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Ritchie, B. W., Sie, L., Gössling, S. & Dwyer, L. (2020). Effects of climate change policies on aviation carbon offsetting: a three-year panel study. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 28(2), 337-360
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Effects of climate change policies on aviation carbon offsetting: a three-year panel study
2020 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Sustainable Tourism, ISSN 0966-9582, E-ISSN 1747-7646, Vol. 28, nr 2, s. 337-360Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Air travel is predicted to grow over the coming decades contributing to carbon emissions. Airlines have offered voluntary carbon offsetting for over a decade, yet less than 10% of air travellers purchase them. Previous studies ignore the broader policy or social context of sustainable transport and aviation offsetting. In a natural experiment, a panel of the same Australian residents was tracked over a three-year period before and after the historic COP21. A novel hierarchical model was also tested using Partial Least Squares SEM. Although behaviour specific attitudes and social norms were more influential at encouraging aviation carbon offsetting, global policy knowledge and effectiveness of climate change policies play an important role. Although no changes in ratings were detected over a three-year period, the effect of social norms on encouraging aviation offsetting became stronger in later years. Implications and future research directions to better understand the political and social context of carbon offsetting and sustainable transport are provided.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Taylor & Francis, 2020
Emneord
Carbon offsetting, Air travel, Tourist behaviour, Climate policy, COP21
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Turismvetenskap; Naturvetenskap, Miljövetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-86918 (URN)10.1080/09669582.2019.1624762 (DOI)000472798000001 ()
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-07-18 Laget: 2019-07-18 Sist oppdatert: 2020-03-13bibliografisk kontrollert
Gössling, S. (2020). Integrating e-scooters in urban transportation: Problems, policies, and the prospect of system change. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 79, 1-12, Article ID 102230.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Integrating e-scooters in urban transportation: Problems, policies, and the prospect of system change
2020 (engelsk)Inngår i: Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, ISSN 1361-9209, E-ISSN 1879-2340, Vol. 79, s. 1-12, artikkel-id 102230Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Throughout the world, cities seek to ease transport-related problems of congestion, air pollution, noise, and traffic injuries. Urban transport planners have welcomed e-scooters as an alternative to motorized individual transport, specifically the car. The public has met e-scooters with both enthusiasm and scepticism, as cities have struggled with unforeseen outcomes such as forms of irresponsible riding, cluttering, or vandalism. This paper investigates the challenges associated with the introduction of e-scooters in ten major cities, based on a content analysis of local media reports. News items (n = 173) were identified through Internet searches and include print media, TV and radio websites. Concerns prior to and after the introduction of e-scooters are assessed, analysed, and interpreted in the context of new policies for this transport mode. Results suggest that many cities have moved through trial and error stages in their search for appropriate legislation. The paper concludes that it is prudent for urban planners to introduce policies regarding maximum speeds, mandatory use of bicycle infrastructure, and dedicated parking, as well as to limit the number of licensed operators. Where negative public opinion can be averted, e-scooters stand a chance to become a disruptive niche innovation with the potential to transform urban transport systems.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Elsevier, 2020
Emneord
E-scooters, Micromobility, Transport planning, Transport policy, Urban planning
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Ekonomi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-93001 (URN)10.1016/j.trd.2020.102230 (DOI)000517854400012 ()
Tilgjengelig fra: 2020-03-19 Laget: 2020-03-19 Sist oppdatert: 2020-03-19bibliografisk kontrollert
Gössling, S., Scott, D. & Hall, C. M. (2020). Pandemics, tourism and global change: a rapid assessment of COVID-19. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 1-20
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Pandemics, tourism and global change: a rapid assessment of COVID-19
2020 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Sustainable Tourism, ISSN 0966-9582, E-ISSN 1747-7646, s. 1-20Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

