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Ekberg, J. & Lindh, T. (2016). Immigrants in the Old-Age Pension System: The Case of Sweden. International migration (Geneva. Print), 54(5), 5-14
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Immigrants in the Old-Age Pension System: The Case of Sweden
2016 (engelsk)Inngår i: International migration (Geneva. Print), ISSN 0020-7985, E-ISSN 1468-2435, Vol. 54, nr 5, s. 5-14Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

The article investigates incomes and especially state pensions 2008 among elderly immigrants who arrived in Sweden before 1970. At age 70 and above, the level of state old-age pension for immigrant men was nearly the same and for immigrant women somewhat higher than for natives with similar characteristics. At age 65-66 the state pension was lower for immigrants than for their native counterparts. The differences in pensions for immigrants of different ages are probably due to changed rules in the Swedish state old-age pension system from 2003. The new rules have hit different age groups in different ways. The gaps are partially levelled out when other incomes are included. The extent to which levelling occurs varies greatly between different immigrant groups. For immigrants who have arrived during the last decades, the future state old-age pension outcomes are expected to be worse.

HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Ekonomi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-57608 (URN)10.1111/imig.12117 (DOI)000384378200002 ()2-s2.0-84879056666 (Scopus ID)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2016-10-27 Laget: 2016-10-25 Sist oppdatert: 2019-02-22bibliografisk kontrollert
Hollander, A.-C., Bruce, D., Ekberg, J., Burstrom, B. & Ekblad, S. (2013). Hospitalisation for depressive disorder following unemployment-differentials by gender and immigrant status: a population-based cohort study in Sweden. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 67(10), 875-881
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Hospitalisation for depressive disorder following unemployment-differentials by gender and immigrant status: a population-based cohort study in Sweden
Vise andre…
2013 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, ISSN 0143-005X, E-ISSN 1470-2738, Vol. 67, nr 10, s. 875-881Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Background The association between unemployment and poor mental health in general is explained by both causation and selection. The aim was to study whether experiencing unemployment was a risk factor for hospitalisation for depressive disorder specifically, and whether gender and immigrant status modified the hypothesised risk. Methods A register-based prospective cohort study, 2000-2006, of persons aged 18-64 with a strong connection to the Swedish labour market. Outcome: hospital admission for a depressive episode; F32 in International Classification of Diseases, 10th revision. Exposure: employment status. Explanatory variables: gender and immigrant status. Confounders: age group, education and marital status. Cox regression models were used to estimate HRs with 95% CIs. Results The cohort comprised 3 284 896 adults, 47.5% women. An excess relative risk for hospitalisation was found among those who became unemployed (HR=1.94, 95% CI 1.85 to 2.03). Foreign-born women who experienced unemployment had the highest relative risk (HR=3.47 95% CI 3.02 to 3.98). Conclusions Among persons with a strong connection to the labour market experiencing unemployment, is a risk factor for hospitalisation for depressive disorders. Unemployed foreign-born women had the highest relative risk compared with all Swedish born, all foreign-born men and to employed foreign-born women.

HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Ekonomi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-32082 (URN)10.1136/jech-2013-202701 (DOI)000324406200033 ()2-s2.0-84885371553 (Scopus ID)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2014-02-05 Laget: 2014-02-05 Sist oppdatert: 2019-02-22bibliografisk kontrollert
Albin, B., Hjelm, K., Ekberg, J. & Elmståhl, S. (2012). County Differences in Mortality among Foreign-Born Compared to Native Swedes 1970-1999. Nursing Research and Practice, 2012, Article ID 136581
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>County Differences in Mortality among Foreign-Born Compared to Native Swedes 1970-1999
2012 (engelsk)Inngår i: Nursing Research and Practice, ISSN 2090-1429, E-ISSN 2090-1437, Vol. 2012, s. Article ID 136581-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Background. Regional variations in mortality and morbidity have been shown in Europe and USA. Longitudinal studies have found increased mortality, dissimilarities in mortality pattern, and differences in utilization of healthcare between foreign- and native-born Swedes. No study has been found comparing mortality among foreign-born and native-born Swedes in relation to catchment areas/counties. Methods. The aim was to describe and compare mortality among foreign-born persons and native Swedes during 1970–1999 in 24 counties in Sweden. Data from the Statistics Sweden and the National Board of Health and Welfare was used, and the database consisted of 723,948 persons, 361,974 foreign-born living in Sweden in 1970 and aged 16 years and above and 361,974 matched Swedish controls. Results. Latest county of residence independently explained higher mortality among foreign-born persons in all but four counties; OR varied from 1.01 to 1.29. Counties with a more rural structure showed the highest differences between foreign-born persons and native controls. Foreign-born persons had a lower mean age (1.0–4.3 years) at time of death. Conclusion. County of residence influences mortality; higher mortality is indicated among migrants than native Swedes in counties with a more rural structure. Further studies are needed to explore possible explanations. 

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Hindawi Publishing Corporation, 2012
Emneord
Migration, mortality, Sweden, Counties
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Hälsovetenskap, Vårdvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-21163 (URN)10.1155/2012/136581 (DOI)
Merknad

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. 

