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  • Adebayo, Stephen
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Perceived impacts of Cloud Computing adoption on the role of an IT department of a higher institution in a developing country.2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Cloud computing popularity has continued to be on the increase side, and it has been significant contributory factor to the of 24/7 365 days business culture of the digital 21st century where data and data centers are accessed via the internet through any connected device, anytime and from anywhere. Higher Education Institutions (HEI) or Tertiary Education Institution (TEI) are also among organisations, medium and large, that are tapping into this trend by gradually adopting this technology to reduce their high budgets in the prevailing face of financial shortage. This has particularly made the technology attractive to TEI in developing countries, and more of them are adopting the services being offered by cloud computing. The adoption of this technology however, affects the way and manner by which IT services are being delivered traditionally by the TEI IT or ICT departments. The objective of this study therefore, is to explore the adoption of this phenomenal technology and its impact on the role of traditional IT department in one of the tertiary education institution in the South Western part of Nigeria. The TOE framework adoption model was used to explore the adoption factors, and interviews conducted within the ICT department of the institution as part of the empirical findings process. In contrary to popular belief, no member of the IT staff has lost his or her job yet based on the adoption despite the impact on the skills and culture in service delivery of the department. IT staffs were encouraged to adapt to the change as quickly as possible with trainings given, and the ICT, thus the HEI have value added as most of the services are now available on a 24-hour basis to users, even while off campus and far remote, a dream very difficult and near impossible in the days of full traditional IT services delivery.

  • Ukwishaka, Marie Claire
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Social Media Use in Higher Education: Students’ Perceptions of Using Facebook to Support Peer Interaction and Educational Learning2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The evolution of technology has brought several benefits in the world of education and many new teaching and learning methods are being implemented. In view of social media for learning is quite modern and interesting. Facebook as a social media is a networking site with functionalities that facilitate users to share information through internet connections with the aid of electronic devices such as computer, phones, and tablets. The number of active users on Facebook is growing fast in various fields including education field. Today students in higher education use Facebook to communicate and share ideas, cooperating and finding solutions. But different aspects need to be examined like how Facebook support student peers. This study was conducted at Linnaeus University and research participants were students from different departments,both bachelor and master levels.

     

    The main purpose of this study is to investigate students’ perceptions of using Facebook to support peer interaction and educational learning, identify benefits and limitations associated to Facebook usage and provide suggestions that may improve peer interaction and educational learning on Facebook. Concerning to the purpose of the research questions “How students perceive using Facebook to support peer interaction and Educational Learning? and What are student perspective on the benefits and limitations of using Facebook in educational learning?” Were investigated. A qualitative interpretative research study was conducted and data was collected through interviews.

     

    The main results include students who agreed that Facebook functionalities such as messenger, sharing, posts, like, pages and groups enable them to interact easily since students use Facebook more when compared to other social media. But factors like peers who are not active, unnecessary chatting, connection issue, inaccessibility, privacy and security that may arise on Facebook environment play an unfavorable role in perceiving learning.

     

  • Lydigh, Hannelie
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Åkerdal, Thea
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Abort, graviditet och förlossning inom Dewey decimalklassifikation: Kvinnlig representation i ett normerande system2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Classifications are a crucial part of Library and Information Science (LIS). Classifications aim to organize information, making it easy to retrieve and access.

    Scholars have criticized the practice of organizing knowledge and the construction of classification systems, claiming it represents some phenomenon while leaving others out. According to some scholars, the practice of classification will always be bias, since it builds upon a subjective kind of worldview.

    This thesis – Abortion, pregnancy and childbirth in Dewey Decimal ClassificationThe representation of women in a normative system - focuses on the Dewey decimal classification system (DDC) and its representation of women, in relation to social and medical aspects. Three terms, traditionally linked to women, have been chosen; Abortion, Pregnancy and Childbirth. The three terms have been analyzed in three editions of the DDC to give an overview of a linear development of the representation of women in DDC. The editions are the 8th from the year 1913, the 12th abridged version from the year 1990 and finally the current upgraded version of the 23rd Swedish WebDewey. The question this thesis aims to answer is 1) How does the representation of women manifest in the chosen editions of DDC, in relation to terms linked to social and medical aspects? and 2) What kind of differences appear in the transfer of the international versions of the DDC to a Swedish social context?

    The editions of DDC are analyzed with the theoretical concept of the Swedish historian Yvonne Hirdman and the method of critical text analysis. Based on this, this thesis concludes that 1) the representation of women in DDC is inadequate and 2) the social aspects of the representation of women has undergone the greatest change in the transfer of the international version of the DDC to the current Swedish version.

  • Rasmussen, Jessika
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Biology and Environmental Science.
    Vilka faktorer påverkar universitetsanställdas val av transportsätt vid tjänsteresor mellan Kalmar och Stockholm?2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Transport choice for business travel is an important matter since universities and colleges were one of the top three authorities with the highest amount of emissions from business travels for the year of 2017. It is especially important for the Linnaeus University which has an environmental management certificate and has a Meeting-and Travel policy to reduce their emissions. The purpose of this study was to find out the factors which affect the choice of transport on business trips for university employees as well as what is required for the target group to choose the more environmentally friendly alternatives. The method that was used was a web survey in combination with a conjoint analysis to get both quantitative and qualitative results. The results from the study showed that the deciding factors for the respondents were time, cost, environment, reliability and impact on leisure time. The occupational group which was most represented by the respondents was Technical- and Administrative personnel whose purpose with the business trip mainly was meetings and conferences. That which the respondents deemed as required for them to choose train over plane was the possibility for flex during the travel time, for overnight stays to be granted by the university as well as improved public transport.

  • Mousa, Husam Imran
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Al Daghstani, Asem
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Rastegari, Mohammad
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Social media marketing in B2B: Can customer engagement help increase brand awareness? A Mixed Methods Study2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As social media platforms are increasingly becoming more popular and a part of everyday life, Business-to-Business (B2B) marketers from different industries are realizing social media’s potential for achieving marketing purposes. However, scientific literature regarding social media usage in B2B contexts is still filled with gaps in knowledge; especially when compared to literature about social media usage in Business-to-Customer (B2C) contexts. One of these research gaps is the lack of niched information about each effect of using social media. This paper aims at contributing to filling this research gap by presenting an extensive literature review about social media marketing in B2B; followed by an analysis of empirical data gathered from 11 different cases of B2B companies engaged in social media marketing. Moreover, this is to answer the research questions; how are B2B companies using social media to increase brand awareness? Which types of content inspire the most customer engagement? And how can B2B companies amplify their chances of succeeding in increasing brand awareness through social media? This paper will further contribute to this research topic, by identifying further research gaps and present suggestions for future research.

  • Al Daghstani, Asem
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Mousa, Husam Imran
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Rastegari, Mohammad
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Social media marketing in B2B: Can customer engagement help increase brand awareness? A Mixed Methods Study2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As social media platforms are increasingly becoming more popular and a part of everyday life, Business-to-Business (B2B) marketers from different industries are realizing social media’s potential for achieving marketing purposes. However, scientific literature regarding social media usage in B2B contexts is still filled with gaps in knowledge; especially when compared to literature about social media usage in Business-to-Customer (B2C) contexts. One of these research gaps is the lack of niched information about each effect of using social media. This paper aims at contributing to filling this research gap by presenting an extensive literature review about social media marketing in B2B; followed by an analysis of empirical data gathered from 11 different cases of B2B companies engaged in social media marketing. Moreover, this is to answer the research questions; how are B2B companies using social media to increase brand awareness? Which types of content inspire the most customer engagement? And how can B2B companies amplify their chances of succeeding in increasing brand awareness through social media? This paper will further contribute to this research topic, by identifying further research gaps and present suggestions for future research.

