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Thulin, J., Kjellgren, C. & Nilsson, D. (2019). Children's disclosure of physical abuse – the process of disclosing and the responses from social welfare workers. Child care in practice
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Children's disclosure of physical abuse – the process of disclosing and the responses from social welfare workers
2019 (English)In: Child care in practice, ISSN 1357-5279Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Children experiencing physical abuse by their parents are left with several difficult decisions. The present study aims at exploring the process of disclosing the abuse and the responses from social welfare workers from a child perspective, in a Swedish context. Data was obtained from in depth interviews with 15 children with a history of child physical abuse. A qualitative content analysis was conducted in order to capture the children's experiences. Disclosing abuse was described as a process including several judgements from the child. Children describe their everyday life before disclosing, with an escalation of violence making them think they have to act in order to prevent further abuse. They made several well-thought decisions and selected a trustworthy recipient. The decision to disclose was often made out of fear, but the fear could remain after the disclosure, not knowing what will happen next. Children seem to lose control over how their abuse narratives are handled after disclosing. The recipient and social welfare worker was acting but not informing or consulting the child. Children emphasize the importance of trustworthy and competent adults when disclosing physical abuse. Ethical issues and implications for practice are discussed.

Practitioner messages

  • Disclosure is to be seen as a process, including several judgements by the child.

  • Children emphasize the importance of trustworthy and competent adults when choosing to disclose physical abuse.

  • Social welfare workers should inform and include children in their decision making.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2019
Keywords
Child physical abuse, disclosure, participation, child welfare service
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Social Sciences, Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-82395 (URN)10.1080/13575279.2018.1555139 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-05-02 Created: 2019-05-02 Last updated: 2019-06-12
Thulin, J., Kjellgren, C. & Nilsson, D. (2019). Children's experiences with an intervention aimed to prevent further physical abuse. Child & Family Social Work, 24(1), 17-24
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Children's experiences with an intervention aimed to prevent further physical abuse
2019 (English)In: Child & Family Social Work, ISSN 1356-7500, E-ISSN 1365-2206, Vol. 24, no 1, p. 17-24Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Although many children across cultures are victims of physical abuse, few treatment models target these children and their parents. In Sweden, Combined Parent-Child Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for families at risk for child physical abuse has been successfully used according topretreatment and posttreatment studies. However, few studies have explored how physically abused children experience treatment. This study includes 20 physically abused children aged 9-17 who completed Combined Parent-Child Cognitive Behavioural Therapy. Children had a positive overall impression of the treatment and highlighted addressing the abuse, as well as processing their experiences as particularly essential. Children described a positive transformation in their family life as a result of treatment, including violence cessation and bonding among family members. Children experienced the intervention as inclusive and child-friendly. The implications of the promising findings are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell, 2019
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Social Sciences, Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-79134 (URN)10.1111/cfs.12476 (DOI)000455514400003 ()2-s2.0-85047638384 (Scopus ID)
Funder
The Swedish Crime Victim Compensation and Support Authority, 08614/2012
Available from: 2018-12-09 Created: 2018-12-09 Last updated: 2019-08-29Bibliographically approved
Kjellgren, C. (2019). Outcomes for Treatment of Hypersexual Behavior Provided by Specialized Social Welfare Units. Research on social work practice, 29(1), 103-112
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Outcomes for Treatment of Hypersexual Behavior Provided by Specialized Social Welfare Units
2019 (English)In: Research on social work practice, ISSN 1049-7315, E-ISSN 1552-7581, Vol. 29, no 1, p. 103-112Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: This study explores outcomes of treatment provided by specialized units within the social welfare sector in Sweden to clients seeking help with hypersexual behavior.  Method: The participants were 27 males and 1 female (M . 40.3 years) who sought help from one of the three specialized units within social welfare in Sweden. A pretest–posttest group design was used to assess changes after treatment. Quantitative data were collected through interviews and self-report forms.  Results: At posttreatment stage (on average a 10-month follow-up), mental health was significantly improved and hypersexual behavior reportedly reduced. The treatment at the specialized units appeared to help the clients.  Conclusions: The specialized units seemed to deliver favorable service without shaming and stigmatizing participants. As this study can be considered a pilot study, it needs to be replicated.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2019
Keywords
hypersexual behavior, sexual addiction, social work, specialized treatment, follow-up
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Social Sciences, Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-71073 (URN)10.1177/1049731518757030 (DOI)000453546400010 ()2-s2.0-85042556034 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-02-26 Created: 2018-02-26 Last updated: 2019-08-28Bibliographically approved
Thulin, J., Nilsson, D., Svedin, C. G. & Kjellgren, C. (2019). Outcomes of CPC-CBT in Sweden Concerning Psychosocial Well-Being and Parenting Practice: Children’s Perspectives. Research on social work practice
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Outcomes of CPC-CBT in Sweden Concerning Psychosocial Well-Being and Parenting Practice: Children’s Perspectives
2019 (English)In: Research on social work practice, ISSN 1049-7315, E-ISSN 1552-7581Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

This study explores the outcome of the intervention combined parent child–cognitive behavioral therapy (CPC-CBT) for physically abused children. This study includes a clinical sample of children (n = 62) referred to Child Welfare Service due to reports of child physical abuse who completed CPC-CBT. A pretest/posttest design was applied to assess changes on the Trauma Symptom Checklist for Children (TSCC) after treatment and was compared with normative values. In addition, the occurrence of corporal punishment from pre to posttest was explored.

