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Pashkevich, N. & Haftor, D. (2018). Exploring Complementarities of Productive IT use through Methodological Complementarism. Electronic Journal of Business Research Methods, 16(3), 128-138
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exploring Complementarities of Productive IT use through Methodological Complementarism
2018 (English)In: Electronic Journal of Business Research Methods, ISSN 1477-7029, E-ISSN 1477-7029, Vol. 16, no 3, p. 128-138Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Factors affecting productivity and particularly IT‑enabled productivity increase have been and still remain the major concern for many business sectors. While previously researchers investigated what factors and their complementary relationships affect organizational productivity, organizational economists came to the conclusion that an organization cannot be regarded anymore as a black box since it is not an organization per se that conducts the very work but its resources with the basic elements being a single worker and a single IT system. Currently, it is proposed that we understand organizational internal mechanisms and their functioning for productivity through the lens of complementarity theory and maintain that when factors are synchronized correctly they can bring significant productivity increase. Identification of the complementarity factors and their synchronization bring, however, a major challenge for research methodology. Unlike conventional studies where a few variables independent of each other cause a reaction to dependent variables, in the context of complementarities, the assumption is closer to the real‑world experiences where a set of factors interact with each other to affect one or several dependent variables. The present paper addresses this difficulty of researching complementary factors for an individual knowledge worker and their productivity. The approach taken here is to use multiple and different research methods in a complementary manner, so that the results from each study of the same kind of phenomenon uncover new insights that cannot be derived from any such single study. The results from this multi‑method approach demonstrate new insights into the interplay between the studied factors that condition the productivity of knowledge workers and show the importance of analysing a complex phenomenon with complementary research methods. 

Keywords
complementarity systems approach, individual IT-enabled productivity, knowledge worker, methodological complementarism, online experiment, quasi-randomized field experiment
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Research subject
Computer and Information Sciences Computer Science, Information Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-78651 (URN)
Available from: 2018-11-02 Created: 2018-11-02 Last updated: 2018-12-11Bibliographically approved
Pashkevich, N. & Haftor, D. (2018). Methodological Insights From two Experimental Studies Into Complementarities of Productive IT use. In: Prof. Paola Demartini Prof. Michela Marchiori (Ed.), ECRM 2018  - Proceedings of the 17th European Conference on Research Methodology for Business and Management Studies: . Paper presented at The 17th European Conference on Research Methodology for Business and Management Studies ECRM, 12-13 July, 2018, Rome (pp. 303-309). UK: ACPI
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Methodological Insights From two Experimental Studies Into Complementarities of Productive IT use
2018 (English)In: ECRM 2018  - Proceedings of the 17th European Conference on Research Methodology for Business and Management Studies / [ed] Prof. Paola Demartini Prof. Michela Marchiori, UK: ACPI , 2018, p. 303-309Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Numerous studies have attempted to determine factors that condition the IT-enabled productivity of information workers but have not yet arrived at a comprehensive conclusion. A so-called complementarity systems approach has been proposed recently, holding that a number of factors need to be managed in a deliberately synchronized manner in order to generate productivity gains from such workers. However, this proposal does not provide specifications for how such synchronization must be conducted and researched. To remedy this gap, this research conducts two parallel and differently designed studies: a longitudinal quasi-randomized field experiment and a well-controlled online experiment. Regarded jointly, each study offers insights into the investigated phenomenon that the other does not, indicating that both studies complement each other. In particular, these two different research approaches to study the complementarities of productive IT use help us to establish how further research design should be developed to investigate individual productivity when a new, more aligned IT system in a company is used together with complementary factors. Moreover, the results from both studies jointly demonstrate that a mandatory context of IT use might provide better access to individuals with both adaptive and innovative cognitive styles than a voluntary working environment. Finally, both studies demonstrate that more detailed research is needed to understand how the productivity of individuals differs when inappropriate cognitive styles are included in complementarity set-ups. Therefore, the two studies offer new insights into the interplay between the studied factors that condition the productivity of information workers and show the importance of analysing a complex phenomenon with multiple, different, and complementary research designs, as each design has inherent conditions with opportunities and limitations, in order to reveal characteristics about the phenomenon being investigated.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
UK: ACPI, 2018
Keywords
