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Golub, K., Hagelbäck, J. & Ardö, A. (2019). Automatic classification Using DDC on the Swedish Union Catalogue. In: European DDC Users Group, EDUG, Annual Meeting 9-10 May 2019: National Library of Sweden, Stockholm, Sweden. Paper presented at European DDC Users Group, EDUG, Annual Meeting 9-10 May 2019: National Library of Sweden, Stockholm, Sweden.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Automatic classification Using DDC on the Swedish Union Catalogue
2019 (English)In: European DDC Users Group, EDUG, Annual Meeting 9-10 May 2019: National Library of Sweden, Stockholm, Sweden, 2019Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
National Category
Information Studies
Research subject
Humanities, Library and Information Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-84605 (URN)
Conference
European DDC Users Group, EDUG, Annual Meeting 9-10 May 2019: National Library of Sweden, Stockholm, Sweden
Available from: 2019-06-04 Created: 2019-06-04 Last updated: 2019-08-07Bibliographically approved
Golub, K., Hagelbäck, J. & Ardö, A. (2019). Automatic subject classification of Swedish DDC: Impact of tuning and training data set. In: 19th European NKOS Workshop, 23rd TPDL: Oslo, 12 September 2019. Paper presented at 19th European NKOS Workshop, 23rd TPDL. Oslo, 12 September 2019. Networked Knowledge Organization Systems/Services/Structures, NKOS
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Automatic subject classification of Swedish DDC: Impact of tuning and training data set
2019 (English)In: 19th European NKOS Workshop, 23rd TPDL: Oslo, 12 September 2019, Networked Knowledge Organization Systems/Services/Structures, NKOS , 2019Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The presentation builds on the NKOS 2018 presentation of automatically produced Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC) classes for Swedish union catalogue (LIBRIS). Based on a dataset of 143,838 records, Support Vector Machine with linear kernel outperforms Multinomial Naïve Bayes algorithm. Impact of features shows that using keywords or combining titles and keywords gives better results than using only titles as input. Stemming only marginally improves the results. Removed stop-words reduced accuracy in most cases, while removing less frequent words increased it marginally. Word embeddings combined with different types of neural networks (Simple linear network, Standard neural network, 1D convolutional neural network, Recurrent neural network) produced worse results than Naïve Bayes /Support Vector Machine, but reach close results. The greatest impact is produced by the number of training examples: 81.37% accuracy on the training set is achieved when at least 1,000 records per class are available, and 66.13% when few records on which to train are available.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Networked Knowledge Organization Systems/Services/Structures, NKOS, 2019
National Category
Information Studies
Research subject
Humanities, Library and Information Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-89737 (URN)
Conference
19th European NKOS Workshop, 23rd TPDL. Oslo, 12 September 2019
Available from: 2019-10-18 Created: 2019-10-18 Last updated: 2020-01-08Bibliographically approved
Golub, K. (2019). Automatic Subject Indexing of Text. Knowledge organization, 46(2), 104-121
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Automatic Subject Indexing of Text
2019 (English)In: Knowledge organization, ISSN 0943-7444, Vol. 46, no 2, p. 104-121Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Automatic subject indexing addresses problems of scale and sustainability and can be at the same time used to enrich existing metadata records, establish more connections across and between resources from various metadata and resource collections, and enhance consistency of the metadata. In this work, automatic subject indexing focuses on assigning index terms or classes from established knowledge organization systems (KOSs) for subject indexing like thesauri, subject headings systems and classification systems. The following major approaches are discussed, in terms of their similarities and differences, advantages and disadvantages for automatic assigned indexing from KOSs: "text categorization," "document clustering," and "document classification." Text categorization is perhaps the most widespread, machine-learning approach with what seems generally good reported performance. Document clustering automatically both creates groups of related documents and extracts names of subjects depicting the group at hand. Document classification re-uses the intellectual effort invested into creating a KOS for subject indexing and even simple string-matching algorithms have been reported to achieve good results, because one concept can be described using a number of different terms, including equivalent, related, narrower and broader terms. Finally, applicability of automatic subject indexing to operative information systems and challenges of evaluation are outlined, suggesting the need for more research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft, 2019
Keywords
indexing, subject, terms, document, documents, automatic, classification
National Category
Information Studies
Research subject
Humanities, Library and Information Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-88845 (URN)10.5771/0943-7444-2019-2-104 (DOI)000480655300003 ()
Available from: 2019-08-29 Created: 2019-08-29 Last updated: 2019-08-29Bibliographically approved
Golub, K., Göransson, E., Foka, A. & Huvila, I. (2019). Digital humanities in Sweden and its infrastructure: Status quo and the sine qua non. Digital Scholarship in the Humanities, 1-10
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Digital humanities in Sweden and its infrastructure: Status quo and the sine qua non
2019 (English)In: Digital Scholarship in the Humanities, ISSN 2055-7671, E-ISSN 2055-768X, p. 1-10Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

