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Lindblad, Fredrik
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Lindblad, F., Lehman, K. & Aggerstam, E. (2019). A comparative study of the environmental impact from transportation of prefabricated building elements using wood or concrete. International Journal of Engineering and Technology, 11(3), 154-161
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A comparative study of the environmental impact from transportation of prefabricated building elements using wood or concrete
2019 (English)In: International Journal of Engineering and Technology, ISSN 1793-8236, E-ISSN 1793-8244, Vol. 11, no 3, p. 154-161Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

As many as 240 of Sweden's 290 municipalities estimated that there existed a housing shortage within their region. Therefore, many homes are required to be built in a relatively short period to fulfil the demand.  Production is required to take into consideration sustainable building solutions to reduce climate impact. Hence, logistics must become more efficient to contribute to an environmental solution, and the use of transports should be examined reducing the effect of heavy vehicles to meet the climate objectives.

The focus of this study is to identify differences between the transportation of materials for building projects based on wood or concrete. Different key performance indicators were derived from the collected data and presented in this study, which resulted in two formulas focusing on transport- and environmental impact. 

The KPI’s indicates that the weight of the load does not have an important impact on the amount of emitted CO2, but it is the number of transports associated with the projects that are the main problem regarding emissions and environmental impact. Hence, the number of transports and the amount of CO2 emissions can be calculated by the support of the formulas derived from this study.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Eskişehir: Anadolu University, 2019
Keywords
Multi-family houses, prefabrication, environmental impact, transportation, wood, concrete, transport utilisation.
National Category
Mechanical Engineering
Research subject
Technology (byts ev till Engineering), Industrial economy; Economy, Logistics; Technology (byts ev till Engineering), Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-85662 (URN)10.7763/IJET.2019.V11.1139 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-06-19 Created: 2019-06-19 Last updated: 2019-06-27Bibliographically approved
Lindblad, F. (2019). A review of Växjö Municipality’s operational and strategic development constraints related to the construction of wooden multi-family houses. Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A review of Växjö Municipality’s operational and strategic development constraints related to the construction of wooden multi-family houses
2019 (English)In: Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture, ISSN 1934-7359, E-ISSN 1934-7367Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
Abstract [en]

Sweden has a housing shortage, which the Swedish authorities expect to continue until 2025. Producers of wooden multi-family houses have a relatively small market share in comparison to traditional building materials. The limited capability to fulfil the increased building demand also restricts the possibilities for development towards innovation, bio-economy and sustainability. The municipalities in Sweden have responsible for planning of the building development in their region based on their projected requirements and strategies. Combining this with a desire to develop sustainable building solutions based on wood increases the complexity. Currently, public building developments are achieved through the public procurement act or the land allocation activity, dependent on their development strategy. This normally involves the development of local strategies regarding, e.g. design, material choice and geographical development. By identifying market drivers enables improved market entry activities related to public building initiatives using wood-based solutions. Hence, by improving transparency in the land allocation activity generate enhanced possibilities for the companies to respond successfully to the requests submitted by the municipalities. This knowledge is used to better understand the required strategic development for the companies, the government and the municipalities to increase the use of sustainable building materials in Swedish multi-family housing projects.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
David Publishing Company, 2019
Keywords
Wooden multi-family buildings, public process, sustainable construction, governance.
National Category
Public Administration Studies Other Civil Engineering
Research subject
Technology (byts ev till Engineering), Industrial economy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-87005 (URN)
Available from: 2019-07-26 Created: 2019-07-26 Last updated: 2019-12-04
Lindblad, F. (2019). Barriers in the Public Procurement Process: Restricting Long-Term Sustainable Construction of Wooden Buildings. Scandinavian Journal of Public Administration, 23(2), 13-32
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Barriers in the Public Procurement Process: Restricting Long-Term Sustainable Construction of Wooden Buildings
2019 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Administration, ISSN 2001-7405, E-ISSN 2001-7413, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 13-32Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The municipalities control the planning of new housing projects in Sweden, basing their decisions on the general requirements and future strategic expectations. The activity is managed through the Public Procurement Act or the land allocation process depending on their development strategy. It involves the development of local strategies regarding design and geographical development, as well as the development of suitable procurement methods. Therefore, having the ambition to develop sustainability by increasing the use of wood building solutions imposes new challenges on the procurement process performed by municipalities in Sweden. The aim of this study is to identify ways to overcome barriers in the public procurement process for new building developments based on land allocation projects managed by Swedish municipalities, enabling an increase in wooden multifamily houses in Sweden. The study is based on direct participation at a municipality performing this activity, combined with interviews including municipalities and developers involved in the procurement process using land allocation. The result shows discrepancies in how the municipalities and developers perceive the land allocation activities. Furthermore, national standards, equal evaluation methods and a defined procurement process have been identified as drivers towards an efficient activity, which currently acts as a barrier to the development of wooden multifamily houses.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
School of Public Administration, 2019
National Category
Other Mechanical Engineering Public Administration Studies
Research subject
Technology (byts ev till Engineering), Industrial economy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-85341 (URN)
Available from: 2019-06-14 Created: 2019-06-14 Last updated: 2019-08-27Bibliographically approved
Lindblad, F. (2019). Identifying drivers and barriers for market growth within the industry producing wooden multi-family houses: Land allocation process for future growth. (Doctoral dissertation). Växjö: Linnaeus University Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Identifying drivers and barriers for market growth within the industry producing wooden multi-family houses: Land allocation process for future growth
2019 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

