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Hagevi, M., Blombäck, S., Hinnfors, J., Demker, M. & Loxbo, K. (2019). DIPAC CITIZEN DATA: Technical report 1.0. Växjö: Linnaeus University
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>DIPAC CITIZEN DATA: Technical report 1.0
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2019 (Engelska)Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

The data described in this report were collected for the DIPAC-project: Decreased Ideological Polarisation and Conflict in Western Europe?  This report describes DIPAC Citizen data set. The first part of this report gives information on the project as a whole, including discussions of case selection and core concepts. Following this, there are a technical report the DIPAC citizen data set.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Växjö: Linnaeus University, 2019. s. 137
Nyckelord
politics, party, comparative, Europe, party system, survey, citizen, opinion
Nationell ämneskategori
Statsvetenskap (exklusive studier av offentlig förvaltning och globaliseringsstudier)
Forskningsämne
Samhällsvetenskap, Statsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-89486 (URN)
Projekt
Minskad ideologisk polarisering och konflikt i Västeuropa? (Mipok)
Forskningsfinansiär
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, 2014-01246Crafoordska stiftelsen, 20160645
Tillgänglig från: 2019-10-07 Skapad: 2019-10-07 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-10-11Bibliografiskt granskad
Blombäck, S., Hinnfors, J., Loxbo, K., Demker, M. & Hagevi, M. (2019). DIPAC Election Manifesto Data: Technical report 1.0. Växjö: Linnaeus University
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>DIPAC Election Manifesto Data: Technical report 1.0
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2019 (Engelska)Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Växjö: Linnaeus University, 2019. s. 45
Nyckelord
politics, parties, party system, Europe, election manifesto, ideology, Left-Right, GAL-TAN
Nationell ämneskategori
Statsvetenskap (exklusive studier av offentlig förvaltning och globaliseringsstudier)
Forskningsämne
Samhällsvetenskap, Statsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-89489 (URN)
Projekt
Minskad ideologisk polarisering och konflikt i Västeuropa? (Mipok)
Forskningsfinansiär
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, 2014-01246Crafoordska stiftelsen, 20160645
Tillgänglig från: 2019-10-07 Skapad: 2019-10-07 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-10-11Bibliografiskt granskad
Farjam, M. & Loxbo, K. (2019). Experimental evidence of a bandwagon effect on voting. In: 6th International Meeting on Experimental and Behavioral Social Sciences (IMEBESS): . Paper presented at 6th International Meeting on Experimental and Behavioral Social Sciences (IMEBESS), Utrecht, May 2-4, 2019..
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Experimental evidence of a bandwagon effect on voting
2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: 6th International Meeting on Experimental and Behavioral Social Sciences (IMEBESS), 2019Konferensbidrag, Enbart muntlig presentation (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

Social influence and conformity have been thoroughly studied by social psychologists, leading political scientist to the postulation of the bandwagon effect. However, despite its relevance, the bandwagon effect, claiming that seeing pre-election polls makes votes for majority options more likely, has not been properly tested for political voting and evidence regarding this effect is mixed. Experiments either were ran in very abstract contexts only vaguely representing political voting, or only testing the effect of polls on opinions or hypothetical votes . We present an unique experimental design with more realism than previous designs, keeping the experimental control needed to make causal claims.

We tested in an online experiment with 1115 participants from the US how votes change when pre-election polls are shown. Our experimental design is unique in that the votes of the participants have real-world consequences within their electoral area (the US), empower actual political organizations falling on a left-right spectrum, and the votes are on issues currently debated in US politics (firearms, abortion, immigration, and environment). Per issue participants chose between three different charities, representing different positions within the political spectrum. As a result of the experiment 1200$ were distributed across these charities as suggested by the vote.

In line with the bandwagon-effect, we find clear evidence that seeing poll results makes votes for majority opinion more likely. After seeing the surveys, majority opinions received an extra ~7% of votes. In our experiment this effect did not depend on the electoral system and was robust against controlling for the gender and age of voters and the self-assessment on a left-right spectrum. However, we find evidence that under extreme-polarization (where moderate position are the least popular option) the bandwagon-effect is much weaker.

