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Rask, Mikael
Publications (10 of 49) Show all publications
Strand, T., Törnqvist, E., Rask, M. & Roxberg, Å. (2018). An intervention-based study of how MRI is perceived by patients with spinal metastasis after adjustments to the examination procedures. Journal of Radiology Nursing, 37(2), 119-125
Open this publication in new window or tab >>An intervention-based study of how MRI is perceived by patients with spinal metastasis after adjustments to the examination procedures
2018 (English)In: Journal of Radiology Nursing, ISSN 1546-0843, E-ISSN 1555-9912, Vol. 37, no 2, p. 119-125Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim was to explore magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) experiences of patients with spinal metastasis after adjustments to the examination procedures have been made in accordance with the findings from a previous study. MRI is an important medical technology, which is considered to be the first choice of examination method when diagnosing and evaluating spinal metastatic tumors. It is a challenge to care for patients who experience anxiety and pain during an MRI. However, several aspects of the examination can be adjusted to improve the care for these patients. Findings from previous research were used to develop a care intervention, the effects of which are explored in this study. Qualitative deductive-inductive content analysis was used in this study. Eleven patients with spinal metastasis were interviewed about their experiences of going through an MRI scan based on an intervention designed in accordance with the findings from previous research. The findings showed that adjustments to the examination often were perceived as beneficial. However, patients needed to be involved in the decisions that influenced their own care. Time was an important component that affected the need for being prepared as well as the degree of personalization of the examination. This study shows that patients need to be seen as unique individuals, and they need to be able to influence the care that is given to them. The personalization of and adjustments to the examination routines need to be carried out in agreement with the patient.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
Keywords
Magnetic resonance imaging, Neoplasm metastasis, Patient experience
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-73037 (URN)10.1016/j.jradnu.2018.02.001 (DOI)
Available from: 2018-04-19 Created: 2018-04-19 Last updated: 2018-06-15Bibliographically approved
Strand, T., Törnqvist, E., Rask, M. & Roxberg, Å. (2018). Caring for patients with spinal metastasis during an MRI examination. Radiography, 24(1), 79-83
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Caring for patients with spinal metastasis during an MRI examination
2018 (English)In: Radiography, ISSN 1078-8174, E-ISSN 1532-2831, Vol. 24, no 1, p. 79-83Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is without question the best tool used for diagnosing and evaluating spinal metastasis. An MRI examination is known to be of great value for the treatment planning and survival of these patients. Radiographers have an important role in how the quality of care is experienced by the patients during an MRI examination. The purpose of the study was to describe the radiographers’ perceptions of caring for patients with spinal metastasis during an examination with MRI.

Methods: Phenomenography was used to analyze the data in this study. Ten radiographers, one male and nine females were interviewed about their perception of caring for patients with spinal metastasis during an MRI examination.

Results: The findings showed that the radiographers’ caring perspective influenced their approach towards what they consider to be essential in the care of patients with spinal metastasis. This can impact the extent of the adjustment to the care needs of the patients. Furthermore, the findings showed that there was a strong connection between the radiographers’ care approach and preparedness to personalize the care.

Conclusion: This study shows that it is important to be flexible when providing care for the patients. A person-centered care is achieved when the caring perspective is based on the patient’s view and adjustments are made in agreement with the patient.

