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Gössling, S., Vogler, R., Humpe, A. & Chen, N. (. (2024). National tourism organizations and climate change. Tourism Geographies, 1-22
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>National tourism organizations and climate change
2024 (Engelska)Ingår i: Tourism Geographies, ISSN 1461-6688, E-ISSN 1470-1340, s. 1-22Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

There is a consensus that the global tourism system needs to undergo decarbonization and achieve net-zero emissions by mid-century. However, given the anticipated growth in the most energy-intensive subsector of tourism, air transport, achieving this goal seems unlikely. This paper focuses on the role of distance in the global geography of tourism, against evidence that National Marketing Organizations (NTOs) often seek to attract visitors from all over the world. The analysis of data for a sample of 12 NTOs in Europe, the USA and Canada reveals that the number of markets targeted varies between six and 33, with significant differences in the average distance to markets (<4,000 to 8,000 km), as well as emissions per arrival by market (0.2 t CO2 to 2.5 t CO2). For the countries studied, the 17% of the most distant arrivals cause 62% of the emissions. Results also show that more distant markets are more sensitive to disruptions such as COVID-19. These findings have relevance for destination marketing that point to new climate change related roles for NTOs such as rebranding, demarketing, market segmentation, and communication.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Taylor & Francis Group, 2024
Nationell ämneskategori
Ekonomi och näringsliv
Forskningsämne
Turismvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-128688 (URN)10.1080/14616688.2024.2332368 (DOI)2-s2.0-85188710140 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2024-04-09 Skapad: 2024-04-09 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-04-09
Gössling, S. & Humpe, A. (2024). Net-zero aviation: Transition barriers and radical climate policy design implications. Science of the Total Environment, 912, Article ID 169107.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Net-zero aviation: Transition barriers and radical climate policy design implications
2024 (Engelska)Ingår i: Science of the Total Environment, ISSN 0048-9697, E-ISSN 1879-1026, Vol. 912, artikel-id 169107Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

While air transport decarbonization is theoretically feasible, less attention has been paid to the complexity incurred in various 'transition barriers' that act as roadblocks to net-zero goals. A total of 40 barriers related to mitigation, management, technology and fuel transition, finance, and governance are identified. As these make decarbonization uncertain, the paper analyzes air transport system's growth, revenue, and profitability. Over the period 1978-2022, global aviation has generated marginal profits of US$20200.94 per passenger, or US$202082 billion in total. Low profitability makes it unlikely that the sector can finance the fuel transition cost, at US $0.5-2.1 trillion (Dray et al. 2022). Four radical policy scenarios for air transport futures are developed. All are characterized by "limitations", such as CO2 taxes, a carbon budget, alternative fuel obligations, or available capacity. Scenario runs suggest that all policy scenarios will more reliably lead to net-zero than the continued volume growth model pursued by airlines.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Elsevier, 2024
Nyckelord
Aviation, Climate change, Climate policy, Mitigation, Net -zero, Technology optimism
Nationell ämneskategori
Transportteknik och logistik Klimatforskning
Forskningsämne
Turismvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-127683 (URN)10.1016/j.scitotenv.2023.169107 (DOI)001152799200001 ()38104828 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85181139047 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2024-02-14 Skapad: 2024-02-14 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-02-14Bibliografiskt granskad
Gössling, S., Humpe, A. & Sun, Y.-Y. (2024). On track to net-zero? Large tourism enterprises and climate change. Tourism Management, 100, 104842-104842, Article ID 104842.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>On track to net-zero? Large tourism enterprises and climate change
2024 (Engelska)Ingår i: Tourism Management, ISSN 0261-5177, E-ISSN 1879-3193, Vol. 100, s. 104842-104842, artikel-id 104842Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Much recent research on climate change mitigation has focused on carbon intensities, i.e. emissions per unit of economic value, to better understand interrelationships of decarbonization with value. This paper studies large tourism enterprises, which account for a large share of tourism's emissions. Based on annual reports, the paper evaluates greenhouse gas emission and revenue interrelationships for a total of n = 29 large tourism companies including airlines, cruise lines and accommodation businesses. Together, these companies represent about 13% (365 Mt CO2) of global tourism emissions, generating revenues of US$477 billion (in 2019). The paper tracks their total emissions and emission intensities over the period 2015–2019, revealing that large tourism firms are not on track to net-zero. Results show considerable differences in emission intensities between the three tourism subsectors and between individual firms within the subsectors. These findings are discussed against emission reduction needs to mid-century. There is strong evidence that continued growth at industry's expected rates represents an insurmountable barrier to net-zero, contradicting industry narratives of progressively and successfully engaging with climate change mitigation. 