  • Glowacki, Anna
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Sjulin, Emma
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Institutionell teori och trender i ett förändrings- och implementeringsarbete: En studie av Växjö kommuns nya styrning2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Different management trends have come and gone during recent decades within the public sector. Therefore we found it interesting and relevant to study the current management within the public sector during the end of the 2010. To study this, we chose to study Växjö municipality’s implementation of their new management system. During the study institutional theory was used to create an understanding for how the new management system had been implemented and what consequences the change had for a selected number of employees. Furthermore the study  investigated if the management trends New Public Management and trust-based governance had any impact on Växjö municipality’s new management system. The study was conducted through ten interviews with different managers and politicians within Växjö municipality, to increase the understanding for the implementation process, through taking part of their perception of how the implementation-process proceeded. Through our interpretation of the then respondents it seems like what drove Växjö municipality to realize the change whas that the new manager for Växjö municipality observed problems with the previous management by objectives. Based on the interviews, it seems like the new process-oriented work had broad support from the ten respondents. Furthermore, the respondents highlighted that they had influence as well as they were involved in the change- and implementation process. However, our interpretation from the respondents stories is that it has been more difficult to implement the new management system than to initiate it since the change and implementation proceed proceed to fast and had vague and unclear plans. Through our interpretation of the respondents experiences we found that trends do not have to be volatile, but rather that trends can be implemented thoroughly, which was the case in Växjö municipality. Finally, the results of the study also implies that Växjö municipality's new management system has been influenced more by trust-based governance than by New Public Management.

  • Skoko, Aldin
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Christian, Lysén
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Intern eller extern implementering av Lean?: En fallstudie genomförd på små till medelstora produktionsföretag2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In order to succeed in becoming better and more efficient, it requires that businesses continuously streamline their processes for cost and look for new ways of working in order to survive.

    The aim of the study is to investigate the phenomenon surrounding the implementation of the concept Lean in medium-sized manufacturing companies. The study is expected to provide knowledge, understanding and evidence that can support future implementations in medium-sized manufacturing companies.

     

    Theories used in the paper is the theories around organizational development and change in organisations in order to apply these perspectives on the implementation of Lean. The theory of organizational development was chosen by reason of an implementation brings change, and the development of the business. Theory on organizational development is broad and includes organisational changes and organisational culture which may reflect different perspectives regarding the implementation of Lean. Kotter’s model is applied with the reason of that the theory highlights organizations ' soft values. Implementation means change and Kotter’s model enables an understanding of reality and how a successful change can be implemented. A qualitative case study has been used as a method to describe the phenomenon of internal and external implementation of the concept of Lean in Swedish production company. This is to examine how the phenomenon was experienced in the reality from four different Case Company which have implemented Lean with internal or external resources in recent years.

     

    The result we came to was that the study showed that regardless of the approach via internal or external resources characterized an organization of open cooperation between managers and employees and between departments. To create accountability and interaction are the critical conditions. Critical conditions as a motivation to take the initiative you need as an employee to feel satisfaction with the situation in the workplace and that the work is experienced as meaningful. Competence and learning in the face of change promoted by the teams to create a culture where employees give each other social support and the discussions are task-oriented. Paper the scientific contribution is, therefore, a more in-depth understanding of the differences regarding the phenomenon of internal and external implementation of Lean.

  • Gustavsson, Viktor
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education and Teacher's Practice.
    Kerroum, Christian
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education and Teacher's Practice.
    Mot ett jämställt fritidshem: En kvalitativ studie med fokus på fritidslärares genusmedvetenhet för att motverka traditionella könsmönster2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att ur ett genusperspektiv belysa fritidslärares jämställdhetsarbete med traditionella könsmönster. Specifikt fokus riktas mot deras arbete med att motverka rumslig könsuppdelning på fritidshemmet. Det här är en kvalitativ studie där vi intervjuat fem fritidslärare från fem fritidshem. Den tidigare forskningen beskriver att lärare reproducerar traditionella könsmönster och att utförande av jämställdhetsarbete kan vara komplicerat. För att finna svar på vårt syfte tog vi fram tre frågeställningar. Hur arbetar fritidslärarna genusmedvetet med jämställdhet och för att motverka traditionella könsmönster? Hur beskriver fritidslärare verksamhetens rumsliga könsuppdelning samt det genusmedvetna arbetet med att motverka detta? Den tredje och sista frågan belyser vilka jämställdhetsspecifika hinder och möjligheter finns det för att arbeta mot traditionella könsmönster på fritidshemmet?

    Analysen har genomförts genom att undersöka hur genusmedvetna fritidslärarna är samt hur dem arbetar för att motverka traditionella könsmönster. Resultatet visar på att det finns en god genusmedvetenhet hos samtliga fritidslärare, dock behövs ett vidare arbete för att motverka traditionella könsmönster. Genusmedvetenheten hos fritidslärarna visar sig genom att de ser en könsstruktur och könsuppdelning på fritidshemmet samt att de förstår att det bör arbetas med. Dock fanns det arbetssätt som kan ifrågasättas ur ett genusperspektiv. Fritidslärarna påpekar att jämställdhetsarbetet är en komplex uppgift och att det är många faktorer som påverkar, såväl inom skolan som utanför.

  • Lann, Filip
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science. 1994.
    Bollspel i ämnet idrott och hälsa: En intervjubaserad studie om hur en grupp lärare i idrott och hälsa förhåller sig till bollspel i årkurs 6.2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att undersöka en grupp lärares förhållningssätt till bollspel i ämnet idrott och hälsa i årkurs 6. Syftet var också att undersöka hur lärare kopplar bollspel till kursplanen. Insamlingen av data skedde genom intervjuer av fem lärare som undervisar i ämnet idrott och hälsa. De svar som framkom genom intervjuerna granskades och analyserades. Resultatet visade att alla de intervjuade lärarna arbetar i block vilket innebär att alla områden i idrott och hälsa får lika mycket tid och bollspel är inte ett område som får mer eller mindre uppmärksamhet i detta sammanhang. Deras koppling till styrdokumenten och kunskapskraven är rörelse, spel, lek och idrotter som är det kriteriet som de utgick från när de valde att ha bollspel som innehåll i undervisningen. De ansåg även att elevernas motorik, rörelseutveckling och koordination utvecklas genom bollspel. Dessutom ansåg de att bollspel är ett bra verktyg som bidrar till elevernas utveckling i ämnet idrott och hälsa och ett bra sätt att bedöma elevernas rörelser, motorik och koordination.

