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  • Pålstam, Alexander
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    What are the Difficulties in Settling the South China Sea Dispute: Obstacles to Dispute Settlement Through the Lens of Liberal and Neo-Realist IR Theory2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sovereignty over the South China Sea waters and the territorial features therein has been a contentious issue since at least the 1970’s, with conflicting claims going back even further. Key concepts of Liberal and Neo-Realist International Relations Theory are used to assess respective theory’s explanatory capability for why the South China Sea Dispute is difficult to settle. The scope of the study is limited to three pairings of international relations: China-Philippines, China-Vietnam and China-USA. The analysis concerns the development of these sets of international relations from 2016 up until now. The findings point to unilateral action by one claimant in the face of contesting claims by another as being one of the main factors perpetuating the conflict. Treaties and international law are designed with Liberal development of international relations in mind, but in practice Neo-Realist hard power politics interrupts this development. Examples of disruptive action include attempts to unilaterally exploit natural resources in the region, settling features in the sea, doing construction work on features in the sea, as well as regular FONOPS conducted by navy ships in the region. Finally, there are difficulties settling on a mechanism for sovereignty settlement, as China makes its claims based on historic- or historical claims, rather than international law as it is written out in UNCLOS.

  • Aksak, Rona Isabelle
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Status konsolidering: Turkiet: En fallstudie om utmaningarna för en konsolideringsprocess i Turkiet.2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Turkey is one of the most powerful and influential nations in the Middle East with many

    important alliances, but what is the status of the democracy in the country? This thesis

    aims to explain the challenges towards a consolidation process in Turkey. A case study

    is used as a methodology and the research question is analysed with the help of the

    theoretical framework from Juan Linz and Alfred Stepans with their five consolidation

    arenas. The analysis examines the civil society, political society, economic society, rule

    of law and state bureacracy in Turkey. These five arenas indicates to which extent the

    consolidation difficulties exists. The results shows that many internal factors, with civil

    liberties in danger, has complicated the democratic consolidation. The country’s history

    with several military coups and ongoing battles with the kurdish guerilla PKK has also

    kept back the democracy.

  • Ringström, Anna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    The Messages from the Populist Radical Right: A Comparison of European Right-Wing Populist Parties’ Ideological Core 2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the paper is to do a quantitative comparison of the manifestos from a number of European parties that are being put in a mutual party family often referred to as “radical right-wing populist”. The main primary source is the Comparative Manifesto Project database from which the data was gathered for analysis. A number of variables which operationalise typical traits of the party family were picked from the codebook of the database and the parties’ values of these variables were compared and presented in diagrams. Through the analysis it was shown that the parties vary to a great extent in what they put the greatest focus on in their manifestos. It could also be concluded that even parties which had similar values in one category still brought it up from different angles. The essay also brings up suggestions for future research within the same area of research.

  • Krasniqi, Blerina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Albaniens process mot en konsoliderad demokrati: En kvalitativ fallstudie av Albaniens demokratiutveckling2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study will examine the democratic development of Albania. The purpose is to analyze the Albanian regime's preconditions for a consolidated democracy also what speaks for and against a development, through three different factors that are central to achieving a consolidated democracy. To achieve the purpose of the study, a qualitative method has been chosen where the study is applied to a case-study. The theory of consolidated democracy where used to analyze Albania’s case. The result shows that political arenas' internal conflicts have contributed to unstable political institutions and reforms for several years after the fall of the Communist. Civil society has for a long time been affected by politicization, but Albania's most serious problem is the extensive corruption. For Albania to be able to achieve a consolidated democracy, it requires the country to tackle corruption and the judicial system that is subject to high levels of corruption. The conclusion is that the three shortcomings have contributed to Albania's slow development towards a consolidated democracy.

  • Ansar, Jasmin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Modernisation and Mongolia: A case study on Inglehart’s and Welzel’s modernisation theory and the democratisation of Mongolia2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is a theory testing study that aims to examine to what extent modernisation promotes democratisation. This is done by applying and testing aspects of Inglehart’s and Welzel’s revised modernisation theory to a case study of a specific country, namely Mongolia. The aspects studied are 1) trust in politicians and the political system, 2) how widespread literacy is within the nation and 3) the mass belief among the Mongolian people.

    The study shows that elements of each aspect are present in Mongolia and that they have indeed influenced the country’s democratisation.

    The study concludes by summarising the result of each aspect and stating that Mongolia’s democracy is still developing.

  • Alftberg, Jenny
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    EU:s demokratiska underskott: En teorikonsumerande fallstudie om Lissabonfördragets åtgärder och resultat2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The question regarding the democratic deficit has been a heavily debated issue for decades and is still present in contemporary literature. In the light of Brexit and the increase of Euroscepticism around the continent, the question regarding democracy is essential for the European union to obtain legitimacy. This essay aims to address the democratic deficit as a concept, the Lisbon treaty’s efforts to reduce the democratic deficit, and finally, examine if the democratic deficit has been reduced as a result to the implementation of the Treaty of Lisbon.  The study identifies the issue regarding the democratic deficit in five major subjects; demos, integration, participation, transparency and accountability. Many of the efforts helps reducing the deficit in some regards, but never to a full extent. The ordinary legislative procedure, the citizen’s initiative, the of granting more power to national parliaments, more transparency and assuring protection of human rights by law makes the EU more democratic, but not fully.  The issue regarding accountability, participation and especially transparency remains a problem, despite the Treaty of Lisbon’s efforts. This study shows that some parts of the EU simply can’t be made more democratic.

  • Torsell Starud, Alexandra
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages.
    Shopping for an I: Consumer identities in The Bluest Eye by Toni Morrison and The Hate U Give by Angie Thomas2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis investigates to role consumerism plays when young, black, underclass characters try to build their identities in Toni Morrison’s The Bluest Eye (1970) and Angie Thomas’ The Hate U Give (2017). Through implementing intersectional analysis and postcolonial theory this essay discusses how social positions are read and understood in a mass culture that heavily favours the visual. In this culture we are all judged by our appearance and I will argue that for the poor, black, female characters in the novels, that means being the underdogs of consumer culture. Although the two novels are published half a century apart, both relate to consumer culture and how it affects the African-American community. In addition, each of the novels are produced during a wave of black uprising and strong civil rights movements. In Morrison’s novel the characters are left longing for the looks and lifestyle of white Americans, emphasising the need of the social movement’s claim ‘Black is Beautiful’. In Thomas’ novel there are a multitude of consumer objects that are coded black, such as Jordan sneakers and hip hop-music. Yet, the police shooting of young Khalil cannot be avoided by the success ‘Black is Beautiful’ brought in terms of commercialising blackness. The shooting instead brings attention to 2017’s great campaign ‘Black Lives Matter’. What is similar in both novels is that the characters, who find themselves othered in Western discourse, strive to become someone recognised as a subject, a Self. In the quest to move beyond the stereotypes ascribed to them, almost all the characters long for goods that signal their social position as someone who has succeeded, living the American Dream. Yet, in Morrison’s novel there is a critique against capitalism and consumerism, an idea that you cannot consume a subject position in a racist society. That kind of critique against capitalism is absent in Thomas’ novel.