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Elsevier, 2024
Nationell ämneskategori
Klimatforskning Ekonomi och näringsliv
Forskningsämne
Turismvetenskap; Naturvetenskap, Miljövetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-126079 (URN)10.1016/j.tourman.2023.104842 (DOI)2-s2.0-85170710529 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2023-12-20 Skapad: 2023-12-20 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-12-20Bibliografiskt granskad
Neger, C., León-Cruz, J. F. & Gössling, S. (2024). The tourism fire exposure index for the European Union. Tourism Management, 103, Article ID 104901.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>The tourism fire exposure index for the European Union
2024 (Engelska)Ingår i: Tourism Management, ISSN 0261-5177, E-ISSN 1879-3193, Vol. 103, artikel-id 104901Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

The impacts of wildfires on tourism are growing, with concomitant detrimental consequences for tourists and destinations. However, only a few studies have assessed wildfires in tourism-dependent regions, and none have systematically explored fire risks. This paper summarizes the academic literature on tourism and wildfires that serves as a background for developing a tourism fire exposure index. The index identifies regions in the European Union at the NUTS2 level with high wildfire risks and high tourism dependency. Results show that exposure is exceptionally high in regions of Portugal and Mediterranean islands belonging to Greece and Spain. As vulnerabilities can be strategically reduced through adaptation, findings serve as a basis for the development of an integrated wildfire management framework for exposed destinations.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Elsevier, 2024
Nationell ämneskategori
Ekonomi och näringsliv
Forskningsämne
Turismvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-128672 (URN)10.1016/j.tourman.2024.104901 (DOI)2-s2.0-85184774506 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2024-04-08 Skapad: 2024-04-08 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-04-08
Fernandez, S., Gössling, S., Martin-Rios, C., Fointiat, V., Pasamar, S., Isaac, R. & Lunde, M. (2024). To tip or not to tip?: Explaining tipping behavior in restaurants with service-inclusive pricing. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 117, Article ID 103640.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>To tip or not to tip?: Explaining tipping behavior in restaurants with service-inclusive pricing
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2024 (Engelska)Ingår i: International Journal of Hospitality Management, ISSN 0278-4319, E-ISSN 1873-4693, Vol. 117, artikel-id 103640Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Tipping behavior is a vital way for waiting staff to enhance their wages, and for managers to monitor guest satisfaction. Despite its importance, there is not yet an established consensus on reasons why people tip. Our lack of understanding about tipping behavior is exacerbated by a strong reliance on studies conducted in countries that have a system of voluntary tipping (e.g., the United States). The study aims therefore at expanding our understanding of tipping behavior beyond voluntary tipping countries and more specifically explaining tipping behavior under service-inclusive pricing. Data obtained from 1458 guests in five European countries show that income and payment method are the strongest predictors of customers' decision to tip, whereas bill size is the most robust predictor of tip amount. Results advance knowledge by suggesting that social norm theory plays a major role to understand tipping behavior in service-inclusive pricing.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Elsevier, 2024
Nyckelord
Tipping behavior, Service-inclusive pricing, Service quality, Equity theory, Social norms, Payment method
Nationell ämneskategori
Ekonomi och näringsliv
Forskningsämne
Turismvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-126767 (URN)10.1016/j.ijhm.2023.103640 (DOI)001134355800001 ()2-s2.0-85179075304 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2024-01-16 Skapad: 2024-01-16 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-03-13Bibliografiskt granskad
Gössling, S. & Dolnicar, S. (2023). A review of air travel behavior and climate change. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change, 14(1), Article ID e802.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>A review of air travel behavior and climate change
2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change, ISSN 1757-7780, E-ISSN 1757-7799, Vol. 14, nr 1, artikel-id e802Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Air transport challenges the world's net-zero carbon ambitions. The sector has consistently grown and causes warming as a result of both CO2 and other, short-lived emissions. Two principal solutions have been proposed to reduce the contribution of aviation to climate change: innovations of technology and the development of interventions to trigger behavioral change. Technological innovations include new propulsion technologies and the use of sustainable aviation fuels. Behavioral change includes flight avoidance, substitution with other means of transport, the choice of efficient flight options, and carbon offsetting. This article focuses on behavior; it offers an overview of factors that lead to consumers traveling by air and discusses demand distribution complexities. The importance of price for air travel decisions is assessed, and evidence of travel "wants" are contrasted with "needs," the latter investigated in light of the COVID-19 pandemic. The review of relevant scholarly work culminates in an action list enabling air travelers, policy makers, the aviation industry, researchers and society to meaningfully advance low-carbon air transport trajectories. This article is categorized under: Perceptions, Behavior, and Communication of Climate Change > Behavior Change and Responses The Carbon Economy and Climate Mitigation > Policies, Instruments, Lifestyles, Behavior

