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Gottge, S., Menzel, T. & Forslund, H. (2020). Industry 4.0 technologies in the purchasing process. Industrial management + data systems, 1-19
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Industry 4.0 technologies in the purchasing process
2020 (English)In: Industrial management + data systems, ISSN 0263-5577, E-ISSN 1758-5783, p. 1-19Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Purpose

The aim of the study is to explore the possible practical impact of big data/business intelligence and Internet of Things on the purchasing process of premium automotive manufacturers, and to evaluate its theoretical impact with a transaction cost economics approach.

Design/methodology/approach

An exploratory multiple-case study was carried out, using qualitative content analysis and cross-case synthesis.

Findings

Collaborative platforms and a new purchaser role were found to impact the entire process. In the strategic purchasing 4.0 process, co-creation of specifications, automated prequalification, and parameter-based negotiations are some expected changes. The operative purchasing 4.0 process is shaped by, for example, interactive call-offs. Transaction cost is expected to decrease by reduced uncertainty and supplier specificity, as well as by lowered information search, negotiation, and monitoring costs.

Research limitations/implications

The description of a potential purchasing 4.0 process for premium automotive manufacturers is given.

Practical implications

Premium automotive manufacturers can develop strategies to push the existing standards of purchasing. Suppliers can create scenarios to allow for future compliance at the purchasing–sales interface.

Social implications

New technologies' effects on the workforce are considered.

Originality/value

No identified study focused on the impact of Industry 4.0 technologies on the purchasing process of premium automotive manufacturers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2020
Keywords
Industry 4.0 technologies, Internet of Things, Big data/business intelligence, Purchasing process, Premium automotive manufacturers, Transaction cost economics
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Economy, Business administration; Economy, Ekonomistyrning
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-92477 (URN)10.1108/IMDS-05-2019-0304 (DOI)000515402400001 ()
Available from: 2020-03-02 Created: 2020-03-02 Last updated: 2020-03-12
Björklund, M. & Forslund, H. (2019). Challenges Addressed by Swedish Third-Party Logistics Providers Conducting Sustainable Logistics Business Cases. Sustainability, 11(9), 1-15, Article ID 2654.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Challenges Addressed by Swedish Third-Party Logistics Providers Conducting Sustainable Logistics Business Cases
2019 (English)In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, no 9, p. 1-15, article id 2654Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The sustainable logistics business case (SLBC) provides underlying argumentation to convince decision makers to approve initiatives within sustainablelogistics. Little knowledge exists on how companies conduct SLBCs or the challenges that need to be addressed. The purpose of this paper is to explore how companies conduct SLBCs, to increase the understanding of how perceived challenges can be addressed. Potential challenges were identified in literature on business cases models in general and sustainable logistics business cases. As third-party logistics providers (3PL) are big contributors to emissions and often are responsible for designing logistics setups, they were focused in the empirical study. How SLBC were conducted was investigated based on interviews with managers responsible for conducting SLBCs and the responses triangulated with information derived from actual business cases. Despite the careful selection of 3PLs well ahead within the area, few challenges were perceived by the studied companies. This does not imply that challenges do not exist but can rather be described as a consequence of their pragmatic and inward-looking perspective. Examples of how to address challenges are provided. The compiled list of SLBC challenges provides an overview that was missing in literature.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2019
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Economy, Business administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-85866 (URN)10.3390/su11092654 (DOI)000469518700202 ()2-s2.0-85067006711 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Vinnova, 2014-03363
Available from: 2019-06-25 Created: 2019-06-25 Last updated: 2019-08-29Bibliographically approved
Persdotter Isaksson, M., Hulthén, H. & Forslund, H. (2019). Environmentally Sustainable Logistics Performance Management Process Integration between Buyers and 3PLs. Sustainability, 11(11), 1-19, Article ID 3061.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Environmentally Sustainable Logistics Performance Management Process Integration between Buyers and 3PLs
2019 (English)In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, no 11, p. 1-19, article id 3061Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