  • Shehu, Benjamin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Vilka korruptionssyndrom påverkas Kosovo av?: En fallstudie om korruptionen i Kosovo2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Corruption is a global phenomenon were countries get involved socially, politically and economically.1 Corrupted actions in one country don’t need to be seen as corruption in another country, the law on what is considered corruption differs. The empirical analysis which I used is a qualitative theory-consuming research design with Kosovo as case in center. The essay’s research question is Which corruption syndromes does Kosovo get affected by? The essay explains in which way corruption affects Kosovo by Johnston corruption syndrome. Johnston uses influence markets, elite cartels, oligarchs and clans and official moguls as different corruption syndromes, to explain diverse corruption. Influence markets handle uses of wealth to search influence within political and administrative institutions. Elite cartels consist of politicians, bureaucrats, military and ethnic leaders who distribute the benefits of corruption among themselves. Oligarchs and clans handle organized crime, officials and corrupted politicians who use political power and violence to get their will through. Political figures within official moguls “set the frame” for which direction societies shall strive. Kosovo, I find is undergoing official moguls-syndrome corruption because of its occurrences which show that those who are involved in corruption cases have connections to senior politicians.

  • Li, Junqiu
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Physical and Mechanical Properties of Medite® MDF Exterior from Acetylated Wood Fibers2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Currently, the demand for wood-based panels has been growing solidly in European countries. Medium density fibreboard (MDF) manifests the potentialities for outstanding physical and mechanical properties. However, MDF from different fiber sources is normally designed for internal applications due to the poor moisture resistant capability. This study was conducted on acetylated MDF (Medite® MDF Exterior) to evaluate how physical (i.e. density, moisture content, dimensional stability, thickness swelling) and mechanical (i.e. modulus of elasticity, internal bonding strength before and after accelerated aging, bending stiffness and bending strength) properties behave at different relative humidity (i.e. 35 %, 65 % and 85 % RH at constant temperature of 20 ℃) levels. Bending stiffness was measured non-destructively by means of resonance method. The material used for control samples was commercial MDF. The size, quantity, conditioning and test method were followed in accordance with respective standards. The results showed that physical and mechanical properties were less influenced by Medite® MDF Exterior compared to commercial MDF. Medite® MDF Exterior were superior to commercial MDF in moisture resistance. Medite® MDF Exterior had more stable mechanical properties than commercial MDF with the changes of relative humidity.

  • Karlsson, Patrik
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Larsson, Oscar
    Widéen, Sebastian
    VR som komplement i projekteringsfasen2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I examensarbetet undersöks användningen av VR som komplement i projekteringsfasen. Arbetet syftar till att skapa en smidig inkörningsfas, testa tekniken på ett verkligt projekt samt att hitta ett koncept kring utrustning, mjukvaror och hårdvaror som är lämpligt för BSV Arkitekter & Ingenjörer samt liknande företag.

    Problemet som arbetet grundar sig i är att få antal företag använder VR eftersom branschen är konservativ men också för att tekniken är relativt ny. I arbetet har metoder som intervjuer, litteratursökning och tester använts.

    I resultatet finns personliga intervjuer, teoretisk data, tester av utrustning och test av VR på ett verkligt projekt. Teknikens tillämpning på ett verkligt projekt gjorde undersökningen unik och givande för företag som är intresserade av att testa tekniken.

    Nyckelord: Virtual Reality (VR), Projekteringsfas, Kommunikation, Byggbranschen

  • Diessler, Matias
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Guldersson, Lukas
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Effektivisering av kylprocessen vid anodisering av aluminiumprofiler2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Anodiseringsanläggningar förbrukar stora mängder elektricitet som omsätts i värme. Samtidigt kräver processen en konstant temperatur på cirka 20 °C för att ytskiktet som bildas ska hålla en jämn kvalitét. Nedkylningen av baden är därför kritisk och där finns möjligheter att effektivisera ur ett energi och tillförlitlighetsperspektiv. Genom att få bättre kännedom om processen kan kostsamma produktionsavbrott undvikas samtidigt som möjligheten att optimera parametrarna för energiåtervinningen kan undersökas. En viktig utmaning är att det med tiden byggs upp beläggningar på plattvärmeväxlarnas ytor, så kallad fouling, som minskar värmeväxlarnas kyleffekt. Studien har därför fokuserat på att mäta och beräkna foulingnivåer för att kunna förutsäga nödvändiga serviceintervaller samt öka tillförlitligheten. Metoden i den här rapporten grundar sig på datainsamling från mätinstrument som registrerar temperaturer och flöden ur produktionssystemet. Den information som samlats in har därefter att analyseras statistiskt och matematiskt. Resultatet visar att det går att följa systemets utveckling antingen med hjälp av filtrerade medelvärden och styrdiagram, eller genom att anpassa matematiska funktioner härledda ur teorin. Fördelen med att anpassa funktioner är att dessa kan användas för att extrapolera systemets k-värden i framtiden. Vidare föreslås möjliga åtgärder för att förebygga fouling i framtiden.

  • Skarp, Jerry
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Sarvit, Jake
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Analys av bärförmåga och lastöverförande förband i prefabricerade bostads-volymelement av KL-trä: Analysis of bearing capacity and load transferring connections in prefabricated residential volumetric elements of CLT2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, a building produced with volume modules with a load bearing CLT-system is analyzed. Results from the analysis of how loads affect the building are compared with results from the corresponding analysis of a conventionally produced volumetric element and how vertical loads as well as wind loads affect its design. In the study, the forces that the building is exposed to are examined and the connection between wall and floor joints is designed. The forces and torque a construction built up of volume modules is exposed to are also presented. In the study the connection between the floor joints and the supporting wall is designed according to Eurocode. A comparison is presented with respect to the load carrying capacity of a volume module with CLT and a conventional load bearing frame.

  • Möllervärn, Elin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Konstruktionen av kvinnor och män i ett modemagasin: En kvalitativ studie ur ett genusperspektiv2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine how men and women were portrayed in a fashion magazine through time. Magazines convey pictures of gender through both text and image, which subconsciously affects us in the daily life.

    The study examines a total of 17 reportages from the year 2008 and 2018. A critical discourse analysis constitutes the study’s methodological framework, combined with a semiotic analysis. After I separately examined men and women in the fashion magazine Damernas värld, I compared them to get a result of how the magazine portrayed the genders in different ways. The differences were relatively big in how the magazine portrayed women in 2008 and 2018. There were also a noticeable difference in how the magazine portrayed men in the different periods. The results show that the way women were portrayed in 2008, were similar to how the magazine portrayed men in 2018. There were also similarities in the portrayal of men in 2008 to women in 2018. 

    The result indicates that the magazine followed existing cultural gender norms in 2008, but has taken a different path in 2018.

  • Jeppsson, Malin
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Nilsson, Anna-Karin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    “det var svårt i början, men jag tycker ändå att jag har fått ett bra stöd”: Nyutexaminerade barnmorskors upplevelse av stöd från barnmorskekollegor2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In the new profession as a midwife in a new work environment with new colleagues and work tasks, the need of support from colleagues is an important aspect in the transition from a midwife student to a licensed midwife. Research shows that newly graduated midwives need a structured support but there is no such thing as a mentor program.

    Aim: The aim of the study was to illustrate the newly graduated midwives experience of support from midwives in different delivery wards in south Sweden.

    Method: Individual interviews were conducted with eight newly graduated midwives working in different delivery wards. The method of choice was a qualitative analysis with an inductive approach (Creswell & Creswell, 2018), which resulted in four themes.

    Results: The newly graduated midwives are in the need of support and feedback to feel comfortable in the new role as a midwife, which they do not get in the extent they wish for. The access to a mentor during the first year was a positive aspect to reflect and to get feedback from. An open work environment and to be acknowledged was important, were more organization and feedback was needed. A structured mentorship was wished for.

