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Adman, P. & Strömblad, P. (2017). Abandoning intolerance in a tolerant society: the influence of length of residence on the recognition of political rights among immigrants. Linnaeus University Centre for Discrimination and Integration Studies
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Abandoning intolerance in a tolerant society: the influence of length of residence on the recognition of political rights among immigrants
2017 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This paper presents and empirically evaluates the idea that individual level political tolerance is influenced by the overall tolerance in society. Hence, the expectation is that more politically tolerant attitudes would be developed as a consequence of exposure to a social environment in which people in general are more inclined to accept freedom of speech, also when the message (or the messenger as such) challenges one’s own values and beliefs. The theoretical base of the analyses is a learning model, according to which more broad-minded and permissive attitudes, from a democratic point of view, are adopted as a result of (1) an adjustment stimulated by mere observation of an overall high-level of political tolerance in society (‘passive learning’), and (2) an adjustment due to cognition and interaction within important spheres in society (‘active learning’). Using surveydata, we explore empirically how length of residence among immigrants in high-tolerance Sweden are related to attitudinal measures of political tolerance, and to what extent a time-related effect is mediated through participation in ‘learning institutions’ of education, working-life, civil society and political involvement. In concert with expectations, the empirical findings suggest that an observed positive effect of time in Sweden on political tolerance may be explained by a gradual adoption of the principle that political rights should be recognized. Such an adoption, however, seems to require participation in activities of learning institutions, as we find that passive learning alone is not sufficient.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linnaeus University Centre for Discrimination and Integration Studies, 2017. p. 24
Series
Working paper series: Linnaeus University Centre for Discrimination and Integration Studies ; 2017:1
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economy, Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-70300 (URN)
Available from: 2018-01-31 Created: 2018-01-31 Last updated: 2018-01-31Bibliographically approved
Strömblad, P. & Bengtsson, B. (2017). Collective Political Action as Civic Voluntarism: Analysing Ethnic Associations as Political Participants by Translating Individual Level Theory to the Organizational Level. Journal of Civil Society, 13(2), 111-129
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Collective Political Action as Civic Voluntarism: Analysing Ethnic Associations as Political Participants by Translating Individual Level Theory to the Organizational Level
2017 (English)In: Journal of Civil Society, ISSN 1744-8689, E-ISSN 1744-8697, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 111-129Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article presents and empirically evaluates an analytical experiment in which we seek to translate individual-level explanations of differences in political participation to an organizational level. Utilizing the Civic Voluntarism Model, we analyse the consequences of voluntary associations’ politically valuable ‘resources’, ‘motivation’, and ‘recruitment networks’. Using data from a survey of ethnic associations in Stockholm, Sweden, results suggest that the overall logic of how associational-level political participation is encouraged resembles corresponding mechanisms on the individual level. We conclude that both our theoretical argument and empirical findings merit further analyses of civil society actors’ political participation with the approach taken in this study.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2017
Keywords
voluntary associations, ethnic associations, political participation, Civic Voluntarism Model (CVM), political resources, political motivation, political recruitment networks, Stockholm
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Social Sciences, Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-57634 (URN)10.1080/17448689.2017.1302912 (DOI)000419320200001 ()
Available from: 2016-10-26 Created: 2016-10-26 Last updated: 2018-04-04Bibliographically approved
Myrberg, G., Strömblad, P. & Bengtsson, B. (2017). Etniska föreningar och politisk integration. In: Bevelander, Peter & Mikael Spång (Ed.), Valdeltagande och representation. Om invandring och politisk integration i Sverige.: (pp. 141-182). Stockholm: Delegationen för Migrationsstudier
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Etniska föreningar och politisk integration
2017 (Swedish)In: Valdeltagande och representation. Om invandring och politisk integration i Sverige. / [ed] Bevelander, Peter & Mikael Spång, Stockholm: Delegationen för Migrationsstudier , 2017, p. 141-182Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Delegationen för Migrationsstudier, 2017
Series
Delmi Rapport ; 2017:7
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Social Sciences, Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-68288 (URN)978-91-88021-23-6 (ISBN)
Note

