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Kans, M. & Ingwald, A. (2019). Modular-Based Framework of Key Performance Indicators Regulating Maintenance Contracts. In: Joseph Mathew C W Lim Lin Ma Don Sands Michael E. Cholette Pietro Borghesani (Ed.), Asset Intelligence through Integration and Interoperability and Contemporary Vibration Engineering Technologies: Proceedings of the 12th World Congress on Engineering Asset Management and the 13th International Conference on Vibration Engineering and Technology of Machinery (pp. 301-310). Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Modular-Based Framework of Key Performance Indicators Regulating Maintenance Contracts
2019 (English)In: Asset Intelligence through Integration and Interoperability and Contemporary Vibration Engineering Technologies: Proceedings of the 12th World Congress on Engineering Asset Management and the 13th International Conference on Vibration Engineering and Technology of Machinery / [ed] Joseph Mathew C W Lim Lin Ma Don Sands Michael E. Cholette Pietro Borghesani, Springer, 2019, p. 301-310Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Key performance indicators (KPI) are necessary for regulating maintenance performance, setting goals as well as for follow up and improvement. Several standards and models for measuring maintenance performance exist today, but these are mainly developed for in-house maintenance. For outsourced maintenance, which is regulated in a service contract, other kinds of KPIs are needed. The procurement of maintenance and contract forms is also changing; an alternative to the traditional maintenance contract based on fixed price and predetermined activities are the performance-based contracts. Cooperation contracts based on mutual trust and fairness for all parties are also available. New KPI models for regulating maintenance service contracts are therefore needed. In this paper, a KPI framework for maintenance contracts based on the concept of modular maintenance offerings is proposed. Modular maintenance offerings is a way to classify maintenance services offerings with increasing integration of the offering, and increasing focus on utility for the customer and the business ecosystem. The KPI framework proposes indicators for regulating contracts on three levels (resource, performance and utility level) and includes six categories of indicators: economic, technical, organisational, quality, safety and health, and relationship between actors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2019
Series
Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering, ISSN 2195-4356
National Category
Reliability and Maintenance
Research subject
Technology (byts ev till Engineering), Terotechnology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-79147 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-95711-1 (DOI)978-3-319-95710-4 (ISBN)978-3-319-95711-1 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-12-10 Created: 2018-12-10 Last updated: 2018-12-10
Gustafsson, Å. & Kans, M. (2018). Faculty experiences in interdisciplinary programs: opportunities and challenges. In: Casey Bean, Jens Bennedsen, Kristina Edström, Ron Hugo, Janne Röslof, Robert Songer & Tomohito Yamamoto (eds.) (Ed.), Proceedings of the 14th International CDIO Conference: Kanazawa in Japan, June 28-July 02, 2018. Paper presented at The 14th International CDIO Conference, Kanazawa, Japan, June 28-July 2, 2018. Kanazawa, Japan: Kanazawa Institute of Technology, Article ID 44.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Faculty experiences in interdisciplinary programs: opportunities and challenges
2018 (English)In: Proceedings of the 14th International CDIO Conference: Kanazawa in Japan, June 28-July 02, 2018 / [ed] Casey Bean, Jens Bennedsen, Kristina Edström, Ron Hugo, Janne Röslof, Robert Songer & Tomohito Yamamoto (eds.), Kanazawa, Japan: Kanazawa Institute of Technology , 2018, article id 44Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Changes in the business environment (such as shorter product lifecycles, globalization, and digitalization) while contributing to a sustainable development, have formed new conditions for companies and organizations. In this new situation, problems encountered cannot be answered within a single discipline. Interdisciplinary programs where students from different disciplines interact in learning and knowledge creation is a way to meet these changes in society. An interdisciplinary program also requires interaction on staff level: Meaningful collaboration brings together expertise from different disciplines so the fundamentals of a given discipline are clarified, and the connections to other disciplines are described, reaching a synergy effect by utilizing the strengths of each area. This, however, puts demands on the curriculum design and on the interaction of the teachers. This paper explores the teachers’ perspective of an interdisciplinary program at Linnaeus University. The program is a 2-year master program entitled “Innovation through business, engineering and design”, recruiting students from the engineering, business and design disciplines. The teaching staff represents different subject areas, and the teachers interact in an interdisciplinary mode in the first year, while the second year mainly contains disciplinary courses. In two focus group interviews, teachers