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Hagevi, M., Blombäck, S., Hinnfors, J., Demker, M. & Loxbo, K. (2019). DIPAC CITIZEN DATA: Technical report 1.0. Växjö: Linnaeus University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>DIPAC CITIZEN DATA: Technical report 1.0
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2019 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The data described in this report were collected for the DIPAC-project: Decreased Ideological Polarisation and Conflict in Western Europe?  This report describes DIPAC Citizen data set. The first part of this report gives information on the project as a whole, including discussions of case selection and core concepts. Following this, there are a technical report the DIPAC citizen data set.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Växjö: Linnaeus University, 2019. p. 137
Keywords
politics, party, comparative, Europe, party system, survey, citizen, opinion
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Social Sciences, Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-89486 (URN)
Projects
Minskad ideologisk polarisering och konflikt i Västeuropa? (Mipok)
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, 2014-01246The Crafoord Foundation, 20160645
Available from: 2019-10-07 Created: 2019-10-07 Last updated: 2019-10-11Bibliographically approved
Blombäck, S., Hinnfors, J., Loxbo, K., Demker, M. & Hagevi, M. (2019). DIPAC Election Manifesto Data: Technical report 1.0. Växjö: Linnaeus University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>DIPAC Election Manifesto Data: Technical report 1.0
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2019 (English)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Växjö: Linnaeus University, 2019. p. 45
Keywords
politics, parties, party system, Europe, election manifesto, ideology, Left-Right, GAL-TAN
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Social Sciences, Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-89489 (URN)
Projects
Minskad ideologisk polarisering och konflikt i Västeuropa? (Mipok)
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, 2014-01246The Crafoord Foundation, 20160645
Available from: 2019-10-07 Created: 2019-10-07 Last updated: 2019-10-11Bibliographically approved
Farjam, M. & Loxbo, K. (2019). Experimental evidence of a bandwagon effect on voting. In: 6th International Meeting on Experimental and Behavioral Social Sciences (IMEBESS): . Paper presented at 6th International Meeting on Experimental and Behavioral Social Sciences (IMEBESS), Utrecht, May 2-4, 2019..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Experimental evidence of a bandwagon effect on voting
2019 (English)In: 6th International Meeting on Experimental and Behavioral Social Sciences (IMEBESS), 2019Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Social influence and conformity have been thoroughly studied by social psychologists, leading political scientist to the postulation of the bandwagon effect. However, despite its relevance, the bandwagon effect, claiming that seeing pre-election polls makes votes for majority options more likely, has not been properly tested for political voting and evidence regarding this effect is mixed. Experiments either were ran in very abstract contexts only vaguely representing political voting, or only testing the effect of polls on opinions or hypothetical votes . We present an unique experimental design with more realism than previous designs, keeping the experimental control needed to make causal claims.

We tested in an online experiment with 1115 participants from the US how votes change when pre-election polls are shown. Our experimental design is unique in that the votes of the participants have real-world consequences within their electoral area (the US), empower actual political organizations falling on a left-right spectrum, and the votes are on issues currently debated in US politics (firearms, abortion, immigration, and environment). Per issue participants chose between three different charities, representing different positions within the political spectrum. As a result of the experiment 1200$ were distributed across these charities as suggested by the vote.

In line with the bandwagon-effect, we find clear evidence that seeing poll results makes votes for majority opinion more likely. After seeing the surveys, majority opinions received an extra ~7% of votes. In our experiment this effect did not depend on the electoral system and was robust against controlling for the gender and age of voters and the self-assessment on a left-right spectrum. However, we find evidence that under extreme-polarization (where moderate position are the least popular option) the bandwagon-effect is much weaker.

