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Österman, C., Hult, C. & Praetorius, G. (2020). Occupational safety and health for service crew on passenger ships. Safety Science, 121, 403-413
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Occupational safety and health for service crew on passenger ships
2020 (English)In: Safety Science, ISSN 0925-7535, E-ISSN 1879-1042, Vol. 121, p. 403-413Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The service crew is a vital part of the customer experience on board passenger ships, but also has important duties in the safety organization in case of emergencies. Yet, they are not always recognized as seafarers and have received less attention in research that addresses occupational safety and health in the maritime domain.

This study explores the occupational safety and health for the service crew working on Swedish passenger ships.The purpose is to analyze causes of work-related ill-health, investigate and identify important aspects of the physical, organizational and social working conditions. The study has adopted a mixed methods approach, including survey questionnaires, register data on reported long-term sick leave, and field visits on board.

Key findings show that service crew on passenger ships report the highest levels of perceived exertion. They also have the highest rates of long-term sick leave lasting 60 days or more. Most diagnoses are related to musculoskeletal and psychological disorders. Important factors in the shipboard work environment include high physical load and strenuous working postures, poor workplace design, long working hours, limited time for recovery, and the perceived mental and emotional load that comes with unclear boundaries between work and recreation and the social interaction with customers and colleagues. The most prominent health promotive factors to reduce the perceived exertion are appropriate manning, time to rest, working with managers that attend to problems and experiencing good working relations with other departments on board.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2020
Keywords
Work environment, Sick leave, Musculoskeletal disorders, Mental health, Exertion, Seafarers
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Shipping, Maritime Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-89376 (URN)10.1016/j.ssci.2019.09.024 (DOI)
Funder
The Swedish Mercantile Marine Foundation
Available from: 2019-10-01 Created: 2019-10-01 Last updated: 2019-11-12Bibliographically approved
Österman, C., Osvalder, A.-L., Hemphälä, H., Frohm, J., Glimne, S., Hägg, G. M., . . . Ahlin, J. (2019). Conceptual and Practical Strategy Work to Promote Ergonomics/Human Factors in Sweden. In: Bagnara S., Tartaglia R., Albolino S., Alexander T., Fujita Y. (Ed.), Proceedings of the 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018): . Paper presented at The 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018) (pp. 320-329). Cham: Springer, 4
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Conceptual and Practical Strategy Work to Promote Ergonomics/Human Factors in Sweden
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2019 (English)In: Proceedings of the 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018) / [ed] Bagnara S., Tartaglia R., Albolino S., Alexander T., Fujita Y., Cham: Springer, 2019, Vol. 4, p. 320-329Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper describes the results of the conceptual and practical strategy work performed by the Swedish Ergonomics and Human Factors Society (EHSS) today. The rationale of EHSS is to strengthen the quality of ergonomics/human factors knowledge and practice in Sweden and form a multidisciplinary platform across disciplines and professions for collaboration and for knowledge sharing. EHSS gathers about 350 members, representing different occupations in industry, academia and the public sector. Together,EHSS members hold knowledge and experience in physical, cognitive andorganizational ergonomics and its application in working life and society. The overall aim of this paper is to inspire related societies and stakeholders to initiate discussions about strategies and future projects that allow for collaborationa nd knowledge sharing. Proposedly follow the EHSS model where we have formed a multidisciplinary platform for collaboration across disciplinesand professions. The activities initiated and supported by EHSS are one steptowards broadening the knowledge and application of HFE in Sweden, and to comprise new arenas of specialization. By participating in the key areas in society such as teaching, standardization, product development and occupationalsafety and health, the work of EHSS is one piece of the puzzle to improvehuman activities in the future. The vision is that together, we can improve safety, efficiency and well-being for all.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Springer, 2019
Series
Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, E-ISSN 2194-5365 ; 821
Keywords
Future of ergonomics, Knowledge sharing, Design for all
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Shipping, Maritime Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-77712 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-96080-7_37 (DOI)2-s2.0-85051743943 (Scopus ID)978-3-319-96079-1 (ISBN)978-3-319-96080-7 (ISBN)
Conference
The 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018)
Available from: 2018-09-13 Created: 2018-09-13 Last updated: 2019-08-29Bibliographically approved
Rose, L. M. & Österman, C. (2019). Developing an International Master’s Programme in Ergonomics at a Technical University in Sweden. In: Bagnara S., Tartaglia R., Albolino S., Alexander T., Fujita Y. (Ed.), Proceedings of the 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018): . Paper presented at The 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018) (pp. 429-436). Cham: Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Developing an International Master’s Programme in Ergonomics at a Technical University in Sweden
2019 (English)In: Proceedings of the 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018) / [ed] Bagnara S., Tartaglia R., Albolino S., Alexander T., Fujita Y., Cham: Springer, 2019, p. 429-436Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The objective of this paper is to present the rationale for, and the development process of, a new international master’s programme in Ergonomics, here framed as ‘Technology, Work and Health’, at KTH, Royal Institute of Technology in Sweden. The masters’ programme is designed for two years of full-time studies (120 credits).