  • Johansson, Sam
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education and Teacher's Practice.
    Hargevall, Niklas
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education and Teacher's Practice.
    Verbal mobbning på fritidshemmet: En kvalitativ (fenomenologisk) studie om fritidslärares förebyggande arbete mot verbal mobbning.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att bredda kunskapen om hur fritidslärare kan arbeta förebyggande mot verbal mobbning på fritidshemmet. För att få svar på studiens övergripande frågor har en kvalitativ forskningsintervju använts. De tre forskningsfrågorna i studien är: Hur arbetar fritidslärare för att förebygga verbal mobbning i verksamheten? Hur agerar fritidslärare när de upptäcker verbal mobbning i verksamheten? Upplever fritidslärare några svårigheter med arbetet mot verbal mobbning i verksamheten? Som analysverktyg har didaktisk teori använts. Studiens resultat visar att fritidslärarna använder sig av aktiviteter, exempelvis drama, olika sorters regelverk, samtal, samarbete, kartläggning av otrygga platser, fadderverksamhet och trivselledare i det förebyggande arbetet mot verbal mobbning. Resultatet visar också att det finns internationella studier som ger vid handen att man arbetar på liknande sätt som de fritidslärare vi har intervjuat. Det kan därför bli relevant att använda sig av internationella metoder i det förebyggande arbetet mot verbal mobbning. Svårigheter som lärarna upplever är att den verbala mobbningen oftast sker på platser där de inte befinner sig. Fritidslärarna anser att det är svårt att bedöma hur man bör agera vid situationer där verbal mobbning uppstår. Det visade sig dock att lärarna hade händelserapporter, handlingsplaner och elevhälsoteam som stöttning. Fritidslärare förhöll sig även till skolans likabehandlingsplan.

  • Wetterling, Sofia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education and Teacher's Practice.
    Rundberg, Emelie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education and Teacher's Practice.
    Fritidshemmets jämställdhetsarbete: En kvalitativ studie med fokus på strukturellt, symboliskt och individuellt jämställdhetsarbete2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien Leisure-time teachers work with equality and gender roles är att utifrån en genusmodell synliggöra fritidslärares såväl medvetna som omedvetna arbete med jämställdhet. Frågeställningarna utgår från tre nivåer i genusmodellen, den strukturella, den symboliska och den individuella. Den strukturella nivån önskar synliggöra hur verksamheten organiseras, den symboliska om hur verksamheten arbetar för att motverka de traditionella könsmönstren. Till sist synliggörs genom den individuella nivån lärares egna uppfattningar om jämställdhet och hur pojkar och flickor bemöts. Studien har genomförts genom intervjuer med fyra fritidslärare och pedagoger.  Resultatet av hur fritidshemmets organiseras utifrån ett jämställdhetsperspektiv visar att det inte är ett prioriterat arbetsområde. Lärarna för omedvetet vidare en traditionell syn på kön genom hur de arbetar med varandra, exempelvis med arbetsuppgiftsfördelning. Aktiviteter med eleverna uppdelas efter scheman och personliga intressen. Fritidshemmets arbete med att motverka de traditionella könsmönstren visar att de omedvetet för dem vidare till eleverna. Det finns förväntningar på att pojkar ska vara högljudda och inte lyssna medan flickor anses vara lugna och hjälpsamma. Medvetenhet kring jämställdhetsarbetet med att motverka traditionella könsmönster och vad det kan innebära i den pedagogiska praktiken saknades.  Lärares egna värderingar och förhållningssätt visar att de tycker det är viktigt att vara förebilder för eleverna. Men genom sitt förhållningssätt förmedlar de omedvetet en traditionell syn på kön och uppfattningen att manligt är mera värt än kvinnligt. 

  • Petersson, Sofie
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Elg, Lisa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    En hårfin skillnad mellan normalitet och avvikelse: En studie om personer med en intelletkuell funktionsnedsättning och deras inkludering till en aktiv idrottsutövning2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien kartlägger vilka förutsättningar och hinder som finns för personer med en intellektuell funktionsnedsättning, att inkluderas in i en aktiv idrottsutövning. Vidare vill studien undersöka vilka behov av fysisk och social aktivering som närstående upplever finns. Undersökningen är riktad utifrån två perspektiv för att skapa ett rikt och helhetsmässigt underlag, hur upplevelsen är hos närstående och vad som möjliggör förutsättningarför en aktiv idrottsutövning. Studien har tagit sin utgångspunkt i den social-ekologiska modellen och den sociokulturella teorin, som syftar till att beskriva och analysera hur idrottsrörelsen och dess arbete upplevs. För att besvara studiens forskningsfrågor och syfte har både en kvalitativ och kvantitativ forskningsmetod vävt samman en berikad datainsamling. Datainsamlingen har tillämpats genom semistrukturerade intervjuer samt en enkätundersökning.

    Resultatet och analysen ger en bild av hur behovet och påverkan ser ut i relation till fysisk aktivitet och det sociala samspelet. Det framkom att denna målgrupp har en ökad risk att drabbas av ohälsa i jämförelse mot övriga befolkningen, samt att det är vanligt med ett upplevt socialt utanförskap. Vidare kunde studien analysera att det sociala nätverket och närsamhället har ett stort ansvar för att möjliggöra förutsättningar för att inkludera målgruppen till ett aktivt idrottsutövande. Undersökningen kan stärka idrottens roll och den möjlighet den besitter för att främja ett inkluderande och hälsofrämjande arbete. Dock krävs det ett samspel och ett ansvar från samhället för att idrotten ska ges förutsättningar.

  • Sundström, Anna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Ridsportens arbete för en ökad inkludering: Från mål och visioner till implementering i föreningsverksamhet2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Svensk idrott vill bli bäst i världen för alla på alla nivåer – så lyder Riksidrottsförbundets vision för hur den svenska idrottsrörelsen skall utveckla den idrottsliga verksamheten i linje med måldokumentet Strategi 2025 (2017). Efter att måldokumentet tillsattes valde Svenska Ridsportförbundet att göra en egen utredning för att bemöta de utvecklingsområden ridsporten står inför därefter har fem strategiska utvecklingsområden framtagits där ett av områdena handlar om ridsport på individens villkor. En av ridsportens största utmaningar är att skapa en verksamhet som välkomnar fler oavsett bakgrund, socioekonomiska förhållanden och tidigare erfarenheter. I den här studien studeras hur riktlinjer och policy hanteras från förbundsnivå ner till implementering i föreningsverksamhet inom området för en ökad inkludering. Studien har genomförts genom kvalitativa semistrukturerade intervjuer och observationer av måldokument. Intervjuerna möjliggjorde till förståelse för hur riktlinjerna hanteras på den operativa nivån för att bemöta de faktiska utmaningar som finns i praktiken. 

    Resultatet visade att olika tolkningar har gjorts för att anpassa inkluderingsarbetet till redan befintliga verksamheter. Dessutom har egna riktlinjer tillförts där inspiration, kunskap och erfarenheter har hämtats från andra idrotter och organisationer för att utveckla nya verksamhetsformer och attraktiva aktiviteter. Förändringsprocesser kräver en god struktur och kommunikation för att möjliggöra för en lyckad implementering. I studien framgick att det finns potentiella utvecklingsmöjligheter för en bättre kommunikation för att kunna anpassa förbundets policy till vardaglig verksamhet i föreningen. 

  • Carlsson, Anton
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Sernbrandt, Olle
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Kontrollmekanismens bakslag: Kan VD:n utnyttja internt aktieinnehav för att maximera sitt egenintresse via utdelning?2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Within the agency theory the separation between the ownership and the control of the company a central part of how the corporate governance may appear. in the corporate governance it emerge control mechanism in order to control that some interests is provided and to minimize the risk of own benefit maximization. Internal ownership by the CEO is today a control mechanism that is being used frequently but with the wrong focus it could be used för own benefit maximization.  

    Purpose: The purpose of the study is to gain knowledge whether the internal ownership of the CEO fulfill its function as a control mechanism.  

