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Publications (10 of 11) Show all publications
Sinclair, S. & Agerström, J. (2019). Does expertise and thinking mode matter for accuracy in judgments of job applicants’ cognitive ability?. In: Presented at IAREP-SABE 2019: . Paper presented at 2019 IAREP-SABE conference on Economic Psychology and Behavioural Economics, Dublin, Ireland, Sept 1-4, 2019, SABE 2019.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Does expertise and thinking mode matter for accuracy in judgments of job applicants’ cognitive ability?
2019 (English)In: Presented at IAREP-SABE 2019, 2019Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Social Sciences, Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-90225 (URN)
Conference
2019 IAREP-SABE conference on Economic Psychology and Behavioural Economics, Dublin, Ireland, Sept 1-4, 2019, SABE 2019
Funder
The Crafoord Foundation
Available from: 2019-11-22 Created: 2019-11-22 Last updated: 2019-11-29Bibliographically approved
Sinclair, S., Nilsson, A. & Cederskär, E. (2019). Explaining gender-typed educational choice in adolescence: The role of social identity, self-concept, goals, grades, and interests.. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 110(Part A), 54-71
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Explaining gender-typed educational choice in adolescence: The role of social identity, self-concept, goals, grades, and interests.
2019 (English)In: Journal of Vocational Behavior, ISSN 0001-8791, E-ISSN 1095-9084, Vol. 110, no Part A, p. 54-71Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In most industrialized countries, there are substantial gender differences in field of study, resulting in gender segregated labor markets. The present research (N = 457, M age = 14.98) investigated a diverse range of predictors of Swedish adolescents’ choice of preparatory (STEM; humanistic) and terminal (e.g., electrician; health care) programs. The results revealed that social identity related variables (same-gender friendship networks, belonging, and adherence to gender stereotypes) mattered primarily for choice of gender-typed terminal programs, whereas academic self-concept and grades positively predicted selecting STEM and negatively predicted choice of gender-typed terminal programs for both girls and boys. Subject-specific interests were the most powerful and robust predictors overall and mediated the effects of academic self-concept and to a lesser extent social identity variables. The results illuminate the interaction between perceived barriers, opportunities, and interests in determining educational choice, the need to consider gender-typical choice for high-skilled and low-skilled career paths separately, and the importance of jointly considering a multitude of predictors that are typically studied in different fields.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
educational choice, STEM, gender, social identity, academic self-concept, interests.
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Social Sciences, Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-78887 (URN)10.1016/j.jvb.2018.11.007 (DOI)000461533300005 ()2-s2.0-85057100355 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-11-19 Created: 2018-11-19 Last updated: 2019-08-29Bibliographically approved
Carlsson, R. & Sinclair, S. (2018). Prototypes and same-gender bias in perceptions of hiring discrimination. Journal of Social Psychology, 158(3), 285-297
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Prototypes and same-gender bias in perceptions of hiring discrimination
2018 (English)In: Journal of Social Psychology, ISSN 0022-4545, E-ISSN 1940-1183, Vol. 158, no 3, p. 285-297Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The present study investigated the relative importance of two explanations behind perceptions of gender discrimination in hiring: prototypes and same- gender bias. According to the prototype explanation, people perceive an event as discrimination to the extent that it fits their preconceptions of typical discrimination. In contrast, the same-gender bias explanation asserts that people more readily detect discrimination toward members of their own gender. In four experiments (n = 797), women and men made considerably stronger discrimination attributions, and were moderately more discouraged from seeking work, when the victim was female rather than male. Further, a series of regressions analyses showed beliefs in discrimination of women to be moderately correlated with discrimination attributions of female victims, but little added explanatory value of participant gender, stigma consciousness, or feminist identification. The results offer strong support for the prototype explanation. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2018
Keywords
Gender, In-group bias, Perceived discrimination, Prototypes
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Research subject
Social Sciences, Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-67323 (URN)10.1080/00224545.2017.1341374 (DOI)000428207700002 ()28614000 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85028562522 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-08-21 Created: 2017-08-21 Last updated: 2019-08-29Bibliographically approved
Sinclair, S., Carlsson, R. & Björklund, F. (2016). Getting along or ahead: Effects of gender identity threat on communal and agentic self‐presentations. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 57(5), 427-432
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Getting along or ahead: Effects of gender identity threat on communal and agentic self‐presentations
2016 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 57, no 5, p. 427-432Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

When faced with a threat to gender identity, people may try to restore their gender status by acting in a more gender-typical manner. The present research investigated effects of gender identity threat on self-presentations of agentic and communal traits in a Swedish and an Argentine sample (= 242). Under threat (vs. affirmation), Swedish women deemphasized agentic traits (d [95% CI] = −0.41 [−0.93, 0.11]), Argentine women increased their emphasis on communal traits (= 0.44 [−0.08, 0.97]), and Argentine men increased their emphasis on agentic traits (= 0.49 [−0.03, 1.01]). However, Swedish men did not appear to be affected by the threat regarding agentic (= 0.04 [−0.47, 0.55]) or communal traits (= 0.23 [−0.29, 0.74]). The findings are to be considered tentative. Implications for identity threat research are discussed.

