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Ihrmark, D., Tyrkkö, J., Carlsson, H. & Hanell, F. (2024). Considering KNIME Workflows as Shareable Resources: An Example from ‘Trolling the Library’. In: Presented at HumInfra Conference (HiC) 2024, Gothenburg: . Paper presented at HumInfra Conference (HiC) 2024, Gothenburg.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Considering KNIME Workflows as Shareable Resources: An Example from ‘Trolling the Library’
2024 (English)In: Presented at HumInfra Conference (HiC) 2024, Gothenburg, 2024Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

As the growing influence of the radical right turns cultural institutions into political symbols (Harding, 2021), online forums and social media are key venues for antagonistic outbursts directed at public libraries (Carlsson, Hanell & Hansson 2022). Trolling the Library aims to explore radical right digital attacks against public libraries, and is currently piloting different methods to analyse online comments and news items from the website SamNytt. This contribution outlines one intended deliverable of the project: a shareable workflow for the low-code tool KNIME (KoNstanz Information MinEr).

 

Low-code tools play an important role in making data analysis and visualization accessible to researchers and students with limited experience, or interest, in programming (see De Mauro, Marzoni & Walter, 2021). While low-code tools do introduce closed-box issues, they can still be considered important steppingstones towards computational approaches (Tyrkkö & Ihrmark, submitted). An additional benefit is the shareability of the workflow resulting from designing the method pipeline in tools such as KNIME or Orange. 

 

The specific workflow resulting from Trolling the Library contains sentiment analysis and topic modeling components. While limited in scope, the discussion of the workflow highlights both the benefits and drawbacks of low-code workflows as potential shareable resources for the digital humanities. This contribution focuses on the ease of use, possible obstacles from an unfamiliar user’s perspective, and the availability of appropriate resources for the platform. 

 

 

Works cited:

 

Carlsson, H., Hanell, F., & Hansson, J. (2022). ”Det känns som att jag bara

sitter och väntar på att det ska explodera”: politisk påverkan på de

kommunala folkbibliotekens verksamhet i sex sydsvenska regioner. Nordic

Journal of Library and Information Studies, 3(1), 26-43.

 

De Mauro Andrea, Francesco Marzoni & Andrew J. Walter. 2021. Data Analytics Made Easy: Analyze and present data to make informed decisions without writing any code. Packt Publishing

 

Harding, T. (2021). Culture wars? The (re) politicization of Swedish cultural

policy. Cultural Trends, 1-18.

 

Tyrkkö, J., & Ihrmark, D. Submitted. Low-code data science tools for linguistics: Swiss army knives or pretty black boxes? In Coats S. and V. Laippala (eds.) March of Data (Language, Data Science and Digital Humanities X). London: Bloomsbury Academic.

