lnu.sePublications
Change search
Link to record
Permanent link

Direct link
BETA
Publications (10 of 38) Show all publications
Österman, C., Hult, C. & Praetorius, G. (2020). Occupational safety and health for service crew on passenger ships. Safety Science, 121, 403-413
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Occupational safety and health for service crew on passenger ships
2020 (English)In: Safety Science, ISSN 0925-7535, E-ISSN 1879-1042, Vol. 121, p. 403-413Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The service crew is a vital part of the customer experience on board passenger ships, but also has important duties in the safety organization in case of emergencies. Yet, they are not always recognized as seafarers and have received less attention in research that addresses occupational safety and health in the maritime domain.

This study explores the occupational safety and health for the service crew working on Swedish passenger ships.The purpose is to analyze causes of work-related ill-health, investigate and identify important aspects of the physical, organizational and social working conditions. The study has adopted a mixed methods approach, including survey questionnaires, register data on reported long-term sick leave, and field visits on board.

Key findings show that service crew on passenger ships report the highest levels of perceived exertion. They also have the highest rates of long-term sick leave lasting 60 days or more. Most diagnoses are related to musculoskeletal and psychological disorders. Important factors in the shipboard work environment include high physical load and strenuous working postures, poor workplace design, long working hours, limited time for recovery, and the perceived mental and emotional load that comes with unclear boundaries between work and recreation and the social interaction with customers and colleagues. The most prominent health promotive factors to reduce the perceived exertion are appropriate manning, time to rest, working with managers that attend to problems and experiencing good working relations with other departments on board.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2020
Keywords
Work environment, Sick leave, Musculoskeletal disorders, Mental health, Exertion, Seafarers
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Shipping, Maritime Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-89376 (URN)10.1016/j.ssci.2019.09.024 (DOI)
Funder
The Swedish Mercantile Marine Foundation
Available from: 2019-10-01 Created: 2019-10-01 Last updated: 2019-11-12Bibliographically approved
Praetorius, G., Hult, C. & Sandberg, C. (2020). Towards Autonomous Shipping: Exploring Potential Threats and Opportunities in Future Maritime Operations. In: Dr. Neville Stanton (Ed.), Neville Stanton (Ed.), Advances in Human Factors of Transportation: Proceedings of the AHFE 2019 International Conference on Human Factors in Transportation, July 24-28, 2019, Washington D.C., USA. Paper presented at The AHFE 2019 International Conference on Human Factors in Transportation, July 24-28, 2019, Washington D.C., USA (pp. 633-644). Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Towards Autonomous Shipping: Exploring Potential Threats and Opportunities in Future Maritime Operations
2020 (English)In: Advances in Human Factors of Transportation: Proceedings of the AHFE 2019 International Conference on Human Factors in Transportation, July 24-28, 2019, Washington D.C., USA / [ed] Neville Stanton, Springer, 2020, p. 633-644Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This article presents findings from an ongoing research project aiming to study the future of shipping operations with a specific focus on issues related to human roles, responsibilities and the organization of work. A focus group with representatives for the Swedish shipping cluster (n = 6) and academia (n = 2) has been conducted to explore potential strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats (SWOT) with the developments towards autonomous shipping. The results show an overall concern for how to realize the transition between today’s maritime traffic and a future setting where vessels may be operated from shore. Technology to automate navigational tasks and increase the degree of autonomy in shipping are developing, but more attention needs to be paid to the transition of work that may accompany the ongoing developments. Clear roles, responsibili- ties and a definition of potential operator competences need to be formulated to ensure a human-centered development for safer shipping.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2020
Series
Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, ISSN 2194-5357, E-ISSN 2194-5365 ; 964
Keywords
Maritime human factors, SWOT-analysis ; Autonomy ; Maritime traffic
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics Transport Systems and Logistics
Research subject
Shipping, Maritime Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-86923 (URN)10.1007/978-3-030-20503-4_57 (DOI)978-3-030-20502-7 (ISBN)978-3-030-20503-4 (ISBN)
Conference
The AHFE 2019 International Conference on Human Factors in Transportation, July 24-28, 2019, Washington D.C., USA
Projects
Autonomi och ansvar
Funder
