lnu.sePublications
Change search
Link to record
Permanent link

Direct link
BETA
Legrand, Catherine, ProfessorORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-7155-3604
Publications (10 of 113) Show all publications
Majaneva, S., Fridolfsson, E., Casini, M., Legrand, C., Lindehoff, E., Margonski, P., . . . Hylander, S. (2020). Deficiency syndromes in top predators associated with large-scale changes in the Baltic Sea ecosystem. PLoS ONE, 15(1), Article ID e0227714.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Deficiency syndromes in top predators associated with large-scale changes in the Baltic Sea ecosystem
Show others...
2020 (English)In: PLoS ONE, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 15, no 1, article id e0227714Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Vitamin B1 (thiamin) deficiency is an issue periodically affecting a wide range of taxa worldwide. In aquatic pelagic systems, thiamin is mainly produced by bacteria and phytoplankton and is transferred to fish and birds via zooplankton, but there is no general consensus on when or why this transfer is disrupted. We focus on the occurrence in salmon (Salmo salar) of a thiamin deficiency syndrome (M74), the incidence of which is highly correlated among populations derived from different spawning rivers. Here, we show that M74 in salmon is associated with certain large-scale abiotic changes in the main common feeding area of salmon in the southern Baltic Sea. Years with high M74 incidence were characterized by stagnant periods with relatively low salinity and phosphate and silicate concentrations but high total nitrogen. Consequently, there were major changes in phytoplankton and zooplankton, with, e.g., increased abundances of Cryptophyceae, Dinophyceae, Diatomophyceae and Euglenophyceae and Acartia spp. during high M74 incidence years. The prey fish communities also had increased stocks of both herring and sprat in these years. Overall, this suggests important changes in the entire food web structure and nutritional pathways in the common feeding period during high M74 incidence years. Previous research has emphasized the importance of the abundance of planktivorous fish for the occurrence of M74. By using this 27-year time series, we expand this analysis to the entire ecosystem and discuss potential mechanisms inducing thiamin deficiency in salmon.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Public Library of Science, 2020
National Category
Ecology
Research subject
Ecology, Aquatic Ecology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-91079 (URN)10.1371/journal.pone.0227714 (DOI)
Available from: 2020-01-21 Created: 2020-01-21 Last updated: 2020-01-31Bibliographically approved
Wells, M. L., Karlson, B., Wulff, A., Kudela, R., Trick, C., Asnaghi, V., . . . Trainer, V. L. (2020). Future HAB science: Directions and challenges in a changing climate. Harmful Algae, 91, 1-18, Article ID 101632.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Future HAB science: Directions and challenges in a changing climate
Show others...
2020 (English)In: Harmful Algae, ISSN 1568-9883, E-ISSN 1878-1470, Vol. 91, p. 1-18, article id 101632Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

There is increasing concern that accelerating environmental change attributed to human-induced warming of the planet may substantially alter the patterns, distribution and intensity of Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs). Changes in temperature, ocean acidification, precipitation, nutrient stress or availability, and the physical structure of the water column all influence the productivity, composition, and global range of phytoplankton assemblages, but large uncertainty remains about how integration of these climate drivers might shape future HABs. Presented here are the collective deliberations from a symposium on HABs and climate change where the research challenges to understanding potential linkages between HABs and climate were considered, along with new research directions to better define these linkages. In addition to the likely effects of physical (temperature, salinity, stratification, light, changing storm intensity), chemical (nutrients, ocean acidification), and biological (grazer) drivers on microalgae (senso lato), symposium participants explored more broadly the subjects of cyanobacterial HABs, benthic HABs, HAB effects on fisheries, HAB modelling challenges, and the contributions that molecular approaches can bring to HAB studies. There was consensus that alongside traditional research, HAB scientists must set new courses of research and practices to deliver the conceptual and quantitative advances required to forecast future HAB trends. These different practices encompass laboratory