A challenge during this development process, has been to decide not only what to include in the programme, but also what to exclude. The systems-oriented discipline of ergonomics now covers all aspects of human work. Thus, two tracks of specialization are offered: Work Environment Engineering (WEE) and Human Factors and Ergonomics (HFE).

The programme is given for the first time in the autumn 2018. After the first year it is necessary to evaluate the programme from student and teacher perspectives, to capture effects and improvement possibilities. Naturally, this evaluation includes the usual course evaluations that are done during and after each course. But also, from a recruiting perspective, when we now how many students, from where, and of which background that eventually were awarded a MSc degree. Finally, a programme review with an emphasis on outcomes is essential to establish that the programme meets academic standards, professional discipline expectations among employers of the graduates, and student expectations and satisfaction. The results from this review will provide the incentive for necessary major and minor changes to maintain an up-to-date and high-quality curriculum in a discipline that continues to evolve.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Springer, 2019
Series
Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, E-ISSN 2194-5365 ; 821
Keywords
Learning outcomes; teaching; Blended learning
National Category
Pedagogy Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Shipping, Maritime Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-77669 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-96080-7_51 (DOI)978-3-319-96080-7 (ISBN)978-3-319-96079-1 (ISBN)
Conference
The 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018)
Available from: 2018-09-10 Created: 2018-09-10 Last updated: 2018-09-11Bibliographically approved
Glimne, S. & Österman, C. (2019). Eye symptoms and reading abilities of computer users subjected to visually impaired direct glare. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 72, 173-179
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Eye symptoms and reading abilities of computer users subjected to visually impaired direct glare
2019 (English)In: International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, ISSN 0169-8141, E-ISSN 1872-8219, Vol. 72, p. 173-179Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Computer work is a visually demanding task associated with adverse eye symptoms. Frequent use of digitaldisplays is known to cause a deterioration of the so-called binocular control. Direct glare further reduces thecapacity for binocular coordination during computer work, leading to reduced reading ability and increased eyesymptoms.The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of different luminance levels of direct glare on binoculareye movement control and reading ability in a computer work environment.Sixteen participants with normal binocular vision performed equal reading tasks in a balanced study. Threecontrolled lighting conditions of direct glare (2000, 4000 and 6000 cd/m2) were tested, in addition to no glare.After each trial, the participants answered survey questionnaires regarding their understanding of the text, aswell as their subjective experience of workload and perceived vision. Horizontal fixation disparity (FD) wasmeasured before and after the reading tasks to evaluate binocular eye movement control.When comparing the responses of visual experience, a significant difference in reported eye symptoms wasfound between lighting conditions. Based on the variation (SD), a significant difference was found within meanvalues of repeated measurements of horizontal FD and a significantly higher variation in a comparison of initialFD values measured during lighting conditions of no glare, to final measured values in all three glare conditions.Reading ability was found to be significantly negative affected with the adversity of lighting conditions.This study supports the contention that binocular eye movement control is reduced caused by direct glare.Even lower degree of disability glare caused eye symptoms. The results establish the argument that working withflat screens raises visual demands.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
Visual ergonomics, Discomfort glare, Disability glare, Visual fatigue, Reading performance, Mental fatigue
National Category
