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Hägerdal, H. (2018). Colonial impact at the margin: Contact zones in the Aru Islands. In: Symposium – European Colonialism in Southeast Asia: Charles Darwin University, 30 November 2017. Paper presented at Symposium – European Colonialism in Southeast Asia : Charles Darwin University, 30 November 2017. Australia: Charles Darwin University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Colonial impact at the margin: Contact zones in the Aru Islands
2018 (English)In: Symposium – European Colonialism in Southeast Asia: Charles Darwin University, 30 November 2017, Australia: Charles Darwin University , 2018Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The Aru Islands are situated at the eastern end of the Indian Ocean world, in the southern Moluccas. It is also one of the easternmost places in the world where Islam and Christianity gained a (limited) foothold in the early-modern period, and housed the easternmost fortress of the Dutch East India Company (VOC). The present paper discusses Western-Arunese relations up to the early 19th century in terms of economic exchange and political networks. Aru society was stateless and relatively egalitarian but eluded strong colonial control up to c. 1900. Still the perceived marginality of the islands was paired with its status as a source of natural products destined for luxury consumption in Asia and Europe: pearls, tripang, birds-of-paradise, edible birds' nests. All this positioned Aru in a global economic network while leaving it largely ungoverned. The extant textual material consists of Dutch reports; however, critically read and compared with oral and archaeological data, these may yield important information about indigenous responses to European attempts to control the flow of goods. It is possible to develop the argument made by Roy Ellen about economic flows in eastern Indonesia beyond the VOC system, and also to draw parallels with James Scott's thesis about state-avoidance among ethnic minorities in mainland Southeast Asia.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Australia: Charles Darwin University, 2018
Keywords
Aru Islands, Indonesia, colonialism, contact zones, trade
National Category
History
Research subject
Humanities, History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-77427 (URN)
Conference
Symposium – European Colonialism in Southeast Asia : Charles Darwin University, 30 November 2017
Projects
Concurrences
Available from: 2018-08-28 Created: 2018-08-28 Last updated: 2018-08-30Bibliographically approved
Hägerdal, H. (2018). Expansion and internalization of modes of warfare in pre-colonial Bali. In: Michael W. Charney, Kathryn Wellen (Ed.), Warring Societies of Pre-colonial Southeast Asia: Local Cultures of Conflict Within a Regional Context (pp. 129-153). Copenhagen: NIAS Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Expansion and internalization of modes of warfare in pre-colonial Bali
2018 (English)In: Warring Societies of Pre-colonial Southeast Asia: Local Cultures of Conflict Within a Regional Context / [ed] Michael W. Charney, Kathryn Wellen, Copenhagen: NIAS Press, 2018, p. 129-153Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Among the fifteen or so polities of some consequence in early-modern insular Southeast Asia, Bali was unique in being non-Muslim. While no full explanation for this fact has been offered so far, it is at a minimum clear that the Balinese developed military skills which made them well-known even outside their modest-sized island. Balinese modes of warfare over the centuries can be followed sketchily from archival materials, in the first hand Dutch sources. External views are also offered by Javanese, Sasak and Sumbawan sources. Balinese historical traditions are obsessed with warfare, although the relatively late and stereotypical portrayals of war offer problems in interpretation. What is clear from the extant records is that the period 1500-1800 included periods of strong military expansion which was able to temporarily hold back major central polities such as Mataram. This can be attributed to both internal dynamics, such as political and demographic conditions, and external factors such as the vacuum created by the defeat of several Muslim polities at the hands of the VOC. From the second half of the 18th century Balinese warfare tended to be internalized as the area of activity of the Balinese was confined to Bali itself (together with the previously subdued Lombok). Internal warfare tended to grow more intense towards the late 19th century, paving the way for the definite colonial subjugation in 1906-08. The essay traces the changes in the mode of warfare over a period of about 400 years, relating it to technological and political developments in the Southeast Asian neighbourhood region.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Copenhagen: NIAS Press, 2018
Series
NIAS - Nordic Institute of Asian Studies : NIAS Studies in Asian topics ; 62
Keywords
Bali, Indonesia, warfare
National Category
History
Research subject
Humanities, History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-69628 (URN)978-87-7694-228-1 (ISBN)978-87-7694-229-8 (ISBN)
Projects
Concurrences
Available from: 2018-01-08 Created: 2018-01-08 Last updated: 2018-03-14Bibliographically approved
Hägerdal, H. (2018). From Peace and Order to New Order: Colonial and postcolonial forced relocations in eastern Indonesia. In: Global Challenges: Borders, Populism and the Postcolonial Condition - An international conference on critical theory, postcoloniality, migration and populism: Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden, 14-16 June 2018. Paper presented at Global Challenges : Borders, Populism and the Postcolonial Condition - An international conference on critical theory, postcoloniality, migration and populism. Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden, 14-16 June 2018. Växjö: Linnaeus University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>From Peace and Order to New Order: Colonial and postcolonial forced relocations in eastern Indonesia
2018 (English)In: Global Challenges: Borders, Populism and the Postcolonial Condition - An international conference on critical theory, postcoloniality, migration and populism: Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden, 14-16 June 2018, Växjö: Linnaeus University , 2018Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The present paper aims to trace a genealogy of colonialism, and to see how practices of restructuring local societies by the classical colonial state were reified by the post-colonial state, many decades after formal decolonization. The case that will be discussed is relocation of settlements in the eastern part of Indonesia. What motives drove the authorities of the Netherlands East Indies to resettle populations against  their will, and why did the authoritarian Indonesian regime in the late 20th century take over the practice?

