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Andreasson, J. & Johansson, T. (2020). Fitness Doping: Trajectories, Gender, Bodies and Health. Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Fitness Doping: Trajectories, Gender, Bodies and Health
2020 (English)Book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This book compiles several years of multi-faceted qualitative research on fitness doping to provide a fresh insight into how the growing phenomenon intersects with issues of gender, body and health in contemporary society.

 

Drawing on biographical interviews, as well as online and offline ethnography, Andreasson and Johansson analyse how, in the context of the global development of gym and fitness culture, particular doping trajectories are formulated, and users come into contact with doping. They also explore users’ internalisation of particular values, practices and communications and analyse how this influences understandings of the self, health, gender and the body, as well as tying this into wider beliefs regarding individual freedom and the law.

 

This insight into doping goes beyond elite and organised sports, and will be of interest to students and scholars across the sociology of sport, leisure studies, and gender and body politics.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan, 2020. p. 217
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences Sociology
Research subject
Social Sciences, Sport Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-86302 (URN)978-3-030-22105-8 (ISBN)978-3-030-22104-1 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-07-10 Created: 2019-07-10 Last updated: 2019-10-18Bibliographically approved
Sverkersson, E., Andreasson, J. & Johansson, T. (2020). 'Sis Science' and Fitness Doping: Ethnopharmacology, Gender and Risk. Social Sciences, 9, 1-13, Article ID 55.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>'Sis Science' and Fitness Doping: Ethnopharmacology, Gender and Risk
2020 (English)In: Social Sciences, E-ISSN 2076-0760, Vol. 9, p. 1-13, article id 55Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article is part of a larger investigation looking into recent changes in the demographics of fitness doping and the possible consequences of such changes. Contesting the historical alliance between masculinity and fitness doping, the article focuses on women’s narratives and experiences of fitness doping in a male-dominated open online community called Flashback. The article builds upon a qualitative and netnographic approach to the research. Employing the lens of the potential emergence of a woman-based ethnopharmacological culture, this article investigates the ways in which women talk about and rationalise their use of performance and image enhancing drugs (PEIDs), their potency and potential gendered side-effects. The results show that although fitness doping can be largely understood in terms of hegemonic patterns, women have gained ground in the context of online fitness doping, heralding a changing doping demography and a movement towards a ‘sis science’ ethnopharmacology. Although critiqued by men, the context enables women to freely discuss harm reduction, risks and the potential potencies of various drugs, and to share knowledge that is relevant to female biology and discuss their own experiences, an activity that also makes visible the negotiation of new gender positions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2020
National Category
Social Work Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Social Sciences, Sport Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-93653 (URN)10.3390/socsci9040055 (DOI)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2017-01572
Available from: 2020-04-22 Created: 2020-04-22 Last updated: 2020-05-13Bibliographically approved
Larsson, H. & Andreasson, J. (2020). Sport and Masculinities in Sweden: Performance and the Notion of Gender Equality. In: Rory Magrath, Jamie Cleland and Eric Anderson (Ed.), The Palgrave Handbook of Masculinity and Sport: (pp. 465-481). Palgrave Macmillan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sport and Masculinities in Sweden: Performance and the Notion of Gender Equality
2020 (English)In: The Palgrave Handbook of Masculinity and Sport / [ed] Rory Magrath, Jamie Cleland and Eric Anderson, Palgrave Macmillan, 2020, p. 465-481Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Palgrave Macmillan, 2020
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences Sociology Gender Studies
Research subject
Social Sciences, Sport Science; Social Sciences, Gender Studies; Social Sciences, Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-89219 (URN)978-3-030-19799-5 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-09-22 Created: 2019-09-22 Last updated: 2019-11-21Bibliographically approved
Andreasson, J. & Johansson, T. (2020). (Un)Becoming a Fitness Doper: Negotiating the Meaning of Illicit drug use in a Gym and Fitness Context. Journal of Sport and Social Issues, 44(1), 93-109
Open this publication in new window or tab >>(Un)Becoming a Fitness Doper: Negotiating the Meaning of Illicit drug use in a Gym and Fitness Context
2020 (English)In: Journal of Sport and Social Issues, ISSN 0193-7235, E-ISSN 1552-7638, Vol. 44, no 1, p. 93-109Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The widespread availability of doping and its growing prevalence among fitness groups has contributed greatly to the realization of an emergent public health issue. Emanating from an ethnographic study in Sweden, the purpose of this study was to describe and analyze the processes involved in becoming and "unbecoming" a fitness doping user. The study employs a cultural and sociological perspective as its theoretical framework and discusses how the participating users gradually develop their knowledge about the drugs and how the process of becoming a user is negotiated in relation to ideas and ideals concerning health, gender, and individual freedom and Swedish law. Regarding exit processes, (re)entering into what is perceived to be an ordinary "normal" life was seldom a straightforward process. To understand the complex and sometimes complicated transition processes involved in becoming respectively unbecoming a fitness doper, the results highlight the limitations of using stage models for understanding exit process as heuristic tools. Furthermore, the article argue for the necessity to investigate the negotiations of fitness doping, taking place in the intersection between subcultural affiliations/spaces, doping legislation, and mainstream perceptions of living a "Normal" life. It is argued that processes of (un)becoming a fitness doper are anything but linear and thus need to be understood in relation to sociocultural belonging and ongoing negotiation of the individual's sense of self.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2020
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences Social Work
Research subject
Social Sciences, Sport Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-88101 (URN)10.1177/0193723519867589 (DOI)000483211500001 ()
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2017-01572
Available from: 2019-08-17 Created: 2019-08-17 Last updated: 2020-05-05Bibliographically approved
Andreasson, J. & Johansson, T. (2020). Vetenskapsteori: Grunder och tillämpning. Lund: Studentlitteratur AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Vetenskapsteori: Grunder och tillämpning
2020 (Swedish)Book (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Förlagetss information:Vetenskapsteori kan ibland uppfattas som abstrakt och komplicerat. Samtidigt utgör den vetenskapsteoretiska reflektionen en grundförutsättning för akademiskt arbete. Vetenskapsteoretiska frågor aktualiseras i varje forskningsprocess, oavsett om skribenten är medveten om det eller inte. Denna bok handlar inte bara om vetenskapsteori i sig och om olika sätt att se på kunskap, utan den är snarare tänkt som ett redskap för att läsaren ska kunna omsätta en vetenskapsteoretisk reflektion i arbetet med att genomföra en studie. Ambitionen är att erbjuda konkreta exempel på diskussioner som kan uppkomma i till exempel handledningssituationer, och med hjälp av dessa visa hur det är möjligt att förstå relationen mellan vetenskapsteori och det vetenskapliga skrivandet.

