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Almerud Österberg, SofiaORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-2602-0101
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Publications (10 of 30) Show all publications
Qvistgaard, M., Lovebo, J. & Almerud Österberg, S. (2019). Intraoperative prevention of Surgical Site Infections as experienced by operating room nurses. International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, 14(1), 1-8, Article ID 1632109.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Intraoperative prevention of Surgical Site Infections as experienced by operating room nurses
2019 (English)In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 14, no 1, p. 1-8, article id 1632109Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim: This study examines how OR nurses experience intraoperative prevention of SSIs. Introduction: Infections related to surgical procedures create both great patient suffering and high costs for society. Therefore, prevention of Surgical Site Infections (SSIs) should be a high priority for all surgical settings. All details of intraoperative care need to be investigated and evaluated to ensure best practices are evidence-based. Methods: This study uses the Reflective Lifeworld Research (RLR) approach, which is grounded in phenomenology. Participants were OR nurses with at least one year of clinical experience. In total, 15 participants from seven hospitals made contact and were included in this interview study. Results: Prevention of SSIs takes both head and hand. It requires long-term, continuous, and systematic work in several parallel processes, both intellectually and organisationally. The hierarchical tradition of the operating room is often ambiguous, shielded by its safe structures but still restricted by traditional patterns. Confident relations and resolute communication within the team generate favorable conditions for preventing SSIs. Conclusions: By setting up mutual platforms and forums for quality development, increasing legitimacy for OR nurses and establishing fixed teams, prevention of SSIs will continue to improve, ensuring the patients' safety during intraoperative care.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis Group, 2019
Keywords
Intraoperative care, Operating room, Prevention, Surgical Site Infection, Surgical team
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Health and Caring Sciences, Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-86967 (URN)10.1080/17482631.2019.1632109 (DOI)000473526500001 ()31256748 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85068214200 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-07-23 Created: 2019-07-23 Last updated: 2019-08-29Bibliographically approved
Svensson, A., Almerud Österberg, S., Fridlund, B., Stening, K. & Elmqvist, C. (2018). Firefighters as First Incident Persons: breaking the chain of events and becoming a new link in the chain of survival. International Journal of Emergency Services, 7(2), 120-133
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Firefighters as First Incident Persons: breaking the chain of events and becoming a new link in the chain of survival
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2018 (English)In: International Journal of Emergency Services, ISSN 2047-0894, E-ISSN 2047-0908, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 120-133Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose In order to shorten the response time, two part-time fire departments (FDs) in Sweden initialize a first incident person (FIP) assignment. This is done by alarming the crew manager as an FIP, responding in a separate emergency vehicle, and by arriving at the scene before rest of the crew. The purpose of this paper is to explore and describe experiences of the FIP assignment within an FD. Design/methodology/approach A multimethod design was used, influenced by Creswell and Plano Clark's (2011) explanatory sequential mixed method design including emergency reports, a questionnaire and interviews. Findings The results show that the FIP assignment was a function that secured an early presence at the scene of an accident or emergency situations, which is beneficial for society in the form of a safety factor, for the firefighters in the form of early prior information on what to expect at the scene and for the patient in the form of early existential support and increased chances of survival. Originality/value In order to prevent full scenarios to happen and get the chance to save lives, an early response must be ensured. Hence, studies must be made in different settings, based on its unique conditions. This study indicates that by implementing FIP in FDs placed in a rural area, the FIP can break the chain of events and becoming a new link in the chain of survival.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
National Category
Other Medical Sciences
Research subject
Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-69815 (URN)10.1108/IJES-10-2017-0051 (DOI)000432829500004 ()2-s2.0-85040866305 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-01-12 Created: 2018-01-12 Last updated: 2019-08-29Bibliographically approved
Johansson, K., Almerud Österberg, S., Leksell, J. & Berglund, M. (2018). Supporting patients learning to live with diabetes: a phenomenological study. British Journal of Nursing, 27(12), 697-704
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Supporting patients learning to live with diabetes: a phenomenological study
2018 (English)In: British Journal of Nursing, ISSN 0966-0461, E-ISSN 2052-2819, Vol. 27, no 12, p. 697-704Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article describes a study of the phenomenon of supporting patients who are learning to live with diabetes, from a diabetes specialist nurse (DSN) perspective. Guided by principles of reflective lifeworld research, data from six interviews (four in groups and two individual) with 16 DSNs were analysed. The results show that, in order to support learning, DSNs use a self-critical approach with the insight that they should not take over responsibility for their patients' diabetes. The DSNs support, encourage and challenge the patients to self-reflect and take responsibility based on patients' own goals and needs. To provide support, DSNs need to assume a tactful, critically challenging approach, dare to confront patients' fears and other emotions and have the insight to know that the responsibility for learning and integration of the condition lies with the patient. To be able to support patients in this way, it is necessary that the DSN is mentored and supported in this role.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MA Healthcare Limited, 2018