Ophthalmology Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Natural Science, Optometry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-83398 (URN)10.1016/j.ergon.2019.05.005 (DOI)000482508600017 ()2-s2.0-85065866875 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-05-25 Created: 2019-05-25 Last updated: 2019-09-25Bibliographically approved
Praetorius, G., Österman, C. & Hult, C. (2019). Have a Healthy Lifestyle or Organize Work: Creating Healthy Shipboard Work Environments. In: Bagnara S., Tartaglia R., Albolino S., Alexander T., Fujita Y. (Ed.), Proceedings of the 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018): Volume VI: Transport Ergonomics and Human Factors (TEHF), Aerospace Human Factors and Ergonomics. Paper presented at 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018) (pp. 455-464). Paper presented at 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018). Cham: Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Have a Healthy Lifestyle or Organize Work: Creating Healthy Shipboard Work Environments
2019 (English)In: Proceedings of the 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018): Volume VI: Transport Ergonomics and Human Factors (TEHF), Aerospace Human Factors and Ergonomics / [ed] Bagnara S., Tartaglia R., Albolino S., Alexander T., Fujita Y., Cham: Springer, 2019, p. 455-464Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper presents findings from a study concerning the work environment on board Swedish passenger vessels. The study explored workrelated experiences of personnel in the service department (hotel, restaurant, catering, shops) based on individual and group interviews, observations, survey data and social insurance statistics concerning sick leave longer than 60 days. The results of this paper are based on ten semi-structured individual and group interviews with 16 respondents. The respondents were HR personnel from six shipping companies and crewmembers working onboard. The results show that in the HR personnel’s perception, healthy work environments are often associated to individual personal health activities, such as access to a gym or healthcare, lectures or other measures directed towards the individual seafarer. Aspects of the organizational and social work environments were barely mentioned as stressors or as contributing factors to an increasing number of sick absences. The interviewed crewmembers, however, highlighted the need for both organizational and social measures to foster healthy work environments. The need for employee participation within the organizational design and decision-making processes, including methods on how to conduct risk assessments prior to physical and organizational changes and follow up their consequences were emphasized. Thus, to create safe and sustainable work environments on board, more attention needs to be directed towards including shipboard personnel in the physical and organizational design of their own work environment rather than promoting a healthy lifestyle through measures directed towards the individual worker.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Springer, 2019
Series
Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, ISSN 2012 - 2019 ; 819
Keywords
Participatory ergonomics, Occupational safety and health, Employee participation
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Shipping, Maritime Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-77701 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-96089-0_49 (DOI)2-s2.0-85051806920 (Scopus ID)978-3-319-96088-3 (ISBN)
Conference
20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018)
Available from: 2018-09-13 Created: 2018-09-13 Last updated: 2019-08-29Bibliographically approved
Österman, C. & Glimne, S. (2019). Multi-method approach for evaluating visual conditions incontrol room environments. In: Broberg, O. & Seim, R. (Ed.), Proceedings of the 50th Nordic Ergonomics and Human Factors Society Conference: . Paper presented at The 50th Nordic Ergonomics and Human Factors Society Conference. Future Work: Digitalisation and Innovation, Elsinore, Denmark, 25-28 August 2019 (pp. 184-192). Kongens Lyngby: DTU Management, Technical University of Denmark
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Multi-method approach for evaluating visual conditions incontrol room environments
2019 (English)In: Proceedings of the 50th Nordic Ergonomics and Human Factors Society Conference / [ed] Broberg, O. & Seim, R., Kongens Lyngby: DTU Management, Technical University of Denmark , 2019, p. 184-192Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