Tilgjengelig fra: 2012-08-13 Laget: 2012-08-13 Sist oppdatert: 2019-02-22bibliografisk kontrollert
Hollander, A.-C., Bruce, D., Ekberg, J., Burstrom, B., Borrell, C. & Ekblad, S. (2012). Longitudinal study of mortality among refugees in Sweden. International Journal of Epidemiology, 41(4), 1153-1161
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Longitudinal study of mortality among refugees in Sweden
Vise andre…
2012 (engelsk)Inngår i: International Journal of Epidemiology, ISSN 0300-5771, E-ISSN 1464-3685, Vol. 41, nr 4, s. 1153-1161Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Background Refugee immigrants have poorer health than other immigrant groups but little is known about their mortality. A comparison of mortality among refugees and non- refugee immigrants is liable to exaggerate the former if the latter includes labour migrants, whose mortality risk may be lower than that of the general population. To avoid bias, labour migrants are not included in this study. The aim was to investigate mortality risks among refugees compared with non- labour non- refugee immigrants in Sweden. Methods Population-based cohort design, starting 1 January 1998 and ending with death or censoring 31 December 2006. Persons included in the study were those aged 18-64 years, had received a residence permit in Sweden 1992-98 and were defined by the Swedish Board of Migration as either a refugee or a non-labour non-refugee immigrant. The outcomes were all-cause and cause-specific mortalities and the main exposure was being a refugee. Cox-regression models estimated hazard ratios (HRs) of mortality. Results The study population totalled 86 395 persons, 49.3% women, 24.2 % refugees. Adjusted for age and origin, refugee men had an over-risk of cardiovascular mortality (HR = 1.58, 95% CI = 1.08-2.33). With socio-economic factors added to the model, refugee men still had an over-risk mortality in cardiovascular disease (HR = 1.53, 95% CI = 1.04-2.24) and external causes (HR = 1.59, 95% CI = 1.01-2.50). Conclusion Refugee men in Sweden have a higher mortality risk in cardiovascular and external causes compared with male non-labour non-refugee immigrants. This study suggests that the refugee experience resembles other stressors in terms of the association with cardiovascular mortality.

Emneord
Refugees, immigrants, mortality, longitudinal studies, cardiovascular diseases
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Ekonomi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-22318 (URN)10.1093/ije/dys072 (DOI)000308232200034 ()2-s2.0-84865711604 (Scopus ID)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2012-11-06 Laget: 2012-11-06 Sist oppdatert: 2019-02-22bibliografisk kontrollert
Albin, B., Hjelm, K., Ekberg, J. & Elmståhl, S. (2012). Utilization of In-Hospital Care among Foreign-Born Compared to Native Swedes 1987-1999 (Open Access). Nursing Research and Practice, 2012, Article ID 713249
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Utilization of In-Hospital Care among Foreign-Born Compared to Native Swedes 1987-1999 (Open Access)
2012 (engelsk)Inngår i: Nursing Research and Practice, ISSN 2090-1429, E-ISSN 2090-1437, Vol. 2012, s. Article ID 713249-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

In previous longitudinal studies of mortality and morbidity among foreign-born and native-born Swedes, increased mortality and dissimilarities in mortality pattern were found. The aim of this study is to describe, compare, and analyse the utilization of in-hospital care among deceased foreign- and Swedish-born persons during the years 1987–1999 with focus on four diagnostic categories. The study population consisted of 361,974 foreign-born persons aged 16 years and upward who were registered as living in Sweden in 1970, together with 361,974 matched Swedish controls for each person. Data from Statistics Sweden (SCB) and the National Board of Health and Welfare Centre for Epidemiology, covering the period 1970–1999, was used. Persons were selected if they were admitted to hospital during 1987–1999 and the cause of death was in one of four ICD groups. The results indicate a tendency towards less health care utilization among migrants, especially men, as regards Symptoms, signs, and ill-defined conditions and Injury and poisoning. Further studies are needed to explore the possible explanations and the pattern of other diseases to see whether migrants, and especially migrant men, are a risk group with less utilization of health care.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Hindawi Publishing Corporation, 2012
Emneord
health care utilisation, migrants, longitudinal study
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Hälsovetenskap, Vårdvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-23057 (URN)10.1155/2012/713249 (DOI)
Merknad

Article in fulltext

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Tilgjengelig fra: 2012-12-19 Laget: 2012-12-19 Sist oppdatert: 2019-02-22bibliografisk kontrollert
Lindh, T. & Ekberg, J. (2011). Pensionsreformen och invandrarna. Ekonomisk Debatt, 39(5), 33-40
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Pensionsreformen och invandrarna
2011 (svensk)Inngår i: Ekonomisk Debatt, Vol. 39, nr 5, s. 33-40Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm)) Published
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Ekonomi, Nationalekonomi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-15970 (URN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2011-12-07 Laget: 2011-12-07 Sist oppdatert: 2019-02-22bibliografisk kontrollert
Ekberg, J. (2011). Will future immigration to Sweden make it easier to finance the welfare system?. European Journal of Population, 27(1), 103-124
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Will future immigration to Sweden make it easier to finance the welfare system?
2011 (engelsk)Inngår i: European Journal of Population, ISSN 0168-6577, E-ISSN 1572-9885, Vol. 27, nr 1, s. 103-124Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Abstract

 

Will future immigration to a country with a large public sector alleviate

the increasing burden on the public welfare system due to an ageing population?

