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BETA
Fahlström, Per GöranORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-1976-409X
Publications (10 of 71) Show all publications
Fahlström, P. G. & Linnér, S. (2017). De bästa idrottscoacherna är bra pedagoger. Idrottsforskning (14 nov).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>De bästa idrottscoacherna är bra pedagoger
2017 (Swedish)In: Idrottsforskning, no 14 novArticle in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [sv]

Forskningen inom coaching har i stor utsträckning haft sin teoretiska grund inom psykologin men våra resultat visar på behovet av att framhålla de pedagogiska dimensionerna, även i elitcoachens roll.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Centrum för idrottsforskning, 2017
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Social Sciences, Sport Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-48288 (URN)
Available from: 2015-12-10 Created: 2015-12-10 Last updated: 2017-11-24Bibliographically approved
Fahlström, P. G., Glemne, M. & Linnér, S. (2016). Goda idrottsliga utvecklingsmiljöer: En studie av miljöer som är framgångsrika i att utveckla elitidrottare. Stockholm: Riksidrottsförbundet.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Goda idrottsliga utvecklingsmiljöer: En studie av miljöer som är framgångsrika i att utveckla elitidrottare
2016 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Riksidrottsförbundet, 2016. p. 77
Series
Riksidrottsförbundet FoU-rapport ; 2016:6
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Social Sciences, Sport Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-61830 (URN)978-91-87385-17-9 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-03-27 Created: 2017-03-27 Last updated: 2017-04-03Bibliographically approved
Fahlström, P. G. & Glemne, M. (2016). Idrottens tränarutbildningar – kartläggning och analys.: Huvudrapport. Växjö.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Idrottens tränarutbildningar – kartläggning och analys.: Huvudrapport
2016 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Växjö: , 2016. p. 96
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Social Sciences, Sport Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-61829 (URN)
Note

Ej belagd 20170403

Available from: 2017-03-27 Created: 2017-03-27 Last updated: 2017-04-03Bibliographically approved
Fahlström, P. G., Gerrevall, P., Linnér, S. & Schenker, K. (2015). Att utveckla barns och ungdomars delaktighet och inflytande inom idrotten. In: Josef Fahlén och Staffan Karp (Ed.), Idéer för idrottsutveckling: (pp. 25-44). Stockholm: SISU Idrottsböcker.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Att utveckla barns och ungdomars delaktighet och inflytande inom idrotten
2015 (Swedish)In: Idéer för idrottsutveckling / [ed] Josef Fahlén och Staffan Karp, Stockholm: SISU Idrottsböcker , 2015, p. 25-44Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: SISU Idrottsböcker, 2015
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Social Sciences, Sport Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-48284 (URN)978-91-87745-59-1 (ISBN)
Available from: 2015-12-10 Created: 2015-12-10 Last updated: 2016-08-19Bibliographically approved
Fahlström, P. G., Glemne, M., Hageskog, C.-A. & Linnér, S. (2015). Coaches’ Job Situation in Swedish Athletics. In: : . Paper presented at International Council for Coaching Excellence (ICCE) Global Coach Conference, Vierumäki, Finland, 23-25 Aug 2015. .
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Coaches’ Job Situation in Swedish Athletics
2015 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Sport Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-48289 (URN)
Conference
International Council for Coaching Excellence (ICCE) Global Coach Conference, Vierumäki, Finland, 23-25 Aug 2015
Available from: 2015-12-10 Created: 2015-12-10 Last updated: 2016-08-19Bibliographically approved
Skirstad, B., Gammelsæter, H., Fahlström, P. G. & Ulrik, W. (2015). Comparison of sport management education programs and research in Scandinavia.. In: : . Paper presented at 23rd EASM Conference - European Association for Sport Management Conference, Dublin, 9-12 September 2015. .
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Comparison of sport management education programs and research in Scandinavia.
2015 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Synopsis:The development of sport management in Scandinavia is described andcompared through three case studies. The theory of translation which is a newinstitutionalismapproach focuses upon institutional change withinorganizations, and Campbell (2004, p.28) identifies two underlyingmechanisms for institutional change, ‘bricolage’ and ‘transition’. The findingsreveal translation from international sport management education programsand research on the one hand by adopting a mimetic approach howeverbricolaging is used for creating new studies in combinations with what alreadyexists for instance sociology of sport or physical education programs. Thetransformation from amateur to professional sport is special for Scandinaviancountries, and is looked upon as fore-runners for the establishment of studiesin sport management. Despite increased professionalization andcommercialization, the co-existing system with volunteers may have sloweddown development of sports management as an academic field in Scandinavia.

