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Hommerberg, Charlotte
Publications (10 of 28) Show all publications
Gustafsson, A. W. & Hommerberg, C. (2018). "It is completely ok to give up a little sometimes": Metaphors and normality in Swedish cancer talk. Critical Approaches to Discourse Analysis Across Disciplines (CADAAD), 10(1), 1-16
Open this publication in new window or tab >>"It is completely ok to give up a little sometimes": Metaphors and normality in Swedish cancer talk
2018 (English)In: Critical Approaches to Discourse Analysis Across Disciplines (CADAAD), ISSN 1752-3079, E-ISSN 1752-3079, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 1-16Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The clichéd conceptualization of cancer illness as a battle, which the patient can either win or lose, can be problematic. For patients referred to palliative care, it can cause feelings of guilt and failure. This framing of cancer, here referred to as ‘the battle script’, has been questioned in previous research, and there seems to be awareness among health practitioners that battle metaphors should be avoided.

The aim of this paper is to shed light on this battle script by examining the discursive dynamics of metaphor use in a large corpus of Swedish blogs written by terminally ill patients. The study focuses on two common linguistic metaphors, kämpa [fight/struggle] and ge upp [give up]. These expressions have the potential to actualize the battle script, but do not necessarily do so, due to their ambiguous meanings. By analyzing the contextualized meaning of these two metaphors, we illustrate the normality of the battle script as well as the problem to handle the perceived normativity of the script. We also discuss discursive strategies used by the bloggers to handle the negative implications of the battle script.

Keywords
Cancer discourse, metaphor, palliative care, språk och cancer, metaforer, palliativ vård
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics Nursing
Research subject
Humanities, Linguistics; Health and Caring Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-77067 (URN)
Funder
The Kamprad Family Foundation
Available from: 2018-08-07 Created: 2018-08-07 Last updated: 2018-08-08Bibliographically approved
Hommerberg, C. (2017). Hur vi talar om cancer. Linnéuniversitetet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Hur vi talar om cancer
2017 (Swedish)Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, pages
Linnéuniversitetet, 2017
National Category
Nursing Specific Languages
Research subject
Humanities; Health and Caring Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-74013 (URN)
Funder
The Kamprad Family Foundation
Note

För att göra det ofattbara fattbart används ofta metaforer. Särskilt påtaglig blir metaforernas betydelse i sammanhang där ämnena är starkt personliga, känsliga och tabubelagda.

Forskningsprojektet Metaforer i palliativ cancervård är ett samarbete mellan forskare inom språkvetenskap och vårdvetenskap, finansierat av Familjen Kamprads stiftelse.

Available from: 2018-05-08 Created: 2018-05-08 Last updated: 2018-05-08Bibliographically approved
Hommerberg, C. (2017). Vilken skuld om man inte tillfrisknar: Samhällets kampmetaforik kan framkalla känslor av otillräcklighet. Rädda livet : Cancerfondens tidning (3)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Vilken skuld om man inte tillfrisknar: Samhällets kampmetaforik kan framkalla känslor av otillräcklighet
2017 (Swedish)In: Rädda livet : Cancerfondens tidning, ISSN 0284-1037, no 3Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Riksföreningen mot cancer - Cancerfonden, 2017
National Category
Languages and Literature
Research subject
Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-70593 (URN)
Funder
The Kamprad Family Foundation
Note

Krönika i spalten Andrum.

Available from: 2018-02-08 Created: 2018-02-08 Last updated: 2018-05-08Bibliographically approved
Larsson, S., Mežek, Š. & Hommerberg, C. (2017). Vocabulary profiles of English language learning textbooks. LMS : Lingua (4)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Vocabulary profiles of English language learning textbooks
2017 (English)In: LMS : Lingua, ISSN 0023-6330, no 4, p. 6Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Språklärarnas riksförbund, 2017. p. 6
National Category
Specific Languages Educational Sciences
Research subject
Humanities, English Education
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-73147 (URN)
Available from: 2018-04-21 Created: 2018-04-21 Last updated: 2018-04-24Bibliographically approved
Maricic, I., Pecorari, D. & Hommerberg, C. (2017). Weighing English in the balance: University teachers' perspectives on teaching through a second language. Paper presented at Språk och norm : ASLA:s symposium, Uppsala universitet 21–22 april 2016 [ Language and norms : The ASLA Symposium, Uppsala University 21–22 April 2016 ]. ASLAs skriftserie (26), 78-86
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Weighing English in the balance: University teachers' perspectives on teaching through a second language
2017 (English)In: ASLAs skriftserie, ISSN 1100-5629, no 26, p. 78-86Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

English is increasingly used nowadays as a medium of instruction in tertiary education worldwide, facilitating the outward mobility of home universities' staff and students, as well as the inward recruitment of international faculty and students. However, teaching and learning in a foreign language can be a challenging enterprise, and the implications of the trend toward English-medium instruction (EMI) are to date not fully understood. Based on a large-scale survey, this study aims at unveiling the perceptions and experiences of Swedish university teachers involved in EMI. The respondents express a wide array of views and experiences, grouped under ten thematic areas. The respondents' views are often polarised in that they identify both costs and benefits of teaching in English, while describing a reality where little support is provided to augment the benefits and mitigate the costs. These results indicate a need for enhanced communication with all stakeholder groups, to raise critical awareness about impending costs, as a step toward minimizing potential damages and maximizing the benefits of English in higher education today.