Keywords
MRI, Nurse-patient interaction, Care giving
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Health and Caring Sciences, Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-65561 (URN)10.1016/j.radi.2017.06.001 (DOI)
Available from: 2017-06-19 Created: 2017-06-19 Last updated: 2018-04-19Bibliographically approved
Gardsten, C., Blomqvist, K., Rask, M., Larsson, Å., Lindberg, A. & Olsson, G. (2018). Challenges in everyday life among recently diagnosed and more experienced adults with type 2 diabetes: A multistage focus group study. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 27(19-20), 3666-3678
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Challenges in everyday life among recently diagnosed and more experienced adults with type 2 diabetes: A multistage focus group study
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2018 (English)In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 27, no 19-20, p. 3666-3678Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aims and objectivesTo identify perceived challenges related to self-management among recently diagnosed adults and those with longer experience of type 2 diabetes as a foundation for the future development of a person-centred information and communication technology service. BackgroundLearning self-management of type 2 diabetes includes mastering the skills required to complete complex emotional and physical tasks. A service developed with the participation of stakeholders may be an alternative way to meet rising needs for self-management. DesignQualitative descriptive design influenced by a participatory approach. MethodsMultistage focus group interviews among one group of recently diagnosed (3years, n=4) adults and one group with longer experience (5years, n=7) of type 2 diabetes. ResultsChallenges in self-management in everyday life with type 2 diabetes were identified: understanding; developing skills and abilities; and mobilising personal strengths. Both groups described challenges in understanding the causes of fluctuating blood glucose and in developing and mobilising skills for choosing healthful food and eating regularly. The recently diagnosed group was more challenged by learning to accept the diagnosis and becoming motivated to change habits while the experienced group was mainly challenged by issues about complications and medications. ConclusionAdults with diabetes have different needs for support during different phases of the disease. From a person-centred perspective, it would be desirable to meet individual needs for self-management on peoples' own terms through a technological service that could reach and connect to a large number of people. Relevance to clinical practiceDiabetes nurses need to address the knowledge needs of patients with diabetes and support them in developing self-management skills. Consistent with person-centred care, practitioners should also encourage patients' abilities to mobilise their own personal strengths to maintain self-management.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell, 2018
Keywords
chronic illness, focus groups, patient teaching, patient-centred care, self-management, type 2 diabetes
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Health and Caring Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-78096 (URN)10.1111/jocn.14330 (DOI)000444077000024 ()29495094 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2018-10-01 Created: 2018-10-01 Last updated: 2018-10-01Bibliographically approved
Brolin, R., Syrén, S., Rask, M., Sandgren, A. & Brunt, D. (2018). Residents' perceptions of the most positive and negative aspects of the housing situation for people with psychiatric disabilities. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, 32(2), 603-611
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Residents' perceptions of the most positive and negative aspects of the housing situation for people with psychiatric disabilities
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2018 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 32, no 2, p. 603-611Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The major aim of the present study was to explore what people with psychiatric disabilities, living in two different types of housing, consider to be the best and the worst in their housing situation. A secondary aim was to explore to what extent additional questions to a questionnaire with a free-response format can provide complementary information to the previous knowledge in the field. The content analysis revealed that the physical attributes were of great significance for the residents in ordinary housing, while both psychosocial aspects and physical attributes were important for those living in supported housing. When providing good housing solutions for people with psychiatric disabilities, attention needs to be given to these aspects by politicians, policymakers as well as by nursing staff.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell, 2018
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-56282 (URN)10.1111/scs.12485 (DOI)000436254800016 ()
Available from: 2016-09-01 Created: 2016-09-01 Last updated: 2018-07-17Bibliographically approved
Lundqvist, L.-O., Ivarsson, A.-B., Rask, M., Brunt, D. & Schröder, A. (2018). The attendees' view of quality in community-based day centre services for people with psychiatric disabilities.. Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 25(3), 162-171
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The attendees' view of quality in community-based day centre services for people with psychiatric disabilities.
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2018 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 25, no 3, p. 162-171Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Community-based day centres in Sweden are well-established arenas for psychiatric rehabilitation, but little is known of the attendees' perception of the quality of the service provided. The aim of the study was thus to describe and investigate the quality of the services in community-based day centre for people with psychiatric disabilities.

METHODS: A sample of 218 attendees in 14 community-based day centre services in Sweden completed the Quality in Psychiatric Care - Daily Activities (QPC-DA).

RESULTS: The results showed that people with psychiatric disabilities perceived the quality of community-based day centre services as high. Most notably, quality of service was rated higher by those with lower educational level, had waited shorter time to attend the centre, and had better mental and physical health. However, particularly aspects of a secluded environment and participation (information) may be areas with potential for improvement.

