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Schimmack, U. & Carlsson, R. (2020). Young unarmed nonsuicidal male victims of fatal use of force are 13 times more likely to be Black than White [Letter to the editor]. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 117(3), 1263-1263
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Young unarmed nonsuicidal male victims of fatal use of force are 13 times more likely to be Black than White
2020 (engelsk)Inngår i: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, ISSN 0027-8424, E-ISSN 1091-6490, Vol. 117, nr 3, s. 1263-1263Artikkel i tidsskrift, Letter (Fagfellevurdert) Published
sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
The National Academy of Sciences, 2020
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Samhällsvetenskap, Psykologi; Samhällsvetenskap, Psykologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-91746 (URN)10.1073/pnas.1917915117 (DOI)000508977600010 ()31964782 (PubMedID)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2020-02-03 Laget: 2020-02-03 Sist oppdatert: 2020-02-21bibliografisk kontrollert
Carlsson, R., Lindqvist, P. & Nordänger, U. K. (2019). Is teacher attrition a poor estimate of the value of teacher education? A Swedish case.. European Journal of Teacher Education, 42(2), 243-257
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Is teacher attrition a poor estimate of the value of teacher education? A Swedish case.
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: European Journal of Teacher Education, ISSN 0261-9768, E-ISSN 1469-5928, Vol. 42, nr 2, s. 243-257Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Far from all who complete teacher education end up working as teachers throughout their entire career. At first sight the value of teacher education, in terms of efficiency, seems to be a failure. In the present article we argue that teacher attrition, when defined as whether one is working as teacher or not, is a too blunt measure to gauge whether teacher education has been valuable. With a unique dataset, where we have detailed information on 87 Swedish teacher graduates’ working life across 23 years, we can consider whether activities and/or experiences point to an apparent use of teacher education. In conclusion, we find that in order to get informative estimates of its value it is important to consider it from different perspectives and to consider attrition related to the total working time spent in educational settings across a career rather than percentage leaving teaching after a set of years.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Taylor & Francis, 2019
Emneord
teacher attrition, teacher education, teacher career
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Pedagogik och Utbildningsvetenskap, Pedagogik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-80668 (URN)10.1080/02619768.2019.1566315 (DOI)2-s2.0-85060151390 (Scopus ID)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-02-19 Laget: 2019-02-19 Sist oppdatert: 2019-08-29bibliografisk kontrollert
Lindersson, L., Guntell, L., Carlsson, R. & Agerström, J. (2019). Reassessing the impact of descriptive norms on charitable giving. International Journal of Nonprofit & Voluntary Sector Marketing, 24(1), 1-6, Article ID e1617.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Reassessing the impact of descriptive norms on charitable giving
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: International Journal of Nonprofit & Voluntary Sector Marketing, ISSN 1465-4520, E-ISSN 1479-103X, Vol. 24, nr 1, s. 1-6, artikkel-id e1617Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

The usefulness of conveying descriptive norms (“this is what most people do”) for prosocial purposes such as environmental conservation and charitable giving has recently been called into question. Two experiments (N = 748) evaluated the hypothesis that descriptive norms increase people's intentions to donate to charity. Overall, the results supported this hypothesis. Another aim was to examine the robustness of the local norm superiority effect that proposes that the local norms of one's immediate environment are superior to other descriptive norms (global and social identity norms). This hypothesis was not supported. The results suggest that differences between different types of norms are likely to be small.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Wiley-Blackwell, 2019
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Samhällsvetenskap, Psykologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-77848 (URN)10.1002/nvsm.1617 (DOI)000458529200001 ()2-s2.0-85061091090 (Scopus ID)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-09-19 Laget: 2018-09-19 Sist oppdatert: 2019-08-29bibliografisk kontrollert
Carlsson, R., Agerström, J., Williams, D. & Burns, G. N. (2018). A Primer on the benefits of differential treatment analysis when predicting discriminatory behavior. Quantitative Methods for Psychology, 14(3), 193-198
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>A Primer on the benefits of differential treatment analysis when predicting discriminatory behavior
2018 (engelsk)Inngår i: Quantitative Methods for Psychology, E-ISSN 2292-1354, Vol. 14, nr 3, s. 193-198Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