The novel coronavirus (COVID-19) is challenging the world. With no vaccine and limited medical capacity to treat the disease, nonpharmaceutical interventions (NPI) are the main strategy to contain the pandemic. Unprecedented global travel restrictions and stay-at-home orders are causing the most severe disruption of the global economy since World War II. With international travel bans affecting over 90% of the world population and wide-spread restrictions on public gatherings and community mobility, tourism largely ceased in March 2020. Early evidence on impacts on air travel, cruises, and accommodations have been devastating. While highly uncertain, early projections from UNWTO for 2020 suggest international arrivals could decline by 20 to 30% relative to 2019. Tourism is especially susceptible to measures to counteract pandemics because of restricted mobility and social distancing. The paper compares the impacts of COVID-19 to previous epidemic/pandemics and other types of global crises and explores how the pandemic may change society, the economy, and tourism. It discusses why COVID-19 is an analogue to the ongoing climate crisis, and why there is a need to question the volume growth tourism model advocated by UNWTO, ICAO, CLIA, WTTC and other tourism organizations.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Channel View Publications, 2020
Emneord
Global change, COVID-19, pandemic, crisis, travel restrictions, tourism demand, resilience
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Turismvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-95416 (URN)10.1080/09669582.2020.1758708 (DOI)000532557100001 ()
Merknad

Bibliografiskt granskad

Tilgjengelig fra: 2020-06-03 Laget: 2020-06-03 Sist oppdatert: 2020-06-03
Hall, C. M., Scott, D. & Gössling, S. (2020). Pandemics, transformations and tourism: be careful what you wish for. Tourism Geographies, 1-22
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Pandemics, transformations and tourism: be careful what you wish for
2020 (engelsk)Inngår i: Tourism Geographies, ISSN 1461-6688, E-ISSN 1470-1340, s. 1-22Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Disease outbreaks and pandemics have long played a role in societal and economic change. However, the nature of such change is selective, meaning that it is sometimes minimal and, at other times, and change or transformation may be unexpected, potentially even reinforcing contemporary paradigms. A comprehensive overview of pandemics and their effects is provided. This is used to help contextualise the COVID-19 pandemic, its impact on tourism and government, industry and consumer response. Drawing on the available literature, factors that will affect tourism and destination recovery are then identified. Some measures will continue or even expand present growth orientations in tourism while others may contribute to sustainability. It is concluded that that the selective nature of the effects of COVID-19 and the measures to contain it may lead to reorientation of tourism in some cases, but in others will contribute to policies reflecting the selfish nationalism of some countries. However, the response to planetary limits and sustainable tourism requires a global approach. Despite clear evidence of this necessity, the possibility for a comprehensive transformation of the tourism system remains extremely limited without a fundamental transformation of the entire planet.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Taylor & Francis Group, 2020
Emneord
COVID-19, disaster recovery, sustainable tourism, disaster management, pandemic impact, pandemic response, crisis management, resilience, tourism policy, third-order change
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Turismvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-95417 (URN)10.1080/14616688.2020.1759131 (DOI)000532009600001 ()
Merknad