Keywords
English as a medium of instruction, English as a second or foreign language, multilingual higher education, parallel language environment, teacher attitudes
National Category
Specific Languages
Research subject
Humanities, English Education
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-60224 (URN)
Conference
Språk och norm : ASLA:s symposium, Uppsala universitet 21–22 april 2016 [ Language and norms : The ASLA Symposium, Uppsala University 21–22 April 2016 ]
Projects
PROFiLE
Note

ISBN: 978-91-87884-26-9

Available from: 2017-01-25 Created: 2017-01-25 Last updated: 2018-01-22Bibliographically approved
Maricic, I., Pecorari, D. & Hommerberg, C. (2016). Golden opportunity, necessary evil or sword of Damocles?: What teachers say about English-medium instruction. In: ASLA-symposiet 2016: Språk och norm. Paper presented at ASLA-symposiet 2016 : Språk och norm.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Golden opportunity, necessary evil or sword of Damocles?: What teachers say about English-medium instruction
2016 (English)In: ASLA-symposiet 2016: Språk och norm, 2016Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The number of university programmes taught exclusively through the medium of English around the world is rising, and when the partial use of English is taken into account (for example, when the language of instruction is the local language but the textbook is in English), then the role of English in higher education is seen to be pervasive indeed. The increasing use of English has, however, been driven to a great extent by policy, rather than by bottom-up preferences on the part of participants in English-medium settings, making it relevant to ask what their perceptions and understandings of the phenomenon are.

This paper will present the results of a large-scale survey of Swedish university teachers and their views on and experiences of the use of English in higher education. The findings show that teachers identify both positives and negatives, but also describe a situation in which there are only limited attempts to accentuate the former and mitigate the latter.

National Category
Languages and Literature
Research subject
Humanities, English Education
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-57577 (URN)
Conference
ASLA-symposiet 2016 : Språk och norm
Projects
PROFiLE
Funder
Swedish Research Council, VR2013-2373
Available from: 2016-10-24 Created: 2016-10-24 Last updated: 2016-12-16Bibliographically approved
Hommerberg, C. & Gustafsson, A. W. (2016). It is completely ok to not be in the fighting spirit mood all the time: Metaphors and normality in Swedish cancer talk. In: Marco Venuti, Antonio Fruttaldo (Ed.), 6th Critical Approaches to Discourse Analysis Across Disciplines Conference, CADAAD 2016: Book of Abstracts. Paper presented at 6th Critical Approaches to Discourse Analysis Across Disciplines Conference, CADAAD 2016 (pp. 118-119). University of Catania
Open this publication in new window or tab >>It is completely ok to not be in the fighting spirit mood all the time: Metaphors and normality in Swedish cancer talk
2016 (English)In: 6th Critical Approaches to Discourse Analysis Across Disciplines Conference, CADAAD 2016: Book of Abstracts / [ed] Marco Venuti, Antonio Fruttaldo, University of Catania , 2016, p. 118-119Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Communication in palliative cancer care contexts involving health care professionals, patients and relatives takes place in an arena that merges medical expertise, lay understanding, ‘helpers’ and ‘sufferers’. Professional and private discourses co-exist in conversations about medical as well as existential matters. Such communication often draws on metaphors – conscious metaphors aiming to render the ungraspable graspable and unconscious metaphors which are so conventionalized that they are no longer perceived as metaphors.

But incurable cancer diagnoses often entail emotional hypersensitivity and therefore unpredictable responses to language use (Sandgren et al. 2010). While metaphors have the potential to be empowering, they can also give rise to feelings like fear, helplessness and guilt, which is why particular attention has been devoted to the use of violence and battle metaphors in cancer talk (Semino et al. 2015; Hawkins 1999).

The overarching goal of our study Metaphors in palliative cancer care (MEPAC), a Sweden-based three- year interdisciplinary research project involving linguists and health care researchers, is to strengthen the scientific foundation for health care professionals’ understanding and use of metaphors in Swedish palliative cancer care. We investigate the use of metaphors in personal blogs written by patients as well as relatives and in interviews with patients, relatives and health care professionals, carried out within the frames of the Centre for Collaborative Palliative Care, Linnaeus University, Sweden. The project is inspired by the UK-based study Metaphor in end-of-life care (MELC) and combines qualitative metaphor analysis with quantitative analysis using corpus tools adapted for Swedish.

Our presentation highlights the blog data. We focus on how the use of metaphors sheds light on what is perceived as normal when living with incurable cancer and discuss whether the use of metaphorical expressions can be related to the degree of normality that is attributed to the described phenomenon. We also offer examples from our material of possible negotiation of or resistance to such normality.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
University of Catania, 2016
Keywords
death and dying, cancer blog, coping strategies, metaphor
National Category
Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy Specific Languages
Research subject
Humanities, Swedish; Health and Caring Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-59703 (URN)
Conference
6th Critical Approaches to Discourse Analysis Across Disciplines Conference, CADAAD 2016
Note

The project is funded by The Kamprad Family Foundation.

