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Langer, S., Österman, C., Strandberg, B., Moldanová, J. & Fridén, H. (2020). Impacts of fuel quality on indoor environment onboard a ship: From policy to practice. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 83, Article ID 102352.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Impacts of fuel quality on indoor environment onboard a ship: From policy to practice
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2020 (English)In: Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, ISSN 1361-9209, E-ISSN 1879-2340, Vol. 83, article id 102352Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Environmental considerations, concerning the negative impacts of ship exhaust gases and particles on ambient air quality, are behind the requirements of cleaner marine fuels currently applied in designated emission control areas (ECAs).

We investigated the impact of a ship operating on two types of fuel on the indoor air quality onboard. Gaseous and particulate air pollutants were measured in the engine room and the accommodation sections onboard an icebreaker operating first on Heavy Fuel Oil (HFO, 1%-S), and later Marine Diesel Oil (MDO, 0.1%-S). Statistically significant decrease of SO2, NOx, PM2.5 and particle number concentration were observed when the ship was operating on MDO. Due to the higher content of alkylated PAHs in MDO compared to HFO, the concentration of PAHs increased during operation on MDO. The particulate PAHs classified as carcinogens, were similar to, or lower, in the MDO campaign. Chemical analysis of PM2.5 revealed that the particles consisted mainly of organic carbon and sulfate, although the fraction of metals was quite large in particles from the engine room. Principal Component Analysis of all measured parameters showed a clear difference between HFO and MDO fuel on the indoor environmental quality onboard the ship.

This empirical study poses a first example on how environmental policy-making impacts not only the primary target at a global level, but also brings unexpected localized benefits at workplace level. The study emphasizes the need of further investigations on the impact of new marine fuels and technologies on the indoor air environments on board.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2020
Keywords
Indoor air quality, Gaseous pollutants, PAH, Particles, Heavy Fuel Oil, Marine Diesel Oil
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics Transport Systems and Logistics
Research subject
Shipping, Maritime Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-94169 (URN)10.1016/j.trd.2020.102352 (DOI)
Funder
AFA Insurance, 120063The Swedish Mercantile Marine Foundation
Available from: 2020-05-05 Created: 2020-05-05 Last updated: 2020-05-06Bibliographically approved
Österman, C., Hult, C. & Praetorius, G. (2020). Occupational safety and health for service crew on passenger ships. Safety Science, 121, 403-413
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Occupational safety and health for service crew on passenger ships
2020 (English)In: Safety Science, ISSN 0925-7535, E-ISSN 1879-1042, Vol. 121, p. 403-413Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The service crew is a vital part of the customer experience on board passenger ships, but also has important duties in the safety organization in case of emergencies. Yet, they are not always recognized as seafarers and have received less attention in research that addresses occupational safety and health in the maritime domain.

This study explores the occupational safety and health for the service crew working on Swedish passenger ships.The purpose is to analyze causes of work-related ill-health, investigate and identify important aspects of the physical, organizational and social working conditions. The study has adopted a mixed methods approach, including survey questionnaires, register data on reported long-term sick leave, and field visits on board.

