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Farjam, M., Nikolaychuk, O. & Bravo, G. (2019). Experimental evidence of an attitude-behaviour gap forclimate change mitigation in high cost conditions. In: : . Paper presented at Presented at 6th International Meeting on Experimental and Behavioral Social Sciences (IMEBESS), Utrecht, May 2-4, 2019..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Experimental evidence of an attitude-behaviour gap forclimate change mitigation in high cost conditions
2019 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

An established research result is that people's environmental attitudes only loosely translate into actions effectively reducing their environmental impact, something known as the attitude-behaviour gap. On the other hand, correct information and environmental education are often considered a key to promote sustainability, which raises the question of when attitudes can actually work as a lever to promote environmental objectives and, conversely, when other factors have a better chance to succeed. To answer these questions, we tested the effect of environmental attitudes in an online experiment with real money at stake and real-world climate mitigation consequences. We found that environmental attitudes mainly affected behaviour in a low cost situation, while their effect was reduced when the stakes were higher. This finding is consistent with the low cost hypothesis of environmental behaviour and has important consequences for the shaping of more effective climate policies in a democratic context.

Keywords
environmental behaviour, low-cost hypothesis, climate change, collective-risk social dilemma
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-82569 (URN)
Conference
Presented at 6th International Meeting on Experimental and Behavioral Social Sciences (IMEBESS), Utrecht, May 2-4, 2019.
Available from: 2019-05-15 Created: 2019-05-15 Last updated: 2019-06-26
Farjam, M., Nikolaychuk, O. & Bravo, G. (2019). Investing into climate change mitigation despite the risk of failure. Climatic Change, 154(3-4), 453-460
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Investing into climate change mitigation despite the risk of failure
2019 (English)In: Climatic Change, ISSN 0165-0009, E-ISSN 1573-1480, Vol. 154, no 3-4, p. 453-460Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In order to convince both policy makers and the general public to engage in climate change mitigation activities, it is crucial to communicate the inherent risks in an effective way. Due to the complexity of the system, mitigation activities cannot completely rule out the possibility of the climate reaching a dangerous tipping point but can only reduce it to some unavoidable residual risk level. We present an online experiment based on a sample of US citizens and designed to improve our understanding of how the presence of such residual risk affects the willingness to invest into climate change mitigation. We found that, far from reducing them, the presence of residual risk actually increases investments into mitigation activities. This result suggests that scientists and policy makers should consider being more transparent about communicating the residual risks entailed by such initiatives.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2019
National Category
Climate Research
Research subject
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-82572 (URN)10.1007/s10584-019-02454-1 (DOI)000472894800010 ()
Available from: 2019-05-15 Created: 2019-05-15 Last updated: 2019-07-23Bibliographically approved
Bravo, G., Pardalis, G., Mahapatra, K. & Mainali, B. (2019). Physical vs. Aesthetic Renovations: Learning from Swedish House Owners. Buildings, 9(1), Article ID 12.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Physical vs. Aesthetic Renovations: Learning from Swedish House Owners
2019 (English)In: Buildings, ISSN 2075-5309, E-ISSN 2075-5309, Vol. 9, no 1, article id 12Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this paper, we identify the socio-economic attributes and attitudes that have influencedhouse owners in renovating their homes in the past. Our study is based on responses to an onlinequestionnaire survey of 971 house owners living in Kronoberg County in Sweden. Results showedthat the interest and willingness of the house owners to perform a renovation varied dependingon their demographic background and the age of the house. The latter positively affected pastrenovations, only when combined with the residence time. Furthermore, the age of house ownersstrongly and positively affected the probability of performing aesthetic type of renovations, becauseof a long time of residence in the house. Younger, town living, and highly educated house ownersseem to be more concerned regarding saving energy, which motivated them to perform physicalrenovations on their house. Our results also suggest that income, level of education, and place ofresidence have an effect on renovation decisions only through their effect on the energy concern ofhouse owners, and a varied effect on renovation decisions, when combined with the time of residencein the house.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2019
Keywords
house owners, renovations, physical renovations, aesthetic renovations, decision-making
National Category
Energy Systems Environmental Management
Research subject
Technology (byts ev till Engineering), Sustainable Built Environment
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-79411 (URN)10.3390/buildings9010012 (DOI)000457159600017 ()
Funder
The Kamprad Family Foundation
Available from: 2019-01-09 Created: 2019-01-09 Last updated: 2019-05-22Bibliographically approved
Pardalis, G., Mahapatra, K., Bravo, G. & Mainali, B. (2019). Swedish House Owners’ Intentions Towards Renovations: Is there a Market for One-Stop-Shop?. Buildings, 9(7), Article ID 164.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Swedish House Owners’ Intentions Towards Renovations: Is there a Market for One-Stop-Shop?
