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Mahapatra, Krushna, ProfessorORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-4405-1056
Biography [eng]

My research focus is to identify sustainable technologies based on results from energy and material flow analyses and to understand their diffusion through the application of systems of innovation concept and sociological and marketing theories. I have researched on a wide range of topics including diffusion of multi-storey wooden buildings, attitudes and perceptions towards adoption of space heating systems and building envelop energy efficiency measures in residential buildings, one-stop-shop business models for energy efficiency renovation of detached houses, stakeholder attitude towards intensive forest management practices, and factors contributing to tropical deforestation.

Publications (10 of 93) Show all publications
Munkacsi, N. & Mahapatra, K. (2019). Communication and Household Adoption of Heating Products in Hungary. Energies, 12(2), 1-22, Article ID 305.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Communication and Household Adoption of Heating Products in Hungary
2019 (English)In: Energies, ISSN 1996-1073, E-ISSN 1996-1073, Vol. 12, no 2, p. 1-22, article id 305Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Existing studies of heating products have analyzed the adoption of energy-efficient heating technologies from diverse micro and macroeconomic aspects, such as diffusion of innovation, willingness to pay, business models, energy pricing, etc., but the analysis from a marketing management approach based on end customer insight is still lacking. Understanding the decision-making process of end customers, and the influence of social environment at the diverse stages of the purchase process leads to a focused market strategy, thereby contributes toward overcoming the multi-level segmentation challenge faced by the manufacturers of heating products. In this context, a two-step exploratory research was conducted in December 2013 with end customers of the residential heat market in Hungary. The end customers were found to be active decision-makers engaged in deliberate planning in the purchase of heating products. They start searching for information by turning mainly to online information sources and they actively integrate their social network in all stages of the decision-making process, which means that the role of the installer is relatively less influential along the whole purchasing process. Identified influencing communication channels at the diverse stages of the purchase process may support manufacturers to develop a user-centric marketing strategy by optimizing the communication instruments in their marketing mix by, for instance, including direct end customer communication via online channels and by de-emphasizing offline communication channels.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2019
Keywords
end customers; adoption; diffusion; purchase process; social environment; installers
National Category
Energy Systems
Research subject
Technology (byts ev till Engineering), Sustainable Built Environment
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-80890 (URN)10.3390/en12020305 (DOI)000459743700106 ()
Available from: 2019-03-01 Created: 2019-03-01 Last updated: 2019-03-21Bibliographically approved
Pardalis, G., Mainali, B. & Mahapatra, K. (2019). One-stop-shop as an innovation, and construction SMEs: a Swedish perspective. In: Prof. J.Yanab, Prof. H.Yangc, Dr. H.Lid, Dr. X.Chene (Ed.), Innovative Solutions for Energy Transitions: Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Applied Energy (ICAE2018): . Paper presented at 10th International Conference on Applied Energy (ICAE2018), Hong Kong, China, August 22-25, 2018 (pp. 2737-2743). , 158
Open this publication in new window or tab >>One-stop-shop as an innovation, and construction SMEs: a Swedish perspective
2019 (English)In: Innovative Solutions for Energy Transitions: Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Applied Energy (ICAE2018) / [ed] Prof. J.Yanab, Prof. H.Yangc, Dr. H.Lid, Dr. X.Chene, 2019, Vol. 158, p. 2737-2743Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper examines the views of construction SMEs in Sweden regarding innovations, in particular the one-stop-shop business concept,and its adoption for renovation of detached house. The investigation is based on interviews with 10 construction SMEs and by applying aconceptual framework for organizational innovation adoption. The results suggest that, even though the one-stop-shop businessconcept is perceived as a means for growth, at present, construction SMEs in Sweden are unlikely to adopt it at present. This lackof interest is mostly related to the perceived complexity of this model and the underlying risks and uncertainties. That complexity isseen as a preventing factor as it puts at stake their current business. The interviewees proposed that there should be an entrepreneur to coordinate the actors involved in the renovation process, whose role can be further studied.