CONCLUSION/SIGNIFICANCE: From an occupational science perspective, the results adhere to the importance of occupational balance, with periods of rest/privacy during the time at the centre.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2018
Keywords
Daily activities, occupational balance, participation, quality of care
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Research subject
Health and Caring Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-74283 (URN)10.1080/11038128.2017.1283441 (DOI)000429357900002 ()28145145 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2018-05-09 Created: 2018-05-09 Last updated: 2018-06-28Bibliographically approved
Rask, M., Albinsson, G., Safipour, J., Wenneberg, S., Andersson, L., Carlsson Blomster, M., . . . Lindqvist, G. (2018). Validation of the verbal and social interaction questionnaire for nursing students: the focus of nursing students in their relationship with patients. Journal of Nursing Education and Practice, 8(4), 81-88
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Validation of the verbal and social interaction questionnaire for nursing students: the focus of nursing students in their relationship with patients
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2018 (English)In: Journal of Nursing Education and Practice, ISSN 1925-4040, E-ISSN 1925-4059, Vol. 8, no 4, p. 81-88Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Verbal and Social Interaction Nursing Students questionnaire (VSI-NS) has been created to measure the development of verbal, social and interactional skills of nursing students with patients, from their perspective in nursing care. The aim of the present study was to determine the construct validity and internal consistency reliability of the questionnaire. The study had a methodological and developmental design and was carried out in four steps: adjustment of the items, face validity, data collection and data analysis. The number of items was reduced from 48 to 31. The factor analysis of the final 31 items resulted in four quite distinct factors: “Inviting to talk about feelings and thoughts”, “Building a caring relationship”, “Encouraging social and practical aspects in daily life” and “Caring towards health and wellbeing”. The results showed satisfactory psychometric properties in terms of content validity, construct validity and the internal consistency reliability of the questionnaire.  It could be concluded that the original conceptual model could serve as a theoretical foundation to explain and understand nurses’ caring interactions with their patients.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sciedu Press, 2018
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-69195 (URN)10.5430/jnep.v8n4p81 (DOI)
Available from: 2017-12-12 Created: 2017-12-12 Last updated: 2018-01-10Bibliographically approved
Ge, L., Zheng, Q.-X., Liao, Y.-T., Tan, J.-Y., Xie, Q.-L. & Rask, M. (2017). Effects of traditional Chinese exercises on the rehabilitation of limb function among stroke patients: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, 29, 35-47
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Effects of traditional Chinese exercises on the rehabilitation of limb function among stroke patients: A systematic review and meta-analysis
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2017 (English)In: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, ISSN 1744-3881, E-ISSN 1873-6947, Vol. 29, p. 35-47Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: To systematically review literature about the rehabilitative effects of traditional Chinese exercises (TCEs) on limb function among patients with stroke. Methods: Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Twelve electronic databases were searched from their inceptions to February 2017, including PudMed, The Cochrane Library, Web of Science, EMBase, Science Direct, PsycINFO, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Allied and Complementary Medicine, Chinese Scientific Journal Database, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database and WanFang Data. RCTs were located to examine the rehabilitative effects of TCEs on limb function among stroke patients. Two authors independently screened the literature, extracted data and assessed the risk bias of the included studies. Methodological quality evaluation and meta-analysis of included studies was performed by using Cochrane Collaboration's tool (RevMan 5.3). Results: A total of 31 RCTs with 2349 participants were included. Results of meta-analysis showed that TCEs produced positive effects on limb motor function (random effects model, standardized mean difference [SMD] = 1.21, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.66 to 1.77, P < 0.01), balance function{Berg balance scale: (random effects model, SMD = 2.07, 95% CI = 1.52 to 2.62, P < 0.01), timed-up-and-go test: (fixed effects model, mean difference [MD] = - 1.77, 95% CI = -2.87 to -0.67, P < 0.01)}, activities of daily living (ADL) ability {Barthel Index scale: (random effects model, MD = 15.60, 95% CI = 7.57 to 23.63, P < 0.01), Modified Barthel Index scale: (random effects model, MD = 12.30, 95% CI = 7.48 to 17.12, P < 0.01)}, and neurological impairment (fixed effects model, MD = -2.57, 95% CI = -3.14 to -2.00, P < 0.01). After subgroup analysis and sensitivity analysis, the positive effects did not be affected by different types of TCEs and different lengths of intervention time. However, TCEs were no benefit to physical function on Short Physical Performance Battery and 2-min Step Test among stroke patients. Conclusion: Current evidence showed that TCEs produced positive effects on limb motor function, balance function, ADL ability and neurological impairment among stroke patients. More large-scale, highquality, multiple center RCTs are required to further verify above conclusions in the future. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2017