Key findings show that service crew on passenger ships report the highest levels of perceived exertion. They also have the highest rates of long-term sick leave lasting 60 days or more. Most diagnoses are related to musculoskeletal and psychological disorders. Important factors in the shipboard work environment include high physical load and strenuous working postures, poor workplace design, long working hours, limited time for recovery, and the perceived mental and emotional load that comes with unclear boundaries between work and recreation and the social interaction with customers and colleagues. The most prominent health promotive factors to reduce the perceived exertion are appropriate manning, time to rest, working with managers that attend to problems and experiencing good working relations with other departments on board.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2020
Keywords
Work environment, Sick leave, Musculoskeletal disorders, Mental health, Exertion, Seafarers
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Shipping, Maritime Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-89376 (URN)10.1016/j.ssci.2019.09.024 (DOI)000496603900034 ()
Funder
The Swedish Mercantile Marine Foundation
Available from: 2019-10-01 Created: 2019-10-01 Last updated: 2019-12-13Bibliographically approved
Strandberg, B., Österman, C., Koca Akdeva, H., Moldanová, J. & Langer, S. (2020). The Use of Polyurethane Foam (PUF) Passive Air Samplers in Exposure Studies to PAHs in Swedish Seafarers. Polycyclic aromatic compounds (Print), 1-13
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Use of Polyurethane Foam (PUF) Passive Air Samplers in Exposure Studies to PAHs in Swedish Seafarers
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2020 (English)In: Polycyclic aromatic compounds (Print), ISSN 1040-6638, E-ISSN 1563-5333, p. 1-13Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to test the usefulness of polyurethane foam (PUF) passive air samplers as stationary, and, for the first time, as personal samplers for one week’s sampling period of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in occupational air. Routine monitoring of workplace exposure is commonly performed with active sampling. However, active samplers can sometimes be unsuitable; e.g., it is difficult to make time-integrated measurements, longer than one day, and they can be noisy and obstructive. Indoor air quality on ships is an important aspect of the environment which has not been studied extensively on ships. For seafarers, good indoor air quality becomes particularly important as the ship represents both a working and living environment. In this study, measurements were carried out on two occasions on two different ships, at different workplaces, and for various personnel categories. On each ship, measurements were performed before and after a change of the type of fuel that the ships were operating on. We found a considerable wide range of PAHs exposure levels for the various workplaces and personnel categories on the ships. The stationary measurements, sum 32 PAHs, ranged from 33-39,000 ng m−3 and the personal exposure measurements ranged from 61-8,400 ng m−3. The results point to that the content of PAHs in the fuel can affect the indoor air environment on the entire ship. Further, the results demonstrate that the PUF sampler can serve as a simple and usable screening tool for estimating and tracking point sources of PAHs in micro-environments. Moreover, this study contributes to increased knowledge of exposure to and sources of PAHs for seafarers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis Group, 2020
Keywords
PAHs, PUF, passive samplers, seafarers, ship, ship fuel
National Category
Occupational Health and Environmental Health
Research subject
Shipping, Maritime Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-92927 (URN)10.1080/10406638.2020.1739084 (DOI)000519731300001 ()
Funder
The Swedish Mercantile Marine FoundationAFA Insurance
Available from: 2020-03-15 Created: 2020-03-15 Last updated: 2020-04-23
Glimne, S., Brautaset, R. & Österman, C. (2020). Visual fatigue during control room work in process industries. Work: A journal of Prevention, Assessment and rehabilitation, 65(4), 903-914
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Visual fatigue during control room work in process industries
2020 (English)In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assessment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 65, no 4, p. 903-914Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND:

Working in front of computer screens is visually demanding and related to adverse eye symptoms. Occurrence of glare further increases visual fatigue.

OBJECTIVE:

This paper presents results from an examination of visual ergonomics in control room environments at two Swedish process industries.

METHODS:

Visual conditions were examined and evaluated in nine control rooms and eighteen process operators answered questions about their perceived workload and visual experiences.

RESULTS:

When working in the control rooms, the mental workload was rated significantly higher by the participants, compared to experienced performance. The operators further experienced significantly higher visual fatigue and blurred vision compared to double vision and sore eyes. Visual demands were increased in conditions where contrast glare was present, as well as frequent changes of focusing distances, and low contrast between background and characters in computer screens.

CONCLUSIONS:

Suboptimal visual working conditions in the control rooms contributes to increased visual demands on the operators. Presence of glare is leading to visual fatigue and an unnecessary high mental load. The findings support the relevance of considering principles of general and visual ergonomics when designing and organizing work in control rooms. Workstation design should also be flexible to allow for individual and contextual adjustments.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Amsterdam: IOS Press, 2020
Keywords
Visual demands, workload, contrast glare, lighting design
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Shipping, Maritime Science; Shipping, Maritime Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-93710 (URN)10.3233/WOR-203141 (DOI)
Funder
AFA Insurance
Available from: 2020-04-24 Created: 2020-04-24 Last updated: 2020-06-05Bibliographically approved
Österman, C., Osvalder, A.-L., Hemphälä, H., Frohm, J., Glimne, S., Hägg, G. M., . . . Ahlin, J. (2019). Conceptual and Practical Strategy Work to Promote Ergonomics/Human Factors in Sweden. In: Bagnara S., Tartaglia R., Albolino S., Alexander T., Fujita Y. (Ed.), Proceedings of the 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018): . Paper presented at The 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018) (pp. 320-329). Cham: Springer, 4
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Conceptual and Practical Strategy Work to Promote Ergonomics/Human Factors in Sweden
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2019 (English)In: Proceedings of the 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018) / [ed] Bagnara S., Tartaglia R., Albolino S., Alexander T., Fujita Y., Cham: Springer, 2019, Vol. 4, p. 320-329Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper describes the results of the conceptual and practical strategy work performed by the Swedish Ergonomics and Human Factors Society (EHSS) today. The rationale of EHSS is to strengthen the quality of ergonomics/human factors knowledge and practice in Sweden and form a multidisciplinary platform across disciplines and professions for collaboration and for knowledge sharing. EHSS gathers about 350 members, representing different occupations in industry, academia and the public sector. Together,EHSS members hold knowledge and experience in physical, cognitive andorganizational ergonomics and its application in working life and society. The overall aim of this paper is to inspire related societies and stakeholders to initiate discussions about strategies and future projects that allow for collaborationa nd knowledge sharing. Proposedly follow the EHSS model where we have formed a multidisciplinary platform for collaboration across disciplinesand professions. The activities initiated and supported by EHSS are one steptowards broadening the knowledge and application of HFE in Sweden, and to comprise new arenas of specialization. By participating in the key areas in society such as teaching, standardization, product development and occupationalsafety and health, the work of EHSS is one piece of the puzzle to improvehuman activities in the future. The vision is that together, we can improve safety, efficiency and well-being for all.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Springer, 2019
Series
Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, E-ISSN 2194-5365 ; 821
Keywords
Future of ergonomics, Knowledge sharing, Design for all
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Shipping, Maritime Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-77712 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-96080-7_37 (DOI)2-s2.0-85051743943 (Scopus ID)978-3-319-96079-1 (ISBN)978-3-319-96080-7 (ISBN)
Conference
The 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018)
Available from: 2018-09-13 Created: 2018-09-13 Last updated: 2019-08-29Bibliographically approved
Rose, L. M. & Österman, C. (2019). Developing an International Master’s Programme in Ergonomics at a Technical University in Sweden. In: Bagnara S., Tartaglia R., Albolino S., Alexander T., Fujita Y. (Ed.), Proceedings of the 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018): . Paper presented at The 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018) (pp. 429-436). Cham: Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Developing an International Master’s Programme in Ergonomics at a Technical University in Sweden
2019 (English)In: Proceedings of the 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018) / [ed] Bagnara S., Tartaglia R., Albolino S., Alexander T., Fujita Y., Cham: Springer, 2019, p. 429-436Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The objective of this paper is to present the rationale for, and the development process of, a new international master’s programme in Ergonomics, here framed as ‘Technology, Work and Health’, at KTH, Royal Institute of Technology in Sweden. The masters’ programme is designed for two years of full-time studies (120 credits).

A challenge during this development process, has been to decide not only what to include in the programme, but also what to exclude. The systems-oriented discipline of ergonomics now covers all aspects of human work. Thus, two tracks of specialization are offered: Work Environment Engineering (WEE) and Human Factors and Ergonomics (HFE).