The article offers a state-of-the-art overview of a number of Digital Humanities (DH) initiatives that have emerged in Sweden over the past decade. We identify two major developments that seem to be taking place within DH, with a specific focus on the infrastructural aspects of the development: (1) a strive to open up and broaden the research output and (2) multi-disciplinary collaboration and its effects. The two major components accentuate the new infrastructural patterns that are developing and the challenges these infer on universities. While current research is at large multi-disciplinary, developing infrastructures also enable the move towards post-disciplinarity, bringing the universities closer to the surrounding society. At five universities in Sweden, individual-sited infrastructures supporting DH research have been built today. They are complemented by national and international infrastructures, thus supporting developments and tackling some of the major challenges. In the article, the relations between individual disciplines, the question of multi- and post-disciplinarity, and the field of Digital Humanities are discussed, while stressing the factors necessary—sine qua non—for a fruitful development of the scholarly infrastructures.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2019
National Category
Other Humanities not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-88088 (URN)10.1093/llc/fqz042 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-08-16 Created: 2019-08-16 Last updated: 2020-01-08
Doucet, A., Isaac, A., Golub, K., Aalberg, T. & Jatowt, A. (Eds.). (2019). Digital Libraries for Open Knowledge: 23rd International Conference on Theory and Practice of Digital Libraries, TPDL 2019, Oslo, Norway, September 9–12, 2019, Proceedings. Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Digital Libraries for Open Knowledge: 23rd International Conference on Theory and Practice of Digital Libraries, TPDL 2019, Oslo, Norway, September 9–12, 2019, Proceedings
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2019 (English)Conference proceedings (editor) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This book constitutes the proceedings of the 23rd International Conference on Theory and Practice of Digital Libraries, TPDL 2019, held in Olslo, Norway, in September 2019. The 16 revised full papers,12 short papers and 18 poster papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 75 submissions. The general theme of TPDL 2019 was Connecting with Communities and so the papers attempt to facilitate establishing connections and convergences between diverse research communities such as Digital Humanities, Information Sciences and others that could benefit from ecosystems offered by digital libraries and repositories. To become especially useful to the diverse research and practitioner communities digital libraries need to consider special needs and requirements for effective data utilization, management and exploitation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2019
Series
Lecture Notes in Computer Science, ISSN 0302-9743, E-ISSN 1611-3349 ; 11799
Keywords
artificial intelligence, classification, computational linguistics, databases, digital libraries, Human-Computer Interaction (HCI), information retrieval, information retrieval systems, information services, internet, metadata, ontologies, search engines, semantic web, semantics, user interfaces, web services, World Wide Web
National Category
Information Studies
Research subject
Humanities, Library and Information Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-89736 (URN)10.1007/978-3-030-30760-8 (DOI)978-3-030-30759-2 (ISBN)978-3-030-30760-8 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-10-18 Created: 2019-10-18 Last updated: 2020-01-24Bibliographically approved
Golub, K. (2019). From a Library and Information Science Department to a Transdisciplinary University-wide iSchool: A Model of Linnaeus University. In: Gordana Gašo, Mirna Gilman Ranogajec, Jure Žilić, Madeleine Lundman (Ed.), Information and technology transforming lives: connection, interaction, innovation: Proceedings of the XXVII Bobcatsss Symposium, Osijek, Croatia, January 2019. Paper presented at BOBCATSSS 2019: The 27th symposium, 22-24 January 2019, Osijek, Croatia (pp. 15-22). Osijek: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek
Open this publication in new window or tab >>From a Library and Information Science Department to a Transdisciplinary University-wide iSchool: A Model of Linnaeus University
2019 (English)In: Information and technology transforming lives: connection, interaction, innovation: Proceedings of the XXVII Bobcatsss Symposium, Osijek, Croatia, January 2019 / [ed] Gordana Gašo, Mirna Gilman Ranogajec, Jure Žilić, Madeleine Lundman, Osijek: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek , 2019, p. 15-22Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The information field, or the iField, resorts to interdisciplinary approaches to enrich and facilitate generation, transfer and curation of data, information, and knowledge by the widespread use of technology in order to maximize the potential of humans. It is largely promoted by the iSchools organization (http://ischools.org). The idea to create an iSchool at Linnaeus University (LNU) was born in 2016, when LNU had already had a proven track of interdisciplinary and cross-institutional collaborations, both within the university and beyond, such as a Master program titled Innovation through Business, Engineering and Design and Data Intensive Sciences and Applications (DISA) Centre of Excellence. Inspired by the new models to bridge traditional disciplinary and institutional boundaries, the iField seemed like an excellent platform through which to connect traditionally disparate departments, disciplines and non-academic institutions, in order to jointly address complex future societal challenges. In 2017 a project grant was awarded to explore the potential and identify the benefits of starting an iSchool and joining the iSchools organization. The idea was met with enthusiasm at a sufficient number of levels that the acting vice-chancellor at the time proposed a formation of an institute which is today named Information Institute (iInstitute, https://lnu.se/en/iinstitute). It comprises 14 existing programmes at undergraduate, graduate and doctoral levels, of which 6 planned to be introduced from truly transdisciplinary perspectives of the iField, 4 research centres, and 1 collaborative node comprising over 200 IT companies. The iInstitute was approved membership in the iSchools organization in December 2017.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Osijek: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, 2019
National Category
Information Studies
Research subject
Humanities, Library and Information Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-80497 (URN)978-953-314-121-3 (ISBN)
Conference
BOBCATSSS 2019: The 27th symposium, 22-24 January 2019, Osijek, Croatia
Available from: 2019-02-12 Created: 2019-02-12 Last updated: 2019-10-10Bibliographically approved
Golub, K., Lundman, M., Milrad, M. & Herault, R. C. (2019). Increasing visibility of culture through online information services: The case of Småland. In: BOBCATSSS 2019: The 27th symposium, 22-24 January 2019, Osijek, Croatia. Paper presented at BOBCATSSS 2019: The 27th symposium, 22-24 January 2019, Osijek, Croatia. Tampere: European Association for Library and Information Education and Research
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Increasing visibility of culture through online information services: The case of Småland
2019 (English)In: BOBCATSSS 2019: The 27th symposium, 22-24 January 2019, Osijek, Croatia, Tampere: European Association for Library and Information Education and Research , 2019Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Cultural events are of increasing importance as value creators in our society. They can serve to promote the attractiveness of a region, to increase social interactions and the quality of life and, not the least, to boost local economies. The ultimate purpose of our research is to significantly increase awareness of cultural attractiveness in Småland using innovative web technologies, both for its inhabitants as well as tourists. Reporting on the first stage of the project, this paper focuses on the exploration of requirements to design a mobile application and a website of cultural events in the region with contemporary art as a use case. 