2019 (English)In: Buildings, ISSN 2075-5309, E-ISSN 2075-5309, Vol. 9, no 7, article id 164Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this paper, we examine factors aecting owners’ intention for renovation of their detached houses. Furthermore, we analyze their interest in choosing a one-stop-shop (OSS) service for the renovation, even though such a concept is not yet established in Sweden, but emerging in other parts of Europe. Our study is based on responses to an online questionnaire survey of 971 house owners residing in Kronoberg Region in Sweden. About 76% of the respondents intend to renovate in the near future, with approximately 71% of them preferring to renovate individual components of their dwelling and 5% to renovate their whole house in steps. House owners of younger age, higher income, higher education, and those with an interest for environmental issues, were the ones most interested in physical renovations, which improves energy efficiency of the building. For those house owners, one-stop-shop can facilitate the decision-making process, and help them to choose those measures that will improve their quality of life. Approximately 20% of the respondents had a positive view towards an one-stop-shop, which is an indicator that market for such a service exists. Parameters such as quality of work, cost and energy savings and specification of measures to be adopted are the key for the promotion of one-stop-shop. Additionally, house owners want to have a certain level of involvement in the selection of actors performing the renovation. Moreover, financial incentives, e.g., loans, do not play a significant role for the selection of one-stop-shop, but act as complementary motive for house owners.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Basel: MDPI, 2019
Keywords
house owners, detached house, renovation, retrofit, energy efficiency, one-stop-shop
National Category
Other Civil Engineering Other Environmental Engineering Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Technology (byts ev till Engineering), Sustainable Built Environment; Technology (byts ev till Engineering)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-86255 (URN)10.3390/buildings9070164 (DOI)
Funder
The Kamprad Family Foundation, 68110021
Available from: 2019-07-09 Created: 2019-07-09 Last updated: 2019-08-14
Bravo, G., Grimaldo, F., Lopez-Inesta, E., Mehmani, B. & Squazzoni, F. (2019). The effect of publishing peer review reports on referee behavior in five scholarly journals. Nature Communications, 10, Article ID 322.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The effect of publishing peer review reports on referee behavior in five scholarly journals
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2019 (English)In: Nature Communications, ISSN 2041-1723, E-ISSN 2041-1723, Vol. 10, article id 322Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

To increase transparency in science, some scholarly journals are publishing peer review reports. But it is unclear how this practice affects the peer review process. Here, we examine the effect of publishing peer review reports on referee behavior in five scholarly journals involved in a pilot study at Elsevier. By considering 9,220 submissions and 18,525 reviews from 2010 to 2017, we measured changes both before and during the pilot and found that publishing reports did not significantly compromise referees' willingness to review, recommendations, or turn-around times. Younger and non-academic scholars were more willing to accept to review and provided more positive and objective recommendations. Male referees tended to write more constructive reports during the pilot. Only 8.1% of referees agreed to reveal their identity in the published report. These findings suggest that open peer review does not compromise the process, at least when referees are able to protect their anonymity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Nature Publishing Group, 2019
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-80148 (URN)10.1038/s41467-018-08250-2 (DOI)000456011000003 ()30659186 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2019-02-05 Created: 2019-02-05 Last updated: 2019-02-05Bibliographically approved
Bravo, G. & Yantseva, V. (2018). Cooperation and conflict in segregated populations. Social science computer review, 1-17
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cooperation and conflict in segregated populations
2018 (English)In: Social science computer review, ISSN 0894-4393, E-ISSN 1552-8286, p. 1-17Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Humans behavior often varies depending on the opponent’s group membership, with both positive consequences (e.g., cooperation or mutual help) and negative ones (e.g., stereotyping, oppression, or even genocide). An influential model developed by Hammond and Axelrod (HA) highlighted the emergence of macrolevel “ethnocentric cooperation” from the aggregation of microlevel interactions based on arbitrary tags signaling group membership. We extended this model to include a wider set of agents’ behaviors including the possibility of harming others. This allowed to check whether and under which conditions xenophobia can emerge beside or in alternative to ethnocentric cooperation. The model was compared to Swedish data documenting social unrest and proxies of cooperative behaviors at the municipal level. The validation results supported the model predictions on conflict but not the ones on cooperation, casting doubts on HA’s original argument.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 2018
Keywords
cooperation, conflict, simulation, group membership, social unrest, ethnocentric cooperation
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Social Sciences, Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-79076 (URN)10.1177/0894439318821687 (DOI)
Available from: 2018-12-05 Created: 2018-12-05 Last updated: 2019-05-06
Farjam, M., Nikolaychuk, O. & Bravo, G. (2018). Does risk communication really decrease cooperation in climate change mitigation?. Climatic Change, 149(2), 147-158
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Does risk communication really decrease cooperation in climate change mitigation?