Nyckelord
Poll, bandwagon effect, conformity
Nationell ämneskategori
Sociologi
Forskningsämne
Samhällsvetenskap, Sociologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-82573 (URN)
Konferens
6th International Meeting on Experimental and Behavioral Social Sciences (IMEBESS), Utrecht, May 2-4, 2019.
Tillgänglig från: 2019-05-15 Skapad: 2019-05-15 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-11-19Bibliografiskt granskad
Pircher, B. & Loxbo, K. (2019). Member states’ compliance with EU law in times of crisis. In: : . Paper presented at Swiss Political Science Association (SPSA) Annual Conference 2019 & Dreiländertagung, ETH Zurich, Zurich, 14-16 February 2019. Zurich
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Member states’ compliance with EU law in times of crisis
2019 (Engelska)Konferensbidrag, Muntlig presentation med publicerat abstract (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

This article explores whether a process of disintegration affected the transposition deficit and infringement procedures in the EU member states between 1997 and 2016. The contribution is twofold. First, we develop hypotheses to test the argument that non-compliance with EU law increases when member states experience growing economic constraints and political turbulence. However, the hypotheses are conclusively rejected. Second, while we demonstrate distinct differences between member states’ compliance by the end of the 1990s, our time-series analyses demonstrate that these disparities disappeared over time. Taken together, our findings not only suggest that economic factors, government capacity, and, above all, domestic politics become gradually decoupled from the European integration process but also that cultural differences in law observance become increasingly irrelevant to explain the behaviour of governments. We conclude by arguing that the strong trend towards harmonisation probably is explained by a changed culture of EU transposition and enforcement.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Zurich: , 2019
Nyckelord
European integration, disintegration, crisis, EU law, compliance, Single Market
Nationell ämneskategori
Statsvetenskap (exklusive studier av offentlig förvaltning och globaliseringsstudier)
Forskningsämne
Samhällsvetenskap, Statsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-88821 (URN)
Konferens
Swiss Political Science Association (SPSA) Annual Conference 2019 & Dreiländertagung, ETH Zurich, Zurich, 14-16 February 2019
Tillgänglig från: 2019-08-28 Skapad: 2019-08-28 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-11-19Bibliografiskt granskad
Loxbo, K., Blombäck, S., Hinnfors, J., Demker, M. & Hagevi, M. (2019). Reliability testing of coded election manifesto data in the DIPAC-project. Växjö: Linnaeus University
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Reliability testing of coded election manifesto data in the DIPAC-project
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2019 (Engelska)Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

The data described in this report were collected for the DIPAC-project.1 The project’s aim was to closer investigate the proposed crisis of parties and party systems in Western Europe during the last decades.  To fulfil this aim, one of our main goals was to collect electoral manifestos from all parties in the respective party system for all selected years, and code their ideological contents. The main reason for our choice to code manifestos was to provide a more detailed and nuanced foundation for analyzing ideological polarization and ideological change in Western European party system than the saliency-oriented perspective that has hitherto dominated manifesto-research. In this report, we conclude that the DIPAC coding of ideological position has yielded highly reliable measures, whereas the coding of saliency should be interpreted with some caution with regard to the GAL-TAN dimension and sub-dimensions. 

