set up by the theory, this is called “Jud ad bellum”. Next, the conduct once in the war must be evaluated if it fulfills the demands set up in the theory, this is called “jus in bello”. The Russian occupation of Crimea was not following a declaration of war, was against several international agreements and the war was not a last resort after attempts of diplomatic solutions  all of these actions violate key demands of jus ad bellum.

    Going through reports by various human rights organizations on the matter, the demands set up by “jus in bello” are determined to not be satisfied, mostly due to the Russian use of torture on prisoners to subtract incriminating information for use in court against prisoners of war.

  • Pettersson, Emelie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    An analysis of foreign involvement within the Syria conflict.: Why had the United States and Russia a foreign interest in Syria. 2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study offers an alternative analysis of the current literature regarding foreign involvement in the Syria civil war. The initials briefly describe the current situation in Syria, international relations and why the conflict is interesting to analyse from a scientific standpoint. The relevant actors and theoretical construction are also introduced. In the previous research chapter, the current research is presented concerning the global superpowers as well as the interventions that have taken place in Syria.

    In the theory chapter realism and liberalism are presented, and a number of important factors are discussed. In the result, the decisions and events that have taken place during the conflict in Syria is analysed through the lens of previous named theories. The actors studied are the USA and Russia. There are both realistic and liberalist elements in the decisions made by the actors. The final part of the essay discusses the result. The underlying interest of the players largely determines which decision is ultimately taken. Moreover, there are underlying tones of realism even in clearly liberalistic decisions.

  • Schillström, Felicia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    The United States’ Enemy Image against North Korea during the Presidency of Donald J. Trump: Decision-Making at the Elite-Level2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The United States' enemy image of North Korea has been on its political agenda since the Korean war. Weapons of mass destruction has, since the Cold War, shown the complexity it brings on conflictual interests and decision-makers persuading efforts. Enemy image, per se, brings difficulties in achieving cooperation, substantially when both parties contempt high levels of enmity. However, the newly established U.S.-DPRK relationship brings hope for cooperative possibilities regarding denuclearization on the Korean peninsula. The relationship between Donald Trump and Kim Jong-Un is not based on trust, instead, it is dependent on the concrete steps taken by the other. The enemy image of North Korea has been settled on the U.S. political agenda firmly because of the principles regarding denuclearization and security. The enemy image is also an important factor to consider when examining political agendas, since the changing dynamics are dependent on how state A interpret state B and vice versa. What has articulated the dynamics of the U.S. enemy image against North Korea? and how has its enemy image changed? To answer the question at issue, a theory consumption of Eriksson and Noreen’s explanatory model is necessary. Which consists of context-dependent external and informal factors that will contribute different but coherent hypotheses.

  • Börjesson, Isabell
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Democracy and Gender Equality in South Africa: A Case Study about South Africa's consolidation of democracy with the perspective of gender equality2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Ehrling, Linnea
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Wibroe, Wictoria
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Förtätning i kulturhistoriska miljöer2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study is based on the ever-increasing urban population, which contributes to the development needs of cities. A solution to this can be densification. This can lead to consequences in the existing neighborhoods with new buildings, which will often be placed in a sensitive environment, which in the case of this study is a cultural-historical area. In order not to distort cultural-historical areas, it is important that densification takes place with care. The study deals with a current area in central Växjö which is of high cultural and historical value.

    The purpose of the following study is to examine what priorities take precedence while designing new constructions during densifying in cultural-historical environments. The goal is to suggest how densification in a cultural-historical area can look like. The study is based on a survey and observations. The results show that exploitation can be achieved gently. It places truly high demands on facade design, details, materials, color choices, ground connections, volume, scale and proportions as well as interaction with surrounding buildings and environments.

    Showing respect for existing areas and maintaining a gentle approach when developing cities for contemporary and future needs is essential.