complementarity systems approach, individual productivity, information worker, methodological insights, online experiment, quasi-randomized field experiment
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects Business Administration Economics
Research subject
Economy, Business administration; Computer and Information Sciences Computer Science, Information Systems; Economy, Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-76969 (URN)978-1-911218-92-0 (ISBN)
Conference
The 17th European Conference on Research Methodology for Business and Management Studies ECRM, 12-13 July, 2018, Rome
Available from: 2018-07-20 Created: 2018-07-20 Last updated: 2018-12-11Bibliographically approved
Oghazi, P., Rad, F. F., Karlsson, S. & Haftor, D. (2018). RFID and ERP systems in supply chain management. European Journal of Management and Business Economics, 27(2), 171-182
Open this publication in new window or tab >>RFID and ERP systems in supply chain management
2018 (English)In: European Journal of Management and Business Economics, ISSN 2444-8451, Vol. 27, no 2, p. 171-182Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to identify the impact of enterprise systems (ESs), in particular radio frequency identification (RFID) and enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems, on supply chain management (SCM). The results of this conceptual paper demonstrate that ERP and RFID systems contribute to SCM by improving supply chain integration. Supply chain integration occurs to facilitate the flow of financing, products, and information throughout the chain. In this regard, ERP and RFID contribute to integration by enhancing the information flow across the supply chain. Design/methodology/approach - This paper proposes a conceptual model developed from the findings of literature review within the research domains of SCM, ESs, and supply chain integration. Findings - This conceptual study contributes to the existing theory by linking the concept of information technology, ESs to SCM. The conceptual model in this paper may provide insights for executives who wish to implement ERP or RFID systems in their businesses in order to achieve higher integration, both within internal sectors and also with supply chain partners. Originality/value - The findings in this study contribute to the theory base by linking the concept of information technologies, ESs to SCM. The conceptual model presented in this paper can provide insights for executives who wish to implement ERP or RFID systems in their businesses in order to achieve higher integration within internal sectors and with supply chain partners. This study offers new understandings by investigating the impact of ERP and RFID together on SCM.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2018
Keywords
Enterprise resource planning (ERP), Supply chain management, Information technology, Supply chain integration, Enterprise systems, Radio frequency identification (RFID)
National Category
Economics and Business
Research subject
Economy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-79531 (URN)10.1108/EJMBE-02-2018-0031 (DOI)000440630200005 ()
Available from: 2019-01-17 Created: 2019-01-17 Last updated: 2019-01-17Bibliographically approved
Chowdhury, S., Haftor, D. & Pashkevich, N. (2018). Smart Product-Service Systems (Smart PSS) in Industrial Firms: A Literature Review. In: Tomohiko Sakao, Mattias Lindahl, Yang Liu, Carl Dalhammar (Ed.), 10th CIRP Conference on Industrial Product-Service Systems, IPS2 2018, 29-31 May 2018, Linköping, Sweden: . Paper presented at 10th CIRP Conference on Industrial Product-Service Systems, IPS2 2018, 29-31 May 2018, Linköping, Sweden (pp. 26-31). Elsevier, 73
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Smart Product-Service Systems (Smart PSS) in Industrial Firms: A Literature Review
2018 (English)In: 10th CIRP Conference on Industrial Product-Service Systems, IPS2 2018, 29-31 May 2018, Linköping, Sweden / [ed] Tomohiko Sakao, Mattias Lindahl, Yang Liu, Carl Dalhammar, Elsevier, 2018, Vol. 73, p. 26-31Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

During the last few decades, the PSS literature has documented industrial firms’ transformation from the product dominant logic of business to product-service bundles constituted by machines and related services. This transformation has had several dramatic implications on firms’ profitability, strategy, operations, organizational setting, sales and marketing approaches, and R&D practices. However, more recently, industrial firms have started to adopt various smart technologies that are embedded within the PSS. The use of smart technologies in PSS gives rise to the new types of PSS that are referred to in this paper as Smart PSS. Based on a literature review of 43 papers from relevant academic fields, this paper seeks answer to the following research question: what are the value creating features of smart product service systems (Smart PSS) in industrial firms? We synthesize the knowledge on Smart PSS to provide a definition and show the distinctive features of Smart PSS and propose an agenda for future research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
Series
Procedia CIRP, ISSN 2212-8271
Keywords
Smart PSS, smart technologies, value systems and business models, digital boundary objects, intelligent dynamic capabilities
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-77070 (URN)10.1016/j.procir.2018.03.333 (DOI)
Conference
10th CIRP Conference on Industrial Product-Service Systems, IPS2 2018, 29-31 May 2018, Linköping, Sweden
Available from: 2018-08-07 Created: 2018-08-07 Last updated: 2018-12-11Bibliographically approved
von Schéele, F. & Haftor, D. (2018). Temporal workload in economic organizations: A hidden non-linear condition of economic efficiency. Journal of Business Research, 88, 415-420
