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  • Karlsson, Albin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Det stora snillets divinatoriska blick: En studie om skildrandet av Carl von Linnés resa till Sápmi vid åminnelsefirandena till hans födelse och död 1807, 1878, 1907, 1978 och 20072019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to investigate how Carl Linnaeus’ (1707-1778) expedition to Sápmi (‘Lapland’) 1732 was depicted in the centennial, bicentennial and tricentennial commemoration of his birth in 1807, 1907 and 2007 and the centennial and bicentennial remembrance to his death in 1878 and 1978. It will, furthermore, examine if the celebrations of his expedition were also used to legitimize the Swedish colonialization of Sápmi. The source material are speeches given at the commemorations and articles published in conjunction with the remembrance of Linnaeus. The essay concludes that the commemorations of the 19th century were characterized by an inclination to portray the dangers of his expedition. This focus point, however, gradually shifted towards praising the scientific aspects and accolades of the expedition during the 20th and the 21st centuries. The appreciation of Linnaeus character in association with the journey remained a constant during all commemorations, with some exceptions. The conclusion regarding the legitimizing aspect, is that the majority of the 19th and early 20th century commemorations partially, at least legitimized the fiscal approach that the expedition had. However, the celebrations in 1978 and 2007 lacked this aspect.

  • Czaholi, Attila
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages.
    Morphosyntactic competence of adult learners of English in Sweden: The impact of L2 exposure outside school and highest completed education on morphosyntactic development2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate the morphosyntactic development of Grundvux learners (adult learners who study school subjects at elementary school levels in Sweden) of English with the aid of Processability theory, or PT, and to investigate the potential influence of exposure to English outside school and the participants' highest completed formal education on the participants' morphosyntactic levels. The participants of this study were Grundvux learners who studied English either on National Course 2, 3, or 4. This study also investigated how similar or different Course 2, 3 and 4 participants were when it comes to their highest attained PT-levels. The participants described a picture series and answered questions about their highest completed education from their home countries and how much they tend to be exposed to English on a weekly basis outside school. The results show that Course 2, 3 and 4 participants have both similarities and differences regarding their highest attained PT-levels. The results also show that there could be a possible connection between educational background and morphosyntactic development, i.e. that educational background can have a solid influence on morphosyntactic development. Furthermore, this study shows that a connection between exposure to English outisde school and morphosyntactic development is not likely. Yet, more research with more participants and tasks with different instructions are needed to draw definitie conclusions about the effects of exposure to English outside school and highest completed education on learners' morphosyntactic development. Lastly, this study provides some information to in-service teachers about what morphosyntactic structures to teach and when based on the learners' highest attained PT-levels.                      

  • Edlund, Maria
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Vår historias betydelse: En diskursanalys av sameskolans och svensk grundskolas arbete med identitetsskapande i historieämnet2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Within the educational system you will experience students from different cultures, thus the question was asked: what are the expectations on you as a teacher when working with the students’ process of a positive identity view? The essay has examined how elementary school and the sami school work with identity in school and in history class. The investigation has been executed through Critical Doscourse Analysis (CDA) on the source material Syllabi and course plan for history subject for elementary school and sami school fråm 1994 and 2011, and syllabus for sami school from 1996. The results presented reveals a change in how the words identity and the sami people are assoicated with and how these concepts should be treated in the syllabi and the cours plans for history from 1994 and 2011. In the syllabi and course plan in history from 1994 identity is strongly associated with culture and cultural heritage and the sami perspective should be included as a part of the swedish and nordic perspective. The sami school has provided the teachers with a guidance in the history subject including how to teach in order to mediate a sami perspective. In the syllabus and course plan for history from 2011, the sami perspective is exkluded and instead the sami people are placed in a context of learning about “the others”. Identity is no longer strongly associated with culture in this syllabus, but instead the focus is directed towards language and historical narratives connected with identity development.

  • Karlsson, Fredrik
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Mårtensson, Matilda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Var kriget kallt när de kalmaritiska pressarna gick varma?: En presstudie om de kalmaritiska dagstidningarnas rapportering om händelser under det kalla kriget med Sovjetunionen i fokus2019Student paper other, 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is investigating what the citizens of Kalmar could read in the local newspapers on matters concerning the Soviet Union during the cold war. We chose to do a study of the two largest local newspapers in the region, Barometern and Östra Småland. We wanted to see how they reported about three specific events. In addition to the newspapers, we used litterature who dealt with Swedish foreign policies during the above mentioned period. The reason behind the choice of litterature was to get a bigger picture, contextually. The most important results given from the study was that the local citizens in Kalmar were able to get a lot of useful information regarding the events. We could also see that there was a difference between the newspapers in the way they reported about the events. That was most clear in the editorial material where the newspapers political tendencies were shining through. Regarding the swedish foreign policy, it was made clear to us that the most distinct feature was to maintain their neutrallity in the polarized world. In order to do that, the image of neutrality had to be preserved. That’s why Sweden during certain periods, were cautious in their criticism against the Soviet Union and USA.