Abstract:

AIM: The Scandinavian countries Denmark, Norway and Sweden share alegacy of a common sport tradition called the Scandinavian Sport Model(Anderson & Carlsson, 2009; Peterson, 2008), where two thirds of the sportclubs are run by volunteers (Ibsen & Seippel, 2010; Hellman, 2014). DespiteScandinavian similarities and common legacy from a social democratic welfarestate, differences occur in how sport historically is organized on federal level(Ibsen, 2002), how international anti-doping policy is implemented (Wagner &Hanstad, 2011) and how elite sports are run (Andersen & Rognlan, 2012;Gammelsæter, Storm & Söderman, 2009). The Norwegian model is the mostcentralized one and lacks parliament control (Bergsgard, 2002). This back-dropinformation is important for understanding how sport management educationprograms have developed in Scandinavia, and so far no studies are publishedabout it. Therefore we want to fill that gap. The aim of this paper is to answer the questions: How and why has the sport management as education andresearch discipline developed differently in the Scandinavian countries?

THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK: Early neo-institutional contributions emphasizehow organizations within an organizational field increasingly resemble eachother in behavior and structure due to pressure (DiMaggio & Powell, 1991;Meyer & Rowan, 1991). We can argue that sport management as a field hasgradually been institutionalized on a global scale. However, the idea ofinstitutional isomorphism can also be challenged by emphasizingorganizational agency once we try to explain the heterogeneous developmentin Scandinavia: The theory of translation which is a new-institutionalismapproach focuses upon institutional change within organizations, and Campbell(2004, p.28) identifies two underlying mechanisms for institutional change,‘bricolage’ and ‘transition’. By bricolage is meant the recombination of existinginstitutional elements within a field or an organization. The concept oftranslation is used to highlight the dynamic travel and transformation of ideas.International trends will affect this development through transition. It is addingto our knowledge about how ‘global’ ideas become ‘local’ (Czarniawska & Sevón,2005). This framework enables us to outline how an international emergingfield such a sport management interacts with and has impact upon a localcultural context and tradition.

METHODOLOGY AND RESEARCH DESIGN: Three comparative case studiesshow how the sport management education programs and research havedeveloped. Knowledge derived from: 1) four researchers’ personal experienceas entrepreneurs of such studies and research programs, 2) brief informalinterviews/contacts other entrepreneurs of such programs and 3) archivestudies. Altogether 13 interviews were made (6 in Norway, 3 in Denmark and 4in Sweden). The sample technique of snowballing was used until saturationwas reached about sport management studies in Scandinavia. The fourauthors conducted the analysis first separately and then collectively in order toincrease the credibility because of representing different countries.

RESULTS, DISCUSSION AND IMPLICATIONS: The transformation fromamateur to professional sport is special for Scandinavian countries, and islooked upon as fore-runners for the establishment of studies in sportmanagement. As Peterson (2008) points out, the market is not the only actorpaying for sport in Scandinavia, because this transformation has mainly takenplace by public support and funding. Focus is on time-lines for the first sportmanagement programs, the profile of the different institutions as well as theresearch generated from these milieus and their international involvement arecompared. Scandinavian sport traditions are rooted in popular and voluntarymovements, and it is obvious that unless salaried jobs emerged in the sportsector there would be no demand for higher education in sport management.One antecedent was lifting of the amateur rules which defined Scandinaviansport until the late 1960s (Peterson, 2008). The findings reveal translation frominternational sport management education programs and research on the onehand by adopting a mimetic approach however bricolaging is used for creatingnew studies in combinations with what already exists for instance sociology ofsport or physical education programs. Norway is the first country to adopt sportmanagement in the 1980s, while the discipline emerges as late as the last partof the 2000s in Denmark. None of the main business schools in Scandinaviahave taken up sport management as part of their portfolio contrary to trends inother parts of the world. Despite increased professionalization and commercialization, the co-existing system with volunteers may have sloweddown development of sports management as an academic field in Scandinavia.Future studies should highlight how the translation works today so providers ofsport management can make use of how ideas transform.

References:Campbell, J.L. (2004). Institutional Change and Globalization. Princeton, NJ:Princeton University Press.Czarniawska, B. & Sevón, G. (2005). Global Ideas: How Ideas, Objects andPractices Travel in a Global Economy, Malmö: Liber & Copenhagen BusinessSchool Press. DiMaggio, P. & Powell, W.W. (1991) ‘The Iron Cage Revisited: InstitutionalIsomorphism and Collective Rationality’, in W.W. Powell and P. DiMaggio (eds)The New Institutionalism in Organizational Analysis, pp. 63–82. Chicago, IL: TheUniversity of Chicago Press. Ibsen, B. & Seippel, Ø. (2010) Voluntary organized sport in Denmark andNorway, Sport in Society: Cultures, Commerce, Media, Politics, 13:4, 593-608,DOI:10.1080/17430431003616266 .Meyer, J.W. & Rowan, B. (1991) ‘Institutionalized Organisations: FormalStructure as Myth and Ceremony’, in W.W. Powell and P. DiMaggio (eds) TheNew Institutionalism in Organizational Analysis, pp. 41–62. Chicago, IL: TheUniversity of Chicago Press.

