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Leckner, S. & Severson, P. (2019). Exploring the Meaning Problem of Big and Small Data Through Digital Method Triangulation. Nordicom Review, 40, 79-94
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exploring the Meaning Problem of Big and Small Data Through Digital Method Triangulation
2019 (English)In: Nordicom Review, ISSN 1403-1108, E-ISSN 2001-5119, Vol. 40, p. 79-94Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this article, knowledge building through combinations of methods in a digital context is discussed and explored. Two types of digital bigger and smaller data-driven media studies are used as examples: digital focus groups and the combination of internet traffic measurements, surveys and diaries. The article proposes the concept of digital method triangulation. Digital method triangulation is argued to be a way to approach the "meaning problem" to make sense of small and big data. Digital method triangulation is argued 1) to stimulate the innovative use of known methods for unexpected dimensions within the studied topic; 2) with appropriate theoretical and meta-theoretical reflections, to provide more certainty in conclusions; and 3) to assist in constructing a more comprehensive perspective on specific analyses. The conclusion is that triangulation is even more important in the digital realm, as it facilitates dialogue between conventional and digital methods, dialogue that seems crucial to capture the complexities of the onlife.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
sciendo, 2019
Keywords
digital methods, triangulation, meaning problem, methodological development, big and small data
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Media Studies and Journalism
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-86968 (URN)10.2478/nor-2019-0015 (DOI)000473473700006 ()
Available from: 2019-07-23 Created: 2019-07-23 Last updated: 2019-07-23Bibliographically approved
Severson, P. (2019). How Critical Digital Method Development can Strengthen Studies of Media and Terrorism. In: Renaud de la Brosse and Kristoffer Holt (Ed.), Media and Journalism in an Age of Terrorism: (pp. 168). Newcastle upon Tyne, UK: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>How Critical Digital Method Development can Strengthen Studies of Media and Terrorism
2019 (English)In: Media and Journalism in an Age of Terrorism / [ed] Renaud de la Brosse and Kristoffer Holt, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2019, p. 168-Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In this chapter I argue and describe how studies of digital media and terrorism can be strengthened by increased methodological awareness concerning critical approaches and digital methods as critical digital methods. Critical digital method development is research involved in a reflexive project regarding digital methods and their role in shaping critical terrorism studies. The chapter includes suggestions for how this critical digital method development can be furthered.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Newcastle upon Tyne, UK: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2019
Keywords
Journalism, Terrorism, Critical Digital Methods
National Category
Media Studies Communication Studies
Research subject
Media Studies and Journalism
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-82592 (URN)1-5275-3312-3 (ISBN)978-1-5275-3312-7 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-05-17 Created: 2019-05-17 Last updated: 2019-05-17
Severson, P. (2018). The Politics of Women’s Digital Archives and Its Significance for the History of Journalism. Digital Journalism, 6(9), 1222-1238
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Politics of Women’s Digital Archives and Its Significance for the History of Journalism
2018 (English)In: Digital Journalism, ISSN 2167-0811, E-ISSN 2167-082X, Vol. 6, no 9, p. 1222-1238Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article explores the politics of digital archives focused explicitly on women journal- ists and their work. A key question is here the wider implications and value for journal- ism historiography. A qualitative analysis is conducted of the online presence of two illustrative archives, one an oral history project called Women in Journalism and the other a women’s history database called Kvinnsam. The analysis finds that whereas the archives do not lend themselves to participation as agency in co-constructing history, they give access to otherwise nonsearchable, nonvisible, and nonaccessible material of relevance to the history of women journalists and their work. The agency and political power of the archives are dependent on institutions, first, to simply materialize as online archives and, second, to (potentially) affect political matters and express political acts of resistance. For journalism history studies, this means engaging with the archives that exist, what forms they have, and how they are used. For digital journalism, this also implies a discussion of how archival experimenting could develop the field.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2018
Keywords
affordance theory; digital archives; journalism history; participation; voice; women’s history
National Category
Media Studies
Research subject
Media Studies and Journalism
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-79168 (URN)10.1080/21670811.2018.1513336 (DOI)000455680800008 ()
Available from: 2018-12-12 Created: 2018-12-12 Last updated: 2019-02-01Bibliographically approved
Leckner, S. & Severson, P. (2018). Young persons’ willingness to pay for cross-media consumption: a study of demand and use in a multi-platform media environment.. In: 7th European Communication Conference Centres and Peripheries: Communication, Research, Translation Conference Booklet. Paper presented at 7th European Communication Conference (ECC) "Centres and Peripheries: Communication, Research, Translation" October 31- November 3, 2018, Lugano, Switzerland.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Young persons’ willingness to pay for cross-media consumption: a study of demand and use in a multi-platform media environment.
2018 (English)In: 7th European Communication Conference Centres and Peripheries: Communication, Research, Translation Conference Booklet, 2018Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In the current media landscape, cross-media consumption is not a new occurrence, in particularly not for younger consumers. Young consumers are a target group highly sought after by the media industry, but it has been hard to get this group to pay for content, especially for non-entertainment such as news, and thus, to found business models that work in a digital environment (e.g. Chiou and Tucker 2013;Goyanes 2014). There have, however, been indications that younger people are more inclined to pay for online content than print (e.g. Chyi and Lee 2013; Goyanes 2014; Picard 2014). In the present study, we investigate the cross-media demand of younger people and their willingness to pay for media content by using a survey based on a probability sample of Swedish participants aged 16-31 (n=1287); what platforms and content they use, what they pay for and how much they are willing to pay. By studying attitudes to access as well as actual inventories of access among young people, media-usage patterns and perceptions can be understood as taking place within set frames. These frames are set by various actors, in this study theoretically based on definitions of audiences (e.g., McQuail 2010), diffusion of media and cross media use (e.g., Rogers 2005), and consumer behaviour (e.g., Ekström 2010). The preliminary results indicate that the respondents both use and highly value access to both old and new media content and services and want to gain access to general as well as particular content.But in line with previous research, consumers do not always use what they prefer and are not willing to pay for what they use (e.g. Chyi and Lee 2013; Cook and Attari 2012). Price and supply were considered important, but currently the respondents “solved their media consumption in other ways” than paying, however, video-on-demand and streaming solutions, as well as particular content (like sports or TV series), were found to be more attractive to pay for. Subscription-based revenue models also appeared more appealing than one-time payments. These results can have important implications for the media industries future businesses.