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Temporal workload in economic organizations: A hidden non-linear condition of economic efficiency
2018 (English)In: Journal of Business Research, ISSN 0148-2963, E-ISSN 1873-7978, Vol. 88, p. 415-420Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A temporal workload model is introduced to identify the relationship between the work time and economic performance of the activities conducted by a human agent in the context of an economic organization. The model's novelty derives from the account of time perception and its consequent cognitive time distortion, the latter being understood as a discrepancy between physical and cognitive time. Current praxis, both theoretical and empirical, assumes only physical time. This assumption is challenged here through the inclusion of time perception and cognitive time distortion in estimating the temporal workload of an economic agent. This inclusion enables a novel comprehension of frequent operational challenges, such as work delays, human stress, output quality issues, and economic inefficiencies. The main contribution to the literature is a specification of a new condition that governs the performance of any economic organization where human agents conduct time assessments.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
Keywords
Performance management, Timetabling, Cognitive processes, Human resource planning, Temporal experience
National Category
Economics and Business
Research subject
Economy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-76866 (URN)10.1016/j.jbusres.2018.01.042 (DOI)000434004100044 ()
Available from: 2018-07-17 Created: 2018-07-17 Last updated: 2018-07-17Bibliographically approved
Pashkevich, V. & Haftor, D. (2017). An Analytical Framework for the Analysis of an Information Economy. In: Kavoura, A Sakas, DP Tomaras, P (Ed.), Strategic Innovative Marketing: . Paper presented at 4th International Conference on Strategic Innovative Marketing (IC-SIM), SEP 24-27, 2015, Mykonos, GREECE (pp. 647-653). Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>An Analytical Framework for the Analysis of an Information Economy
2017 (English)In: Strategic Innovative Marketing / [ed] Kavoura, A Sakas, DP Tomaras, P, Springer, 2017, p. 647-653Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper presents an analytical framework, understood as a set of interrelated attributes and analytical methods, aimed to enable the identification and characterization of a country's information economy. This characterization is in terms of the size, structure, and dynamics of an information economy, and more specifically its economic value created, labour input, jobs, and their wages. An application of the proposed analytical framework has the potential to uncover hidden economic structures and processes, which in turn may guide policy formulation for future job creation, educational efforts, and business environment stimulation, all aimed at a positive economic development.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2017
Series
Springer Proceedings in Business and Economics, ISSN 2198-7246
Keywords
Information economy, Digital economy, Information worker, Job substitution, Information-material decomposition
National Category
Computer and Information Sciences Economics and Business
Research subject
Computer and Information Sciences Computer Science, Information Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-67111 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-33865-1_79 (DOI)000405332300081 ()978-3-319-33865-1 (ISBN)978-3-319-33863-7 (ISBN)
Conference
4th International Conference on Strategic Innovative Marketing (IC-SIM), SEP 24-27, 2015, Mykonos, GREECE
Available from: 2017-07-28 Created: 2017-07-28 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved
Boshuijzen- van Burken, C. & Haftor, D. (2017). An Assessment of the Uber App’s NormativePractice. Philosophia Reformata, 82, 192-215
Open this publication in new window or tab >>An Assessment of the Uber App’s NormativePractice
2017 (English)In: Philosophia Reformata, ISSN 0031-8035, Vol. 82, p. 192-215Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study analyzes a complex case in society, namely, how to distinguish ride-sharing applications, such as Uber, from ordinary taxi enterprises. We conduct a structural analysis of normative practices with distinctions at the following levels: (1) aspects; (2) radical types, genotypes, and phenotypes; (3) part-whole, enkaptic relationships, and interlinkages; and (4) the distinction between qualifying and foundational functions as it is captured in the theory of normative practices. We conclude that the genotype of taxi matchmaking enterprises, of which Uber is an example, represents a novel normativity that could positively serve society and also produce normative challenges, depending on its governance. Therefore, regulators should not dismiss the entire genotype of taxi matchmaking enterprises, but should address the phenotypes that are illegal or that cannot thrive without the illegal behaviors of its users. This conclusion is clear from the structural and directional sides of the practice.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Brill Academic Publishers, 2017
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Research subject
Computer and Information Sciences Computer Science, Information Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-74495 (URN)10.1163/23528230-08202006 (DOI)
Available from: 2018-05-23 Created: 2018-05-23 Last updated: 2018-05-23Bibliographically approved
Mostaghel, R., Oghazi, P., Haftor, D., Parida, V. & Vincent, J. (2017). Circular Business Models: What are they?. In: The 24th Nordic Academy of Management Conference: . Paper presented at The 24th Nordic Academy of Management Conference, 23-25 August, 2017. Bodo, Norway
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Circular Business Models: What are they?