To ensure environmentally sustainable logistics, organizations need to have anenvironmentally sustainable logistics performance management (ESLPM) process. In line withsupply chain management (SCM) literature, there is a desire towards integrating processes withsupply chain partners to increase performance. The purpose of this paper is to propose a frameworkfor ESLPM process integration and to illustrate this framework in practice between buyers andthird-party logistics (3PLs) providers. The method used is multiple case studies of three dyads of3PLs and buyers from the public and private sector. Data were collected through 10 semi-structuredinterviews. Our major result is a proposed framework with criteria for the degree of ESLPM processintegration between buyers and 3PLs. It includes six activities: Selecting environmentally sustainablelogistics performance (ESLP) variables, defining ESLP metrics, setting ESLP targets, measuring ESLPmetrics, ESLPM feedback, and analyzing ESLP outcomes and processes. It considers suggestedoperationalization of each activity and the corresponding degree of integration. The framework canprovide guidelines for practitioners in identifying current degree of process integration. It may alsosupport decisions regarding actions needed to advance to a higher degree. This framework is the first toaddress logistics performance management process integration including environmental sustainability

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2019
Keywords
environmental sustainability; performance management process; integration; dyads; multiple case study
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Research subject
Economy, Logistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-84721 (URN)10.3390/su11113061 (DOI)000472632200066 ()2-s2.0-85067236896 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-06-07 Created: 2019-06-07 Last updated: 2019-08-29Bibliographically approved
Forslund, H., Björklund, M., Ülgen, V. & Johansson, H. (2019). Hållbarhetsarbete i logistikförsörjningskedjor – resultat från en enkätstudie. In: Paper presented at Forsknings- och tillämpningskonferensen 2019, Linköping, Sweden, October 23-24, 2019: . Paper presented at Forsknings- och tillämpningskonferensen 2019, Linköping, Sweden, October 23-24, 2019. Logistikföreningen Plan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Hållbarhetsarbete i logistikförsörjningskedjor – resultat från en enkätstudie
2019 (Swedish)In: Paper presented at Forsknings- och tillämpningskonferensen 2019, Linköping, Sweden, October 23-24, 2019, Logistikföreningen Plan , 2019Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Logistikföreningen Plan, 2019
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Economy, Logistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-89934 (URN)
Conference
Forsknings- och tillämpningskonferensen 2019, Linköping, Sweden, October 23-24, 2019
Funder
The Kamprad Family Foundation
Available from: 2019-11-06 Created: 2019-11-06 Last updated: 2019-11-12Bibliographically approved
Ülgen, V., Björklund, M., Simm, N. & Forslund, H. (2019). Inter-organizational supply chain interaction for sustainability: a systematic literature review. Sustainability, 11(19), 1-25, Article ID 5488.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Inter-organizational supply chain interaction for sustainability: a systematic literature review
2019 (English)In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, no 19, p. 1-25, article id 5488Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Research on inter-organizational supply chain interaction (IOSCI) for sustainability can be described as fast-growing and fragmented. It is uncertain to what extent logistics and supply chain management (SCM) literature has been able to close research gaps regarding e.g., empirical scope and sustainability dimensions addressed. A systematic literature review (SLR) is carried out to synthesize the existing knowledge and ongoing trends, and to propose a research agenda. The trend analysis shows that the gap between the environmental and social dimension is increasing, that Asian studies grow nearly exponentially, and that the focal firm perspective gains more ground. The research agenda calls for participatory studies of multiple actors and for studies addressing, e.g., the invisible logistics service providers. This study provides an important complement to existing literature reviews on sustainable supply chain interaction, primarily by its focus on the development over time, the empirical scope, the focus on publications in logistics/SCM journals, and its narrow focus on the interaction among firms in supply chains.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2019
Keywords
Inter-organizational, Collaboration, Co-ordination, Supply chains, Logistics, Systematic literature review
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Economy, Logistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-89933 (URN)10.3390/su11195488 (DOI)000493525500347 ()
Funder
The Kamprad Family Foundation
Available from: 2019-11-06 Created: 2019-11-06 Last updated: 2019-11-21Bibliographically approved
Forslund, H., Jonsson, P. & Mattsson, S.-A. (2019). Supplier flexibility in the order-to-delivery process: an empirical gap analysis. In: Tore Listou (Ed.), Proceedings of the 31st annual Nofoma Conference: . Paper presented at 31st Nofoma Conference, Oslo, Norway, June 12-14, 2019. Nordic Logistics Research Network
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Supplier flexibility in the order-to-delivery process: an empirical gap analysis
2019 (English)In: Proceedings of the 31st annual Nofoma Conference / [ed] Tore Listou, Nordic Logistics Research Network, 2019Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Nordic Logistics Research Network, 2019