2018 (English)In: Climatic Change, ISSN 0165-0009, E-ISSN 1573-1480, Vol. 149, no 2, p. 147-158Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Effective communication of risks involved in the climate change discussion is crucial and despite ambitious protection policies, the possibility of irreversible consequences actually occurring can only be diminished but never ruled out completely. We present a laboratory experiment that studies how residual risk of failure of climate change policies affects willingness to contribute to such policies. Despite prevailing views on people's risk aversion, we found that contributions were higher at least in the final part of treatments including a residual risk. We interpret this as the product of a psychological process where residual risk puts participants into an "alarm mode," keeping their contributions high. We discuss the broad practical implications this might have on the real-world communication of climate change.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2018
Keywords
collective risk social dilemma, climate change mitigation, voluntary contribution, experiment, risk
National Category
Climate Research Social Psychology
Research subject
Natural Science, Environmental Science; Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-77400 (URN)10.1007/s10584-018-2228-9 (DOI)000439940200003 ()
Available from: 2018-08-29 Created: 2018-08-29 Last updated: 2018-09-25Bibliographically approved
Bravo, G., Farjam, M., Moreno, F. G., Birukou, A. & Squazzoni, F. (2018). Hidden connections: Network effects on editorial decisions in four computer science journals. Journal of Informetrics, 12(1), 101-112
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Hidden connections: Network effects on editorial decisions in four computer science journals
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2018 (English)In: Journal of Informetrics, ISSN 1751-1577, E-ISSN 1875-5879, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 101-112Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper aims to examine the influence of authors’ reputation on editorial bias in scholarly journals. By looking at eight years of editorial decisions in four computer science journals, including 7179 observations on 2913 submissions, we reconstructed author/referee-submission networks. For each submission, we looked at reviewer scores and estimated the reputation of submission authors by means of their network degree. By training a Bayesian network, we estimated the potential effect of scientist reputation on editorial decisions. Results showed that more reputed authors were less likely to be rejected by editors when they submitted papers receiving negative reviews. Although these four journals were comparable for scope and areas, we found certain journal specificities in their editorial process. Our findings suggest ways to examine the editorial process in relatively similar journals without recurring to in-depth individual data, which are rarely available from scholarly journals.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-69194 (URN)10.1016/j.joi.2017.12.002 (DOI)000427479800008 ()
Available from: 2017-12-12 Created: 2017-12-12 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved
Drvenica, I., Bravo, G., Vejmelka, L., Dekanski, A. & Nedić, O. (2018). Peer review of reviewers: the author’s perspective. Publications, 7(1), 1-10, Article ID 1.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Peer review of reviewers: the author’s perspective
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2018 (English)In: Publications, E-ISSN 2304-6775, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 1-10, article id 1Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to investigate the opinion of authors on the overall quality and effectiveness of reviewers' contributions to reviewed papers. We employed an on-line survey of thirteen journals which publish articles in the field of life, social or technological sciences. Responses received from 193 authors were analysed using a mixed-effects model in order to determine factors deemed the most important in the authors' evaluation of the reviewers. Qualitative content analysis of the responses to open questions was performed as well. The mixed-effects model revealed that the authors' assessment of the competence of referees strongly depended on the final editorial decision and that the speed of thereview process was influential as well. In Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) analysis on seven questions detailing authors' opinions, perception ofreview speed remained a significant predictor of the assessment. In addition, both the perceived competence and helpfulness of the reviewerssignificantly and positively affected the authors' evaluation. New models were used to re-check the value of these two factors and it was confirmed that the assessment of the competence of reviewers strongly depended on the final editorial decision.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2018
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-79232 (URN)10.3390/publications7010001 (DOI)000464054400001 ()
Available from: 2018-12-17 Created: 2018-12-17 Last updated: 2019-04-29Bibliographically approved
Takács, K., Bravo, G. & Squazzoni, F. (2018). Referrals and information flow in networks increase discrimination: A laboratory experiment. Social Networks, 54, 254-265
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Referrals and information flow in networks increase discrimination: A laboratory experiment
2018 (English)In: Social Networks, ISSN 0378-8733, E-ISSN 1879-2111, Vol. 54, p. 254-265Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Referrals and information flow distort market mechanisms of hiring in the labor market, but they might assist employers under asymmetric information infinding better alternatives. This paper investigates whether an impartial information flow between employers in a cyclic network structure could generate more discrimination than when no information is exchanged between employers. We set up an artificial labor market in which there was no average quality difference between two categories of workers. We asked participants to play the role of employers and examined the partiality of their hiring choices. Results showed that discrimination was prevalent in all conditions. Higher standards by the employers for the quality of workers increased discrimination as did the presence of referrals from workers. Unexpectedly, impartial information flow in a cyclic network of employers did not help to decrease discrimination. We also showed that these mechanisms interact with and subdue each other in complex ways.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-72051 (URN)10.1016/j.socnet.2018.03.005 (DOI)000432768600021 ()
Available from: 2018-03-31 Created: 2018-03-31 Last updated: 2018-07-12Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-2837-0137

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