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Växjö: Linnaeus University, 2019. s. 11
Nyckelord
politics, parties, election, manifesto, ideology, reliability, left-right, gal-tan
Nationell ämneskategori
Statsvetenskap (exklusive studier av offentlig förvaltning och globaliseringsstudier)
Forskningsämne
Samhällsvetenskap, Statsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-89519 (URN)
Projekt
Minskad ideologisk polarisering och konflikt i Västeuropa? (Mipok)
Forskningsfinansiär
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, 2014-01246Crafoordska stiftelsen, 20160645
Tillgänglig från: 2019-10-10 Skapad: 2019-10-10 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-10-11Bibliografiskt granskad
Loxbo, K., Hinnfors, J., Hagevi, M., Blombäck, S. & Demker, M. (2019). The decline of Western European social democracy: Exploring the transformed link between welfare state generosity and the electoral strength of social democratic parties, 1975–2014. Party Politics, 1-12
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>The decline of Western European social democracy: Exploring the transformed link between welfare state generosity and the electoral strength of social democratic parties, 1975–2014
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2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: Party Politics, ISSN 1354-0688, E-ISSN 1460-3683, s. 1-12Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Social democratic parties are crumbling at the polls. Surprisingly, however, the causes of this demise remain largelyunexplored. This article contributes to filling this gap in the research by studying the long-term impact of welfare state generosity on the vote share of social democratic parties in 16 Western European democracies. If the welfare state indeed was a key factor behind social democratic growth in the past, we ask whether the recent plight of these parties is down to a reversal of their previously dominant success factor? The article makes three principal findings. First, we show that social democratic parties primarily benefited electorally from expansive reforms at lower levels of welfare state generosity. Second, we find that this dynamic of diminishing returns also helps explain the demise of the Social Democratic party family in the whole of Western Europe. Lastly, our results reveal that programmatic turns to the right predict electoral losses in the least generous welfare states, whereas such shifts either pass unnoticed or predict vote gains in the most generous ones. We conclude by arguing that the structure of welfare state institutions is one important explanation for variations in the demise of the once powerful Social Democratic party family.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Sage Publications, 2019
Nyckelord
compensation hypothesis, diminishing returns, social democracy, welfare state
Nationell ämneskategori
Statsvetenskap
Forskningsämne
Samhällsvetenskap, Statsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-86934 (URN)10.1177/1354068819861339 (DOI)000475079200001 ()
Projekt
Minskad ideologisk polarisering och konflikt i Västeuropa? (MIPOK)
Forskningsfinansiär
Vetenskapsrådet, dnr. 2014-1246
Tillgänglig från: 2019-07-19 Skapad: 2019-07-19 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-11-21
Hagevi, M. & Loxbo, K. (2018). Are the Predictions of the Cartel Party Thesis Supported in the Swedish Case? (1ed.). In: Henrik Enroth & Magnus Hagevi (Ed.), Cartelisation, Convergence or Increasing Similarities?: Lessons from Parties in Parliament (pp. 43-69). London: ECPR Press
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Are the Predictions of the Cartel Party Thesis Supported in the Swedish Case?
2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: Cartelisation, Convergence or Increasing Similarities?: Lessons from Parties in Parliament / [ed] Henrik Enroth & Magnus Hagevi, London: ECPR Press, 2018, 1, s. 43-69Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
London: ECPR Press, 2018 Upplaga: 1
Nyckelord
political parties, cartel party theory, cartelization, parliament, policy convergence, party conflict, internal democracy, representation
Nationell ämneskategori
Statsvetenskap (exklusive studier av offentlig förvaltning och globaliseringsstudier)
Forskningsämne
Samhällsvetenskap, Statsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-70998 (URN)978-1-78552-254-3 (ISBN)
Projekt
Party Government in Flux
Forskningsfinansiär
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, RRD10-1373:1
Tillgänglig från: 2018-02-19 Skapad: 2018-02-19 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-01-15Bibliografiskt granskad
Loxbo, K. (2018). Cartelisation and Europeanisation?. In: Henrik Enroth & Magnus Hagevi (Ed.), Cartelisation, Convergence or Increasing Similarities?: Lessons from Parties in Parliament (pp. 97-118). ECPR Press
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Cartelisation and Europeanisation?
2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: Cartelisation, Convergence or Increasing Similarities?: Lessons from Parties in Parliament / [ed] Henrik Enroth & Magnus Hagevi, ECPR Press, 2018, s. 97-118Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
ECPR Press, 2018
Nationell ämneskategori
Statsvetenskap
Forskningsämne
Samhällsvetenskap, Statsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-70548 (URN)9781785522543 (ISBN)
Tillgänglig från: 2018-02-06 Skapad: 2018-02-06 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-01-15Bibliografiskt granskad
Hagevi, M., Blombäck, S., Loxbo, K., Demker, M. & Hinnfors, J. (2018). Changed Policy Congruence Between Political Parties and Voters?: A Comparative Study of Seven Party Systems in Western Europe. In: ECPR General Conference: . Paper presented at ECPR General Conference, Hamburg, August 22-25, 2018. (pp. 1-19).
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Changed Policy Congruence Between Political Parties and Voters?: A Comparative Study of Seven Party Systems in Western Europe
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2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: ECPR General Conference, 2018, s. 1-19Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