With increased automation and implementation of information and communicationtechnology in occupational settings, more people are working in control room environments across various sectors. The work often involves continuous visual assessments of several screens. Poor visual conditions can cause eye-related problems and musculoskeletal disorders.The purpose of this paper is to describe and discuss the rationale for, and the procedures of, a methodological approach for evaluating visual conditions in control room environments. The paper draws from experiences gained at four field studies in Sweden, where 13 different control rooms have been assessed and involving 30 control room operators. The multi-methodapproach produces a comprehensive and contextualized understanding of the visual requirements, as well as of the operators’ perceived work load, visual experience and eyerelatedhealth. The experiences support the relevance of providing an optimized visual environment when designing control room work for a safe, sustainable and inclusive working life.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Kongens Lyngby: DTU Management, Technical University of Denmark, 2019
Keywords
Visual ergonomics, visual assessmant, glare
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Shipping, Maritime Science; Design; Natural Science, Optometry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-89909 (URN)10.11581/dtu:00000061 (DOI)
Conference
The 50th Nordic Ergonomics and Human Factors Society Conference. Future Work: Digitalisation and Innovation, Elsinore, Denmark, 25-28 August 2019
Available from: 2019-11-05 Created: 2019-11-05 Last updated: 2019-11-12Bibliographically approved
Glimne, S., Brautaset, R. & Österman, C. (2019). Visual Ergonomics in Control Room Environments: A Case Study from a Swedish Paper Mill. In: Bagnara S., Tartaglia R., Albolino S., Alexander T., Fujita Y. (Ed.), Proceedings of the 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018): . Paper presented at The 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018) (pp. 180-189). Cham: Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Visual Ergonomics in Control Room Environments: A Case Study from a Swedish Paper Mill
2019 (English)In: Proceedings of the 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018) / [ed] Bagnara S., Tartaglia R., Albolino S., Alexander T., Fujita Y., Cham: Springer, 2019, p. 180-189Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper presents results from a case study at a Swedish papermill. The study is part of a larger ongoing research project aiming to investigatevisual ergonomics in control room environments. Visual conditions were measuredand evaluated in five control rooms, and nine process operators answeredquestions about perceived workload and visual experience.The participating operators rated their mental workload as being the highest,but also mentioned a high physical load and time pressure. Six operators indicatedthat they had work-related eye problems and experienced pronounced eyefatigue, as well as eye discomfort, sore eyes and blurred vision.In one of the visited control rooms, where the operators indicated that theyoften experienced eye problems, the operators were clearly subjected to glare.Light was reflected within the field of view from a steel plate outside the controlroom windows. Compared to recommendations for office workplaces, the illuminancelevels were low in all control rooms except one, causing contrast glaresince computer screens generally had a higher luminance. Low contrasts werealso identified in the computer screens between background and characters. In conclusion, the measured visual conditions could be related to an increasedvisual load, leading to visual discomfort. This may lead to pain in the neck, shoulders, and contribute towards an unnecessary high mental load. Recommendations are suggested of how lighting conditions van be improved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Springer, 2019
Series
Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, E-ISSN 2194-5365 ; 821
Keywords
Visual demands, Contrast glare, Lighting design
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-77710 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-96059-3_20 (DOI)2-s2.0-85051827109 (Scopus ID)978-3-319-96079-1 (ISBN)978-3-319-96080-7 (ISBN)
Conference
The 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018)
Funder
AFA Insurance, 160255
Available from: 2018-09-13 Created: 2018-09-13 Last updated: 2019-08-29Bibliographically approved
Langer, S., Österman, C., Strandberg, B. & Fridén, H. (2018). Riskbedömning av svenska sjömäns yrkesmässiga exponering för toxiska luftföroreningar: Mätningar och enkätundersökning. Stockholm: IVL Svenska Miljöinstitutet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Riskbedömning av svenska sjömäns yrkesmässiga exponering för toxiska luftföroreningar: Mätningar och enkätundersökning
2018 (Swedish)Report (Refereed)
Abstract [sv]

