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Hiltunen, T., Räikkönen, J. & Tyrkkö, J. (2020). Investigating colloquialization in the British parliamentary record in the late 19th and early 20th century. Language sciences (Oxford), 79, 1-16, Article ID 101270.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Investigating colloquialization in the British parliamentary record in the late 19th and early 20th century
2020 (engelsk)Inngår i: Language sciences (Oxford), ISSN 0388-0001, E-ISSN 1873-5746, Vol. 79, s. 1-16, artikkel-id 101270Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

In this paper, we explore how sociocultural changes were reflected in the parliamentary record, a genre that combines elements of spoken, written and written-to-be-spoken discourses. Our main interests are in the processes of linguistic colloquialization and democratization, understood broadly as tendencies towards greater informality and equality in language use. Previous diachronic studies have established that written language has increasingly adopted features associated with spoken language, although genre and register differences are considerable. Our starting point is that as Parliament has become more demographically representative and as prescriptive norms have loosened in society on the whole, the relative frequency of informal features in parliamentary language may have increased. At the same time, profound changes took place in the practices of recording parliamentary proceedings, most importantly the introduction of the official report in 1909. Our data on British parliamentary debates come from the Hansard Corpus (Alexander and Davies, 2015). We investigate the 60-year-period 1870-1930, which includes reports of parliamentary debates and, after 1909, verbatim reports (in total ca. 40 million words). Adopting a pattern-driven approach, we focus on n-gram frequencies. The analysis first identifies major shifts in the language of the reports using unsupervised grouping methods, and then investigates in more detail the frequency trends of individual n-grams associated with spoken language, as well as their function in parliamentary debates. The findings indicate that the introduction of the official report resulted in clear changes in n-gram frequencies, which can be linked to democratization and colloquialization.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
United Kingdom: Elsevier, 2020
Emneord
colloquialization, parliament, machine learning, historical linguistics
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Humaniora, Engelska med språkvetenskaplig inriktning
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-95208 (URN)10.1016/j.langsci.2020.101270 (DOI)000534360300006 ()
Tilgjengelig fra: 2020-05-25 Laget: 2020-05-25 Sist oppdatert: 2020-06-04bibliografisk kontrollert
Golub, K., Hansson, J., Tyrkkö, J. & Ahlström, I. (2020). Subject indexing in humanities: A comparison between a local university repository and an international bibliographic service. Journal of Documentation, 1-22
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Subject indexing in humanities: A comparison between a local university repository and an international bibliographic service
2020 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Documentation, ISSN 0022-0418, E-ISSN 1758-7379, s. 1-22Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Purpose – As the humanities develop in the realm of increasingly more pronounced digital scholarship, it isimportant to provide quality subject access to a vast range of heterogeneous information objects in digitalservices. The study aims to paint a representative picture of the current state of affairs of the use of subjectindex terms in humanities journal articles with particular reference to the well-established subject access needsof humanities researchers, with the purpose of identifying which improvements are needed in this context.

Design/methodology/approach – The comparison of subject metadata on a sample of 649 peer-reviewedjournal articles from across the humanities is conducted in a university repository, against Scopus, the formerreflecting local and national policies and the latter being the most comprehensive international abstract andcitation database of research output.

Findings – The study shows that established bibliographic objectives to ensure subject access for humanitiesjournal articles are not supported in either the world’s largest commercial abstract and citation databaseScopus or the local repository of a public university in Sweden. The indexing policies in the two services do notseem to address the needs of humanities scholars for highly granular subject index terms with appropriatefacets; no controlled vocabularies for any humanities discipline are used whatsoever.

Originality/value – In all, not much has changed since 1990s when indexing for the humanities was shown tolag behind the sciences. The community of researchers and information professionals, today working togetheron digital humanities projects, as well as interdisciplinary research teams, should demand that their subjectaccess needs be fulfilled, especially in commercial services like Scopus and discovery services.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2020
Emneord
Digital libraries, Digital humanities, Institutional repositories, Humanities, Knowledge organization, Bibliographic databases, Subject indexing
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Humaniora, Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-93446 (URN)10.1108/JD-12-2019-0231 (DOI)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2020-04-15 Laget: 2020-04-15 Sist oppdatert: 2020-06-02
Hiltunen, T. & Tyrkkö, J. (2019). Academic Vocabulary in Wikipedia Articles: Frequency and Dispersion in Uneven Datasets. In: Carl Suhr, Terttu Nevalainen, Irma Taavitsainen (Ed.), From Data to Evidence in English Language Research: (pp. 282-306). Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Academic Vocabulary in Wikipedia Articles: Frequency and Dispersion in Uneven Datasets
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: From Data to Evidence in English Language Research / [ed] Carl Suhr, Terttu Nevalainen, Irma Taavitsainen, Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2019, s. 282-306Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]