  • Gustavsson, Karl
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Strömberg-Eriksson, Johan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    "Domarrekryteringen är obefintlig. Man får söka upp själv om man vill börja": Hur rekryteras Svenska ishockeydomare samt hur utvecklas och utbildas dem?2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsens syfte är att undersöka hur Svenska Ishockeyförbundet bedriver rekryteringsarbetet av domare samt vad finns det för utvecklings- och utbildningsmöjligheter. Det framkom i sökning av tidigare forskning att det är ett outforskat ämne. Det har genomförts en enkät som 481 domare har besvarat och en intervju med Joel Hansson på Svenska ishockeyförbundet. Uppsatsen har påvisat det bristfälliga rekryteringsarbete som legat till grund för verksamheten. Uppsatsen har visat att samarbetet mellan förening och domare är bidragande i syfte att rekrytera och behålla domare. Svensk ishockey har ett problem att lösa i domarbristen, annars riskerar idrotten att succesivt försvinna utan en fungerande rekrytering av nya domare.

  • Magnusson, Petter
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Engborg, Tobias
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    "Direkte till Amerika": En studie om publicitet för emigration till Amerika mellan 1866-18752019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay aims to analyze the publicity for emigration to America between the years 1866 to 1875 that targeted potential emigrants from the region around Kronoberg county. The reason for this is to find out how the obstacles and factors that existed during the time were affected by the marketing.

    The main material used in the essay consist of ads in papers connected to Kronoberg county, letters sent from America to their family in Sweden and manuals about emigrating to America from Sweden.In addition, articles and other small forms of text will also be used.

    The main result show how the different forms of marketing target different obstacles and factors. An additional result showed that new forms of obstacles and factors were identified which were not anticipated beforehand.

  • Ejermo, Emil
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    MBD-sjuk, DAMP-unge och ADHD-barn: Koncentrationssvårigheter i grundskolan ur ett historiskt perspektiv2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    MBD, DAMP, ADD and ADHD are all concepts that through history have been used as labels to explain people with concentration difficulties. The purpose of this essay is to illustrate how the school's view on pupils with concentration difficulties has changed over the years. In addition, it shows how the school's view of pupils with concentration difficulties has affected both the teaching, the role of the teachers and the students. In the 1950s, the concept of MBD was used. In the 1990s, the term DAMP was used and today children with concentration problems are diagnosed with ADD or ADHD. In this essay I follow how perceptions of these difficulties has changed in line with the concept differences.

  • Valthersson, Jonas
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Music and Art.
    David Lynch och fotografiet: The Factory Photographs2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte är att genom semiotisk analysmetod och fototeori, om fotografiet som medium, försöka tolka David Lynchs fotografiska bildspråk i en motivanalys av två fotografier ur The Factory Photographs. Om upplevelsen av dessa fotografier kan förändras genom resonemang hämtade från främst filosoferna Roland Barthes och Susan Sontag. Detta berör teoretiskt begrepp som punctum, men även riktningen surrealism inom konst. Resultatet ska utmynna i alternativa innebörder åt fotografierna vid sidan av dess dokumentära uttryck.

  • Björklund, Camilla
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Palmér, Hanna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mathematics.
    I mötet mellan lekens frihet och undervisningens målorientering i förskolan.2019In: Forskning om undervisning och lärande, ISSN 2000-9674, E-ISSN 2001-6131, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 64-85Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The focus of this article is on the openness of play and the goal-direction of teaching in preschool. The aim was to investigate how goal-orientation may be formed in play and in what ways this impacts on the play in relation to the children’s intentions. The study is based on 62 video documentations of play situations in which preschool teachers participate. The results show that goal-oriented processes can be integral to play when preschool teachers enable children to develop knowledge and skills necessary for the play. This, however, demands joint attention in the interaction as well as the teacher understanding the child’s understanding of the content that is necessary for the play simultaneously. Formulating learning goals in line with children’s intentions seems to be critical since children’s intentions direct the play and thus which learning goals that will be possible or necessary to comprise.