and field studies, long-term observational programs, retrospectives, as well as the study of socioeconomic drivers and linkages with aqua culture and fisheries. In anticipation of growing HAB problems, research on potential mitigation strategies should be a priority. It is recommended that a substantial portion of HAB research among laboratories be directed collectively at a small sub-set of HAB species and questions in order to fast-track advances in our understanding. Climate-driven changes in coastal oceanographic and ecological systems are becoming substantial, in some cases exacerbated by localized human activities. That, combined with the slow pace of decreasing global carbon emissions, signals the urgency for HAB scientists to accelerate efforts across disciplines to provide society with the necessary insights regarding future HAB trends.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2020
Keywords
Climate change, HAS, Multi-stressor, Temperature, Stratification, Ocean acidification, Nutrients, Benthic, Cyanobacteria, Grazing, Fisheries, Aquaculture, Modeling, Experimental strategies, New tools, Observatories
National Category
Ecology
Research subject
Ecology, Aquatic Ecology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-93140 (URN)10.1016/j.hal.2019.101632 (DOI)000518705600012 ()32057342 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2020-03-26 Created: 2020-03-26 Last updated: 2020-03-26Bibliographically approved
Fridolfsson, E., Lindehoff, E., Legrand, C. & Hylander, S. (2020). Species-specific content of thiamin (vitamin B1) in phytoplankton and the transfer to copepods. Journal of Plankton Research
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Species-specific content of thiamin (vitamin B1) in phytoplankton and the transfer to copepods
2020 (English)In: Journal of Plankton Research, ISSN 0142-7873, E-ISSN 1464-3774Article in journal (Refereed) Accepted
National Category
Ecology
Research subject
Ecology, Aquatic Ecology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-93022 (URN)
Available from: 2020-03-20 Created: 2020-03-20 Last updated: 2020-03-23
Mattsson, L., Lindehoff, E., Olofsson, M. & Legrand, C. (2019). Boosting algal lipids: Diurnal shifts in temperature exceed the effects of nitrogen limitation. Engineering Reports, 1(5), 1-13, Article ID e12067.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Boosting algal lipids: Diurnal shifts in temperature exceed the effects of nitrogen limitation
2019 (English)In: Engineering Reports, E-ISSN 2577-8196, Vol. 1, no 5, p. 1-13, article id e12067Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Algal lipids have been observed to increase during autumn conditions (low light, low mean temperature, and diurnal shift in temperature), in large‐scale outdoor photobioreactors. In this paper, we tested the effect of diurnal shifts in temperature (DS) and nitrogen (N) limitation on algal BODIPY lipid fluorescence cell−1 (BPF). We show that DS increased BPF in algal biomass up to 28% more compared with N limitation, the standard stressor to boost neutral lipids (NL) in commercial production. Biomass yield was constant, regardless the DS range (6°C‐12°C). A combination of both stressors had an additive effect on algal BPF. A polyculture from an outdoor photobioreactor was cultivated under controlled conditions at different regimes of light, temperature, and N limitation. DSs were mimicking autumn conditions with a difference of 6°C, 10°C, and 12°C between day and night. Biomass and BPF were monitored over one to two weeks, and NLs were stained with a fluorescent marker (BODIPY) and detected with flow cytometry. Results indicate that, during autumn conditions, daily heating and cooling processes in contrast to N limitation do not challenge the trade‐off between biomass production and BPF. During seasons when day temperature is still relatively high, DSs are rapid BPF boosting stressors, while N limitation could be applied to boost BPF further during other seasons.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2019
National Category
Biological Sciences
Research subject
Ecology, Aquatic Ecology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-91463 (URN)10.1002/eng2.12067 (DOI)
Available from: 2020-01-31 Created: 2020-01-31 Last updated: 2020-01-31Bibliographically approved
Sörenson, E., Bertos-Fortis, M., Farnelid, H., Kremp, A., Kruget, K., Lindehoff, E. & Legrand, C. (2019). Consistency in microbiomes in cultures of Alexandrium species isolated from brackish and marine waters. Environmental Microbiology Reports, 11(3), 425-433
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Consistency in microbiomes in cultures of Alexandrium species isolated from brackish and marine waters
Show others...