Despite its popularity, the status of Wikipedia in higher education settings remains somewhat controversial, and the linguistic characteristics of the genre have not been exhaustively described. This exploratory paper takes a data-driven approach to assessing the use of academic vocabulary in Wikipedia articles. Our analysis is based on Coxhead’s Academic Word List, and the data comes from the Westbury Lab Wikipedia Corpus. We employ methods of statistical data analysis to classify Wikipedia articles according to the frequencies of academic words, and apply the same procedure to a comparable set of texts representing another genre, published research articles. The unsupervised classification procedure groups the articles according to academic content regardless of topic, which allows us to measure genre-specific similarities. The findings of the study show that academic words are common in both genres in focus, and more interestingly, if we look at aggregate frequencies of academic words, Wikipedia articles are not markedly different from RAs within the same discipline. This being said, we can observe disciplinary differences in the distribution of academic words in Wikipedia, such that Economics writing contains more academic words than the other two disciplines in focus. Disciplinary differences can likewise be observed in the distribution of individual academic words.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2019
Serie
Language and Computers, ISSN 0921-5034 ; 83
Emneord
wikipedia, corpus linguistics, dispersion, statistics
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Humaniora, Engelska med språkvetenskaplig inriktning
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-79630 (URN)10.1163/9789004390652_013 (DOI)978-90-04-39065-2 (ISBN)978-90-04-39064-5 (ISBN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-01-18 Laget: 2019-01-18 Sist oppdatert: 2019-02-11bibliografisk kontrollert
Reski, N., Alissandrakis, A. & Tyrkkö, J. (2019). Collaborative exploration of rich corpus data using immersive virtual reality and non-immersive technologies. In: ADDA: Approaches to Digital Discourse Analysis – ADDA 2, Turku, Finland 23-25 May 2019 ; Book of abstracts. Paper presented at 2nd International Conference: Approaches to Digital Discourse Analysis (ADDA 2), 23-25 May, 2019, Turku, Finland (pp. 7-7). Turku: University of Turku
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Collaborative exploration of rich corpus data using immersive virtual reality and non-immersive technologies
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: ADDA: Approaches to Digital Discourse Analysis – ADDA 2, Turku, Finland 23-25 May 2019 ; Book of abstracts, Turku: University of Turku , 2019, s. 7-7Konferansepaper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

In recent years, large textual data sets, comprising many data points and rich metadata, have become a common object of investigation and analysis. Information Visualization and Visual Analytics provide practical tools for visual data analysis, most commonly as interactive two-dimensional (2D) visualizations that are displayed through normal computer monitors. At the same time, display technologies have evolved rapidly over the past decade. In particular, emerging technologies such as virtual reality (VR), augmented reality (AR), or mixed reality (MR) have become affordable and more user-friendly (LaValle 2016). Under the banner of “Immersive Analytics”, researchers started to explore the novel application of such immersive technologies for the purpose of data analysis (Marriott et al. 2018).

By using immersive technologies, researchers hope to increase motivation and user engagement for the overall data analysis activity as well as providing different perspectives on the data. This can be particularly helpful in the case of exploratory data analysis, when the researcher attempts to identify interesting points or anomalies in the data without prior knowledge of what exactly they are searching for. Furthermore, the data analysis process often involves the collaborative sharing of information and knowledge between multiple users for the goal of interpreting and making sense of the explored data together (Isenberg et al. 2011). However, immersive technologies such as VR are often rather single user-centric experiences, where one user is wearing a head-mounted display (HMD) device and is thus visually isolated from the real-world surroundings. Consequently, new tools and approaches for co-located, synchronous collaboration in such immersive data analysis scenarios are needed.