Keywords
Diabetes, Diabetes specialist nurse, Lifeworld, Patient support, Phenomenology, Reflection, Sweden
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Health and Caring Sciences, Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-83019 (URN)10.12968/bjon.2018.27.12.697 (DOI)29953270 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85049237778 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-05-23 Created: 2019-05-23 Last updated: 2019-08-29Bibliographically approved
Qvistgaard, M., Almerud Österberg, S., Heikkilä, K., Thorén, A.-B. & Lovebo, J. (2017). Patients’ experiences with at-home preoperative skin disinfection before elective hip replacement surgery. Journal of Perioperative Practice, 27(7-8), 162-166
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Patients’ experiences with at-home preoperative skin disinfection before elective hip replacement surgery
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2017 (English)In: Journal of Perioperative Practice, ISSN 1750-4589, Vol. 27, no 7-8, p. 162-166Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of the study was to describe patients' experiences with preoperative skin disinfection carried out in their home before elective hip replacement surgery with the aim of lowering the microbial burden and avoiding surgical site infections. The literature was reviewed for relevant studies. Optimal preparations before surgery depend on patients being able to assimilate preoperative information and instructions. The study was based on 14 interviews with patients who had undergone elective hip replacement surgery. Data were analysed with qualitative manifest content analysis according to Graneheim and Lundman (2004). The main categories of findings were: patients' experience of obstacles and limitations, the importance of supportive surroundings, and personal resources as strength when performing preoperative skin disinfection. The findings of this study agree with earlier studies showing a lack of compliance to preoperative skin disinfection. The findings also suggest reasons for non-compliance. Preoperative skin disinfection involves many important steps that need to be accomplished to ensure the maximum effect on microbial burden on skin surface. These steps can be difficult for some patient groups. Perioperative dialogue is one way to identify patients' individual needs and to help patients participate in the process. The study concludes that patients who carried out skin disinfection at home before surgery have a great responsibility to prepare themselves. The challenge for perioperative nurses who work with preoperative information is to identify and individually guide those patients who need extended support so that all patients with elective hip replacement surgery receive the same quality of care. Further research should focus on how caregivers discover individuals with extended needs and on identifying the kind of support that is effective to achieve optimal conditions for hip replacement surgery.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2017
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-67252 (URN)10.1177/1750458917027007-804 (DOI)2-s2.0-85051617431 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-08-15 Created: 2017-08-15 Last updated: 2019-05-28Bibliographically approved
Asp, M., Wiklund Gustin, L., Almerud Österberg, S., Hörberg, U., Lindberg, E. & Palmér, L. (2017). ”Samvetsstress och dåliga villkor bakom sjuksköterskeflykten”. Dagens nyheter (2017-05-04)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>”Samvetsstress och dåliga villkor bakom sjuksköterskeflykten”
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2017 (Swedish)In: Dagens nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447, no 2017-05-04Article in journal, News item (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
National Category
Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy
Research subject
Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-66083 (URN)
Available from: 2017-07-03 Created: 2017-07-03 Last updated: 2019-08-28Bibliographically approved
Lindberg, E., Almerud Österberg, S. & Hörberg, U. (2016). Methodological support for the further abstraction of and philosophical examination of empirical findings in the context of caring science. International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, 11, Article ID 30482.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Methodological support for the further abstraction of and philosophical examination of empirical findings in the context of caring science
2016 (English)In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 11, article id 30482Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Phenomena in caring science are often complex and laden with meanings. Empirical research with the aim of capturing lived experiences is one way of revealing the complexity. Sometimes, however, results from empirical research need to be further discussed. One way is to further abstract the result and/or philosophically examine it. This has previously been performed and presented in scientific journals and doctoral theses, contributing to a greater understanding of phenomena in caring science. Although the intentions in many of these publications are laudable, the lack of methodological descriptions as well as a theoretical and systematic foundation can contribute to an ambiguity concerning how the results have emerged during the analysis. The aim of this paper is to describe the methodological support for the further abstraction of and/orphilosophical examination of empirical findings. When trying to systematize the support procedures, we have used a reflective lifeworld research (RLR) approach. Based on the assumptions in RLR, this article will present methodological support for a theoretical examination that can include two stages. In the first stage, data from several (two or more) empirical results on an essential level are synthesized into a general structure. Sometimes the analysis ends with the general structure, but sometimes there is a need to proceed further. The second stage can then be a philosophical examination, in which the general structure is discussed in relation to a philosophical text, theory, or concept. It is important that the theories are brought in as the final stage after the completion of the analysis. Core dimensions of the described methodological support are, in accordance with RLR, openness, bridling, and reflection. The methodological support cannot be understood as fixed stages, but rather as a guiding light in the search for further meanings.