At present, Sweden is experiencing a housing shortage, which Swedish authorities expect to continue until at least 2025. Producers of wooden multi-family houses have a relatively small market share compared to those who use traditional building materials. Limited ability to meet the increased building demand restricts possibilities for development regarding innovation, bio-economy and sustainability.

 

Swedish municipalities are responsible for planning the building development in their regions based on their projected requirements and strategies. Combining this with a desire to develop sustainable building solutions based on wood increases complexity in the public procurement process. Currently, public building developments are achieved through the Public Procurement Act or land-allocation activity, depending on the development strategy. This normally involves developing local strategies regarding, e.g. design, material choice and geographical development. Identifying drivers and barriers in the industry and market enables improved market entry activities related to public building initiatives using wood-based solutions. Hence, improving transparency in land-allocation activity generates possibilities for companies to respond successfully to requests from municipalities. This knowledge is used to better understand the required strategic development for companies, the government and municipalities to increase use of sustainable building materials such as wood in Swedish multi-family housing projects.

 

Results show that the industry experiences barriers associated with municipalities' actions and knowledge related to wood as a building solution. Further, concrete’s strength as a building material is an issue, since municipalities tend to opt for familiar solutions. Furthermore, the way in which municipalities manage land-allocation activity is perceived as insufficient, with limited information, a subjective evaluation process, and uncertainties regarding their roles in the process. These factors contribute to ambiguity and sub-optimisation for developers proposing wood-based building solutions.

Abstract [sv]

Sverige är just nu inne i en bostadskris som enligt de svenska myndigheterna förväntas fortsätta fram till 2025. Tillverkare av flerfamiljshus i trä har en relativt liten marknadsandel jämfört med de traditionella byggnadsmaterialen. Den begränsade byggkapaciteten av träbyggnation hindrar även möjligheterna till innovation, bioekonomi och hållbarhet med fokus på miljömässiga och hållbara byggnadsmetoder.

 

Svenska kommuner ansvarar för att planera en lämplig bostadsutveckling som bygger på krav och strategier i relation till bostadsförsörjningsplanen. Komplexiteten ökar när man kombinerar den ökade efterfrågan med en önskan att utveckla hållbara byggnadslösningar baserade på trä, vilket för närvarande uppnås genom offentlig upphandling eller markanvisning beroende på kommunens utvecklingsstrategi. Detta kan även inkludera lokala strategier beträffande t.ex. design, materialval och geografisk utveckling. Genom att analysera industrins drivkrafter och barriärer kan förbättringsfaktorer identifieras och kunskap om dessa kan bidra till en marknadsutveckling av träbyggnation relaterat till kommunernas behov av bostadsförsörjning. En ökad tydlighet medför förbättrade möjligheter för företag att framgångsrikt svara på kommunernas förfrågan gällande bostadsutvecklingsprojekt. Denna kunskap kan även användas av företagen, regeringen och kommunerna för att bättre förstå det strategiska utvecklingsbehovet relaterat till hållbart byggande av flerfamiljshus med trästomme.

 

Resultaten i denna avhandling visar att industrin upplever hinder som hör samman med kommunernas agerande och dess kunskapsnivå avseende till träbyggnadslösningar. Den nuvarande marknadsdominans för betong som byggmaterial är ett problem då kommunerna ofta tenderar att välja välkända lösningar. Industrin upplever att kunskapsnivån bland de kommuner som hanterarar markanvisningar är otillräcklig, med subjektiva bedömningar av de presenterade byggnadslösningarna, samt kombinerat med otydliga roller inom markanvisningsprocessen. Dessa faktorer bidrar till osäkerhet och suboptimering för de byggherrar som föreslår en bygglösning baserat på trä.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Växjö: Linnaeus University Press, 2019. p. 187
Series
Linnaeus University Dissertations ; 345
Keywords
Wooden multi-family houses, Industry structure, Land allocation activity, Public procurement process, Company drivers, Market barriers.
National Category
Other Mechanical Engineering
Research subject
Technology (byts ev till Engineering), Forestry and Wood Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-84503 (URN)978-91-88898-42-5 (ISBN)978-91-88898-43-2 (ISBN)
Public defence
2019-08-28, N1017, Växjö, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2019-06-04 Created: 2019-06-03 Last updated: 2019-12-06Bibliographically approved
Lindblad, F. (2019). Living quality in wooden multi-family houses. Pro Ligno
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Living quality in wooden multi-family houses
2019 (English)In: Pro Ligno, ISSN 1841-4737, E-ISSN 2069-7430Article in journal (Refereed) Accepted
Abstract [en]