Swedish Transport Administration
Available from: 2019-07-18 Created: 2019-07-18 Last updated: 2019-09-03Bibliographically approved
Praetorius, G., Österman, C. & Hult, C. (2019). Have a Healthy Lifestyle or Organize Work: Creating Healthy Shipboard Work Environments. In: Bagnara S., Tartaglia R., Albolino S., Alexander T., Fujita Y. (Ed.), Proceedings of the 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018): Volume VI: Transport Ergonomics and Human Factors (TEHF), Aerospace Human Factors and Ergonomics. Paper presented at 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018) (pp. 455-464). Paper presented at 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018). Cham: Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Have a Healthy Lifestyle or Organize Work: Creating Healthy Shipboard Work Environments
2019 (English)In: Proceedings of the 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018): Volume VI: Transport Ergonomics and Human Factors (TEHF), Aerospace Human Factors and Ergonomics / [ed] Bagnara S., Tartaglia R., Albolino S., Alexander T., Fujita Y., Cham: Springer, 2019, p. 455-464Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper presents findings from a study concerning the work environment on board Swedish passenger vessels. The study explored workrelated experiences of personnel in the service department (hotel, restaurant, catering, shops) based on individual and group interviews, observations, survey data and social insurance statistics concerning sick leave longer than 60 days. The results of this paper are based on ten semi-structured individual and group interviews with 16 respondents. The respondents were HR personnel from six shipping companies and crewmembers working onboard. The results show that in the HR personnel’s perception, healthy work environments are often associated to individual personal health activities, such as access to a gym or healthcare, lectures or other measures directed towards the individual seafarer. Aspects of the organizational and social work environments were barely mentioned as stressors or as contributing factors to an increasing number of sick absences. The interviewed crewmembers, however, highlighted the need for both organizational and social measures to foster healthy work environments. The need for employee participation within the organizational design and decision-making processes, including methods on how to conduct risk assessments prior to physical and organizational changes and follow up their consequences were emphasized. Thus, to create safe and sustainable work environments on board, more attention needs to be directed towards including shipboard personnel in the physical and organizational design of their own work environment rather than promoting a healthy lifestyle through measures directed towards the individual worker.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Springer, 2019
Series
Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, ISSN 2012 - 2019 ; 819
Keywords
Participatory ergonomics, Occupational safety and health, Employee participation
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Shipping, Maritime Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-77701 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-96089-0_49 (DOI)2-s2.0-85051806920 (Scopus ID)978-3-319-96088-3 (ISBN)
Conference
20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018)
Available from: 2018-09-13 Created: 2018-09-13 Last updated: 2019-08-29Bibliographically approved
Hult, C., Praetorius, G. & Sandberg, C. (2019). On the Future of Maritime Transport - Discussing Terminology and Timeframes. TransNav, International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation, 13(2), 269-273
Open this publication in new window or tab >>On the Future of Maritime Transport - Discussing Terminology and Timeframes
2019 (English)In: TransNav, International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation, ISSN 2083-6473, E-ISSN 2083-6481, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 269-273Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper offers an analytical discussion on the terminology and timeframes related to the future of shipping. The discussion is based on issues that have surfaced within the Swedish research project Autonomy and responsibility. The paper argues that the concept 'autonomous ships' has become an indicator of that seafarers soon will become obsolete - which may have negative consequences for the supply of maritime competence in coming years - and that the proper definition of the term 'autonomous' describes something that will never apply to a ship. Ships can be given the possibility, but hardly the full right or condition of self-government. It is argued that 'smart ships', or perhaps 'intelligent ships', are more appropriate, since these terms describe the current and future state of technology without predicting how humans will prefer to use it. The estimated timeframes for implementation of unmanned ships suggest no threat to the seafaring occupation for coming generation. The content of the occupation will of course change due to the phase of implementation of degree of digitalization, but there will always be a need for maritime knowledge and understanding.

