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  • Palm, Josefin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    ”För 100kr kan man engagera sig i barnen”.: En studie om värdering av omsorgsarbete2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Luboya, Silhady Tshitende
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mathematics.
    Finite element methods applied to boundary value problems derived from the deflection curve of a beam under the action of a point and a uniformly distributed load2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis, we analyze a roller - pinned supported beam of length L subjected to a point load at a distance `1 and a uniformly distributed load over the entire span of the beam. The aim of this study is to determine the slope and the vertical deflection curve of the beam. The analysis is conducted by applying the finite element method, which consists of dividing the whole domain into geometrically simple subdomains, namely elements. The analysis is then performed for each subdomain separately. The approximate solution is obtained by assembling all the elements. The problem is reduced into solving a system of linear algebraic equations. It can be expressed in the matrix form as A = where A is the stiffness matrix, the vector of nodal variables, and the load vector. The finite element method has produced a solution close to the analytical solution.The finite element solution is improved by increasing the number of elements with variablestep sized element. The error based on the L2-norm with respect to the displacement is presented as well as the condition number of the stiffness matrix. The finite element method is implemented in Matlab, and the diagram of the deflected beam is presented.

  • MIAO, ZAN
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mathematics.
    CIR Modeling of Interest Rates2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Short-term interest rate models within one-year financing maturity are considered. In this thesis, we mainly study two short-term interest rate models, the Cox-Ingersoll-Ross model (CIR model) and the Vasicek model. The CIR model is evaluated by numerical simulations based on applying the Euler approximation method and an exact algorithm. By using an ordinary least squares method we can find an initial start value for implementation of a numerical estimate of parameters that maximize the likelihood. Similarly applying those methods to the Vaˇs ́ıˇcek model, we compare the two models with empirical data based on three-month money market rates. 

  • Hallberg, Sam
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Dynamisk utåtrotationsstyrka i höften efter artroskopi hos patienter med femuroacetabulär impingement som återgått till idrott och motion2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    INTRODUKTION: Femuroacetabulär impingement (FAI) innebär en förträngning som orsakar sämre förhållanden i höftleden på grund av nedsatt rörlighet och där det föreligger en ökad risk för skador på bland annat ledbrosk. FAI är vanligt förekommande hos idrottare. FAI kan medföra smärta, nedsatt rörlighet, nedsatt styrka och nedsatt höftfunktion hos individer. Kirurgisk behandling i form av artroskopi (titthålsoperation) av FAI har blivit allt vanligare. Utfallet efter artroskopi är generellt positivt, drygt 80 % av idrottarna återgår till samma aktivitetsnivå. Adekvat styrka i höftmuskulaturen spelar en betydande roll för idrottaren ur ett prestations- och skadeförebyggande perspektiv. Inga tidigare studier där dynamisk muskelstyrka i höften hos patienter som är åter idrott efter artroskopisk behandling av FAI förekommer enligt författarens kännedom. SYFTE: Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka dynamisk utåtrotationsstyrka i höften hos patienter med FAI som genomgått artroskopi unilateralt och återgått till idrott och motion. METOD: Studien genomfördes som en tvärsnittsstudie med en undersökningsgrupp (n=22) samt en matchad kontrollgrupp med friska individer (n=22). Dynamisk utåtrotationsstyrka i höften mättes med hjälp av Augustsson Strength Test. RESULTAT: En signifikant skillnad noterades i dynamisk utåtrotationsstyrka mellan den artroskopisk behandlade höften och den friska höften i undersökningsgruppen (p<0,004). KONKLUSION: Denna tvärsnittsstudie visar på att patienter som genomgått en artroskopisk behandling av FAI har nedsatt utåtrotationsstyrka i den skadade höften jämfört med den friska sidan. Intressant är att denna styrkenedsättning kunde noteras hos patienterna trots att de återgått till idrott och motion. Vilket kan anses problematiskt och eventuellt leda till ökad risk för återfallsskada och överansträngningsbesvär. Resultatet i denna studie kan sålunda vara av vikt då tidigare studier visat på en koppling mellan nedsatt styrka i höften och ökad risk för olika skador. Det finns därför ett behov av longitudinella studier där sambandet mellan dynamisk styrka i höften efter artroskopisk behandling av FAI och långsiktigt utfall (artrosutveckling, fysisk aktivitetsnivå, med mera) undersöks.

  • Lagesson, Amanda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Är tävlingen jämställd?: En kvalitativ innehållsanalys om hur män och kvinnor framställs i tv-programmet Superstars.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to examine how men and women are portrayed in sports in television and to get the answer to whether it is equal or not between the genders. The question examined is: Which stereotypical portrayals of men and women were noticed in the tv-show Superstars? Which stereotypical portrayals in the tv-show Superstars are masculine and feminine? By using a qualitative content analysis and two categories: words and expressions and behavior and context, the author studied one season to find differences. The findings showed that men and women portrayed their opposites. The men were portrayed as sensitive and the women were portrayed as tough in the category: words and expressions. The category: behavior and context showed that both men and women were portrayed as fearful. This result shows that it was equal between the genders.

  • Sandquist, Kristina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Rönn, Kristina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    "Det handlar inte om utseendet, det handlar om barnets framtida hälsa": en intervjustudie om BHV-sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av arbete med barn som har övervikt2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Widgren, Ofelia
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Enhetschef till varje pris: En studie om den organisatoriska och sociala arbetsmiljöregleringen för första linjens chefer inom vård och omsorg2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay will study the working environment of heads of units in a health and social care organization. The working environment that will be focused on in the essay is the psychosocial. My interest in the subject evolved from a rapport that The Swedish Work Environment Authority preformed. The rapport displayed a supervision that took place in the years 2015–2017. The supervision investigated the psychosocial working environment of the heads of units in several workplaces in Sweden. This rapport was analyzed alongside with legislation and literature that regulates the working environment to get an understanding of problems in this area. The aims of this essay are therefore to identify problems in the working environment within the heads of units and do that with an equality perspective. 

     

    The result of this essay has shown that there is a lot of shortage with the environmental work of the heads of units. These shortages consist of the employee not getting enough resources to deal with the high demands of the work assignment. This leads to negative psychosocial health risks. The legal framework of the subject places high requirements on the employers. But nevertheless, the employers work with the preventive environmental work is insufficient and a contributory to this is the construction of the working environmental law as a frame law. 

  • Cedlund, Fia
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Hot och våld på jobbet: En studie om arbetsgivarens skyldighet att motverka hot och våld inom vård och omsorg2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, threats and violence has become a serious psychosocial work environment problem within the workplaces of health and social care. Several studies show the need to pay attention to how the workers psychosocial work environment is affected by the risk of threats and violence. Women are more exposed of threats and violence because the professions were most women work, the threats and violence occur. The purpose of this study is to investigate what legal obligations the employer holds to prevent threats and violence in the working environment and what consequences it can have if the employer does not fulfill these obligations. For a deeper knowledge in threats and violence as a psychosocial work environment problem other factors that can affect are included. To fulfill the purpose and answer the research questions in this study the doctrinal method is used to describe, systematize and interpret the legislation, case law and literature.  

    The results of this study show that the legal actions that the employer is obliged to take is far-reaching. The preventive work is central considering the psychosocial work environment were threats and violence occur. If the employer fails to take the actions that is obliged there are different legal consequences depending on what type of actions the employer, deliberately or accidently, failed to take. Due to the extent of threats and violence in health and social care and some differences in the formulation of the legislation, future studies would be required to investigate if the legislation on this matter is enough.