National Category
Media Studies
Research subject
Computer and Information Sciences Computer Science, Media Technology; Media Studies and Journalism, Media and Communication Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-81592 (URN)
Conference
7th European Communication Conference (ECC) "Centres and Peripheries: Communication, Research, Translation" October 31- November 3, 2018, Lugano, Switzerland
Available from: 2019-04-02 Created: 2019-04-02 Last updated: 2019-04-11Bibliographically approved
Severson, P. & Leckner, S. (2017). Media audiences imagining themselves in relation to future living. In: CEDAR network (Ed.), Audiences2030 Imagining a Future for Audiences: Book of Abstracts. Paper presented at Audiences 2030, Imagining a Future for Audiences , 28-29 September 2017, Universidade Católica Portuguesa, Lisboa, Portugal (pp. 36-36). Lisboa, 1
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Media audiences imagining themselves in relation to future living
2017 (English)In: Audiences2030 Imagining a Future for Audiences: Book of Abstracts / [ed] CEDAR network, Lisboa, 2017, Vol. 1, p. 36-36Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Audience studies have a history of studying people reading, listening and watching mass media at home. Domestication, as Silverstone and Haddon (1996) describe it, is an understanding of the design/domestication interface, implying a process of mutually shaping. This study contributes to an understanding of the future of audiences as still taking place in a home where connected media becomes integrated.

By using a survey of students (n=1287) on what media selection is considered to be important to have access to in future student accommodation, a study is made of the implications of a youthful audience and a connected audience.