    Method: A quantitative method with a deductive research approach has been used for this study. The selection for the study is companies listed on the Stockholm Stock Exchange's small, mid and large-cap. Our collected data is the company's financial information from annual reports and Thomson Reuters Datastream. Statistical tests have then been made to analyze the data.  

    Conclusion: The result of our statistical tests is different from our theory and hypothesis formulations. We have achieved significant results but not to the extent that we have been able to determine whether internal ownership as a control mechanism works or not.

  • Bigdeli, Sam
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Bengtsson, Filip
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Portfolio Optimization: A DCC-GARCH forecast with implied volatility2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis performs portfolio optimization using three allocation methods, Certainty Equivalence Tangency (CET), Global Minimum Variance (GMV) and Minimum Conditional Value-at-Risk (MinCVaR). We estimate expected returns and covariance matrices based on 7 stock market indices with a DCC-GARCH model including an ARMA (1.1) process and an external regressor of an implied volatility index (VIX). We then simulate returns using a rolling window of 500 daily observations and construct portfolios based on the allocation methods. The results suggest that the model can sufficiently estimate expected returns and covariance matrices and we can outperform benchmarks in form of equally weighted and historical portfolios in terms of higher returns and lower risk. Over the whole out-of-sample period the CET portfolio yields the highest mean returns and GMV and MinCVaR can significantly lower the variance. The inclusion of VIX has marginal effects on the forecasting accuracy and it seems to impair the estimation of risk.

  • Lindholm, Amanda
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Carl-Fredrik, Swic
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Olivia, Alm
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    How Marketing Managers Work with Social Media and Measure its Effectiveness: A multiple-case study focusing on the B2B context2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the past few years, a topic that has caught much attention by academia is the rather

    new concept of ‘social media’. Today, it is expected by business-to-business

    organizations to involve social media in their marketing activities. However, the

    existing literature surrounding the concept has mainly focused on the business-toconsumer

    context, and there is a lack of research on the concept in a business-tobusiness

    context. This bachelor thesis aims to contribute to the theoretical landscape of

    social media in a business-to-business context as well as to study marketing managers’

    work with social media in large international business-to-business organizations. The

    purpose of this thesis is to understand the reasons for large international business-tobusiness

    organizations to engage in social media for marketing purposes. In order to

    fulfill the purpose, two research questions were formulated as (i) What do marketing

    managers at large international business-to-business organizations experience that social

    media is effective for? and (ii) How do marketing managers at large international

    business-to-business organizations measure the effectiveness of social media? A

    qualitative method was chosen for the thesis, where seven semi-structured interviews

    were conducted with marketing managers from three large international business-tobusiness

    companies. The marketing managers contributed with their experiences which

    resulted in that the thesis concluded that social media is effective for; firstly, as a

    communications channel with customers, secondly, to create awareness as well as third

    and lastly, to support existing relationships as well as build new relationships. Further,

    the thesis also found that the interviewed marketing managers use the metrics; reach,

    likes, comments, cost per lead and impressions when measuring the social media

    effectiveness. However, uncertainties were expressed regarding the reliability of these

    metrics.

  • Gnatenko, Viktoria
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Huang, Chenyu
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Olsson, Simon
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    The Role of Foreign Market Knowledge in Internationalization of B2B Born Global SMEs: A Case Study of Deep Tech Companies2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The subject of internationalization of Born Global small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) that start cross-border business operations shortly after the company’s foundation has received growing scholarly attention in the last decades. Although the research of the influence of the market knowledge - information a firm has about a specific foreign market, on internationalization decisions was developing rapidly to account for the challenges of the established internationalization theories, multi-factor comprehensive analysis of the influence of all the interlinked factors of the market knowledge remains overlooked by research.

    Therefore, the main purpose of this thesis is to contribute to the understanding of the impact of foreign market knowledge on the decisions of business-to-business (B2B) Born Global SMEs regarding when, where to, and how to internationalize, and concerning the ways of operating in the foreign market(s). To fulfill the purpose of the paper, the authors carried out a qualitative multiple case study with six Born Global SMEs working in the deep tech industry which has started international operations up to one year after the establishment. Fieldwork consisted of 14 virtual interviews with the Marketing Managers and Founders of the firms.

    The results of this study show that the process through which the studied B2B Born Global SMEs internationalize is very similar among all companies: it starts between a few weeks up to one year after the inception of the company, and it follows a typical progressive process (first, the firms have one of their employees or external representatives physically going to the foreign market of interest; then establish the partnerships with local companies; later appoint a local representative to the market, and lastly establish a subsidiary company). Next, the research illustrates that the studied Born Global SMEs acquire foreign market knowledge from external parties by the method of grafting. Furthermore, the study also concluded that there are three groups of factors of the foreign market, which are categorized based on the firms’ perception of the factors’ influence on decisions of B2B Born Global SMEs about when, where to, and how to internationalize. These groups are: important (economic opportunities, networks, political context), disregarded (language, culture, and legal regulations) and overlooked (political context, legal regulations, and language) factors. Lastly, such foreign market knowledge factors were found to influence the decisions of B2B Born Global SMEs’ about ways of operations in the foreign market(s): political situation, economic opportunities, and legal regulation impact the companies’ decisions about operations in the foreign market(s).

  • Blomberg, Amanda
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Johnsson, Anna
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Konsten att leda sig själv: En kvalitativ fallstudie om hur självledarskap kommer till uttryck i och genom kulturen på Desenio2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Self-leadership is a concept within leadership research that emerged in the mid-1980s. However, there are only a few studies about self-leadership within a specific organization. Our aim was therefore to develop a greater understanding of how self-leadership is expressed within the e-commerce organization Desenio. We explored how the organizational culture has shaped self-leadership within the organization. We used three cognitive and behavioral self-leadership strategies to develop a greater understanding of how self-leadership is expressed in the organization. We have made a qualitative case study that includes ten interviews with employees and the CEO of the organization, where the individuals expressed their experiences and thoughts about self-leadership. We completed the empirical study with observations of the working environment to get a better understanding of the culture. The implications of the study are that the three self- leadership strategies could be identified in the employees. However, none of the strategies could be identified to a full extent. We also concluded that the organizational culture has shaped self-leadership since the work behavior of the employees could be related to the culture and the values at Desenio.

  • Edfast, Filippa
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Frihager, Charlotta
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Advokatkavajer och öppna dörrar: En studie av identiteter och ledarskap konstruerat på en advokatbyrå2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In a conservative field as the law industry, where the exercise of profession is that independent that the employee becomes one's own leader and where the professional identity dominates the identity of the organisation, there is a trend to leave the company, either for another company or in order to start ones own business. In this qualitative study, we wanted to increase the understanding of identity and leadership constructed in a company in a professional field. The study was conducted at a micro business in the law industry in a small city, by semi structured interviews of the employees and the owner of the company. The empirical material and analysis has been thematised by the research questions concerning identity and leadership, and sense-making has been knitted together to discuss how these cooperate. The conclusion is that the identity of the organisation cooperates with the identity of the profession, and that is why the employees will relate to this identity, and also construct the owner, who has the ownership of the identity, as a leader.

  • Wei, Nicklas
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Blomberg, Richard
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Home sweet home: a case study on persuasive technology to promote usage of an m-health application by elderly living at home2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Much of the developed world is experiencing an aging population. This requires society to adapt to take care of a growing elderly population and improve their quality of life. Today, mobile systems are available that makes it possible to monitor and improve health (m-health). Even though these systems could be immensely helpful for the elderly population, this has not been the primary demographic for the current m-health systems.