Kapitel i rapport

Available from: 2017-10-10 Created: 2017-10-10 Last updated: 2018-05-08Bibliographically approved
Strömblad, P. (2017). EU Migration Policy and Regional Growth: Exploring prerequisites for political entrepreneurship and integration in ethnically diverse socities.. In: : . Paper presented at Uddevalla Symposium 2017..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>EU Migration Policy and Regional Growth: Exploring prerequisites for political entrepreneurship and integration in ethnically diverse socities.
2017 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-67263 (URN)
Conference
Uddevalla Symposium 2017.
Available from: 2017-08-16 Created: 2017-08-16 Last updated: 2017-12-04
Adman, P. & Strömblad, P. (2016). Abandoning intolerance in a tolerant society: Explaining time related change in recognition of political rights among immigrants in Sweden. In: Presented at SWEPSA 2016: Uppsala University, Campus Gotland, October 19–21. Paper presented at SWEPSA 2016. Uppsala University, Campus Gotland, October 19–21..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Abandoning intolerance in a tolerant society: Explaining time related change in recognition of political rights among immigrants in Sweden
2016 (English)In: Presented at SWEPSA 2016: Uppsala University, Campus Gotland, October 19–21, 2016Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Social Sciences, Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-67253 (URN)
Conference
SWEPSA 2016. Uppsala University, Campus Gotland, October 19–21.
Note

Ej belagd 20171121

Available from: 2017-08-15 Created: 2017-08-15 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved
Strömblad, P. & Malmberg, B. (2016). Ethnic segregation and xenophobic party preference: Exploring the influence of the presence of visible minorities on local electoral support for the Sweden Democrats. Journal of Urban Affairs, 38(4), 530-545
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ethnic segregation and xenophobic party preference: Exploring the influence of the presence of visible minorities on local electoral support for the Sweden Democrats
2016 (English)In: Journal of Urban Affairs, ISSN 0735-2166, E-ISSN 1467-9906, Vol. 38, no 4, p. 530-545Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article presents a comprehensive analysis of the influence of the neighborhood-level presence of visible minorities on xenophobic party support. Drawing on previous research on support for xenophobic political parties in Europe, we explore variations in electoral preferences for the Sweden Democrats. We examine relationships between the presence of visible minorities at the neighborhood level, controlling for the level of unemployment and education both in terms of potentially additive and interactive effects. We find that increased exposure of visible minorities unambiguously leads to an increase in xenophobic voting if the district level of unemployment is high. Where unemployment is low the effect of increased exposure may instead lead to reduced xenophobic party support, due to complex interaction effects involving aggregate education level. The results are discussed in the light of possible public policy measures to combat unemployment in multicultural democracies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2016
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Social Sciences, Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-38843 (URN)10.1111/juaf.12227 (DOI)000387329700004 ()2-s2.0-84932133640 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2015-01-08 Created: 2015-01-08 Last updated: 2017-04-21Bibliographically approved
Strömblad, P. (2016). Political Entrepreneurs and immigrant's entrepreneurship. In: Charlie Karlsson, Charlotte Silander and Daniel Silander (Ed.), Political Entrepreneurship: Regional Growth and Entrepreneurial Diversity in Sweden (pp. 149-170). Cheltenham Glos, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Political Entrepreneurs and immigrant's entrepreneurship
2016 (English)In: Political Entrepreneurship: Regional Growth and Entrepreneurial Diversity in Sweden / [ed] Charlie Karlsson, Charlotte Silander and Daniel Silander, Cheltenham Glos, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2016, p. 149-170Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cheltenham Glos, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2016
Keywords
Political entreprenurship Education University Young People
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Economy, Ledarskap, entreprenörskap och organisation; Social Sciences, Political Science Education
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-58125 (URN)9781785363498 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-11-14 Created: 2016-11-14 Last updated: 2017-04-19Bibliographically approved
Strömblad, P. & Bengtsson, B. (2015). Collective political action as civic voluntarism: analysing ethnic associations as political participants by translating individual level theory to the organizational level. Linnaeus University Centre for Labour Market and Discrimination Studies
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Collective political action as civic voluntarism: analysing ethnic associations as political participants by translating individual level theory to the organizational level
2015 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This paper presents and empirically evaluates an analytical experiment, in which individual level explanations of differences in political participation are translated to an organizational level. Utilizing the ‘Civic Voluntarism Model’ of participation research, we analyse consequences of voluntary associations’ potentially politically valuable ‘resources’, ‘motivation’ and ‘recruitment networks’. We use unique data from a survey of ethnic associations in Stockholm, Sweden—which may be considered as particularly interesting since in Swedish integration policy such associations are expected to fulfil a formal political role. Estimating a series of regression models, our results suggest that the overall logic of how associational level political participation is encouraged resembles corresponding mechanisms on the individual level. We find that quite basic resources, such as the number of members in a given association, promote participation; also when motivation, as reflected in assessed importance of political influence, is accounted for. Similarly, the results confirm that access to political networks stimulates political participation among voluntary associations. We conclude that both our theoretical argument and empirical findings merit further analyses of ethnic associations as well as other collective actors' political participation in accordance with the approach taken in this study.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linnaeus University Centre for Labour Market and Discrimination Studies, 2015. p. 22
Series
Working paper series: Linnaeus University Centre for Labour Market and Discrimination Studies ; 2015:6
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Social Sciences, Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-47677 (URN)
Available from: 2015-11-30 Created: 2015-11-30 Last updated: 2018-02-01Bibliographically approved
Myrberg, G., Strömblad, P. & Bengtsson, B. (2015). Etnisk organisering som brygga till politiskt engagemang?: En jämförande studie av politisk integration via föreningslivet i europeiska storstäder. In: : . Paper presented at IBF IMER konferens 2015, Rånäs.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Etnisk organisering som brygga till politiskt engagemang?: En jämförande studie av politisk integration via föreningslivet i europeiska storstäder
2015 (Swedish)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Social Sciences, Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-55684 (URN)
External cooperation:
Conference
IBF IMER konferens 2015, Rånäs
Note