Our methodological approach involved three major steps. First, interviews with cultural event providers, with focus on contemporary art, were conducted in order to identify initial needs and requirements for building the two types of interfaces.The interviews were conducted with two representatives of a governmental institution promoting contemporary art in the region, called Nya Småland (in English New Småland, http://www.nyasmaland.se/9/). After the first round of interviews, initial mock-ups of the interfaces were built, followed by another round of interviews to gain insights and feedback on those designs. Themes in the interviews addressed requirements and functionalities, both from perspectives of cultural event providers as well as those of user groups. The interviewees agreed that it is generally important to make contemporary art galleries and their activities visible to a wider audience through a good-quality app and a web site. It is often hard to reach the public with cultural events; one reason could be lack of money for advertising. 

In conclusion, the interviewees consider a quality app and a website for cultural events on contemporary art an important way in which to increase visibility of cultural events in the region and beyond. In addition, preserving information about past events for future uses is considered important, especially for journalists and politicians. Future research efforts will focus on developing an interactive prototype and acquiring feedback from content providers and a range of potential end user groups.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Tampere: European Association for Library and Information Education and Research, 2019
Keywords
Cultural events, requirement gathering, web design, app design, usability
National Category
Information Studies
Research subject
Humanities, Library and Information Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-80496 (URN)
Conference
BOBCATSSS 2019: The 27th symposium, 22-24 January 2019, Osijek, Croatia
Available from: 2019-02-12 Created: 2019-02-12 Last updated: 2019-03-27
Golub, K., Herault, R. C., Lundman, M. & Milrad, M. (2019). Increasing visibility of culture through online information services: The case of Småland. In: Presented at iConference 2019: Inform, include, inspire. March 31 - April 3, Maryland, USA. Paper presented at iConference 2019. Inform, include, inspire. March 31 - April 3, Maryland, USA.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Increasing visibility of culture through online information services: The case of Småland
2019 (English)In: Presented at iConference 2019: Inform, include, inspire. March 31 - April 3, Maryland, USA, 2019Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Cultural events are of increasing importance as value creators in our society. They can serve to promote the attractiveness of a region, to increase social interactions and the quality of life and, not the least, to boost local economies. Today, a comprehensive and up-to-date online overview of cultural events in Småland, a region in southeastern Sweden, is missing mainly due the fact that information is distributed across different actors, communication channels and different media (e.g. individual organizers, commercial vendors, community calendars, newspapers calendars).

The ultimate purpose of our research is to significantly increase access to information and awareness of cultural attractiveness in Småland using innovative web technologies, both for its inhabitants as well as tourists. Reporting on the first stage of the project, this paper focuses on the exploration of requirements to design a mobile application and a website.