2019 (English)In: Environmental Microbiology Reports, ISSN 1758-2229, E-ISSN 1758-2229, Vol. 11, no 3, p. 425-433Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Phytoplankton and bacteria interactions have a significant role in aquatic ecosystem functioning. Associations can range from mutualistic to parasitic, shaping biogeochemical cycles and having a direct influence on phytoplankton growth. How variations in phenotype and sampling location, affect the phytoplankton microbiome is largely unknown. A high‐resolution characterization of the bacterial community in cultures of the dinoflagellate Alexandrium was performed on strains isolated from different geographical locations and at varying anthropogenic impact levels. Microbiomes of Baltic Sea Alexandrium ostenfeldii isolates were dominated by Betaproteobacteria and were consistent over phenotypic and genotypic Alexandrium strain variation, resulting in identification of an A. ostenfeldii core microbiome. Comparisons with in situ bacterial communities showed that taxa found in this A. ostenfeldii core were specifically associated to dinoflagellate dynamics in the Baltic Sea. Microbiomes of Alexandrium tamarense and minutum, isolated from the Mediterranean Sea, differed from those of A. ostenfeldii in bacterial diversity and composition but displayed high consistency, and a core set of bacterial taxa was identified. This indicates that Alexandrium isolates with diverse phenotypes host predictable, species‐specific, core microbiomes reflecting the abiotic conditions from which they were isolated. These findings enable in‐depth studies of potential interactions occurring between Alexandrium and specific bacterial taxa.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell, 2019
Keywords
Algae, Bacteria, Interactions, Microbiome, Baltic Sea, Alexandrium, Alger, Bakterier, Interaktioner, Microbiom, Östersjön, Alexandrium
National Category
Ecology Microbiology
Research subject
Ecology, Microbiology; Ecology, Aquatic Ecology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-81534 (URN)10.1111/1758-2229.12736 (DOI)000468000600014 ()30672139 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85062772299 (Scopus ID)
Projects
EcoChange
Funder
Swedish Research Council FormasEU, European Research Council, 659453EU, Horizon 2020, 659453Carl Tryggers foundation , 14:283
Available from: 2019-04-01 Created: 2019-04-01 Last updated: 2019-08-29Bibliographically approved
Johansson, E., Legrand, C., Bjorneras, C., Godhe, A., Mazur-Marzec, H., Säll, T. & Rengefors, K. (2019). High Diversity of Microcystin Chemotypes within a Summer Bloom of the Cyanobacterium Microcystis botrys. Toxins, 11(12), 1-16, Article ID 698.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>High Diversity of Microcystin Chemotypes within a Summer Bloom of the Cyanobacterium Microcystis botrys
Show others...
2019 (English)In: Toxins, ISSN 2072-6651, E-ISSN 2072-6651, Vol. 11, no 12, p. 1-16, article id 698Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The fresh-water cyanobacterium Microcystis is known to form blooms world-wide, and is often responsible for the production of microcystins found in lake water. Microcystins are non-ribosomal peptides with toxic effects, e.g. on vertebrates, but their function remains largely unresolved. Moreover, not all strains produce microcystins, and many different microcystin variants have been described. Here we explored the diversity of microcystin variants within Microcystis botrys, a common bloom-former in Sweden. We isolated a total of 130 strains through the duration of a bloom in eutrophic Lake Vomb, and analyzed their microcystin profiles with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). We found that microcystin producing (28.5%) and non-producing (71.5%) M. botrys strains, co-existed throughout the bloom. However, microcystin producing strains were more prevalent towards the end of the sampling period. Overall, 26 unique M. botrys chemotypes were identified, and while some chemotypes re-occurred, others were found only once. The M. botrys chemotypes showed considerable variation both in terms of number of microcystin variants, as well as in what combinations the variants occurred. To our knowledge, this is the first report on microcystin chemotype variation and dynamics in M. botrys. In addition, our study verifies the co-existence of microcystin and non-microcystin producing strains, and we propose that environmental conditions may be implicated in determining their composition.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2019
Keywords
microcystin, Microcystis botrys, chemotypes, cyanobacteria, diversity
National Category
Biological Sciences
Research subject
Ecology, Aquatic Ecology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-91806 (URN)10.3390/toxins11120698 (DOI)000507337800021 ()31805656 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2020-02-04 Created: 2020-02-04 Last updated: 2020-02-04Bibliographically approved
Bunse, C., Israelsson, S., Baltar, F., Bertos-Fortis, M., Fridolfsson, E., Legrand, C., . . . Pinhassi, J. (2019). High Frequency Multi-Year Variability in Baltic Sea Microbial Plankton Stocks and Activities. Frontiers in Microbiology, 9, Article ID 3296.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>High Frequency Multi-Year Variability in Baltic Sea Microbial Plankton Stocks and Activities
Show others...