Ej belagd 160825

Available from: 2016-08-21 Created: 2016-08-21 Last updated: 2016-11-08Bibliographically approved
Strömblad, P. & Myrberg, G. (2015). Kategoriernas dilemman: En kunskapsöversikt om kategorisering utifrån nationellt och etniskt ursprung i offentlig politik och forskning. Stockholm: Delegationen för Migrationsstudier
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kategoriernas dilemman: En kunskapsöversikt om kategorisering utifrån nationellt och etniskt ursprung i offentlig politik och forskning
2015 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Kategorier och kategorisering hör till det sociala livet. Det är nästintill omöjligt att observera eller interagera med andra människor utan att reflektera i termer av kategorier eller grupper – baserat på antingen klass, genus, etnicitet eller andra tänkbara sätt att sortera och klassificera människor på. På samma gång är kategoriseringar som baseras på nationellt och etniskt ursprung en del i statens roll som begreppsförmedlare och terminologisk normkälla. Kategoritillhörigheter definieras auktoritativt i form av officiell statistik och används för det offentligas ambitioner att producera relevant kunskap för administration och politisk planering, exempelvis för integrations- eller arbetsmarknadspolitiken. I den här kunskapsöversikten utforskas gränslandet mellan offentlig politik och samtida samhällsvetenskaplig forskning när det gäller problematiken kring föreställda skillnader mellan människor på basis av nationellt och etniskt ursprung. Vi riktar fokus dels mot utvecklingen av statens auktoritativa rekommendationer, och dels mot vad forskare inom relevanta fält pekar ut som potentiellt viktiga konsekvenser av den kategorisering som såväl det offentliga som samhällets medlemmar mer eller mindre medvetet ägnar sig åt. Med avstamp i denna genomgång går vi sedan mer detaljerat igenom fyra aktuella avhandlingar som på olika sätt tar sig an det som kan kallas för benämnandets problematik. Mot bakgrund av tidigare forskning belyser denna kunskapsöversikt exempel på hur relationer, såväl i offentliga som privata sammanhang, kan påverkas av mer eller mindre diffust gestaltade skillnader mellan olika befolkningsgrupper. Som ett övergripande hot ryms här också förutsättningar för olika former av diskursiv diskriminering, vilket i sin tur kan härledas ur benämnandets problematik och kategoriseringens dilemman. Kategoriserande etiketter (vilka de än må vara) klistras fast, inte endast vid befolkningsstatistiskt definierade grupper utan också vid kontinuerligt reproducerade berättelser om framgång respektive misslyckande. Samtidigt har vi också sett exempel på hur offentligt initierad kategorisering kan tolkas som både möjliggörande (genom att problem uppmärksammas) och begränsande (genom att människor blir fastlåsta vid tilldelade identiteter). Människors reella utmaningar adresseras bland annat genom att vissa egenskaper eller kategorier pekas ut och kopplas samman med specifika svårigheter. På sikt kan detta potentiellt stärka den utpekades resurser och position i samhället, men det finns en allestädes närvarande kostnadssida som stavas stigmatisering. Det har sedan lång tid tillbaka varit en offentlig-politisk ambition i Sverige att filtrera bort all ”etnicitet” från invandrarbegreppet. Den lexikaliska innebörden av att vid något tillfälle ha immigrerat har emellertid ständigt fått föra en (till synes ojämn) kamp mot föreställningen att invandrarskap står i motsatsförhållande till svenskhet. Mycket talar också för att krav på ökad begreppslig disciplinering – det må vara inom offentlig förvaltning, forskning eller massmedia – knappast klarar av att rubba den diskursiva ordning som härvidlag har etablerats. I vardagliga sammanhang blir ”invandrare” någon som inte är, och kanske inte ens kan bli, ”svensk”. Summan av alla kategoriseringar på mikronivå som människor använder sig av för att sortera intryck och positionera sig i förhållande till andra, bidrar sammantaget till en struktur som ter sig närmast oåtkomlig för offentlig politik. Kunskapsöversikten pekar också på en tydlig polarisering mellan argumenten för mer och mindre uttalad kategorisering i den officiella statistiken. Där förespråkarna för mer etnisk eller rentav ”rasmässig” kategorisering (som t.ex. i USA) ser möjligheter att blottlägga orättvisor i ett mycket klarare ljus än vad som idag är möjligt, fruktar motståndarna ökad fragmentisering och mer exkludering. I ljuset av fortsatt omfattande migration till Sverige – som under 2000-talet inte minst har genererats av flyktinginvandring från plågsamma konflikthärdar, men som också innefattar ökad rörlighet inom Europa efter EU-utvidgningen – är mer forskning klart motiverat. För att få bättre beslutsunderlag här skulle inte minst länderjämförande studier kunna öka kunskapen om hur kategorier kan förlora sin betydelse som sociala referenspunkter.