Available from: 2017-01-09 Created: 2017-01-09 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved
Hommerberg, C., Gustafsson, A. W., Benzein, E. & Sandgren, A. (2016). Metaforer i palliativ cancervård. Palliativ vård: tidskriften för palliativ vård i Sverige (4), 36-37
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Metaforer i palliativ cancervård
2016 (Swedish)In: Palliativ vård: tidskriften för palliativ vård i Sverige, ISSN 2001-841X, no 4, p. 36-37Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Abstract [sv]

Metaforer är våra språkliga ”redskap” när vi talar om okända eller känsliga ämnen. Att reflektera över hur dessa används kan ge vårdpersonal ökad förståelse för hur patienter och närstående ser på och hanterar sin situation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Nationella rådet för palliativ vård, 2016
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Health and Caring Sciences, Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-59029 (URN)
Projects
MEPAC
Available from: 2016-12-14 Created: 2016-12-14 Last updated: 2018-05-17Bibliographically approved
Hommerberg, C. & Gustafsson, A. W. (2016). Metaphors in palliative cancer care: A Sweden-based three-year interdisciplinary research project. In: RaAM 11, The 11th onference of the Association for Researching and Applying Metaphor: Metaphor in the Arts, in Media and Communication. July 1-4, 2016, Freie Universität Berlin. Paper presented at The 11th conference of the Association for Researching and Applying Metaphor: Metaphor in the arts, in media and communication (pp. 229-230).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Metaphors in palliative cancer care: A Sweden-based three-year interdisciplinary research project
2016 (English)In: RaAM 11, The 11th onference of the Association for Researching and Applying Metaphor: Metaphor in the Arts, in Media and Communication. July 1-4, 2016, Freie Universität Berlin, 2016, p. 229-230Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Good communication is of utmost importance in all forms of cancer care and especially so in the palliative context, where patients as well as relatives tend to be hypersensitive (Sandgren et al. 2010). To render the ungraspable graspable, met- aphors are frequently used drawing on their capacity to capture the intangible in terms of more familiar experiences. For instance, to die from cancer can be described as coming to the end of a life journey or losing a battle (Semino et al. 2015). The overarching goal of the project Metaphors in palliative cancer care (MEPAC), a Sweden-based three-year interdisciplinary research project involving linguists and health care researchers, is to strengthen the scienti c foundation for health care professionals’ understanding and use of metaphors in Swedish palliative cancer care. The project is inspired by the UK-based study Metaphor in end-of-life care (MELC). Our poster aims to give an overview of the entire project and present a snapshot of some preliminary ndings from a pilot study on blogs written by patients su ering from incurable cancer. Compared to other inter- net-based platforms such as chat rooms or discussion groups, ill-ness blogs are unique forums for self-expression. Personal blogs written by cancer patients have been observed to have the potential to contribute to nursing science’s body of knowledge and hence capability to alleviate the psychosocial burdens associated with cancer diagnosis (Heilferty 2009), which is why blogs were found particular- ly suitable for the current study. Furthermore, the Swedish blog arena stands out in international comparisons, because it is not delimited to young users but hosts a more varied range of writers (Andersson 2012). In addition to the blog data, the project also investigates interviews with patients, relatives and health care profes- sionals carried out within the frames of the Centre for Collaborative Palliative Care at Linnaeus University, Sweden. Our qualitative analysis of the blog data serves as a foundation for subsequent quantitative analyses using corpus tools in collaboration with the SWE-CLARIN initiative.

Keywords
Palliative cancer care, metaphor, death and dying
National Category
Specific Languages Other Health Sciences
Research subject
Humanities, Swedish; Health and Caring Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-59701 (URN)
Conference
The 11th conference of the Association for Researching and Applying Metaphor: Metaphor in the arts, in media and communication
Note

The project is funded by the Kamprad Family Foundation.

Available from: 2017-01-09 Created: 2017-01-09 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved
Hommerberg, C. & Gustafsson, A. W. (2016). Metaphors in palliative cancer care (MEPAC): A Sweden-based three-year interdisciplinary research project. In: Presented at COMET, Communication, Medicine and Ethics Conference, Aalborg, Denmark, 2016: . Paper presented at Communication, Medicine and Ethics Conference, Aalborg, Denmark.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Metaphors in palliative cancer care (MEPAC): A Sweden-based three-year interdisciplinary research project
2016 (English)In: Presented at COMET, Communication, Medicine and Ethics Conference, Aalborg, Denmark, 2016, 2016Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
Keywords
palliative cancer care, metaphor, death and dying
National Category
Other Health Sciences Specific Languages
Research subject
Health and Caring Sciences; Humanities, Swedish
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-59702 (URN)
Conference
Communication, Medicine and Ethics Conference, Aalborg, Denmark
Available from: 2017-01-09 Created: 2017-01-09 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved
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