Keywords
Trolling the library, low-code tools, sentiment analysis, topic modeling
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics Cultural Studies Information Studies
Research subject
Humanities, Linguistics; Humanities, Library and Information Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-126634 (URN)
Conference
HumInfra Conference (HiC) 2024, Gothenburg
Available from: 2024-01-12 Created: 2024-01-12 Last updated: 2024-01-30Bibliographically approved
Tyrkkö, J. & Ihrmark, D. (2024). Low-code Data Science Tools for Linguistics: Swiss Army Knives or Pretty Black Boxes. In: Steven Coats; Victoria Laippala (Ed.), Linguistics across Disciplinary Borders: The March of Data (pp. 40-66). London: Bloomsbury Academic
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Low-code Data Science Tools for Linguistics: Swiss Army Knives or Pretty Black Boxes
2024 (English)In: Linguistics across Disciplinary Borders: The March of Data / [ed] Steven Coats; Victoria Laippala, London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2024, p. 40-66Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2024
Series
Language, Data Science and Digital Humanities
Keywords
linguistics, low-code, tools, corpus linguistics, text analysis, digital humanities
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject
Humanities, English; Humanities, Linguistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-127356 (URN)10.5040/9781350362291.0008 (DOI)978-1-3503-6226-0 (ISBN)
Available from: 2024-01-31 Created: 2024-01-31 Last updated: 2024-02-01
Tyrkkö, J. & Legutko, J. (2023). “Bongswore, mesdarms et messures”:Code-Switching and Multimodality in Punch Magazine during Victorian Times and Beyond. In: Matylda Włodarczyk, Jukka Tyrkkö, Elżbieta Adamczyk (Ed.), Multilingualism from Manuscript to 3D: Intersections of Modalities from Medieval to Modern Times (pp. 141-169). Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>“Bongswore, mesdarms et messures”:Code-Switching and Multimodality in Punch Magazine during Victorian Times and Beyond
2023 (English)In: Multilingualism from Manuscript to 3D: Intersections of Modalities from Medieval to Modern Times / [ed] Matylda Włodarczyk, Jukka Tyrkkö, Elżbieta Adamczyk, Routledge, 2023, p. 141-169Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This chapter explores the signalling of social otherness in Punch magazine through the use of non-standard orthography, semi-phonetic spelling, and typographic shifts. Building on the concepts of “orthographic aesthetics” (Jaffe 2000) and “zone of social meaning” (Sebba 2007), we use a corpus of 550 issues of Punch, published between the 1840s and 1920s, to discover how often and in what ways both foreign languages and dialects of English were featured in the periodical. The results show that the decision to use visually salient shifts in the written code to mark voices that deviate from the presumed standard was frequently motivated by humour and the desire to highlight a specific speaker’s membership of a distinct social group that was typically defined by nationality, ethnicity, regional background, or class.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2023
Keywords
multilingualism, multimodality, eye-dialect, semiphonetic spelling, script, Punch, Victorian
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject
Humanities, Linguistics; Humanities, English
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-118145 (URN)10.4324/9781003166634-9 (DOI)2-s2.0-85148411008 (Scopus ID)9780367763596 (ISBN)
Available from: 2023-01-05 Created: 2023-01-05 Last updated: 2023-08-15Bibliographically approved
Korhonen, M., Kotze, H. & Tyrkkö, J. (Eds.). (2023). Exploring Language and Society with Big Data: Parliamentary discourse across time and space. John Benjamins Publishing Company
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exploring Language and Society with Big Data: Parliamentary discourse across time and space
2023 (English)Collection (editor) (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2023
Series
Studies in Corpus Linguistics
Keywords
Big data, parliamentary language, corpus linguistics, language and society
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject
Humanities, Linguistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-125673 (URN)9789027214065 (ISBN)9789027249517 (ISBN)
Available from: 2023-11-17 Created: 2023-11-17 Last updated: 2024-01-09Bibliographically approved
Nevala, M. & Tyrkkö, J. (2023). From criminal lunacy to mental disorder: The changing lexis of mental health in the British parliament. In: Minna Korhonen, Haidee Kotze, Jukka Tyrkkö (Ed.), Exploring Language and Society with Big Data: Parliamentary discourse across time and space (pp. 194-226). John Benjamins Publishing Company
Open this publication in new window or tab >>From criminal lunacy to mental disorder: The changing lexis of mental health in the British parliament
2023 (English)In: Exploring Language and Society with Big Data: Parliamentary discourse across time and space / [ed] Minna Korhonen, Haidee Kotze, Jukka Tyrkkö, John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2023, p. 194-226Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This chapter investigates discourses of mental health in the British parliament over two centuries (1800–2020). A pattern-driven approach is used to explore terminology related to mentally ill people, mental institutions, and mental health in general. The study focuses on lexical trends in parliamentary discourse, the extent to which mental health discourse was discussed in general, and the way in which the lexis of modern mental health care has developed. The results show that the major shifts in the entire lexical field have happened in specific time periods, the turning points being in the 1840s, 1930s and 1950s. The general attitude also seems to have shifted, and the data show an increasing concern for legally protecting people with mental illness.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2023
Series
Studies in Corpus Linguistics ; 111
Keywords
Lexis, corpus linguistics, mental health, parliament, Hansard