The programme is given for the first time in the autumn 2018. After the first year it is necessary to evaluate the programme from student and teacher perspectives, to capture effects and improvement possibilities. Naturally, this evaluation includes the usual course evaluations that are done during and after each course. But also, from a recruiting perspective, when we now how many students, from where, and of which background that eventually were awarded a MSc degree. Finally, a programme review with an emphasis on outcomes is essential to establish that the programme meets academic standards, professional discipline expectations among employers of the graduates, and student expectations and satisfaction. The results from this review will provide the incentive for necessary major and minor changes to maintain an up-to-date and high-quality curriculum in a discipline that continues to evolve.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Springer, 2019
Series
Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, E-ISSN 2194-5365 ; 821
Keywords
Learning outcomes; teaching; Blended learning
National Category
Pedagogy Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Shipping, Maritime Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-77669 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-96080-7_51 (DOI)978-3-319-96080-7 (ISBN)978-3-319-96079-1 (ISBN)
Conference
The 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018)
Available from: 2018-09-10 Created: 2018-09-10 Last updated: 2018-09-11Bibliographically approved
Glimne, S. & Österman, C. (2019). Eye symptoms and reading abilities of computer users subjected to visually impaired direct glare. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 72, 173-179
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Eye symptoms and reading abilities of computer users subjected to visually impaired direct glare
2019 (English)In: International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, ISSN 0169-8141, E-ISSN 1872-8219, Vol. 72, p. 173-179Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Computer work is a visually demanding task associated with adverse eye symptoms. Frequent use of digitaldisplays is known to cause a deterioration of the so-called binocular control. Direct glare further reduces thecapacity for binocular coordination during computer work, leading to reduced reading ability and increased eyesymptoms.The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of different luminance levels of direct glare on binoculareye movement control and reading ability in a computer work environment.Sixteen participants with normal binocular vision performed equal reading tasks in a balanced study. Threecontrolled lighting conditions of direct glare (2000, 4000 and 6000 cd/m2) were tested, in addition to no glare.After each trial, the participants answered survey questionnaires regarding their understanding of the text, aswell as their subjective experience of workload and perceived vision. Horizontal fixation disparity (FD) wasmeasured before and after the reading tasks to evaluate binocular eye movement control.When comparing the responses of visual experience, a significant difference in reported eye symptoms wasfound between lighting conditions. Based on the variation (SD), a significant difference was found within meanvalues of repeated measurements of horizontal FD and a significantly higher variation in a comparison of initialFD values measured during lighting conditions of no glare, to final measured values in all three glare conditions.Reading ability was found to be significantly negative affected with the adversity of lighting conditions.This study supports the contention that binocular eye movement control is reduced caused by direct glare.Even lower degree of disability glare caused eye symptoms. The results establish the argument that working withflat screens raises visual demands.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
Visual ergonomics, Discomfort glare, Disability glare, Visual fatigue, Reading performance, Mental fatigue
National Category
Ophthalmology Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Natural Science, Optometry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-83398 (URN)10.1016/j.ergon.2019.05.005 (DOI)000482508600017 ()2-s2.0-85065866875 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-05-25 Created: 2019-05-25 Last updated: 2019-09-25Bibliographically approved
Praetorius, G., Österman, C. & Hult, C. (2019). Have a Healthy Lifestyle or Organize Work: Creating Healthy Shipboard Work Environments. In: Bagnara S., Tartaglia R., Albolino S., Alexander T., Fujita Y. (Ed.), Proceedings of the 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018): Volume VI: Transport Ergonomics and Human Factors (TEHF), Aerospace Human Factors and Ergonomics. Paper presented at 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018) (pp. 455-464). Paper presented at 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018). Cham: Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Have a Healthy Lifestyle or Organize Work: Creating Healthy Shipboard Work Environments
2019 (English)In: Proceedings of the 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018): Volume VI: Transport Ergonomics and Human Factors (TEHF), Aerospace Human Factors and Ergonomics / [ed] Bagnara S., Tartaglia R., Albolino S., Alexander T., Fujita Y., Cham: Springer, 2019, p. 455-464Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper presents findings from a study concerning the work environment on board Swedish passenger vessels. The study explored workrelated experiences of personnel in the service department (hotel, restaurant, catering, shops) based on individual and group interviews, observations, survey data and social insurance statistics concerning sick leave longer than 60 days. The results of this paper are based on ten semi-structured individual and group interviews with 16 respondents. The respondents were HR personnel from six shipping companies and crewmembers working onboard. The results show that in the HR personnel’s perception, healthy work environments are often associated to individual personal health activities, such as access to a gym or healthcare, lectures or other measures directed towards the individual seafarer. Aspects of the organizational and social work environments were barely mentioned as stressors or as contributing factors to an increasing number of sick absences. The interviewed crewmembers, however, highlighted the need for both organizational and social measures to foster healthy work environments. The need for employee participation within the organizational design and decision-making processes, including methods on how to conduct risk assessments prior to physical and organizational changes and follow up their consequences were emphasized. Thus, to create safe and sustainable work environments on board, more attention needs to be directed towards including shipboard personnel in the physical and organizational design of their own work environment rather than promoting a healthy lifestyle through measures directed towards the individual worker.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Springer, 2019
Series
Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, ISSN 2194-5357, E-ISSN 2194-5365 ; 819
Keywords
Participatory ergonomics, Occupational safety and health, Employee participation
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Shipping, Maritime Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-77701 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-96089-0_49 (DOI)2-s2.0-85051806920 (Scopus ID)978-3-319-96088-3 (ISBN)
Conference
20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018)
Available from: 2018-09-13 Created: 2018-09-13 Last updated: 2020-02-18Bibliographically approved
Österman, C. & Glimne, S. (2019). Multi-method approach for evaluating visual conditions incontrol room environments. In: Broberg, O. & Seim, R. (Ed.), Proceedings of the 50th Nordic Ergonomics and Human Factors Society Conference: . Paper presented at The 50th Nordic Ergonomics and Human Factors Society Conference. Future Work: Digitalisation and Innovation, Elsinore, Denmark, 25-28 August 2019 (pp. 184-192). Kongens Lyngby: DTU Management, Technical University of Denmark
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Multi-method approach for evaluating visual conditions incontrol room environments
2019 (English)In: Proceedings of the 50th Nordic Ergonomics and Human Factors Society Conference / [ed] Broberg, O. & Seim, R., Kongens Lyngby: DTU Management, Technical University of Denmark , 2019, p. 184-192Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