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Växjö: Linnaeus University, 2018
Keywords
Indonesia, colonialism, postcolonial, violence, relocation
National Category
History
Research subject
Humanities, History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-77423 (URN)
Conference
Global Challenges : Borders, Populism and the Postcolonial Condition - An international conference on critical theory, postcoloniality, migration and populism. Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden, 14-16 June 2018
Projects
Concurrences
Available from: 2018-08-28 Created: 2018-08-28 Last updated: 2018-08-30Bibliographically approved
Hägerdal, H., Ehriander, H. & Nilson, M. (Eds.). (2018). Humanetten 39/2017: Linnéuniversitetets sommarkurser 10 år : jubileumsnummer. Växjö: Linnaeus University Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Humanetten 39/2017: Linnéuniversitetets sommarkurser 10 år : jubileumsnummer
2018 (Swedish)Collection (editor) (Refereed)
Abstract [sv]

Antologi med åtta bidrag rörande barnlitteratur och fantasy, med anledning av tioårsjubiléet för sommarkurserna i litteraturvetenskap vid Växjö universitet och Linnéuniversitetet.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Växjö: Linnaeus University Press, 2018. p. 164
Series
Skrifter utgivna av Svenska barnboksinstitutet, ISSN 0347-5387 ; 145
Keywords
litteraturvetenskap, sommarkurs, barnlitteratur, fantasy
National Category
General Literature Studies
Research subject
Humanities, Comparative literature
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-71425 (URN)978-91-88761-23-1 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-03-07 Created: 2018-03-07 Last updated: 2018-05-03Bibliographically approved
Hägerdal, H. (2018). Lengser kaprabon: Auktoritet, makt och auktoritärism i det moderna Indonesien. In: Mats Trondman, Malin Lennartsson (Ed.), Auktoritet: (pp. 167-187). Göteborg: Daidalos
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Lengser kaprabon: Auktoritet, makt och auktoritärism i det moderna Indonesien
2018 (Swedish)In: Auktoritet / [ed] Mats Trondman, Malin Lennartsson, Göteborg: Daidalos, 2018, p. 167-187Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [sv]

Kapitlet diskuterar politisk auktoritet i det moderna Indonesien (sedan 1949), i huvudsak under Sukarno- och Soehartoerorna fram till 1998. Traditionella föreställningars roll analyseras gentemot reella sociala och maktpolitiska förhållanden.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Göteborg: Daidalos, 2018
Keywords
Indonesien, auktoritet, Sukarno, Soeharto
National Category
History
Research subject
Humanities, History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-73990 (URN)978-91-7173-538-6 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-05-08 Created: 2018-05-08 Last updated: 2018-06-29Bibliographically approved
Hägerdal, H. (2018). Slavery through missionary lenses: Timor in the 19th century. In: 2nd Leiden Slavery Studies Association Biennial ‘Slaving Zones’ Conference: Slavery and Forced Labour in Asia, c. 1250-c. 1900 : Continuities and Transformations in Comparative Perspective : 1-3 June, 2017. Paper presented at 2nd Leiden Slavery Studies Association Biennial ‘Slaving Zones’ Conference : Slavery and Forced Labour in Asia, c. 1250-c. 1900 : Continuities and Transformations in Comparative Perspective : 1-3 June, 2017. Leiden: Leiden University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Slavery through missionary lenses: Timor in the 19th century
2018 (English)In: 2nd Leiden Slavery Studies Association Biennial ‘Slaving Zones’ Conference: Slavery and Forced Labour in Asia, c. 1250-c. 1900 : Continuities and Transformations in Comparative Perspective : 1-3 June, 2017, Leiden: Leiden University , 2018Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The aim of the paper is to explore perceptions of slavery in zones of interaction between European and indigenous communities in the mid-colonial era, seen through the lens of missionary writings and focusing on the Timor Residency in the Dutch East Indies in the 19th century. While slave trade was formally abolished in the Dutch colonies shortly after the British interregnum, this largely became a dead letter as slaves were acquired and traded until at least the 1830s by Dutch interests, and until after 1900 by indigenous groups. This was in particular the case in the areas where colonial control was weak or non-existent. The colonial contact zones in eastern Indonesia, such as Kupang in Timor, housed considerable slave populations until the second half of the 19th century, and slave labour was an essential part of the household economy of the European or Eurasian burghers. The paper studies how the position and work of slaves were perceived by Reformed Christian missionaries of the Nederlandsch Zendelinggenootschap (NZG) who were active in the Timor area since 1819. A large body of letters and reports have been preserved at Utrecht and provide a comprehensive picture of how slaves interacted with their superiors in daily life. This material is written in a more independent and critical style than official colonial reports, and is often more initiated than travel accounts. The European missionaries, driven by ideals of personal piety, encountered the moral dilemma at their arrival, how to fit into a society where slavery was widely accepted as a fact of life. The paper shows how the views in the letters spans over a range of attitudes, from reluctant acceptance to utter disapproval, and discusses what this material may tell us about the actual conditions of unfree labourers in a hybrid milieu.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Leiden: Leiden University, 2018
Keywords
Indonesia, Timor, slavery, missionaries, colonialism
National Category
History
Research subject
Humanities, History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-77426 (URN)
Conference
2nd Leiden Slavery Studies Association Biennial ‘Slaving Zones’ Conference : Slavery and Forced Labour in Asia, c. 1250-c. 1900 : Continuities and Transformations in Comparative Perspective : 1-3 June, 2017
Projects
Concurrences
Available from: 2018-08-28 Created: 2018-08-28 Last updated: 2018-08-30Bibliographically approved
Hägerdal, H. (2018). The Boxer Codex (Review). Leiden: International Insitute for Asian Studies
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Boxer Codex (Review)
2018 (English)Other (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This is a review of Sousa and Turley's translation and edition of the so-called Boxer Codex, a composite geographical account from the 1590s. The review points out the great usefulness of the edition, and the purpose and style of the descriptions of various lands in East and Southeast Asia.