National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Research subject
Shipping
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-86887 (URN)10.12716/1001.13.02.01 (DOI)000472067500001 ()2-s2.0-85068122523 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-07-18 Created: 2019-07-18 Last updated: 2019-08-29Bibliographically approved
Österman, C., Hult, C., Praetorius, G. & Lindblad, M. (2018). Sjukt kul jobb.: Servicepersonalens arbetsmiljö, sjukskrivningar och arbetstillfredsställelse på passagerarfartyg. Kalmar: Sjöfartshögskolan, Linnéuniversitetet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sjukt kul jobb.: Servicepersonalens arbetsmiljö, sjukskrivningar och arbetstillfredsställelse på passagerarfartyg
2018 (Swedish)Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [sv]

Stundtals tufft men ändå givande. Så skulle arbetssituationen kunna sammanfattas för de som jobbar inom intendenturen med service och försäljning till gäster på passagerarfartyg. Många arbetsmoment innebär hög fysisk och mental arbetsbelastning med liten möjlighet att själv kunna påverka sina arbetsförhållanden. Men trots att servicepersonalen är överrepresenterade bland de långa sjukskrivningarna är det en motiverad arbetsgrupp med hög arbetstillfredsställelse. I den här rapporten sammanställer vi några av de viktigaste resultaten från forskningsprojektet Intendenturpersonalens arbetsmiljö som genomfördes vid Sjöfartshögskolan, Linnéuniversitetet under åren 2015–2017. Både projektet och den här rapporten har finansierats av Stiftelsen Sveriges Sjömanshus.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Kalmar: Sjöfartshögskolan, Linnéuniversitetet, 2018. p. 43
Keywords
Arbetsmiljö, ohälsa, arbetstillfredsställelse, arbetsmotivation, sjukskrivningar, sjöfart, passagerarfartyg, intendentupersonal, servicepersonal
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Shipping, Maritime Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-75375 (URN)9789188761712 (ISBN)9789188761729 (ISBN)
Projects
Intendenturpersonalens arbetsmiljö
Funder
The Swedish Mercantile Marine Foundation
Available from: 2018-06-08 Created: 2018-06-08 Last updated: 2018-07-20Bibliographically approved
Praetorius, G., Österman, C. & Hult, C. (2018). Strategies and measures to improve the work environment of service crew on board Swedish passenger vessel. TransNav, International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation, 12(3), 587-595
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Strategies and measures to improve the work environment of service crew on board Swedish passenger vessel
2018 (English)In: TransNav, International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation, ISSN 2083-6473, E-ISSN 2083-6481, Vol. 12, no 3, p. 587-595Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper presents findings from three workshops focused on the physical, organizational and social work environment of service crew working on board Swedish passenger vessels. The first workshop aimed to identify underlying causes of long‐term sick leave among employees in the service department, and potential measures that can be taken to reduce ill‐health. The second and third workshop explored knowledge of available methods to identify occupational safety and health risks, and suggest health‐promotion strategies at individual, team and company levels. A total of 58 persons from the Swedish maritime cluster participated in the workshops. During the workshops, open and structured brainstorming was used to create affinity diagrams to systematically summarize the identified causes, risks and strategies. Although the results presented in this article stem from a research project focused on Swedish passenger vessels, many of the findings may be transferable to an international maritime setting towards a deeper understanding of seafarers’ work environment and working conditions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Gdynia: TransNav, Faculty of Navigation, Gdynia Maritime University, 2018
Keywords
Passenger vessels, Service crew, Swedish vessels, Swedish maritime cluster, Swedish passenger vessels, Seafarers, Swedish, Rapid Upper Limb Assessment (RULA), Seafarers' work
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Shipping, Maritime Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-78712 (URN)10.12716/1001.12.03.19 (DOI)000449304700019 ()
Funder
The Swedish Mercantile Marine Foundation
Available from: 2018-11-06 Created: 2018-11-06 Last updated: 2019-01-16Bibliographically approved
Hult, C., Österman, C., Praetorius, G. & Lindblad, M. (2017). Intendenturpersonalens arbetsmiljö: arbetsmiljö, arbetsupplevelser, motivation och sjukskrivningar på passagerarfartyg. Kalmar: Sjöfartshögskolan, Linnéuniversitetet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Intendenturpersonalens arbetsmiljö: arbetsmiljö, arbetsupplevelser, motivation och sjukskrivningar på passagerarfartyg
