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Funck, E. K. & Karlsson, T. S. (2020). 25 years of studying New Public Management: accomplishments and limitations. Financial Accountability and Management, 36(1)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>25 years of studying New Public Management: accomplishments and limitations
2020 (English)In: Financial Accountability and Management, ISSN 0267-4424, E-ISSN 1468-0408, Vol. 36, no 1Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

In 1991, Christopher Hood made a substantial contribution to public administration research when he formulated the concept of New Public Management (NPM). His article can in many ways be understood as an enabler of research focused on public sector reforms. To this day, numerous articles and books have been published, discussing the concept itself and the empirical phenomenon. In celebration of the 25-year period since the concept of NPM was introduced, this article revisits the current knowledge through a systematic literature review of 299 articles published between 1991 and 2016. This approach enables a meta-analysis of research published in five top-ranked international public administration journals. We identify four important themes as emerging from our review: (i) a reform with a vague intention, (ii) the limping concept, (iii) the one-sided perspective and (iv) NPM as the new norm. An important effect of this is that Hood’s framework may have been curtailed, leading to a distorted knowledge base when it comes to future studies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2020
Keywords
New Public Management, Management reforms, Future developments, Literature review
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Economy, Business administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-87104 (URN)10.1111/faam.12214 (DOI)000484821900001 ()
Available from: 2019-08-07 Created: 2019-08-07 Last updated: 2019-12-06
Funck, E. K. & Karlsson, T. S. (2019). Fyra starka trender efter NPM. Kommunal Ekonomi (3), 37-38
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Fyra starka trender efter NPM
2019 (Swedish)In: Kommunal Ekonomi, ISSN 0282-0099, no 3, p. 37-38Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Abstract [sv]

I efterdyningarna av New Public Management finns ett behov av att förändra synen på organisering och styrning av den offentliga sektorn. Ett samlingsbegrepp för de nya teorierna kring styrning och organisering av offentlig sektor är post-NPM. I en nyligen publicerad rapport diskuterar Elin K. Funck och Tom S. Karlsson fyra starka trender inom ramen för området.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Vallentuna: Kommunalekonomernas förening, 2019
Keywords
NPM, Post-NPM
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Economy, Ekonomistyrning; Economy, Ledarskap, entreprenörskap och organisation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-87103 (URN)
Available from: 2019-08-07 Created: 2019-08-07 Last updated: 2019-09-05Bibliographically approved
Funck, E. K. & Karlsson, T. S. (2018). Post-NPM, vad är det?: Trender och empiriska iakttagelser kring alternativa idéer för den offentliga sektorn. Göteborg: KFi- Kommunforskning i Västsverige
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Post-NPM, vad är det?: Trender och empiriska iakttagelser kring alternativa idéer för den offentliga sektorn
2018 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

I den här texten diskuterar vi det begrepp som kommit att dyka upp mer och mer i såväl litteratur som i debatt: post-NPM. Vi vet av litteraturen att det handlar om något distinkt annorlunda från NPM, men det är ofta mer otydligt vad detta ’annorlunda’ egentligen är. Vi genomför en litteraturöversikt där vi beskriver fyra starka trender inom ramen för post-NPM: (1) New Public Governance, (2) Public Service Logic, (3) Public Value Management och (4) Digital-Era Governance. Syftet är att beskriva och analysera vad post-NPM är för något, hur det är annorlunda från NPM samt hur (eller om) det kommit att ta sig empiriskt uttryck i en svensk kontext.

Med förankring i såväl internationell litteratur som svensk empirisk kontext, drar vi slutsatserna att post-NPM erbjuder nya sätt att se på och förstå hur den offentliga välfärdsproduktionen ska erbjudas, vad som ska erbjudas och varför välfärdsproduktionen ska erbjudas på detta sätt. Även om post-NPM erbjuder många nya perspektiv, visar vi i den här texten på hur dessa kommit att vara starkt färgade av de dominerande NPM-uttrycken. Vi menar att där post-NPM kommit att erbjuda sådana nya perspektiv så har de i första hand handlat om en samhällsövergripande nivå, där diskussionen kommit att handla om organisering i första hand. När det istället handlar om styrning av verksamheter återfinner vi idéer som är tydligt sprungna ur NPM-reformer.

