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Andersson, A., Blomberg, F. & Gullberg, M. (2019). Crosslinguistic influence in the processing of L2 verb semantics?: An auditory ERP study. In: EuroSLA 29, The 29th Conference of the European Second Language Association: Book of Abstracts. Paper presented at The 29th conference of the European Second Language Association, EuroSLA 29, August 28-31, 2019, Lund, Sweden (pp. 235-235). Lund University
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Crosslinguistic influence in the processing of L2 verb semantics?: An auditory ERP study
2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: EuroSLA 29, The 29th Conference of the European Second Language Association: Book of Abstracts, Lund University , 2019, s. 235-235Konferensbidrag, Poster (med eller utan abstract) (Refereegranskat)
Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Lund University, 2019
Nationell ämneskategori
Jämförande språkvetenskap och allmän lingvistik
Forskningsämne
Humaniora, Lingvistik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-92596 (URN)
Konferens
The 29th conference of the European Second Language Association, EuroSLA 29, August 28-31, 2019, Lund, Sweden
Tillgänglig från: 2020-03-04 Skapad: 2020-03-04 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-03-11Bibliografiskt granskad
Farshchi, S., Andersson, A., van de Weijer, J. & Paradis, C. (2019). ERP studies of visual and auditory processing of negated sentences. In: [Presented at] The XIV International Symposium of Pshycholinguistics: . Paper presented at The XIV International Symposium of Psycholinguistics (ISP), Tarragona 10-13 April, 2019 (pp. 85-85). Tarragona: Rovira i Virgili University
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>ERP studies of visual and auditory processing of negated sentences
2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: [Presented at] The XIV International Symposium of Pshycholinguistics, Tarragona: Rovira i Virgili University , 2019, s. 85-85Konferensbidrag, Poster (med eller utan abstract) (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

In two event-related potential studies, we investigated the processing of sentences with prefixal negation (unauthorized), sentential negation (not authorized) and no negation (authorized). We asked whether prefixal and sentential negation resulted in delayed processing. In Experiment 1, sentences such as “The White House announced that the new Obama biography was authorized/unauthorized/not authorized therefore the details in the book were correct/wrong in actual fact” were presented visually word by word and were followed by a forced binary-choice task (“Did the sentence make sense?”). The underlined words indicate the manipulations and the bold words indicate the critical words. In Experiment 2, the same sentences were presented auditorily. In both experiments, ERPs to the critical words were analyzed. The results suggest that in both experiments, the False version of non-negated sentences (authorized combined with wrong) elicited a larger N400 and P600 than the True version (authorized combined with correct). Sentences with prefixal and sentential negation in the visual experiment were related to slower processing suggesting a delay in integrating negation. However, in the auditory study, False sentences elicited increases in the P600 suggesting that both negation forms were successfully processed. The difference in processing the negated forms between the two modalities could be explained by the fact that the auditory paradigm allowed for a faster presentation and participants could thus keep the negated forms in working memory, while the visual study was, due to a slower presentation, more demanding on the working memory requiring an activation of the negated meanings as the critical words appeared.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Tarragona: Rovira i Virgili University, 2019
Nyckelord
negation, ERPs, EEG, processing cost, processing difficulty
Nationell ämneskategori
Studier av enskilda språk
Forskningsämne
Humaniora, Engelska med språkvetenskaplig inriktning
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-93211 (URN)
Konferens
The XIV International Symposium of Psycholinguistics (ISP), Tarragona 10-13 April, 2019
Tillgänglig från: 2020-03-31 Skapad: 2020-03-31 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-04-01Bibliografiskt granskad
Farshchi, S., Andersson, A., van de Weijer, J. & Paradis, C. (2019). Event-related potentials to visual processing of incongruities in negated and affirmative sentences. In: Presented at the Eleventh Annual Meeting of the Society for the Neurobiology of Language Meeting (SNL 2019), Helsinki, Finland, October 21-23, 2019: . Paper presented at Eleventh Annual Meeting of the Society for the Neurobiology of Language Meeting (SNL 2019), Helsinki, Finland, October 21-23, 2019. Helsinki: Society for the Neurobiology of Language
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Event-related potentials to visual processing of incongruities in negated and affirmative sentences
2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: Presented at the Eleventh Annual Meeting of the Society for the Neurobiology of Language Meeting (SNL 2019), Helsinki, Finland, October 21-23, 2019, Helsinki: Society for the Neurobiology of Language , 2019Konferensbidrag, Poster (med eller utan abstract) (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

In spite of the fact that negation has been the focus of many studies, the way it is processed in human communication still eludes us. Previous studies of negation using event-related potentials (ERPs) have reported inconclusive results as to whether or not negation poses a difficultiesy for processing. While some have found that negation was initially is ignored and incongruities in negated sentences did do not modulate the N400 effect (Fischler et al., 1983; Lüdtke et al., 2008), others have found that the N400 was is modulated in incongruent negated sentences similarly to affirmative sentences (Nieuwland & Kuperberg, 2008). Moreover, Tthis research, however, has been limited to sentential negators, such as not and no while other forms, such as prefixally negated forms with un are largely unexplored despite their frequency of use (Tottie, 1980). To remedy this, tTwo questions are at the core, namely whether 1) there is a difficulty in the processing of negation as measured by ERPs, and 2) prefixally negated forms are processed similarly to sententially negated forms or to affirmative forms.