This study is about changed policy congruence between voters and political parties in seven party system in Western Europe. To investigate change, this paper includes policy congruence between voters and political parties during five decades starting in the 1970s. According to scholars of political parties, especially advocates of the cartel thesis such as Katz and Mair, representative democracy in Western Europe is in an ever-widening crisis since the links between citizens and political parties are broken. By comparing unique data of the actual LeftRight and GAL-TAN positions in the election manifestos of 70 West European parties with corresponding views among their voters, this study argues that the crisis of representation is largely exaggerated. Instead, the policy congruence between current parties and voters, on left-right as well as gal-tan issues, tend to be at least as good as the time before the alleged crisis of representation started.

Nyckelord
politics, representation, parties, voters, Europe
Nationell ämneskategori
Statsvetenskap (exklusive studier av offentlig förvaltning och globaliseringsstudier)
Forskningsämne
Samhällsvetenskap, Statsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-77346 (URN)
Konferens
ECPR General Conference, Hamburg, August 22-25, 2018.
Projekt
Minskad ideologisk polarisering och konflikt i Västeuropa? (Mipok)
Forskningsfinansiär
Vetenskapsrådet, 2014-01246
Tillgänglig från: 2018-08-27 Skapad: 2018-08-27 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-05-02Bibliografiskt granskad
Loxbo, K. (2018). Ethnic diversity, out-group contacts and social trust in a high-trust society. Acta Sociologica, 61(2), 182-201
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Ethnic diversity, out-group contacts and social trust in a high-trust society
2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: Acta Sociologica, ISSN 0001-6993, E-ISSN 1502-3869, Vol. 61, nr 2, s. 182-201Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Although ethnic diversity is widely believed to undermine social trust, several scholars have argued that this outcome ultimately depends on the extent of high-quality contacts between diverse groups as well as the extent of equality in society. This article scrutinises these different hypotheses by exploring the association between ethnic diversity and social trust among Swedish schoolchildren. Building on data from Sweden, where legacies of equality would be expected to provide unique opportunities for building trust among diverse groups, the contribution of the article to the literature is twofold. First, it was found that contextual diversity is only weakly related to adolescents’ trust. Furthermore, while interactions revealed that a higher socio-economic level in a classroom reinforces, rather than cushions, the adverse effect, it is concluded that contextual measures obscure the micro-level dynamic underlying the association between diversity and trust in classrooms. Second, when accounting for compositional effects, and the distinction between in-group and out-group contact, the findings strongly supported the conflict hypothesis, while rejecting the contact hypothesis. The principal finding is that ethnic diversity in a classroom undermines social trust among native-born adolescents, whereas the effect is the exact opposite for minorities. In addition, social trust is only promoted if adolescents interact with members of their ethnic in-group. Because these disconcerting results were found in the high-trust context of Sweden, it is suggested that similar findings are likely in less favourable settings. The article concludes by arguing that the high levels of social trust in traditionally homogenous, but increasingly segregated, countries such as Sweden may conceal the fact that individuals primarily include others who are similar to themselves in their ‘imagined communities’.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
London: Sage Publications, 2018
Nyckelord
Ethnic diversity, micro-context, out-group exposure, school, social trust, Sweden
Nationell ämneskategori
Sociologi
Forskningsämne
Samhällsvetenskap, Sociologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-67206 (URN)10.1177/0001699317721615 (DOI)000431954000005 ()2-s2.0-85046743456 (Scopus ID)
Forskningsfinansiär
Vetenskapsrådet, 2010-4749
Tillgänglig från: 2017-08-09 Skapad: 2017-08-09 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-08-29Bibliografiskt granskad
Organisationer
Identifikatorer
ORCID-id: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-0664-5729

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