Boken kan erbjuda ett stöd för såväl studenter och doktorander som för handledare. Den riktar sig främst till det samhällsvetenskapliga fältet i stort och fungerar utmärkt som en introduktion till vetenskapligt tänkande och skrivande på till exempel lärarutbildningar, socionomprogrammet, psykologutbildningen samt kurser i sociologi, socialpsykologi, kulturstudier och andra samhällsvetenskapliga ämnen.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2020. p. 223
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-91923 (URN)9789144133713 (ISBN)
Available from: 2020-02-05 Created: 2020-02-05 Last updated: 2020-03-12Bibliographically approved
Andreasson, J., Johansson, T. & Magnusson, L. (2020). Violent Youth Radicalisation in Sweden: The issue and the YEIP prevent model. In: Theo Gavrielides (Ed.), New directions in preventing youth radicalisation: Comparative and summary findings from the youth empowerment and innovation project (YEIP) (pp. 88-94). London: IARS Publications
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Violent Youth Radicalisation in Sweden: The issue and the YEIP prevent model
2020 (English)In: New directions in preventing youth radicalisation: Comparative and summary findings from the youth empowerment and innovation project (YEIP) / [ed] Theo Gavrielides, London: IARS Publications , 2020, p. 88-94Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: IARS Publications, 2020
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Social Sciences, Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-91921 (URN)978-1-907641-65-7 (ISBN)
Available from: 2020-02-05 Created: 2020-02-05 Last updated: 2020-03-20Bibliographically approved
Andreasson, J. & Sverkersson, E. (2019). A new doping demography?: Female PIED users in the context of online communication. In: International Network of Doping Research, 2019 Conference, WADA’s 20th Anniversary, 22.-23. August 2019, Aarhus University, Denmark: Book of Abstracts. Paper presented at INDR International Network of Doping Research - WADA 20th Anniversary 22-23 aug 2019 (pp. 8-8). Aarhus University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A new doping demography?: Female PIED users in the context of online communication
2019 (English)In: International Network of Doping Research, 2019 Conference, WADA’s 20th Anniversary, 22.-23. August 2019, Aarhus University, Denmark: Book of Abstracts, Aarhus University , 2019, p. 8-8Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Internationally, WADA, NADOs, and different public health organizations conduct fairly comprehensive antidoping measures. As a consequence, numerous ‘new’ ways to learn about and access these types of drugs have emerged. Different internet communities, for example, have become part of a new self-help culture in which mostly men, can anonymously approach these substances. But times are changing and women are increasingly engaging in drug using practices. Using a netnographic approach, the aim of this study is to describe and analyse how female users of performance and image enhancing drugs (PIED) approach, understand and negotiate their use, and relate it to existing preventative measures. The study will focus on an online community called Flashback, and adopts a constructionist approach, investigating how particular subject positions (identities) and drug use strategies are created within a specific ‘community of practice’. The results show that there is an increasing amount of knowledge that not only targets but is also developed by and for women concerning PIED use. Female users are gradually becoming more integrated into the online doping community. A changing doping demography and the online offer of PEIDs will be a great challenge in the development of future supranational, and online, prevention strategies and anti-doping campaigns.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Aarhus University, 2019
National Category
Social Work Sport and Fitness Sciences Pedagogy
Research subject
Social Sciences, Sport Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-88617 (URN)
Conference
INDR International Network of Doping Research - WADA 20th Anniversary 22-23 aug 2019
Available from: 2019-08-26 Created: 2019-08-26 Last updated: 2019-10-31Bibliographically approved
Andreasson, J. & Johansson, T. (2019). Becoming a half-time parent: Fatherhood after divorce. Journal of Family Studies, 25(1), 2-17
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Becoming a half-time parent: Fatherhood after divorce