    This case study aimed at examining how persuasive technology (technology for changing behavior and/or attitude) can be used to promote usage of m-health applications by the elderly. For this purpose, a theoretical framework for supporting m-health systems is proposed. This framework consist of persuasive technology (for motivation and support for fulfillment of human needs), knowledge of elderly issues in interacting with mobile interfaces, smartphone usability heuristics and the Plan-Do-Study-Act (PDSA) cycle (to support goalsetting and incremental progress).

    To determine how persuasive technology can be used to motivate elderly and find effective strategies for this purpose, the case study examined health behavior, motivations for healthy behavior, attitude to health, general goal setting behavior, needs, preferences, technological experience and self-efficacy, as well as usage of m-health systems using qualitative and participatory methods. Methods used included semi-structured interviews, future workshop, revolutionary rapid prototyping and usability evaluation.

    The findings of the interviews and the future workshop suggested the primary motivation for healthy behavior was derived from social aspects. Thus, the most effective persuasive strategies for the elderly likely target their need for social belonging and socialization.

    Based on the findings, an interactive prototype was developed. The prototype proposed an m-health application with self-monitoring that implemented an elderly community around healthy behavior, with opportunities to earn digital rewards and challenge other users to competition. The interactive prototype was then used in a usability evaluation to gauge its usability by the elderly and revised in higher fidelity according to their feedback.

  • Jonsdottir, Sigridur Sia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Effects of perinatal distress, satisfaction in partner relationship and social support on pregnancy and outcome of childbirth2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The aim of this thesis was to achieve a deeper understanding of the situation among women experiencing perinatal distress during pregnancy and childbirth and the effects that dissatisfaction in partner relationship and weak social support from family and friends could have on pregnancy and childbirth.

    Methods: Following screening for perinatal distress, 562 expecting mothers came for a semi-structured interview. This screening, done with the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales and the Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale, categorized 360 (64.1%) women into the perinatal distressed group (PDG) and 202 (35.9%) into the non-distressed group (NDG). During the interview women answered the Dyadic Adjustment Scale and the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support. Data were collected with these instruments for study I. Additional data for the three other studies were gathered from the women´s pregnancy records (II), electronic medical records (II, III), and childbirth records (IV). Results of the four studies were obtained by using descriptive statistics; parametric and nonparametric statistics and regression modeling.

    Results: Women in the PDG were significantly more likely than the NDG to be dissatisfied in their partner relationship, continue smoking during pregnancy, be dissatisfied with division of household tasks and child-rearing, have elementary or lower education, and to be students or unemployed. They were also significantly more likely to experience fatigue, vomiting and pelvic girdle pain during pregnancy. Women in the PDG who received weak family support reported nausea and heartburn more frequently than those with strong family support. Women in the PDG utilized more antenatal care service and were allocated more part time as well as earlier sick leaves during pregnancy, than those in the NDG. Women in the PDG were significantly more likely to use epidural anesthesia as a single pain management during labor.

    Conclusion: Perinatal distress affects pregnancy and childbirth. It is more common among women who are dissatisfied in their partner relationship and with the division of household tasks and child-rearing. Perception of weak social support also affects pregnancy among distressed women. Distressed women along with their partners and families should be offered support and consultation to relieve distress and strengthen their bonds during pregnancy and childbirth.  

  • Mutafela, Richard
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Biology and Environmental Science.
    Marques, Marcia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Biology and Environmental Science. Rio de Janeiro State University.
    Jani, Yahya
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Biology and Environmental Science.
    Kriipsalu, Mait
    Estonian University of Life Sciences, Estonia.
    Hogland, William
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Biology and Environmental Science.
    Physico-chemical characteristics of fine fraction materials from an old crystal glass dumpsite in Sweden2019In: Chemistry in ecology, ISSN 0275-7540, E-ISSN 1029-0370, Vol. 35, no 8Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Physico-chemical characteristics of waste, particularly fine fraction (FF), from an old crystal glass waste dump in Sweden were studied to assess recycling or disposal alternatives. Hand-sorting of the waste indicated glass content of 44.1% while sieving established the FF as a more soil-like mix of glass and other materials constituting 33.3% of all excavated waste. The FF was around neutral pH with 24.4% moisture content, low values of Total Dissolved Solids, Dissolved Organic Carbon and fluorides, but hazardous concentrations of As, Cd, Pb and Zn according to the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency guidelines. While the FF leached metals in low concentrations at neutral pH, it leached considerably during digestion with nitric acid, implying leaching risks at low pH. Thus, the waste requires safe storage in hazardous waste class ‘bank account’ storage cells to avoid environmental contamination as metal recovery and other recycling strategies for the glass waste are being developed. The study could fill the information gap regarding preservation of potential resources in the on-going, fast-paced excavation and re-landfilling of heavy metal contaminated materials in the region.

  • Salomonsson, Dennis
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Häll, Viktor
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    User Experience: Att konkretisera tillvägagångssättet med utgångspunkt från ett fallföretag2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There are many different details to consider for developers when creating a new product. Many believe that the functions is the most important. However the question about how the products User Experience should be handled gets more and more important. Because of that there are lots of tests before every launch to ensure that the product gets a better welcoming with the customers. The purpose with this study was to create a overview for how to create a better User Experience. We have created a guideline in this topical subject through creating a methodology to follow. This was done because of the difficulty to follow the current guidelines, and especially from those who really don´t know the subject. This study was based on previous research with a qualitative data collection method. We did our study from the eyes of a case business where we had interviews to get their opinions about User Experience and methodologies that already exists. The information that were used as method for the selection of informants because it was important for us that the informants knew what they were talking about. The purpose of the empirical data was to conclude which parts that were necessary to include in a methodology to get a more advanced User Experience but also why it is important. With this information we could give our version of a methodology to create a User Experience that fit in different projects. The results of the study contain the parts that we thought was important for creating a methodology that the developers could use. These were Design, UX-design, User Behavior, Usability and Human Computer Interaction that we later compiled to different phases in our methodology for User Experience. Furthermore when we concluded the phases for our methodology and these were Understanding where the developers shall create an understanding about what the user really wants. Research where you research what techniques that should be a part of a modern product. Sketch where you work from what the customer wants to get prototypes and test them to get their opinion. Design where you confirms which of the prototypes you will use in a completed design. Implementation where you create the product. The last phase is Evaluate where you do usability testings continuously to know that it is really working. 

  • Akintola, Abayomi Rasheed
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    User Adoption of Big Data Analyticsin the Public Sector2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The goal of this thesis was to investigate the factors that influence the adoption of big data analytics by public sector employees based on the adapted Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT) model. A mixed method of survey and interviews were used to collect data from employees of a Canadian provincial government ministry. The results show that performance expectancy and facilitating conditions have significant positive effects on the adoption intention of big data analytics, while effort expectancy has a significant negative effect on the adoption intention of big data analytics. The result shows that social influence does not have a significant effect on adoption intention. In terms of moderating variables, the results show that gender moderates the effects of effort expectancy, social influence and facilitating condition; data experience moderates the effects of performance expectancy, effort expectancy and facilitating condition; and leadership moderates the effect of social influence. The moderation effects of age on performance expectancy, effort expectancy is significant for only employees in the 40 to 49 age group while the moderation effects of age on social influence is significant for employees that are 40 years and more. Based on the results, implications for public sector organizations planning to implement big data analytics were discussed and suggestions for further research were made. This research contributes to existing studies on the user adoption of big data analytics. 