In this software demonstration, we present our developed VR system that enables two users to explore data at the same time, one inside an immersive VR environment, and one outside VR using a non-immersive companion application. The context of this demonstrated data analysis activity is centered around the exploration of the language variability in tweets from the perspectives of multilingualism and sociolinguistics (see, e.g. Coats 2017 and Grieve et al. 2017). Our primary data come from the the Nordic Tweet Stream (NTS) corpus (Laitinen et al. 2018, Tyrkkö 2018), and the immersive VR application visualizes in three dimensions (3D) the clustered Twitter traffic within the Nordic region as stacked cuboids according to their geospatial position, where each stack represents a color-coded language share (Alissandrakis et al. 2018). Through the utilization of 3D gestural input, the VR user can interact with the data using hand postures and gestures in order to move through the virtual 3D space, select clusters and display more detailed information, and to navigate through time (Reski and Alissandrakis 2019) ( https://vrxar.lnu.se/apps/odxvrxnts-360/ ). A non-immersive companion application, running in a normal web browser, presents an overview map of the Nordic region as well as other supplemental information about the data that are more suitable to be displayed using non-immersive technologies.

We will present two complementary applications, each with a different objective within the collaborative data analysis framework. The design and implementation of certain connectivity and collaboration features within these applications facilitate the co-located, synchronous exploration and sensemaking. For instance, the VR user’s position and orientation are displayed and updated in real-time within the overview map of the non-immersive application. The other way around, the selected cluster of the non-immersive user is also highlighted for the user in VR. Initial tests with pairs of language students validated the proof-of-concept of the developed collaborative system and encourage the conduction of further future investigations in this direction.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Turku: University of Turku, 2019
Emneord
virtual reality, Nordic Tweet Stream, digital humanities, immersive analytics
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Data- och informationsvetenskap, Datavetenskap; Datavetenskap, Informations- och programvisualisering; Humaniora, Lingvistik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-83858 (URN)
Konferanse
2nd International Conference: Approaches to Digital Discourse Analysis (ADDA 2), 23-25 May, 2019, Turku, Finland
Prosjekter
DISA-DHOpen Data Exploration in Virtual Reality (ODxVR)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-05-28 Laget: 2019-05-28 Sist oppdatert: 2019-06-03bibliografisk kontrollert
Tyrkkö, J. (2019). Kinship References in the British Parliament, 1800-2005. In: Ursula Lutzky, Minna Nevala (Ed.), Reference and Identify in Public Discourses: (pp. 97-124). Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Kinship References in the British Parliament, 1800-2005
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Reference and Identify in Public Discourses / [ed] Ursula Lutzky, Minna Nevala, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2019, s. 97-124Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]