    Conclusion: Support do exist but can be improved with more acknowledgement and feedback, where a structured mentor program could be an asset. The social support is a part of the work environment but since there are deficiencies in the support there is a risk that the newly graduated midwife does not feel confident in his or her new profession.

  • Berg, Edith
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Axelsson, Maria
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Vem ska ge mig stöd, uppmuntran och kärlek?: En litteraturstudie om att leva i en parrelation med någon som har Alzheimers sjukdom2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Alzheimer’s disease is the fourth most common cause of death in Sweden and is also called the relative’s disease. Alzheimer has a big impact on everyday life, not only for the one affected by the disease but also for the relatives. Aim: The aim with the study was to illustrate a partner’s experiences of being in a relationship with a person affected by Alzheimer’s disease. Method: Qualitative literature study based on autobiographies, analyzed with manifest content analysis according to Graneheim and Lundman’s method. Result: The disease results in changes in the relationship and everyday life, the healthy partner has to take on a new role and new responsibilities in the relationship. The healthy partner is exposed to a big burden which impacts health. The partner has to find new strategies to be able to manage everyday life. Conclusion: Living with a person affected by Alzheimer’s disease means changes in everyday life that can decrease the wellbeing of the partner and the health care system has an important task to facilitate the couple’s life.

  • Nilsson Walldén, Ebba
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Fredriksson, Erika
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    "Allt förändras!": En litteraturstudie över livspartners erfarenheter av att leva med en bröstcancersjuk kvinna.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Bröstcancer är den vanligaste cancerformen bland kvinnor världen över. Det är väl beforskat hur kvinnan upplever sin sjukdom. Forskningen visar att även livspartnern påverkas i samband med kvinnans sjukdom. Med grund i familjefokuserad omvårdnad är det därmed angeläget att även inkludera livspartnern i vården.

    Syfte: Att belysa livspartners erfarenheter av att leva tillsammans med en bröstcancersjuk kvinna.

    Metod: En litteraturstudie genomfördes baserat på 12 vetenskapliga artiklar från databaserna Cinahl och PsycINFO.Resultat: Resultatet sammanställdes i tre kategorier med sju underrubriker. De tre kategorierna var Förändrade roller, Känslomässiga reaktioner samt Behov av stöd. Det framkom att förändrade roller, känslomässiga faktorer och stöd utifrån utgjorde livspartners främsta erfarenheter av att leva tillsammans med en bröstcancersjuk kvinna.

    Slutsats: Resultatet visar att livspartner erfar påverkan på livet i stor utsträckning. Förändringarna som livspartnern upplever är omfattande, både känslomässigt och socialt. Eftersom livspartnern påverkas av den bröstcancersjuka kvinnans sjukdom bör sjuksköterskan se paret som en helhet enligt familjefokuserad omvårdnad. På så sätt gynnas både livspartnerns och kvinnans välmående.

  • Quinteros, Evelyn
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages.
    Obra teatral: Júpiter Discurso ideológico a través de la literatura2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study, Jupiter, a theatre play: an ideological discourse through literature, is based upon the play written by Francisco Gavidia that tells the story of the Salvadoran nation, which after having lived many decades under the Spanish yoke, is organized with the help of the Creole elite, in order to obtain independence. For Francisco Gavidia it is important to raise awareness of the importance of freedom in the Salvadoran population.

    The objective of this work is to analyze the main characters in order to identify the existence of an ideological message in the drama, Jupiter. To accomplish this purpose, we have used some drama concepts established by García Barrientos 2007; some other concepts based on the narrative theory by Mieke Bal (1995), and the theory of the Historical Novel explained by Fernández (2003); both theories have served as a tool to facilitate and deepen the study of the characters, some structural elements, and ideological discourse that we find in this literary work.

    Our study has focused on the analysis of the main characters, both fictional and historical, with the main character being a black slave: Jupiter. This figure represents the Salvadoran population that has lived several decades under the Spanish yoke. Then we find the figure of the woman embodied in the character named Blanca. This character plays the role of a passive woman, since she has no voice or power, and she is seen as an object through which the male characters can obtain power and material wealth. Another fictional character is Beltranena who represents the Spanish power in Salvadoran territory during the Colonial era. Finally, there are two historical figures who serve the purpose of leaders in the planning and execution of the rebellion to acquire the freedom for the people. Our hypothesis has been corroborated, since according to our analysis the characters deliver an ideological message, because the author exposes the ideology through the main characters.

  • Fransson, Rebecca
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Banner, Caroline
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Kvinnors upplevelser av att leva med bröstcancer: En kvalitativ litteraturstudie baserat på självbiografier2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Cirka 7550 kvinnor drabbades år 2016 av bröstcancer i Sverige. Tidigare studier visar att ett diagnosbesked upplevs som ett stort uppbrott hos kvinnorna vilket orsakar en förändrad livsvärld. Med en förbättrad kännedom om hur sjukdomen påverkar det dagliga livet kan förhoppningsvis sjuksköterskan få djupare insikt i individernas livsvärld för att kunna stödja dem i deras hälsoprocess.

    Syfte: Att belysa kvinnors upplevelser av att leva med bröstcancer.

    Metod: En litteraturstudie baserat på fem självbiografier användes med en kvalitativ metod och induktiv ansats. Materialet analyserades med hjälp av en manifest innehållsanalys som resulterade i elva underkategorier och fyra kategorier: känsloladdad sjukdom, behandlingens påverkan, vikten av stöd och livsförändring.

    Resultat: Resultatet visade att leva med bröstcancer upplevdes vara en påfrestande sjukdom, där det redan vid cancerbeskedet blev en stor omställning. Behandlingen medförde både fysiska och psykiska biverkningar, där de fick en ny kroppsidentitet. Att få stöd från närstående, sjukvården och andra bröstcancerdrabbade var av stor betydelse. När kvinnorna avslutat sin behandling upplevdes en otrygghet och där de ansåg att någon form av eftervård saknades. De hade även svårt att läka psykiskt då det alltid fanns en rädsla att drabbas av återfall. Resultatet visade också att sjukdomen förändrade deras vardag både positivt och negativt, där de fick insikt över hur viktigt livet var.

    Slutsats: Kvinnors upplevelse av att leva med bröstcancer innefattar en rad olika faktorer som påverkade deras liv i olika utsträckning. Där har sjuksköterskans professionella roll i omvårdnadsarbetet en viktig betydelse såsom att skapa en god vårdrelation, att synliggöra patientens behov samt att ge den information som krävs för att kunna stödja kvinnorna i återhämtningsprocessen. Eftersom det finns brister i eftervården anses det vara nödvändigt hos allmänsjuksköterskan att ta del av kvinnors erfarenheter av bröstcancerns påverkan, för att bidra till ytterligare kompetens.

  • Gustafsson Vrågård, Johanna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Vikten av kommunikation inom teamet i akutsjukvård: En intervjustudie från nyutexaminerade allmänsjuksköterskors perspektiv 2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Effektiv kommunikation inom teamet är avgörande för effektiv och säker vård. Sjuksköterskan ska skapa dialog inom teamet genom respekt, vara lyhörd och empatisk. Akutenheter är en kontext med hög stress vilket inverkar på kommunikationen. Kommunikation är en av de svåraste utmaningarna för nyutexaminerade allmänsjuksköterskor vilket inverkar på patientsäkerheten.

    Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva nyutexaminerade allmänsjuksköterskors erfarenhet av kommunikation inom teamet i akutsjukvård.

    Metod: En kvalitativ intervjustudie genomfördes med åtta semi-strukturerade intervjuer som analyserades med en kvalitativ manifest innehållsanalys.

    Resultat: Analysen resulterade i kategorierna; Kommunikationens utveckling, Betydelsen av ett öppet arbetsklimat, Kommunikationens viktiga komponenter och När kommunikationen brister. Genom att växa in i rollen som sjuksköterska beskrev de nyutexaminerade allmänsjuksköterskorna att kommunikationen inom teamet i akutsjukvård utvecklades. Ett öppet arbetsklimat bidrog ytterligare till denna utveckling. Kommunikationen inom teamet i akutsjukvård bestod av flera viktiga komponenter enligt de nyutexaminerade allmänsjuksköterskornas erfarenheter. Bristande kommunikation inom teamet i akutsjukvård var något de nyutexaminerade allmänsjuksköterskorna erfarit. Stress var bland annat en faktor som ledde till bristfällig kommunikation.

    Slutsatser: De nyutexaminerade allmänsjuksköterskornas erfarenheter av kommunikation inom teamet i akutsjukvård är många. Erfarenheterna kan vara anledningen till varför det är en svår utmaning. För att möjliggöra för och förbättra patientsäkerheten och arbetsklimatet är alla dessa erfarenheter viktiga att beakta.

  • Richardson-Owen, Esme
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages.
    Innovative quotatives - language change or youth-speak?: A corpus-based study of spoken British English2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates the possible effect of age on quotative variation in spoken British English with focus on the innovative quotative constructions be like and go and the standard construction say. The study is corpus-based and uses the Spoken British National Corpus 2014 as its material. Using the search tools provided in the corpus, datasets were restricted to include material from female speakers only and for each age-bracket in isolation. The results of the study were analysed in apparent time and through real time comparisons with previous studies. Similarly to previous studies, it was found that be like constructions are still favoured by young speakers, but the results also indicate that be like is used at higher frequencies among middle-aged speakers than previous studies have demonstrated. This indicates that be like is indeed an example of language change and not just an age-graded feature. The second innovative quotative investigated was go. The frequency distribution demonstrated by go was very different to that of be like. The results indicate that the ratio of go in comparison to be like (and say) have decreased drastically in the past twenty years when the results of the present study were compared to previous studies. This may indicate that the presence of two or more quotative variants within a speaker community may lead to the reduction in use of one of these variants due to "linguistic competition". The results of this study strengthen previous arguments that the presence of be like may lead to a decrease in the use of quotative go. The standard form say is still the most common variant for most age-brackets, apart from adolescent and young-adult speakers. However, in comparison to earlier studies the ratios of say have decreased for middle-aged speakers and younger. This may be due to an increased choice of quotative variants which are available to the speaker.

  • Widegren, Johannes
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages.
    The Laughter of Literature: A diachronic study of the social functions of laughter in British literature2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates the historical development of the social functions of laughter in literature using linguistic analysis. Many previous studies have analyzed the connection between humor and laughter, but very few have looked at laughter in literature. In this paper, using the eight social functions of laughter defined by Foot and McCreaddie (2007), instances of the word laugh and its variants were analyzed in canonical British literature from the 14th century to the 21st and then compared. In the literature investigated, derision laughter was the most common function during the 15th through 17th centuries. In the centuries to follow humorous laughter took that position. An explanation for this could be that there was no clear division between derision laughter and humorous laughter until the 18th century (Classen, 2010). Also noted was an increase in the frequency of instances of laughter per 1000 words since the 17th century in the investigated literature, as well as an increase in variation of social functions used. The low frequency of laughter in the past may have been a result of the teachings of the church in England. The increased variation in functions of laughter could indicate that the pragmatic feature of laughter has acquired new functions, or that some functions were not depicted in the older literature of this study.

  • Classon, Josefin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Är nationell säkerhet fortfarande nationell säkerhet?: En teoriprövande fallstudie av Ulrich Becks World Risk Society's antaganden om terrorrisken.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to test the credibility of Ulrich Becks World risk society theory’s theoretical assumptions about global terrorism's and the terrorist threat’s impact on the nation state’s security policy. To reach an answer a case study with a theory-testing method has been used to test the credibility of the theory. The theory has been tested on the security policy and actions in the US after the 9/11 terror attacks 2001.

    The thesis can conclude that Ulrich Beck's assumption and hypotheses about the terrorist threat and that it has undermined the traditional forms of security policy and encroached on states opportunities to combat national threats through unilateral acts, have shown different degrees of influence on US security policy since 9/11 2001 up to and including 2016. Overall, Ulrich Beck's WRS theory assumptions that the terrorist threat undermines the nation state's possibilities for individual national security policy can be validated by specific elements but weakened by others.

  • Molin, Elvira
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Eriksson, Frida
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Patienters emotionella upplevelser av att ställas inför organtransplantation och dess efterförlopp: en litteraturstudie2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Organ transplantation is a life-saving intervention that is carried out when no other treatment options exist. The patient is facing a lifelong treatment with immunosuppressive drugs to reduce the risk of rejection. It is an emotionally demanding experience for the patients and their families are in need of support from the nurse.

    Aim: The purpose was to describe patients' emotional experiences before and after organ transplantation.

    Method: A literature study based on qualitative nursing science articles.

    Result: Four categories were identified, Gratitude and guilt at the same time, Experience of support, Emotional roller coaster and Concern with associated subcategories.

    Conclusion: Organ transplantation was generally a tumultuous experience unique to each patient. The nurse needs more knowledge to contribute to good care since patients' experiences before and after organ transplantation are relatively unexplored.

    Keywords: Life experience, recipient, organ transplantation, patient, experience.

  • Garnegård, Julia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mathematics.
    Heideman, Frida
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mathematics.
    Undervisning som möter behoven hos elever med fallenhet för matematik2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna systematiska litteraturstudie är att kartlägga vilka undervisningsmetoder lärare använder sig av för att utmana elever med fallenhet för matematik i årskurs 4–6. Följande frågeställningar besvaras: Hur definieras begreppet elever med fallenhet för matematik i tidigare forskning? Vad framkommer i tidigare forskning om vilka undervisningsmetoder lärare använder för att möta behoven hos elever med fallenhet för matematik? Forskningen som granskats har sökts fram ur forskningsdatabaser och därefter analyserats utifrån sitt innehåll. Följande slutsatser har dragits ur litteraturstudien: En elev med fallenhet för matematik har en förmåga som ligger långt över det normala, en stark inre motivation och uthållighet samt en matematisk kreativitet. Det finns flera undervisningemetoder att tillämpa för att möta behoven hos dessa elever. De undervisningsmetoder som framkommer är: problemlösning, differentiering, nivågruppering, acceleration, berikning och mathematical writing. Dessa bör kombineras och varieras för att undervisningen ska utmana elever med fallenhet för matematik.

  • Aronsson, Fredrica
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mathematics.
    Henningsson, Carl
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mathematics.
    Holgersson, Linnea
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mathematics.
    Att utveckla sitt lärande genom andra: En forskningsöversikt om kollaborativt och kooperativt lärande i matematik2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna studie har intresset varit att utforska hur kollaborativt och kooperativt lärande påverkar elevers lärande i matematik. Fokus har varit att undersöka vad tidigare forskning har kommit fram till gällande positiva och negativa resultat från att använda kollaborativa och kooperativa lärprocesser i matematikundervisningen. Underlaget till studien består av 18 forskningsartiklar som är relevanta för syftet och frågeställningarna. All forskning som ligger till grund för studien är internationell och har granskats noggrant för att finna relevanta liknelser till den svenska skolan.