En slutsats kring detta är att är att NPM och post-NPM fokuserar på delvis olika nivåer och därför med fördel kan förstås som kompletterande snarare än konkurrerande begrepp. I likhet med annan litteratur på området, menar vi att NPM och post-NPM skulle kunna kombineras för att skapa en tydligare struktur för organisering av välfärdstjänster, samtidigt som vi vidmakthåller behovet och förmågan till styrning och ansvarsutkrävande. En sådan kombination skulle kunna medföra en mer inkluderande offentlig sektor, där offentliga resurser och kollektiva nyttigheter används smart och effektivt.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Göteborg: KFi- Kommunforskning i Västsverige, 2018. p. 51
Series
KFi-rapport ; 149
Keywords
post-NPM, NPM
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Economy, Ekonomistyrning; Economy, Business administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-79175 (URN)978-91-87454-61-5 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-12-13 Created: 2018-12-13 Last updated: 2018-12-19Bibliographically approved
Karlsson, T. S. (2015). Challenging the dichotomy of management and civil service: an institutional analysis of Swedish public management. In: : . Paper presented at International Research Society for Public Management Conference 2015, Birmingham, UK, March 30-April 1, 2015. The International Research Society for Public Management (IRSPM)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Challenging the dichotomy of management and civil service: an institutional analysis of Swedish public management
2015 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In the wake of public sector reforms, commonly referred to as New Public Management, it has been suggested that actors engaged in public administration are changing the manner in which they understand the public sector. According to these perspectives, public reforms informed by (neo-)liberal policy have caused instances of economification and a proliferation of economy and efficiency as important and dominating norms of contemporary public organisations. In this paper I posit the question of how actors’ engaged in public administration make sense of the turbulent and pivoting reforms within the public sector? The paper is written within an institutional theoretical perspective, where both an agency- and structural perspective is engaged in order to enable a holistic analysis. The empirical material consists of four focus group sessions, in total 25 “managers” discussing issues concerning their positions and tasks associated with being engaged as public administrators within the Swedish central government. It was found that actors rejected the incompatibleness of contemporary public management on the one hand and traditional civil service on the other. Rather, actors enacted compartmentalised, yet interdependent, perspectives wherein the two mentioned roles could be used simultaneously in everyday life. On the one hand an internal perspective was enacted wherein a managerial discourse and managerial techniques were used. On the other hand an external perspective was enacted in order to safeguard citizens’ rights within the modern welfare state. It is concluded that the previously held dichotomy between management and civil service is a fallacious one. Rather than subscribing to faulty theorising surrounding a shift or a blending/merger of administrative roles, researchers of public administration should adhere to the general point made in this paper: actors engaged in public administrators are Managers as well as Civil Servants. This has great implications for the future role of public administration.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
The International Research Society for Public Management (IRSPM), 2015
Keywords
NPM, OIE, Structuration Theory, Institutional Theory, Management, Civil Service
National Category
Business Administration Public Administration Studies Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Economy, Business administration; Social Sciences, Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-41536 (URN)
Conference
International Research Society for Public Management Conference 2015, Birmingham, UK, March 30-April 1, 2015
Available from: 2015-04-01 Created: 2015-04-01 Last updated: 2015-05-06Bibliographically approved
Karlsson, T. S. (2015). New public management. In: Nationalencyklopedin: . Stockholm: Nationalencyklopedin
Open this publication in new window or tab >>New public management
2015 (Swedish)In: Nationalencyklopedin, Stockholm: Nationalencyklopedin, 2015Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Nationalencyklopedin, 2015
Keywords
New Public Management, NPM
National Category
Business Administration Political Science
Research subject
Economy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-41181 (URN)
Available from: 2015-03-21 Created: 2015-03-21 Last updated: 2015-05-28Bibliographically approved
Karlsson, T. S. (2014). Manager and civil servant: exploring actors' taken-for-granted assumptions in public administration. (Doctoral dissertation). Lund: Lund University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Manager and civil servant: exploring actors' taken-for-granted assumptions in public administration