  • Lindqvist, Felicia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Israel’s usage of Psychological Warfare against Hezbollah: Theoretical Development and Application 2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose is to analyze and describe Israel's psychological warfare facing Hezbollah in the years between 2017-2019. The question at issue is: How has Israel used Psychological Warfare against Hezbollah between 2017-2019? This is revised through a theory development using the work of Martin C. Libicki (1995), Ron Schleifer (2009), Paul Linebarger (2015), and Irwin J. Mansdorf (2015), along with the use of the previous historical practice of psychological warfare by Israel. The material is acquired from Israel's different types of social media platforms along with key articles on the subject. This aiming to determine the psychological warfare done by Israel. The theoretical development does create valuable and at most necessary aspects of psychological warfare that would if unnoticed give an insufficient analysis and description of the psychological warfare for this case. The research uses theory application to generate the conclusion and to describe the PSYOP. The result of this work shows the extensive use of psychological warfare by Israel. Between the years of 2017-2019, a massive social media presence from Israel is noted and one can locate a psychological warfare message in nearly everything. Israel put in great effort to influence Hezbollah and the fight for media coverage and news influence is the big focus for Israel.

  • Lindqvist, Per
    et al.
    Mälardalen university, Sweden.
    Ackesjö, Helena
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning.
    Fonseca, Lars
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning.
    Gardesten, Jens
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education and Teacher's Practice.
    Herrlin, Katarina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education and Teacher's Practice.
    Nordänger, Ulla Karin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education and Teacher's Practice.
    Klope, Eva
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education and Teacher's Practice.
    Johansson, Maria
    Malmö university, Sweden.
    (Lärar)avlastande yrkesgrupper – Var går gränserna?: En studie om nya fördelningar av och förhandlingar om arbete i skolan2020Report (Other academic)
  • Sörensen, Kajsa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Ukrainas demokratiska utmaningar: En diakronisk jämförande studie2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay aims to explore and analyze Ukraine’s democratic development over time. This will be done within two time periods from 2007 to 2014 and 2014 to 2019 to enable drawing reasonable conclusions regarding what challenges prevent further democratic development and what similarities and differences can be seen between the periods. Democracy is often described as a complex concept that can vary between being defined minimalistic and maximalistic. This essay will study the maximalistic perception through the theory of Linz and Stepans four arenas of democratic consolidation, political society, civil society, the rule of law and state bureaucracy and be doing so as a qualitative theory consuming diachronical comparative study. The arenas will in turn be broken down into statements to make them easier to measure. This essay concludes that both periods have had democratic problems regarding all arenas. The widespread corruption remains as a main problem through both periods as do the low institutional trust, although in the second period the Crimea-conflict becomes the bigger political priority which affects the ongoing democratic process. Despite this civil society has remained strong and forced forward change when needed. To conclude there has been improvements but Ukraine still faces large democratic challenges. 

  • Häggblad, Erik
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Forestry and Wood Technology.
    Arvidsson, Claes
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Forestry and Wood Technology.
    Skatta beståndsålder och ståndortsindex via flygbilder2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Hållbart skogsbruk kräver kunskap om skogens tillstånd i nutid samt tänkbara framtida åtgärder. Syftet med studien var att undersöka om det via digitala flygbilder var möjligt att skatta trädålder och SI på beståndsnivå, samt med vilken precision det kan utföras.Endast tall- och/ eller grandominerade bestånd, valdes i Vetlanda och Nybro kommun. Flygbilderna bearbetades av Foran Sverige AB med hjälp av ett program framtaget av Spacemetric AB.De fältinventerade beståndens data jämfördes med medianvärden från de skattade trädhöjderna, vilka matades in i en formel, konstruerad för att göra en kurvanpassning mot de nya höjdutvecklingskurvorna.Metoden för framtagning av höjdvärden via bildmatchning bör förfinas, t.ex. bör laserskanningen bidra med högre precision. Endast mindre delar av landet har mer än en skanningstidpunkt med laser, metoden kräver minst två höjdvärden i serie.Syftet med studien anses uppfyllt, dock hade studien tjänat på en bättre metod för att sålla bort felaktiga data innan analys. Generaliserbarheten är god på liknande bestånd, vidare studier krävs för att kunna påvisa en användarbarhet i olika typer av bestånd, där även olika skötselvarianter bör vägas in.