In order to answer these questions, the processing of sentences with affirmative (authorized), prefixally negated (unauthorized) and sententially negated (not authorized) forms adjectives was investigated in sentential contextsces, such as The details in the new Obama biography were correct/wrong because the book was authorized/unauthorized/not authorized by the White House. In each sentence, aA member of an opposite pair (underlined) in the first part of the sentence in combinationwas combined with the a negated or affirmative adjective (bold; critical word) in the second part creatinged a semantically congruent or incongruent context. The amplitudes of the ERP effects, N400 (300-500 ms) and the P600 (500-700 ms), as well as accuracy rates and response times to sentences were recorded and analyzed using mixed-effects modelling. 

The behavioral results (analyseis of accuracy and response times) revealed suggested that sentential negation was more difficult to process than prefixal negation and affirmative forms. The ERP analyses were in line with the behavioralwere consistent with these results in that the most effortless processing was observed for affirmatives where incongruities elicited a larger N400, indicating a successful detection of the incongruities. Prefixal negation was more difficult than affirmative forms, resulting in a parietal N400 combined with a centro-parietal P600, indicating a re-evaluation of the content of the sentence. Sentential negation was seemed to be the most difficult form to process as the ERP effects of congruency were restricted to a P600, suggesting that incongruities in these sentences were processed differently to the other two conditions and were concentrated on re-evaluation processes.

In line with previous research, we show conclude that sentential negation (not) is more difficult to process than affirmatives and prefixal negation (un). However, we do not find that not has been entirely ignored in processing. We present two novel findings: 1. Different mechanisms are involved in processing incongruities in negated sentences (P600) than in affirmative sentences (N400), 2. No differences are observed between prefixal negation and affirmative forms in the behavioral results but the ERP patterns indicate that the course of processing of these formsprefixal negation is more demanding than affirmative forms. 

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Helsinki: Society for the Neurobiology of Language, 2019
Nyckelord
English, negation, ERP, N400, P600
Nationell ämneskategori
Studier av enskilda språk
Forskningsämne
Humaniora, Engelska med språkvetenskaplig inriktning
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-93213 (URN)
Konferens
Eleventh Annual Meeting of the Society for the Neurobiology of Language Meeting (SNL 2019), Helsinki, Finland, October 21-23, 2019
Tillgänglig från: 2020-03-31 Skapad: 2020-03-31 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-04-03Bibliografiskt granskad
Blomberg, F., Gullberg, M. & Andersson, A. (2019). First language matters: An auditory ERP study of crosslinguistic influence effects on semantic processing. In: SNL 2019, August 20-22, Helsinki, Finland: Eleventh Annual Meeting of the Society for the Neurobiology of Language. Paper presented at The Eleventh Annual Meeting of the Society for the Neurobiology of Language, SNL 2019, August 20-22, 2019, Helsinki, Finland (pp. 229-230). Society for the Neurobiology of Language
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>First language matters: An auditory ERP study of crosslinguistic influence effects on semantic processing
2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: SNL 2019, August 20-22, Helsinki, Finland: Eleventh Annual Meeting of the Society for the Neurobiology of Language, Society for the Neurobiology of Language , 2019, s. 229-230Konferensbidrag, Poster (med eller utan abstract) (Refereegranskat)
Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Society for the Neurobiology of Language, 2019
Nationell ämneskategori
Jämförande språkvetenskap och allmän lingvistik
Forskningsämne
Humaniora, Lingvistik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-92594 (URN)
Konferens
The Eleventh Annual Meeting of the Society for the Neurobiology of Language, SNL 2019, August 20-22, 2019, Helsinki, Finland
Tillgänglig från: 2020-03-04 Skapad: 2020-03-04 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-03-11Bibliografiskt granskad
Andersson, A. (2019). Flerspråkighet: Barnkonventionen och barnens rätt till alla sina språk. In: Lina Ponnert, Anna Sonander (Ed.), Perspektiv på barnkonventionen: Forskning, teori och praktik (pp. 225-254). Lund: Studentlitteratur AB
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Flerspråkighet: Barnkonventionen och barnens rätt till alla sina språk
2019 (Svenska)Ingår i: Perspektiv på barnkonventionen: Forskning, teori och praktik / [ed] Lina Ponnert, Anna Sonander, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2019, s. 225-254Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [sv]