  • Skott, Jeppe
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mathematics.
    Changing experiences of being, becoming, and belonging: teachers’ professional identity revisited2018In: ZDM - the International Journal on Mathematics Education, ISSN 1863-9690, E-ISSN 1863-9704Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Teacher identity has become important in mathematics education research, but mainly in relation to programmes for teacher education (TE) and professional development (PD). Less attention has been paid to understanding the role and development of identities in the majority of cases in which teachers are not involved in long-term TE or PD. This paper presents a study that seeks to develop such understandings. The study defines teacher identities as their shifting experiences of being, becoming and belonging related to the profession. It is a longitudinal case study of a novice teacher, Anna, and it asks how Anna’s identities change over the first 4 years of her career at her school, Northgate. To address the question I use a framework called Patterns of Participation (PoP) in combination with a range of methods, including interviews with Anna, her closest colleagues and the leadership at her school, and observations of Anna’s classrooms and of team meetings. I argue that this combination invites new understandings of identity development, because it does not prioritise teacher engagement in one particular practice (e.g., as promoted by PD), but allows interpretations of how Anna’s engagement with a multitude of different practices play a role for her professional experiences. The results suggest that in general terms, Anna’s identity changes from being ‘a mathematics teacher at Northgate’ to becoming ‘a mathematics teacher at Northgate’.

  • Ewers Cipranic, Karin
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning.
    Guldstrand, Lisette
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning.
    Specialundervisning för elever i behov av särskilt stöd gällande läsning i matematik: Speciallärares beskrivning av sitt arbete och sina kunskaper.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Most pupils with special needs in reading also experience difficulties in mathematics. Special education teachers know that all pupils should achieve the educational goals. However, the curriculum and the Swedish School Law do not describe how.

     

    The aim of this study is to investigate the knowledge and the competence of special education teachers about the relationship between reading difficulties and mathematical difficulties in pupils. Also, the aim is to get insight into the way special education teachers describe their work with pupils in this kind of difficulties, and look into the basis for their working methods.

     

    Semi-structured interviews have been done with five special education teachers active in elementary school. The interviews were processed with an analysis model constructed on Grounded Theory. This study is based on the socio-cultural perspective.

     

    The result of the study shows that special education teachers found it hard to describe how the relationship between reading and mathematical difficulties is presented in research, or in what way it can be seen in pupils. Several of the teachers do not find a distinct connection in pupils. Also noticeable is the fact that the special education teachers treat Swedish and Mathematics as two different subjects. All teachers thought that special education gives best results beyond the class. All of them expressed the importance of socio-cultural learning based on language.

     

    In order to get an effective work with pupils in reading and mathematical difficulties that leads to fulfilling educational goals the teachers need more knowledge of the relationship between reading and mathematical difficulties.

  • Wejrum, Marie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Swedish Language.
    Att utveckla läsförståelse: Lästriangeln som modell vid läsning av sakprosatext i svenskundervisning i årskurs 82018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Based on students’ declining reading comprehension there is a need to develop systematic explicit instruction in teaching reading. This study is based on theories of metacognition, reading comprehension, reading instruction and Legitimation Code Theory and has the reading triangle as a model for teaching expository texts. The model has been tested in one class with eighth-grade students. The students have estimated their own reading comprehension and how they worked before, during and after reading an expository text, both before and after work with the reading triangle. The students in this survey have been taught and have worked with texts based on three levels of the reading triangle. The materials in the study are students’ self-assessments, texts with underlining and comments and interviews with the students and their teacher. The results show that the model, the reading triangle, as a part of an approach to develop literacy, with modelling and metacognitive textual conversations, can contribute to an understanding of the students’ reading process and knowledge of how global and local aspects of texts – such as purpose, text structure and choice of words – are connected with and influence reading comprehension. The study shows that the link between local and global levels must be explicit, since a focus on details can be detrimental to the overall understanding of texts. The use of the reading triangle in the classroom can also help the teaching move between the concrete and the abstract, enabling students to use the acquired knowledge and insights in new texts and reading situations.

  • Venna, Elin
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Lundin, Carolina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Anpassning av gammalt till äldre2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    People live longer and the older generation is also generally more active than before. This also increases the need for custom housing that meets these demands. An example of such accommodation is secure housing (trygghetsboende). There are rules and requirements for the design of a secure housing, but it does not automatically mean that the accommodation reaches the purpose it is intended for, an accommodation that can enhance the quality of life, contribute to togetherness, feel safe and an accommodation to enjoy. The purpose of this study is to create a secure housing that contributes to an increased quality of life and is experienced pleasantly and safely. The goal is to identify which factors that contribute to this, and then exemplify it in a design proposal. A qualitative method in the form of a case study with interviews was conducted to answer the goal and purpose behind this study.

    Central location and accessible designed indoor environment and outdoor environment were factors that contributed to well-being and security while independence, good health, social cohesion and proximity to friends and family raised the quality of life. Factors that contribute to increased quality of life and to what is comfortable and safe are very subjective. All people are different and safe living can mean many different things. However, the factors that emerged in the results are consistent with scientific studies made in the area. This means that the results of this work can be used as support for new construction or conversion to a secure housing. 

  • Fransson, Mattias
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Jamtlien, Mattias
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Slöseri i produktionsflödet: Analys av en platsgjuten betongvägg2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    High construction costs and considerable housing shortages in Sweden show that a more efficient housing construction is required. A reduction of waste in the construction process contributes to the efficiency of both time and cost. In order to increase the understanding of the importance of efficiency, this study reveals waste in the production flow of a cast in-situ concrete wall in a housing project. The study also shows where in the production flow there are improvement opportunities.

    The waste was made visible through a time study which showed great potential for improvement in the housing project resource flow, material flow and information flow. There are many indications that these shortcomings in the production flow are due to a too short construction time, which means that a good planning is not always carried out.

  • Kristoffersson, Emilia
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Skyldighet eller möjighet?: En undersökning av arbetsgivarens skyldigheter vid hög korttidssjukfrånvaro hos en arbetstagare i relation till den psykosociala arbetsmiljön i små företag2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In today’s working life both the physical and the psychosocial aspects has to be considered when examining the work environment. The psychosocial working environment is of great relevance because it illuminates the individual's perception and experience of relationships and phenomena at work.

    This essay aims to investigate, describe and analyze the obligation an employer has to pursue in order to tackle high short- term sickness absence and at the same time manage the psychosocial work environment at the workplace. Furthermore, the purpose of this study is to acknowledge the European legislation on this subject matter in order to broaden the understanding of the comprehensiveness of the term psychosocial work environment and how applicable laws and guidelines apply in working life.

    The legal methodology has been used in order to answer the questions of this essay. The social perspective worked as a complement to the legal method in order to observe new problems and conduct more information in how to confront this issue at small scale enterprises.

    In conclusion this study deals with a complex situation where every case is unique. It is not possible to prevent all short-term sickness absence, but with the right preconditions and external assistance, employers can handle it without neglecting the psychosocial work environment. By securing a good psychosocial work environment even the smallest enterprises might be able to handle short- term sickness absence.

  • Kördel, Maria
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Arbetsmiljöns betydelse inom personlig assistans: Vikten av att bibehålla en god arbetsmiljö samt den funktionsnedsattas integritet och behov2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In disabled investigation, 1989 a proposition was introduced which resulted in Lag (1993:387), om stöd och service till vissa funktionshindrade. The purpose of this legal act was to facilitate the everyday life of disabled people by promoting people's equality in living conditions. Persons with extensive disabilities shall be entitled to personal assistance. Personal assistance is a relatively new occupation, which constitutes an important part of the disabled's life as it enables the disabled to live an independent life. The purpose of this essay is, therefore, to investigate the problem when the assistants' rights according to AML conflict with disabled rights according to LSS.

    The legal methodology has been used because it allows for a deeper understanding of current law and because the essay was partly based on the AML and its regulations. To answer the research questions, the legal dogmatic method has also been important.

    Finally, it appears that neither LSS nor AML goes before the other, they will work in parallel. The laws are difficult to interpret in the context of opposing each other. Hence, one needs to look at situation to situation if assistants' rights to a healthy work environment should overrule the disabled rights, self-determination and integrity. From an equality perspective, it can be seen that special treatment is present within the occupation because of gender norms that exists in the society. 