Children reported a significant decrease in parental use of corporal punishment after treatment and a significant reduction in symptoms associated with trauma (decreased to normal values for TSCC). The positive changes remained at the 6-month follow-up.

The CPC-CBT intervention seemed to decrease parental use of corporal punishment and increase the well-being of children. Clinical implications are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2019
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Social Sciences, Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-82030 (URN)10.1177/1049731519843352 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-04-18 Created: 2019-04-18 Last updated: 2019-05-06
Kjellgren, C. (2019). Perspectives of young adult males who displayed harmful sexual behaviour during adolescence on motive and treatment. Journal of Sexual Aggression, 25(2), 116-130
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Perspectives of young adult males who displayed harmful sexual behaviour during adolescence on motive and treatment
2019 (English)In: Journal of Sexual Aggression, ISSN 1355-2600, E-ISSN 1742-6545, Vol. 25, no 2, p. 116-130Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Few studies have examined the subjective experiences of young people following interventions for sexually abusive behaviour. To learn more about how this population experienced these interventions and how these interventions, affect their adult life, 22 adult males (m = 22 years) who were assessed as teenagers (m = 15 years) for sexually abusing children or peers were interviewed, on average six years after the assessment of their offence. Three main themes were identified: something sexual happened (recalling memories of the sexual acts and motives of the behaviour), societal actions (interventions offered), and life has been affected (memories and feelings associated with the abuse still being present). Seven respondents (32%), who all had a cognitive disability, had sexually reoffended by follow-up. If the respondents received interventions that focused on their abusive behaviour, they were likely to find the interventions helpful. Interventions that did not address abusive behaviour, were perceived as less helpful for dealing with their behaviour, and the short- and long-term consequences associated with this behaviour. Respondents reported feelings of sadness and guilt associated with their sexually abusive behaviour and these feelings remained into adulthood. These findings suggest that interventions for this population need to address the individual needs of the adolescent as well as sexual behaviour problems. In addition, interventions should include opportunities for follow-up.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2019
Keywords
Adolescents, Sexually abusive behaviour, Follow-up, Young adults, Interventions, Cognitive disabilities
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Social Sciences, Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-81132 (URN)10.1080/13552600.2018.1563647 (DOI)000468766500004 ()2-s2.0-85060156249 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-03-17 Created: 2019-03-17 Last updated: 2019-08-29Bibliographically approved
Skillmark, M., Agevall Gross, L., Kjellgren, C. & Denvall, V. (2019). The pursuit of standardization in domestic violence social work: A multiple case study of how the idea of using risk assessment tools is manifested and processed in the Swedish social services. Qualitative Social Work, 18(3), 458-474
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The pursuit of standardization in domestic violence social work: A multiple case study of how the idea of using risk assessment tools is manifested and processed in the Swedish social services
2019 (English)In: Qualitative Social Work, ISSN 1473-3250, E-ISSN 1741-3117, Vol. 18, no 3, p. 458-474Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This multiple case study examines how the idea of using risk assessment tools is manifested and processed in Swedish social services. Based on the analysis of interviews with different stakeholders and of organizational documents in two social service organizations, we investigate the actors who control local risk assessment practices. The findings illustrate that a relatively small group of social workers in the organizations have been able to forward their claims and decide how risk assessment work should be carried out without much intrusion from local managers or politicians. The findings also validate other studies that found that increased standardization can strengthen social workers’ ability to perform their professional task rather than lead to de-professionalization. This article ends with a discussion of what risk assessment practices might mean for domestic violence victims.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2019
Keywords
Domestic violence, risk, social work practice, risk assessment, jurisdiction, control
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Social Sciences, Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-68602 (URN)10.1177/1473325017739461 (DOI)000469827500009 ()2-s2.0-85067176969 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-11-03 Created: 2017-11-03 Last updated: 2019-08-29Bibliographically approved
Thulin, J., Nilsson, D. & Kjellgren, C. (2018). Youth Reports of Parental Strategies and Sense of Coherence: Are Experiences of Being Victim of Physical Abuse Reflected?. Young - Nordic Journal of Youth Research
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Youth Reports of Parental Strategies and Sense of Coherence: Are Experiences of Being Victim of Physical Abuse Reflected?
2018 (English)In: Young - Nordic Journal of Youth Research, ISSN 1103-3088, E-ISSN 1741-3222Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