I detta kapitel resoneras kring barns rättigheter till utveckling, att behålla sin identitet och att använda sina språk. Rättigheterna kommer att diskuteras utifrån vikten av modersmålen 1) för tillägnandet av svenska som ett andraspråk, 2) för identitetsutvecklingen och 3) som stöd för samspelet mellan vårdnadshavare och barn. Målet är att genom en presentation av forskningsresultat skapa en förståelse för och kunskap om modersmålets vikt och hur rätten till språket skulle kunna tolkas enligt barnkonventionen. 

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2019
Nyckelord
Flerspråkighet, barnkonvention, minoritetsspråk
Nationell ämneskategori
Studier av enskilda språk
Forskningsämne
Humaniora, Svenska som andraspråk
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-93209 (URN)978-91-44-12501-5 (ISBN)
Tillgänglig från: 2020-03-31 Skapad: 2020-03-31 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-04-02Bibliografiskt granskad
Farshchi, S., Andersson, A., van de Weijer, J. & Paradis, C. (2019). Integration of negation in sentence comprehension: An ERP study. In: SALC7 - book of abstracts: The seventh conference of the Scandinavian Association for Language and Cognition, Aarhus University, May 22 – 24, 2019, Building 1441, Tåsingegade 3, 8000 Aarhus, Denmark. Paper presented at The seventh conference of the Scandinavian Association for Language and Cognition, Aarhus University, May 22 – 24, 2019 (pp. 41-43). Aarhus: Aarhus University
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Integration of negation in sentence comprehension: An ERP study
2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: SALC7 - book of abstracts: The seventh conference of the Scandinavian Association for Language and Cognition, Aarhus University, May 22 – 24, 2019, Building 1441, Tåsingegade 3, 8000 Aarhus, Denmark, Aarhus: Aarhus University , 2019, s. 41-43Konferensbidrag, Muntlig presentation med publicerat abstract (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

This study examines the integration of negation in sentences. It compares the affirmative forms with two forms of negation: 1. Prefixal negation (unauthorized) and 2. Sentential negation (not authorized). The aim is to determine (i) whether there is a delay in the integration of negation, and (ii) whether prefixal negation is processed in a similar way to the negated form or the affirmative form.

Previous studies using event-related brain potentials (ERPs) have shown that negation is ignored in early processing in the presence of semantic priming effects and incongruent world knowledge (Ferguson, Sanford & Leuthold, 2008, Fischler, Bloom, Childers, Roucos & Perry, 1983; Lüdtke, Friedrich, De Filippis & Kaup, 2008). Based on these findings, the “two-step simulation hypothesis” was developed (Kaup, Lüdtke, & Zwaan, 2006; Lüdtke et al., 2008). According to this hypothesis, language users first simulate the affirmative concept and only later integrate negation (e.g. ‘open door’ and ‘closed door’, respectively, in The door is not open) (Kaup et al., 2006). Other studies have provided evidence suggesting negation can be integrated immediately if the context in which it occurs is optimal and negation fulfills its most natural function of rejecting a plausible statement (Nieuwland & Kuperberg, 2008; Nieuwland & Martin, 2012).  

The present study. Using ERPs, this study revisited this issue by investigating the integration of negation in a sentence comprehension task. Participants (N=26) read sentences such as The White House announced that the new Obama biography was authorized/unauthorized/not authorized therefore the details in the book were correct/wrong in actual fact, where the first part of the sentence contained the negated adjective and the second part contained one member of an antonym pair (correct/wrong), according to which the sentence was either congruent or incongruent. ERPs were time-locked to the antonym in the second part of the sentence and amplitudes were analyzed in two time-windows of 300-400-msec and 500-700-msec.

Results and discussion. In affirmative sentences, Incongruent condition resulted in a larger N400 followed by a larger P600 in the Parietal region and Central region. For Prefixal negation, a larger negativity was observed in both time-windows in the Frontal and Central regions. For sentential negation, no effect of Congruency was found between 300-400 msec. However, in the 500-700-msec time-window, a larger negativity was observed for Incongruent compared to Congruent sentences in the Parietal region.

Conclusion. These findings suggest that while participants react to anomalies in affirmative sentences, they have difficulty processing sentences with prefixal and sentential negation. Both negation types elicit a larger negativity different from the typical N400 which suggests that negation has not been fully integrated at that point in time. 

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Aarhus: Aarhus University, 2019
Nyckelord
English, negation, ERP
Nationell ämneskategori
Studier av enskilda språk
Forskningsämne
Humaniora, Engelska med språkvetenskaplig inriktning
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-93212 (URN)
Konferens
The seventh conference of the Scandinavian Association for Language and Cognition, Aarhus University, May 22 – 24, 2019
Tillgänglig från: 2020-03-31 Skapad: 2020-03-31 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-04-01Bibliografiskt granskad
Andersson, A., Sayehli, S. & Gullberg, M. (2019). Language background affects online word order processing in a second language but not offline. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 22(4), 802-825
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Language background affects online word order processing in a second language but not offline
2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, ISSN 1366-7289, E-ISSN 1469-1841, Vol. 22, nr 4, s. 802-825Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

This study examines possible crosslinguistic influence on basic word order processing in a second language (L2). Targeting Swedish V2 word order we investigate adult German learners (+V2 in the L1) and English learners (-V2 in the L1) of Swedish who are matched for proficiency. We report results from two offline behavioural tasks (written production, metalinguistic judgments), and online processing as measured by event-related potentials (ERPs). All groups showed sensitivity to word order violations behaviourally and neurocognitively. Behaviourally, the learners differed from the native speakers only on judgements. Crucially, they did not differ from each other. Neurocognitively, all groups showed a similar increased centro-parietal P600 ERP-effect, but German learners (+V2) displayed more nativelike anterior ERP-effects than English learners (-V2). The results suggest crosslinguistic influence in that the presence of a similar word order in the L1 can facilitate online processing in an L2-- even if no offline behavioural effects are discerned.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Cambridge University Press, 2019
Nyckelord
Event-related potentials, LAN/P600, frontal positivity, word order, crosslinguistic influence
Nationell ämneskategori
Psykologi Språk och litteratur
Forskningsämne
Samhällsvetenskap, Psykologi; Humaniora, Svenska som andraspråk
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-75289 (URN)10.1017/S1366728918000573 (DOI)000475938800020 ()2-s2.0-85049552200 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2018-06-07 Skapad: 2018-06-07 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-08-29Bibliografiskt granskad
Hansson, K., Blomberg, F., Cohn, N. & Andersson, A. (2019). Processing of verbal and visual language structure: Applying the visual language paradigm on children with and without developmental language disorders. In: : . Paper presented at European Group for Child Language Disorders, Tel Aviv.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Processing of verbal and visual language structure: Applying the visual language paradigm on children with and without developmental language disorders
2019 (Engelska)Konferensbidrag, Poster (med eller utan abstract) (Refereegranskat)
Nationell ämneskategori
Jämförande språkvetenskap och allmän lingvistik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-92593 (URN)
Konferens
European Group for Child Language Disorders, Tel Aviv
Tillgänglig från: 2020-03-04 Skapad: 2020-03-04 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-05-04
Andersson, A., Blomberg, F., Cohn, N. & Hansson, K. (2019). The First Step to Study Neurophysiological Processing of Visual and Verbal Language in Children with Developmental Language Disorder. In: : . Paper presented at The 40th Annual Symposium on Research in Child Language Disorders, June 6-8, 2019, Madison, Wisconsin..
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>The First Step to Study Neurophysiological Processing of Visual and Verbal Language in Children with Developmental Language Disorder
2019 (Engelska)Konferensbidrag, Poster (med eller utan abstract) (Refereegranskat)
Nationell ämneskategori
Jämförande språkvetenskap och allmän lingvistik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-92591 (URN)
Konferens
The 40th Annual Symposium on Research in Child Language Disorders, June 6-8, 2019, Madison, Wisconsin.
Tillgänglig från: 2020-03-04 Skapad: 2020-03-04 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-03-11
Blomberg, F., Hansson, K., Cohn, N. & Andersson, A. (2019). Verbal and visual language structure: A study of children with developmental language disorder probing domain general processing. In: The Lund Symposium on Cognition, Communication and Learning, April 24-26, 2019, Lund, Sweden: . Paper presented at The Lund Symposium on Cognition, Communication and Learning, April 24-26, 2019, Lund, Sweden.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Verbal and visual language structure: A study of children with developmental language disorder probing domain general processing
2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: The Lund Symposium on Cognition, Communication and Learning, April 24-26, 2019, Lund, Sweden, 2019Konferensbidrag, Poster (med eller utan abstract) (Refereegranskat)
Nationell ämneskategori
Jämförande språkvetenskap och allmän lingvistik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-92588 (URN)
Konferens
The Lund Symposium on Cognition, Communication and Learning, April 24-26, 2019, Lund, Sweden
Tillgänglig från: 2020-03-04 Skapad: 2020-03-04 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-05-04Bibliografiskt granskad
Organisationer
Identifikatorer
ORCID-id: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-6731-1522

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