were asked about opportunities and challenges in participating in the interdisciplinary program, as well as their view and how interdisciplinarity is considered in the program. The purpose of the paper is to identify how teachers perceive teaching in an interdisciplinary program as well as to distinguish perceived opportunities and challenges for teachers to participate in interdisciplinary programs. This paper concludes that teachers perceive interdisciplinary learning to take place in the project context, where students come from different disciplines work together to solve a complex real-life assignment. Moreover, the hindrances appear to outweigh the possibilities in participating in an interdisciplinary program. Amongst challenges the teachers perceive lack of resources, such as appropriate learning environments, required competence, and unclear decision channels.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Kanazawa, Japan: Kanazawa Institute of Technology, 2018
Series
Research Reports from Kanazawa Institute of Technology, ISSN 1796-9964
Keywords
Interdisciplinar, Focus groups, Master program, Innovation, Standards 3, 7, 9, 10, 12
National Category
Educational Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-77206 (URN)9784906122530 (ISBN)
Conference
The 14th International CDIO Conference, Kanazawa, Japan, June 28-July 2, 2018
Available from: 2018-08-20 Created: 2018-08-20 Last updated: 2018-09-19Bibliographically approved
Kans, M. (2018). IT governance from the operational perspective: a study of IT governance strategies applied within maintenance management. International Journal of Services Technology and Management, 24(1-3), 263-288
Open this publication in new window or tab >>IT governance from the operational perspective: a study of IT governance strategies applied within maintenance management
2018 (English)In: International Journal of Services Technology and Management, ISSN 1460-6720, E-ISSN 1741-525X, Vol. 24, no 1-3, p. 263-288Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper investigates the existence and effects of different ITgovernance strategies on the operative level of manufacturing industries. Thestudy is based on a mixed research method including statistical analysisof questionnaire data and a qualitative analysis of interview material. Theoperational business unit that is being studied is maintenance and itsmanagement. Several types of IT governance strategies existed within thisbusiness unit according to the study, and the decentralised was the mostcommon. The different strategies had both a positive and negative impact onthe business unit, but the federal IT governance strategy seems to overcomesome of the problems in the others. The results indicate that there might beother characteristics worth testing than the ones used in this study, for instancethe size of the business unit.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
InderScience Publishers, 2018
Keywords
IT governance strategies; centralised strategy; decentralised strategy; federal strategy; mixed study research; non-parametric test; cluster analysis; story-telling
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects Business Administration
Research subject
Technology (byts ev till Engineering), Terotechnology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-71129 (URN)10.1504/IJSTM.2018.10011465 (DOI)
Available from: 2018-02-28 Created: 2018-02-28 Last updated: 2018-09-19Bibliographically approved
Kans, M. & Gustafsson, Å. (2018). Student perspectives on interdisciplinarity: findings from an interdisciplinary two-year master program. In: Casey Bean, Jens Bennedsen, Kristina Edström, Ron Hugo, Janne Röslof, Robert Songer & Tomohito Yamamoto (eds.) (Ed.), Proceedings of the 14th International CDIO Conference: Kanazawa in Japan, June 28-July 02, 2018. Paper presented at The 14th International CDIO Conference, Kanazawa, Japan, June 28-July 2, 2018. Kanazawa, Japan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Student perspectives on interdisciplinarity: findings from an interdisciplinary two-year master program
2018 (English)In: Proceedings of the 14th International CDIO Conference: Kanazawa in Japan, June 28-July 02, 2018 / [ed] Casey Bean, Jens Bennedsen, Kristina Edström, Ron Hugo, Janne Röslof, Robert Songer & Tomohito Yamamoto (eds.), Kanazawa, Japan, 2018Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The business environment has changed significantly during the last decade; globalization and short innovation cycles have become every-day business. These changes have formed new conditions for the companies and organizations: few of the problems encountered can be answered within a single discipline. Hence in order to address contemporary problems, companies and organizations need to have labor and recruit students with interdisciplinary skills. Consequently higher education must correspond to the business world’s changing needs by providing interdisciplinary programs. The purpose of possessing interdisciplinary knowledge and skills is to have the ability to understand the origin and nature of related disciplines as well as to relate these to its own discipline. Interdisciplinary skills could be viewed as an intangible type of knowledge that needs to be taught by and learned at the university. By possessing interdisciplinary skills, the labor and students will have a