A central question in social psychology is to what extent individual differences in attitudes, prejudices, and stereotypes can predict discriminatory behavior. This is often studied by simply regressing a measure of behavior toward a single group (e.g., behavior toward Black people only) onto the predictors (e.g., attitude measures). In the present paper, we remind researchers that an analysis focusing on predicting the differential treatment (e.g., behavior towards Black people vs. White people) has a higher conceptual validity and will result in more informative effect sizes. The paper is concluded with a list of suggestions for future research on the link between attitudes, prejudices, stereotypes and discrimination.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Ottawa: University of Ottawa, 2018
Emneord
Discrimination, attitudes, stereotypes, prejudice, methodology
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Samhällsvetenskap, Psykologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-79525 (URN)10.20982/tqmp.14.3.p193 (DOI)000447603000004 ()
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-01-15 Laget: 2019-01-15 Sist oppdatert: 2019-07-09bibliografisk kontrollert
Lakens, D., Adolfi, F. G., Albers, C. J., Anvari, F., Apps, M. A. J., Argamon, S. E., . . . Zwaan, R. A. (2018). Justify your alpha. Nature Human Behaviour, 2(3), 168-171
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Justify your alpha
Vise andre…
2018 (engelsk)Inngår i: Nature Human Behaviour, E-ISSN 2397-3374, Vol. 2, nr 3, s. 168-171Artikkel i tidsskrift, Editorial material (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

In response to recommendations to redefine statistical significance to P ≤ 0.005, we propose that researchers should transparently report and justify all choices they make when designing a study, including the alpha level.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Nature Publishing Group, 2018
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Samhällsvetenskap, Psykologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-80520 (URN)10.1038/s41562-018-0311-x (DOI)000435522800003 ()
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-02-13 Laget: 2019-02-13 Sist oppdatert: 2019-12-06bibliografisk kontrollert
Silberzahn, R., Uhlmann, E., Martin, D., Anselmi, P., Aust, F., Awtrey, E., . . . Nosek, B. (2018). Many analysts, one dataset: Making transparent how variations in analytical choices affect results. Advances in Methods and Practices in Psychological Science, 1(3), 337-356
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Many analysts, one dataset: Making transparent how variations in analytical choices affect results
Vise andre…
2018 (engelsk)Inngår i: Advances in Methods and Practices in Psychological Science, ISSN 2515-2459, Vol. 1, nr 3, s. 337-356Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Twenty-nine teams involving 61 analysts used the same dataset to address the same research question: whether soccer referees are more likely to give red cards to dark skin toned players than light skin toned players. Analytic approaches varied widely across teams, and estimated effect sizes ranged from 0.89 to 2.93 in odds ratio units, with a median of 1.31. Twenty teams (69%) found a statistically significant positive effect and nine teams (31%) observed a non-significant relationship. Overall 29 differentanalyses used 21 unique combinations of covariates. We found that neither analysts' prior beliefs about the effect, nor their level of expertise, nor peer-reviewed quality of analysis readily explained variation in analysis outcomes. This suggests that significant variation in the results of analyses of complex data may be difficult to avoid, even by experts with honest intentions. Crowdsourcing data analysis, a strategy by which numerous research teams are recruited to simultaneously investigate the same research question, makes transparent how defensible, yet subjective analytic choices influence research results.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Sage Publications, 2018
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Samhällsvetenskap, Psykologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-70907 (URN)10.1177/2515245917747646 (DOI)
Merknad

Correction published in: Corrigendum: Many Analysts, One Data Set: Making Transparent How Variations in Analytic Choices Affect Results. (2018). Advances in Methods and Practices in Psychological Science. https://doi.org/10.1177/2515245918810511

Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-02-14 Laget: 2018-02-14 Sist oppdatert: 2018-12-11bibliografisk kontrollert
Carlsson, R. & Sinclair, S. (2018). Prototypes and same-gender bias in perceptions of hiring discrimination. Journal of Social Psychology, 158(3), 285-297
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Prototypes and same-gender bias in perceptions of hiring discrimination
2018 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Social Psychology, ISSN 0022-4545, E-ISSN 1940-1183, Vol. 158, nr 3, s. 285-297Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

The present study investigated the relative importance of two explanations behind perceptions of gender discrimination in hiring: prototypes and same- gender bias. According to the prototype explanation, people perceive an event as discrimination to the extent that it fits their preconceptions of typical discrimination. In contrast, the same-gender bias explanation asserts that people more readily detect discrimination toward members of their own gender. In four experiments (n = 797), women and men made considerably stronger discrimination attributions, and were moderately more discouraged from seeking work, when the victim was female rather than male. Further, a series of regressions analyses showed beliefs in discrimination of women to be moderately correlated with discrimination attributions of female victims, but little added explanatory value of participant gender, stigma consciousness, or feminist identification. The results offer strong support for the prototype explanation. 