  • Bastani, Spencer
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Giebe, Thomas
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Miao, Chizheng
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Ethnicity and Tax Filing Behavior2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We analyze differences in tax filing behavior between natives and immigrants using population-wide Swedish administrative data, focusing on two empirical examples. First, controlling for a rich set of variables, we compare deduction behavior of  immigrants and natives with the same commuting patterns within Sweden's largest commuting zone. We find  that newly arrived immigrants file fewer deductions than natives, that immigrants with a longer duration of stay in the host country behave more like natives, and that immigrants with the longest stay file the most, even more than natives. Second, we analyze bunching behavior among the self-employed at the first central government kink point of the Swedish income tax schedule and find that self-employed immigrants exhibit significantly less bunching behavior than natives, even after a long time in the host country. We highlight residential segregation as a main driver of the observed behavioral differences. 

  • Persson, Paulina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning.
    Simon, Wirkensjö
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning.
    Rekrytera, utveckla & behålla: Hur kan arbetet med kompetensförsörjning se ut i offentlig sektor?2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I en värld som ständigt förändras och utvecklas kan det finnas ett pågående tryck hos organisationer att behålla värdefull kunskap men även att identifiera var kunskap saknas och åtgärda detta. Arbetet med detta hos organisationer kallas ofta för ”kompetensförsörjning”. Syftet med denna studie är att identifiera hur arbetet med kompetensförsörjning i vissa fall kan se ut för HR-medarbetare och chefer i en offentlig verksamhet. Studien är kvalitativ och innehåller tidigare forskning gällande Human Resources och kompetensförsörjning . I studien har fyra halvstrukturerade intervjuer genomförts med fyra respondenter som alla arbetar med HR inom offentlig sektor. Därefter har data blivit tematisk analyserat för att ge form till de olika teman som återfinns i resultatet. Resultatet påvisar att både HR-medarbetare och chefer är delaktiga i arbetet med kompetensförsörjning, men att cheferna ofta tilldelas utvalda ansvarsområden och att HR-medarbetare har det övergripande ansvaret och fungerar som en specialistfunktion. Slutsatsen påvisar att både HRmedarbetare och chefers olika kunskaper är viktiga beståndsdelar i kompetensförsörjningen men även att det finns alternativa arbetssätt som skulle vara önskvärda om tid och möjlighet funnits.

  • Petersson, Linda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education and Teacher's Practice.
    Vilken kunskap stöds bäst av traditionell klassrumsundervisning respektive utomhuspedagogik?: En jämförande metodstudie2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I den här studien undersöks vilken typ av kunskap som stöds av traditionell klassrumsundervisning jämfört med utomhuspedagogik. Under hösten 2018 har två klasser på en högstadieskola i södra Sverige valts ut och undervisats i biologi inom två jämförbara delområden, svampar och lavar. Eleverna har fått undervisning med traditionell klassrumsundervisning i det ena delområdet och utomhuspedagogik i det andra delområdet. Efter varje delområde har eleverna fått svara på provfrågor som sedan bedömts och resultaten som erhållits utgående från de båda undervisningsmetoderna har sedan jämförts. Resultatet visade att en högre andel av eleverna som fått traditionell klassrumsundervisning klarade minneskunskapsfrågor än de som hade fått utomhuspedagogik. Resultatet visade också att en högre andel av provsvaren från eleverna som hade haft utomhuspedagogik var mer utvecklade, samt att en högre andel av dessa elever klarade en av kunskapsfrågorna som var inriktade på förståelse. Slutsatserna som kan dras från denna studie är att traditionell klassrumsundervisning stödjer att eleverna lär sig minneskunskap och här finns möjligheter för läraren att styra vilka kunskaper som eleverna får. Undersökningen ger delvis stöd för att utomhuspedagogik stödjer att eleverna får med sig mer förståelsekunskap än vid traditionell klassrumsundervisning. När eleverna studerar organismer i verkligheten och aktivt styr sin kunskapsinlärning får de större möjlighet att utveckla sin kunskap.

  • Hadzic, Jasmina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning.
    Björkhag, Sofie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning.
    Att förebygga psykisk ohälsa i förskolan: En undersökning om erfarenheter och utmaningar bland pedagoger2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att göra en undersökning av pedagogers erfarenhet av att möta barn som befinner sig i psykisk ohälsa på förskolan. I studien har vi genomfört en enkätundersökning som besvarats av 44 verksamma pedagoger samt intervju i fokusgrupp med fem deltagare. Resultatet visar att pedagoger har viss erfarenhet av att möta barn i psykisk ohälsa. Det behövs verktyg, kunskap och förebyggande metoder för att nå och arbeta med psykisk ohälsa i förskolan. I studien framgår det att pedagoger behöver arbeta med förebyggande insatser och i ett nära samarbete med andra professioner samt familj för att stötta barn som befinner sig i psykisk ohälsa.