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
John Wiley & Sons, 2023
Nyckelord
air travel, aviation, behavior, demand, social norms
Nationell ämneskategori
Ekonomi och näringsliv
Forskningsämne
Turismvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-116361 (URN)10.1002/wcc.802 (DOI)000842075800001 ()2-s2.0-85120031492 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2022-09-20 Skapad: 2022-09-20 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-05-09Bibliografiskt granskad
Scott, D., Hall, C. M., Rushton, B. & Gössling, S. (2023). A review of the IPCC Sixth Assessment and implications for tourism development and sectoral climate action. Journal of Sustainable Tourism
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>A review of the IPCC Sixth Assessment and implications for tourism development and sectoral climate action
2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Sustainable Tourism, ISSN 0966-9582, E-ISSN 1747-7646Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

The Sixth Assessment Report (AR6) of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change represents the state of knowledge of anthropogenic disruption to the climate system, its diverse ecosystem and societal impacts, and the imperative for and challenges of mitigation and adaptation responses. It is foundational for global climate policymaking. This paper examines the place of tourism in AR6 and reviews its key findings for tourism's future. Overall, tourism related content declined relative to previous assessments. While notable improvements in content occurred for Africa, visible knowledge gaps remain in the tourism growth regions of South America, Middle East, and South Asia. There remains limited discussion of many impacts, and very limited understanding of integrated impacts and the effectiveness of adaptation strategies at the destination scale. The contribution of tourism to global emissions was omitted, however tourism was discussed in the context of luxury emissions and just transitions. Tourism is repeatedly identified in solution space discussions, particularly for ecosystem protection, but without consideration of the future of tourism in a rapidly decarbonizing and climate disrupted economy. With only 21% of published climate change and tourism literature in the AR6 review period cited, tourism academics should elevate tourism content and engagement in future assessments.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Taylor & Francis Group, 2023
Nyckelord
climate change, tourism, IPCC, emissions, mitigation, impacts, adaptation
Nationell ämneskategori
Klimatforskning Ekonomi och näringsliv
Forskningsämne
Turismvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-120767 (URN)10.1080/09669582.2023.2195597 (DOI)000960523300001 ()2-s2.0-85151952421 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2023-05-17 Skapad: 2023-05-17 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-02-15
Gössling, S., Balas, M., Mayer, M. & Sun, Y.-Y. (2023). A review of tourism and climate change mitigation: The scales, scopes, stakeholders and strategies of carbon management. Tourism Management, 95, Article ID 104681.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>A review of tourism and climate change mitigation: The scales, scopes, stakeholders and strategies of carbon management
2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: Tourism Management, ISSN 0261-5177, E-ISSN 1879-3193, Vol. 95, artikel-id 104681Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Tourism needs to reduce emissions in line with other economic sectors, if the international community's objective of staying global warming at 1.5 degrees-2.0 degrees C is to be achieved. This will require the industry to half emissions to 2030, and to reach net-zero by mid-century. Mitigation requires consideration of four dimensions, the Scales, Scopes, Stakeholders and Strategies of carbon management. The paper provides a systematic review of these dimensions and their interrelationships, with a focus on emission inventory comprehensiveness; allocation principles at different scales; clearly defined responsibilities for decarbonization; and the identification of significant mitigation strategies. The paper concludes that without mitigation efforts, tourism will deplete 40% of the world's remaining carbon budget to 1.5 degrees C. Yet, the most powerful decarbonization measures face major corporate, political and technical barriers. Without worldwide policy efforts at the national scale to manage the sector's emissions, tourism will turn into one of the major drivers of climate change.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Elsevier, 2023