holistic view as compared the view related to one single discipline. The challenge, for the universities, lies in teaching and to ensure that the students possess interdisciplinary knowledge and skills. This paper focuses on students’ perceptions of interdisciplinarity and where it is taught and learned in a two-year master program. The purpose is to identify and analyze students’ perceptions of learning interdisciplinarity in a two-year master program. This paper is based on focus groups and personal interviews with students enrolled in the interdisciplinary two-year master program named “Innovation through business, engineering and design” hosted by the Linnaeus University. The two-year master program aims to enroll about 30 students each year from the disciplinary areas of Business, Engineering and Design. The paper concludes that the students perceive interdisciplinary as challenging and that interdisciplinarity require disciplinary skills and competences as well as personal and interpersonal capabilities. The students’ perceptions of interdisciplinary learning appear to be in line with the notion that learning is primarily to see things from different perspectives. Interdisciplinarity appears first and foremost in team work and communication. Tendencies towards a modification of the disciplines were noticed by the authors, which might lead to new disciplines evolving, such as “innovation design” or “innovation engineering”.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Kanazawa, Japan: , 2018
Series
Research Reports from Kanazawa Institute of Technology, ISSN 1796-9964
Keywords
Interdisciplinarity, Interview study, Ongoing two-year master program in innovation, Standards: 2, 7, 8, 12
National Category
Educational Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-77205 (URN)9784906122530 (ISBN)
Conference
The 14th International CDIO Conference, Kanazawa, Japan, June 28-July 2, 2018
Available from: 2018-08-20 Created: 2018-08-20 Last updated: 2018-09-19Bibliographically approved
Landscheidt, S., Kans, M., Winroth, M. & Wester, H. (2018). The future of industrial robot business: Product or performance based?. In: Mauro Onori, Lihui Wang, Xi Vincent Wang, Wei Ji (Ed.), Proceedings of the 8th Swedish Production Symposium (SPS 2018): . Paper presented at 8th Swedish Production Symposium, SPS 2018, 16-18 May 2018, Stockholm, Sweden (pp. 495-502). Elsevier, 25
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The future of industrial robot business: Product or performance based?
2018 (English)In: Proceedings of the 8th Swedish Production Symposium (SPS 2018) / [ed] Mauro Onori, Lihui Wang, Xi Vincent Wang, Wei Ji, Elsevier, 2018, Vol. 25, p. 495-502Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The robot market today is mainly based on product-centered sales concepts. In the future, traditional procurement of industrial robots can be expected to become less important and the business models will shift the focus towards leasing or even pay-per-use. This paper discusses how these new business models should be designed and what components and features are needed for successful implementation. Digitalization, circular economy, cultural barriers, business traditions and fear of new philosophies are investigated and put into the context of the advantages offered. A possible transformation process is set into the context of the product-process matrix.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
Series
Procedia Manufacturing, ISSN 2351-9789
Keywords
Automation business model functionality industrial robot product-service-systems servitization
National Category
Other Mechanical Engineering Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Technology (byts ev till Engineering), Forestry and Wood Technology; Technology (byts ev till Engineering)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-77228 (URN)10.1016/j.promfg.2018.06.125 (DOI)
Conference
8th Swedish Production Symposium, SPS 2018, 16-18 May 2018, Stockholm, Sweden
Projects
ProWOOD
Funder
Knowledge Foundation
Available from: 2018-08-22 Created: 2018-08-22 Last updated: 2018-11-28Bibliographically approved
Metso, L. & Kans, M. (2017). An Ecosystem Perspective on Asset Management Information. Management Systems in Production Engineering, 25(3), 150-157
Open this publication in new window or tab >>An Ecosystem Perspective on Asset Management Information
2017 (English)In: Management Systems in Production Engineering, ISSN 2299-0461, Vol. 25, no 3, p. 150-157Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Big Data and Internet of Things will increase the amount of data on asset management exceedingly. Data sharing with an increased number of partners in the area of asset management is important when developing business opportunities and new ecosystems. An asset management ecosystem is a complex set of relationships between parties taking part in asset management actions. In this paper, the current barriers and benefits of data sharing are identified based on the results of an interview study. The main benefits are transparency, access to data and reuse of data. New services can be created by taking advantage of data sharing. The main barriers to sharing data are an unclear view of the data sharing process and difficulties to recognize the benefits of data sharing. For overcoming the barriers in data sharing, this paper applies the ecosystem perspective on asset management information. The approach is explained by using the Swedish railway industry as an example.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