Series
Energy Procedia, ISSN 1876-6102
Keywords
innovation adoption, one-stop-shop, construction SMEs, adopter characteristics, perceptions
National Category
Construction Management
Research subject
Environmental Science, Environmental technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-78474 (URN)10.1016/j.egypro.2019.02.031 (DOI)
Conference
10th International Conference on Applied Energy (ICAE2018), Hong Kong, China, August 22-25, 2018
Funder
The Kamprad Family Foundation, 6810EU, Horizon 2020, 6811
Available from: 2018-10-25 Created: 2018-10-25 Last updated: 2019-03-21Bibliographically approved
Bravo, G., Pardalis, G., Mahapatra, K. & Mainali, B. (2019). Physical vs. Aesthetic Renovations: Learning from Swedish House Owners. Buildings, 9(1), Article ID 12.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Physical vs. Aesthetic Renovations: Learning from Swedish House Owners
2019 (English)In: Buildings, ISSN 2075-5309, E-ISSN 2075-5309, Vol. 9, no 1, article id 12Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this paper, we identify the socio-economic attributes and attitudes that have influencedhouse owners in renovating their homes in the past. Our study is based on responses to an onlinequestionnaire survey of 971 house owners living in Kronoberg County in Sweden. Results showedthat the interest and willingness of the house owners to perform a renovation varied dependingon their demographic background and the age of the house. The latter positively affected pastrenovations, only when combined with the residence time. Furthermore, the age of house ownersstrongly and positively affected the probability of performing aesthetic type of renovations, becauseof a long time of residence in the house. Younger, town living, and highly educated house ownersseem to be more concerned regarding saving energy, which motivated them to perform physicalrenovations on their house. Our results also suggest that income, level of education, and place ofresidence have an effect on renovation decisions only through their effect on the energy concern ofhouse owners, and a varied effect on renovation decisions, when combined with the time of residencein the house.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2019
Keywords
house owners, renovations, physical renovations, aesthetic renovations, decision-making
National Category
Energy Systems Environmental Management
Research subject
Technology (byts ev till Engineering), Sustainable Built Environment
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-79411 (URN)10.3390/buildings9010012 (DOI)000457159600017 ()
Funder
The Kamprad Family Foundation
Available from: 2019-01-09 Created: 2019-01-09 Last updated: 2019-02-15Bibliographically approved
Jalilzadehazhari, E. & Mahapatra, K. (2019). The most cost-effective energy solution in renovating a multi-family house. In: Johansson, Dennis, Bagge, Hans, Wahlström, Åsa (Ed.), Cold Climate HVAC 2018, The 9th International Cold Climate Conference Sustainable new and renovated buildings in cold climates Kiruna – Sweden 12-15, March 2018: . Paper presented at Cold Climate HVAC 2018 The 9th International Cold Climate Conference Sustainable new and renovated buildings in cold climates Kiruna – Sweden 12-15, March 2018. Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The most cost-effective energy solution in renovating a multi-family house
2019 (English)In: Cold Climate HVAC 2018, The 9th International Cold Climate Conference Sustainable new and renovated buildings in cold climates Kiruna – Sweden 12-15, March 2018 / [ed] Johansson, Dennis, Bagge, Hans, Wahlström, Åsa, Springer, 2019Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The Swedish government aims to reduce total energy demand per heated building area by 50% until 2050.  A large number of residential buildings, built within the so-called “Million homes program” in Sweden, need major renovations, which offers an opportunity to implement energy efficiency measures and thereby, reduce total energy demand. The best way to encourage the implementation of a major renovation is to demonstrate a practical method which reduces energy demand and provides economic benefits. Hence, this study aims to determine the most cost-effective energy solution in renovating a multi-family residential building. Multiple energy renovation measures were simulated on a case study to reduce the space heating and domestic hot water by 50%.  The case study building was built within the “Million homes program” and is located in Växjö, Swedish climate zone 3. Design Builder software was used for analysing the pre-renovation energy performance of the building. The renovation measures comprised different insulation thicknesses of external walls, attic and ground floors, windows with different U-values, a mechanical ventilation with heat recovery system, and solar system for supporting space heating and domestic hot water. Later, a multi-objective optimization was accomplished for analysing every possible combination of renovation measures.  The most cost-effective energy solution was obtained by calculating the net present value in a lifetime of 30 and 50 years and discount rate of 1%, 3% and 5%. Comparing the implications of two different lifetimes on net present value with implications of three different discount rates on net present value shows that lifetime has more influence on net present value. Furthermore, the results show the capability of the multi-objective optimization method in analysing multiple renovation solution.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2019
Series
Springer Proceedings in Energy, ISSN 2352-2534
Keywords
Net present value, Energy renovation measures, Multi-objective optimization
National Category
Environmental Analysis and Construction Information Technology
Research subject
Technology (byts ev till Engineering), Sustainable Built Environment
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-72220 (URN)978-3-030-00661-7 (ISBN)
Conference
Cold Climate HVAC 2018 The 9th International Cold Climate Conference Sustainable new and renovated buildings in cold climates Kiruna – Sweden 12-15, March 2018
Projects
ProWood
Funder
Knowledge Foundation, 20130245
Available from: 2018-04-04 Created: 2018-04-04 Last updated: 2018-09-04Bibliographically approved
Mahapatra, K., Alm, R., Hallgren, R., Bischoff, L., Tuglu, N., Kuai, L., . . . Umoru, I. (2018). A behavioral change-based approach to energy efficiency in a manufacturing plant. Energy Efficiency, 11(5), 1103-1116
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A behavioral change-based approach to energy efficiency in a manufacturing plant
Show others...
2018 (English)In: Energy Efficiency, ISSN 1570-646X, E-ISSN 1570-6478, Vol. 11, no 5, p. 1103-1116Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In the realm of industrial energy efficiencystudies, very little research has been done to understandthe barriers and opportunities to influence behavior ofproduction workers and the corresponding energysavingpotentials. This paper analyzes a case study ofVolvo Construction Equipment AB in Braås, Sweden(VCE Braås), that has reduced its relative idle electricityuse by more than 10 percentage points during 2013–2016 by implementing a strategy of changing everydaybehavior of production workers. The results based oninterviews with actors involved in the energy efficiencyproject showed that a concrete goal, the employment ofa fulltime operational leader who earlier worked as aproduction worker at VCE Braås, and the involvementof both the leadership and employees in project managementwere key to the success of the project.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2018
Keywords
Industry, Energy efficiency, Energy management, Behavior
National Category
Reliability and Maintenance
Research subject
Technology (byts ev till Engineering), Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-70948 (URN)10.1007/s12053-017-9581-9 (DOI)000432748200004 ()
Available from: 2018-02-15 Created: 2018-02-15 Last updated: 2018-07-12Bibliographically approved
Jalilzadehazhari, E. & Johansson, J. (2018). Applying a decision-making framework for resolving conflicts when selecting windows and blinds. Architectural Engineering and Design Management
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Applying a decision-making framework for resolving conflicts when selecting windows and blinds
2018 (English)In: Architectural Engineering and Design Management, ISSN 1745-2007, E-ISSN 1752-7589Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

