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Laitinen, M., Levin, M. & Lakaw, A. (2019). Charting New Sources of elf Data: A Multi-Genre Corpus Approach. In: Carla Suhr, Terttu Nevalainen, Irma Taavitsainen (Ed.), From Data to Evidence in English Language Research: (pp. 326-350). Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Charting New Sources of elf Data: A Multi-Genre Corpus Approach
2019 (English)In: From Data to Evidence in English Language Research / [ed] Carla Suhr, Terttu Nevalainen, Irma Taavitsainen, Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2019, p. 326-350Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The article discusses research that charts new lingua franca English data and broadensthe scope of written elf corpora. We illustrate that, apart from the academic domain,there exist various written genres in non-native contexts in which English is used as asecond language resource alongside native languages. These uncharted data can provideus with new ways of approaching the ongoing globalization of English. The newapproach incorporates a broader perspective on elf than previously, seeing it as onestage in the long diachronic continuum of Englishes rather than as an entity emergingin interaction. The first part details a corpus project that produces written multi-genrecorpora suitable for real-time studies of how ongoing variability is reflected in linguafranca use. It is followed by three case studies investigating quantitative patterns ofongoing change in elf. The conclusions suggest that a diachronically-informed angleto lingua franca use offers a new vantage point not only to elf but also to ongoinggrammatical variability. It shows that the traditional and canonized way of seeing nonnativespeakers/writers is not sufficient, nor is the simplified view of norm dependency of non-native individuals.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2019
Series
Language and Computers - Studies in Digital Linguistics, ISSN 0921-5034 ; 83
Keywords
English as a lingua franca, second language use, ELF genres, ongoing change
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics Specific Languages
Research subject
Humanities, English
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-80522 (URN)10.1163/9789004390652_015 (DOI)978-90-04-39065-2 (ISBN)978-90-04-39064-5 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-02-13 Created: 2019-02-13 Last updated: 2019-04-12Bibliographically approved
Lundberg, J., Nordqvist, J. & Laitinen, M. (2019). Towards a language independent Twitter bot detector. In: Navarretta Costanza et al. (Ed.), Proceedings of 4th Conference of The Association Digital Humanities in the Nordic Countries: Copenhagen, March 6-8 2019. Paper presented at 4th Conference of The Association Digital Humanities in the Nordic Countries, Copenhagen, March 6-8 2019. Copenhagen: Digital Humanities in the Nordic countries
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Towards a language independent Twitter bot detector
2019 (English)In: Proceedings of 4th Conference of The Association Digital Humanities in the Nordic Countries: Copenhagen, March 6-8 2019 / [ed] Navarretta Costanza et al., Copenhagen: Digital Humanities in the Nordic countries , 2019Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This article describes our work in developing an application that recognizes automatically generated tweets. The objective of this machine learning application is to increase data accuracy in sociolinguistic studies that utilize Twitter by reducing skewed sampling and inaccuracies in linguistic data. Most previous machine learning attempts to exclude bot material have been language dependent since they make use of monolingual Twitter text in their training phase. In this paper, we present a language independent approach which classifies each single tweet to be either autogenerated (AGT) or human-generated (HGT). We define an AGT as a tweet where all or parts of the natural language content is generated automatically by a bot or other type of program. In other words, while AGT/HGT refer to an individual message, the term bot refers to non-personal and automated accounts that post content to online social networks. Our approach classifies a tweet using only metadata that comes with every tweet, and we utilize those metadata parameters that are both language and country independent. The empirical part shows good success rates. Using a bilingual training set of Finnish and Swedish tweets, we correctly classified about 98.2% of all tweets in a test set using a third language (English).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Copenhagen: Digital Humanities in the Nordic countries, 2019
Keywords
Twitter, bots, bot detection, supervised machine learning