  • Westin, Anna
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Självbestämmandets gränser: När brukarens självbestämmanderätt krockar med personalens diskrimineringsskydd2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The inspiration for this essay started with my own experience of an issue within personal assistance. I witnessed a situation where a user expressed a reluctance to receive support from personal assistants with another ethnicity. There is something called “self-determination” which is a statutory right who follows from the legal act named Lagen om stöd och service till vissa funktionshindrade (LSS). Personal assistance is one of many supports people with disabilities can be entitled to within the rights of LSS and when it comes to personal assistance especially, the user’s right to self-determination is significant. According to the right of self-determination the user should be given considerable influence when the employer hires the personal assistant. The problematic aspects of this is when the user require someone, or express an aversion of someone, with a certain ethnicity. The self-determination can therefore collide with another strong law which is the discrimination act (Diskrimineringslagen, DL). Since special treatment because of ethnicity is forbidden according to DL, the main question this essay aims to investigate is how to interpret these two legislations when they collide in this type of situation. Different interpretations cause employers to act differently which leads to different opportunities for assistants and users depending on the municipality they live in, therefore it is an important question which needs to be investigated.

  • Andersson, Maria
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning.
    Långh, Theodolinda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning.
    Att bygga broar - Dialog och samverkan i styrkedjan för elevens bästa.: En kvalitativ studie om hur arbetet med att skapa förutsättningar för inkluderande lärmiljö fungerar i två kommuner.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte är att undersöka hur arbetet med att skapa förutsättningar för inkluderande lärmiljöer fungerar i två kommuner. Fokus ligger på dialog och samverkan som sker mellan aktörerna på de olika nivåerna i styrkedjan: bildningsnämnder, bildningsförvaltningar, rektorer och specialpedagoger.

    Ramfaktorteorin används som teoretisk analysram. I ramfaktorteorin speglas faktorer på olika nivåer i samhället och hur dessa samspelar och/eller påverkar varandra. Ramfaktorteorin kopplas samman med styrkedjan genom makro-,meso- och mikronivå där aktörer och deras roller/funktioner också samspelar och/ eller påverkar varandra. Två teoretiska begrepp används också: tillit för att förstå relationer mellan aktörer och dialog som blir en viktig förutsättning för att kunna skapa en samverkanskultur.

    Studien har en kvalitativ ansats. Underlag till det empiriska materialet har samlats in genom intervjuer med olika aktörer i styrkedjan. Specialpedagogerna intervjuades i fokusgrupper. Efter transkriberingarna kategoriserades det empiriska materialet och därefter påbörjades arbetet med resultat och analys. Studien har tagit hänsyn till de fyra forskningsetiska principerna:informationskravet,samtyckeskravet,konfidentialitetskravet och nyttjandekravet.

    Resultatet visar att det inte finns någon tydlig rutin för dialog och samverkan mellan nämnd och specialpedagoger. Det finns inte heller någon struktur för nätverk/kanaler där alla aktörer i styrkedjan involveras samtidigt. De nätverk som finns sträcker sig oftast endast en eller två nivåer upp eller ner. Resultatet ger en bild av att det administrativa, organisations- och resursrelaterande ramar som påverkar förutsättningar för arbetet med inkluderande lärmiljöer. Konsekvenser för barn och elever kan bli att de inte får tillgång till den undervisning de har rätt till utifrån sina olika förutsättningar.

  • Hoppe, Josefin
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning.
    Virolainen, Therese
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning.
    Likvärdig skola för alla?: En kvalitativ studie om pedagogers syn på en likvärdig undervisning för elever med språkstörning i skolan2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med vår studie var att undersöka om elever med funktionshinder får motsvarande utbildning och om undervisningen är kopplad till skolan som styrdokument. Undersökningen består av intervjuer med fyra lärare som alla arbetar med studenter med nedsatt språk i sin verksamhet. Utbildarna förklarar hur de uppfattar vad en motsvarande utbildning är för elever med funktionshinder och hur de arbetar för att dessa studenter får motsvarande utbildning enligt gällande styrdokument. Resultatet är att lärarna är överens om att eleverna i sin verksamhet inte får motsvarande utbildning. Dessa pedagoger har varierande kunskap om språkstörningar medan de tycker att problemet är att all relevant personal i skolan inte har tillräckligt med kunskap om språkstörningar och inte fullt ut vet hur man anpassar sig till eleverna behöver i förhållande till nuvarande styrdokument. Sammanfattningsvis anser alla intervjuade lärare att de har varierande kunskap om språkstörningar, men den kunskapen om studenter med nedsatt språk är för liten i skolan, och med större kunskap skulle fler studenter med språkförmåga få rätt anpassning och motsvarande utbildning. Skriv in abstrakt

  • Eriksson, Madeleine
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Avdiu, Blinera
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Informationskvalitet inom cancervården, får patienter rätt information?: Informationskvalitet: Relevant, representativ tillgänglig samt tillförlitlig information till personer med cancer.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Cancer is an increasing problem in society, not only in Sweden but throughout the world. Previous research shows that the mental health of patients with a cancer diagnosis is influenced by the information they receive about their diagnosis. More information is better than little or nothing at all.

    The purpose of this work is to investigate what is / means information quality for patients with a cancer diagnosis. By investigating whether the information provided to a patient with cancer diagnosis is relevant, reliable, available, and representative now with the information they desire.

    The theories used in the study to analyze the empirical data are Is Success Model (ISSM) by Delone and McLean, the further developed theory of Technology Acceptance Model 2 (TAM 2) by Venkatesh and Fred, D. Davies, as well as Information Processing Theory (IPT) of George A. Miller. In the theory section, there are more detailed descriptions of them, as well how each theory relates to the work and what they can contribute to the analysis of the empirical data.

    For the collection of data, both a qualitative and quantitative method has been used with an abductive approach. A questionnaire has been designed and presented in two groups that concern the subject of cancer on social media. Four semi-structured interviews have been conducted with four different regions / counties, Landstinget Blekinge, Region Kronoberg, Landstinget Kalmar and Region Jönköping.

    The analysis shows that, although incoming answers from questionnaires can not be generalized, today there are deficiencies in cancer care information flows to patients. All patients do not receive written information, they do not receive a written "My Care Plan", while some even receive more than one care plan. This indicates both information shortage, information overflow and asymmetric information.

    The discussion compares selected theories to the result as well as previous research into the scientific problem that has been discovered. The discussion shows that although it looks bright in the future after the SVF has been implemented throughout the country, there are currently indications of shortcomings in the information quality to the information that patients receive.

    The conclusion is that there are many different information and support systems which can make it difficult for patients to find relevant, representative, available, and reliable information about today's systems.

  • Lombard, Marlize
    et al.
    University of Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Högberg, Anders
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences. University of Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Haidle, Miriam N.
    Senckenberg Research Institute, Germany.
    Cognition: From Capuchin Rock Pounding to Lomekwian Flake Production2018In: Cambridge Archaeological Journal, ISSN 0959-7743, E-ISSN 1474-0540, p. 1-31Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although it is sometimes suggested that modern-day chimpanzee nut-cracking behaviour is cognitively similar to early stone-tool-knapping behaviour, few systematic comparative studies have tested this assumption. Recently, two further techno-behaviours were reported that could both represent intermediary phases in hominin cognitive evolution pertaining to our ultimate technological astuteness. These behaviours are that of bearded capuchin monkeys pounding rocks and very early stone-tool knapping from Lomekwi 3. Here we use a multi-model approach to directly compare cognitive aspects required for 11 techno-behaviours, ranging from the simplest capuchin pounding behaviour to the most complex chimpanzee nut-cracking and Lomekwi 3 knapping behaviours. We demonstrate a marked difference in broad-spectrum cognitive requirements between capuchin pounding on the one hand and Lomekwian bipolar knapping on the other. Whereas the contrast is less pronounced between chimpanzee nut-cracking scenarios and basic passive-hammer knapping at Lomekwi 3, the escalation in cognitive requirement between nut cracking and bipolar knapping is a good indication that early hominin flaking techniques are cognitively more taxing than chimpanzee nut-cracking behaviour today.