The selection of the most appropriate window and blind design is a challenging task due to the existence of potential conflicts between visual comfort, thermal comfort, energy consumption and life cycle cost. Resolving these conflicts relies on a trade-off window and blind design. This research applied a decision-making framework to select a trade-off window and blind design for an office room in Sweden. The decision-making framework was developed based on integrating the non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm-II and the analytical hierarchy process. The first step in the application of the framework was to generate a model of the office room using EnergyPlus. Six types of window and four types of blind; an internal venetian blind, an internal roller curtain, an external venetian blind and an external overhang panel, were modelled in EnergyPlus. The second step was to run an optimisation using non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm-II. For this purpose, various window and blind design variables were specified in modeFRONTIER platform. The third and last step in the application of the decision-making framework was to select a trade-off window and blind design using analytical hierarchy process. The results show the strength of the decision-making framework in selecting a trade-off design, and thereby the ability to resolve conflicts through intelligent use of simulation in analyzing big-data in built environment, energy and cost sectors. Since, the computation and processing power for performing simulations is constantly increasing, architects and designers can exploit the decision-making framework and locate a trade-off design in a relatively short period of time.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2018
Keywords
Decision-making, big data, optimisation, non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm II, analytical hierarchy process, trade-off design
National Category
Architectural Engineering
Research subject
Technology (byts ev till Engineering), Sustainable Built Environment
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-79039 (URN)10.1080/17452007.2018.1550383 (DOI)
Projects
ProWood
Funder
Knowledge Foundation, 20130245
Available from: 2018-12-01 Created: 2018-12-01 Last updated: 2018-12-03
Jalilzadehazhari, E., Johansson, P., Johansson, J. & Mahapatra, K. (2018). Developing a decision-making framework for resolving conflicts when selecting windows and blinds. Architectural Engineering and Design Management
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Developing a decision-making framework for resolving conflicts when selecting windows and blinds
2018 (English)In: Architectural Engineering and Design Management, ISSN 1745-2007, E-ISSN 1752-7589Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Windows and blinds play a significant role in both shaping energy consumption and enhancing indoor comfort. But there are still difficulties with selecting windows and blinds due to the existence of potential conflicts between visual comfort, thermal comfort, energy consumption and life cycle cost. A literature review was conducted with the purpose of developing a decision-making framework that resolves the conflicts, and allows selecting a window and blind design based on trade-off between visual comfort, thermal comfort, energy consumption and life cycle cost. The decision-making framework was developed by integrating non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm-II as an optimisation algorithm with analytical hierarchy process as a multi-criteria decision-making method. The optimisation algorithm considers different window and blind design variables and analyses multiple designs, while the multi-criteria decision-making method ranks the optimization results and selects a trade-off design. An operating package enabled the decision-making framework to be automated. The operating package was obtained by coupling EnergyPlus as a simulation tool and modeFRONTIER as an integration platform. The decision-making framework was developed to select a trade-off window and blind design through intelligent use of simulation in analysing big-data in built environment, energy and cost sectors. Application of the framework ensures the minimum visual and thermal comfort thresholds with the lowest energy demand and cost. Architects and designers can use the framework during the design or renovation phase of residential and commercial buildings.