  • Soprani, Ebba
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Tsilfidis, Martin
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Electronics Retail Store Atmospherics: A Consumer Type Comparison: A Quantitative Study of Consumer Types and Their Valuation of Sensory Cues2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Every fifth physical electronics store has been closed during the period between 2011 to 2017, and 30 % of all electronic products are now purchased online. As digitalization has affected both the number of physical stores negatively, but also loyalty towards firms among consumers, as price has become a more crucial role in decision making online, there is a need for physical stores to exploit the advantages that cannot be facilitated online to stay competitive.

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to extend the understanding of how the valuation of sensory cues is related to consumer types in an electronics retail store context.Research Questions: To what extent are consumers in an electronics retail store utilitarian and hedonic in their needs and behavior?

    How do these consumers, in comparison to each other, value sensory cues in an electronics retail store environment?Methodology: The study uses a quantitative research approach with a cross-sectional research design and collects data through an online questionnaire.

    Findings: Consumers in an electronics retail store context tend to possess a higher degree of utilitarian traits and valued the importance of addressing the human senses significantly lower than consumers with a higher degree of hedonic traits. A significant difference between the groups is found for sight, sound and smell. Touch was found to be the most important sense for both groups.

    Managerial Implications: Contributes to knowledge managers could consider when relating the human senses to the strategic build-up of a store concept or the design of a retail environment.Further Research: Further research could investigate how the relationship, interplay and potential overload of stimuli affect consumers, either based on hedonic and utilitarian characteristics or other factors such as age and gender.

    Originality: To the best of the author’s knowledge, no other studies is researching the valuation of sensory cues in an electronics retail store environment from the consumers perspective.

    Keywords: Sensory Marketing, Consumer Types, Utilitarian, Hedonic, Atmospherics, Electronics Store, Retail Marketing

  • Buzynna, Mariia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Samberg, Jennie
    WOMEN AND POWER OF DIRECTORS: HOW IT AFFECTS FINANCIAL OUTCOMES OF FIRMS: A Quantitative Study2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Gender equality is widely discussed topic in the modern society, and the issue of female underrepresentation on corporate boards has been discussed for decades. Previous research, on one hand, is focused on non-financial contribution of women on boards, such as improvement of communication, decision-making, stronger focus on CSR and stakeholder orientation etc. On the other hand, correlation between female presence and financial outcomes, such as accounting and market performance, has been receiving contradicting results that would show positive relationship, negative or no relationship at all. However, earlier studies only considered the physical presence of women on boards as a predictor of performance. They did not account for the actual role of women on the boards - are they tokens, or do they hold a real power to make a change and influence financial outcomes?

    In order to rise above the shortcomings of the previous research, this study evaluates the power held by women on Swedish boards in Large Cap companies. With that purpose, power indices had been developed that consider such influence sources as leadership, committee participation, connections to the owners and to the management, and experience. The power index also accounts for the fulfillment of “critical mass” criterion. The findings had shown a negative relationship between power of female directors and firm performance, although this correlation might be explained by a short-term oriented nature of the research. Furthermore, this paper suggests a large variety of subjects for future research in the field of gender equality on boards. 

  • Torudd, Johan
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Olsson, Marcus
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Safety shortcomings within a sawmill facility: How can Virtual Reality Simulators and RFID potentially decrease the most common identified causes?2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In a changing and globalized world, companies are faced with an ever-increased competition. This rapid change has made a big impact, where automation, complex production and customization are common requirements in order to stay competitive. Due to more complex production, companies need to prioritize safety aspects simultaneously as they develop internal processes.

    The addressed problem in this thesis have been centralized to the department Massamagasinet at Södra Cell in Mönsterås, mainly due to their experienced safety problems regarding forklifts and heavy vehicles. Due to the chosen context, a case study has been conducted in order to create an in-depth understanding of Södra’s witnessed safety issues. The executed thesis has been characterized by three theoretical perspectives: Multi Causational Theory, Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of New Technology as well as Virtual Reality. Thanks to the theories, an identification of safety shortcomings as well as user requirements was made possible. The context and theoretical perspectives have consistently been linked to chosen technologies, Virtual Reality simulators and RFID. Furthermore, interviews with users as well as software-developers have provided a broader perspective, regarding the situation and techniques mentioned above. Results generated, includes both technical possibilities and limitations based on the thesis initial perspective. Moreover, it has been shown that a potential reduction of identified shortcomings is possible, by using a Virtual Reality simulator and RFID system. However, it’s worth mentioning that such implementations and the advantages they potentially might generate, are feasible first when prevailing requirements regarding the techniques are carefully considered. Investments of similar character require both human and financial resources, where maximum value can be achieved first if the employees stands positively against such implementation. Thanks to the theory Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of New Technology, this thesis has been enriched with an additional perspective which aimed to investigate how Södra in general, and Massamagasinet in particular, stands towards new techniques.

  • Creelman, Alastair
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, The University Library.
    Löwe, Corina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages.
    Mainstreaming virtual mobility – helping teachers to get onboard2019In: Telecollaboration and virtual exchange across disciplines: in service of social inclusion and global citizenship / [ed] Anna Turula, Malgorzata Kurek, Tim Lewis, Voillans: Research-publishing.net, 2019, p. 15-22Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite many innovative initiatives, virtual mobility is still a relatively unexploited aspect of internationalisation at European universities. An internal project at Linnaeus University, Global Classroom, aimed to create a framework and organisation to establish international networking and online collaboration as key elements of all degree programmes. The project aimed to promote the concept of virtual mobility and inspire faculty to adopt it in their degree programmes. A self-evaluation tool was developed for use in workshops, allowing faculty to highlight potential development areas. Each programme team could then implement an action plan in order to achieve these objectives, in consultation with the project team. The project also developed a toolbox for digital collaboration and worked with other institutions to offer an online collaborative course for teachers in the art of online collaboration. Another important issue was to create incentives for teachers to work with virtual mobility, including the use of digital badges. This paper describes these initiatives and discusses how virtual mobility can be mainstreamed, and what types of incentives are needed as a catalyst for development.

  • Bengtsson, Therese
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Biology and Environmental Science.
    ”Det är ljudmolekyler som flyger”: Elevers föreställningar om fenomenet ljud2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien är en kvalitativ studie som syftar till att kartlägga elevers föreställningar om ljudets spridning, utifrån vetenskapliga föreställningar och vardagsföreställning. Studien kartlägger även elevernas föreställningar om vad som påverkar ljudets hastighet. Den insamlade empirin bygger på elevintervjuer. Intervjuerna genomfördes med totalt 16 elever från årskurs 4 och 6, detta för att kunna jämföra elevernas föreställningar mellan årskurserna.

    Studien visar att elever anser att ljud är ett abstrakt ämne som de har svårt att förklara. Resultatet visar att elever i årskurs 4 och 6 har flertalet vardagsföreställningar om ljud. Vardagsföreställningarna i studien kan tolkas utifrån att eleverna använder sina erfarenheter och försöker skapa individuella förklaringar på abstrakta fenomen. En av de vanligaste vardagsföreställningarna som går att identifiera i denna studie är att ljud ses som en egen enhet. I intervjuerna visade det sig även att eleverna har föreställningar om ljudets hastighet som inte kan ses grundas på vetenskapliga föreställningar. Inga stora skillnader kunde identifieras mellan föreställningarna hos eleverna i årskurs 4 och 6, förutom användningen av fysikaliska begrepp.