Family and kinship are fundamental concepts of human society and of political governance. Proceeding from the notion that frequency of reference can be taken as a simple measure of visibility and representation, this study examines diachronic trends of kinship reference in British parliamentary debates from 1800 to 2005. Using the Hansard Corpus and pattern-driven corpus linguistic methods, I show that changes in the frequencies of reference to kin reflect societal attitudes to gender roles.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2019
Serie
Pragmatics & Beyond New Series, ISSN 0922-842X ; 306
Emneord
Hansard, parliamentary language, politics, language change, sociolinguistics, corpus
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Humaniora, Engelska med språkvetenskaplig inriktning; Humaniora, Historia
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-89772 (URN)10.1075/pbns.306.04tyr (DOI)9789027204202 (ISBN)9789027262059 (ISBN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-10-22 Laget: 2019-10-22 Sist oppdatert: 2020-02-14bibliografisk kontrollert
Tyrkkö, J. (2019). Lasikatto ja lasilattia: Monikielisyyden dynamiikkaa 1800-luvun Tampereella. In: Arja Nurmi, Saija Isomaa, Päivi Pahta (Ed.), Kielten ja kirjallisuuksien mosaiikki: Valta, periferia ja arki (pp. 133-164). Helsinki: Suomalaisen Kirjallisuuden Seura
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Lasikatto ja lasilattia: Monikielisyyden dynamiikkaa 1800-luvun Tampereella
2019 (finsk)Inngår i: Kielten ja kirjallisuuksien mosaiikki: Valta, periferia ja arki / [ed] Arja Nurmi, Saija Isomaa, Päivi Pahta, Helsinki: Suomalaisen Kirjallisuuden Seura, 2019, s. 133-164Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Helsinki: Suomalaisen Kirjallisuuden Seura, 2019
Serie
Tietolipas ; 263
Emneord
multilingualism, history, Tampere, Finland, Finlayson
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Humaniora, Lingvistik; Humaniora, Historia
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-90238 (URN)9789518581324 (ISBN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-11-23 Laget: 2019-11-23 Sist oppdatert: 2020-02-03bibliografisk kontrollert
Hiltunen, T. & Tyrkkö, J. (2019). Manual to the LMEMT corpus. In: Irma Taavitsainen, Turo Hiltunen (Ed.), Late Modern English Medical Texts: Writing medicine in the eighteenth century (pp. 337-358). Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Manual to the LMEMT corpus
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Late Modern English Medical Texts: Writing medicine in the eighteenth century / [ed] Irma Taavitsainen, Turo Hiltunen, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2019, s. 337-358Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2019
Emneord
corpus, manual, XML, annotation
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Humaniora, Engelska med språkvetenskaplig inriktning; Humaniora, Lingvistik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-90241 (URN)10.1075/z.221.12hil (DOI)9789027203229 (ISBN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-11-23 Laget: 2019-11-23 Sist oppdatert: 2020-02-14bibliografisk kontrollert
Golub, K., Ahlström, I., Hansson, J. & Tyrkkö, J. (2019). Subject metadata for humanities journal articles: Indexing consistency between a local repository and an external bibliographic database. In: Presented at DCMI 2019: Metadata Innovation. Seoul, South Korea - September 23rd-26th, 2019. Paper presented at DCMI 2019: Metadata Innovation. Seoul, South Korea - September 23rd-26th, 2019. Dublin Core Metadata Initiative
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Subject metadata for humanities journal articles: Indexing consistency between a local repository and an external bibliographic database
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Presented at DCMI 2019: Metadata Innovation. Seoul, South Korea - September 23rd-26th, 2019, Dublin Core Metadata Initiative , 2019Konferansepaper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Fagfellevurdert)
sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Dublin Core Metadata Initiative, 2019
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Humaniora, Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-89738 (URN)
Konferanse
DCMI 2019: Metadata Innovation. Seoul, South Korea - September 23rd-26th, 2019
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-10-18 Laget: 2019-10-18 Sist oppdatert: 2019-10-24bibliografisk kontrollert
Tyrkkö, J. (2019). Surgical and anatomical texts. In: Irma Taavitsainen, Turo Hiltunen (Ed.), Late Modern English Medical Texts: Writing Medicine in the Eighteenth Century (pp. 299-306). Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Surgical and anatomical texts
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Late Modern English Medical Texts: Writing Medicine in the Eighteenth Century / [ed] Irma Taavitsainen, Turo Hiltunen, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2019, s. 299-306Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2019
Emneord
late modern, medicine, surgery, English, book history
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Humaniora, Engelska med språkvetenskaplig inriktning; Humaniora, Historia
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-90240 (URN)10.1075/z.221.11.5.tyr (DOI)9789027203229 (ISBN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-11-23 Laget: 2019-11-23 Sist oppdatert: 2020-02-14bibliografisk kontrollert
Tyrkkö, J. (2019). The symptom comes of age: Sign semantics from the Late Middle to the Late Modern English. In: Irma Taavitsainen, Turo Hiltunen (Ed.), Late Modern English Medical Texts: Writing medicine in the eighteenth century (pp. 199-227). Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>The symptom comes of age: Sign semantics from the Late Middle to the Late Modern English
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Late Modern English Medical Texts: Writing medicine in the eighteenth century / [ed] Irma Taavitsainen, Turo Hiltunen, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2019, s. 199-227Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]

The observation, recognition and interpretation of signs of illness has been recognised as one of the cornerstones of medical practice since Hippocrates. Over the centuries, the repertoire of signifier terms used by medical writers has undergone numerous changes. This chapter traces the history of signifier terms used in English vernacular medicine from the Late Middle period to the Late Modern English period. Commenting on the frequencies of the individual terms as well as their many uses and changing meanings, this study demonstrates how a superficially generic lexical field can reflect changes in scientific thought style and index the individual authors’ intellectual and professional affiliations.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2019
Emneord
terminology, late modern, medicine, English
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Humaniora, Engelska med språkvetenskaplig inriktning
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-90239 (URN)10.1075/z.221.10tyr (DOI)9789027203229 (ISBN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-11-23 Laget: 2019-11-23 Sist oppdatert: 2020-01-08bibliografisk kontrollert
Organisasjoner
Identifikatorer
ORCID-id: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-5251-5338