There is an increased demand for multi-family houses in Sweden, which makes it important to investigate what the residents consider to be building quality in relation to their living situation and what they prioritise when selecting an apartment. Having the ability to build good housing units is an essential part of society since it directly affects people's living standard and way of life. Consequently, understanding living quality creates possibilities to adjust the construction and design of housing units accordingly. Currently, more multi-family houses are being built with wooden frames than ever before, and it is therefore interesting to compare if there is a difference in how residents experience the quality of living in a multi-family house with wooden frames compared with concrete frames.The purpose is to show what residents consider to be living quality and if there is any quality difference in housing units using wood or concrete as construction material in the building frame. A survey has been sent out to a selected amount of multi-family houses in Sweden, Thereby, gain an understanding of the perceived quality of new building developments, which showed that the quality of living did not differ between the selected materials and the location in the city was the most important parameter when choosing accommodation for the residents.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Transilvania University Press Brasov, 2019
Keywords
Wooden multi-family houses; living quality; wood construction; design selection; building material.
National Category
Public Administration Studies Building Technologies
Research subject
Technology (byts ev till Engineering), Industrial economy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-86264 (URN)
Available from: 2019-07-09 Created: 2019-07-09 Last updated: 2019-12-04
Lindblad, F. (2019). Market development barriers for the Swedish wooden multi-family house industry. International Journal of Engineering and Technology, 11(3), 187-195
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Market development barriers for the Swedish wooden multi-family house industry
2019 (English)In: International Journal of Engineering and Technology, ISSN 1793-8236, E-ISSN 1793-8244, Vol. 11, no 3, p. 187-195Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Swedish industry for wooden multi-family houses have in comparison with houses in concrete had a relatively small market share. This contradicts EU’s ambitions defined in the Europe 2020 strategy, focusing on development towards innovation, bio-economy and sustainability. These strategies highlight the importance of developing the wooden multi-family houses industry to fulfil the increased market demand combined with increased sustainability in the building industry.This study aims to identify barriers enabling market growth for the Swedish industry producing wooden multi-family houses. Current barriers within the industry are reviewed by identifying areas restricting the development, e.g. the building process and procurement cycle. Thus, the goal is to find ways in which wooden multi-family houses could improve competitiveness compared to established solutions and increase its market share. The study was conducted with representatives from municipalities, developers, contractors, architects and real estate companies providing insights on new strategic possibilities in the building process.The result identifies different barriers that exist in various stages of the value chain, from procurement to construction. Furthermore, it indicates that wooden multi-family houses could be a competitive solution by developing new strategies, mitigating the identified market barriers facilitating growth towards sustainable building solutions. These instructions give you basic guidelines for preparing camera-ready papers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Eskişehir: Anadolu University, 2019
Keywords
market barriers, wooden multi-family houses, sustainable development, competitive advantage, market strategies, urban planning
National Category
Public Administration Studies Mechanical Engineering
Research subject
Technology (byts ev till Engineering), Industrial economy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-85660 (URN)10.7763/IJET.2019.V11.1145 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-06-19 Created: 2019-06-19 Last updated: 2019-06-27Bibliographically approved
Lindblad, F. (2019). Structural development of the tender based land allocation process enables an improved public building development activity. Wood Material Science & Engineering
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Structural development of the tender based land allocation process enables an improved public building development activity
2019 (English)In: Wood Material Science & Engineering, ISSN 1748-0272, E-ISSN 1748-0280Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Detailed planning for housing development is the responsibility of the respective municipalities in Sweden. Further, an ambition to develop sustainable building solutions based on wood is combined with each municipality’s building requirements, which increases complexity in the public process. Public actions leading to increased construction of wooden multi-family houses are important for all actors in this process, which is managed by municipalities through the Public Procurement Act or the land allocation process, depending on their development plan and strategy.

The aim is to shed light on how the land allocation process is currently performed, to improve efficiency and provide transparency and structure between developers and municipalities. The study uses the public procurement process as a conceptual model to structure the various activities in the land allocation process based on the similarities between the two processes. Thereafter, it is applied to the tender-based land allocation process to provide a transparent process for municipalities to follow.