The results show that students use and highly value access to both old and new media content and services and want to gain access to general as well as particular content and services (like sports or TV series). Hence, youthful audiences self-perceived attitudes towards being and becoming connected audiences imply a domestic access resembling the value of public access. Understandings of connected media in relation the interplay of youthful audiences and accommodation illustrate the socio-political challenge of the domestic sphere as configuring and offering a universal service. The socio-political challenge of structuring future connected audiences is what connections are actually made possible by access. By studying attitudes to access as well as actual inventories of access in the domestic sphere, media usage patterns and perceptions can be understood as taking place within set frames. These frames are set by various actors, like owners of apartment buildings, as more or less in a dialogue with and agency of potential audiences.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lisboa: , 2017
Keywords
Audiences, Future living, Domestic access
National Category
Media Studies
Research subject
Media Studies and Journalism, Media and Communication Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-72914 (URN)
Conference
Audiences 2030, Imagining a Future for Audiences , 28-29 September 2017, Universidade Católica Portuguesa, Lisboa, Portugal
Available from: 2018-04-17 Created: 2018-04-17 Last updated: 2018-04-18Bibliographically approved
Ringfjord, B.-M. & Severson, P. (2017). Raising Theoretical Concept Understanding In Courses With Journalist Students. In: Roy Andersson, LTH Lund (Ed.), The 2nd EuroSoTL conference, June 8-9 2017, Lund, Sweden: Long paper. Paper presented at The 2nd EuroSoTL conference, June 8-9 2017, Lund, Sweden. Lund University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Raising Theoretical Concept Understanding In Courses With Journalist Students
2017 (English)In: The 2nd EuroSoTL conference, June 8-9 2017, Lund, Sweden: Long paper / [ed] Roy Andersson, LTH Lund, Lund University , 2017Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This is a study of teaching a theory course for journalism students, year three, preparing for thesis work. The purpose is to increase understandings of theoretical tensions in professions-oriented education and how they can be dealt with. Research questions are: 1. How are journalism students self-perception of theory and its relevance to them and their thesis, before and after a theory course using more student active learning elements? 2. How can selfperceptions be understood in relation to course evaluations and student performance? 3. What values can be understood as made possible of the different pedagogic elements and how are contextual aspects influencing? Didactic decisions for the course were guided by student-active learning: constructing learning through performing actions (Piaget, 1951), through experiential education (Dewey, 1938) emphasizing the learner in the learning process, and higher-level thinking skills (Bloom, 1956). Course aim was to socialize students into a more academic line of thinking, paired with strengthening them to integrate theory and practice. Therefore, the course combined following elements in progression: 1) Seminar, 2) Mini Lectures, and 3) Exercises. Method in the study is self-assessment (Bourke, 2010), first at the beginning of the course, second ten weeks after thesis for Bachelor degree. Course evaluation and teacher self-reflection is added as assessment perspective. Theory used to analyze the results is the embedding of research and inquiry through scaffolding (Healey et al, 2014). The analysis also includes Schulman’s (2005) signature pedagogies. Results imply there is a need to engage in changes of perceptions of what journalism is (practice-academia). This confirms the vital importance for professional learning of knowledge setting types and the epistemic practices and resources they offer (Nerland and Jensen, 2014)

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund University, 2017
Keywords
theoretical concept understanding, professional education, journalism, course evaluation
National Category
Media Studies Pedagogy
Research subject
Media Studies and Journalism; Pedagogics and Educational Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-70281 (URN)
Conference
The 2nd EuroSoTL conference, June 8-9 2017, Lund, Sweden
Available from: 2018-01-30 Created: 2018-01-30 Last updated: 2019-02-27Bibliographically approved
Severson, P. (2017). Searching for voice as democratic values in contemporary Swedish web archive initiatives. In: ECREA Sections: Communication and Democracy; and Media Industries and Cultural Production (Ed.), Digital Democracy: Book of Abstracts. Paper presented at Digital DemocracyCritical Perspectives in the Age of Big Data. Flemmingsberg
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Searching for voice as democratic values in contemporary Swedish web archive initiatives
2017 (English)In: Digital Democracy: Book of Abstracts / [ed] ECREA Sections: Communication and Democracy; and Media Industries and Cultural Production, Flemmingsberg, 2017Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper presents initial results from a study of various contemporary web archive initiatives in Sweden. Archives are subjective rather than objective, as well as methods for archiving and tracking and searching and documenting for digital material research (MacNeil & Eastwood,2017). The purpose of the study is to analyse and distinguish what voices are made present in the web archive initiatives, how digitization matter in this voice-making and how this can be understood in relation to democratic values.