De Gruyter Open, 2017
Keywords
Open data, data sharing, information management, information model, business ecosystem, Asset as a Service
National Category
Reliability and Maintenance
Research subject
Technology (byts ev till Engineering), Terotechnology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-67393 (URN)10.1515/mspe-2017-0022 (DOI)000408931800002 ()
Available from: 2017-08-24 Created: 2017-08-24 Last updated: 2018-09-19Bibliographically approved
Metso, L. & Kans, M. (2017). An ecosystem perspective on asset management information. In: Diego Galar, Dammika Seneviratne (Ed.), MPMM 2016, Maintenance, Performance, Measurement & Management: conference proceedings: . Paper presented at 6th International Conference on Maintenance Performance Measurement and Management, 28 November 2016, Luleå, Sweden (pp. 69-75). Luleå: Luleå University of Technology
Open this publication in new window or tab >>An ecosystem perspective on asset management information
2017 (English)In: MPMM 2016, Maintenance, Performance, Measurement & Management: conference proceedings / [ed] Diego Galar, Dammika Seneviratne, Luleå: Luleå University of Technology, 2017, p. 69-75Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Big Data and Internet of Things will increase the amount of data on asset management exceedingly. Data sharing with an increased number of partners in the area of asset management is important when developing business opportunities and new ecosystems. An asset management ecosystem is a complex set of relationships between parties taking part in asset management actions. In this paper, the current barriers and benefits of data sharing are identified based on the results of an interview study. The main benefits are transparency, access to data and reuse of data. New services can be created by taking advantage of data sharing. The main barriers to sharing data are an unclear view of the data sharing process and difficulties to recognize the benefits of data sharing. For overcoming the barriers in data sharing, this paper applies the ecosystem perspective on asset management information. The approach is explained by using the Swedish railway industry as an example.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå: Luleå University of Technology, 2017
Keywords
Open data, data sharing, information management, information model, business ecosystem, Asset as a Service
National Category
Reliability and Maintenance
Research subject
Technology (byts ev till Engineering), Terotechnology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-61489 (URN)978-91-7583-841-0 (ISBN)
Conference
6th International Conference on Maintenance Performance Measurement and Management, 28 November 2016, Luleå, Sweden
Available from: 2017-03-21 Created: 2017-03-21 Last updated: 2018-09-19Bibliographically approved
Landscheidt, S., Kans, M. & Winroth, M. (2017). Differences on automation practices in wooden single-family houses manufacturing: Four case studies. In: Marcin Zbiec and Kazimierz Orlowski (Ed.), 23rd International Wood Machining Seminar Proceedings: . Paper presented at 23rd International Wood Machining Seminar, 28-31 May, 2017, Warsaw, Poland (pp. 350-359). Warsaw, Poland: Warsaw University of Life Sciences
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Differences on automation practices in wooden single-family houses manufacturing: Four case studies
2017 (English)In: 23rd International Wood Machining Seminar Proceedings / [ed] Marcin Zbiec and Kazimierz Orlowski, Warsaw, Poland: Warsaw University of Life Sciences , 2017, p. 350-359Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In densely forested countries, forest and wood-based products are an important contributing factor to the country’s economy and also a valuable resource for house manufacturing. With rising demand for housing in Europe, wooden houses have become more of an alternative to concrete houses. Although wooden houses have always been popular in Nordic countries, higher demand puts more pressure on seemingly outdated production facilities and personnel in order to supply the market. Whereas many other industries strive to modern production concepts such as Industry 4.0 to adapt to new market conditions, industrial timber house building is still characterized by a high amount of manual labor.

In Europe´s highly industrialized countries, labor costs influence wooden house manufacturers rather negatively and exert great pressure on them to stay competitive. Some companies have chosen outsourcing of their operations and production as means to survive. Another way, already successfully proven in other industries, is the automation and digitalization of production processes. Effective implementation of automation equipment depends on several factors, e.g. production volume, applied material, chosen application or cycle times. It is not entirely clear which factors are contributing to the successful change to a more automated production.

Based on an Industry 4.0 readiness model, the purpose of this study is to seek out which dimensions correlate with each other in order to support improved production processes and efficiency for wooden single-house manufactures. 