The results display discrepancies in perception of the land allocation process and the level of competence displayed by municipalities when managing this process. This hinders the development of wooden multi-family houses in Sweden.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis Group, 2019
National Category
Public Administration Studies Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Technology (byts ev till Engineering), Industrial economy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-86210 (URN)10.1080/17480272.2019.1638451 (DOI)000474161400001 ()
Available from: 2019-07-05 Created: 2019-07-05 Last updated: 2019-12-06
Lindblad, F. (2019). Summary of research result from the “City development project Torparängen”. Växjö: Linnaeus University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Summary of research result from the “City development project Torparängen”
2019 (English)Report (Other academic)
Alternative title[sv]
Träbyggnadsarena Torparängen slutrapport 2019
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Växjö: Linnaeus University, 2019. p. 47
Keywords
Municipality, Development strategies, Wood buildings
National Category
Public Administration Studies Other Civil Engineering
Research subject
Technology (byts ev till Engineering), Industrial economy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-85343 (URN)
Note

This research project is supported by Växjö Municipality, VäxjöKommunföretag AB (VKAB) and Linnaeus University.

Available from: 2019-06-14 Created: 2019-06-14 Last updated: 2019-08-27Bibliographically approved
Lindblad, F. (2019). The building process: a boundless multidisciplinary research project related to wooden multi-family houses in Sweden. Pro Ligno
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The building process: a boundless multidisciplinary research project related to wooden multi-family houses in Sweden
2019 (English)In: Pro Ligno, ISSN 1841-4737, E-ISSN 2069-7430Article in journal (Refereed) Accepted
Abstract [en]

The wood-building industry of multi-family houses is increasing its market share in Sweden, yet the research and education are not incorporating a total building process perspective. Typically, research is conducted in individual areas without having an overall coordinated perspective, which increases the risk of sub-optimisation. In a unique project in Sweden, several components in the building process have been studied within one project; “City development project Torparängen”. The purpose was to gain a broader understanding of what influence the development of wooden multi-family houses, combining the effect from technological and non-technological advancements, which intended to support the development of a new wood building strategy.By reviewing several areas within the building process provided information related to how market strategies, procurement methodologies, leadership and project management, equally influence the development as the more traditional fields in the industry, i.e. material handling, lean production, logistics and production improvement. Further, having the possibility to capture end-user preferences in this process provides opportunities to develop a more agile building process, adjusting market and production activities accordingly. The study was conducted during two years and involved approximately 250 respondents in different roles, and active in the building process within companies and governmental organisations across Sweden.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Transilvania University Press Brasov, 2019
Keywords
Wooden multi-family houses; research and education; multidisciplinary; development strategy; building process
National Category
Public Administration Studies Other Civil Engineering
Research subject
Technology (byts ev till Engineering), Industrial economy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-86266 (URN)
Available from: 2019-07-09 Created: 2019-07-09 Last updated: 2019-12-04
Lindblad, F. (2018). A Case Study of Växjö Municipality’s Actions to Increase the Construction of Wooden Multi-Family Buildings. In: 7th Forum Wood Building Nordic - Växjö 2018: . Paper presented at 7th Forum Wood Building Nordic - Växjö 2018.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Case Study of Växjö Municipality’s Actions to Increase the Construction of Wooden Multi-Family Buildings
2018 (English)In: 7th Forum Wood Building Nordic - Växjö 2018, 2018Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In 2005, a national wood-building strategy was adopted with the aim that 30 % of all new buildings within 10-15 years should use a wood-frame and that the number of buildings out of wood increase by 30% within a five-year period (Ds 2004:1). Despite this, less than 10 % of the multi-family houses are currently being built in wood, and the building developments in Sweden continue to show an upward trend for using concrete in building solutions for multi-family houses (Sveriges Träbyggnadskansli 2017; Svensk Betong 2016). However, several municipalities in Sweden chose to develop against this prevailing trend, Växjö municipality being one of them. Hence, Växjö municipality have since the implementation of the national wood-building strategy focused on using wood in new building projects. Therefore, Växjö municipality already in 2015 reached the municipal objective where 25 % of the construction directly controlled by the municipality would be wood-based. There is currently a change under way within public governance, from 'government to governance', which usually represents a shift from central governance to interactive governance because of a shift from public sector control to the private sector control (Montin & Hedlund 2009). In practice, this means that much of the power and control of municipalities has been transferred to private or other social actors Vall (2007). The planning for the construction of buildings has changed historically. Today, this is largely based on market actors fulfilling the requirement, and municipalities are expected to develop controlling instruments in line with the goals mentioned in the environmental policy and housing policy (Boverket, 2016). The municipality is expected to meet the public interest in housing and contribute to achieving Sweden's environmental and climate objectives, while at the same time the government are attempting to influence municipalities through the planning and environmental legislation that regulates construction.

National Category
Construction Management Other Civil Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-79210 (URN)
Conference
7th Forum Wood Building Nordic - Växjö 2018
Available from: 2018-12-14 Created: 2018-12-14 Last updated: 2019-01-17Bibliographically approved
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