  • Nilsson, Linnea
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskans upplevelse av att vårda personer med psykisk sjukdom inom hemsjukvården2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Efter psykiatrireformen så har kommunerna fått ta ett större ansvar för personer med psykisk sjukdom vilket ställer krav på sjuksköterskor som arbetar kommunalt inom hemsjukvården att veta hur de ska bemöta och vårda personerna. Tidigare internationella studier tyder på att sjuksköterskor upplever en osäkerhet och brist på kunskap i vården av personer med psykisk sjukdom inom hemsjukvården. Det saknas dock kunskap om sjuksköterskans upplevelse utifrån en svensk kontext. 

    Syfte: Syftet med studien var att beskriva sjuksköterskors upplevelser av att vårda personer med psykisk sjukdom inom hemsjukvården. 

    Metod: En kvalitativ metodologi med induktiv ansats användes. Åtta semistrukturerade intervjuer genomfördes med sjuksköterskor inom hemsjukvården. Intervjuerna analyserades med kvalitativ innehållsanalys. 

    Resultat: Resultatet visar att sjuksköterskorna strävar efter att se personen genom att respektera och empatisera med honom eller henne, att möta personen där hen är och genom att sträva efter jämlikhet och självbestämmande. De arbetar med att skapa förtroende och trygghet genom att ta sig tid för personen de vårdar. Vidare visar resultatet på sjuksköterskornas upplevelser av att känna sig utsatt och oskyddad då de beskriver känslor av rädsla och känslor av att bli manipulerad. Resultatet visar även på upplevelser av otillräcklighet i vårdandet då sjuksköterskorna känner sig osäkra i bedömningarna och då de känner en uppgivenhet i vårdandet. De upplever vidare ett behov av att ha ett delat ansvar kring personerna. 

    Slutsats: I vårdandet av personer med psykisk sjukdom upplever sjuksköterskorna vikten av att sträva efter personcentrerad vård. För att ge en god och likvärdig vård för alla så krävs ökad kunskap och handledning för sjuksköterskorna inom hemsjukvården och ett förbättrat samarbete mellan olika vårdgivare. 

  • Elfving, Zakk
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Viberg, Rasmus
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Ett filter av marknadsföring: En kvalitativ studie om hur Augmented Reality potentiellt kan förändra hur företag kommunicerar med konsumenten2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to research the potential role Augmented Reality can have as an experiential kommunikations tool from business to customer

  • Public defence: 2020-02-06 14:00 Weber, Växjö
    Nordqvist, Jonas
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mathematics.
    Residue fixed point index and wildly ramified power series2020Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis concerns discrete dynamical systems. These are systems where the dynamics is modeled by iterated functions. There are several applications of discrete dynamical system e.g. in biology, pseudo random number generation and statistical mechanics. In this thesis we are interested in discrete dynamical systems described by iterations of a power series f fixing the origin, where it is tangent to the identity. In particular, the coefficients of f are given in a field of positive characteristic p. We are interested in the so-called lower ramification numbers of such series. The lower ramification numbers encodes the multiplicity of the origin as a fixed point of f under p-power iterates. In particular this thesis contains four papers all related to the topic of lower ramification numbers of such power series.

    In Paper I we consider so-called 2-ramified power series and give a characterization of such in terms of its first significant terms. This is further extended in Paper II, where we geometrically locate the periodic points of 2-ramified power series in the open unit disk. In doing, so we provide a self-contained proof of the main result of the first paper.