National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Sport Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-48294 (URN)
Conference
23rd EASM Conference - European Association for Sport Management Conference, Dublin, 9-12 September 2015
Available from: 2015-12-10 Created: 2015-12-10 Last updated: 2016-04-27Bibliographically approved
Skirstad, B., Gammelsæter, H., Fahlström, P. G. & Ulrik, W. (2015). How and Why has Sport Management Education Developed Differently in the Scandinavian Countries?. In: : . Paper presented at 21st SMAANZ conference - Sport Management Association of Australia and New Zealand Conference, Hobart, Nov 25-27, 2015. .
Open this publication in new window or tab >>How and Why has Sport Management Education Developed Differently in the Scandinavian Countries?
2015 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Sport Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-48299 (URN)
Conference
21st SMAANZ conference - Sport Management Association of Australia and New Zealand Conference, Hobart, Nov 25-27, 2015
Available from: 2015-12-10 Created: 2015-12-10 Last updated: 2016-04-27Bibliographically approved
Linnér, S., Fahlström, P. G., Gerrevall, P. & Glemne, M. (2015). I föräldrars spår för framtids segrar. Svensk Idrottsforskning: Organ för Centrum för Idrottsforskning (4), 12-15.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>I föräldrars spår för framtids segrar
2015 (Swedish)In: Svensk Idrottsforskning: Organ för Centrum för Idrottsforskning, ISSN 1103-4629, no 4, p. 12-15Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [sv]

Talang och hård träning är sällan tillräckligt för att lyckas. En klarmajoritet av dagens landslagsidrottare är uppväxta i en villa medtvå svenskfödda föräldrar med god ekonomi och akademisk utbildning.Och föräldrarna har många gånger själva varit framgångsrikai samma sport.

National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Social Sciences, Sport Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-48287 (URN)
Available from: 2015-12-10 Created: 2015-12-10 Last updated: 2017-12-01Bibliographically approved
Fahlström, P. G., Gerrevall, P., Glemne, M. & Linnér, S. (2015). Många vägar till landslaget. Svensk Idrottsforskning: Organ för Centrum för Idrottsforskning (3), 30-33.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Många vägar till landslaget
2015 (Swedish)In: Svensk Idrottsforskning: Organ för Centrum för Idrottsforskning, ISSN 1103-4629, no 3, p. 30-33Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [sv]

En typisk svensk landslagsidrottare har sysslat med många idrottersom barn. Först i gymnasieåldern väljer han eller hon att specialiserasig och elitsatsa. Men det finns många fler vägar till framgång. För attta hand om alla talanger behöver idrottsrörelsen hitta fler sätt attguida dem på.

National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Sport Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-48286 (URN)
Available from: 2015-12-10 Created: 2015-12-10 Last updated: 2017-12-01Bibliographically approved
Stråhlman, O., Patriksson, G. & Fahlström, P. G. (2015). Post retirement experiences of former Swedish elite athletes. In: Sport, Unity & Conflict : 12th European Association for Sociology of Sport Conference: Book of Abstracts. Paper presented at 12th European Association for the Sociology of Sport Conference, Dublin, 2015.. .
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Post retirement experiences of former Swedish elite athletes
2015 (English)In: Sport, Unity & Conflict : 12th European Association for Sociology of Sport Conference: Book of Abstracts, 2015Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Introduction Previous studies have shown that successful sport careers are often based upon the notion that athletes are living a life in harmony and that positive adjustment to retirement is dependent on the athletes coping strategies and adjustment skills. The aims of this study are to describe; (1) the perceptions and experiences of the road through the elite sports career, (2) experiences of the transition from elite sport to a post retirement life.

Method 36 athletes were interviewed (26 men -10 women) all with experience of top-level sport on international basis. One third of the group had finished their career before or during the 1990s and the others in the 2000s. The questions to the respondents where formulated to grasp the essence of the their experiences.

Results The career ended for many of the respondents as a conscious planned decision. The decision to end the sport career was often a combination of reasons. The transition from elite sport went for the majority smoothly and the respondents enjoyed their retirement lives, although a small portion of them experienced problems as a result of their career ending. Sport still played a central role and sport related properties were important for the respondents. No one regretted their elite sports career but they underlined the importance to prepare for the post retirement life. The majority of the respondents found new jobs, and they were satisfied with their lives.

Discussion It is important to focus on career support, especially for those with problematic adjustment. Unproblematic voluntary adjustment is often linked to the possibility to prepare in advance for retirement. Since no one reported having severe injuries that predominantly affected their post retirement life, they could put their new ambitions in other areas. Sport organisations, public authorities and individuals are all responsible for the athlete’s retirement.

National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Sport Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-48290 (URN)
Conference
12th European Association for the Sociology of Sport Conference, Dublin, 2015.
Available from: 2015-12-10 Created: 2015-12-10 Last updated: 2016-04-27Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-1976-409X

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