By applying a comparative case study approach, automation standards and practices in Sweden, Germany and Austria, are described and compared. Results of this case study reveal that a production strategy together with sound digital support and information sharing leads to the best production systems for single-wooden houses manufacturers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Warsaw, Poland: Warsaw University of Life Sciences, 2017
Keywords
Automation, Industry 4.0, international practices, production system, wooden single-family house
National Category
Wood Science Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Technology (byts ev till Engineering), Forestry and Wood Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-67488 (URN)
Conference
23rd International Wood Machining Seminar, 28-31 May, 2017, Warsaw, Poland
Projects
ProWOOD
Available from: 2017-08-29 Created: 2017-08-29 Last updated: 2018-09-19Bibliographically approved
Landscheidt, S., Kans, M. & Winroth, M. (2017). Opportunities for robotic automation in wood product industries: The supplier and system integrators' perspective. In: Pellicciari, M; Peruzzini, M (Ed.), 27th International Conference on Flexible Automation and Intelligent Manufacturing, FAIM2017: . Paper presented at 27th International Conference on Flexible Automation and Intelligent Manufacturing, FAIM2017,27-30 June 2017, Modena, Italy (pp. 233-240). Elsevier
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Opportunities for robotic automation in wood product industries: The supplier and system integrators' perspective
2017 (English)In: 27th International Conference on Flexible Automation and Intelligent Manufacturing, FAIM2017 / [ed] Pellicciari, M; Peruzzini, M, Elsevier, 2017, p. 233-240Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In this study, the opportunities for automation in the poorly automated wood product industry are highlighted. This isaccomplished by conducting a qualitative interview study of suppliers and system integrators for industrial robots active in thisparticular industry sector. Five case companies are chosen in order to explore the unique dimensions responsible for successfulautomation implantation in wood product companies. Results show that a low understanding of automation opportunities, unclearrequirements specifications, and small production volumes are the main problems for suitable automation solutions. Althoughwood is a fragile and changeable material, existing technology allows its manipulation with industrial robots.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2017
Series
Procedia Manufacturing, ISSN 2351-9789 ; 11
Keywords
Automation, industrial robot, supplier perspective, system integration, wood product industry
National Category
Other Mechanical Engineering Robotics
Research subject
Technology (byts ev till Engineering), Forestry and Wood Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-68477 (URN)10.1016/j.promfg.2017.07.231 (DOI)000419072100026 ()
Conference
27th International Conference on Flexible Automation and Intelligent Manufacturing, FAIM2017,27-30 June 2017, Modena, Italy
Projects
ProWOOD
Funder
Knowledge Foundation
Available from: 2017-10-27 Created: 2017-10-27 Last updated: 2018-11-28Bibliographically approved
Kans, M. & Galar, D. (2017). The Impact of Maintenance 4.0 and Big Data Analytics within Strategic Asset Management. In: Diego Galar, Dammika Seneviratne (Ed.), MPMM 2016, Maintenance, Performance, Measurement & Management: conference proceedings: . Paper presented at 6th International Conference on Maintenance Performance Measurement and Management, 28 November 2016, Luleå, Sweden (pp. 96-103). Luleå: Luleå University of Technology
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Impact of Maintenance 4.0 and Big Data Analytics within Strategic Asset Management
2017 (English)In: MPMM 2016, Maintenance, Performance, Measurement & Management: conference proceedings / [ed] Diego Galar, Dammika Seneviratne, Luleå: Luleå University of Technology, 2017, p. 96-103Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The latest industrial revolution is manifested by smart and networking equipment. Realizing the full value of these machineries, and other business assets, has become increasingly important. Strategic asset management faces managerial, technical as well as methodological challenges, of which some could be reduced or overcome by applying technological solutions such as Internet of things, cloud computing, cyber-physical systems and big data analytics. This paper outlines the impact of the emerging technologies in the area of strategic management with special emphasis on the analytics as service provider for the maintenance functions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå: Luleå University of Technology, 2017
Keywords
maintenance 4.0, big data, cyber -physical systems, cloud computing, strategic asset management, challenges in asset management
National Category
Reliability and Maintenance
Research subject
Technology (byts ev till Engineering), Terotechnology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-61491 (URN)978-91-7583-841-0 (ISBN)
Conference
6th International Conference on Maintenance Performance Measurement and Management, 28 November 2016, Luleå, Sweden
Available from: 2017-03-21 Created: 2017-03-21 Last updated: 2018-09-19Bibliographically approved
Projects
STEM education on equal terms [2018-03381_Vinnova]; Linnaeus University
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-2637-6175

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