    Resultatet visar att kollaborativt och kooperativt arbetssätt kan påverka elevers lärande i matematik både positivt och negativt. De positiva resultaten som framkommer är att eleverna utvecklar sin strategiförmåga och sin resonemangsförmåga, och att arbetssätten även bidrar till en högre motivation hos eleverna. De negativa resultaten är att eleverna hindras från att komma vidare i sin matematiska process när det kollaborativa och kooperativa lärandet inte fungerar. Det framgår tydligt att läraren behöver ha kunskap och vara medveten om denna påverkan. Det går inte att förvänta sig att arbetssättet ska ha en direkt positiv påverkan på elevernas lärande i matematik utan det är en process som ständigt måste balanseras med ledning och stöttning från läraren. När eleverna har automatiserat arbetssättets sociala regler kan det bli ett gynnsamt arbetssätt där eleverna kan fokusera på sitt egna lärande.

  • Tagesson, Ida
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Lindahl, Anna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Modersmål i förskolan: En kvalitativ studie om förskollärares arbetssätt och strategier2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka hur förskollärare resonerar kring betydelsen av barns modersmål och hur de arbetar med modersmålsutveckling i barngrupper med många olika modersmål. Enligt läroplanen för förskolan har alla barn rätt till stöd i modersmålsutveckling och det framkommer även i skollagen. De frågeställningar som studien utgår från behandlar hur förskollärare resonerar kring modersmålets betydelse, vilka verktyg och strategier som används i arbetet och de utmaningar de ställs inför i stöttandet av barns modersmål i barngrupper där många olika modersmål finns representerade. Studien bygger på kvalitativ metod där sju förskollärare från tre olika kommuner har intervjuats. Det sociokulturella perspektivet och centrala begrepp ligger till grund för analysen. Det framkommer hur förskollärarna resonerar kring modersmålets betydelse för barns språkutveckling och att förskollärarna använder olika strategier och verktyg i arbetet med barns modersmål. Alla förskollärare i studien använder föräldrar i stöttandet av modersmålet då de inte kan språket. Andra hjälpmedel som böcker, bilder och spel används för att främja barns språkutveckling. Det framkommer även att det är en utmaning för förskollärarna då det inte finns något uttalat arbetsätt och att det är en brist på tillgång på konkret material. 

  • Göransson, Alice
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Eke-Göransson, Ellinor
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    En drakes bildval: En semiotisk bildanalys av Aftonbladets bildval på webben och i den tryckta tidningen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the image selection in the swedish newspaper Aftonbladet during three daysWe wanted to know what kind of images Aftonbladet choosed to publish in the printed newspaper and in the corresponding articles on the web. Through a semiotic image analysis we were able to analyze what images Aftonbladet choosed to publish and what the images signaled. We were also looking for differences and similarities in the image selection so we compared what kind of different images the newspaper where using on the web and in the printed newspaper.

    We analyzed three  pages from two newspapers in June, and the associated web articles, which gave us a total of 50 photos to analyze.

    Through the analysis we found that most of the images could speak to the observer's pathos, that is, emotions. The result also showed that Aftonbladet used more sensational journalism on images of people in the printed newspaper compared to the web. The similarities we found mainly concerned that there were many of the images that were the same on the web and the printed newspaper. The differences we found mainly concerned that there were many more images on the web than in the printed newspaper and the pictures were also much bigger at the website. We hope that our study will provide an in-depth understanding of the importance of the image in the news context and contribute to the journalistic research field.

  • Lindwall Ek, Louise
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Agenda 2030 i Chile: Från ord till handling: En fallstudie om den chilenska regeringens ambition att implementera FN:s globala hållbarhetsmål nummer 5 - Uppnå jämställdhet och alla kvinnors och flickors egenmakt2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In 2015 the United Nations adopted an action plan named Agenda 2030. The plan contains 17 global sustainable development goals and 169 sub-goals; all of which are aimed towards creating a sustainable future within the spheres of the three cornerstones of sustainability; social, environmental, and economical by the year of 2030. 

    The aim of this paper is to examine the prerequisites for the Chilean government in implementing the UN's goal number five: reach gender equality. What are their ambitions? What are the biggest challenges? Which strategy does the government have to manage the challenges of the implementation process?

    The analysis has been conducted through a qualitative field study based on various documents, and is complemented by experts' interviews.  

    The method used is theory consuming and relies on Lennart Lundquist's implementation theory 'Understand, can and will' (1992).  Lundquist believes that the will is the most important factor for implementing a policy. The Chilean government shows both an understanding of what is needed and the resources that are needed.  The question is, do they possess the will it takes to overcome the obstacles they face?

  • Lindgren, Johannes
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    EU som Säkerhetsaktör: En kvalitativ textanalys om unionens anti-terrorverksamhet mellan år 2013-20172019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    EU has in the past years suffered from several terrorist attacks where over a hundred persons died only in the first half of 2017. As a response to these attacks EU has been provided, through recent treaties, with an increased number of tools to counter terrorism. This has raised questions regarding which actor shall provide the security for the citizens of Europe, the EU or the Nation state? The purpose with this study is to analyse the measures and strategies which the EU has been implementing between 2013-2017. Two main questions are formulated: To what extent are EUs measures and strategies between 2013-2017 characterised by hard and soft governance? How can these measures and strategies be understood from an integration perspective?

    This qualitative study is based on theories about hard/soft governance and on the theory of neofunctionalism. The results show an increasing use of hard governance methods in countering terrorism through a more supra-national approach. An increased integration took place partly because of a spillover effect and lack of belief in national solutions to the problem. However, the union’s member states still enjoy great influence in countering terrorism and they still have a big responsibility in protecting their citizens.

  • Klügel, Victor
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    EU:s kamp mot terrorism: En studie om hur EU:s politik mot terrorism 2015– 2017 kan förstås utifrån realism2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study will examine the European Union and its politics towards terrorism between the years of 2015-2017. To help with this, this study uses the theory realism to investigate to what extent the European Union and its politics match with realism. This study shows that the politics from the EU towards terrorism has some realistic elements and, in some areas, it is very clear that the politics from the EU towards terrorism is realistic. However, in some areas the politics do not match with realism and one example of this is the European unions will to prevent and cooperate rather than using military means. To get result this study looked at the politics that was made by the European Union between the years of 2015-2017 and was then able to compare this to the theory of realism. The time period was chosen because of the number of terrorist attacks and because the bigger threats. It is then interesting to examine how the EU:s politics towards terrorism changed because of the threats and attacks. 

  • Witoft, Evelina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    UNPROFOR i Srebrenica: En fallstudie av FN-styrkans måluppfyllelse och bieffekter i fallet Srebrenica2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The situation in Bosnia and Hercegovina escalated in 1992 and resulted in a war which lasted until 1995, when the end of the war was marked by the signing of the Dayton agreement. The war consisted of conflict between the different groups within the country, with ethnic cleansing as one of the methods being used. In order to keep the peace in the region, the United Nations established the United Nations Protection Force in Yugoslavia. The UNPROFOR were at first meant to keep the peace within Croatia, but as the war broke out in 1992, parts of the force were repositioned to Bosnia.