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2017 (English)In: The 24th Nordic Academy of Management Conference, Bodo, Norway, 2017Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Bodo, Norway: , 2017
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-74320 (URN)
Conference
The 24th Nordic Academy of Management Conference, 23-25 August, 2017
Projects
VINNOVA
Note

Ej belagd 181015

Available from: 2018-05-12 Created: 2018-05-12 Last updated: 2018-10-15Bibliographically approved
Haftor, D. (2017). Digitala affärsmodeller: är det något för läkemedelsbolagen?. Pharma industry, 39-41
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Digitala affärsmodeller: är det något för läkemedelsbolagen?
2017 (Swedish)In: Pharma industry, ISSN 1403-7416, , p. 4p. 39-41Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Abstract [sv]

Det finns i dag väldigt många hälsorelaterade appar tillgängliga för nedladdning. Och intresset för att ta fram digitala patienthjälpmedel är stort bland läkemedelsbolagen. I denna artikel av Darek M. Haftor, professor i informatik vid Linnéuniversitet, får vi en inblick i hur man skapar ekonomiskt värde med hjälp av appar utvecklade för personer med kroniska sjukdomar.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Pharma Industry Publishing, 2017. p. 4
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Computer and Information Sciences Computer Science, Information Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-64382 (URN)
Available from: 2017-05-25 Created: 2017-05-25 Last updated: 2017-05-29Bibliographically approved
Pashkevich, N. & Haftor, D. (2017). Software programmer productivity: a complementary-based research model. In: Proceedings of the 25th European Conference on Information Systems (ECIS), Guimarães, Portugal, June 5-10, 2017: . Paper presented at ECIS 2017, 25th European Conference on Information Systems, Guimarães, Portugal, June 5-10, 2017 (pp. 2755-2766). Association for Information Systems
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Software programmer productivity: a complementary-based research model
2017 (English)In: Proceedings of the 25th European Conference on Information Systems (ECIS), Guimarães, Portugal, June 5-10, 2017, Association for Information Systems, 2017, , p. 10p. 2755-2766Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The identification of the factors that condition a software programmer’s productivity remains a key challenge for both scholars and practitioners. While a number of studies have focused on the impact of one or a few particular factors, the way these factors jointly condition programmer productivity is still unknown. This paper presents a conceptual model aimed at a comprehensive understanding of the factors that complement each other to govern the productivity of a software programmer. The model is based on complementarity theory and its systems approach and addresses an individual worker’s productivity, which accounts for cognitive, technological, and organizational characteristics. The analyzed factors are organized into a system of complementarities, offering two propositions that specify the conditions of a programmer’s productivity. The model’s key contribution lies in its unique configuration of two systems of complementarities, which have the potential to add to the literature on the productivity of software programmers. The proposed model can be employed as a guidance for the design of empirical investigations of the conditions of individual software programmers’ productivity as well as information worker productivity in general.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Association for Information Systems, 2017. p. 10
Keywords
Complementarity, Individual productivity, Software programming, Systems approach
National Category
Information Systems
Research subject
Computer and Information Sciences Computer Science, Information Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-75604 (URN)9780991556700 (ISBN)
Conference
ECIS 2017, 25th European Conference on Information Systems, Guimarães, Portugal, June 5-10, 2017
Available from: 2018-06-11 Created: 2018-06-11 Last updated: 2018-12-11Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-0491-2122

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