The method is a qualitative content analysis of the web archive initiatives online presence (the archive web site), including both self-decriptions and the site’s affordances. Empirically the material for the analysis consist of the following Swedish national archive initiatives:

1. Kungliga Biblioteket, Sweden’s national library, a national initiative to preserve the cultural heritage of the aftermath;

2. Rättviseförmedlingen, NGO, uses inquiries and dissemination of lists using social media to broaden the selection of competencies;

3. The Center for Business History, a non-profit association with companies as primary members, works to preserve and tell business history;

4. Platsr, Riksantikvarieämbetets site for stories and memories where anyone can contribute;

5. Kringla, collects heritage archives.

These archive initiatives have different aims, different initiators with different interaction and contributing actors, and use different (and more or less visible) archiving methods.

The analysis focuses on voice in the archive, based on Carpentier’s analysis model (2011) forparticipant-oriented processes. Analysis show variations of values linked to voice where technologydirects attention and power to certain “voices” (themes, categories etc). These variations, this diversity,is discussed in relation to resistance and the perspective of how the archive is part of larger public (public voice). The paper concludes with a discussion of these various public voice’s implicationsin relation to democratic values as universal service, participation and agency.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Flemmingsberg: , 2017
Keywords
Archives, Digital archives, Voice, Affordances, Participation, Power
National Category
Media Studies
Research subject
Media Studies and Journalism, Media and Communication Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-72915 (URN)
Conference
Digital DemocracyCritical Perspectives in the Age of Big Data
Available from: 2018-04-17 Created: 2018-04-17 Last updated: 2018-04-18Bibliographically approved
Severson, P. (2016). Medvetna frågor och val: Utveckling av metoder för att undersöka användargenererat material i digitala kontexter. Nordicom Information, 38(3), 57-70
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Medvetna frågor och val: Utveckling av metoder för att undersöka användargenererat material i digitala kontexter
2016 (Swedish)In: Nordicom Information, ISSN 0349-5949, Vol. 38, no 3, p. 57-70Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This is an article concerning the development of methods for studying user-generated content (UGC) in digital contexts. Method development can advantageously mean applying analytical reference points: a form of perspective making and navigation with a common understanding of where different disciplines can contribute. Cultural studies on ‘pleasure’ raises the understanding connected to how UGC creates meaning for the people who use and create the material, for the content which has different meanings and for the view that politics is broader than news. Design research on ‘personas’ recalls how images of users are built into the development of services as well as in research. Informatics (computer science) ‘data mining’ deepens understanding of the importance of the digital as research material (data) and the skills that are required to analyse the data. These three analytical points of reference work in interaction with discussions related to tools about precisely how a study may be designed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Göteborg: Nordicom, 2016
Keywords
user generated content, method development, pleasure, personas, data mining
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Research subject
Media Studies and Journalism
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-60092 (URN)
Available from: 2017-01-23 Created: 2017-01-23 Last updated: 2018-08-24Bibliographically approved
Severson, P. (2016). Super Teletext: A Social Shaping of Teletext as Locating Newness in a Media Convergence Future. In: Halvard Moe and Hilde Van den Bulck (Ed.), Teletext in Europe: From the Analogue to the Digital Era (pp. 131-149). Gothenburg: Nordicom
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Super Teletext: A Social Shaping of Teletext as Locating Newness in a Media Convergence Future
2016 (English)In: Teletext in Europe: From the Analogue to the Digital Era / [ed] Halvard Moe and Hilde Van den Bulck, Gothenburg: Nordicom, 2016, p. 131-149Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This is a study of teletext’s role in the development of digital terrestrial television in Sweden, particularly as super teletext, focusing on the public service television company Sveriges Television (Swedish Television) (SVT), and this company’s policy documents, both strategy documents and public service audits, in the period 1996-2002. The purpose is to articulate and deepen our understanding of teletext’s involvement in this development, guided by the following questions: What were the arguments SVT used for approaching and developing teletext? How did teletext’s placement in the organization change? What general understanding about the dynamics of media change can be found in teletext development? The analysis is made from the general epistemological standpoint of social shaping of technology, the specific media convergence theory often used as a hypothesis for digital media development, and an identifiable concept to highlight the local and situated aspect of newness in media technology development. The main results suggest that super teletext initially made it possible for teletext to be a part of locating newness in a media convergence future in: connecting teletext to a media convergence hypothesis; serving as an aligning-symbol between TV and PC; functioning as an argument for technological experiments; ascribing newness as a way of securing public service values in a digital future. Later, super teletext was described as inferior to teletext, in a combination of lacking interactivity and going beyond teletext’s close relationship with news and the tradition of news culture.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Gothenburg: Nordicom, 2016
Keywords
super teletext, public service broadcasting, convergence, social shaping of technology, newness
National Category
Communication Studies
Research subject
Media Studies and Journalism, Media and Communication Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-50502 (URN)978-91-87957-20-8 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-03-09 Created: 2016-03-09 Last updated: 2016-04-04Bibliographically approved
Severson, P. (2015). En workshop om utmaningsbaserat lärande. In: : . Paper presented at Swednet, Innovationsdriven pedagogik, Halmstad.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>En workshop om utmaningsbaserat lärande
2015 (Swedish)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
Abstract [sv]