    The purpose of this essay is to evaluate whether the UN and UNPROFOR managed to reach the goals set for the intervention in the town of Srebrenica, which was the first city in Bosnia to receive the status as a ”safe area”. In order to establish wheter the goals were met and the effects they had, the instrument of analysis consists of two evaluation models. The goal of the essay is to reach an understanding of the goals of the intervention and to provide with an analysis which can provide with an understanding for this, and perhaps also other interventions conducted by the UN.

     

    In the final part of the essay, the presented material is discussed and analyzed in order to reach the purpose of the study. Concludingly the study finds that the goals for UNPROFOR in Srebrenica were not met.

  • Andersson, Joel
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Junckers krisretorik: En kvalitativ analys av Jean-Claude Junkcers tal2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines how the president of the EU-Commission, Jean-Claude Juncker, is using rhetorical figures in his annual State of The Union speech to describe certain situation and enhance their message. With a qualitative idea analysis together with a rhetorical analysis and Richard Vatz theory about the rhetorical situation, the study analyses four speeches made by Juncker at the European Parliament. The results show how Juncker describes certain situations to favour his own political agenda – a more united EU. The situations are often portrayed in a negative and pessimistic manner. To give these descriptions a better effect he uses a set of different rhetorical figures. The figures help in particular with repeating the importance of a specific message and to illustrate it and explain it better for the audience. 

  • Wahlgren, Hanna
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Samuelsson, Michaela
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Inskolning av barn med annat förstaspråk än svenska i förskolan: En kvalitativ studie av åtta förskollärares yrkeserfarenheter kring utmaningar och strategier 2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien syftar till att undersöka hur förskollärare arbetar med inskolning av barn med annat förstaspråk än svenska i förskolan. Syftet är även att undersöka vilka utmaningar förskollärarna upplever med att planera och skola in barnen samt hur förskollärarna arbetar för att möta dessa utmaningar. I studien har en kvalitativ metod med intervjuer av åtta förskollärare använts för att undersöka studiens syfte och frågeställningar. Den insamlade empirin bearbetas och analyseras utifrån begreppen anknytning, kommunikation och ur ett maktperspektiv. Det framkommer att förskollärarna under en inskolning ser tryggheten som det mest centrala, oavsett barnets förstaspråk. Under inskolningar av barn med annat förstaspråk än svenska finns vissa utmaningar. Här har förskollärarna själva fått hitta egna strategier för att lösa dessa. Den största utmaningen som förskollärarna ser vid inskolningar av barn med annat förstaspråk än svenska är när det saknas ett gemensamt språk att kunna delge information på, mellan vårdnadshavare och förskollärare. Resultatet styrks genom ett eller flera citat från empirin. I diskussionen framkommer det att det finns material kring hur arbetet med barns språklighet kan gå till. Material kring hur bemötandet och kommunikationen med vårdnadshavare som har annat förstaspråk än svenska saknas. Det finns inte heller översatta dokument med information till vårdnadshavarna att tillgå. Detta trots att förskollärarnas uppdrag är att skapa ett nära och förtroendefullt samarbete med barnens vårdnadshavare.

  • Mendoza Carcamo, Aida Maria
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Honduras demokratiska konsolidering: En fallstudie baserad på Linz och Stepans konsoliderings teori2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to investigate the democratic consolidation of Honduras, a country in Latin America. The aim is to look into the democratic consolidation after the military coup in 2009. The method that was applied to this essay was a case study, where the data is qualitative as the essay goes in to depth of Honduras situation.

    The main theory used to analyze the empirical data is Linz and Stepan’s five arenas; civil society, political society, rule of law, bureaucratic structure, and economic society. The basic stages of democracy and democratic consilidation are also used to get a broader perspective of the phenomenon. 

    The result of this essay shows the basis of Honduras democratic consilidation from 2009 and forward. In terms of the arenas this essay shows that none of the arenas prerequisite are meet. As a sign of the weak democracy in Honduras the essay identifies that the problems, which they had before the military coup, are still present. 

  • Lindvall, Veronica
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Förvaltningsstyrning och dess implementering : En studie om Karlskrona kommuns äldreomsorg2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine the management of Karlskrona municipality's elderly care. The aim is to examine how the management is related to the theory of New Public Management. In addition, the study will investigate how the administration's employees, in this case the caregiver, respond to the management. In order to investigate this, the steering characteristics that are described by Lennart Lundquist in his theory of implementation, can, wants and understand will play a central part in the study. The essay is a case study based on a qualitative method and semi-structured interviews were made with employees in Karlskrona municipality's home care. The analysis reveals that there were several ideas in the management of the municipality's elderly care that can be seen in relation to the theory of New public management. In addition, the analysis reveals that the caregivers to a certain extent can and wants to comply with the current management, but lacks regarding their understanding of the steering can be identified, which can be seen as a negative effect to the steering overall.

  • Borensved, Josephine
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Burtus Sevemar, Rebecca
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Hedlund, Markus
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Hantering av interna och externa variationer: En fallstudie kring implementering av TWI-JI på Holtab2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    När en process innehåller variationer är riskerna stora att den producerar kvalitetsbrister och är ineffektiv. Variationer kan orsakas av att operatörer arbetar på olika sätt och därför tar det olika tid för operatörerna att slutföra uppgiften. Oftast finns det även variationer i att slutföra uppgiften för samma operatör.Fallstudien är utförd med syfte att skapa djupare förståelse hur en förbättrad upplärning kan förenkla hanteringen av interna och externa variationer. Detta genom att utforma TWI-JI på en monteringsprocess.Genom att observera, intervjua och föra tidsstudier på fallföretaget togs en nulägesanalys fram. Genom att analysera den teoretiska samt empiriska data noggrant har de positiva effekterna av en implementering av en förbättrad upplärning tagits fram och diskuterats.

  • Athanasiadis, Michail
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Al Sahi, Hussein
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Val av stomsystem för en offentlig lokal: Fallstudie avseende entreprenadformen partnering och beaktade av miljöperspektiv2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Production and operation of buildings accounts for a large part of global carbondioxide emissions, and it is therefore important to investigate the importance of thechoice of buildings' frame systems in terms of energy consumption and climateimpact over a lifecycle. The purpose of this study is partly to show how differentparts of a frame system in a public premise can be evaluated and chosen on the basisof environmental impact and partly to investigate how the contractual-/collaborativepartnership work in the development of a public premise.

    A case study of a newly established psychiatric clinic was conducted, and the studyincluded review of project documents, interviews with project participants andcalculations. The results showed that the building could, to a large extent, beconstructed with wood rather than with concrete. This would have resulted in bothreduced transmissions of heat and reduced carbon dioxide emissions from theproduction of materials. The reasons for choosing the prefabricated concrete slabs inprefabricated concrete walls, rather than a wood-based solution, were above all thecontractor's greater experience of working with concrete, coupled with the fact thatthe client would not risk a long production time or unexpected costs. More time fordialogue, analysis and greater openness for working with new solutions could haveled to a more environmentally friendly solution.

  • Zukaj, Dorentina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science. 1996.
    EU som demokratifrämjare i Kosovo: En teorikonsumerande fallstudie om Europeiska unionens demokratifrämjande politik i Kosovo2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this essay was to investigate European union’s role as a democracy promoter in Kosovo and its impact on the process of the democratization. Kosovo declared independency in 2008 and is a potential candidate country for a EU membership. In order to fulfil the aim of the essay three questions were used; To what extent has Kosovo fulfilled EU’s criteria of becoming a candidate country? In what way has the EU promoted democracy in Kosovo since their independency? To what extent has EU’s democracy promotion politics been successful or not?