2017 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Det här projektet undersöker arbetsmiljön för intendenturpersonalen på svenska passagerarfar-tyg. Bakgrunden till projektet ligger i upptäckten att intendenturpersonal ombord passagerar-fartyg år 2010 uppvisade en betydligt högre upplevelse av utmattning, jämfört med andra per-sonalgrupper. Utmattningsupplevelsen indikerades med ett utmattningsindex bestående av ett flertal upplevelseaspekter rörande trötthet och stress i arbetet. Passagerarfartygens intendentur-personal har även rapporterat högre ohälsotal än andra personalkategorier i svensk sjöfart.Projektet innefattar en jämförelse av svenskregistrerad sjöpersonals upplevelser av utmattning fördelat på ombordfunktioner och fartygstyp vid mellan 2010 och 2015, samt förhållandet mel-lan arbetstillfredsställelse, motivation och utmattningsupplevelse inom intendenturen år 2015. I projektet analyseras även Försäkringskassans sjukskrivningsstatistik för åren 2011–2014 med avseende på sjuktalen för långa sjukskrivningar över 60 dagar och diagnosfördelning för inten-denturpersonalen, samt om det möjligt att göra en analytisk koppling till upplevelsen av utmatt-ning. Genom intervjuer och observationer med chefer och medarbetare ombord och iland un-dersöks vilka fysiska, organisatoriska och sociala faktorer som upplevs vara av betydelse för arbetsmiljön.Det övergripande målet är att identifiera friskfaktorer för att minska risken för utmattning och ohälsa som kan leda till långa sjukskrivningar och lämna välgrundade rekommendationer för branschen.Resultaten visar att passagerarfartygens besättning rapporterar högst utmattningsupplevelse både 2010 och 2015. Intendenturpersonalen är också klart överrepresenterade i sjukskrivnings-statistiken och sjuktalen, vilket kan kopplas till upplevelsen av utmattning.Enkätundersökningen 2015 visar att intendenturpersonalen rapporterar mest negativa upplevel-ser av arbetssituation, kamratskap och ledarskap jämfört med andra avdelningar. Det är dock en generellt motiverad yrkesgrupp med hög arbetstillfredsställelse. Friskfaktorer som visat sig lindra utmattningsupplevelsen (bemanning, vila, ledarskap, relationer till andra avdelningar) stärker personalens motivation att arbeta till sjössÖkad delaktighet hos intendenturpersonalen i arbetsmiljöarbete och arbetsplatsens utformning kan minska de negativa och höja de hälsofrämjande effekterna av förändringsarbete ombord. Den sociala arbetsmiljön är en viktig del av arbetet till sjöss och omfattar även den lediga tid som tillbringas ombord. Arbetsmiljöarbete bör därför omfatta åtgärder som bryter ner gränser mellan avdelningar, skapar sammanhållning och en gemensam identitet för intendenturen och besättningen i stort.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Kalmar: Sjöfartshögskolan, Linnéuniversitetet, 2017. p. 56
Keywords
arbetsmiljö, delaktighet, arbetstillfredsställelse, motivation, ledarskap, sjöfart, passagerarfartyg, servicearbete
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Shipping, Maritime Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-68345 (URN)978-91-88357-64-9 (ISBN)
Projects
Intendenturpersonalens arbetsmiljö
Funder
The Swedish Mercantile Marine Foundation
Available from: 2017-10-13 Created: 2017-10-13 Last updated: 2018-04-12Bibliographically approved
Praetorius, G., Österman, C. & Hult, C. (2017). Underlying Causes of and Potential Measures to Reduce Long-term Sick Leave Among Employees in the Service Department on Board Swedish Passenger Vessels. In: Adam Weintrit and Tomasz Neumann (Ed.), Safety of Sea Transportation: Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation (TransNav 2017), June 21-23, 2017, Gdynia, Poland. Paper presented at 12th International Conference on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation (TransNav 2017), June 21-23, 2017, Gdynia, Poland (pp. 287-293). Leiden: CRC Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Underlying Causes of and Potential Measures to Reduce Long-term Sick Leave Among Employees in the Service Department on Board Swedish Passenger Vessels
2017 (English)In: Safety of Sea Transportation: Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation (TransNav 2017), June 21-23, 2017, Gdynia, Poland / [ed] Adam Weintrit and Tomasz Neumann, Leiden: CRC Press, 2017, p. 287-293Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper presents findings from a workshop focused on the physical, social and organizational work environment in the service department on board Swedish passenger vessels. Twentyseven maritime professionals participated to provide input to potential causes and measures for long-term sick leave. During the workshop, an affinity diagram was created to systematically order the input of the respondents. The results show a wide range of causes and potential measures across multiple organizational levels. Unclear leadership, ambiguous or high demands with limited decision latitude, as well as aspects of work organization, i.e. manning, pressure for effectiveness, and extensive working hours were identified as important contributors to long-term sick leave. Although the findings are based on a workshop with Swedish maritime professionals, the results may be transferable to the international maritime sector to gain a deeper understanding of how to create, organize and promote a safe and efficient work environment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Leiden: CRC Press, 2017