    In Paper III, we consider power series with a fixed point at the origin of small multiplicity, i.e. the multiplicity of the fixed point is less than that of the characteristic of the ground field. We provide a characterization of all such power series having the smallest possible lower ramification numbers, in terms of its first significant terms, and in terms of the nonvanishing of the so-called iterative residue. In doing so, we also provide a formula for the residue fixed point index for the case of a multiple fixed point. We further extend the results of Paper II by locating geometrically the periodic points in the open unit disk of convergent power series with small multiplicity.

    In Paper IV we consider power series of large multiplicity, and introduce an invariant in positive characteristic closely related to the residue fixed point index. We provide a characterization of these power series having the smallest possible lower ramification numbers in terms of the nonvanishing of this invariant. As a by-product we obtain results about the dimension of the moduli space of formal classification of wildly ramified power series.

  • Peetz-Ullman, Juliane
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education and Teacher's Practice.
    Filmschaffen im DaF-Unterricht: Untersuchung zu lernfördernden und motivierenden Effekteneines Kurzfilmprojekts im zweiten Unterrichtsjahr2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Despite the fact that the creation of films has a place in language teaching, there haven’t been many studies about the learning outcome of such film production projects so far. In this study, a group of eighth grade pupils at a comprehensive school in Sweden have been creating their own film in German. They have been observed while they did so, and they answered an online survey one year after the project. The results of the analysis of that data show a visible increase in awareness for the purpose, the receiver, and the situation of the produced texts during the writing process. The level of motivation and meaningfulness experienced by the pupils during the film project was high. Furthermore, the finished film gave the participants a feeling of success, something they were proud of, and eager to repeat. As a conclusion it can be stated that creating a film in a foreign language has a positive impact on language learning.

  • Israelsson, Susanna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Patientdelaktighet vid abstinensbehandling för alkoholberoende inom vuxenpsykiatrisk heldygnsvård: En intervjustudie om sjuksköterskors upplevelser2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Patienter som vårdas i heldygnsvård inom vuxenpsykiatrisk vård för alkoholabstinens vid alkoholberoende har visat sig vara i en utsatt situation. Abstinenssymptom begränsar patientens vilja och förmåga till delaktighet i den egna vården. Detta kan vara en utmaning för sjuksköterskan som ska vårda patienterna genom en abstinensbehandling. Delaktighet har visat sig vara betydelsefull för patienter vid abstinensbehandling för alkoholberoende.

    Syfte: Att belysa sjuksköterskors upplevelser av hur patienters möjligheter till delaktighet främjas vid abstinensbehandling för alkoholberoende inom vuxenpsykiatrisk heldygnsvård.

    Metod: Studien är en intervjustudie med kvalitativ ansats. Åtta sjuksköterskor intervjuades med hjälp av semistrukturerade intervjuer. Intervjuerna analyserades med en kvalitativ innehållsanalys på latent nivå.

    Resultat: Det framkom tre kategorier och ett tema i studiens resultat: Att ge och ta emot information, Att visa intresse och engagemang, Att förmedla och samarbeta samt temat; Ett givande och tagande.

    Slutsats: Sjuksköterskorna upplevde att patienters möjligheter till delaktighet främjades då de gav patienten information och tog emot information från patienten. Att som sjuksköterska visa intresse och engagemang upplevdes betydelsefullt för främjandet av delaktighet. För att främja delaktighet behövde sjuksköterskan samarbeta med andra professioner. Detta beskrevs som att de förde patientens röst vidare till teamet eller teamets röst till patienten. I temat ett givande och tagande framkom det att sjuksköterskorna tog emot patienternas berättelse för att ge tillbaka denna med andra ord för att främja deras möjligheter till delaktighet. Ett givande och tagande kan ses på olika nivåer, ett givande från sjuksköterska till patient men också tvärtom där patienten gav och sjuksköterskan tog.