Keywords
Traditional Chinese exercises, Stroke, Limb function, Systematic review, Meta-analysis, Randomized controlled trial
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Health and Caring Sciences, Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-69693 (URN)10.1016/j.ctcp.2017.08.005 (DOI)000416166000006 ()29122267 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2018-01-10 Created: 2018-01-10 Last updated: 2018-01-10Bibliographically approved
Brolin, R., Brunt, D. & Rask, M. (2017). "Jag kan öppna fönstret när jag vill": Boendesituationen för personer med psykisk funktionsnedsättning - ur de boendes perspektiv. Växjö: Institutionen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, Linnéuniversitetet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>"Jag kan öppna fönstret när jag vill": Boendesituationen för personer med psykisk funktionsnedsättning - ur de boendes perspektiv
2017 (Swedish)Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Växjö: Institutionen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, Linnéuniversitetet, 2017. p. 31
Keywords
boende, boendestöd, boendetillfredsställelse, grundad teori, innehållsanalys, psykisk funktionsnedsättning, psykometri
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Health and Caring Sciences, Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-68344 (URN)
Available from: 2017-10-13 Created: 2017-10-13 Last updated: 2018-07-25Bibliographically approved
Ge, L., Wikby, K. & Rask, M. (2017). Lived experience of women with gestational diabetes mellitus living in China: a qualitative interview study. BMJ Open, 7(11), Article ID e017648.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Lived experience of women with gestational diabetes mellitus living in China: a qualitative interview study
2017 (English)In: BMJ Open, ISSN 2044-6055, E-ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 7, no 11, article id e017648Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective To explore the lived experience of women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) living in China in order to add knowledge about how the Chinese women suffer from GDM. Design A qualitative interpretive interview study. Data were collected with a snowball sampling technique. Phenomenological hermeneutics was used as the analysis method based on Ricoeur's phenomenological hermeneutical interpretation theory. Setting The study was performed at the participants' work places, or at the obstetric clinics or wards at two provincial hospitals and one municipal hospital in the southeast of China. Participants Inclusion criteria were age >= 18 years, diagnosis of GDM without other pregnancy complications, in 34th gestational weeks-postpartum 4th weeks and speaking Mandarin Chinese without speech impediment. 62 women, who met the inclusion criteria, took part in the study. Results The lived experience of the women with GDM living in China was formulated into a main theme: 'longing for caring care'. The main theme was derived from four themes: being stricken by GDM, wishing to receive caring GDM care, being left alone to struggle with GDM and trying to adjust and adapt to life with GDM. Conclusion The eagerness for caring care in China was highlighted. The lack of caring care could be one of the possible reasons why the professional-patient relations were deteriorating in China. It could be useful for health providers and health policymakers to receive education and training about caring care. Using the health metaphor of balance and 'patient participation' and 'patient-centred' approaches may benefit women with GDM and thus improve the quality of care in China.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BMJ Publishing Group Ltd, 2017
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Health and Caring Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-70941 (URN)10.1136/bmjopen-2017-017648 (DOI)000422898800120 ()
Available from: 2018-02-15 Created: 2018-02-15 Last updated: 2018-02-15Bibliographically approved
Lundqvist, L. O., Rask, M., Brunt, D. & Schröder, A. (2017). Quality in community-based day center services for people with psychiatric disabilities from the attendees' perspective. European psychiatry, 41, S790-S790
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Quality in community-based day center services for people with psychiatric disabilities from the attendees' perspective
2017 (English)In: European psychiatry, ISSN 0924-9338, E-ISSN 1778-3585, Vol. 41, p. S790-S790Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2017
National Category
Psychiatry Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy
Research subject
Health and Caring Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-67109 (URN)10.1016/j.eurpsy.2017.01.1512 (DOI)000404952600576 ()
Available from: 2017-07-28 Created: 2017-07-28 Last updated: 2017-07-28Bibliographically approved
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