Bibliografiskt granskad

Tilgjengelig fra: 2020-06-03 Laget: 2020-06-03 Sist oppdatert: 2020-06-03
Gössling, S., Zeiss, H., Hall, C. M., Martin-Rios, C., Ram, Y. & Grøtte, I.-P. (2019). A cross-country comparison of accommodation manager perspectives on online review manipulation. Current Issues in Tourism, 22(14), 1744-1763
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>A cross-country comparison of accommodation manager perspectives on online review manipulation
Vise andre…
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Current Issues in Tourism, ISSN 1368-3500, E-ISSN 1747-7603, Vol. 22, nr 14, s. 1744-1763Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Accommodation businesses are increasingly dependent on a limited number of reservation platforms. A significant feature of these platforms is guest evaluations, which are transformed into ratings and rankings. As the positioning of the business in comparison to competitors determines customer demand, accommodation managers have considerable interest in maintaining or improving their online reputation. One response may be to engage in manipulation strategies. This paper presents the results of a survey including 270 hotel managers in five countries, Germany, Israel, Norway, Sweden and Switzerland. Managers confirm growing competition as a result of ratings and rankings, and they report that guests are increasingly aware of the importance of reviews. To avert negative online feedback impacts, managers intervene strategically. The paper discusses new market pressures, emergent consumer judgement culture and consumer citizenship, opportunities for legal redress and the emerging importance of reputation management strategies.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Taylor & Francis, 2019
Emneord
Consumer citizenship, hotels, manipulation, online reviews, rankings, ratings
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Turismvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-72449 (URN)10.1080/13683500.2018.1455171 (DOI)000472759400008 ()2-s2.0-85044251436 (Scopus ID)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-04-09 Laget: 2018-04-09 Sist oppdatert: 2019-07-18bibliografisk kontrollert
Gössling, S., Hanna, P., Higham, J., Cohen, S. & Hopkins, D. (2019). Can we fly less?: Evaluating the 'necessity' of air travel. Journal of Air Transport Management, 81, Article ID 101722.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Can we fly less?: Evaluating the 'necessity' of air travel
Vise andre…
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Air Transport Management, ISSN 0969-6997, E-ISSN 1873-2089, Vol. 81, artikkel-id 101722Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Air travel is often justified as 'necessary' or 'unavoidable', in the sense that trips have purpose and value. Yet it is evident that people travel for reasons that may include forced and voluntary movement, with motives ranging from visiting friends and family, to leisure, or business. In light of the challenge to decarbonise transport, and the need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, this paper discusses the perceived necessity of flight from individual and societal perspectives, while considering moral and economic viewpoints. It suggests that travel motives have different degrees of 'urgency', and that the 'necessity of flight' cannot be generalised. To empirically test this hypothesis in an exploratory survey, we used mixed methods to examine the perspectives of 29 international students at Lund University, Sweden on the perceived importance of their flights (n = 587) over a six-year period (2012-2017). Results show that the value associated with individual flights depends on flight motive, experience, life stage, or situational factors. Notably, almost half of the leisure flights made lack importance. Implications are discussed in the context of climate policy and the future development of the aviation system.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Elsevier, 2019
Emneord
Aviation, Climate policy, Flight shame, Induced demand, Paris agreement, Travel motives
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Turismvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-90082 (URN)10.1016/j.jairtraman.2019.101722 (DOI)000493217600003 ()
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-11-19 Laget: 2019-11-19 Sist oppdatert: 2019-11-19bibliografisk kontrollert
Gössling, S. (2019). Celebrities, air travel, and social norms. Annals of Tourism Research, 79, 1-13, Article ID 102775.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Celebrities, air travel, and social norms
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Annals of Tourism Research, ISSN 0160-7383, E-ISSN 1873-7722, Vol. 79, s. 1-13, artikkel-id 102775Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

The year 2018 saw the rise of a new global youth movement, Fridays for Future. The organization underlines the importance of personal accountability for greenhouse gas emissions, specifically in the context of air travel. This position is in stark contrast to views associating aeromobility with status. Celebrities in particular maintain personal brands based on frequent flying. This paper assesses the aeromobilities of celebrities, for which it develops a netnography-based methodology that tracks spatial movement on the basis of social media posts. Data is analyzed to determine travel patterns, distances flown, and fuel consumed. Findings are discussed in terms of the energy-intensity of celebrity lifestyles and the struggle over moral and social norms regarding personal accountability for contributions to climate change.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Elsevier, 2019
Emneord
Air travel, Celebrities, Carbon inequality, Climate change, Fridays for Future, Moral and social norms
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Turismvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-90625 (URN)10.1016/j.annals.2019.102775 (DOI)000500203000015 ()
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-12-19 Laget: 2019-12-19 Sist oppdatert: 2019-12-19bibliografisk kontrollert
Simonsen, M., Gössling, S. & Walnum, H. J. (2019). Cruise ship emissions in Norwegian waters: A geographical analysis. Journal of Transport Geography, 78, 87-97
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Cruise ship emissions in Norwegian waters: A geographical analysis
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Transport Geography, ISSN 0966-6923, E-ISSN 1873-1236, Vol. 78, s. 87-97Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Cruises are one of the fastest growing and most energy-intense tourism segments, accounting for significant emissions of greenhouse gases, as well as air pollutants such as nitrous oxide (NOx) and particulate matter (PM2.5). International measures to limit the sector's environmental impacts have so far had no significant effects. This highlights the importance of national, regional or port-specific policies, as implemented or in planning by countries such as Norway. In order to monitor and evaluate the effectiveness of such policies, it is necessary to better understand emissions. This paper models the amount of carbon dioxide (CO2), NOx and PM2.5 emitted at sea and in port in Norwegian waters. Results show that 81 cruise ships of various sizes sailed Norwegian waters in 2017, consuming 129,798 t of fuel and emitting 0.4 Mt of CO2, as well as 7184 t of NOx and 132 t of PM2.5. About 14.6% of these pollutants are deposited in ports, particularly Bergen, Oslo and Stavanger. Findings also confirm considerable differences in the environmental performance of cruise ships, and can be used to design maritime policies forcing cruise operators to introduce cleaner technologies and to rethink operational practices.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Elsevier, 2019
Emneord
Air pollution, Climate change, Cruises, Emissions, Maritime policy, Ports
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Sjöfart; Turismvetenskap; Naturvetenskap, Miljövetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-89288 (URN)10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2019.05.014 (DOI)000483416200008 ()
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-09-25 Laget: 2019-09-25 Sist oppdatert: 2019-09-25bibliografisk kontrollert
Peeters, P., Higham, J., Cohen, S., Eijgelaar, E. & Gössling, S. (2019). Desirable tourism transport futures. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 27(2), 173-188
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Desirable tourism transport futures
Vise andre…
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Sustainable Tourism, ISSN 0966-9582, E-ISSN 1747-7646, Vol. 27, nr 2, s. 173-188Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