  • Nina, Amin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Music and Art.
    Att bedöma och betygsätta: en undersökning om hur två bildlärare ser på bedömning och betygsättning2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här studien undersöker hur två högstadielärare i ämnet bild upplever och arbetar med bedömning och betygsättning. Studiens material samlades in med hjälp av semistrukturerade intervjuer. Frågeställningarna är: Hur upplever två bildlärare på högstadiet bedömning och betygsättning av arbetsprocessen och slutprodukten, samt hur de tillfrågade lärarna ser på relationen mellan arbetsprocessen och slutprodukten i bedömningen och betygsättningen? Resultatet visar på att de tillfrågade lärarna upplever betyg och bedömningsarbete i bildämnet som svårt och komplext. Det visar även att bedömning och betygsättning i ämnet är särpräglad vilket i sin tur diskuteras i ljuset av att betygsättningen varierar mellan lärarna. Studien pekar på vidare forskning om elevernas upplevelser gällande bedömning och betygsättning i bildämnet.

  • Milebe Malanda, Fleury Florence
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education and Teacher's Practice.
    La place de la littérature francophone dans les manuels de FLE utilisés pour le lycée suédois2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Francophonie is a term that is often used in FLE studies because it refers to all countries and people who use French as an official language or language of communication. Indeed, the Francophonie aims to highlight the fact that the French language is spoken not only in France, but also in several countries of the world.

                          The purpose of this work was to find out how "La Francophonie" is used by FLE teachers in Swedish high schools. To achieve our objectives, we have adopted two methods namely: a study of themes related to the Francophonie in the textbooks Escalade 3, Escalade 4 and Escalade 5 which are used by the students of the levels of French 3, 4 and 5 in Swedish high schools. This textbook study, however, was supplemented by a survey of FLE teachers in high school to see how they use this term in their teaching. The survey was done thanks to Google forms and published on the Facebook pages of the groups '' Språklärarnas riksförbund '' and “Franska 6-9 och gy ''.

                                 The results of the study indicate that on the one hand, the analysis of the textbooks demonstrated that the theme of the Francophonie is present in all the textbooks studied, and on the other hand, the results of the survey confirmed that the Francophonie is present in the teachings of FLE in Sweden. However, some teachers have some difficulties in teaching it. Today, the computer tool (websites for example) is also widely used by teachers of FLE in Sweden and allows to integrate this theme in their teachings.

  • Suncevska, Sandra
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    ”Det måste ju vara hjärtat i botten” : En kvalitativ studie om hur gode män för ensamkommande barn presenterar sig själva och sin roll2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden is one of the countries in Europe that has received the highest number of unaccompanied children. Every unaccompanied children who comes to Sweden should get a legal guardian who is responsible for the children’s personal, economic and legal questions. The legal guardian is an important person for the children’s well-being. It is important that the legal guardian is conscious about his role as a legal guardian and that he is following the chief guardian committee’s rules. The legal guardian should for example be conscious that they should not act like a father or mother. The purpose of the study is to get an understanding of which self-presentations the legal guardian is doing in an interaction with me as an interviewer and which presentation he is doing of his role as a legal guardian. The purpose is also to investigate which formal rules and informal rules are directed him into his role as a legal guardian and his actions. The data in the study has been gathered through a qualitative research method and ten interviews are conducted with five female legal guardians and five male legal guardians. The data is analyzed with Goffman’s dramaturgical perspective and how people act when they interacts with the entourage. The results of the study shows that legal guardians are presenting a positive side of themselves. They are presenting themselves as a competent legal guardians. The results also show that the legal guardians are conscious about the Chief guardian committee’s rules at the same time as they are directed by informal rules. The legal guardians are directed by chief guardian committee’s rules, religion-related norms, family-related norms and professional ideals.

  • Creelman, Alastair
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, The University Library.
    Witthaus, Gabi
    Art of E-learning, Leicester, UK;University of Birmingham, UK.
    Rodriguez, Brenda Cecilia Padilla
    E-Learning Monterrey;Autonomous University of Nuevo León, Mexico.
    Refugees’ educational resources – RefER project final report2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Refugees’ Educational Resources (RefER) project was carried out between June and November 2018. The aim was to provide an understanding of the learning resources offered by organisations working with refugees and asylum seekers in the UK, and to advise the Open University (OU) on how it might repackage existing resources, or create additional ones, to directly respond to the needs of these organisations and the individuals they support. The research methodology was qualitative, and was based on data gathered from respondents working or volunteering in organisations that support refugees in the UK. Data was gathered from 26 organisations through the use of a survey, online interviews and follow-up emails. Participating organisations included national and local charities and universities in the UK. The services they provide include counselling, English language teaching, legal advice, and settling-in support. Their clients vary widely in terms of home countries, first languages, education background and knowledge of English. There is a clear need for lifelong learning provision across all levels, not just higher education.

  • Brunow, Dagmar
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature.
    [ Review of ] Tanja Thomas, Lina Brink, Elke Grittmann, Kaya de Wolff (Hg.): Anerkennung und Sichtbarkeit. Perspektiven für eine kritische Medienkulturforschung: Bielefeld: Transcript 2017 (Critical Studies in Media and Communication, Bd. 18), 258 S., ISBN 9783837640113, EUR 29,992018In: MEDIENwissenschaft Rezensionen | Reviews, E-ISSN 2196-4270, no 4, p. 386-387Article, book review (Refereed)
  • Bergh Nestlog, Ewa
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Swedish Language.
    Ehriander, Helene
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature.
    The Book Dog and Semiotic Resources in Envisionment Building of a Text World2018In: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, ISSN 0090-6905, E-ISSN 1573-6555, p. 1-16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Linnaeus University project “The Book Dog and Astrid Lindgren” seeks to bring children and literature together and to use the dog as a tool for this. The method involves children reading aloud to trained dogs, called book dogs. By studying the practice of the book dog, we seek more profound knowledge of the importance of the reading practice for children’s reading. Such knowledge can have didactic implications for reading practices also in contexts where there is no book dog. In the study reception theories (Langer in Envisioning knowledge.Building literacy in the academic disciplines, New York, Teachers College Press,2011a; Langer in Envisioning literature. Literary understanding and literature instruction, 2nd ed., New York, Teachers College Press,2011b) are developed with perspectives of discourse analysis (Fairclough in Discourse and social change, Polity Press, Cambridge,1992). and social semiotics (Halliday in Language as social semiotics. The social interpretation of language and meaning, Edward Arnold, London,1978). The result shows that the dog contributes with semiotic resources in the meaning-making process; the text world comes to life for the child through the expanded envisionment building where the dog is central. Since pupils read texts in all school subjects, the study should be relevant for all types of teachers when shaping reading practices that support pupil’s meaning-making, also in contexts where there is no book dog. The study can also say something about what engagement, attentiveness, and non-judgemental attitudes can mean for pupils, even they in reading and writing difficulties (Bergh Nestlog and Ehriander 2016).

