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Augustsson, A., Uddh Söderberg, T., Filipsson, M., Helmfrid, I., Berglund, M., Karlsson, H., . . . Alriksson, S. (2018). Challenges in assessing the health risks of consuming vegetables in metal-contaminated environments. Environment International, 113, 269-280
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Challenges in assessing the health risks of consuming vegetables in metal-contaminated environments
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2018 (English)In: Environment International, ISSN 0160-4120, E-ISSN 1873-6750, Vol. 113, p. 269-280Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A great deal of research has been devoted to the characterization of metal exposure due to the consumption of vegetables from urban or industrialized areas. It may seem comforting that concentrations in crops, as well as estimated exposure levels, are often found to be below permissible limits. However, we show that even a moderate increase in metal accumulation in crops may result in a significant increase in exposure. We also highlight the importance of assessing exposure levels in relation to a regional baseline. We have analyzed metal (Pb, Cd, As) concentrations in nearly 700 samples from 23 different vegetables, fruits, berries and mushrooms, collected near 21 highly contaminated industrial sites and from reference sites. Metal concentrations generally complied with permissible levels in commercial food and only Pb showed overall higher concentrations around the contaminated sites. Nevertheless, probabilistic exposure assessments revealed that the exposure to all three metals was significantly higher in the population residing around the contaminated sites, for both low-, medianand high consumers. The exposure was about twice as high for Pb and Cd, and four to six times as high for As. Since vegetable consumption alone did not result in exposure above tolerable intakes, it would have been easy to conclude that there is no risk associated with consuming vegetables grown near the contaminated sites. However, when the increase in exposure is quantified, its potential significance is harder to dismiss - especially when considering that exposure via other routes may be elevated in a similar way.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
Keywords
Contaminated sites, Arsenic, Cadmium, Lead, Exposure, Vegetable
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Natural Science, Environmental Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-73124 (URN)10.1016/j.envint.2017.10.002 (DOI)000428976700030 ()29157867 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85034022603 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-04-20 Created: 2018-04-20 Last updated: 2019-08-29Bibliographically approved
Foghagen, C. & Alriksson, S. (2018). Mitigating water shortage impacts: water consump­tion and sectoral adaptations among tourism and farming enterprises in Öland, South East Sweden. In: Tourism implications and dilemmas, 24-26 September 2018: book of abstract. Paper presented at 27th Nordic Symposium on Tourism and Hospitality Research, Alta, Norway, September 24-26, 2018 (pp. 126-126).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mitigating water shortage impacts: water consump­tion and sectoral adaptations among tourism and farming enterprises in Öland, South East Sweden
2018 (English)In: Tourism implications and dilemmas, 24-26 September 2018: book of abstract, 2018, p. 126-126Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Tourism development has, for many areas, become an important means to mitigate impacts from rural restructuring and out migration. At the same time, tourism is an additional stress factor on local infrastructures, environments and water resources. The peak season for both farming and coastal tourism often coincide with the dry summer season. As a result, since both farming and tourism have a high demand for freshwater consumption, water scarcity and related issues has become an increasingly pressing matter (Gössling 2001; Gössling Et al, 2012; Cole 2014). This is especially evident for many coastal and island destinations where freshwater demand and water consumption accelerate. The increasing demand is in part a result of increasing volumes of incoming tourists, cattle livestock changes as well as the 20th century wetland reductions to feed the need of larger areas of farmland. The capacity to cope with low amounts of precipitation for periods of continuous years becomes increasingly challenging. This paper examines the awareness of water scarcity among tourism and farming businesses in Öland and Gotland, as well as measures taken to mitigate of impacts and freshwater use. Focus group interviews as well as surveys have been conducted among tourism and farming businesses and stakeholders in Öland and Gotland. The results show significant differences between tourism- and farming stakeholders regarding perception of causes and effects of water scarcity. Variation in responses is also seen in water management issues as well as matters of responsibility and solutions. There is also a difference between tourism- and farming businesses regarding mitigation and the actions and measures taken to secure freshwater their access or reduce freshwater abstraction.