Detta är en workshop för att utforska och pröva vad utmaningsbaserat lärande skulle kunna vara. Den empiriska grunden för workshop-tillfället är ett pågående deltagarorienterat arbete vid Malmö högskola i form av först en strategi, sedan ett arbete i form av forskningscirkel och därefter lärandecirklar. I strategidokumentet Strategi 2020 har Malmö högskola temat: ”att utveckla högskolans pedagogik så att den ger studenterna bästa möjliga förutsättningar att leda och agera i olika förändringsprocesser. Arbetsnamnet för denna pedagogik är ”utmaningsbaserat lärande”’ (http://www.mah.se/Nyheter/Nyheter-2013/Var-med-och-utveckla-utmaningsbaserat-larande/). Under våren 2014 anordnade Centrum för Akademiskt Lärarskap i samarbete med enheten Innovation och utveckling vid gemensam förvaltning, en forskningscirkel med deltagare från olika fakulteter på högskolan där begreppet undersöktes. De definierande teman som utkristalliserades från detta deltagarorienterade arbete var: 1) Kritiskt görande, 2) Bygga på faktiska samhällsutmaningar, 3) ”Problem” förhandlas i samspel mellan lärare och studenter. Under 2015 sker fakultetsspecifika cirklar, så kallade lärandecirklar, för att skapa mer verksamhetsnära prövande i olika former. I detta workshop-tillfälle används forskningscirkel-perspektivet på ett komprimerat sätt för att fortsätta utforska och pröva vad utmaningsbaserat lärande skulle kunna vara. Vägledande för workshop-upplägget är att vara ett ”agonistic space” (Mouffe, 2000) där utmaningsbaserat lärande närmas som en arena för experiment för högskolepedagogisk utveckling snarare än en lösning. Genom att delta i workshopen får du dels inblick i det arbete som har gjorts, dels bidrar du till fler röster och perspektiv på ett pågående utvecklingsarbete.

National Category
Pedagogy
Research subject
Media Studies and Journalism, Media and Communication Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-50522 (URN)
Conference
Swednet, Innovationsdriven pedagogik, Halmstad
Available from: 2016-03-09 Created: 2016-03-09 Last updated: 2016-04-22Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-6937-1032

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