  • Nordström, Thomas
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Measures that matter: Facilitating literacy through targeted instruction and assistive technology2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The acquisition of reading skills is one of the most important academic outcomes, as reading enables the individual to acquire knowledge and to actively take part in society. Despite research and educational progress, not all students develop their reading skills to a level that meet academic or societal demands. Study I in the dissertation aimed to demonstrate the relative importance of students developing adequate reading skills in order to succeed academically, and,thus to motivate interventions in order to counteract the negative impact of reduced reading performance. The overall aim of this dissertation was to explore two subsequent approaches for improving students’ possibilities to achieve a functioning literacy. The first approach focused on teachers’ use of reading assessment data and teaching recommendations in order to target instruction in classroom education involving all students (study II). The second approach focusedon the use of assistive reading and writing technology (primarily with text-to-speech, TTS, and speech-to-text, STT functions) for students with severe difficulties with reading (study III and IV). Study I was conducted as a follow-up study of an earlier project, in which grade 2 screening data of word decoding (N=1784) were run through a series of multiple regression analyses, in order to predict grade 9 grade marks and subject choices. Study II was conducted as a teacher intervention project within a larger reading educational project, in which participating grade 1-3 teachers (N=8) used the program features to strengthen reading instruction in classroom teaching. The teachers were interviewed in focus group meetings and their statements were analyzed using qualitative method. Study III and IV consisted of a six week assistive technology intervention (M=21 sessions) aimed to students with severe difficulties in reading from grade 4, grade 8 and from high school (N=146 participants before pretests). The intervention had a randomized control trial design with additional experimental elements, including pretests, posttests and one year follow up measurements, in addition to students, parents and teachers perceptions. The intervention was evaluated using both quantitative and qualitative methods. Study I demonstrated that students’ early reading skills predicted long-termacademic performance, meaning that low reading performers received lower grades and academic opportunities than students with higher assessed readingl evels. Study II showed that teachers could use assessment data and recommendationsin order for increasing their awareness of student learning, which influenced how they organized teaching. The impact of using the program for targeting needs in individual students, were, however, rather limited, and required further implementation of the program. Study III and IV showed that assistive technology can be used for assimilating(i.e., to read) and communicating (i.e., to write) text for students with severe difficulties in reading, which affected students’ motivation to engage with text, and their schoolwork in general. However, the extent students’ managed to use the technology varied and pointed to the need of teacher support to be able use the technology efficiently, as well as for further use in classroom education. Approximately 70 % of the students continued to use the technology after theintervention. Additional findings demonstrated the relative advantage of assistive technology in terms of increased reading speed and that students who used assistive technology did not fall behind equally impaired control students onreading measures, as assessed immediately after the intervention and after one year. In summary, this dissertation demonstrated how adjusted teaching, based on assessment data and recommendations, can be used to target individual needs in students, and how the use of assistive technology can be beneficial for students with severe difficulties in reading.

  • Andersson, Annie
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Religionsfrihet eller jämställdhet - vad väger tyngst?: En studie om hur den rättsliga avvägningen görs när två rättigheter kolliderar med varandra.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden has become an increasingly multicultural society where different religions and values ​​meet. Recently, the Swedish Labour Court decided, whether a company´s policy that demands an employee to shake hand, prevent the employee´s freedom of religion or if the policy had a legitimate purpose since it was a way of achieving equality between men and women at workplace.  The aim of this essay was to investigate how the court judges when the employer´s obligation not to discriminate on the ground of gender collides with an employee´s freedom of religion. In order to answer the question and achieve the purpose of this essay, the author has used a doctrinal method.  By studying the current law, the author of this essay has concluded that freedom of religion is protected by European Convention on Human Rights, article 9. The right to believe is complete, and is called forum internum. The right to practice a religion through a religious manifestation, is called forum externum. This right is not complete and can be restricted.  Freedom of religion has a strong legal protection, but there are situations where the right of others also must be considered. A employee has, in working life, not only rights, but also obligations towards the employer. This may imply restrictions on a employee's freedom of religion since the employer has the right to lead and distribute the work. An employer is obligated to work for an equal workplace. If the means used to achieve gender equality are appropriate and necessary, the freedom of religion in working life can be restricted.

  • Suvakci, Sevda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education and Teacher's Practice.
    Om ledarskap i förskolan – en erfaren förskollärares berättelse2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att bidra med kunskap om en rutinerad och erfaren förskollärares pedagogiska ledarskap i arbetet med barn i förskolan. De centrala frågeställningarna i undersökningen är: Hur beskriver förskolläraren sitt eget ledarskap? Vilka utmaningar upplever hon att det finns med ledarskap i förskoleverksamheten? Vad anser hon kännetecknar ett gott ledarskap för förskolläraren? Studien genomfördes med en kvalitativ ansats och en intervju användes som metod för datainsamling. Resultatet visar vikten av kommunikation, tydlighet, öppenhet och att en ledare ska anpassa sitt förhållningssätt. Detta är viktiga förutsättningar för goda relationer med barn. Vidare visar resultatet att förskolläraren till största delen använder en demokratisk ledarstil. Det innebär att hon anpassar sin ledarstil allteftersom vad situationen kräver, genom att ha ett gott samspel med barnen där deras tankar, idéer och intressen främjas och utmanas. Detta anser förskolläraren skapar trygga barn som trivs i förskolans verksamhet. I studien påpekar förskolläraren att reflektion och användandet av den didaktiska triangeln är viktiga verktyg i det egna ledarskapet. Det är viktigt att den kompetente ledaren analyserar verksamheten och anpassar sin planering och aktiviteterna utifrån barnens intressen och behov. Det framkommer även att förskolläraren dessutom har både svensk förskollärarutbildning och en liknande utbildning från sitt hemland. Förskolläraren har därmed en mångkulturell socialisationsbakgrund som framstod som relevant för att förstå hennes syn på ledarskap. Studien lyfter fram att tydlighet, planering, att organisera, vara kommunikativ, skapa relationer och att vara flexibel är viktiga egenskaper för ett fungerande ledarskap. Detta, menar förskolläraren, leder till bättre kvalitét i förskolan och främjar förskolebarns utveckling och lärande. Avslutningsvis presenteras tre förslag till fortsatt forskning.

  • Olteanu, Constanta
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mathematics.
    Essential role of invariance in mathematics2018In: World Association of Lesson Studies (WALS)
International Conference 2018- Lesson Study and Teacher Education:International Dialogue, Beijing Normal University, China., 2018, article id I0065Conference paper (Refereed)
  • Olteanu, Lucian
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mathematics.
    Lesson and learning study: the opportunity to successful communicate the content in algebra2018In: World Association of Lesson Studies (WALS)
International Conference 2018- Lesson Study and Teacher Education:International Dialogue, Beijing Normal University, China., 2018, article id I0066Conference paper (Refereed)
  • Westberg, Nathalie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature.
    Ett multipelt auteurskap?: En fallstudie av Rebecca (1940)2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay examines whether there is a multiple auteurship and if the term auteur can be applied to other filmmakers than the director. Based on this purpose, two questions where formulated: What is the role of the screenplay-writer compared to the director’s when it comes to auteurship over a film? The paper also examines the question of how a possible multiple auteurship could be formulated. To examine these questions, a comparative method was used in which the novel Rebecca was compared with its cinematic adaptation, as well as the film's screenplay. Based on the case study of Rebecca (1940), the director’s role is thereafter discussed compared to the screenplay-writers and the authors roles, as well as what the consequences of these roles have in terms of auteurship.

  • Holgersson, Martin
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Finans och Existens: Tolkning av vardagslivets finansialisering2018Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this book is to inquire into the relationship between human beings and financial markets. In this inquiry the author wishes to emphasize two aspects. Firstly, the act of creation of scientific knowledge, and secondly, the ubiquitous relationship that seems to interweave our everyday lives with financial markets. These two aspects highlight the main conversations to which this book wants to contribute. These are interpretative and hermeneutic research within social science in general and business administration in particular, as well as the growing literature on financialization. The more precise problem discussed concerns the insecurity and uncertainty that seem to surround our relationship with financial markets, or, as put in the literature: “the uncertain subjects of financialization”. Inspired by the ethnographic tradition, the author observed a gathering of thousands of people under the topic of making money from money in a spectacular building. The experience of this event worked as a catalyst for an interpretation of not only the specific meeting but also of our relationship to financial markets more generally. With the help of an elaborated analogy, it is suggested that we live (within) a spirit of finance capitalism, a spirit that has an ever-increasing presence in our lives. The author argues that our relationship to financial markets – and the financialization of daily life – is an existential dilemma as much as a financial one. Differently put, we can read the widespread uncertainty surrounding financial markets as doubt about the existence that we – more or less, for better or worse – appear unable to escape in a capitalistic society where finance is omnipresent. The interpretation contributes to the literature on financialization in two distinct ways. First, it integrates several themes recognized in the literature – such as opportunity, power, education and community – under one umbrella. Second, it accomplishes this by drawing on the tradition of sociology of religion and thereby highlighting the existential aspect of finance as an essential part of the human condition in a capitalist society.