National Category
Specific Languages
Research subject
Humanities, English
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-125675 (URN)10.1075/scl.111.07nev (DOI)9789027214065 (ISBN)9789027249517 (ISBN)
Available from: 2023-11-17 Created: 2023-11-17 Last updated: 2024-01-11Bibliographically approved
Wlodarczyk, M., Tyrkkö, J. & Adamczyk, E. (2023). Intersections of Modalities from Medieval to Modern Times. In: Matylda Włodarczyk, Jukka Tyrkkö, Elżbieta Adamczyk (Ed.), Multilingualism from Manuscript to 3D: Intersections of Modalities from Medieval to Modern Times (pp. 1-16). Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Intersections of Modalities from Medieval to Modern Times
2023 (English)In: Multilingualism from Manuscript to 3D: Intersections of Modalities from Medieval to Modern Times / [ed] Matylda Włodarczyk, Jukka Tyrkkö, Elżbieta Adamczyk, Routledge, 2023, p. 1-16Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This chapter argues that the integration of the multimodal and the multilingual which pre-exists modern digital media is all but haphazard. Thus, their dynamics and trends that have endured and developed over centuries call for systematic scholarly exploration. For instance, in historical texts and contemporary social media alike pre-attentive engagement techniques are implemented by content producers in order to guide processing. Other manifestations of the multimodal and multilingual interplay involve orthographic aesthetics which encodes social evaluation and commentary of (linguistic) otherness in late modernity, while visual diamorphs, brevigraphs and non-alphabetic symbols embody the prestige of medieval de-luxe manuscripts. Bilingualism in contemporary social media is as purposeful and commercially devised a tool as the graphics and photos placed in blogs and vlogs by micro-influencers. The chapter offers an approach that paves the way for generalisations and extension to cover further data representing other languages and periods.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2023
Keywords
multilingualism, multimodality, diachronic
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject
Humanities, Linguistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-118154 (URN)10.4324/9781003166634-1 (DOI)2-s2.0-85148407230 (Scopus ID)9780367763596 (ISBN)
Available from: 2023-01-05 Created: 2023-01-05 Last updated: 2023-08-15Bibliographically approved
Ihrmark, D. & Tyrkkö, J. (2023). Learning text analytics without coding?: An introduction to KNIME. Education for Information, 39(2), 121-137
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Learning text analytics without coding?: An introduction to KNIME
2023 (English)In: Education for Information, ISSN 0167-8329, E-ISSN 1875-8649, Vol. 39, no 2, p. 121-137Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The combination of the quantitative turn in linguistics and the emergence of text analytics has created a demand for new methodological skills among linguists and data scientists. This paper introduces KNIME as a low-code programming platform for linguists interested in learning text analytic methods, while highlighting the considerations necessary from a linguistics standpoint for data scientists. Examples from an Open Educational Resource created for the DiMPAH project are used to demonstrate KNIME's value as a low-code option for text analysis, using sentiment analysis and topic modelling as examples. The paper provides detailed step-by-step descriptions of the workflows for both methods, showcasing how these methods can be applied without writing code. The results suggest that visual or low-code programming tools are useful as an introduction for linguists and humanities scholars who wish to gain an understanding of text analytic workflows and computational thinking. However, as with more traditional programming, caution must be exercised when using methods without fully understanding them. In conclusion, KNIME is a potential avenue for innovative research and teaching computational methods to humanities scholars.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IOS Press, 2023
Keywords
Linguistics, datascience, low-code programming, KNIME, DiMPAH
National Category
Languages and Literature
Research subject
Humanities, English
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-122158 (URN)10.3233/efi-230027 (DOI)001006100100003 ()
Projects
DiMPAH
Available from: 2023-06-19 Created: 2023-06-19 Last updated: 2023-10-27Bibliographically approved
Nevala, M. & Tyrkkö, J. (2023). Lunatics and idiots: The effect of semantic shifts on naming and labelling in the British Parliament, 1950–2000. Nordic Journal of Socio-Onomastics, 3, 97-130
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Lunatics and idiots: The effect of semantic shifts on naming and labelling in the British Parliament, 1950–2000
2023 (English)In: Nordic Journal of Socio-Onomastics, ISSN 2004-0296, Vol. 3, p. 97-130Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Kungliga Gustav Adolfs Akademien, 2023
Keywords
History of English, terminology, onomastics, mental health, Hansard, parliamentary discourse
National Category
Specific Languages
Research subject
Humanities, English
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-125335 (URN)10.59589/noso.32023.14413 (DOI)
Available from: 2023-10-27 Created: 2023-10-27 Last updated: 2023-10-30Bibliographically approved
Wlodarczyk, M., Tyrkkö, J. & Adamczyk, E. (Eds.). (2023). Multilingualism from Manuscript to 3D: Intersections of Modalities from Medieval to Modern Times. Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Multilingualism from Manuscript to 3D: Intersections of Modalities from Medieval to Modern Times
2023 (English)Collection (editor) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This collection explores the links between multimodality and multilingualism, charting the interplay between languages, channels and forms of communication in multilingual written texts from historical manuscripts through to the new media of today and the non-verbal associations they evoke.