Ett fartyg utgör både en arbetsmiljö och en boendemiljö och besättningen vistas ofta långa tider ombord. Ombordtjänstgöringen kan vara i veckor eller månader och kan ibland passera flera klimat­zoner. Eftersom vi tillbringar den största delen av vår tid inomhus är det där vi främst exponeras. På ett fartyg kan det vara svårt att påverka sin exponering för kemiska ämnen eftersom möjligheten att byta miljö är liten. Det är därför extra viktigt att innemiljön är god.

Luften ombord präglas till stor del av de kemiska ämnen som har sitt ursprung i fartygets bränsle, smörjoljor och motoravgaser. Det är en komplicerad blandning som innehåller mest koldioxid, kol­monoxid, svaveldioxid, kväveoxider men också kolväten såsom bensen, toluen, xylener, och poly­cykliska aromatiska kolväten. Flera av dessa ämnen är cancerframkallande eller hälsoskadliga på annat sätt. Det finns dock få vetenskapliga studier som undersökt den personliga exponeringen för farliga luftföroreningar som de sjömän som arbetar ombord utsätts för.

Syftet med projektet som presenteras i denna rapport var att kartlägga den personliga exponeringen för de toxiska luftföroreningarna bensen, kvävedioxid (NO2) och polycykliska aromatiska kolväten (PAH) som alla kan spåras till fartygs-bränslet och bränsleavgaser. Den uppmätta exponeringen har analyserats för att kunna identifiera eventuella skillnader mellan typ av fartyg och mellan olika avdelningar och befattningar ombord. De uppmätta halterna har jämförts med svenska lagkrav men också med internationella, icke bindande riktlinjer för innemiljöer, för att få en uppfattning om halternas storlek. Dessutom har vi undersökt hur besättningen själva upplever sin luftkvalitet ombord. Projektets övergripande mål var att utveckla en metod för riskbedömning av exponeringen som kan användas av branschen, samt att formulera praktiska råd och rekommendationer.

Den personliga exponeringen har mätts med passiva diffusionsprovtagare som burits i andnings­zonen av personer som arbetar ombord. Totalt har vi resultat från 124 personer på 11 olika fartyg med olika typ av framdrivningsmaskineri och som går på olika bränslen. En enkät med frågor om upplevd luftkvalitet på arbetsplatsen och i hytten har delats ut till alla personer i besättningen på de besökta fartygen. Enkäten har besvarats av totalt 308 personer viket motsvarar en svarsfrekvens på 78%.

Resultaten visar att samtliga uppmätta personliga exponeringar låg långt under Arbetsmiljöverkets hygieniska gränsvärden som också gäller svenskflaggade fartyg genom Transportstyrelsens föreskrifter. En del personer har exponerats för halter i nivå med och i vissa fall något över Världshälsoorganisationens hälsobaserade rekommenderade riktvärden för innemiljöer. Dessa riktvärden är dock satta för innemiljöer utan industriell verksamhet och med tanke på att barn, sjuka och äldre kan vistas i sådana innemiljöer under en längre tid. Även om fartyget utgör en boendemiljö för de som arbetar ombord, så kan besättningen förväntas ut­göras av friska personer i arbetsför ålder. Däremot pekar resultatet på vikten av att arbeta system­atiskt med att minimera exponeringen för farliga luftföroreningar så långt som det är möjligt. Världshälsoorganisationen menar att det inte finns säkra halter av bensen och benso(a)pyren. Därför kan de arbetsuppgifter som innebär en något högre exponering för dessa farliga ämnen behöva riskbedömas särskilt, till exempel sådana som innebär kontakt med bränslen, smörjoljor, hydrauloljor eller andra kemikalier, eller exponering för fordonsavgaser eller stekos.