  • Shokat, Imran
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of computer science and media technology (CM).
    Computational Analyses of Scientific Publications Using Raw and Manually Curated Data with Applications to Text Visualization2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Text visualization is a field dedicated to the visual representation of textual data by using computer technology. A large number of visualization techniques are available, and now it is becoming harder for researchers and practitioners to choose an optimal technique for a particular task among the existing techniques. To overcome this problem, the ISOVIS Group developed an interactive survey browser for text visualization techniques. ISOVIS researchers gathered papers which describe text visualization techniques or tools and categorized them according to a taxonomy. Several categories were manually assigned to each visualization technique. In this thesis, we aim to analyze the dataset of this browser. We carried out several analyses to find temporal trends and correlations of the categories present in the browser dataset. In addition, a comparison of these categories with a computational approach has been made. Our results show that some categories became more popular than before whereas others have declined in popularity. The cases of positive and negative correlation between various categories have been found and analyzed. Comparison between manually labeled datasets and results of computational text analyses were presented to the experts with an opportunity to refine the dataset. Data which is analyzed in this thesis project is specific to text visualization field, however, methods that are used in the analyses can be generalized for applications to other datasets of scientific literature surveys or, more generally, other manually curated collections of textual documents.

  • Jalilzadehazhari, Elaheh
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Forestry and Wood Technology.
    Johansson, Jimmy
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Forestry and Wood Technology.
    Applying a decision-making framework for resolving conflicts when selecting windows and blinds2018In: Architectural Engineering and Design Management, ISSN 1745-2007, E-ISSN 1752-7589Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The selection of the most appropriate window and blind design is a challenging task due to the existence of potential conflicts between visual comfort, thermal comfort, energy consumption and life cycle cost. Resolving these conflicts relies on a trade-off window and blind design. This research applied a decision-making framework to select a trade-off window and blind design for an office room in Sweden. The decision-making framework was developed based on integrating the non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm-II and the analytical hierarchy process. The first step in the application of the framework was to generate a model of the office room using EnergyPlus. Six types of window and four types of blind; an internal venetian blind, an internal roller curtain, an external venetian blind and an external overhang panel, were modelled in EnergyPlus. The second step was to run an optimisation using non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm-II. For this purpose, various window and blind design variables were specified in modeFRONTIER platform. The third and last step in the application of the decision-making framework was to select a trade-off window and blind design using analytical hierarchy process. The results show the strength of the decision-making framework in selecting a trade-off design, and thereby the ability to resolve conflicts through intelligent use of simulation in analyzing big-data in built environment, energy and cost sectors. Since, the computation and processing power for performing simulations is constantly increasing, architects and designers can exploit the decision-making framework and locate a trade-off design in a relatively short period of time.

  • Kostera, Monika
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. Durham University, UK ; Jagiellonian University, Poland.
    On work and peace2018In: M@n@gement, ISSN 1286-4692, E-ISSN 1286-4692, Vol. 21, no 3, p. 1103-1104Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • Henriquez Monteagudo, Albert
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Chemistry and Biomedical Sciences.
    Denosumab jämfört med alendronat vid långtidsbehandling av osteoporos hos postmenopausala kvinnor2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Osteoporosis is the most common skeletal disease in Scandinavia. About every other woman and every 4th man will suffer from some kind of fracture during their lifetime. With an aging population, the medical and socio-economic impact of osteoporosis, especially postmenopausal osteoporosis, will increase. The symptoms are pain in the legs, but in some cases the spine can be compressed, which causes a moderate backache. In Sweden, approximately 70,000 osteoporosis-related fractures occur annually. Estimated cost of SEK 3.5 billion. Of the 70,000 fractures annually, about 17,000 are hip fractures and 10,000 are vertebral fractures. Medicinal products used as first choice are bisphosphonates like alendronate in treatment for osteoporosis. Denosumab is used in patients who cannot take bisphosphonates.

    Aim

    The aim of the study was to compare the efficacies of alendronate and denosumab in preventing fractures and to examine the effects of long-term and short-term treatment of osteoporosis on bone mineral density (BMD) in post-menopausal women.

    Results

    When alendronate is used in the first 3 years compared with denosumab, BMD growth at the lumbar spine is almost the same. Alendronate gave a BMD increase of 8.8% after three years at the lumbar spine and denosumab a BMD increase of 9.2% at the lumbar spine. However, after three to five years of using alendronate, it begins to lose its effect on increasing BMD. In the first three years, the use of alendronate for preventing vertebral fractures gave a NNT (numbers needed to treat) = 33 and for nonvertebral fractures NNT = 45. For denosumab NNT = 20 for vertebral fractures and for nonvertebral fractures NNT = 50 in the first three years. After 10 years of use of alendronate, BMD increase at the lumbar spine was 13.7%, while denosumab resulted in a BMD growth of 18.4% after 8 years of use.

    Conclusion

    Alendronate is a good choice as a drug for the first three to five years. Alendronate is stored in the body and continued treatment does not have the same effect as the first few years. On the other hand, denosumab is a better alternative, as it results in continued BMD growth for up to 8 years of use. The problem is that denosumab is too expensive to give to everyone who has osteoporosis. Hopefully, in the future, biological medicines will become cheaper, so that more people can be treated with denosumab.

  • Anxo, Dominique
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Ericson, Thomas
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Labour market measures in in Sweden 2008–13: the crisis and beyond2015Report (Other academic)
  • Håkansson, Anna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Sårsmärta hos personer med diabetes: en intervjustudie2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Zubak, Zoran
    et al.
    Special Hospital Biograd, Biograd 23210, Croatia ; University of Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
    Terzic, Admir
    University of Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
    Zenic, Natasa
    University of Split, Croatia.
    Ostojic, Ljerka
    University of Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina ; University of Split, Croatia ; Academy of Medical Sciences, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
    Zubak, Ivana
    University of Zadar, Croatia.
    Jelicic, Mario
    University of Split, Croatia.
    Pojskić, Haris
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science. Mid Sweden University.
    Are sports-related factors correlated to the prevalence and initiation of illicit drug misuse in adolescence?: prospective study in older adolescents2018In: BioMed Research International, ISSN 2314-6133, E-ISSN 2314-6141, Vol. 2018, p. 1-10, article id 1236284Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sport participation is considered as a factor of potential influence on illicit drug misuse (IDM) in adolescence, but there is an evident lack of studies which prospectively investigated this problem. This study aimed to prospectively investigate the sports-related factors related to IDM and the initiation of IDM among older adolescents. The participants were 436 adolescents (202 females; 16 years old at study baseline). They were tested at baseline and follow-up (two years later). The predictors included variables associated with different facets of sports participation and success in sports. The criteria were (i) baseline IDM, (ii) follow-up IDM, and (iii) initiation of IDM between baseline and follow-up. Crude and adjusted (controlled for parental conflict, age, socioeconomic status, and gender) logistic regressions were applied to establish correlations between predictors and criteria. There were higher odds for baseline IDM in adolescents who quit individual sports (OR: 4.2, 95% CI: 1.3-13.9), who had better competitive sports achievements (OR: 1.8, 95% CI: 1.0-3.3), and those involved in sports for a longer time (OR: 1.6, 95% CI: 1.0-2.5). The IDM at follow-up was more prevalent in adolescents who were involved in sports for a longer time (OR: 1.7, 95% CI: 1.1-2.6). Initiation of drug use was predicted by longer experience in sports (OR: 1.8, 95% CI: 1.1-3.1). Sports-related factors were more negatively than positively related to illicit drug use. Most probably, the transition from junior to senior level in sports put specific stress on those adolescents who were highly committed to sports until that time, but who then had to question their own sports abilities and future potential in sports. Sport-authorities should be informed on established results and specific public-health efforts aimed at preventing IDM in athletic adolescents are urgently needed.