This article explores adolescent’s reports of parental strategies and sense of coherence (SOC). Building on the suggested impact of child physical abuse, this study compares reports from a group of physically abused youth and a group of non-abused youth. Independent t-test, correlations and hierarchical linear regression analysis were computed. Findings indicate that parents’ use of corporal punishment could affect how youth report their parent’s parental strategies. Physically abused youth report less parental involvement and positive parenting as well as more inconsistent parenting than non-abused youth. Furthermore, physically abused youth report a significant lower SOC than non-abused youth. Being a victim of physical abuse had a unique contribution on SOC, even after controlling for other parental strategies. Taken together, the results suggest that child physical abuse affects both the youth’s inner SOC as well as their reports of parental strategies in several ways. Implications for practice are discussed in this article.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2018
Keywords
Child physical abuse, parental strategies, sense of coherence, Alabama Parenting Questionnaire (APQ), comparison
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Social Sciences, Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-79136 (URN)10.1177/1103308818801724 (DOI)
Available from: 2018-12-09 Created: 2018-12-09 Last updated: 2019-05-06
Kjellgren, C., Nilsson, D. & Thulin, J. (2017). Implementering av en strukturerad behandlingsmodell vid barnmisshandel  – ett tioårsperspektiv. Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, 94(4), 457-466, 476
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Implementering av en strukturerad behandlingsmodell vid barnmisshandel  – ett tioårsperspektiv
2017 (Swedish)In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 94, no 4, p. 457-466, 476Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [sv]

För tio år sedan introducerades en evidensbaserad behandlingsmodell vid barnmisshandel i Sverige och en omfattande implementeringsprocess inleddes. Behandlingsmodellen KIBB (CPC-CBT, Combined Parent Child-Cognitive Behavioral Therapy) introducerades som ett bottom-up initiativ från socialt arbete. Implementeringen kan beskrivas utifrån faserna behovsinventering, installation av metoden, metoden börjar användas och vidmakthållande av metoden. Fyra team utbildades inledningsvis och lovande resultat av behandlingen identifierades i en pilotstudie. Fortsatt implementering pågår och ytterligare ett hundratal behandlare har utbildats i metoden. Mer än tusen familjer har hittills fått del av behandlingen. I pågående studier undersöks behandlingseffekter och barns upplevelser av behandlingsinterventionen. Erfarenheter från implementeringsprocessen liksom remitterande socialsekreterares uppfattningar om behandlingsprogrammet presenteras i artikeln. Erfarenheterna från tio års implementering diskuteras, där såväl hinder som framgångsfaktorer i implementeringsprocessen identifierats.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stiftelsen Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, 2017
Keywords
barnmisshandel, familjebehandling, KIBB, implementeringsfaser, bottom-up, professionell expertis
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Social Sciences, Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-71074 (URN)
Available from: 2018-02-26 Created: 2018-02-26 Last updated: 2019-09-09Bibliographically approved
Thulin, J. & Kjellgren, C. (2017). Treatment in Barnahus: Implementing Combined Treatment for Children and Parents in Physical Abuse Cases.. In: Johansson S., Stefansen K., Bakketeig E., Kaldal A. (Ed.), Collaborating Against Child Abuse: Exploring the Nordic Barnahus Model (pp. 75-94). Cham: Palgrave Macmillan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Treatment in Barnahus: Implementing Combined Treatment for Children and Parents in Physical Abuse Cases.
2017 (English)In: Collaborating Against Child Abuse: Exploring the Nordic Barnahus Model / [ed] Johansson S., Stefansen K., Bakketeig E., Kaldal A., Cham: Palgrave Macmillan , 2017, p. 75-94Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This chapter addresses the psychological treatment for children who have experienced parental physical abuse, as reported to child welfare services. For children, physical abuse can increase the risk of both internal and external behavioural problems. Since abused children often continue to live with their parents‚ it is important to offer interventions to prevent further abuse and to improve the child´s well-being. In this chapter‚ we describe a specialised intervention, Combined Parent – Child Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CPC-CBT), for families at risk for child physical abuse, which has been implemented in several Swedish Barnahus over the last 9 years. We report the results from an ongoing research study into the effects of the intervention on the risk of victimisation, parenting strategies and child well-being. The results suggest that Barnahus is a suitable context for providing support for families and that CPC-CBT is an effective intervention.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017
Keywords
Child abuse, Intervention, CPC-CBT, Barnahus
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Social Sciences, Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-68399 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-58388-4_4 (DOI)2-s2.0-85042801116 (Scopus ID)978-3-319-58388-4 (ISBN)978-3-319-58387-7 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-10-19 Created: 2017-10-19 Last updated: 2019-08-29Bibliographically approved
Svedin, C. G. & Kjellgren, C. (2015). Barnmisshandel och sexuella övergrepp på barn (3ed.). In: Christopher Gillberg, Maria Råstam, Elisabeth Fernell (Ed.), Barn- och ungdomspsykiatri: (pp. 376-395). Stockholm: Natur och kultur
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Barnmisshandel och sexuella övergrepp på barn
2015 (Swedish)In: Barn- och ungdomspsykiatri / [ed] Christopher Gillberg, Maria Råstam, Elisabeth Fernell, Stockholm: Natur och kultur, 2015, 3, p. 376-395Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Natur och kultur, 2015 Edition: 3
National Category
Psychiatry
Research subject
Social Sciences, Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-50221 (URN)978-91-27-13141-5 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-03-05 Created: 2016-03-05 Last updated: 2018-05-17Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-4416-1223

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