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics Computer and Information Sciences
Research subject
Humanities, English; Computer and Information Sciences Computer Science, Computer Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-81663 (URN)
Conference
4th Conference of The Association Digital Humanities in the Nordic Countries, Copenhagen, March 6-8 2019
Available from: 2019-04-04 Created: 2019-04-04 Last updated: 2019-04-29Bibliographically approved
Nevalainen, T., Laitinen, M., Nevala, M. & Numi, A. (2018). Changes in different stages: From nearing completion to completed. In: Terttu Nevalainen, Minna Palander-Collin, Tanja Säily (Ed.), Patterns of Change in 18th-century English: A sociolinguistic approach (pp. 251-256). Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Changes in different stages: From nearing completion to completed
2018 (English)In: Patterns of Change in 18th-century English: A sociolinguistic approach / [ed] Terttu Nevalainen, Minna Palander-Collin, Tanja Säily, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2018, p. 251-256Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2018
Series
Advances in Historical Sociolinguistics, ISSN 2214-1057 ; 8
Keywords
Language change, historical sociolinguistics
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics Specific Languages
Research subject
Humanities, English
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-78278 (URN)9789027201034 (ISBN)9789027263834 (ISBN)
Projects
DISA
Available from: 2018-10-11 Created: 2018-10-11 Last updated: 2019-01-17Bibliographically approved
Palander-Collin, M., Laitinen, M., Sairio, A. & Säily, T. (2018). From incipient to mid-range and beyond. In: Terttu Nevalainen, Minna Palander-Collin, Tanja Säily (Ed.), Patterns of Change in 18th-century English: A sociolinguistic approach (pp. 246-252). Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company
Open this publication in new window or tab >>From incipient to mid-range and beyond
2018 (English)In: Patterns of Change in 18th-century English: A sociolinguistic approach / [ed] Terttu Nevalainen, Minna Palander-Collin, Tanja Säily, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2018, p. 246-252Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2018
Series
Advances in Historical Sociolinguistics, ISSN 2214-1057 ; 8
Keywords
Language change, historical sociolinguistics
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics Specific Languages
Research subject
Humanities, English
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-78279 (URN)9789027201034 (ISBN)978 90 272 6383 4 (ISBN)
Projects
DISA
Available from: 2018-10-11 Created: 2018-10-11 Last updated: 2019-01-17Bibliographically approved
Laitinen, M. & Säily, T. (2018). Google Books: A shortcut to studying language variability?. In: Terttu Nevalainen, Minna Palander-Collin, Tanja Säily (Ed.), Patterns of Change in 18th-century English: A sociolinguistic approach (pp. 225-235). Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Google Books: A shortcut to studying language variability?
2018 (English)In: Patterns of Change in 18th-century English: A sociolinguistic approach / [ed] Terttu Nevalainen, Minna Palander-Collin, Tanja Säily, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2018, p. 225-235Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2018
Series
Advances in Historical Sociolinguistics, ISSN 2214-1057 ; 8
Keywords
Google books, sociolinguistics, language change
National Category
Specific Languages General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject
Humanities, English
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-78276 (URN)9789027201034 (ISBN)978 90 272 6383 4 (ISBN)
Projects
DISA
Available from: 2018-10-11 Created: 2018-10-11 Last updated: 2019-01-17Bibliographically approved
Laitinen, M. (2018). Indefinite pronouns with singular human reference: Recessive and ongoing. In: Terttu Nevalainen, Minna Palander-Collin, Tanja Säily (Ed.), Patterns of Change in 18th-century English: A sociolinguistic approach (pp. 137-158). Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Indefinite pronouns with singular human reference: Recessive and ongoing
2018 (English)In: Patterns of Change in 18th-century English: A sociolinguistic approach / [ed] Terttu Nevalainen, Minna Palander-Collin, Tanja Säily, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2018, p. 137-158Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2018
Series
Advances in Historical Sociolinguistics, ISSN 2214-1057 ; 8
Keywords
Language change, corpus linguistics, historicalsociolinguistics
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject
Humanities, English
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-78275 (URN)10.1075/ahs.8.09lai (DOI)9789027201034 (ISBN)
Projects
DISA
Available from: 2018-10-11 Created: 2018-10-11 Last updated: 2019-01-17Bibliographically approved