     

    I samhället finns idag ett stigma kopplat till psykisk ohälsa som leder till att människor inte vill visa eller berätta att de är drabbade av psykisk ohälsa. Psykisk ohälsa är något som är påverkat av samhällets attityder, okunskap samt fördomar. Detta är något som kan resultera i att människor väljer att dölja sina beteenden för att inte uppfattas avvika.

    Barn på förskolan hamnar i sammanhang där de snabbt lär sig vilka beteenden som anses vara rätta och vilka beteenden som utmärker sig som negativa. Detta är en av faktorerna som påverkar pedagogers förutsättningar för att upptäcka psykisk ohälsa på förskolan.

     

    Psykisk ohälsa kan leda till oro, utbrott och hyperaktivitet hos barn och behöver därför lyftas fram och för att diskuteras med hjälp av det normkritiska perspektivet, där fokus läggs på att se barnets rop på hjälp och utifrån det utmana och förändra verksamheten så att ett tillåtande klimat råder för alla. Det är även väsentligt att utmana de normer som finns satta för att skapa goda förutsättningar. Barn som inte får stöd kan utveckla fortsatta svårigheter i vuxen ålder, därför behöver de vara i goda sammanhang där de uppfattar sin tillvaro som sammanhängande och begriplig för att uppnå hälsa framför ohälsa och utifrån det få ökad känsla av sammanhang, KASAM.

  • Winding, Jonathan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Samma händelse, olika förklaringar: En komparativ studie av läroböcker gällande inbördeskrigen i forna Jugoslavien 2019Student paper other, 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose with this essay has been to compare four different schoolbooks, for 7th to - 9 th grade, from four different publishers. Due to the essay range, it only focuses on the description of the civil war in former Yugoslavia. The schoolbooks have been written according to the guidelines of the newest curriculum plan (Lgr 2011). The results of this dissertation show how there are significant differences between the schoolbooks. Key actors in the wars and their description differ between the books. Another difference is the commencement year of the conflict and the number over refugees accounted for. One important finding made, is the degree of neutrality distinguishes from book to book. One of them have chosen to exclude all the actors and countries while other books chooses to include them

  • Lindahl, Mats
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Chemistry and Biomedical Sciences.
    Folkesson, Anne-Mari
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education and Teacher's Practice.
    Zeidler, Dana L.
    University of South Florida, USA.
    Students' recognition of educational demands in the context of a socioscientific issues curriculum2019In: Journal of Research in Science Teaching, ISSN 0022-4308, E-ISSN 1098-2736, ISSN 0022-4308, p. 1-28Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Students’ difficulties in interpreting what counts as knowledge have been addressed in past research on science education. The implementation of progressivist pedagogy in terms of more student-active classroom practice and the introduction of a variety of discourses into the science classroom deepens students’ difficulties.The integration of different forms and demands of knowledge and discourses typified by Science-in-Context initiatives, such as within the Socioscientific framework, exemplifies this development in science education. Here, the diffuse boundaries between school subjects and other silos of knowledge leads to considerable difficulties for students to interpret what is expected from them. Such contexts having diffuse boundaries between, for example, subject discourses and other fonts of knowledge, have been describes as contexts with weak classification. The present study aims to explore students’ interpretation of what knowledge or meaning they are requested to produce in contexts with weak classification, here exemplified withinan SSI-task. We use Bernstein’s concepts of recognition rulesand classificationto analyse how 15-16 year-old students develop their discussions in groups of 4-6 students. This study reports how students’ recognitionof the educational demands enabled integration of different discourses in their discussion, and that the use of both universalistic and particularistic meanings can produce new understandings. Students who had not acquired recognition ruleswere found to keep discourses apart, expressed either as rejection of the relevance of the task, answering questions as in a traditional school task, or just exchange of personal opinions. Furthermore, they included discourses irrelevant to the issue.An important outcome of the study was that socioscientific thinking was hampered when students kept universalistic and particularistic meanings apart. This hampering results from the inhibition of dynamic exploration during SSI discussions. The results provide new insights with relevance for teachers’ guiding students towards a fruitful SSI-discourse.