Nyckelord
Climate change, Decarbonization, Destination management, Net-zero emissions, I/O analysis, Science-based targets
Nationell ämneskategori
Ekonomi och näringsliv Klimatforskning
Forskningsämne
Turismvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-119830 (URN)10.1016/j.tourman.2022.104681 (DOI)000927635700002 ()2-s2.0-85141514790 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2023-03-16 Skapad: 2023-03-16 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-09-07Bibliografiskt granskad
Hopkins, D., Gössling, S., Cohen, S., Hanna, P. & Higham, J. E. S. (2023). Aeromasculinities and the fallacy of sustainable aviation. Energy Research & Social Science, 106, Article ID 103319.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Aeromasculinities and the fallacy of sustainable aviation
Visa övriga...
2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: Energy Research & Social Science, ISSN 2214-6296, E-ISSN 2214-6326, Vol. 106, artikel-id 103319Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Despite growing recognition of the material impacts of fossil fuel extraction and use, many economic sectors remain highly dependent on these fuels. Amid growing pressure to - at a minimum - appear to be doing something, businesses increasingly communicate the actions they (seek to) take to reduce their environmental impacts. Oftentimes they aim to build a sense of compatible coexistence of the sector with particular modes of sustainability. For air transport, 'sustainable aviation' has emerged as a container term for a suite of actions proposed by sectoral actors in seeking to align the sector with social and environmental sustainability. This paper critically interrogates 'sustainable aviation' through an analysis of the websites and reports of 14 international and regional airlines. Our analysis reveals the multiple and diverse ways that dominant logics (1) underpin the status quo, (2) depend on 'the science', (3) support techno-organisational changes and (4) prioritise sectoral growth. By recognising the gendered nature of environmentalism, we suggest that 'sustainable aviation' can be viewed as an active enactment of aeromasculinities - a gendered system of thinking, being and doing which forecloses radical action and change required for a climate-safe and just energy future.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Elsevier, 2023
Nyckelord
Aeromobilities, Sustainable aviation, Justice, Carbon emissions, Masculinities
Nationell ämneskategori
Ekonomi och näringsliv
Forskningsämne
Turismvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-126261 (URN)10.1016/j.erss.2023.103319 (DOI)001115120400001 ()2-s2.0-85176224049 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2024-01-09 Skapad: 2024-01-09 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-02-15Bibliografiskt granskad
Humpe, A., Sun, Y.-Y. & Gössling, S. (2023). Cruise emissions and economic feasibility of biofuels [Letter to the editor]. Annals of Tourism Research, 103, Article ID 103666.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Cruise emissions and economic feasibility of biofuels
2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: Annals of Tourism Research, ISSN 0160-7383, E-ISSN 1873-7722, Vol. 103, artikel-id 103666Artikel i tidskrift, Letter (Refereegranskat) Published
Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Elsevier, 2023
Nyckelord
Cruise lines, Emissions, Biofuels, Sustainability, Decarbonisation
Nationell ämneskategori
Ekonomi och näringsliv Klimatforskning
Forskningsämne
Turismvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-126286 (URN)10.1016/j.annals.2023.103666 (DOI)001122220500001 ()2-s2.0-85173515180 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2024-01-09 Skapad: 2024-01-09 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-02-15Bibliografiskt granskad
Organisationer
Identifikatorer
ORCID-id: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-0505-9207

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