The volume argues that features of written texts such as graphics, layout, boundary marking and typography are inseparable from verbal content. Taken together, the chapters adopt a systematic historical perspective to investigate this interplay over time and highlight the ways in which the two disciplines might further inform one another in the future as new technologies emerge. The first half of the volume considers texts where semiotic resources are the sites of modes, where multiple linguistic codes interact on the page and generate extralinguistic associations through visual features and spatial organizaisation. The second half of the book looks at texts where this interface occurs not in the text but rather in the cultural practices involved in social materiality and text transmission.

Enhancing our understandings of multimodal resources in both historical and contemporary communication, this book will be of interest to scholars in multimodality, multilingualism, historical communication, discourse analysis and cultural studies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2023. p. 264
Keywords
multimodality, multilingualism
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject
Humanities, Linguistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-118144 (URN)10.4324/9781003166634 (DOI)2-s2.0-85148405249 (Scopus ID)9780367763596 (ISBN)
Available from: 2023-01-05 Created: 2023-01-05 Last updated: 2023-08-15Bibliographically approved
Tyrkkö, J. (2023). Network graphs to the rescue, or how to visualise distributions and networks in corpora and language. In: Sönning, Lukas;Schützler, Ole (Ed.), Data Visualization in Corpus Linguistics: Critical Reflections and Future Directions: . Helsinki: VARIENG, University of Helsinki
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Network graphs to the rescue, or how to visualise distributions and networks in corpora and language
2023 (English)In: Data Visualization in Corpus Linguistics: Critical Reflections and Future Directions / [ed] Sönning, Lukas;Schützler, Ole, Helsinki: VARIENG, University of Helsinki , 2023Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Whether we are talking about the structural properties of corpora or the dispersion of linguistic phenomena within corpora or the language system, corpus-based analyses almost invariably deal with complex and relational data. However, due in part to the design of online and standalone corpus tools, corpora are often treated exclusively from the so-called bag-of-words perspective. As corpora have increased in size, it has become increasingly difficult to understand their structures and metadata, and associations between linguistic features are almost impossible to grasp from tabular data and test statistics alone. In recent years, data visualisation methods developed in the natural sciences have become a part of the digital humanist’s toolkit for gaining insights into complex data, understanding their structure, for identifying outliers and noteworthy categories, and for communicating findings in a way that readers and audiences will remember. In this paper, I will focus on network visualisations, which are highly suited for both exploring and presenting complex linked data. The main tool discussed is Cytoscape, an open-access network visualisation tool widely used in bioinformatics and supported by a large user-base. I will present a series of case studies of how network visualisations can assist in both exploratory analysis and descriptive visualisation of corpora and linguistic data. First, I will demonstrate their utility for exploring the structures of corpora and their metadata. Second, I will show how visualisation methods can clarify collocate relationships and how such visualisations can be designed to represent association strengths in a way that does not mislead the reader. And third, I use network graphing to explore the distribution of multilingual elements across millions of tweets, combining linguistic data and metadata to produce an overview that could not be represented otherwise.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Helsinki: VARIENG, University of Helsinki, 2023
Series
Studies in Variation, Contacts and Change in English, E-ISSN 1797-4453 ; 22
Keywords
data visualisation, network graphs, corpus linguistics, distribution
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject
Humanities, Linguistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-127637 (URN)
Available from: 2024-02-08 Created: 2024-02-08 Last updated: 2024-02-13Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-5251-5338

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