The question is based on the experience that the age structure of

immigrants differs from that of the native population. Fiscal impacts due to

immigration depend mainly on the size, the age composition and the labour market

integration of the additional population which arises because of immigration. A

projection from Statistics Sweden about future immigration combined with the

latest Long-Term Survey of the Swedish Economy has been used in this study.

Calculations for Sweden up to the year 2050 show that the positive net contribution

to the public sector from the additional population is rather small even with

good integration into the labour market. The reason is that future immigration will

increase the size of the population and thereby raise not only revenue from taxation

but also public expenses. The fiscal impact is sensitive to the labour market

integration of the additional population. The yearly positive/negative net contribution

effect is less than 1% of GDP for most of the years. On the whole, the

results are about the same even if we change the assumptions concerning the

composition of future public revenues, the growth of public expenses, return

migration, or the age-specific birth and death rates in the additional population.

More considerable net fiscal effects would require a much higher and probably

unrealistic level of future immigration.

 

 

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
SpringerLink, 2011
Emneord
Immigration, Public sector, Age structure, Additional population, Employment
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Ekonomi, Nationalekonomi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:vxu:diva-7191 (URN)10.1007/s10680-010-9227-5 (DOI)2-s2.0-78651510425 (Scopus ID)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2010-02-19 Laget: 2010-02-19 Sist oppdatert: 2019-02-22bibliografisk kontrollert
Ekberg, J. (2010). Ankomstortens betydelse. Om regionala skillnader i invandrares sysselsättning. In: M. Ådahl (Ed.), Lyckad invandring: . Stockholm: Fores Förlag
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Ankomstortens betydelse. Om regionala skillnader i invandrares sysselsättning
2010 (svensk)Inngår i: Lyckad invandring / [ed] M. Ådahl, Stockholm: Fores Förlag , 2010Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Stockholm: Fores Förlag, 2010
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-9476 (URN)978-91-978532-2-4 (ISBN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2010-11-25 Laget: 2010-11-25 Sist oppdatert: 2019-02-22bibliografisk kontrollert
Albin, B., Hjelm, K., Ekberg, J. & Elmståhl, S. (2010). Residential mobility among foreign-born persons living in Sweden is associated with lower morbidity. Clinical Epidemiology, 9(2), 187-194
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Residential mobility among foreign-born persons living in Sweden is associated with lower morbidity
2010 (engelsk)Inngår i: Clinical Epidemiology, ISSN 1179-1349, E-ISSN 1179-1349, Vol. 9, nr 2, s. 187-194Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim: to analyze the pattern of mortality in deceased foreign-born persons living in Sweden during the years 1970-1999 in relation to distance mobility.

MEthods: Data from Statistics Sweden and the National Board of Health and Welfare was used, and the study population consisted of 281,412 foreign-born persons aged 16 years and over who were registered as living in Sweden in 1970.

Results: Distance mobility did not have a negative effect on health. Total mortality was lower (OR 0.71; 95% CI 0.69-0.73) in foreign-born persons in Sweden who had changed their county of residence during the period 1970-1990. Higher death rates were observed, after adjustment for age, in three ICD diagnosis groups "Injury and poisoning", "External causes of injury and poisoning", and "Diseases of the digestive system" among persons who had changed county of residence.

Emneord
Migrants, residential mobility, morbidity, Sweden
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Hälsovetenskap, Vårdvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-9498 (URN)10.2147/CLEP.S11827 (DOI)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2010-11-29 Laget: 2010-11-27 Sist oppdatert: 2019-02-22bibliografisk kontrollert
Ekberg, J., Hammarstedt, M. & Shukur, G. (2010). SUR estimation of earnings differentials between three generations of immigrants and natives. The annals of regional science, 45(3), 705-720
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>SUR estimation of earnings differentials between three generations of immigrants and natives
2010 (engelsk)Inngår i: The annals of regional science, ISSN 0570-1864, E-ISSN 1432-0592, Vol. 45, nr 3, s. 705-720Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper presents a Seemingly Unrelated Regressions estimation of earnings differentials between three generations of immigrants and natives in Sweden. The results show that male first-generation immigrants were at an earnings advantage compared to male natives. Among male second-generation immigrants the earnings differentials compared to natives were very small, while third-generation immigrants were at an earnings disadvantage compared to natives. The same pattern was found among females. Thus, the results indicate that ethnic differences in earnings are likely to occur even after several generations spent in a country and that the problem of immigrant assimilation that exists in many European countries may last for several generations.

HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Ekonomi, Nationalekonomi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-8555 (URN)10.1007/s00168-009-0314-7 (DOI)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2010-09-20 Laget: 2010-09-20 Sist oppdatert: 2019-02-22bibliografisk kontrollert
Organisasjoner
Identifikatorer
ORCID-id: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-9374-3652