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Nilsson, M. (2018). Building Peace Amidst Violence: An Analysis of Colombia's Policies to Address Security and Development Challenges. Iberoamericana - Nordic Journal of Latin American and Carribbean Studies, 47(1), 34-44
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Building Peace Amidst Violence: An Analysis of Colombia's Policies to Address Security and Development Challenges
2018 (English)In: Iberoamericana - Nordic Journal of Latin American and Carribbean Studies, E-ISSN 2002-4509, Vol. 47, no 1, p. 34-44Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Building peace in societies where levels of violence continue to be high is one of today’s biggest challenges for countries like Colombia that are emerging from decades of protracted social conflict. The article examines how the Colombian state reasons about the challenges of re-establishing security and devel- opment as two core pillars for sustainable peace. It is embedded in the international debates on the security-development nexus within the statebuilding-peacebuilding discourse and based on an in-depth analysis of government policy documents, complemented by field interviews conducted between 2013 and 2017. It evaluates the Colombian government’s perception of the nexus between security and devel- opment as a first step towards understanding how state actor perspectives in post-conflict societies with high levels of violence compare to international peacebuilding perspectives. The findings underline that while Colombia’s national consolidation and reconstruction policies definitely display a belief in the existence of a nexus between security and development, that understanding differs significantly from international peacebuilding perspectives. It places heavy emphasis on a security-first approach that aims at statebuilding and subordinates development concerns to that overall goal, which creates an imbalance that translates as well into actor choices for the peacebuilding policies to be applied locally.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Stockholm University Press, 2018
Keywords
Colombia, peacebuilding, security-development nexus, state-building, violence
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Social Sciences, Peace and Development Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-77579 (URN)10.16993/iberoamericana.411 (DOI)
Available from: 2018-09-05 Created: 2018-09-05 Last updated: 2019-04-10Bibliographically approved
Nilsson, M. (2018). Civil Society Actors in Peace Negotiations in Central America. Journal of Civil Society, 14(2), 135-152
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Civil Society Actors in Peace Negotiations in Central America
2018 (English)In: Journal of Civil Society, ISSN 1744-8689, E-ISSN 1744-8697, Vol. 14, no 2, p. 135-152Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Civil society actors are assumed to play an important part in post-conflict peacebuilding;

therefore, the international community pushes for civil society participation already during

peace negotiations. However, the actual connection between civil society’s participation in

those negotiations and its role in implementation processes remains unclear. Taking the

Central American peace processes of the late 1980s and early 90s as a case study, this

article compares civil society participation in peace negotiations and provisions for civil

society involvement for the implementation phase, with the actual role that the civil society

played in the implementation processes in Nicaragua, Guatemala and El Salvador. The

article

KEYWORDS: civil society, peace making, peacebuilding, Central America, peace process