2019 (English)In: Frontiers in Microbiology, ISSN 1664-302X, E-ISSN 1664-302X, Vol. 9, article id 3296Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Marine bacterioplankton are essential in global nutrient cycling and organic matter turnover. Time-series analyses, often at monthly sampling frequencies, have established the paramount role of abiotic and biotic variables in structuring bacterioplankton communities and productivities. However, fine-scale seasonal microbial activities, and underlying biological principles, are not fully understood. We report results from four consecutive years of high-frequency time-series sampling in the Baltic Proper. Pronounced temporal dynamics in most investigated microbial variables were observed, including bacterial heterotrophic production, plankton biomass, extracellular enzyme activities, substrate uptake rate constants of glucose, pyruvate, acetate, amino acids, and leucine, as well as nutrient limitation bioassays. Spring blooms consisting of diatoms and dinoflagellates were followed by elevated bacterial heterotrophic production and abundances. During summer, bacterial productivity estimates increased even further, coinciding with an initial cyanobacterial bloom in early July. However, bacterial abundances only increased following a second cyanobacterial bloom, peaking in August. Uptake rate constants for the different measured carbon compounds varied seasonally and inter-annually and were highly correlated to bacterial productivity estimates, temperature, and cyanobacterial abundances. Further, we detected nutrient limitation in response to environmental conditions in a multitude of microbial variables, such as elevated productivities in nutrient bioassays, changes in enzymatic activities, or substrate preferences. Variations among biotic variables often occurred on time scales of days to a few weeks, yet often spanning several sampling occasions. Such dynamics might not have been captured by sampling at monthly intervals, as compared to more predictable transitions in abiotic variables such as temperature or nutrient concentrations. Our study indicates that high resolution analyses of microbial biomass and productivity parameters can help out in the development of biogeochemical and food web models disentangling the microbial black box.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Frontiers Media S.A., 2019
Keywords
marine bacteria, phytoplankton, cyanobacteria, production, substrate uptake, enzyme activity, biogeochemistry
National Category
Microbiology Ecology
Research subject
Ecology, Microbiology; Ecology, Microbiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-80150 (URN)10.3389/fmicb.2018.03296 (DOI)000455948100001 ()2-s2.0-85064405301 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-02-05 Created: 2019-02-05 Last updated: 2019-08-29Bibliographically approved
Olofsson, M., Lindehoff, E. & Legrand, C. (2019). Production stability and biomass quality in microalgal cultivation: contribution of community dynamics. Engineering in Life Sciences, 19(5), 330-340
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Production stability and biomass quality in microalgal cultivation: contribution of community dynamics
2019 (English)In: Engineering in Life Sciences, ISSN 1618-0240, E-ISSN 1618-2863, Vol. 19, no 5, p. 330-340Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The prospect of using constructed communities of microalgae in algal cultivation wasconfirmed in this study. Three constructed communities of diatoms (Diatom), greenalgae (Green) and cyanobacteria (Cyano), were each mixed with a natural communityof microalgae as baseline. The communities were cultivated in batch and semicontinuousmode and fed CO2 or cement flue gas (12-15 % CO2). Diatom had thehighest growth rate but Green had the highest yield. Dynamic changes in thecommunity composition occurred from start through batch to semi-steady state. Greenalgae were the most competitive group during the experiment. Euglenoids wererecruited from scarce species in the natural community and became a large part of thebiomass in semi-steady state in all communities. High temporal and yield stabilitywas demonstrated in all communities during semi-steady state. Biochemicalcomposition (lipids, proteins and carbohydrates) was similar for the threecommunities with lipids ranging 14-26 % of dry weight (DW), proteins (15-28 %DW) and carbohydrates (9-23 % DW). Filamentous cyanobacteria were outcompetedearly in the experiment. However, their minute presence in Cyano associated withhigher lipid and lower carbohydrates compared to Diatom and Green, suggesting theimportance of chemical interactions among microorganisms. Our results indicate thatculture functions (stability, biomass quality) were maintained while dynamic changesoccurred in community composition. We propose that a multi-species communityapproach can aid sustainability in microalgal cultivation, through complementary useof resources and higher culture stability. Local environmental conditions,complementary microalgal traits, and interactions among functional groups (algae,bacteria) should be considered in community design where natural succession andcrop rotation will likely provide stability for commercial-scale algal cultivation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, 2019
Keywords
Microalgae, multi-species communities, production stability, algal cultivation, biomass composition, flue gas
National Category
Biological Sciences Ecology
Research subject
Ecology, Aquatic Ecology; Chemistry, Biotechnology; Environmental Science, Environmental technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-46511 (URN)10.1002/elsc.201900015 (DOI)000472189900001 ()2-s2.0-85063427279 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2015-09-28 Created: 2015-09-28 Last updated: 2019-07-17Bibliographically approved
Fridolfsson, E., Bunse, C., Legrand, C., Lindehoff, E., Majaneva, S. & Hylander, S. (2019). Seasonal variation and species-specific concentrations of the essential vitamin B₁ (thiamin) in zooplankton and seston. Marine Biology, 166(6), 1-13, Article ID 70.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Seasonal variation and species-specific concentrations of the essential vitamin B₁ (thiamin) in zooplankton and seston
Show others...