Auer, A. & Laitinen, M. (Eds.). (2018). Mobility, Variability and Changing Literacies in Modern Times (119ed.). Helsinki: Modern Language Society
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mobility, Variability and Changing Literacies in Modern Times
2018 (English)Collection (editor) (Refereed)
Alternative title[en]
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Helsinki: Modern Language Society, 2018. p. 172 Edition: 119
Series
Neuphilologische Mitteilungen, ISSN 0028-3754 ; 119:1
Keywords
Mobility, variability, changing literacies
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics Specific Languages
Research subject
Humanities, English
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-80600 (URN)
Available from: 2019-02-18 Created: 2019-02-18 Last updated: 2019-04-10
Auer, A. & Laitinen, M. (2018). Mobility, variability and changing literacies in Modern times (Preface). Neuphilologische Mitteilungen, 119(1), 13-20
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mobility, variability and changing literacies in Modern times (Preface)
2018 (English)In: Neuphilologische Mitteilungen, ISSN 0028-3754, Vol. 119, no 1, p. 13-20Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Helsinki: Modern Language Society of Helsinki, 2018
Keywords
Mobility, variability, literacy
National Category
Specific Languages
Research subject
Humanities, English
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-80598 (URN)
Available from: 2019-02-18 Created: 2019-02-18 Last updated: 2019-05-20Bibliographically approved
Auer, A. & Laitinen, M. (Eds.). (2018). Mobility, Variability and Changing Literacies in Modern Times: Special issue of Neuphilologische Mitteilungen, Bulletin of the Modern Language Society, volume 119. Helsinki: UFY
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mobility, Variability and Changing Literacies in Modern Times: Special issue of Neuphilologische Mitteilungen, Bulletin of the Modern Language Society, volume 119
2018 (English)Collection (editor) (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Helsinki: UFY, 2018. p. 172
Series
Neuphilologische Mitteilungen, ISSN 0028-3754 ; 119:1
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics Specific Languages Specific Languages General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject
Humanities, English; Humanities, Linguistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-81664 (URN)
Available from: 2019-04-04 Created: 2019-04-04 Last updated: 2019-04-11
Laitinen, M. (2018). Placing ELF among the varieties of English: Observations from typological profiling. In: Sandra C. Deshors (Ed.), Modelling World Englishes in the 21st century: Assessing the interplay of emancipation and globalization of ESL varieties (pp. 109-131). Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Placing ELF among the varieties of English: Observations from typological profiling
2018 (English)In: Modelling World Englishes in the 21st century: Assessing the interplay of emancipation and globalization of ESL varieties / [ed] Sandra C. Deshors, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2018, p. 109-131Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This study investigates how (dis)similar ELF is structurally from the core nativevarieties of English, indigenized L2 varieties, and learner English. ELF is understoodas second language use of English in settings where the interactants do notnecessarily share a first language. The empirical part makes use of the method oftypological profiling based on aggregate structural features. This method measuresthree indices (i.e. grammaticity, analyticity, and syntheticity), and it hasbeen used previously to analyze a range of variety types but has not been appliedto the assessment of ELF. The results provide quantitative evidence that placesELF on the map and shows that, on purely structural grounds, ELF is a distinctvariety type among English varieties. Moreover, the observations show that ELFis structurally different from second language acquisition, and there is a quantitativebasis for drawing a distinction between ELF and traditional learner data.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2018
Series
Varieties of English around the World, ISSN 0172-7362 ; G61
Keywords
English as a lingu franca, second language use, typological profiling, genres in ELF
National Category
Specific Languages
Research subject
Humanities, English
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-77681 (URN)10.1075/veaw.g61.05lai (DOI)9789027201232 (ISBN)978 90 272 6370 4 (ISBN)
Projects
DISA-DHDISA
Available from: 2018-09-11 Created: 2018-09-11 Last updated: 2018-09-24Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-3123-6932

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