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Routledge, 2018
Keywords
civil society, Central America, peace negotations
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Social Sciences, Peace and Development Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-75569 (URN)10.1080/17448689.2018.1484004 (DOI)000436535600003 ()
Available from: 2018-06-11 Created: 2018-06-11 Last updated: 2019-01-16Bibliographically approved
Nilsson, M. & Taylor, L. K. (2017). Applying the security-development nexus on the ground: Land restitution in Colombia. Conflict, Security and Development, 17(1), 73-89
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Applying the security-development nexus on the ground: Land restitution in Colombia
2017 (English)In: Conflict, Security and Development, ISSN 1467-8802, E-ISSN 1478-1174, Vol. 17, no 1, p. 73-89Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The general consensus on the security-development nexus is that both are key to achieving sustainable peace in war-torn societies. However, this debate has largely taken place among international actors, with little empirical evidence about how security and development relate to each other or are even considered by local actors. The current paper applies the security-development nexus to the case of land restitution in Colombia. Following decades of internal armed conflict, in 2012 the national government passed sweeping land restitution legislation amid ongoing violence. Through in-depth interviews and focus groups with multiple actors involved in this process, ranging from international organisations to national government units, from regional institutions to local communities, the paper analyses the objectives, impact, challenges and opportunities for land restitution related to security and development. Undermining peace-building, a lack of coherence in the integration of security and development priorities limits the extent to which either supports, or is promoted by, land restitution efforts in Colombia. The paper concludes with reflections on how the security-development nexus may promote peace-building amid ongoing conflict.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Taylor & Francis, 2017
Keywords
security, development, Colombia, land restitution, reparations, peace building
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Social Sciences, Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-60823 (URN)10.1080/14678802.2016.1231844 (DOI)000408629700004 ()
Available from: 2017-02-21 Created: 2017-02-21 Last updated: 2018-05-31Bibliographically approved
Nilsson, M. (2017). Searching for sustainable peace: Challenges and opportunities for cooperation between military and civilian actors in Colombia. In: : . Paper presented at 9th Nordic Latin American Research Network Conference, NOLAN 2017, 15-17 June, 2017, Gothenburg, Sweden.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Searching for sustainable peace: Challenges and opportunities for cooperation between military and civilian actors in Colombia
2017 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Social Sciences, Peace and Development Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-75575 (URN)
Conference
9th Nordic Latin American Research Network Conference, NOLAN 2017, 15-17 June, 2017, Gothenburg, Sweden
Available from: 2018-06-11 Created: 2018-06-11 Last updated: 2018-12-07Bibliographically approved
Nilsson, M. (2016). Implementing the security-development nexus: An analysis of the state level in the example of reconstruction in Colombia. In: : . Paper presented at Swedish Development Research Conference, August 22-24,2016, Stockholm.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Implementing the security-development nexus: An analysis of the state level in the example of reconstruction in Colombia
2016 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Social Sciences, Peace and Development Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-75574 (URN)
Conference
Swedish Development Research Conference, August 22-24,2016, Stockholm
Available from: 2018-06-11 Created: 2018-06-11 Last updated: 2019-02-12Bibliographically approved
Taylor, L., Nilsson, M. & Amezquite-Castro, B. (2016). Reconstructing the social fabric amid ongoing violence: attitudes toward reconciliation and structural transformation in Colombia. Peacebuilding, 4(1), 83-98
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Reconstructing the social fabric amid ongoing violence: attitudes toward reconciliation and structural transformation in Colombia
2016 (English)In: Peacebuilding, ISSN 2164-7259, E-ISSN 2164-7267, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 83-98Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Given the increase of reconciliation processes initiated amid ongoing violence, this study focuses on community reconciliation and its relation to structural transformation, or social reconstruction through reforming unjust institutions and practices that facilitate protracted violent conflict. Drawing lessons from the Caribbean coast of Colombia, mixed-methods analyses include 8 in-depth interviews and 184 surveys. Four key dimensions of reconciliation – truth, justice, mercy and peace – are examined. In the interviews, participants prioritise reconstructing the truth and bringing perpetrators to justice as essential aspects of reconciliation. Notions of mercy and forgiveness are less apparent. For the participants, sustainable peace is dependent on structural transformation to improve livelihoods. These data, however, do not indicate how this understanding of reconciliation may relate to individual participation in reconciliation processes. Complementing the qualitative data, quantitative analyses identify some broad patterns that relate to participation in reconciliation events. Compared to those who did not participate, individuals who engaged in reconciliation initiatives report higher levels of personal experience with violence, live alongside demobilised paramilitaries, are more engaged in civic life and express greater preference for structural transformation. The paper concludes with policy implications that integrate reconciliation and structural transformation to deepen efforts to rebuild the social fabric amid violence.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2016
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Social Sciences, Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-51501 (URN)10.1080/21647259.2015.1094909 (DOI)000382764200008 ()
Available from: 2016-03-29 Created: 2016-03-29 Last updated: 2018-04-13Bibliographically approved
Nilsson, M. (2016). Restituting Land in the midst of Violence: A Case Study of Colombia. In: ISA's 57th Annual Convention: Exploring Peace. Paper presented at Presented at the ISA's 57th Annual Convention: Exploring Peace, Atlanta, March 16-19, 2016..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Restituting Land in the midst of Violence: A Case Study of Colombia
2016 (English)In: ISA's 57th Annual Convention: Exploring Peace, 2016Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
Keywords
conflict, peace, Colombia, land restitution
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Social Sciences, Peace and Development Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-81858 (URN)
Conference
Presented at the ISA's 57th Annual Convention: Exploring Peace, Atlanta, March 16-19, 2016.
Available from: 2019-04-11 Created: 2019-04-11 Last updated: 2019-04-24Bibliographically approved
Nilsson, M. (2015). Friedensverhandlungen [Peace Negotiations]. Wissenschaft und Frieden (3), 6-9
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Friedensverhandlungen [Peace Negotiations]
2015 (German)In: Wissenschaft und Frieden, ISSN 0947-3971, no 3, p. 6-9Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [de]