Keywords
Philosophical examination, methodological support, reflective lifeworld research, phenomenology, caring science
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-49968 (URN)10.3402/qhw.v11.30482 (DOI)000372205900001 ()26925926 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84961836803 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-02-29 Created: 2016-02-29 Last updated: 2019-08-28Bibliographically approved
Johansson, K., Almerud Österberg, S., Leksell, J. & Berglund, M. (2016). Patients' experiences of support for learning to live with diabetes to promote health and well-being: A lifeworld phenomenological study. International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, 11(1), Article ID 31330.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Patients' experiences of support for learning to live with diabetes to promote health and well-being: A lifeworld phenomenological study
2016 (English)In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 11, no 1, article id 31330Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Learning to live with diabetes in such a way that the new conditions will be a normal and natural part of life imposes requirements on the person living with diabetes. Previous studies have shown that there is no clear picture of what and how the learning that would allow persons to incorporate the illness into their everyday life will be supported. The aim of this study is to describe the phenomenon of support for learning to live with diabetes to promote health and well-being, from the patient's perspective. Data were collected by interviews with patients living with type 1 or type 2 diabetes. The interviews were analysed using a reflective lifeworld approach. The results show that reflection plays a central role for patients with diabetes in achieving a new understanding of the health process, and awareness of their own responsibility was found to be the key factor for such a reflection. The constituents are responsibility creating curiosity and willpower, openness enabling support, technology verifying bodily feelings, a permissive climate providing for participation and exchanging experiences with others. The study concludes that the challenge for caregivers is to create interactions in an open learning climate that initiates and supports reflection to promote health and well-being.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2016
Keywords
Diabetes, health, lifeworld, phenomenology, reflection, support for learning, well-being
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Health and Caring Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-58209 (URN)10.3402/qhw.v11.31330 (DOI)000386181900001 ()27539956 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84991267028 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-11-18 Created: 2016-11-18 Last updated: 2018-10-02Bibliographically approved
Almerud Österberg, S. & Elmqvist, C. (Eds.). (2015). Kliniska examinationer: Handbok för sjuksköterskestudenter på grund- och avancerad nivå (1ed.). Lund: Studentlitteratur AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kliniska examinationer: Handbok för sjuksköterskestudenter på grund- och avancerad nivå
2015 (Swedish)Collection (editor) (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Detta är en guide till kliniska examinationer som syftar till att du,som student, ska vara väl förberedd och genomföra examinationen på bästa sätt. Innehållet i boken är tänkt att ge en överskådlig och intresseväckande bild av de olika kliniska examinationsformerna.