 

Keywords
Trade-off design, big-data, optimization, multi-criteria decision-making, non-dominated genetic algorithm II, framework design, analytical hierarchy process
National Category
Architectural Engineering
Research subject
Technology (byts ev till Engineering), Civil engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-65866 (URN)10.1080/17452007.2018.1537235 (DOI)
Funder
Knowledge Foundation
Available from: 2017-06-27 Created: 2017-06-27 Last updated: 2018-12-03
Mainali, B., Mahapatra, K. & Pardalis, G. (2018). Evaluating market models for deep-energy renovation using SWOT and PEST Analysis. In: 14th Conference on Advanced Building Skins, 28-29 October, 2018, Bern, Switzerland: . Paper presented at 14th Conference on Advanced Building Skins, 28-29 October, 2018, Bern, Switzerland.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Evaluating market models for deep-energy renovation using SWOT and PEST Analysis
2018 (English)In: 14th Conference on Advanced Building Skins, 28-29 October, 2018, Bern, Switzerland, 2018Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Buildings are responsible for 40% of energy consumption and 36% of CO2 emissions in the EU. Sweden and Denmark are cold climatic countries with strong demand for space heating and hot water in the residential sector. Large section of the detached houses in these countries are built more than 30 years ago and need refurbishment. Despite of huge energy saving potentials with deep renovation of these houses, there exists several challenges in realizing those saving potential. This paper evaluates the market for deep renovation of single-family houses in these two Nordic countries using PEST and SWOT analysis. Comparative analysis between two countries will help to understand the common and country specific drivers and barriers and to develop strategic recommendation in accordance.

