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Eklöf Amirell, StefanORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-1782-1572
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Publications (10 of 31) Show all publications
Eklöf Amirell, S. (2018). Civilizing Pirates: Nineteenth Century British Ideas about Piracy, Race and Civilization in the Malay Archipelago. HumaNetten (41), 25-45
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Civilizing Pirates: Nineteenth Century British Ideas about Piracy, Race and Civilization in the Malay Archipelago
2018 (English)In: HumaNetten, E-ISSN 1403-2279, no 41, p. 25-45Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article investigates how British officials and observers of the Malay Archipelago in the nineteenth century explained the prevalence of piracy in the region, particularly in terms of race and civilization. The writings by, among others, Thomas Stamford Raffles, John Crawfurd, James Brooke and Peter Benson Maxwell on contemporary Malay piracy are analysed. Whereas there was broad agreement among these observers that the alleged lack of civilization on the part of the Malays was a major reason for the prevalence of piracy in the region, there was considerable disagreement about the Malays’ capacity for civilizational progress and improvement. The degree to which the Malays were deemed capable of civilization in turn influenced the policies and measures implemented by the British to suppress piracy, ranging from the promotion of free trade to the wholesale extermination of entire villages and communities of suspected pirates. Criticism from humanitarians and liberals in London against the brutality of the latter tactics, however, led to a more restrained British deployment of violence in the Malay Archipelago from the middle of the nineteenth century.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Växjö: Linnéuniversitetet, 2018
Keywords
Piracy, Southeast Asia, Malay Archipelago, Great Britain, Race, Civilization, Colonialism, Violence
National Category
History
Research subject
Humanities, History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-79458 (URN)10.15626/hn.20184102 (DOI)
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond
Available from: 2019-01-14 Created: 2019-01-14 Last updated: 2019-07-08Bibliographically approved
Eklöf Amirell, S. (2018). Därför ifrågasätts hjältebilden av upptäckaren James Cook. Dagens Nyheter (2018-07-11)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Därför ifrågasätts hjältebilden av upptäckaren James Cook
2018 (Swedish)In: Dagens Nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447, no 2018-07-11Article in journal, News item (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: AB Dagens nyheter, 2018
National Category
History
Research subject
Humanities, History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-79455 (URN)
Available from: 2019-01-14 Created: 2019-01-14 Last updated: 2019-01-30Bibliographically approved
Eklöf Amirell, S. (2018). Regenter runt Indiska oceanen. Historiskan (4), 60-65
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Regenter runt Indiska oceanen
2018 (Swedish)In: Historiskan, ISSN 2002-150X, no 4, p. 60-65Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Malmö: Systerskapet AB, 2018
National Category
History
Research subject
Humanities, History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-79457 (URN)
Available from: 2019-01-14 Created: 2019-01-14 Last updated: 2019-03-28Bibliographically approved
Eklöf Amirell, S. (2018). Svartvit svensk debatt om "Den svarte mannens börda": Bokrecension. Dagens Nyheter (2018-10-25)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Svartvit svensk debatt om "Den svarte mannens börda": Bokrecension
2018 (Swedish)In: Dagens Nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447, no 2018-10-25Article in journal, News item (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: AB Dagens nyheter, 2018
National Category
History
Research subject
Humanities, History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-79456 (URN)
Available from: 2019-01-14 Created: 2019-01-14 Last updated: 2019-01-30Bibliographically approved
Eklöf Amirell, S. (2017). När kyrkan manade till blodbad och heligt krig. Svenska Dagbladet (2017-04-19)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>När kyrkan manade till blodbad och heligt krig
2017 (Swedish)In: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, no 2017-04-19Article in journal, News item (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
National Category
History
Research subject
Humanities, History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-63746 (URN)
Available from: 2017-05-10 Created: 2017-05-10 Last updated: 2017-06-14Bibliographically approved
Eklöf Amirell, S. (2017). Pirates and pearls: Jikiri and the challenge to maritime security and American sovereignty in the Sulu Archipelago, 1907–1909. International Journal of Maritime History, 29(1), 44-67
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Pirates and pearls: Jikiri and the challenge to maritime security and American sovereignty in the Sulu Archipelago, 1907–1909