     

  • Alhameedi, Ali
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Hybrid testing procedure development: An experimental study a hybrid simulation of a steel truss element2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Hybrid simulation is a numerical and experimental structural testing technique in which the critical structural members are tested experimentally, while the rest of the structure is modeled numerically. During hybrid testing, the numerical model is updated continuously based on the output of the experimental test. In this study, a quasi-static hybrid simulation was conducted on a steel truss structure. A single truss member was considered as the physical substructure, while the remaining members were modeled using Abaqus finite element software. The communication between the physical and numerical models was established using OpenFresco as a middleware. Using this setup, the structure was loaded until the physical substructure failed due to buckling. Finally, the results of the hybrid simulation were verified numerically and experimentally.

  • Karlsson, Lina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Swedish Language.
    Språkutvecklande stödstrukturer: En observations- och intervjustudie om lärares arbete med läsning i SO i åk 4–52020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The curriculum for social studies is designed in a way where knowledge is assessed through the students’ expressive language skills. Much of the knowledge is also expected to be gained through reading. The purpose of this study is to examine what types of scaffolding teachers can create for students reading social studies nonfiction texts in grades 4–5. The study is based on observations and interviews with three teachers. The material was subsequently analysed based on characteristics in language development methods, showing that teachers do not emphasise the importance of language for learning when teaching. The results also show that students, to a small extent, are used as supporting resources for one another and that teachers themselves take up much of the talking space in the classroom. During structured oral text instruction teachers request short answers, that are evaluable rather than allowing time for interrogative and reflective discussions. The effect of the teacher centered teaching is that the students are passivate instead of challenged with cognitively demanding tasks where scaffolding can enable a potentially higher learning level.

  • Möttönen, Julia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    A Tool to Turn the Trends?: A  study of popular Euroscepticism in relation to structural aid from the EU2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines the impact structural aid from the EU has on popular Euroscepticism – a set of critical public opinions that has been on the rise during the last decades. The study is done by operationalising both instrumental and political Euroscepticism. Through a statistical method with regression analyses, structural aid is tested as an independent variable explaining Euroscepticism using data from the European Social Survey. Other factors on individual level, values/culture and socioeconomic conditions are added to the analyses together with contextual factors on country level. The results show that structural aid in less developed regions manage to mitigate Euroscepticism, especially in Western Europe. This suggests that the EU has a tool to shape the public opinions while it addresses regional disparities, and that popular Euroscepticism is shaped both by economic mechanisms and individual values/cultural factors.

  • Jarl, Kajsa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Tunisiens demokratisering: En fallstudie2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The people in Tunisia demanded democracy and civil liberties, which led to large-scale demonstrations against the Tunisian regime in December 2010. The demonstrations against the authoritarian regime was considered to be the beginning of the Arab Spring. Of all states that was affected by the Arabic Spring, Tunisia became that one country that succeeded their transition from an authoritarian state to a democratic one. In order to analyze why Tunisia became a democratic state, this study aims to clarify what factors that affected the democratization process. Through the theoretical framework of Samuel P. Huntington, the factors that affected the third wave democratization are used in this study in order to analyze the Tunisian democratization and transition. Through analyzation; deepening legitimacy problems of the regime and economic growth was considered to affect the Tunisian democratization. Actions of external actors partly affected the country’s democratization. However, religious changes and snowballing effects was considered not to have an impact on the democratization and transition towards democracy.

  • Boman, Joakim
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Music and Art.
    Att måla en nation: En studie av svenska landskapsmålningar vid Allmänna Konst- och Industriutställningen i Stockholm 18972019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the exhibition Allmänna konst- och industriutställningen in Stockholm 1897 and how landscape paintings by Swedish artists possibly could be interpreted as a part of the exhibitions political intention of being nationalistic. Methodically it is influenced by art historian Michael Baxandalls social history concept period eye. Focus is here about how and with what arguments the paintings could be said to be a fruit of their society. The purpose is to investigate whether, and if so, with witch rhetorical language the paintings were exhibited to help communicate a notion of common national values. The result shows that the paintings were exhibited together with international paintings, not side by side but divided country by country. Several paintings have parts in their motifs that in this context can be said to be related to the construction of national identity. A conclusion is that both paintings and context are performative.