En jämförelse av hela besättningens exponering på de olika fartygen visade att det fanns skillnader både mellan fartyg och inom fartyg. Här har multivariata analyser av resultaten gett en sammansatt bild av exponeringen och bekräftar individuella ämnen. Fartygets funktion och bränsle är indikativa determinanter för exponeringens storlek. Fartyg som fraktar marint bränsle och de som drivs på tjockolja uppvisar högre exponeringsgrad än andra typer av fartyg.

Vid en jämförelse mellan befattning och avdelning ser vi att maskinmanskap generellt har högst upp­mätta halter, följt av personal inom däcksavdelningen och intendenturen som har lägst halter. Vid en jämförelse av resultaten för befäl och manskap på alla fartyg ser vi ingen skillnad i exponering.

Resultaten av enkätundersökningen visar att luftkvaliteten i stort upplevs som acceptabel. När vi bryter ner resultaten per avdelning ser vi att driftpersonalen, däck- och maskinavdelningarna, är mer nöjda med sin luftkvalitet än intendenturen. Skillnaden mellan avdelningarna syns också när det gäller luktens intensitet, där däck- och maskinavdelningarna upplever liten till måttlig lukt på sin arbetsplats och i sin hytt och intendenturpersonalen upplever en starkare lukt på sin arbetsplats, från måttlig till stark lukt.

Exponering för mer än ett ämne med liknande effekt innebär en så kallad additiv, hygienisk effekt. Ett kumulativt riskindex har därför tagits fram utifrån summan av kvoterna mellan uppmätt halt för ämnena NO2, bensen, benso(a)pyren och naftalen och deras respektive hälsobaserade riktvärde fram­taget av Världshälsoorganisationen. Detta riskindex har använts för att jämföra exponeringen med normalbefolkningen i Sverige, samt för att identifiera skillnader mellan fartyg, befattningar och avdelningar. Kumulativt riskindex kan användas för riskbedömningar av arbeten och arbetsuppgifter med syfte att eliminera och minimera kända exponeringar så långt som möjligt.

Åtgärder för att minska den personliga exponeringen kan vara både tekniska och organisatoriska. Det är viktigt att säkerställa en god allmänventilation för såväl arbetsplatser som hytter. Vissa utrymmen kan behöva särskilda utsug, såsom arbetsplatser för svetsning och maskinbearbetning, rengöring av motordelar, blandning av färg, över stekbord i köket och liknande, för att fånga upp luftföroreningar nära källan. Alternativt kan befintliga utsug behöva förbättras. Det är också viktigt att ha bra rutiner för rengöring och underhåll av arbetsutrustning och ventilationsanläggningar. Organisatoriska åtgärder kan vara att planera och fördela arbetet för att minska exponeringen för den enskilde individen genom arbetsrotation, arbetsväxling och möjligheter till paus i utrymme med lägre exponering.

De skillnader i upplevelsen av luftens kvalitet som ses mellan avdelningarna kan dels förklaras av olika typer av arbetsuppgifter och exponeringar som personalen inom de respektive avdelningarna har men upplevelsen styrs också av psykosociala arbetsmiljöfaktorer som hög arbetsbelastning, höga krav i arbetet och liten möjlighet att själv kunna påverka sin arbetssituation, samt lågt socialt stöd och låg arbetstillfredsställelse. Här kan helt andra typer av arbetsmiljöåtgärder behöva diskuteras för att öka upplevelsen av inflytande, delaktighet och stöd i arbetet.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: IVL Svenska Miljöinstitutet, 2018. p. 61
Keywords
Kemiska arbetsmiljörisker, arbetsmiljö, sjöfart, sjömän, yrkeshygien, luftföroreningar, personlig exponering, riskbedömning
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Shipping, Maritime Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-78003 (URN)978-91-88787-69-9 (ISBN)
Projects
RISSYL
Funder
The Swedish Mercantile Marine Foundation
Note