2017 (English)In: International Journal of Maritime History, ISSN 0843-8714, E-ISSN 2052-7756, Vol. 29, no 1, p. 44-67Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In 1908–1909, maritime commerce, fishing and traffic in the Sulu Archipelago in the southern Philippines almost came to a standstill due to a surge in piracy and coastal raids that challenged US colonial rule in the area. The leader of the outlaws was a renegade subject of the Sultan of Sulu, a Samal named Jikiri. Together with his followers, Jikiri was responsible for the murders of at least 40 people in numerous raids on small trading vessels, pearl fishers, coastal settlements and towns throughout the archipelago. In spite of the concerted efforts of the US Army, the Philippine Constabulary and private bounty hunters, Jikiri was able to avoid defeat for more than one and half years, before he was eventually killed in July 1909. His decision to take to piracy was triggered by the failure of the US authorities to pay compensation for the loss of the traditional claims that many families in the Sulu Archipelago had to the pearl beds of the region, as stipulated by a law on pearl fishing adopted in 1904. The law was in several respects disadvantageous to the native population of Sulu and this – together with the high-handed behaviour of the local officers in charge of the Sulu district from 1906 – fuelled widespread discontent with colonial rule and led several of the leading headmen of Sulu covertly to sympathize with, and protect, Jikiri and his followers. This sponsorship combined with the general reluctance of the population to cooperate with the US military explains why Jikiri was able to defy the vastly superior US forces for so long. American officers at the time tended to attribute the depredations to the allegedly piratical nature of the Sulus, but this article argues that the so-called 'decay theory', first proposed by Raffles a century earlier, is a more appropriate explanation of this surge in piracy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2017
Keywords
Piracy, Maritime History, Philippine History, United States Colonial History
National Category
History
Research subject
Humanities, History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-63744 (URN)10.1177/0843871416678170 (DOI)000394953200004 ()
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, P12-1392:1
Available from: 2017-05-10 Created: 2017-05-10 Last updated: 2018-04-04Bibliographically approved
Eklöf Amirell, S. (2017). Ruptures, empires, revolutions: Femte ENIUGH-konferensen, Budapest, 31 augusti – 3 september 2017. Historisk Tidskrift (S), 137(4), 749-751
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ruptures, empires, revolutions: Femte ENIUGH-konferensen, Budapest, 31 augusti – 3 september 2017
2017 (Swedish)In: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, Vol. 137, no 4, p. 749-751Article in journal, Editorial material (Other academic) Published
National Category
History
Research subject
Humanities, History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-69092 (URN)000418623500021 ()
Available from: 2017-12-05 Created: 2017-12-05 Last updated: 2018-01-16Bibliographically approved
Amirell, S. (2017). Trump väcker Jacksons spöke till liv. Svenska dagbladet (2017-02-23)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Trump väcker Jacksons spöke till liv
2017 (Swedish)In: Svenska dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, no 2017-02-23Article in journal, News item (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
National Category
History
Research subject
Humanities, History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-63745 (URN)
Available from: 2017-05-10 Created: 2017-05-10 Last updated: 2017-06-14Bibliographically approved
Eklöf Amirell, S. (2016). Global maritime security studies: The rise of a geopolitical area of policy and research. Security Journal, 29(2), 276-289
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Global maritime security studies: The rise of a geopolitical area of policy and research
2016 (English)In: Security Journal, ISSN 0955-1662, E-ISSN 1743-4645, Vol. 29, no 2, p. 276-289Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Global maritime security has been a subject of analysis and debate in the West since the onset of the European expansion. This article distinguishes four main periods with regard to the doctrines and practices of global maritime security since c. 1450, during which the role of the state in relation to private actors has shifted. As a concept of global policy making, however, maritime security only emerged with the increasing importance of non-traditional security issues in the maritime sphere from around 1990. Maritime security studies has emerged in close connection with these developments, but in order to achieve intellectual excellence as a field of study, maritime security studies needs to distance itself from policy makers and industrial interests and develop an interdisciplinary research agenda based on in-depth studies of a broad range of traditional and non-traditional maritime security issues.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2016
Keywords
maritime security, history of security studies, sea power, piracy, European expansion
National Category
History and Archaeology
Research subject
Humanities, History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-60878 (URN)10.1057/sj.2013.26 (DOI)
Available from: 2017-02-23 Created: 2017-02-23 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved
Eklöf Amirell, S. (2016). Monstren speglar vår egen förträfflighet. Svenska dagbladet (2016-11-01)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Monstren speglar vår egen förträfflighet
2016 (Swedish)In: Svenska dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, no 2016-11-01Article in journal, News item (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
National Category
History and Archaeology
Research subject
Humanities, History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-60879 (URN)
Note

First published October 31, 2016

Available from: 2017-02-23 Created: 2017-02-23 Last updated: 2017-03-01Bibliographically approved
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ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-1782-1572

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