National Category
Energy Systems
Research subject
Technology (byts ev till Engineering), Sustainable Built Environment
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-78473 (URN)
Conference
14th Conference on Advanced Building Skins, 28-29 October, 2018, Bern, Switzerland
Funder
EU, Horizon 2020, 6811The Kamprad Family Foundation, 6810
Note

Ej belagd 190416

Available from: 2018-10-25 Created: 2018-10-25 Last updated: 2019-04-16Bibliographically approved
Mahapatra, K., Mainali, B. & Pardalis, G. (2018). Homeowners’ attitude towards one-stop-shop business concept for energy renovation of detached houses in Kronoberg, Sweden. In: 10th International Conference on Applied Energy (ICAE2018), 22-25 August 2018, Hong Kong, China: . Paper presented at 10th International Conference on Applied Energy (ICAE2018), 22-25 August 2018, Hong Kong, China.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Homeowners’ attitude towards one-stop-shop business concept for energy renovation of detached houses in Kronoberg, Sweden
2018 (English)In: 10th International Conference on Applied Energy (ICAE2018), 22-25 August 2018, Hong Kong, China, 2018Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Keywords
attitude, one-stop-shop; energy renovation; deep renovation
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary Building Technologies
Research subject
Technology (byts ev till Engineering), Bioenergy Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-78548 (URN)
Conference
10th International Conference on Applied Energy (ICAE2018), 22-25 August 2018, Hong Kong, China
Funder
The Kamprad Family Foundation, 6810
Note

Ej belagd 181211

Available from: 2018-10-30 Created: 2018-10-30 Last updated: 2018-12-11Bibliographically approved
Pardalis, G., Mainali, B. & Mahapatra, K. (2018). One-stop-shop as an innovation, and preparedness to adopt it: A study on house renovation stakeholders in Sweden. In: : . Paper presented at 13th Conference on Advanced Building Skins, 1-2 October, 2018, Bern (pp. 567-569). Bern, Switzerland: Advanced Building Skins GmbH
Open this publication in new window or tab >>One-stop-shop as an innovation, and preparedness to adopt it: A study on house renovation stakeholders in Sweden
2018 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This study examines the views of stakeholders involved in house renovations regarding the one-stop-shopbusiness concept innovation, and assesses their level of preparedness to adopt such a concept in order toenter the promising market of detached house renovations. The investigation is based on 25 interviews withconstruction SMEs owners, real estate agents and loan consultants, and on a conceptual framework fororganizational innovation adoption. The results suggest that for the nonce, none of the examined stakeholdersis likely to adopt a one-stop-shop business model to enter the market of detached house renovations, eventhough this concept is seen as one with great potential. This mostly happens due to their individualcharacteristics, the complexity of one-stop-shop model related to their way of doing business and theuncertainties deriving from the adoption of such a model. Furthermore, the participation of an entrepreneur isproposed, who would coordinate all the different actors involved in the renovation process, and whose rolecan be further examined.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Bern, Switzerland: Advanced Building Skins GmbH, 2018
National Category
Construction Management
Research subject
Technology (byts ev till Engineering), Sustainable Built Environment; Economy, Ledarskap, entreprenörskap och organisation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-80860 (URN)
Conference
13th Conference on Advanced Building Skins, 1-2 October, 2018, Bern
Note

Ej belagd 190314

Available from: 2019-02-27 Created: 2019-02-27 Last updated: 2019-03-14Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-4405-1056

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