Keywords
water consumption, tourism and farming, Öland
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Natural Science, Environmental Science; Natural Science, Environmental Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-78066 (URN)
Conference
27th Nordic Symposium on Tourism and Hospitality Research, Alta, Norway, September 24-26, 2018
Available from: 2018-09-28 Created: 2018-09-28 Last updated: 2019-02-26Bibliographically approved
Augustsson, A., Uddh Söderberg, T., Alriksson, S., Helmfrid, I., Berglund, M., Karlsson, H. & Filipsson, M. (2017). Challenges in assessing metal exposure around contaminated sites: the example of local vegetable consumption in the Swedish glassworks district. In: 26th SRA-E annual conference (SRA-E Lisbon 2017): Lisbon, Portugal, June 19-21, 2017. Paper presented at Annual conference of SRA-E (Society for Risk analysis – Europe), Lisbon, 19-21 June.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Challenges in assessing metal exposure around contaminated sites: the example of local vegetable consumption in the Swedish glassworks district
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2017 (English)In: 26th SRA-E annual conference (SRA-E Lisbon 2017): Lisbon, Portugal, June 19-21, 2017, 2017Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Occupational Health and Environmental Health
Research subject
Natural Science, Medicine
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-66022 (URN)
Conference
Annual conference of SRA-E (Society for Risk analysis – Europe), Lisbon, 19-21 June
Available from: 2017-07-01 Created: 2017-07-01 Last updated: 2018-05-18Bibliographically approved
Filipsson, M., Karlsson, A., Alriksson, S. & Augustsson, A. (2017). Consumption of home-produced foods in south eastern Sweden: new data for use in exposure assessments. In: 26th SRA-E annual conference (SRA-E Lisbon 2017): Lisbon, Portugal, June 19-21, 2017. Paper presented at Annual conference of SRA-E (Society for Risk analysis – Europe), Lisbon, 19-21 June.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Consumption of home-produced foods in south eastern Sweden: new data for use in exposure assessments
2017 (English)In: 26th SRA-E annual conference (SRA-E Lisbon 2017): Lisbon, Portugal, June 19-21, 2017, 2017Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
National Category
Occupational Health and Environmental Health
Research subject
Natural Science, Medicine
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-66025 (URN)
Conference
Annual conference of SRA-E (Society for Risk analysis – Europe), Lisbon, 19-21 June
Available from: 2017-07-01 Created: 2017-07-01 Last updated: 2018-05-16Bibliographically approved
Alriksson, S., Voxberg, E., Filipsson, M. & Augustsson, A. (2017). Historical exposure to heavy metals in air. In: 26th SRA-E annual conference (SRA-E Lisbon 2017): Lisbon, Portugal, June 19-21, 2017. Paper presented at Annual conference of SRA-E (Society for Risk analysis – Europe), Lisbon, 19-21 June.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Historical exposure to heavy metals in air
2017 (English)In: 26th SRA-E annual conference (SRA-E Lisbon 2017): Lisbon, Portugal, June 19-21, 2017, 2017Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
National Category
Occupational Health and Environmental Health
Research subject
Natural Science, Medicine
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-66024 (URN)
Conference
Annual conference of SRA-E (Society for Risk analysis – Europe), Lisbon, 19-21 June
Available from: 2017-07-01 Created: 2017-07-01 Last updated: 2018-05-16Bibliographically approved
Stoeva, K. & Alriksson, S. (2017). Influence of recycling programmes on waste separation behaviour. Waste Management, 68, 732-741
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Influence of recycling programmes on waste separation behaviour
2017 (English)In: Waste Management, ISSN 0956-053X, E-ISSN 1879-2456, Vol. 68, p. 732-741Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

To achieve high rates of waste reuse and recycling, waste separation in households is essential. This study aimed to reveal how recycling programmes in Sweden and Bulgaria influenced inhabitants' participation in separation of household waste. The waste separation behaviour of 111 university students from Kalmar, Sweden and 112 students from Plovdiv, Bulgaria was studied using the Theory of Planned Behaviour framework. The results showed that a lack of proper conditions for waste separation can prevent individuals from participating in this process, regardless of their positive attitudes. When respondents were satisfied with the local conditions for waste separation their behaviour instead depended on their personal attitudes towards waste separation and recycling. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Pergamon Press, 2017
Keywords
Theory of Planned Behaviour, Waste management, Recycling programme, Waste separation behaviour, Recycling
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Natural Science, Environmental Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-68792 (URN)10.1016/j.wasman.2017.06.005 (DOI)000413126300073 ()28619237 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85020677671 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-11-16 Created: 2017-11-16 Last updated: 2019-08-29Bibliographically approved
Alriksson, S. & Filipsson, M. (2017). Risk perception and worry in environmental decision-making - a case study within the Swedish steel industry. Journal of Risk Research, 20(9), 1173-1194
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Risk perception and worry in environmental decision-making - a case study within the Swedish steel industry
2017 (English)In: Journal of Risk Research, ISSN 1366-9877, E-ISSN 1466-4461, Vol. 20, no 9, p. 1173-1194Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Sustainable development is an important issue for the industry in order to fulfil legislation requirements and to be able to use green marketing as a competitive advantage. The Swedish steel industry has implemented a large number of environmental improvements, for example, within energy efficiency, raw materials and recyclability. Technical improvements can help the industry decrease its environmental impact; however, in order to reach sustainable development, more factors need to be considered: an effective environmental decision-making process, for example. This process may be influenced by personal factors such as risk perception and worry, which are factors that will not contribute to an effective decision-making process. The aim of this study was to investigate if personal worry and risk perception influenced environmental decision-making within the Swedish steel industry. Thirty-eight interviews were performed at 10 Swedish steelworks using the Q-methodology. The major perceived environmental risks with the facility and personal worry were assessed, compared to the day-to-day work. It was concluded that the major perceived risks were emissions of carbon dioxide, use of non-renewable energy and emissions of particulate matter. The decision-makers were mainly worried about emissions of carbon dioxide, emissions of dioxin and use of non-renewable energy. The environmental issues that were prioritised in practice (day-to-day work) were emissions of carbon dioxide, emissions of particulate matter and emissions of metals. Even though emissions of carbon dioxide were given the highest priority in the Q-sorts, there was in general no clear relationship between risk perception and personal worry with the prioritised environmental issues at the steelworks. The quantitative analysis of the Q-sorts and the qualitative interviews both showed that the day-to-day work was unaffected by personal worry and risk.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2017
Keywords
Decision-maker, Q-methodology, Risk perception, Steelwork, Worry
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Natural Science, Environmental Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-28705 (URN)10.1080/13669877.2016.1153498 (DOI)000407463100005 ()2-s2.0-84961209817 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Stålkretsloppet
Funder
Mistra - The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research
Available from: 2013-09-05 Created: 2013-09-05 Last updated: 2019-08-29Bibliographically approved
Alriksson, S. (2015). Attitudes towards the transition from traditional product design to ecodesign. In: Risk, Uncertainty and Transition: . Paper presented at 2015 ESA RN22 Mid-Term Conference: “Risk, Uncertainty and Transition”. 8-10 April 2015, Stuttgart..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Attitudes towards the transition from traditional product design to ecodesign
2015 (English)In: Risk, Uncertainty and Transition, 2015Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Many efforts have been made to increase the use of ecodesign in product design projects. Still, ecodesign methods are not applied as often as wanted from sustainability perspectives. New methods and procedures are often considered a risk by the individuals that are meant to use and implement the new methods.  Organisational complexity, lack of cooperation, lack of tools, lack of internal communication and lack of management commitment are documented barriers to the use of ecodesign and explain some of the reasons why ecodesign is not used as widely as expected. The perception of the employees and the behavioural barriers they perceive are less studied and there is a need to correlate the perception of the individual to the identified barriers.