The challenge of mitigating climate change is critical to desirable tourism transportation futures, although to date relatively little attention has been paid to this aspect of sustainable tourism. This introductory article to the special issues on 'Desirable Tourism Transport Futures' explores approaches to transitioning the tourism sector to a sustainable emissions path. It starts by describing an undesirable tourism transport future associated with a business-as-usual scenario, which will inevitably cause the climate mitigation goals outlined in the Paris Climate Accord to soon become unattainable. We then outline a scenario for a climatically desirable future, and its social and economic implications. It is important that desirable tourism transport futures are critically considered in terms of both spatial and temporal scale. The scenarios that inform this editorial provide some insights at the long-term macro-scale. These scenarios are associated with desirable and undesirable elements that will no doubt continue to be the subject of much debate and contestation. While these scenarios will represent both opportunities and threats to the full spectrum of tourism industry stakeholders, they should also inform manifold avenues of future research at a critical moment in the evolution of tourism transportation and the pursuit of the UN Sustainable Development Goals.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Taylor & Francis Group, 2019
Emneord
Tourism transportation, futures, scenarios, policy, desirability, climate change
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Turismvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-81704 (URN)10.1080/09669582.2018.1477785 (DOI)000461816100001 ()2-s2.0-85052126056 (Scopus ID)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-04-05 Laget: 2019-04-05 Sist oppdatert: 2019-08-29bibliografisk kontrollert
Bausch, T., Humpe, A. & Gössling, S. (2019). Does Climate Change Influence Guest Loyalty at Alpine Winter Destinations?. Sustainability, 11(15), 1-22, Article ID 4233.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Does Climate Change Influence Guest Loyalty at Alpine Winter Destinations?
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, nr 15, s. 1-22, artikkel-id 4233Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Research has dealt extensively with different aspects of climate change and winter tourism such as the impact on ski resorts and ski lift operators, adaptation strategies, governance at destinations and reactions of winter sports guests to changing snow conditions. This paper goes deeper into the question of destination choice and examines the role of climate change among the many factors affecting guest loyalty at Alpine winter destinations. The study uses an established destination choice model with choice sets, destination image and dynamic feedback loop. A qualitative online forum identifies factors influencing winter destination choice, followed by a quantitative survey which compares Alpine winter holidaymakers categorised as loyal, disloyal and undecided. The results demonstrate that climate change clearly influences destination choice, but snow sports are not the only affected attractors. Enjoyment of the natural environment and value for money are just as high on the list of guest motivators. This indicates that climate change adaptation measures such as snowmaking can be counterproductive to guest loyalty because they spoil the natural scenery and raise prices. The paper concludes with a recommendation for winter destinations to prioritize conservation of the natural environment and integrate more environmental protection measures into their management strategies.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
MDPI, 2019
Emneord
climate change, destination choice, destination loyalty, winter tourism, ski resorts, climate adaptation, Alpine tourism
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Turismvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-89419 (URN)10.3390/su11154233 (DOI)000485230200238 ()
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-10-03 Laget: 2019-10-03 Sist oppdatert: 2019-10-03bibliografisk kontrollert
Organisasjoner
Identifikatorer
ORCID-id: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-0505-9207