Abstract [en]

Categories are inescapable in the social world. That is, it seems close to impossible to observe and interact with other human beings without any reflection in terms of groups —based e.g. on class, gender, ethnicity or a myriad of other possible ways in which people may be sorted and classified. At the same time, such sorting is a prerequisite for many tasks performed by the contemporary state. Social categories are utilised by authorities responsible for official statistics, as well as by agencies administering welfare state policies, e.g. for integration or labor market policies. In this review, we explore the interface between public policy and social science research when it comes to perceived differences between people in terms of national and ethnic origin. Aside from studying public reports dealing with authoritative recommendations for how categories in this regard should be labelled, we draw particularly on four recent studies, which in different ways highlight potentially significant consequences of categorization, including what may be called the ‘problem of naming’. In the light of accounts in previous research, we show that various public as well as private relations may be influenced by rather vaguely understood dissimilarities between population groups. Moreover, this generally provides room for different types of discursive discrimination, by which category labels—albeit seemingly technical, or even intentionally constructed to be neutral—become attached not merely to administratively defined groups, but also to narratives of success and failure. The issue becomes even more complex, when it is acknowledged that categorization simultaneously might facilitate attention to social problems. Although inevitably balancing on the border of stigmatization, this may lead to increased public awareness and a greater equality of opportunities. In Sweden, the official policy ambition, at least since the 1990s, has been to erase all conceptions of ethnicity from the term “immigrant”. While its dictionary meaning simply points towards the experience of having moved to Sweden from another country, at a given point in time, the term has in popular understanding rather become an antonym to being “Swedish”. Hence, in chronicles and interactions of everyday life, immigrants are effectively taken to mean people who are not Swedes. In fact, they might not even be able to become Swedes, even in the long run, regardless of formal belonging in terms of citizenship. Apparently, public policy efforts to counteract this conceptual confusion, by demanding increased awareness and well-reasoned reflection, have so far been largely futile. Furthermore, an essentially identical inference may be made when it comes to similar appeals from scholars active in this field of research. The review also pinpoints a significant polarization between arguments for more and less pronounced categorization in official statistics. Advocates of a more ethnically distinct, or even racially based, categorization (such as in the United States) regard this as a method to reveal injustice due to hidden racism in a country such as Sweden. The opponents, on the other hand, fear that precisely such measures would increase the risk of ethnically oriented fragmentation in society. Concluding that currently extensive migration flows hardly will reduce the need for attending to dilemmas of categories, in Sweden or in other democratic welfare states, more research is clearly warranted. Future research results, not least from comparative studies, would hopefully provide more knowledge on how social categories might lose their importance as points of reference in social interaction.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Delegationen för Migrationsstudier, 2015. p. 41
Series
Delmi Rapport ; 2015:7
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Social Sciences, Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-47676 (URN)
Available from: 2015-11-30 Created: 2015-11-30 Last updated: 2018-01-10Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-9805-1276

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