This study aimed to identify what factors that inhibited the ecodesign behaviour of the employees by applying the theory of planned behaviour.  Nine persons involved in the design process from two companies were included in the study. Q-methodology combined with semi-structured interviews was applied. The statements in the Q-sort were constructed from the theory of planned behaviour so that intention, personal norm, attitude, habits, subjective norm and perceived control each had a set of statements.

The results showed that the participants were positive in their attitude towards ecodesign. They also had strong personal norms and showed intention to use ecodesign in their work. On the lower side, former habits were not a strong driving force; neither was subjective norm or perceived control. The results indicate that the employees were positive and intended to use ecodesign while they did not find the management commitment and current ecodesign tools and procedures sufficient.

Four discourses were identified; those who were positive towards ecodesign but not inclined to change their current behaviour, those who felt pressure from others to perform ecodesign, those who wanted to take small steps by starting to change internal procedures before talking to the customer and finally those who did not believe there was any chance of success with ecodesign.

National Category
Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Natural Science, Environmental Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-44489 (URN)
Conference
2015 ESA RN22 Mid-Term Conference: “Risk, Uncertainty and Transition”. 8-10 April 2015, Stuttgart.
Funder
VINNOVA
Available from: 2015-06-15 Created: 2015-06-15 Last updated: 2018-05-16Bibliographically approved
Alriksson, S. (2015). Methods to measure stakeholder preferences. In: : . Paper presented at Efficient workshop on the science of decision making in research, Lund University Center of Environmental and Climate Change research, Jan 13 2015.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Methods to measure stakeholder preferences
2015 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Natural Science, Environmental Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-44490 (URN)
Conference
Efficient workshop on the science of decision making in research, Lund University Center of Environmental and Climate Change research, Jan 13 2015
Available from: 2015-06-15 Created: 2015-06-15 Last updated: 2018-05-16Bibliographically approved
Alriksson, S. & Henningsson, M. (2015). Why Aren't Advanced High–Strength Steels More Widely Used?: Stakeholder Preferences and Perceived Barriers to New Materials. Journal of Industrial Ecology, 19(4), 645-655
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Why Aren't Advanced High–Strength Steels More Widely Used?: Stakeholder Preferences and Perceived Barriers to New Materials
2015 (English)In: Journal of Industrial Ecology, ISSN 1088-1980, E-ISSN 1530-9290, Vol. 19, no 4, p. 645-655Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Advanced high-strength steels may reduce the use of nonrenewable resources and energy given that the amount of material needed is smaller, compared to traditional steel grades. Still, advanced steel grades are not utilized to the extent that could be expected. This study examines stakeholders’ preferences of steel characteristics and perceived barriers to the introduction of new materials. Focus group interviews were used to identify steel characteristics and perceived barriers. Stakeholder preferences of steel characteristics were evaluated through a conjoint analysis; the results showed that low weight was given the highest priority, followed by high impact strength and low price. Low chromium content was the steel characteristic of least interest. Perceived barriers to the introduction of high-strength steel were categorized as technical barriers, knowledge barriers, scrap management barriers, suitability barriers, and cost barriers.

National Category
Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Natural Science, Environmental Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-28722 (URN)10.1111/jiec.12212 (DOI)000362594200011 ()2-s2.0-84942253678 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Stålkretsloppet
Funder
Mistra - The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research
Available from: 2013-09-05 Created: 2013-09-05 Last updated: 2018-05-16Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-0702-0306

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