With increased automation and implementation of information and communicationtechnology in occupational settings, more people are working in control room environments across various sectors. The work often involves continuous visual assessments of several screens. Poor visual conditions can cause eye-related problems and musculoskeletal disorders.The purpose of this paper is to describe and discuss the rationale for, and the procedures of, a methodological approach for evaluating visual conditions in control room environments. The paper draws from experiences gained at four field studies in Sweden, where 13 different control rooms have been assessed and involving 30 control room operators. The multi-methodapproach produces a comprehensive and contextualized understanding of the visual requirements, as well as of the operators’ perceived work load, visual experience and eyerelatedhealth. The experiences support the relevance of providing an optimized visual environment when designing control room work for a safe, sustainable and inclusive working life.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Kongens Lyngby: DTU Management, Technical University of Denmark, 2019
Keywords
Visual ergonomics, visual assessmant, glare
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Shipping, Maritime Science; Design; Natural Science, Optometry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-89909 (URN)10.11581/dtu:00000061 (DOI)
Conference
The 50th Nordic Ergonomics and Human Factors Society Conference. Future Work: Digitalisation and Innovation, Elsinore, Denmark, 25-28 August 2019
Available from: 2019-11-05 Created: 2019-11-05 Last updated: 2019-11-12Bibliographically approved
Glimne, S., Brautaset, R. & Österman, C. (2019). Visual Ergonomics in Control Room Environments: A Case Study from a Swedish Paper Mill. In: Bagnara S., Tartaglia R., Albolino S., Alexander T., Fujita Y. (Ed.), Proceedings of the 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018): . Paper presented at The 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018) (pp. 180-189). Cham: Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Visual Ergonomics in Control Room Environments: A Case Study from a Swedish Paper Mill
2019 (English)In: Proceedings of the 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018) / [ed] Bagnara S., Tartaglia R., Albolino S., Alexander T., Fujita Y., Cham: Springer, 2019, p. 180-189Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper presents results from a case study at a Swedish papermill. The study is part of a larger ongoing research project aiming to investigatevisual ergonomics in control room environments. Visual conditions were measuredand evaluated in five control rooms, and nine process operators answeredquestions about perceived workload and visual experience.The participating operators rated their mental workload as being the highest,but also mentioned a high physical load and time pressure. Six operators indicatedthat they had work-related eye problems and experienced pronounced eyefatigue, as well as eye discomfort, sore eyes and blurred vision.In one of the visited control rooms, where the operators indicated that theyoften experienced eye problems, the operators were clearly subjected to glare.Light was reflected within the field of view from a steel plate outside the controlroom windows. Compared to recommendations for office workplaces, the illuminancelevels were low in all control rooms except one, causing contrast glaresince computer screens generally had a higher luminance. Low contrasts werealso identified in the computer screens between background and characters. In conclusion, the measured visual conditions could be related to an increasedvisual load, leading to visual discomfort. This may lead to pain in the neck, shoulders, and contribute towards an unnecessary high mental load. Recommendations are suggested of how lighting conditions van be improved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Springer, 2019
Series
Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, E-ISSN 2194-5365 ; 821
Keywords
Visual demands, Contrast glare, Lighting design
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-77710 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-96059-3_20 (DOI)2-s2.0-85051827109 (Scopus ID)978-3-319-96079-1 (ISBN)978-3-319-96080-7 (ISBN)
Conference
The 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018)
Funder
AFA Insurance, 160255
Available from: 2018-09-13 Created: 2018-09-13 Last updated: 2019-08-29Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-2942-1584

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