  • Pojskić, Haris
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science. Mid Sweden University.
    Eslami, Bahareh
    Mid Sweden University.
    Relationship between obesity, physical activity, and cardiorespiratory fitness levels in children and adolescents in Bosnia and Herzegovina: an analysis of gender differences2018In: Frontiers in Physiology, ISSN 1664-042X, E-ISSN 1664-042X, Vol. 9, p. 1-11, article id 1734Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aimed to examine: (i) the level of physical activity (PA), obesity indices and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) among boys and girls in primary school, and (ii) to determine the association of obesity indices and PA with CRF for the total number of participants, and then separately for boys and girls. 753 sixth to ninth grade girls and boys aged 10–14 years took part in this cross-sectional study. The PA was assessed by the “Physical Activity Questionnaire – Children” and CRF was assessed by the Maximalmultistage a 20 m shuttle run test. Body mass index (BMI), waist circumferences (WC), and waist to height ratio (WHtR) were considered as obesity indices. Multiple linear regression analyses were performed to explore correlates of CRF. The results obtained showed the prevalence of general overweight and obesity was 25.5% in our sample which was lower than that in the regional estimate (e.g., 28%) for Eastern Europe. Among all participants, CRF was associated with male sex, older age, a lower WC percentile, higher WHtR, and higher level of PA. The model accounted for 24% of the variance. CRF was associated with older age and a higher level of PA among girls and boys. Lower WC percentile was a significant determinant of CRF among boys. In conclusion, general overweight/obesity was not independently associated with CRF. Those with better CRF were more likely to be male and older, had a higher level ofPA and lower central adiposity. These findings emphasize the importance of supporting school-age children to take a part in programmed physical activity regardless of their body composition.

  • Nilsson, Åsa
    et al.
    (GR)/FoU i Väst.
    Forkby, Torbjörn
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Anna, Liljeström
    Sveriges Kommuner och Landsting (SKL).
    Olsson, Jeanette
    GR/FoU i Väst.
    Turner, Russell
    University of Gothenburg.
    Ungas livssituation i Göteborgsregionen: analyser av ungas fritid, skoltid, inflytande, trygghet och hälsa i nio kommuner utifrån Lupp-undersökningen 20172018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här rapporten beskriver och redovisar resultatet av det regionala samarbetet inom Göteborgsregionen kring ungdomsundersökningen Lupp 2017. Nio kommuner i Göteborgsregionen genomförde Lupp hösten 2017 i årskurs 8 och gymnasiets år 2: Ale, Alingsås, Härryda, Kungsbacka, Kungälv, Mölndal, Stenungsund, Tjörn samt Öckerö (enbart åk8). Kommunerna gav gemensamt i uppdrag åt Göteborgsregionen/FoU i Väst att ge stöd i arbetet. Utöver nio lokala resultatrapporter har Göteborgsregionen/FoU i Väst tagit fram den här rapporten med regionalt baserade analyser. Lupp är ett enkätverktyg som tillhandahålls av Myndigheten för ungdoms- och civilsamhällesfrågor (MUCF). Enkäten täcker många ämnen och livsområden. Den innehållsliga bredden gör resultaten särskilt användbara som underlag i kommunövergripande dialoger med unga, tjänstepersoner och politiker om sådant som rör ungas livssituation. Enkätsvaren bidrar med ungdomars perspektiv på förhållanden som berör dem. Samarbetet mellan kommunerna ger varje kommun referenspunkter från grannkommunerna. Det sammantagna regionala svarsunderlaget gör det möjligt att analysera mindre grupper av ungdomar som är för små för lokala analyser. En röd tråd i rapportens analyser är social hållbarhet och målen i Sveriges nationella ungdomspolitik. Rapportens analyser syftar till att belysa ungdomarnas förutsättningar för en meningsfull fritid, lärande och utveckling i skolan, inflytande i samhället, trygghet i vardagen, en god hälsa och livstillfredsställelse samt framtidstro. 

  • Appelqvist, Amanda
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Sjögren, Anette
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Distriktssköterskors handhavande av och kunskaper om svårläkta sår: En enkätstudie2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Chronic wounds are a health problem all over the world. Continuity, person-centered care, proper wound assessment and applied knowledge of the wound healing process and underlying factors underpin good wound healing. District nurses handling and knowledge are important factors in the care of patients with chronic wounds. Cross-professional care and person-centered care are important components of the care plan of patients with chronic wounds.

    Purpose: The purpose is to investigate the district nurse disposal and knowledge of severe wounds.

    Method: This survey is an empirical cross-sectional study with analysis of quantitative data and descriptive design. The selection group consisted of general nurses and district nurses employed in primary care and community home care in two counties in southeast Sweden.

    Results: The analysis resulted in four prominent findings. The most prominent findings are: colleagues, work experience and continuing training are the main sources of knowledge regarding chronic wounds and wound care training is rarely offered. District nurses grade their knowledge of chronic wounds higher than general nurses, there are differences between workplaces and counties in which anti-healing factors are actively working whit and that cross-professional cooperation differs between workplaces and counties.

    Conclusion: There are differences in education in wound care between nursing education and district nursing education, hence the exchange of knowledge between colleagues and continuing education has become an important factor for higher wound care skills. Today there are no national guidelines and procedures in how wound care should be designed, there are differences between counties, primary care and community home care

  • Conradsson, Magdalena
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education and Teacher's Practice.
    Stark, Katarina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education and Teacher's Practice.
    Solidaritet på förskolan: En studie om sex förskollärares beskrivningar om vad värdet solidaritet med svaga och utsatta innebär i förskolans praktik2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I förskolans uppdrag ingår det att i samspel med barnen främja de grundläggande värden som vårt samhälle vilar på. Dessa är; människolivets okränkbarhet, individens frihet och integritet, alla människors lika värde, jämställdhet mellan könen och solidaritet med svaga och utsatta (Skolverket 2016). I den här studien tittar vi närmare på värdet; "solidaritet med svaga och utsatta". Anledningen till det är att vi i vår egen utbildning till förskollärare, samt på de förskolor vi arbeter på saknar reflekterande diskussioner om vad detta värde innebär i en förskolepedagogisk kontext. Studiens syfte är därför att ur ett didaktiskt perspektiv synliggöra förskollärares beskrivningar av deras värdegrundsarbete med soidaritet med svaga och utsatta.Genom de didaktiska frågorna; Vad (vilket innehåll lärs ut) och Hur (vilka metoder används) söker vi svar på hur förskollärare arbetar med detta värde. För att få svar på detta intervjuar vi sex förskollärare. Resultatet visar att på samtliga förskollärares arbetsplatser finns det inte ett planerat arbete samt att värdet inte lyfts till reflektion om dess innebörd. Dock, framkommer det i resultatet fem olika innehållsområden som förskollärarna kopplar ihop med deras arbete med solidaritet med svaga och utsatta, samt sex metoder som de anser främja detta arbete. Gemensam nämnare för de olika ämnesområdena handlar om att barnen i ord och handling visar att de bryr sig om sina kamrater. Metoder som förskollärare använder sig av är att de i den dagliga verksamheten bäddar i arbetet med solidaritet med svaga och utsatta i de vardagliga situationer som uppstår i barnens samspel.