    The method used to accomplish the purpose and answering the research-questions was qualitative text-analysis. The result of the study shows that the EU does perform as a democracy promoter and has contributed to the development of democracy in Kosovo. However, the EU’s democracy promotion is characterized by the enlargement of the European union and Kosovo’s interest in becoming a part of the union.

  • Björe, Rasmus
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Backlund, Gustav
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Tjuv, polis och bortglömda offer: En innehållsanalys av Helikopterrånet i svensk kvällspress mellan 2009 och 20102019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to examine how Sweden’s two biggest tabloids, Aftonbladet and Expressen, frame spectacular crime and specifically how they covered the Helicopter robbery that occurred in 2009. We identified three main participants in the story, the police, the culprits and the victims. We examined how much and what kind of space the identified participants were given and how the two newspapers constructed the participants in a dramaturgic sense.

     

    Using a quantitative content analysis method we found that the time period included 433 articles in both newspapers. From the original articles, we picked and examined 19 articles with a qualitative content analysis method and also used framing theory in order to be able to examine how the participants were portrayed in Aftonbladet and Expressen.

     

    The culprits were given far most space in both Aftonbladet and Expressen. The study show that the police was given second most space and that the victims were hardly ever written about at all, in contrast to recent studies showing that victims of crime often are depicted as the main character in articles regarding crime. The results also show that the story as a whole carried a lot of resemblance to the classic Hollywood movie plot. The police were portrayed as incompetent, creating a conflict within the justice system community. The culprits were portrayed as the protagonist of the story with highly competent features, whilst the victims were portrayed as scared and helpless.

     

  • Brambeck, Fredrika
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Sverigedemokraternas ökade inflytande i kommunvalen 2010, 2014 & 2018: En kvantitativ studie av hur kommunpolitiken utmanas av interna och externa faktorer i relation till politiskt väljarbeteende och Sverigedemokraternas lokala valframgångar2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to investigate the internal and external supply in relation to citizens’ demand for radical populist parties. To explore how the Sweden Democrats between 2010 and 2018 has developed its party organisation and how this has changed over time. The essay is based on the theory of Cas Mudde which claims demand and supply as a reason and understanding for the increasing growth of radical right parties in Western democracies.

    The theory divides Sweden Democrats into three different aspects; demand, internal and external supply which explain the stability and increased support for the party. Socio-economic factors such as unemployment, education and level of immigration are significant explanation factors for radical right parties to establish on long term.

    However, the essay concludes that the internal aspects of the party organisation, in relation to lack of trust for the traditional parties and low party identification, are crucial explanations. The importance of these factors have gradually increased during the years 2010-2018, while the level of significance for socioeconomic factors have decreased.

  • Cehaja, Senad
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Utvecklingen mot en auktoritär stat: Förändringen av Turkiets styrelseskick 2018 i jämförelse med 20052019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper has been to describe the change of governance in Turkey from 2005 until 2018. The method that has been applied is a comparative study as well as a case study where a theory of democracy was used to describe and compare the changes of governance in Turkey between 2005 and 2018. Robert Dahls theory of democracy was used for this paper to determine the change in governance between the relevant years. The analysis of each institution for each year was than compared to finally determine any change in governance. The study showed that the governance of Turkey has taken further backsliding steps of democracy compared to the situation in 2005. The changes consist of a centralization and increase of power within the presidency and further limitations within some rights and freedoms. The possibility for citizens to engage in politics in different ways, to express the opinions whether good or bad, to search for alternative information and to have the right to vote in free and fair elections have all worsened in 2018 compared to 2005.

  • Gorginpaveh, Arvin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Demokratisering i Nordafrika: En jämförande demokratiseringsstudie av Egypten och Tunisien2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this essay is to present both the reason behind the Egyptian democratization failure, as well as the cause of the success of the Tunisian democracy. The methodology of this essay is composed of a comparative democratization study, which includes a most similar systems-design method. The studies will try to pinpoint the key components of the result of the democratization, by using four of Larry Diamond’s nine internal and external democratization factors, which are presented in his book: ‘The Spirit of Democracy’. The results of this study indicate that Egypt had a far larger and more influential military force and also a critical economy, despite less international support for their democratization. Tunisia has a more democratic-oriented civil society and through democratic assistance from the European Union, a peaceful transition into a democratic system was possible. In this essay, a far deeper analysis of the democratization process will be highlighted, including how to prove how these essential factors caused the different outcomes of the Arabic spring protests.

  • Johansson, Katja
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Hon presenterar sig ofta som en diva: En kvalitativ studie om vilka roller kvinnor respektive män tilldelas i talkshowen Skavlan2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine how women and men are presented in the public service entertainment journalism, and more exact how they are presented in the Swedish-Norwegian television talk show Skavlan and what roles they are assigned to in Skavlan. The main question for this study was “What roles are assigned to women and men in Skavlan?” With roles, I mean roles that are connected to the aspect of power between women and men that can be found in gender-theory. To answer the main question and the purpose of the study I analyzed four interviews from the latest season of Skavlan where both men and women are being interviewed, using critical discourse analysis according to Fairclough. 

    The result of the study shows that women and men are assigned to different kind of roles in Skavlan and the roles are gender stereotyped. Men are assigned to roles such as authoritarian and knowing and women are assigned to roles such as responsible and high-performance. Men are also presented as superior to the woman and in the majority of the interviews men are using verbal suppression techniques against each other and against women. Sometimes it can also be perceived as if women are using verbal suppression techniques, even if it’s more obvious that men are using it.

  • Bjørnstad, Eskil
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Varkonyi, Zita
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Livet som kvinna med diabetes typ 1: En kvalitativ, belysande bloggstudie2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Diabetes typ 1 är en kronisk sjukdom som påverkar hela patientens vardag. Det krävs kontinuerliga kontroller och behandling för att hålla en stabil blodsockerhalt. Till hjälp finns det bland annat insulinpumpar och blodsockersensorer. Sjukdomen är en utmaning och kan leda till allvarliga följdsjukdomar, men också psykisk påverkan och lidande under hela sjukdomsperioden. Forskning har visat på att kvinnor upplever sin sjukdom lite annorlunda än män och därmed skulle det kunna förekomma individuella skillnader mellan könen inom diabetes också. Syfte: Syftet var att belysa kvinnors upplevelser av att leva med diabetes typ 1. Metod: Studien gjordes med en kvalitativ ansats med ett vårdvetenskapligt perspektiv. En manifest innehållsanalys enligt Lundman och Hällgren Graneheim (2012) genomfördes på fem bloggar skrivna av kvinnor med typ 1 diabetes. Resultat: Fyra kategorier och nio underkategorier framkom som belyste hur det är att leva med diabetes typ 1. Kategorierna var ”Positiva och negativa aspekter med diabetes”, ”För- och nackdelar med insulinpump och blodsockersensor”, ”Diabetes är ett heltidsjobb” samt ”Relationen till omvärlden”. Slutsats: Diabetes är en ständig kamp för att uppleva hälsa. Även om sjukdomen inte behöver ta över vardagen så orsakar den stort lidande. Dagens teknik har inneburit en positiv utveckling mot större frihet och flexibilitet i vardagen. Samtidigt finns det brister i kunskapen hos både vårdpersonal och andra icke-diabetiker.