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Manager and Civil Servant is an exploration of actors' taken-for-granted assumptions that govern perceptions concerning how public administration should be undertaken within contemporary welfare states. It is argued that more than 30 years of continuous reforms directed towards public administration have caused dilemmas to arise. These dilemmas have resulted in a shifting of balances regarding the underpinning pillars of public administration. These reforms have furthermore resulted in an emergence of challenging social systems, entailing new beliefs and practices. The question posited is "how do actors engaged in public administration make sense of the dilemma(s) they face". Theoretically, this dissertation entails institutional theory as well as Structuration Theory. These are combined in a framework, wherein agency and structure are used in order to characterise manifestations of taken-for-granted assumptions. The framework is furthermore elaborated through conceptual perspectives concerning Management as well as Civil Service in order to model a framework for public administration. Empirically, this dissertation entails a use of qualitative as well as quantitative methods. Open-ended interviews are combined with self-administered surveys, statistical analysis, and focus groups. Two important contributions are highlighted. Firstly, actors engaged in public administration reject the idea of polarisation concerning inherent public administrative activities and that the dilemma being accentuated within public administration. As such, instances of making sense are reduced due to an unconscious enactment of meanings and sanctions that reject the presence of dilemmas. Secondly, actors' ability to reject polarisation, and thus dilemma, can be explained through compartmentalising interdependent perspectives. On the one hand actors enact an internal perspective wherein instances of Management make sense. On the other hand actors enact an external perspective wherein instances of Civil Service make sense. The separation and compartmentalisation of these perspectives not only enable actors to reject dilemma, they are enabled to enact seemingly different roles at once. They become both Managers and Civil Servants.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Lund University, 2014. p. 300
Keywords
Public Sector Reforms, Management, Civil Service, Taken-for-granted assumptions, Institutional Theory, Structuration Theory
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Economy, Business administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-38122 (URN)978-91-7473-979-4 (ISBN)978-91-7473-980-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2014-06-03, 15:45 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2014-11-13 Created: 2014-11-11 Last updated: 2016-05-30Bibliographically approved
Karlsson, T. S. (2012). A conceptual framework for logical (original) institutionalism.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A conceptual framework for logical (original) institutionalism
2012 (English)Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Publisher
p. 35
Keywords
Institutiona theory, Original Institutional Theory, Structuration Theory
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Economy, Business administration; Social Sciences, Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-41179 (URN)
Funder
The Swedish Foundation for International Cooperation in Research and Higher Education (STINT), FS2011-6 016
Available from: 2015-03-20 Created: 2015-03-20 Last updated: 2015-12-11Bibliographically approved
Karlsson, T. S. (2012). Organisering och styrning för ökad enhetlighet.. In: Speglingar av en förvaltning i förändring: Reformeringen av Försäkringskassan. Stockholm: Santérus Förlag
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Organisering och styrning för ökad enhetlighet.
2012 (Swedish)In: Speglingar av en förvaltning i förändring: Reformeringen av Försäkringskassan, Stockholm: Santérus Förlag, 2012Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Santérus Förlag, 2012
Keywords
Byråkrati, New Public Management, Styrning
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Economy, Ekonomistyrning
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-37285 (URN)978-91-7359-057-0 (ISBN)
Available from: 2014-09-25 Created: 2014-09-25 Last updated: 2016-05-03Bibliographically approved
Andersson, F., Bergström, T., Bringselius, L., Dackehag, M., Karlsson, T. S., Melander, S. & Paulsson, G. (Eds.). (2012). Speglingar av en förvaltning i förändring: Reformeringen av Försäkringskassan. Stockholm: Santérus Förlag
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Speglingar av en förvaltning i förändring: Reformeringen av Försäkringskassan
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2012 (Swedish)Collection (editor) (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Santérus Förlag, 2012. p. 231
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-37282 (URN)978-91-7359-057-0 (ISBN)
Available from: 2014-09-25 Created: 2014-09-25 Last updated: 2016-05-16Bibliographically approved
Andersson, F., Bergström, T., Bringselius, L., Dackehag, M., Karlsson, T. S., Melander, S. & Paulsson, G. (2011). Organisatoriska vägval: en studie av Försäkringskassans förändringsarbete. Nordiske organisasjonsstudier, 13(4), 53-76
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Organisatoriska vägval: en studie av Försäkringskassans förändringsarbete
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2011 (Swedish)In: Nordiske organisasjonsstudier, ISSN 1501-8237, Vol. 13, no 4, p. 53-76Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Fagbokforlaget, 2011
Keywords
Försäkringskassan, New Public Management, Reformer
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-37281 (URN)
Available from: 2014-09-25 Created: 2014-09-25 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-0779-3360

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