Boken är lätt att bära med sig i kliniska undervisningssituationer,den ger konkreta tips kring olika moment i examinationerna.  Författarna till boken är sjuksköterskor, specialistsjuksköterskor  och universitetslärare med mångårig erfarenhet av kliniska examinationer och kliniska slutexaminationer på olika nivåer och i olika utbildningsprogram.

Målgruppen är studenter i sjuksköterske- och specialistsjuksköterskeprogrammen där kliniska examinationer är en del av utbildningen. Den kan också läsas av lärare vid universitet eller högskolor som inspiration och stöd i arbetet med kliniska examinationer. Liknande böcker finns på den brittiska och amerikanska marknaden men detta är den första i Sverige.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2015. p. 232 Edition: 1
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-46328 (URN)978-91-44-08678-1 (ISBN)
Available from: 2015-09-16 Created: 2015-09-16 Last updated: 2019-01-10Bibliographically approved
Johansson, K., Almerud Österberg, S., Leksell, J. & Berglund, M. (2015). Manoeuvring between anxiety and control: Patients' experience of learning to live with diabetes : A lifeworld phenomenological study. International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, 10, Article ID 27147.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Manoeuvring between anxiety and control: Patients' experience of learning to live with diabetes : A lifeworld phenomenological study
2015 (English)In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 10, article id 27147Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Research shows that people with diabetes want their lives to proceed as normally as possible, but some patients experience difficulty in reaching their desired goals with treatment. The learning process is a complex phenomenon interwoven into every facet of life. Patients and healthcare providers often have different perspectives in care which gives different expectations on what the patients need to learn and cope with. The aim of this study, therefore, is to describe the experience of learning to live with diabetes. Interviews were conducted with 12 patients afflicted with type 1 or type 2 diabetes. The interviews were then analysed with reference to the reflective lifeworld research approach. The analysis shows that when the afflicted realize that their bodies undergo changes and that blood sugar levels are not always balanced as earlier in life, they can adjust to their new conditions early. The afflicted must take responsibility for balancing their blood sugar levels and incorporating the illness into their lives. Achieving such goals necessitates knowledge. The search for knowledge and sensitivity to changes are constant requirements for people with diabetes. Learning is driven by the tension caused by the need for and dependence on safe blood sugar control, the fear of losing such control, and the fear of future complications. The most important responsibilities for these patients are aspiring to understand their bodies as lived bodies, ensuring safety and security, and acquiring the knowledge essential to making conscious choices.

Keywords
Diabetes, existence, interviews, learning, lifeworld, phenomenology
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Health and Caring Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-45918 (URN)10.3402/qhw.v10.27147 (DOI)000352427600001 ()25861973 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84927544510 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2015-08-27 Created: 2015-08-27 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved
Elmqvist, C. & Almerud Österberg, S. (Eds.). (2014). Akut omhändertagande av trauma: på skadeplats och akutmottagning (1ed.). Lund: Studentlitteratur AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Akut omhändertagande av trauma: på skadeplats och akutmottagning
2014 (Swedish)Collection (editor) (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2014. p. 200 Edition: 1
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-46327 (URN)978-91-44-08677-4 (ISBN)
Note

Om boken:

Syftet med denna bok är att ge en kronologisk beskrivning av ett akut omhändertagande efter en trafik­olycka. Det scenario som boken grundar sig i betraktas som en allvarlig händelse, det vill säga en händelse där många personer är drabbade och där polis,räddningstjänst och ambulanssjukvård samverkar på skadeplats och där ett ökat beredskapsläge påkallas på sjukhuset.

Boken är skriven av sjuksköterskor och läkare med lång klinisk erfarenhet av akut omhändertagande. Vidare medverkar personer från polis, räddningstjänst, länsstyrelsen och Katastrofmedicinskt centrum med specialkompetens inom samhällets organisation och beredskap vid olyckor.

Denna bok riktar sig främst till sjuksköterskestudenter, studenter vid polisutbildningen samt studerande vid utbildning till del- och heltidsbrandman. Boken kan med fördel även användas på avancerad nivå såsom specialistutbildning till ambulanssjuksköterska eller andra utbildningar och kurser inom akutsjukvårdsområdet. Även yrkesverksamma inom nämnda områden kan använda boken.

Available from: 2015-09-16 Created: 2015-09-16 Last updated: 2019-01-09Bibliographically approved
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ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-2602-0101

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