Keywords
Poll, bandwagon effect, conformity
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Social Sciences, Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-82573 (URN)
Conference
6th International Meeting on Experimental and Behavioral Social Sciences (IMEBESS), Utrecht, May 2-4, 2019.
Available from: 2019-05-15 Created: 2019-05-15 Last updated: 2019-11-19Bibliographically approved
Pircher, B. & Loxbo, K. (2019). Member states’ compliance with EU law in times of crisis. In: : . Paper presented at Swiss Political Science Association (SPSA) Annual Conference 2019 & Dreiländertagung, ETH Zurich, Zurich, 14-16 February 2019. Zurich
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Member states’ compliance with EU law in times of crisis
2019 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This article explores whether a process of disintegration affected the transposition deficit and infringement procedures in the EU member states between 1997 and 2016. The contribution is twofold. First, we develop hypotheses to test the argument that non-compliance with EU law increases when member states experience growing economic constraints and political turbulence. However, the hypotheses are conclusively rejected. Second, while we demonstrate distinct differences between member states’ compliance by the end of the 1990s, our time-series analyses demonstrate that these disparities disappeared over time. Taken together, our findings not only suggest that economic factors, government capacity, and, above all, domestic politics become gradually decoupled from the European integration process but also that cultural differences in law observance become increasingly irrelevant to explain the behaviour of governments. We conclude by arguing that the strong trend towards harmonisation probably is explained by a changed culture of EU transposition and enforcement.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Zurich: , 2019
Keywords
European integration, disintegration, crisis, EU law, compliance, Single Market
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Social Sciences, Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-88821 (URN)
Conference
Swiss Political Science Association (SPSA) Annual Conference 2019 & Dreiländertagung, ETH Zurich, Zurich, 14-16 February 2019
Available from: 2019-08-28 Created: 2019-08-28 Last updated: 2019-11-19Bibliographically approved
Loxbo, K., Blombäck, S., Hinnfors, J., Demker, M. & Hagevi, M. (2019). Reliability testing of coded election manifesto data in the DIPAC-project. Växjö: Linnaeus University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Reliability testing of coded election manifesto data in the DIPAC-project
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2019 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The data described in this report were collected for the DIPAC-project.1 The project’s aim was to closer investigate the proposed crisis of parties and party systems in Western Europe during the last decades.  To fulfil this aim, one of our main goals was to collect electoral manifestos from all parties in the respective party system for all selected years, and code their ideological contents. The main reason for our choice to code manifestos was to provide a more detailed and nuanced foundation for analyzing ideological polarization and ideological change in Western European party system than the saliency-oriented perspective that has hitherto dominated manifesto-research. In this report, we conclude that the DIPAC coding of ideological position has yielded highly reliable measures, whereas the coding of saliency should be interpreted with some caution with regard to the GAL-TAN dimension and sub-dimensions. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Växjö: Linnaeus University, 2019. p. 11
Keywords
politics, parties, election, manifesto, ideology, reliability, left-right, gal-tan
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Social Sciences, Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-89519 (URN)
Projects
Minskad ideologisk polarisering och konflikt i Västeuropa? (Mipok)
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, 2014-01246The Crafoord Foundation, 20160645
Available from: 2019-10-10 Created: 2019-10-10 Last updated: 2019-10-11Bibliographically approved
Loxbo, K., Hinnfors, J., Hagevi, M., Blombäck, S. & Demker, M. (2019). The decline of Western European social democracy: Exploring the transformed link between welfare state generosity and the electoral strength of social democratic parties, 1975–2014. Party Politics, 1-12
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The decline of Western European social democracy: Exploring the transformed link between welfare state generosity and the electoral strength of social democratic parties, 1975–2014
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2019 (English)In: Party Politics, ISSN 1354-0688, E-ISSN 1460-3683, p. 1-12Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Social democratic parties are crumbling at the polls. Surprisingly, however, the causes of this demise remain largelyunexplored. This article contributes to filling this gap in the research by studying the long-term impact of welfare state generosity on the vote share of social democratic parties in 16 Western European democracies. If the welfare state indeed was a key factor behind social democratic growth in the past, we ask whether the recent plight of these parties is down to a reversal of their previously dominant success factor? The article makes three principal findings. First, we show that social democratic parties primarily benefited electorally from expansive reforms at lower levels of welfare state generosity. Second, we find that this dynamic of diminishing returns also helps explain the demise of the Social Democratic party family in the whole of Western Europe. Lastly, our results reveal that programmatic turns to the right predict electoral losses in the least generous welfare states, whereas such shifts either pass unnoticed or predict vote gains in the most generous ones. We conclude by arguing that the structure of welfare state institutions is one important explanation for variations in the demise of the once powerful Social Democratic party family.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2019
Keywords
compensation hypothesis, diminishing returns, social democracy, welfare state
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Social Sciences, Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-86934 (URN)10.1177/1354068819861339 (DOI)000475079200001 ()
Projects
Minskad ideologisk polarisering och konflikt i Västeuropa? (MIPOK)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, dnr. 2014-1246
Available from: 2019-07-19 Created: 2019-07-19 Last updated: 2019-11-21
Hagevi, M. & Loxbo, K. (2018). Are the Predictions of the Cartel Party Thesis Supported in the Swedish Case? (1ed.). In: Henrik Enroth & Magnus Hagevi (Ed.), Cartelisation, Convergence or Increasing Similarities?: Lessons from Parties in Parliament (pp. 43-69). London: ECPR Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Are the Predictions of the Cartel Party Thesis Supported in the Swedish Case?
2018 (English)In: Cartelisation, Convergence or Increasing Similarities?: Lessons from Parties in Parliament / [ed] Henrik Enroth & Magnus Hagevi, London: ECPR Press, 2018, 1, p. 43-69Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: ECPR Press, 2018 Edition: 1
Keywords
political parties, cartel party theory, cartelization, parliament, policy convergence, party conflict, internal democracy, representation
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Social Sciences, Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-70998 (URN)978-1-78552-254-3 (ISBN)
Projects
Party Government in Flux
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, RRD10-1373:1
Available from: 2018-02-19 Created: 2018-02-19 Last updated: 2019-01-15Bibliographically approved
Loxbo, K. (2018). Cartelisation and Europeanisation?. In: Henrik Enroth & Magnus Hagevi (Ed.), Cartelisation, Convergence or Increasing Similarities?: Lessons from Parties in Parliament (pp. 97-118). ECPR Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cartelisation and Europeanisation?
2018 (English)In: Cartelisation, Convergence or Increasing Similarities?: Lessons from Parties in Parliament / [ed] Henrik Enroth & Magnus Hagevi, ECPR Press, 2018, p. 97-118Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ECPR Press, 2018
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Social Sciences, Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-70548 (URN)9781785522543 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-02-06 Created: 2018-02-06 Last updated: 2019-01-15Bibliographically approved
Hagevi, M., Blombäck, S., Loxbo, K., Demker, M. & Hinnfors, J. (2018). Changed Policy Congruence Between Political Parties and Voters?: A Comparative Study of Seven Party Systems in Western Europe. In: ECPR General Conference: . Paper presented at ECPR General Conference, Hamburg, August 22-25, 2018. (pp. 1-19).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Changed Policy Congruence Between Political Parties and Voters?: A Comparative Study of Seven Party Systems in Western Europe
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2018 (English)In: ECPR General Conference, 2018, p. 1-19Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This study is about changed policy congruence between voters and political parties in seven party system in Western Europe. To investigate change, this paper includes policy congruence between voters and political parties during five decades starting in the 1970s. According to scholars of political parties, especially advocates of the cartel thesis such as Katz and Mair, representative democracy in Western Europe is in an ever-widening crisis since the links between citizens and political parties are broken. By comparing unique data of the actual LeftRight and GAL-TAN positions in the election manifestos of 70 West European parties with corresponding views among their voters, this study argues that the crisis of representation is largely exaggerated. Instead, the policy congruence between current parties and voters, on left-right as well as gal-tan issues, tend to be at least as good as the time before the alleged crisis of representation started.