  • Johansson, Julia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mathematics.
    Olsson, Elin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mathematics.
    Problemlösning i flera steg med laborativt material: En kvalitativ studie om hur elever kan använda laborativt material i samband med problemlösningar i flera steg2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka hur olika elevgrupper i årskurs två kan använda sig

    av laborativt material i problemlösningar med flera steg, samt hur det framtagna materialet kan påverka elevernas förståelse och lösningsprocess.

    Studien bygger på observationer och elevintervjuer som bearbetas med hjälp av ett variationsteoretiskt ramverk samt ur ett fenomenografiskt perspektiv. Pólyas fyra faser är också en central del i studien som återkommer i diskussionsdelen.

    Resultatet visar att elevernas tidigare erfarenheter av laborativt material påverkar deras lösningsprocess och förmåga att lösa problemlösningsuppgifter i flera steg. Det visar också att materialets påverkan på elevernas lösningsprocess beror mycket på vilket material som används, vilken uppgift det handlar om samt elevernas kunskapsnivå. Påverkan kan vara både positiv och negativ. 

  • Hovstam, Amanda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mathematics.
    Är matematikundervisningen som en öppen bok?: En kvalitativ fallstudie med fokus på hur två gymnasielärare i matematik förhåller sig till läroboken i undervisningen2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The textbooks are an important foundation in the education of mathematics. The aim of this study is to examine how teachers in the upper secondary school actually use the textbook and to study when the textbook is absence in their teaching. The study aims to investigate, from a teacher’s perspective, when the textbook is being used and what content in the textbook that the teacher uses. The absence of the textbook implicates when and how the teachers deviate from the content and how the content is presented in the textbook. An example of absence of the textbook is when the teacher adapts the explanations of a mathematical content to an everyday language or to an informal way, which the textbook does not.

    The study is a qualitative case study and the results are founded in interviews with two informants and by an observation of their practice as teachers in mathematics. The teacher’s textbook and document that are used as planning materials are also reviewed and presented.

    The result of the study is analyzed by some theoretical concepts, where the theory of orchestration and the relation between the teacher and the textbook are of importance in this study. The analysis of the study implicates that the textbook in mathematics is visible in every moment that were investigated. This means that the textbook is visible in the planning of the course and lessons, in the instructions on the whiteboard lead by the teacher and when the pupils independently use the textbook. The analysis also showed that the use of the textbook was not always presented in a chronological order and that the teachers helped the pupils to organize the tasks in the textbook.

  • Nygren, Marlene
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Swedish Language.
    Ingen älg på isen: En kvantitativ studie av förståelse av idiomatiska uttryck2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Idiomatiska uttryck är vanliga i språket och utgör en viktig del av vårt immateriella kulturarv. Därför syftar denna studie till att undersöka förståelsen av tre kategorier av idiomatiska uttryck: begränsade kollokationer, figurativa idiom och rena idiom. Dessutom jämförs förståelsen av uttrycken mellan elever i grundskolans årskurs nio, gymnasiets årskurs tre och svensklärarstudenter. Undersökningen gjordes med en fysisk enkät som delades ut till totalt 135 respondenter, och resultatet visar att förståelsen av de begränsade kollokationerna var högre än förståelsen av de rena idiomen. Högstadieeleverna hade generellt lägre förståelse jämfört med gymnasieeleverna och svensklärarstudenterna, vilka i sin tur genererade förhållandevis likartade svar.

  • Ekholm Regina, Johansson Zandra
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    ALS - bokstäverna som förändrar livet2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund:Amyotrofisk lateralskleros (ALS) tillhör gruppen neurologiska sjukdomar. Den har ett snabbt förlopp och går inte att bota. I Sverige insjuknar 220-250 invånare varje år och 750-850 invånare beräknas ha sjukdomen idag. Medelålder är 45-75 år men kan debutera i alla åldrar. Efter sjukdomens första symtom ses en förväntad livslängd mellan två till tre år.Syfte:Att belysa patienters upplevelser av att leva med ALS. Metod:Denna litteraturstudie är av induktiv ansats med integrerad analys och baseras på 8 vetenskapliga artiklar som speglar människors upplevelse. Sökningar gjordes i databaserna CINAHL och PubMed.Resultat:I analysen identifierades två huvudkategorierAtt förlora fotfästet med underkategorierna att tappa kontrollen ochatt hamna i beroendeställning.ALS innebär en stor förändring i livet med blandade känslor som att inte kunna kontrollera sin egen kropp. Att möta problemen med underkategoriernaatt accepteraoch att möta någon med samma diagnos. Det är viktigt att försöka acceptera situationen och göra det bästa av tiden som finns kvarSlutsats:ALS innebär både positiva och negativa upplevelser. Livet är inte längre en självklarhet och tiden blir dyrbar. Det är viktigt att som sjuksköterska ha bra kunskap om sjukdomen och vårda med livsvärlden som fokus. 

  • Svanström, Lovisa
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Vuorensyrjä Emilsson, Katarina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Livsstilsförändringar vid diabetes mellitus typ II: Allmän litteraturöversikt2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Segerberg-Odent, Kari
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Geografi i gymnasiet - En internationell jämförelse2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Geografi är ett aktualitetsämne, ett ämne som ständigt utvecklas i takt med förändringarna i den värld vi lever i. Det är därför naturligt att skolämnet undergår förändringar vid varje revidering av gymnasieskolans läroplan, precis som många andra aktualitetsämnen, till exempel samhällskunskap. Dock verkar de flesta förändringar i de senare läroplanerna främst vara kvantitativa snarare än kvalitativa såtillvida att det inte är innehållet som utvecklas och förändras utan snarare skolämnets omfattning på gymnasiets olika program.

    Geografiämnets plats i den svenska gymnasieskolan framstår som instabil och starkt skiftande över tiden. Tidvis har ämnet helt tagits bort från gymnasieundervisningen för att därefter återinföras i senare läroplaner i olika omfattning och skepnad. Är denna ambivalenta inställning till geografiämnet något specifikt för Sverige och dess skolpolitik eller förekommer liknande förhållningssätt gentemot geografiskolämnet även i andra länder?

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att genom en komparativ studie utröna i vilken mån likheter och olikheter föreligger olika länder emellan med avseende på geografiämnets plats i gymnasieskolans undervisning och tillhörande läroplan samt att jämföra gymnasieskolämnet geografi i de olika länderna med avseende på omfattning och utformning.

    Metoden i arbetet utgörs av en jämförande kvalitativ studie mellan olika länders läroplaner för gymnasiet med avseende på skolämnet geografi och dess ställning i respektive lands läroplan. Arbetets frågeställningar operationaliseras i en undersökningsmodell där resultatet kategoriseras och indexeras, vilket möjliggör en inbördes rangordning av de i studien deltagande länderna med avseende på geografiämnets ställning.

    Studiens resultat visar att stor diskrepans råder mellan studiens olika länder med avseende på geografiämnets utformning och omfattning i respektive läroplan. En tendens att reducera geografi som sammanhållet obligatoriskt gymnasieämne kan dock utläsas i undersökningens resultat. Studien visar att Finland är det land i studien där geografiämnet har den starkaste ställningen i gymnasieskolans läroplan. Undersökningen visar också att geografiämnet i svenska gymnasieläroplanen fortfarande har en relativt stark ställning jämfört med många andra länder i studien.