  • de Menezes, Nicole Maria
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Design.
    Me, Myself and I: Designing a space for students to self-reflect  through self-portraiture.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor of Fine Arts), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Project focused on self-reflection and insight, linking these processes to an artistic one – painting. As a way to respond to the research question: Does self-portraiture have the potential to guide us through self-reflection and insight? Workshops combining art and ways of thinking were designed and facilitated by the author, with the aim of improving the self-reflection and insight of students at LNU, based on theories of brain function and thinking. Using the workshop format, the author guided the participants through an experience of introspection through painting self-portraits. Areas of design included workshop, collaborative and critical design. A simple three-step design process was employed to create the Project, focusing on What, How and Why. Next steps included prototyping, designing the questionnaires which students completed, designing the art workshops, and advertising the workshops across campus. Results included nine respondents to questionnaires, four participants in the final workshop, and an array of findings regarding the self-reflection process and insight experienced by students through the design process. Although limitations were experienced, including a small number of participants, the results of combining self-portraiture and self-reflection and insight were mainly positive. It was concluded that this process could be proposed as a means to enhance self-reflection amongst students. Recommendations from the workshops included scaling up the process to include greater numbers of students and reaching an agreement with LNU to hold periodic self-portraiture workshops throughout the academic year, to enhance students’ self-reflection, insight and art skills. The author concluded that by holding workshops to paint self-portraits, along with exercises in self-reflection and insight, she had created a safe space for reflection. In future, students could be provided with guidance and support to use art as a platform for improving Self-reflection and insight, and at the same time enhance their art skills and potentially improve their well-being.

  • Hedman, Mea-Louise
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Hildingsson, Jenny
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Isaksson, Julia
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Företagens hållbarhet ska hjälpa jordens sårbarhet: En kvalitativ studie om hållbarhetsredovisning i allmännyttiga bostadsföretag.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Syftet med uppsatsen är att undersöka på vilket sätt allmännyttiga bostadsföretags redovisningar har blivit påverkade av lagen om hållbarhetsredovisning. Särskilt vill vi skapa en förståelse för hur balansen ser ut mellan de tre dimensionerna. Vår förhoppning är att studiens resultat ska bidra till en förståelse kring varför hållbarhetsredovisningar ser ut som de gör.

    Metod: Vi har använts oss av en kvalitativ metod och en abduktiv forskningsansats. För att få en djupare förståelse av ämnet genomfördes åtta semistrukturerade intervjuer med de ansvariga för hållbarhetsredovisningen i olika allmännyttiga bostadsföretag.

    Slutsats: Vi har kommit fram till att lagen om hållbarhetsredovisning har haft en stor inverkan på redovisningen inom de allmännyttiga bostadsföretagen. Det har lett till att ett behov av en gemensam standard för framtagningen av en hållbarhetsredovisning har uppstått. Under studien framkom det även att den sociala dimensionen av hållbarhet är mer framträdande vilket har lett till en obalans mellan de tre dimensionerna.

  • Hamod, Maria
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Westin, Lovisa
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Livsmedelsbranschen kommer förändras!: En studie om hur REKO styrs och ger värde för sina intressenter2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Syftet med uppsatsen är att analysera hur styrning och organisering sker i REKO. Studien ämnar även att undersöka på vilket sätt konceptet REKO skapar värde. Uppsatsens långsiktiga syfte är att upplysa om alternativa och innovativa försäljningskanaler som uppstått i samband med digitalisering.

    Metod: I denna studie har en kvalitativ fallstudie tillämpats med en abduktiv ansats. Datainsamlingen har baserats på primär- och sekundärdata vilket har utformat empirin. Vi har genom semistrukturerade intervjuer och ett frågeformulär samlat in material från utvalda personer som är involverade i REKO-konceptet eller livsmedelsbranschen, för att få svar på våra frågeställningar.

    Resultat: Resultatet av studien visar att REKO-konceptet skapar i många avseenden närhet och sociala värden för inblandade intressenter. Vi fann att de sociala värden kunde vara utbyte av kunskap och direktkontakt. Vi ser även att administratörerna samordning är det som håller ihop konceptet men det är producenterna som har det främsta ansvaret.

  • Alstam, Kristina
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Forkby, Torbjörn
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Required alienation?: The monitored self in a health promotion programme in secondary schools of three Swedish municipalities2019In: Pedagogy, Culture & Society, ISSN 1468-1366, E-ISSN 1747-5104Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Promotion is an institutionally mediated effort to bolster or redirect a person’s health, strength, and other assets to build resilience. We analyse a Swedish version of the Life in Action promotion programme used in secondary schools in three municipalities. Focusing on types of alienation as framed in the programme, we argue that Life in Action’s treatment of the psyche as an object in need of conscious monitoring, nurturing, and enhancement of qualities such as positive attitude and self-discipline signals the teenage participants’ required alienation. Concluding the article, we discuss how this type of alienation may already be present in participating students, and also how it may be necessary for young people about to enter work-life in the era of late capitalism.

  • Bengtsson, Therese
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Physics and Electrical Engineering.
    "Det är ljudmolkyler som flyger": Elevers föreställningar om fenomenet ljud 2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien är en kvalitativ studie som syftar till att kartlägga elevers föreställningar om ljudets spridning, utifrån vetenskapliga föreställningar och vardagsföreställning. Studien kartlägger även elevernas föreställningar om vad som påverkar ljudets hastighet. Den insamlade empirin bygger på elevintervjuer. Intervjuerna genomfördes med totalt 16 elever från årskurs 4 och 6, detta för att kunna jämföra elevernas föreställningar mellan årskurserna.

     

    Studien visar att elever anser att ljud är ett abstrakt ämne som de har svårt att förklara. Resultatet visar att elever i årskurs 4 och 6 har flertalet vardagsföreställningar om ljud. Vardagsföreställningarna i studien kan tolkas utifrån att eleverna använder sina erfarenheter och försöker skapa individuella förklaringar på abstrakta fenomen. En av de vanligaste vardagsföreställningarna som går att identifiera i denna studie är att ljud ses som en egen enhet. I intervjuerna visade det sig även att eleverna har föreställningar om ljudets hastighet som inte kan ses grundas på vetenskapliga föreställningar. Inga stora skillnader kunde identifieras mellan föreställningarna hos eleverna i årskurs 4 och 6, förutom användningen av fysikaliska begrepp.

  • Bessing, Johan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Design.
    Snålandsstolen: Snåla with material resources2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor of Fine Arts), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a project about how the furniture industry could become more sustainable intheir waste handling. The project is based in Småland both geographically and interms of heritage and history in order to encourage locally produced products. Thecollaborators for this project are the two furniture companies Swedese andStrömslunds Snickerifabrik AB. Both companies have their production in Vaggeryd,Småland. Both companies are struggling with the waste that they produce. The aim ofthis project is to find a sustainable solution for their waste issue. In order to find asolution two theories are applied. The first one is industrial symbiosis which meansthat several industries can, by collaboration, profit from each other’s resources. Thesecond theory is circular economy which encourage remake, reuse or recycling of aproduct once it has reached its end of life. To prove that this solution would be possiblea hunting chair was made by combining the waste material that was gathered fromSwedese and Strömlunds. The decision to make a hunting chair was made to connectthe chair with the heritage of hunting and foresting in rural Småland. The making ofthe chair was different in the way that instead of that the designer would tell thematerial what was possible it was instead the material that decided the limitationsand possibilities. The final product fulfils its purpose and works perfectly for outdooractivities, even though some minor design decisions could have been changed. Theoutcome proves that Swedese and Strömslunds could benefit from working more withcircular economy and start cooperating in order to work as an industrial symbiosis.