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Economy, Business administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-85867 (URN)
Conference
31st Nofoma Conference, Oslo, Norway, June 12-14, 2019
Available from: 2019-06-25 Created: 2019-06-25 Last updated: 2019-09-09Bibliographically approved
Forslund, H., Hedvall, L. & Mattsson, S.-A. (2019). Varför uppstår gap i leverantörsflexibilitet?. In: Paper presented at Forsknings- och tillämpningskonferensen 2019, Linköping, Sweden, October 23-24, 2019: . Paper presented at Forsknings- och tillämpningskonferensen 2019, Linköping, Sweden, October 23-24, 2019. Logistikföreningen Plan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Varför uppstår gap i leverantörsflexibilitet?
2019 (Swedish)In: Paper presented at Forsknings- och tillämpningskonferensen 2019, Linköping, Sweden, October 23-24, 2019, Logistikföreningen Plan , 2019Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Logistikföreningen Plan, 2019
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Economy, Logistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-90031 (URN)
Conference
Forsknings- och tillämpningskonferensen 2019, Linköping, Sweden, October 23-24, 2019
Available from: 2019-11-13 Created: 2019-11-13 Last updated: 2019-11-13Bibliographically approved
Björklund, M., Ülgen, V., Johansson, H., Simm, N. & Forslund, H. (2019). Who is driving towards sustainable transportation?. In: Paper presented at the National conference in transport research, Linköping Sweden, October 22-23, 2019: . Paper presented at National conference in transport research, Linköping Sweden, October 22-23, 2019. Linköping University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Who is driving towards sustainable transportation?
Show others...
2019 (English)In: Paper presented at the National conference in transport research, Linköping Sweden, October 22-23, 2019, Linköping University , 2019Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping University, 2019
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Economy, Logistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-90029 (URN)
Conference
National conference in transport research, Linköping Sweden, October 22-23, 2019
Available from: 2019-11-13 Created: 2019-11-13 Last updated: 2019-11-13Bibliographically approved
Björklund, M. & Forslund, H. (2018). A framework for classifying sustainable logistics innovations. Logistics Research, 11(1), 1-12
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A framework for classifying sustainable logistics innovations
2018 (English)In: Logistics Research, ISSN 1865-035X, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 1-12Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Researchers and practitioners alike need support in the challenges to develop sustainable logistics, and one cannot afford to have a limited view of what constitutes sustainable logistics innovation (SLI). In order to inspire researchers and practitioners to expand their mindset when addressing sustainable logistics, the purpose of this paper is to develop a framework for classifying sustainable logistics innovations, and by classifying some SLIs evaluating the applicability of the framework. The study is based on a literature review within logistics innovation, sustainable innovation, and sustainable logistics innovation, resulting in a framework. It contains three areas: softness, extent of change and scope, which in turn contain nine dimensions. Interviews in three retailers acting in Sweden were conducted. SLIs were illustrated and classified in the framework. By moving outside how research so far has studied SLIs, examples of SLIs in logistics activities other than transport were identified, in forms aside from technological solutions, and in industries outside of logistics service providers. It was found that it was possible to classify SLIs in all dimensions, with some difficulties in extent of change in output, which also shows the applicability of the framework. Using the framework, SLIs can be understood in a more concrete and applicable way, which can inspire practitioners to develop and expand their efforts towards sustainable logistics. Therefore the study has implications for research, practice and society. Several suggestions for future research are presented.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Bremen: BVL, 2018
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Economy, Logistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-70297 (URN)10.23773/2018_1 (DOI)2-s2.0-85046093364 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-01-31 Created: 2018-01-31 Last updated: 2019-08-29Bibliographically approved
Gottge, S., Menzel, T. & Forslund, H. (2018). An expected purchasing 4.0 process for premium automotive manufacturers. In: Jan Stentoft (Ed.), NOFOMA 2018: the 30th NOFOMA conference: “Relevant logistics and supply chain management research”: conference proceedings: . Paper presented at 30th annual NOFOMA conference, Kolding, Denmark, June 13-15. Nordic Logistics Research Network
Open this publication in new window or tab >>An expected purchasing 4.0 process for premium automotive manufacturers
2018 (English)In: NOFOMA 2018: the 30th NOFOMA conference: “Relevant logistics and supply chain management research”: conference proceedings / [ed] Jan Stentoft, Nordic Logistics Research Network, 2018Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Nordic Logistics Research Network, 2018
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-76248 (URN)
Conference
30th annual NOFOMA conference, Kolding, Denmark, June 13-15
Available from: 2018-06-20 Created: 2018-06-20 Last updated: 2019-04-23Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-4255-1516

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