Place, publisher, year, pages
Leiden: International Insitute for Asian Studies, 2018
Keywords
Spanish Philippines, colonialism, geographical descriptions, Asia
National Category
History
Research subject
Humanities, History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-76267 (URN)
Projects
Concurrences
Note

Review of: George Bryan Sousa and Jeffrey Scott Turley (eds). 2016. The Boxer Codex: Transcription and Translation of an Illustrated Late Sixteenth-Century Spanish Manuscript Concerning the Geography, History and Ethnography of the Pacific, South-East Asia and East Asia. Leiden and Boston: Brill. ISBN: 9789004292734.

Published at the website newbooks.asia

Available from: 2018-06-20 Created: 2018-06-20 Last updated: 2018-08-08Bibliographically approved
Barnes, S., Hägerdal, H. & Palmer, L. (2017). An East Timorese Domain Luca from Central and Peripheral Perspectives. Bijdragen Tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde, 173(2-3), 325-355
Open this publication in new window or tab >>An East Timorese Domain Luca from Central and Peripheral Perspectives
2017 (English)In: Bijdragen Tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde, ISSN 0006-2294, E-ISSN 2213-4379, Vol. 173, no 2-3, p. 325-355Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The East Timorese kingdom Luca is described as the hegemon of the eastern parts of Timor in some nineteenth-century works. This is gainsaid by other data, which point to the existence of a multitude of petty kingdoms. This article scrutinizes Luca's claim to power from a number of angles, utilizing European records and contemporary anthropological fieldwork. First, we analyse the claims of the centre as reflected in colonial and indigenous narratives. Second, we investigate narratives from the 'periphery', that is, the minor adjacent domains of Vessoro and Babulo. Third, we offer a comprehensive discussion of Luca's role from a wider geographical perspective. In this way we produce a 'general account' that situates the symbolic and historical significance of Luca within the Timorese understanding of time, ritual, and power.

Keywords
East Timor, Luca, historiography, oral tradition
National Category
History Cultural Studies
Research subject
Humanities, Cultural Sociology; Humanities, History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-67968 (URN)10.1163/22134379-17302020 (DOI)000408731100007 ()
Available from: 2017-09-14 Created: 2017-09-14 Last updated: 2018-01-31Bibliographically approved
Hägerdal, H. (2017). Balthazar : Un prince de Timor en Chine, en Amérique et en Europe au XVIIIe siècle [Review]. Archipel, 93, 231-232
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Balthazar : Un prince de Timor en Chine, en Amérique et en Europe au XVIIIe siècle
2017 (English)In: Archipel, ISSN 0044-8613, E-ISSN 2104-3655, Vol. 93, p. 231-232Article, book review (Other academic) Published
Keywords
Timor, France, l'ancien regime, pretender
National Category
History
Research subject
Humanities, History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-69272 (URN)
Projects
Concurrences
Available from: 2017-12-13 Created: 2017-12-13 Last updated: 2018-01-10Bibliographically approved
Hägerdal, H. (2017). Beyond Bali. Subaltern Citizens and Post-Colonial Intimacy [Review]. Bijdragen Tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde, 173(1), 140-141
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Beyond Bali. Subaltern Citizens and Post-Colonial Intimacy
2017 (English)In: Bijdragen Tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde, ISSN 0006-2294, E-ISSN 2213-4379, Vol. 173, no 1, p. 140-141Article, book review (Other academic) Published
National Category
Other Humanities
Research subject
Humanities, Cultural Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-62021 (URN)10.1163/22134379-17301010 (DOI)000395945700008 ()
Available from: 2017-03-31 Created: 2017-03-31 Last updated: 2018-01-31Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-4758-191X

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