First guidelines for the design of web and mobile interfaces have been in existence since the early 2000s (Weiss, 2003) and have been updated accordingly to reflect the evolution of technology and the evolution of web and mobile applications. In order to get users to use the application or website, they need to be simple, easy to understand, and present meaningful information to the user (Rubino et al., 2014).

Functionalities for a cultural event app and/or website include those referring to general ones pertinent to any user-friendly app and specific ones related to information on cultural events. General major functionalities identified in the literature include:

  • Clear and concise way of displaying the content (Boiano et al., 2012);

  • Interactive and quick responding interfaces (ibid.);

  • An interface which is easy to understand with few controls (Gena et al., 2013);

  • The ability to share information, write reviews and connect, which in turn will make the application more visible for the general public (ibid.); and,

  • Utilising user-generated content (ratings, tags, comments, and so on) as a source of information about a user, and for adaptation and recommendation purposes (ibid.).

Our methodological approach involved three major steps. First, an interview with cultural events providers, using contemporary art as a use case, was conducted in order to identify initial needs and requirements for building the two types of interfaces. The interviews were conducted with two representatives of a governmental institution promoting contemporary art in the region, called Nya Småland (in English New Småland, http://www.nyasmaland.se/9/). After the first round of interviews, initial mock-ups of the interfaces were built, followed by another round of interviews to gain insights and feedback on those designs. Themes in the interviews focused on requirements, functionalities, cultural event providers in the different regions and user groups. The interviewees said that it is generally important to make contemporary art galleries and their activities visible to a wider audience through a good-quality app and a web site. It is often hard to reach the public with cultural events; one reason could be lack of money for advertising. The information gathered from the interviews was then used when creating a new round of refined mock-ups.

In conclusion, the interviewees consider a quality app and a website for cultural events on contemporary art an important way in which to increase visibility of cultural events in the region and beyond. In addition, preserving information about past events for future uses is considered important, especially for journalists, politicians and journalists. Future research efforts will focus on developing an interactive prototype and gain feedback from content providers and a range of potential end user groups.

Keywords
Cultural events, requirement gathering, web design, app design, usability
National Category
Information Studies Media and Communication Technology
Research subject
Humanities, Library and Information Science; Computer and Information Sciences Computer Science, Media Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-81759 (URN)
Conference
iConference 2019. Inform, include, inspire. March 31 - April 3, Maryland, USA
Available from: 2019-04-09 Created: 2019-04-09 Last updated: 2019-04-09Bibliographically approved
Johansson, S. & Golub, K. (2019). LibraryThing for Libraries: How Tag Moderation and Size Limitations Affect Tag Clouds. Knowledge organization, 46(4), 245-259
Open this publication in new window or tab >>LibraryThing for Libraries: How Tag Moderation and Size Limitations Affect Tag Clouds
2019 (English)In: Knowledge organization, ISSN 0943-7444, Vol. 46, no 4, p. 245-259Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study is to analyse differences between tags on LibraryThing’s web page and tag clouds in their “LibraryThing for Libraries” service, and assess if, and how, the LibraryThing tag moderation and limitations to the size of the tag cloud in the library catalogue affect the description of the information resource. An e-mail survey was conducted with personnel at LibraryThing, and the results were compared against tags for twenty different fiction books, collected from two different library catalogues with disparate tag cloud sizes, and LibraryThing’s web page. The data were analysed using a modified version of Golder and Huberman’s tag categories (2006). The results show that while LibraryThing claims to only remove the inherently personal tags, several other types of tags are found to have been discarded as well. Occasionally a certain type of tag is included in one book, and excluded in another. The comparison between the two tag cloud sizes suggests that the larger tag clouds provide a more pronounced picture regarding the contents of the book but at the cost of an increase in the number of tags with synonymous or redundant information.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Alberta: International Society for Knowledge Organization, 2019
National Category
Information Studies
Research subject
Humanities, Library and Information Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-88089 (URN)10.5771/0943-7444-2019-4-245 (DOI)000480674900001 ()
Available from: 2019-08-16 Created: 2019-08-16 Last updated: 2019-08-29Bibliographically approved
Golub, K., Schmiede, R. & Tudhope, D. (2019). Recent applications of Knowledge Organization Systems: introduction to a special issue. International Journal on Digital Libraries, 20(3), 205-207
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Recent applications of Knowledge Organization Systems: introduction to a special issue
2019 (English)In: International Journal on Digital Libraries, ISSN 1432-5012, E-ISSN 1432-1300, Vol. 20, no 3, p. 205-207Article in journal, Editorial material (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2019
National Category
Information Studies
Research subject
Humanities, Library and Information Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-78970 (URN)10.1007/s00799-018-0264-8 (DOI)000481800600001 ()
Available from: 2018-11-27 Created: 2018-11-27 Last updated: 2019-09-24Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-4169-4777

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