  • Zaid, Mohammad
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Critical success factor for the implementation of information system in an organisation: CASE OF WARTSILA2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Information system projects are gaining immense popularity among the manufacturing organisations across the globe. Due to the challenges associated with the information system project management with the manufacturing organisation, organisations have started focusing on technology-oriented solutions such as Information system (IS) projects. However, the success or failure of these projects is ultimately dependent on a range of critical success factors. The purpose of the research was to investigate the Critical Success Factors (CSF) in an Information System (IS) project using the case of Wartsila, a manufacturing organisation operating in marine and energy sector. For this purpose, a qualitative research method was adopted with semi-structured interviews carried out with the IT manager, the Integration Manager (Int. M), and the project teams involved in the project. Thematic analysis, which was chosen as the appropriate data analysis method, assisted in the identification of several codes that were categorized and finally guided to the extraction of seven (7) key themes. A conceptual framework was drawn from the secondary literature review containing CSF within the two major categories such as subjective and objective CSFs. The set of subjective CSFs included project management and team member, commitment and management support, training, change management perceptions, communication, and project planning and management. On the other side, the set of objective CSFs included the process of redesigning, technological difficulties in system design, costs, time engineering, and quality.  

    These literature-based factors were simultaneously analysed by the responses of the interviewees, ultimately ending up in the development of a modified and comprehensive framework for the manufacturing organisation. The findings revealed the significance of subjective factor in shaping the accomplishment of objective factors, drive the project towards the success. These findings have further recommended the need for culturally sensitive ‘training’ and integration of formal and informal ‘communication’ methods for the success of the projects in the manufacturing organisations.

  • Johansson, Viktor
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Kristensson, Tommie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Dött utrymme: En studie om olyckor i slutna utrymmen2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The term ”Enclosed space” is defined as a space with limited or no ventilation and which is not designed for continuous occupancy. Rules and several recommendations concerning the requirements for atmospheric measurements have been drafted to limit the risks involving enclosed spaces but still, accidents keep occurring, accidents where the atmosphere is the cardinal factor.

    This study has, with the aid of the analysis module Human Factors Analysis and Classification System – Maritime Accidents (HFACS-MA), qualitatively analyzed 14 accident reports where persons have perished or been severely injured due to lack of oxygen or exposure to toxic gases in enclosed spaces aboard ships. The results have then been compiled to get a broad picture of the most contributing causes for the accidents. The study has also analyzed the rescue operation’s quality on different types of vessels based on the HFACS-MA results and statements from the investigators and the study have also looked at what improvements can be made to ensure that rescue operations in enclosed spaces will work as effectively as possible.

    The study found that the most contributing causes for accidents in enclosed spaces, where the atmosphere was the cardinal factor, is the lack of supervision from supervisors followed by violations by individuals and organizational issues. The results suggest that tanker vessels have a better rescue organization compared to dry cargo vessels, which by comparison with earlier studies can be explained by the higher focus on safety management by tanker companies compared to dry cargo companies. When it comes to improving rescue operations, this study has concluded that crews should practice more in enclosed spaces in order to get a better routine so that the rescue operations are made based on knowledge and training instead of emotions and instinct.

  • Engström, Camilla
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Jonsson, Marie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Hälsofrämjande arbete med MI som metod: Distriktssköterskors erfarenheter inom primärvården2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The need for changing living habits is very common in today's society. One of the district nurses' work areas is health promotion through meeting, supporting, helping, advising, cherishing, preventing and treating the different stages of life. A method that enables this work and which is used in primary health care for health promotion is Motivational Interviewing (MI).

    Aim: The purpose of the study was to highlight district nurses' experiences of using Motivational Interviewing (MI) as a method in their health promotion work in Primary health care.

    Method: A qualitative design with inductive approach was used as a method. The data collection was conducted with twelve semi-structured interviews. Data was analyzed with manifest content analysis.

    Results: The analysis resulted in three categories. The MI- method's Challenges, where district nurses described that the method facilitated their work. They described that the MI-method highlighted the patient's own resources and created participation. The patient's motivation was of great importance to the health-promoting change. The professional approach of the district nurse , where district nurses described the importance of being open, present and humble by actively listening to the patient to get to know their situation. Preconditions for using the MI method in the business, where it was found that district nurses needed repetition and more training in the MI method and that there was a need for support from the organization in the use of the MI method.

    Conclusion: The MI method is used successfully by district nurses and creates great opportunities to motivate patients for change. The study also shows that there is a need for follow-up of education and feedback between colleagues.

  • Larsson, Paloma
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning. Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Swedish Language.
    Multimodala texter i svenskundervisningen: En intervjustudie med lärare i åk 1-32018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Multimodala texter är den vanligaste textformen som elever möter idag (Björkvall, 2009:8f). Traditionella texter utmanas nu av multimodala texter och hur texter kan produceras och läses har förändrats. Syftet med studien är att undersöka hur sex lärare i årskurserna 1–3 uppfattar arbetet med multimodala texter i svenskundervisning. Följande frågeställningar har formulerats utifrån syftet: Hur säger sig lärare använda olika multimodala texter i svenskundervisningen? Hur säger sig lärare använda olika digitala hjälpmedel i arbetet med multimodala texter? Vilka möjligheter och utmaningar ser lärarna med multimodala texter i svenskundervisningen? Studien utgår från det sociokulturella perspektivet med utgångspunkt i att texter skapas i sociala kontexter och att texten får sin status genom lärarens undervisning. Materialet samlas in genom intervjuer. Resultaten visar att lärare främst arbetar med skrift och muntliga former i sin svenskundervisning. Skriften framställs även som den viktigaste modaliteten och komponenten itexter. Digitala hjälpmedel anses vara ett stöd som hjälper elever att komma framåt i textarbetet, exempelvis genom skrivstöd. Lärarna upplever dock att tekniken med digitala hjälpmedel är stressande och tidskrävande. Lärarna är osäkra på begreppet multimodala texter och vad det innefattar. Ett tecken på osäkerheten är att digitala texter automatiskt ses som multimodala. Lärarna behöver få tid att fortbilda sig inom det multimodala textarbetet för att bli mer säkra, vilket ligger på rektorns ansvar att se till.

  • Adolfsson, Zandra
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Karlsson, Michaela
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Barnvaccinationer: BHV-sjuksköterskans kommunikation och information till föräldrar. 2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The childhood vaccination program is the most successful medical response to public health. Despite this, there have always been negative voices about vaccination. Information about childhood vaccinations is spread quickly and easily through media and information channels, such as Facebook and YouTube. This information is not always critically reviewed and suspected sideeffects may then be overestimated. Evidence shows that there is a variety of reasons why some parents have doubt about childhood vaccination. Child Health nurse's task is to meet all parents with respect and give correct information so the parents have a decision basis for vaccination.

    A lack of communication between the Child Health nurse and the parents can contribute to increased concern, which may lead to the parents choosing to abstain from vaccination.

    Aim: The aim was to describe Child Health nurse's experiences of communicating with parents before childhood vaccinations.

    Method: Semi-structured interviews with nine Child Health nurses. The study has been analyzed using a qualitative content analysis.

    Results: The result showed that all participants in the study felt that most parents had a positive attitude towards childhood vaccination. The study showed that the Child Health nurses felt that they provided a good and distinct information to the parents. At the same time, participants believed that the dissemination of information could be improved. It showed that there are differences in when Child Health nurses present information to the parents. The participants in the study felt safe in the meeting with parents and about communication of information prior to vaccination.

    Conclusion: The study showed that Child Health nurses felt secure about communication, both with information before vaccination and in meeting hesitent parents. Child Health nurses described that they had good and distinct information within the organization.

  • Li, Weishuang
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Physics and Electrical Engineering.
    Optimum Signal Design in UWB Communications2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis