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Holt, Kristoffer, ProfessorORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-2017-1117
Publications (10 of 73) Show all publications
Frischlich, L., Eldridge, S. A., Figenschou, T. U., Ihlebæk, K. A., Holt, K. & Cushion, S. (2023). Contesting the Mainstream: Towards an Audience-Centered Agenda of Alternative News Research. Digital Journalism, 11(5), 727-740
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Contesting the Mainstream: Towards an Audience-Centered Agenda of Alternative News Research
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2023 (English)In: Digital Journalism, ISSN 2167-0811, E-ISSN 2167-082X, Vol. 11, no 5, p. 727-740Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In order to better understand alternative news media, we need to focus more centrally on the audiences that regularly consume them. This special issue, entitled “Contesting the Mainstream: Understanding Alternative News Media,” advances such an audience turn. In the introduction, we outline how scholars have understood and characterized alternative news audiences. These have ranged from seeing them as (i) ideal participants and activists; as (ii) being misinformed and manipulated; and as (iii) being critical users. Drawing on studies published in this special issue, we highlight how these studies provide new and revealing empirical insights that advance all three perspectives. Taken together, the articles make a strong argument to move beyond binary ideations of normatively “good” or “bad” alternative news audiences. In our view, they signal the need to better understand the complexity behind audience engagement not just with alternative news media but mainstream journalism more generally. Based on this argument, we identify several starting points for moving the field forward with such an audience turn in mind.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis Group, 2023
Keywords
audience turn, alternative news, media, misinformation, participation, users
National Category
Media Studies
Research subject
Media Studies and Journalism
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-122257 (URN)10.1080/21670811.2023.2214791 (DOI)001009109900001 ()2-s2.0-85163190150 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-06-20 Created: 2023-06-20 Last updated: 2023-08-09Bibliographically approved
Holt, K. (2023). Kulturkrig och populism: Vilken roll spelar de journalistiska medierna?. Ikaros, 2023(3), 6-11
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kulturkrig och populism: Vilken roll spelar de journalistiska medierna?
2023 (Swedish)In: Ikaros, ISSN 1796-1998, Vol. 2023, no 3, p. 6-11Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Keywords
journalistik; populism; kulturkrig
National Category
Media and Communications Cultural Studies
Research subject
Media Studies and Journalism
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-125206 (URN)
Available from: 2023-10-18 Created: 2023-10-18 Last updated: 2023-10-19Bibliographically approved
Nykvist, A., Wahlberg, M., Holt, K., Dahlén, P. & Ezz El Din, M. (2023). Measuring young citizens appreciation of news - between attention, emotional reactions and pertinent quality assessments. In: : . Paper presented at NordMedia Conference 2023 Bergen. Kalmar: Ari LNU-fasta
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Measuring young citizens appreciation of news - between attention, emotional reactions and pertinent quality assessments
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2023 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Kalmar: Ari LNU-fasta, 2023
Series
Ari LNU-fasta
National Category
Humanities and the Arts
Research subject
Media Studies and Journalism, Journalism
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-127551 (URN)
Conference
NordMedia Conference 2023 Bergen
Available from: 2024-02-06 Created: 2024-02-06 Last updated: 2024-02-06
Holt, K. (2023). Right-wing alternative news media and digital politics (2ed.). In: Stephen Coleman; Lone Sorensen (Ed.), Handbook of Digital Politics: (pp. 436-448). Edward Elgar Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Right-wing alternative news media and digital politics
2023 (English)In: Handbook of Digital Politics / [ed] Stephen Coleman; Lone Sorensen, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2023, 2, p. 436-448Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

At the heart of academic theorising about media and their political role in modern democratic society, there has always been concern for the power that is possible to wield through mass-mediated symbolic representation (Thompson, 1995). This power is expressed through various processes, such as, normalising viewpoints and preferences, while ostracizing others (Ramasubramanian & Yadlin-Segal, 2017), focus attention to specific issues, while ignoring others, representing acceptability and anathemizing otherness. Ultimately, the spectrum of various expressions and exercises of media power laid bare by media scholarship so far, has to some extent always rested upon the notion of there being a few highly influential and dominant media outlets in a given context, which form the basis for an infrastructure of dissemination, that distribute news-content to a mass-audience, thereby constituting a framework for the formation of a shared frame of reference among citizens. Although terminology is still debated, these are commonly referred to as “mainstream media” or alternatively as “legacy media”. Discussion about the power of media in relation to political life, has therefore been related to the concentration of ownership, distributive reach and capacity for production among a few actors who will be centrally placed and therefore play key roles in the shaping of political discussions, information and the conditions for participation. The internet, and the social media, “web 2.0” (O´Reilly, 2005) revolution added a new layer to this, since it opened up possibilities for participation and visibility in a new way, partly tearing down a long held, and well established power-concentration among the influential media operations

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Edward Elgar Publishing, 2023 Edition: 2
Series
Elgar Handbooks in Political Science
Keywords
Digital politics, alternative media, culture war, culture wars
National Category
Media Studies
Research subject
Media Studies and Journalism
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-125799 (URN)978 1 80037 757 8 (ISBN)978 1 80037 758 5 (ISBN)
Available from: 2023-11-27 Created: 2023-11-27 Last updated: 2024-01-30Bibliographically approved
Holt, K., Nykvist, A., Ezz El Din, M., Wahlberg, M. & Dahlén, P. (2023). Young citizens and the quality of news:: Construals, Emotions and Strategies. Gothenburg: Lindholmen Science Park
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Young citizens and the quality of news:: Construals, Emotions and Strategies
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2023 (English)Report (Other academic)
Alternative title[sv]
Så kan unga lockas av nyheter : Labbtester med 18-25-åringar gav unika resultat
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med projektet Young citizens and the quality of news: Construals, Emotions and Strategies har varit att utforska nya sätt att undersöka hur unga betraktar nyheter, hur de interagerar med nyhetsinnehåll och hur känsloreaktioner inverkar på bedömningen av kvalitet. 

Studien är gjord med hjälp av ett flertal metoder, både kvantitativa, kvalitativa och laborativa. Genom att be unga mellan 18 och 25 år att själva leta upp nyheter på sin mobil och samtidigt mäta deras ögonrörelser, genom att visa dem ett antal nyhetsklipp och mäta deras reaktioner samt genom att göra djupintervjuer med de unga om vad de sett och hur de upplevt det, har forskargruppen kunnat dra flera slutsatser kring hur unga definierar och reagerar på nyheter. 

Nu finns rapporten som sammanfattar projektet att läsa och ladda ner på Medier & demokratis hemsida. 

Studien visar bland annat att kvalitet för unga mediekonsumenter är intimt sammankopplat med upplevd relevans och att nyheters förmåga att beröra emotionellt beskrivs som väldigt viktigt för hur de unga i studien bedömer kvalitet. Hur de unga gör för att hitta nyheter varierar, men ett tydligt mönster bland studiens deltagare är att de föredrar textbaserade nyhetsartiklar. 

I rapporten ger forskarna flera tips på vad redaktioner bör göra för att lyckas nå de unga läsarna. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Gothenburg: Lindholmen Science Park, 2023. p. 29
Series
Medier & demokrati, Rapport
Keywords
young citizens, news, quality, biometric, eye-tracking, Galvanic Skin Response, observation, unga medborgare, nyheter, kvalitet, biometri, eye-tracking, GSR, observation
National Category
Media Studies
Research subject
Media Studies and Journalism
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-125887 (URN)
Available from: 2023-12-06 Created: 2023-12-06 Last updated: 2024-02-14Bibliographically approved
Holt, K. & Schirrmacher, B. (2022). Media and Modalities – News Media. In: Jørgen Bruhn;Beate Schirrmacher (Ed.), Intermedial Studies: An Introduction to Meaning Across Media (pp. 86-99). London: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Media and Modalities – News Media
2022 (English)In: Intermedial Studies: An Introduction to Meaning Across Media / [ed] Jørgen Bruhn;Beate Schirrmacher, London: Routledge, 2022, p. 86-99Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

As we were writing this chapter, the 2020 election campaign in the US was entering its last week before the elections. There are probably few more news-intensive events in the world than the American presidential elections. The smallest and, in other settings, seemingly irrelevant details of a candidate’s behaviour and appearance (a slip of the tongue, the way that they laugh or their temporary memory losses) are immediately picked up by cameras and microphones and publicized across news networks and commented on and shared throughout social media networks in a matter of seconds and minutes, possibly affecting people’s attitudes towards particular politicians and parties (directly or indirectly).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Routledge, 2022
Keywords
news, intermediality, transmediality, journalism, narrative, story, modality, media type, semiotic, trust, press, ontology of news, epistemology of news
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Media Studies and Journalism
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-108055 (URN)10.4324/9781003174288-6 (DOI)9781003174288 (ISBN)9781032004549 (ISBN)9781032004662 (ISBN)
Available from: 2021-11-15 Created: 2021-11-15 Last updated: 2023-03-14Bibliographically approved
Holt, K. (2022). Mediesatsningen som vann valet?. In: Niklas Bolin, Kajsa Falasca, Marie Grusell, Lars Nord (Ed.), Snabbtänkt 2.0 22: Reflektioner från valet 2022 av ledande forskare (pp. 85-85). Sundsvall: Mittuniversitetet, Demicom
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mediesatsningen som vann valet?
2022 (Swedish)In: Snabbtänkt 2.0 22: Reflektioner från valet 2022 av ledande forskare / [ed] Niklas Bolin, Kajsa Falasca, Marie Grusell, Lars Nord, Sundsvall: Mittuniversitetet, Demicom , 2022, p. 85-85Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Ett nytillkommet inslag i den svenska alternativmediefloran inför valet 2022 är Riks (riks.se), som drivs av Sverigedemokratiska Samtid & Framtid AB och främst producerar innehåll i videoformat, ämnat för spridning via sociala medier. Riks YouTube-kanal startades i januari 2021 och har sedan dess publicerat 4173 videos som sammantaget fått 77 777 592 visningar och har idag över 95 000 prenumeranter (15 sept., 2022). Detta innebär i genomsnitt 47 filmer i veckan, och över 18 000 visningar i snitt per video. Det är uppenbart att Riks måste ses som en viktig del av Sverigedemokraternas valkampanj. Bara under sista veckan fram till valdagen publicerades 85 filmer och dagen efter valet tog Riks paus. Detta är en ambitiös mediesatsning av ett politiskt parti som saknar motstycke i svensk politik. Övriga partier bleknar i jämförelse. I ljuset av Sverigedemokraternas framgång i valet (från rikets tredje största parti i valet 2018 med 17,5% av rösterna i riksdagsvalet till andra största parti 2022 med 20,5%) är frågan i vilken utsträckning denna satsning har bidragit till det ökade stödet från allmänheten

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sundsvall: Mittuniversitetet, Demicom, 2022
Series
DEMICOM rapportserie ; 51
Keywords
Riks, alternativa medier, politisk kommunikation, valkampanj
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Media Studies and Journalism
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-116506 (URN)9789189341777 (ISBN)
Note

Kapitel i rapport

Available from: 2022-09-22 Created: 2022-09-22 Last updated: 2023-03-14Bibliographically approved
Ihlebæk, K. A., Figenschou, T. U., Eldridge, S. A., Frischlich, L., Cushion, S. & Holt, K. (2022). Understanding Alternative News Media and Its Contribution to Diversity. Digital Journalism, 10(8), 1267-1282
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Understanding Alternative News Media and Its Contribution to Diversity
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2022 (English)In: Digital Journalism, ISSN 2167-0811, E-ISSN 2167-082X, Vol. 10, no 8, p. 1267-1282Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this introduction to the special issue Contesting the Mainstream: Understanding Alternative News Media, we discuss how and to what extent alternative news media contribute to news diversity. We elaborate on the concept of diversity, the democratic role of media, and the normative implications of alternative media in the wider media sphere. Based on the articles published in this special issue, that offer new and revealing empirical insights into a wide range of alternative media sites and their practices, from Europe, Asia, the Middle East, North America, and Latin America, we argue that it becomes increasingly clear that awareness about normative positions within alternative media research is imperative. This is because an appreciation of the normative purpose of alternative media guides our ability to understand their role in society. The necessity for thinking through such positions is particularly exemplified by the most radical alternative media actors, and how they are debated and studied in different political systems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Taylor & Francis, 2022
Keywords
alternative media; diversity; mainstream media; news
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Media Studies and Journalism
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-117635 (URN)10.1080/21670811.2022.2134165 (DOI)000879949800001 ()2-s2.0-85141805891 (Scopus ID)
Funder
The Research Council of Norway
Available from: 2022-11-21 Created: 2022-11-21 Last updated: 2023-03-14Bibliographically approved
Holt, K., Nykvist, A., Ezz El Din, M., Wahlberg, M., de la Brosse, R. & Dahlén, P. (2022). Young Citizens and the Quality of new: Measuring attention and emotional reactions in relation to quality assessments. In: Presented at the 72nd Annual ICA Conference "One World, One Network‽", Paris, 26-30 May, 2022: . Paper presented at The 72nd Annual ICA Conference "One World, One Network‽", Paris, 26-30 May, 2022.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Young Citizens and the Quality of new: Measuring attention and emotional reactions in relation to quality assessments
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2022 (English)In: Presented at the 72nd Annual ICA Conference "One World, One Network‽", Paris, 26-30 May, 2022, 2022Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Young adult citizens (18-30 years) tend to turn away from traditional news media and migrate to media where emotions occupy a more central place and where journalistic standards are not self-evident, thus challenging public discourse and the notion of quality associated with established news media (Schwaiger et al., 2022; Backholm et al., 2021; Baek et al., 2019; Berthelsen & Hameleers, 2021). In this paper, we test possibilities of investigating how young adult citizens construe (perceive, comprehend and interpret) and experience quality of news content in a high choice, hybrid media landscape (Chadwick et al., 2015), characterized by multimodal and intermedial possibilities offered in social media (Holt & Schirrmacher, 2021). In particular, we explore if there is a possible link between emotional reactions to news items, and subsequent quality rating. In media and journalism research, the importance of emotions evoked by news-content has been pointed out in recent years (Wahl-Jørgensen, 2020). Researchers have studied emotional aspects of different types of content (e. g. Uribe & Gunter, 2007), polarization (e. g. Marozzo & Bessi, 2017), and affective responses to political messages (Bakker et al., 2021). Lacking is, however, in depth analysis of how emotional reactions to news might interact with quality assessments. Since young citizens differ from older generations in media use (Boczkowski et al., 2018), it is especially important to understand the notion of quality from the perspective of this age group. Here, biometric data offer promising possibilities, since it allows for measuring emotional response as well as eye-movments during exposure to news. At the same time, methodology for journalism scholars is still at a developmental stage. Therefore, in this paper we present the results from a small-sample pilot study, using GSR and eye-tracking in combination with semi-structured interviews with young citizens about quality in news. Our findings are discussed in relation to the usability of this methodological approach and suggestions for further research are presented.

Keywords
Young citizens; quality of news; eye-tracking; GSR
National Category
Media Studies
Research subject
Media Studies and Journalism
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-119918 (URN)
Conference
The 72nd Annual ICA Conference "One World, One Network‽", Paris, 26-30 May, 2022
Projects
Young Citizens and the Quality of News
Available from: 2023-03-22 Created: 2023-03-22 Last updated: 2023-03-27Bibliographically approved
Holt, K., Ezz El Din, M., Wahlberg, M., Nykvist, A. & de la Brosse, R. (2022). Young citizens and the Quality of news. Attention, emotional reactions and quality assessments.. In: Presented to the Broadcast Education Association (BEA) Conference 2022,  Las Vegas, USA, April 23-26. 2nd prize winner in the BEA2022 Interest Division’s Top Paper Competition): . Paper presented at The Broadcast Education Association (BEA) Conference, Las Vegas, USA, April 23-26, 2022.. Las Vegas
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Young citizens and the Quality of news. Attention, emotional reactions and quality assessments.
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2022 (English)In: Presented to the Broadcast Education Association (BEA) Conference 2022,  Las Vegas, USA, April 23-26. 2nd prize winner in the BEA2022 Interest Division’s Top Paper Competition), Las Vegas, 2022Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Las Vegas: , 2022
Keywords
Young citizens, quality news, emotions
National Category
Humanities and the Arts Media Studies
Research subject
Media Studies and Journalism; Media Studies and Journalism, Journalism
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-123852 (URN)
Conference
The Broadcast Education Association (BEA) Conference, Las Vegas, USA, April 23-26, 2022.
Available from: 2023-08-22 Created: 2023-08-22 Last updated: 2023-09-04Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-2017-1117

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