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Taylor & Francis, 2018
Emneord
Gender, In-group bias, Perceived discrimination, Prototypes
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Samhällsvetenskap, Psykologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-67323 (URN)10.1080/00224545.2017.1341374 (DOI)000428207700002 ()28614000 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85028562522 (Scopus ID)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-08-21 Laget: 2017-08-21 Sist oppdatert: 2019-08-29bibliografisk kontrollert
Durante, F., Fiske, S. T., Gelfand, M., Crippa, F., Suttora, C., Stillwell, A., . . . Teymoori, A. (2017). Ambivalent stereotypes link to peace, conflict, and inequality across 38 nations. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 114(4), 669-674
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Ambivalent stereotypes link to peace, conflict, and inequality across 38 nations
Vise andre…
2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, ISSN 0027-8424, E-ISSN 1091-6490, Vol. 114, nr 4, s. 669-674Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

A cross-national study, 49 samples in 38 nations (n = 4,344), inves- tigates whether national peace and conflict reflect ambivalent warmth and competence stereotypes: High-conflict societies (Pakistan) may need clearcut, unambivalent group images distinguishing friends from foes. Highly peaceful countries (Denmark) also may need less ambivalence because most groups occupy the shared national identity, with only a few outcasts. Finally, nations with interme- diate conflict (United States) may need ambivalence to justify more complex intergroup-system stability. Using the Global Peace Index to measure conflict, a curvilinear (quadratic) relationship be- tween ambivalence and conflict highlights how both extremely peaceful and extremely conflictual countries display lower stereo- type ambivalence, whereas countries intermediate on peace-conflict present higher ambivalence. These data also replicated a linear inequality–ambivalence relationship. 

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
National Academy of Sciences, 2017
Emneord
stereotypes, peace, conflict, inequality, ambivalence
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Samhällsvetenskap, Psykologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-59715 (URN)10.1073/pnas.1611874114 (DOI)000392597000038 ()2-s2.0-85010928377 (Scopus ID)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-01-10 Laget: 2017-01-10 Sist oppdatert: 2019-09-06bibliografisk kontrollert
Carlsson, R., Schimmack, U., Williams, D. & Bürkner, P.-C. (2017). Bayes Factors From Pooled Data Are No Substitute for Bayesian Meta-Analysis: Commentary on Scheibehenne, Jamil, and Wagenmakers (2016) [Letter to the editor]. Psychological Science, 28(11), 1694-1697
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Bayes Factors From Pooled Data Are No Substitute for Bayesian Meta-Analysis: Commentary on Scheibehenne, Jamil, and Wagenmakers (2016)
2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: Psychological Science, ISSN 0956-7976, E-ISSN 1467-9280, Vol. 28, nr 11, s. 1694-1697Artikkel i tidsskrift, Letter (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Scheibehenne, Jamil, and Wagenmakers (2016; SJW) recently introduced Bayesian evidence synthesis (BES). They used it to combine evidence from seven published studies that examined the influence of social-norm messages on hotel towel reuse rates. Although most of the original studies provided non-significant results (p-value > .05), BES provided strong support for the effect (Bayes factor = 37). We think that this conclusion is wrong. We demonstrate that BES is inherently flawed because it pools data in a way that is vulnerable to a Simpson’s paradox, and that a Bayesian meta-analysis that avoids this problem produces weaker evidence. 

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Sage Publications, 2017
Emneord
Meta-analysis, Bayesian, Social norms
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Samhällsvetenskap, Psykologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-59448 (URN)10.1177/0956797616684682 (DOI)000414656900014 ()28910202 (PubMedID)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2016-12-21 Laget: 2016-12-21 Sist oppdatert: 2018-05-31bibliografisk kontrollert
Williams, D., Carlsson, R. & Bürkner, P.-C. (2017). Between-litter variation in developmental studies of hormones and behavior: Inflated false positives and diminished power. Frontiers in neuroendocrinology (Print), 47, 154-166
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Between-litter variation in developmental studies of hormones and behavior: Inflated false positives and diminished power
2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: Frontiers in neuroendocrinology (Print), ISSN 0091-3022, E-ISSN 1095-6808, Vol. 47, s. 154-166Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Developmental studies of hormones and behavior often include littermates—rodent siblings that share early-life experiences and genes. Due to between-litter variation (i.e., litter effects), the statistical assumption of independent observations is untenable. In two literatures—natural variation in maternal care and prenatal stress—entire litters are categorized based on maternal behavior or experimental condition. Here, we (1) review both literatures; (2) simulate false positive rates for commonly used statistical methods in each literature; and (3) characterize small sample performance of multilevel models (MLM) and generalized estimating equations (GEE). We found that the assumption of independence was routinely violated (>85%), false positives (α = 0.05) exceeded nominal levels (up to 0.70), and power (1−β) rarely surpassed 0.80 (even for optimistic sample and effect sizes). Additionally, we show that MLMs and GEEs have adequate performance for common research designs. We discuss implications for the extant literature, the field of behavioral neuroendocrinology, and provide recommendations.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Elsevier, 2017
Emneord
Hormones and behavior, False Positives, Litter Effects
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Samhällsvetenskap, Psykologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-68404 (URN)10.1016/j.yfrne.2017.08.003 (DOI)000412154600010 ()28837830 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85028583521 (Scopus ID)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-10-20 Laget: 2017-10-20 Sist oppdatert: 2019-09-06bibliografisk kontrollert
Organisasjoner
Identifikatorer
ORCID-id: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-6456-5735