Keywords
politics, representation, parties, voters, Europe
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Social Sciences, Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-77346 (URN)
Conference
ECPR General Conference, Hamburg, August 22-25, 2018.
Projects
Minskad ideologisk polarisering och konflikt i Västeuropa? (Mipok)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2014-01246
Available from: 2018-08-27 Created: 2018-08-27 Last updated: 2019-05-02Bibliographically approved
Loxbo, K. (2018). Ethnic diversity, out-group contacts and social trust in a high-trust society. Acta Sociologica, 61(2), 182-201
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ethnic diversity, out-group contacts and social trust in a high-trust society
2018 (English)In: Acta Sociologica, ISSN 0001-6993, E-ISSN 1502-3869, Vol. 61, no 2, p. 182-201Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Although ethnic diversity is widely believed to undermine social trust, several scholars have argued that this outcome ultimately depends on the extent of high-quality contacts between diverse groups as well as the extent of equality in society. This article scrutinises these different hypotheses by exploring the association between ethnic diversity and social trust among Swedish schoolchildren. Building on data from Sweden, where legacies of equality would be expected to provide unique opportunities for building trust among diverse groups, the contribution of the article to the literature is twofold. First, it was found that contextual diversity is only weakly related to adolescents’ trust. Furthermore, while interactions revealed that a higher socio-economic level in a classroom reinforces, rather than cushions, the adverse effect, it is concluded that contextual measures obscure the micro-level dynamic underlying the association between diversity and trust in classrooms. Second, when accounting for compositional effects, and the distinction between in-group and out-group contact, the findings strongly supported the conflict hypothesis, while rejecting the contact hypothesis. The principal finding is that ethnic diversity in a classroom undermines social trust among native-born adolescents, whereas the effect is the exact opposite for minorities. In addition, social trust is only promoted if adolescents interact with members of their ethnic in-group. Because these disconcerting results were found in the high-trust context of Sweden, it is suggested that similar findings are likely in less favourable settings. The article concludes by arguing that the high levels of social trust in traditionally homogenous, but increasingly segregated, countries such as Sweden may conceal the fact that individuals primarily include others who are similar to themselves in their ‘imagined communities’.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Sage Publications, 2018
Keywords
Ethnic diversity, micro-context, out-group exposure, school, social trust, Sweden
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Social Sciences, Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-67206 (URN)10.1177/0001699317721615 (DOI)000431954000005 ()2-s2.0-85046743456 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2010-4749
Available from: 2017-08-09 Created: 2017-08-09 Last updated: 2019-08-29Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-0664-5729

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