2019 (English)In: Marine Biology, ISSN 0025-3162, E-ISSN 1432-1793, Vol. 166, no 6, p. 1-13, article id 70Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Thiamin (vitamin B1) is mainly produced by bacteria and phytoplankton and then transferred to zooplankton and higher trophic levels but knowledge on the dynamics of these processes in aquatic ecosystems is lacking. Hence, the seasonal variation in thiamin content was assessed in field samples of copepods and in pico-, nano- and micro-plankton of two size classes (0.7–3 µm and > 3 µm) collected monthly in the Baltic Sea during 3 years and in the Skagerrak during 1 year. Copepods exhibited species-specific concentrations of thiamin and Acartia sp. had the highest carbon-specific thiamin content, at both locations. Even members of the same genus, but from different systems contained different levels of thiamin, with higher thiamin content per specimen in copepods from the Skagerrak compared to congeners from the Baltic Sea. Furthermore, our results show that the small plankton (0.7–3 µm) had a higher carbon-specific thiamin content compared to the large (> 3 µm). Additionally, there was a large seasonal variation and thiamin content was highly correlated comparing the two size fractions. Finally, there was an overall positive correlation between thiamin content in copepods and plankton. However, for periods of high thiamin content in the two size fractions, this correlation was negative. This suggests a decoupling between thiamin availability in pico-, nano- and micro-plankton and zooplankton in the Baltic Sea. Knowledge about concentrations of this essential micronutrient in the aquatic food web is limited and this study constitutes a foundation for further understanding the dynamics of thiamin in aquatic environments.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York, NY: Springer, 2019
National Category
Ecology
Research subject
Ecology, Aquatic Ecology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-82081 (URN)10.1007/s00227-019-3520-6 (DOI)000467561000005 ()2-s2.0-85065572171 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-04-23 Created: 2019-04-23 Last updated: 2019-11-15Bibliographically approved
Broman, E., Li, L., Fridlund, J., Svensson, F., Legrand, C. & Dopson, M. (2019). Spring and Late Summer Phytoplankton Biomass Impact on the Coastal Sediment Microbial Community Structure. Microbial Ecology (2), 288-303
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Spring and Late Summer Phytoplankton Biomass Impact on the Coastal Sediment Microbial Community Structure
Show others...
2019 (English)In: Microbial Ecology, ISSN 0095-3628, E-ISSN 1432-184X, no 2, p. 288-303Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Two annual Baltic Sea phytoplankton blooms occur in spring and summer. The bloom intensity is determined by nutrient concentrations in the water, while the period depends on weather conditions. During the course of the bloom, dead cells sink to the sediment where their degradation consumes oxygen to create hypoxic zones (< 2 mg/L dissolved oxygen). These zones prevent the establishment of benthic communities and may result in fish mortality. The aim of the study was to determine how the spring and autumn sediment chemistry and microbial community composition changed due to degradation of diatom or cyanobacterial biomass, respectively. Results from incubation of sediment cores showed some typical anaerobic microbial processes after biomass addition such as a decrease in NO2 + NO3 in the sediment surface (0–1 cm) and iron in the underlying layer (1–2 cm). In addition, an increase in NO2 + NO3 was observed in the overlying benthic water in all amended and control incubations. The combination of NO2 + NO3 diffusion plus nitrification could not account for this increase. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequences, the addition of cyanobacterial biomass during autumn caused a large increase in ferrous iron-oxidizing archaea while diatom biomass amendment during spring caused minor changes in the microbial community. Considering that OTUs sharing lineages with acidophilic microorganisms had a high relative abundance during autumn, it was suggested that specific niches developed in sediment microenvironments. These findings highlight the importance of nitrogen cycling and early microbial community changes in the sediment due to sinking phytoplankton before potential hypoxia occurs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2019
National Category
Ecology Microbiology
Research subject
Ecology, Microbiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-76944 (URN)10.1007/s00248-018-1229-6 (DOI)000460479100002 ()2-s2.0-85049948034 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-07-18 Created: 2018-07-18 Last updated: 2019-08-29Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-7155-3604

Search in DiVA

Show all publications