  • Parsmo, Emma
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Design.
    Guzmán, Camilla
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Design.
    If Only...: A design exploration of kroppshets2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor of Fine Arts), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This design project explores the complexity of kroppshets on a sociocultural and individual level. The design research has studied patriarchal and capitalist structures and looked into industries that feed and benefit from women’s body dissatisfaction. It also looks closer at media and its part in maintaining and transmitting the unattainable body ideal created by these structures. Through autoethnographic methods and practise based research this project aims to visualise kroppshets and how it affects women in their everyday life. The project collaborates with a dozen of women that have, through interactive interviews, given a deeper insight of the subjective experience of kroppshets to add to a collective definition. The design research and its finding have resulted in a short film that give a glimpse into what situations kroppshets raise in everyday life and acknowledge women’s struggle to fit within patriarchal beauty standards. Through visualisation the issue is made accessible for a wider audience, raising awareness and making it a catalyst for change that hopefully can result in a more wholesome and sustainable life quality for women.

  • Hulling, Cornelia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Design.
    Cobalt Stories: Unearthing narratives through critical research and artistic practice2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor of Fine Arts), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This project is an exploration of practices around the critical raw materialcobalt, it’s history, and current relevance in Swedish discourse. Critical raw materials are identified by the European Commission as materials of high importance to the EU’s economic system as well as the high risks related to their supply and production. As the demand for cobalt grows due to it’s usefulness in rechargeable batteries in for example smartphones, laptops and electric cars, the metal is predicted to become scarce in a near future. In Sweden there is a discourse on whether or not to mine for cobalt, among other earth elements, locally, and the industry is lookingfor ways to recycle old rechargeable batteries at larger scales to secure the resource. The criticality of cobalt does not only concern supply and economic importance however. In Congo some mines have been reported to still be dug by hand, under extremely poor conditions and risking the health and safety of the workers, as well as the surrounding societies. Through a critical research and design process these topics are explored alongside the more locally known use of cobalt oxide as a vibrant blue colour pigment for ceramics and glass. With the process I aim to create a design that engages with the criticality as well as a designerly fascinationwith the material. The end result being a speculative design fiction of the mythological creature cobelt, and how complex narratives can be unearthed in craft based practice.

  • Xinyi, Lin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Design.
    Recycled Posthuman Furniture-What has furniture become2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Recycled Posthuman Furniture – What has furniture become is a project that aims to explore the relationship between humans and furniture from the post-humanist perspective. Post-humanism is understood here as our capacity of giving non-human items the sense of humanity in terms of ethics and effects. Accordingly, we might consider the furniture has some certain human values. Therefore, this paper aims to demonstrate a new relationship compared with current states through a transdisciplinary design and speculative design with the goal of changing people’s understanding towards discarded furniture. Through the knowledge of current issues, this paper is tended to bring different perspectives of thoughts and questions in order to be aware of surrounding issues with the hope of changing current states to deliver a better future by chance. As the result, this paper puts forward a new sustainable lifestyle which advocates equality and inclusiveness among human and nonhuman and thus helps to solve survival crisis. Human is not the almighty of the world and all the existences are valuable as well. As humans, we must change our thinking patterns and begin accepting and treating other nonhuman equally. We are required to wake emotions that are hiding deep down in our heart and apply them on furniture and treat rejected and abandoned furniture as human. Only in this way can we decrease environmental pressure, reduce the discharge of solid waste and deal with the global crisis. Taking furniture as a start, humans should open their emotions and care for all objects that are living on the earth, focus on collective interest instead of individual interest.

  • Gilbert, Elisa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Design.
    The future of the workplace: How can office furniture companies create circular business models while supporting the changing world of work?2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The contemporary economic, social and environmental context is at the edge of change. Governments, individuals and, companies need to take drastic measures to save the planet Earth. It has been globally communicated and understood that our lifestyle is not sustainable. If we do not transform how we produce, consume, travel and live, the future generation’s ability to evolve in the world we know today might be compromised. The study is using the Circular Economy as a way to rethink industries and furniture usage. In this case, the researcher inquired the office furniture industries. The goal at the end of the research process is to find an alternative to the linear business model established in the office furniture industry. The project is providing a holistic vision on the furniture’s journey from production to recycling. The proposal is based on the analysis of the current state of the office furniture industry to transform the linear business model to a circular model. The research was mainly lead thanks to three collaborators. The most important collaborator in the study is Steelcase. The company is the leader and expert in the office furniture field. Thanks to one year of experience at Steelcase, the researcher acquired deep knowledge about the office furniture industry in the heart of the industry of interest. It allowed to collect valuable information to understand the challenges office furniture industries are facing. And, finally, analyse the potential and challenges the transition from a linear to a circular business model represents for office furniture companies. The researcher also gained knowledge from dealers working at Blanchet-D’Huismes, who have a lot of expertise about the workplace and the office furniture industry. Finally, the last collaborator involved in the study is WeWork, a company renting workplaces, which represent the new business models appearing in the office industry. The research is lead from a designer’s point of view. Thanks to the experience and conversations with professionals from the workplace industry, valuable knowledge was acquired. With a deep understanding of the office furniture industry, the researcher designed a circular model. In order to share the findings of the research, the model was visualised with diagrams which allow anyone from the office furniture industry to understand the project. The goal of the project is to communicate the issues with the current model and propose a new approach to how the workplace could be furnished in the future.

  • Hu, Yiqiu
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Design.
    Souvenir = Authentic+sustainable: a guide for designers2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The designer explores how to improve souvenir design in the real market by questioning the issues of authenticity and the need of sustainable strategies. It takes the city of Växjö as a start point for a touristic place and analyses different categories. Through observations and interviews, the issues are confirmed and a design brief is made. Based on theories of product semantics and emotional design, the result from the investigation summarised to suggest guide for souvenir design. The guide is illustrated in a series of videos meant to anyone working in the souvenir industry.

  • Gustafsson, Daniel
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Design.
    TRANSFIXED BY MATTER: Sports equipment for disobedient bodies2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With this project, I wish to question the processes of designing for normative, active bodies and create opportunities for more inclusive and democratic sports. It aims to render and re-engineer sports equipment as we know them.  

    The design thesis has been developed based on research and experiences of exclusion regarding accessible equipment for Parasports. From a norm-critical standpoint, my collaborator Ebba and I have therefore developed a new Paralympic seat and back support for the sport of rowing. As a norm-creative innovation, its design addresses the particularities of the individual body and its specific needs. 

    The project investigates the combination of co-creation, craft and norm-creative methods as a pragmatic and alternative approach to sports equipment. By 3D scanning Ebba’s body, digital and physical iterations were in combination with manual crafts, principles of the making. The result shows great potential as the equipment are fully functional, it consists of a sandwich construction with a (Nomex) core and layers of high modulus carbon fibre. The back support is adjustable in four axis points. 

    I state that if we want to engage in sustainable sports equipment, the notions of co-creation, norm-criticality and crafts have good potential in formulating inclusive and accessible outcomes that are both desirable, valuable and satisfying for people with disobedient bodies.