2019 (English)In: Journal of Family Studies, ISSN 1322-9400, E-ISSN 1839-3543, Vol. 25, no 1, p. 2-17Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Men have increasingly been dedicating time and effort to childcare. Consequently, the idea of the ‘new’ emotionally involved father has been discussed in the literature. This article focuses on narratives of divorced Swedish fathers with joint physical custody of their children. This arrangement, a new model of post-divorce parenting, has become increasingly popular in several Nordic countries. The article aims to analyse the experiences attached to and emanating from this particular form of post-divorce agreement, and how it is understood in relation to the Swedish childcare system. The fathers interviewed had a strong ambition to share things equally, as well as to carry on family practices in gender-equal ways. This desire was, however, balanced with a number of obstacles, such as work requirements, living conditions and conceptions of gender differences. In this way, the fathers’ subjective aspirations and strivings were filtered through structural and cultural conditions in society, with clear connections to Swedish family and gender politics.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2019
National Category
Sociology Gender Studies
Research subject
Social Sciences, Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-55070 (URN)10.1080/13229400.2016.1195277 (DOI)000452751100002 ()2-s2.0-84978531854 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-07-25 Created: 2016-07-25 Last updated: 2019-08-29Bibliographically approved
Andreasson, J. & Johansson, T. (2019). Bodybuilding and Fitness Doping in Transition: Historical Transformations and Contemporary Challenges. Social Sciences, 8(3), 1-14
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bodybuilding and Fitness Doping in Transition: Historical Transformations and Contemporary Challenges
2019 (English)In: Social Sciences, E-ISSN 2076-0760, Vol. 8, no 3, p. 1-14Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article describes and analyses the historical development of gym and fitness culture in general and doping use in this context in particular. Theoretically, the paper utilises the concept of subculture and explores how a subcultural response can be used analytically in relation to processes of cultural normalisation as well as marginalisation. The focus is on historical and symbolic negotiations that have occurred over time, between perceived expressions of extreme body cultures and sociocultural transformations in society—with a perspective on fitness doping in public discourse. Several distinct phases in the history of fitness doping are identified. First, there is an introductory phase in the mid-1950s, in which there is an optimism connected to modernity and thoughts about scientifically-engineered bodies. Secondly, in the 1960s and 70s, a distinct bodybuilding subculture is developed, cultivating previously unseen muscular male bodies. Thirdly, there is a critical phase in the 1980s and 90s, where drugs gradually become morally objectionable. The fourth phase, the fitness revolution, can be seen as a transformational phase in gym culture. The massive bodybuilding body is replaced with the well-defined and moderately muscular fitness body, but at the same time there are strong commercialised values which contribute to the development of a new doping market. Finally, it is possible to speculate on the development of a fifth phase, in which fitness doping is increasingly being filtered into mainstream gym and fitness culture, influencing the fitness doping demography.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2019
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences Sociology Social Work
Research subject
Social Sciences, Sport Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-80945 (URN)10.3390/socsci8030080 (DOI)2-s2.0-85063909033 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-03-04 Created: 2019-03-04 Last updated: 2019-08-29Bibliographically approved
Andreasson, J. (2019). Doping Trajectories: Becoming and Unbecoming a Fitness Doper. In: Ask Vest Christiansen & John Gleaves (Ed.), INDR 8th International Conference, WADA's 20th Anniversary: 22-23 August, Aarhus, Denmark. Paper presented at INDR 8th International Conference. WADA's 20th anniversary.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Doping Trajectories: Becoming and Unbecoming a Fitness Doper
2019 (English)In: INDR 8th International Conference, WADA's 20th Anniversary: 22-23 August, Aarhus, Denmark / [ed] Ask Vest Christiansen & John Gleaves, 2019Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Social Work Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Social Sciences, Sport Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-88612 (URN)
Conference
INDR 8th International Conference. WADA's 20th anniversary
Note

Ej belagd 20191111

Available from: 2019-08-26 Created: 2019-08-26 Last updated: 2019-11-11Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-1631-6475

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