Friedensverhandlungen, also Dialoge zwischen Akteuren als Alternative zur fortgesetzten gewaltsamen Lösung ihrer Probleme miteinander, kommen als Konfliktlösungsmechanismus immer häufiger zum Einsatz. Im 19. und noch bis ins späte 20. Jahrhundert endeten bewaffnete Auseinandersetzungen überwiegend mit dem Sieg einer Seite, nur 15-20% durch Friedensverhandlungen. Seit dem Ende des Kalten Krieges wurden aber schon mehr als 50% aller Bürgerkriege, die häufigste Form gewaltsamer Konflikte, am Verhandlungstisch beendet (Bell 2006), und Zweidrittel dieser Verhandlungen führten auch wirklich zum Frieden (Joshi und Quinn 2015). Die Forschung und vor allem Praxis der Friedensverhandlungen haben aber noch einen langen Weg vor sich, denn bisher bringen Friedensverhandlungen im Vergleich immer noch einen weniger haltbaren Frieden als militärische Siege (DeRouen et al. 2010). Der längerfristige Trend berechtigt aber zur Hoffnung, dass Verhandlungen in Zukunft eine immer größere Rolle spielen werden.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Darmstadt, Germany: , 2015
Keywords
peace negotiations, Friedensverhandlungen
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Social Sciences, Peace and Development Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-46604 (URN)
Available from: 2015-10-02 Created: 2015-10-02 Last updated: 2018-01-11Bibliographically approved
Nilsson, M. (2015). Peacebuilding And Local Ownership: Who Owned the Reconciliation Process in Nicaragua?. In: ISA's 56th Annual Convention: Global IR and Regional Worlds. Paper presented at Presented at ISA's 56th Annual Convention: Global IR and Regional Worlds, New Orleans, February 18-21, 2015..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Peacebuilding And Local Ownership: Who Owned the Reconciliation Process in Nicaragua?
2015 (English)In: ISA's 56th Annual Convention: Global IR and Regional Worlds, 2015Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Social Sciences, Peace and Development Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-81857 (URN)
Conference
Presented at ISA's 56th Annual Convention: Global IR and Regional Worlds, New Orleans, February 18-21, 2015.
Available from: 2019-04-11 Created: 2019-04-11 Last updated: 2019-04-24Bibliographically approved
Nilsson, M. (2015). Peacebuilding and local ownership: Who owned the reconciliation process in post-conflict Nicaragua? (1ed.). In: Sung Yong Lee, Alpaslan Özerdem (Ed.), Local Ownership in International Peacebuilding: Key theoretical and practical issues (pp. 116-134). London: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Peacebuilding and local ownership: Who owned the reconciliation process in post-conflict Nicaragua?
2015 (English)In: Local Ownership in International Peacebuilding: Key theoretical and practical issues / [ed] Sung Yong Lee, Alpaslan Özerdem, London: Routledge, 2015, 1, p. 116-134Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Routledge, 2015 Edition: 1
Series
Conflict, Development and Peacebuilding
Keywords
peacebuilding, local ownership, Nicaragua, reconciliation
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Social Sciences, Peace and Development Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-43315 (URN)2-s2.0-84942257704 (Scopus ID)978-1-138-78754-4 (ISBN)
Available from: 2015-05-21 Created: 2015-05-21 Last updated: 2016-07-22Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-5272-9301

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