Keywords
long-term sick absences, work environment design, affinity diagram, participatory design
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Shipping, Maritime Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-67138 (URN)10.1201/9781315099088-50 (DOI)2-s2.0-85058184812 (Scopus ID)978-1-138-29768-5 (ISBN)978-1-351-58204-9 (ISBN)
Conference
12th International Conference on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation (TransNav 2017), June 21-23, 2017, Gdynia, Poland
Funder
The Swedish Mercantile Marine Foundation
Available from: 2017-08-01 Created: 2017-08-01 Last updated: 2019-08-29Bibliographically approved
Österman, C., Praetorius, G. & Hult, C. (2017). Work environment challenges and participatory workplace interventions on passenger ships. In: Anna-Lisa Osvalder, Mikael Blomé and Hajnalka Bodnar (Ed.), Proceedings of the 49th Nordic Ergonomics Society (NES) Conference Joy at Work: . Paper presented at 49th Nordic Ergonomics Society (NES) Conference Joy at Work, Lund20-23 August, 2017 (pp. 452-459). Lund University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Work environment challenges and participatory workplace interventions on passenger ships
2017 (English)In: Proceedings of the 49th Nordic Ergonomics Society (NES) Conference Joy at Work / [ed] Anna-Lisa Osvalder, Mikael Blomé and Hajnalka Bodnar, Lund University , 2017, p. 452-459Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This study is part of a larger research project investigating working conditions for employees in the service department on board passenger ships. A mixed methods approach was adopted, and this paper focuses on the findings related to the physical work environment. The main findings show the physical factors to be largely related to high physical load and time pressure. The design of workplaces and equipment is a cornerstone for a sustainable work environment. Participatory design practices open the opportunity to foster employee engagement in workplace design, contributing towards increased employee health and well-being.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund University, 2017
Keywords
Ergonomics, physical load, employee participation, participatory design
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Shipping, Maritime Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-67386 (URN)978-91-7753-152-4 (ISBN)
Conference
49th Nordic Ergonomics Society (NES) Conference Joy at Work, Lund20-23 August, 2017
Projects
Intendenturpersonalens arbetsmiljö på passagerarfartyg
Funder
The Swedish Mercantile Marine Foundation
Available from: 2017-08-23 Created: 2017-08-23 Last updated: 2017-09-07Bibliographically approved
Österman, C. & Hult, C. (2016). Administrative burdens and over-exertion in Swedish short sea shipping. Maritime Policy & Management, 43(5), 569-579
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Administrative burdens and over-exertion in Swedish short sea shipping
2016 (English)In: Maritime Policy & Management, ISSN 0308-8839, E-ISSN 1464-5254, Vol. 43, no 5, p. 569-579Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Despite significant changes in work tasks performed on board, towards more sedentary monitoring and administrative work, the incidence of occupational injuries and disorders remains high among seafarers. In order to improve safety standards, industry stakeholders increasingly require written documentation of numerous routines, procedures and tasks performed on board. These increased demands have however added to the administrative burden. Some say, to the extent that administrative work has become a safety risk in itself. This paper presents the result of a survey investigating how Swedish seafarers perceive their own level of fatigue, stress and over-exertion related to work. The material consists of 1309 respondents originating from a random selection procedure, of which 651 reported to be employed in short sea shipping. Multiple regression analysis (OLS regression), allowing adjusted effects, were applied in several steps of the analysis. The highest levels of exertion were reported by employees in the catering department, positions not generally associated with high administrative burden. Perceived high levels of administrative work do increase the level of exertion, but cannot explain the observed pattern. Future ship and trade-specific studies on physical and mental well-being and complementary studies on the catering department’s working conditions and work environment are necessary.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2016
Keywords
Administrative burden, exertion, fatigue, stress, short sea shipping
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics Sociology
Research subject
Shipping, Maritime Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-54638 (URN)10.1080/03088839.2016.1154994 (DOI)000380154500003 ()2-s2.0-84961216439 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Intendenturpersonalens arbetsmiljö
Funder
The Swedish Mercantile Marine Foundation
Available from: 2016-07-13 Created: 2016-07-13 Last updated: 2017-11-28Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-2856-0475

Search in DiVA

Show all publications