Rapportnummer B2308

Available from: 2018-09-25 Created: 2018-09-25 Last updated: 2018-09-25Bibliographically approved
Österman, C., Hult, C., Praetorius, G. & Lindblad, M. (2018). Sjukt kul jobb.: Servicepersonalens arbetsmiljö, sjukskrivningar och arbetstillfredsställelse på passagerarfartyg. Kalmar: Sjöfartshögskolan, Linnéuniversitetet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sjukt kul jobb.: Servicepersonalens arbetsmiljö, sjukskrivningar och arbetstillfredsställelse på passagerarfartyg
2018 (Swedish)Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [sv]

Stundtals tufft men ändå givande. Så skulle arbetssituationen kunna sammanfattas för de som jobbar inom intendenturen med service och försäljning till gäster på passagerarfartyg. Många arbetsmoment innebär hög fysisk och mental arbetsbelastning med liten möjlighet att själv kunna påverka sina arbetsförhållanden. Men trots att servicepersonalen är överrepresenterade bland de långa sjukskrivningarna är det en motiverad arbetsgrupp med hög arbetstillfredsställelse. I den här rapporten sammanställer vi några av de viktigaste resultaten från forskningsprojektet Intendenturpersonalens arbetsmiljö som genomfördes vid Sjöfartshögskolan, Linnéuniversitetet under åren 2015–2017. Både projektet och den här rapporten har finansierats av Stiftelsen Sveriges Sjömanshus.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Kalmar: Sjöfartshögskolan, Linnéuniversitetet, 2018. p. 43
Keywords
Arbetsmiljö, ohälsa, arbetstillfredsställelse, arbetsmotivation, sjukskrivningar, sjöfart, passagerarfartyg, intendentupersonal, servicepersonal
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Shipping, Maritime Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-75375 (URN)9789188761712 (ISBN)9789188761729 (ISBN)
Projects
Intendenturpersonalens arbetsmiljö
Funder
The Swedish Mercantile Marine Foundation
Available from: 2018-06-08 Created: 2018-06-08 Last updated: 2018-07-20Bibliographically approved
Praetorius, G., Österman, C. & Hult, C. (2018). Strategies and measures to improve the work environment of service crew on board Swedish passenger vessel. TransNav, International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation, 12(3), 587-595
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Strategies and measures to improve the work environment of service crew on board Swedish passenger vessel
2018 (English)In: TransNav, International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation, ISSN 2083-6473, E-ISSN 2083-6481, Vol. 12, no 3, p. 587-595Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper presents findings from three workshops focused on the physical, organizational and social work environment of service crew working on board Swedish passenger vessels. The first workshop aimed to identify underlying causes of long‐term sick leave among employees in the service department, and potential measures that can be taken to reduce ill‐health. The second and third workshop explored knowledge of available methods to identify occupational safety and health risks, and suggest health‐promotion strategies at individual, team and company levels. A total of 58 persons from the Swedish maritime cluster participated in the workshops. During the workshops, open and structured brainstorming was used to create affinity diagrams to systematically summarize the identified causes, risks and strategies. Although the results presented in this article stem from a research project focused on Swedish passenger vessels, many of the findings may be transferable to an international maritime setting towards a deeper understanding of seafarers’ work environment and working conditions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Gdynia: TransNav, Faculty of Navigation, Gdynia Maritime University, 2018
Keywords
Passenger vessels, Service crew, Swedish vessels, Swedish maritime cluster, Swedish passenger vessels, Seafarers, Swedish, Rapid Upper Limb Assessment (RULA), Seafarers' work
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Shipping, Maritime Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-78712 (URN)10.12716/1001.12.03.19 (DOI)000449304700019 ()
Funder
The Swedish Mercantile Marine Foundation
Available from: 2018-11-06 Created: 2018-11-06 Last updated: 2019-01-16Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-2942-1584

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