National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Research subject
Social Sciences, Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-56589 (URN)10.1111/sjop.12310 (DOI)000383707800007 ()2-s2.0-84979555118 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-09-20 Created: 2016-09-20 Last updated: 2019-06-13Bibliographically approved
Sinclair, S. (2015). Social psychological barriers to a gender balanced labor market : The role of gender identity threats, friendship priorities, and perceived discrimination. (Doctoral dissertation). Lund: Lund university
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Social psychological barriers to a gender balanced labor market : The role of gender identity threats, friendship priorities, and perceived discrimination
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Gender remains a key predictor of vocational choice. The present thesis aimed to investigate three social psychological barriers to nontraditional career choice.Study Ӏ showed that threats to gender identity may lead to more gender-typical occupational preferences among adolescents. The results suggested a unique effect of gender identity threat, as a control threat did not have the same effect. Moreover, individual differences in gender identity concerns predicted gender-typed preferences. Study ӀӀ proposed an effect of gender-typical educational choice as a consequence of social needs. Because people tend to have predominantly same-gender friends, those who adjust their choice of education to be with their friends are likely to acquire a more gender-typical education and, consequently, occupation. The findings suggest that adolescents are more likely to adjust their educational choice in line with same-gender friends. Furthermore, perceived education compromise in line with friends was related to having selected a more gender typical field of study. Study ӀӀӀ revealed that people’s perceptions of gender discrimination in hiring are guided by discrimination prototypes of the typical discrimination victim, rather than same-gender bias. Both men and women tend to interpret an ambiguous outcome on the labor market as discrimination if the applicant is female. Furthermore, observing a woman being declined job interviews in male-typed occupations led to work-seeking discouragement, and this effect was mediated by attributions to discrimination. Discrimination attributions in prototypical cases were found to be exaggerated compared to the prevalence of actual gender discrimination in hiring.To conclude, the present thesis suggests that gender identity threat, friendship priorities, and perceived discrimination may prevent individuals from exploring their full range of career opportunities. First, gender identity threat may affect adolescents so that they do not even form aspirations for gender atypical occupations. Second, even if there is some interest in nontraditional occupations, the need to preserve close relationships will push people away from domains where they have no friends (usually domains where their gender is in minority). Finally, when young men and women are about to enter the labor market, exaggerated perceptions of the prevalence of discrimination can become an obstacle to their motivation to pursue certain careers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Lund university, 2015. p. 79
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Social Sciences, Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-90373 (URN)978-91-7623-335-1 (ISBN)978-91-7623-336-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2015-06-12, Lund, 10:00 (English)
Available from: 2019-12-19 Created: 2019-12-04 Last updated: 2019-12-19Bibliographically approved
Sinclair, S., Carlsson, R. & Björklund, F. (2014). The role of friends in career compromise: Same-gender friendship intensifies gender differences in educational choice. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 84(2), 109-118
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The role of friends in career compromise: Same-gender friendship intensifies gender differences in educational choice
2014 (English)In: Journal of Vocational Behavior, ISSN 0001-8791, E-ISSN 1095-9084, Vol. 84, no 2, p. 109-118Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We propose a mechanism of how the desire to maintain friendships can intensify gender differences in educational choice. The required conditions for this mechanism would be that (1) adolescent males and females differ in their overall educational preferences, (2) wanting to stay close to friends motivates some adolescents to adjust their educational choice in line with their friends' choices, and (3) adolescents have a higher share of same-gender, than other-gender, friends. Study 1 confirmed that these criteria were met, and Study 2 found an association between friendship priority and gender typed field of study. In conclusion, adjusting educational choices in order to maintain friendships put adolescents at risk of compromising their true career interests, and also becomes an obstacle to a gender balanced labor market.

Keywords
gender, career, educational choice, gender segregation
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Social Sciences, Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-31377 (URN)10.1016/j.jvb.2013.12.007 (DOI)
Available from: 2014-01-05 Created: 2014-01-05 Last updated: 2019-02-08Bibliographically approved
Sinclair, S. (2013). Inaccurate perceptions and work seeking discouragement: Consequences of gender discrimination prototypes at work. In: : . Paper presented at 13th European Congress of Psychology, 9-12 July, 2013, Stockholm.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Inaccurate perceptions and work seeking discouragement: Consequences of gender discrimination prototypes at work
2013 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Social Sciences, Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-90226 (URN)
Conference
13th European Congress of Psychology, 9-12 July, 2013, Stockholm
Available from: 2019-11-22 Created: 2019-11-22 Last updated: 2020-01-23Bibliographically approved
Sinclair, S., Tellhed, U. & Björklund, F. (2013). The Relation between Students’ Implicit Researcher-Gender Associations and Perceptions of a Research Career.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Relation between Students’ Implicit Researcher-Gender Associations and Perceptions of a Research Career
2013 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Associations between the researcher occupation and gender, and the relation between such associations and career considerations, were examined. Study 1 revealed that students’ perception of the researcher stereotype corresponds more to their perception of the male than the female stereotype. In study 2, the more females implicitly associated the role of researcher with women, the higher they rated their perceived competence as researchers, and the stronger their interest in a future research career tended to be. The results are discussed in relation to in-group preferences and stereotype threat.

National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-77155 (URN)
Available from: 2018-08-16 Created: 2018-08-16 Last updated: 2019-02-08Bibliographically approved
Carlsson, R., Sinclair, S. & Agerström, J. (2013). The Role of Prototypes and Same-Gender Bias in Attributions to Gender Discrimination in Hiring. Linnéuniversitetet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Role of Prototypes and Same-Gender Bias in Attributions to Gender Discrimination in Hiring
2013 (English)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linnéuniversitetet, 2013. p. 64
Series
Working paper series: Linnaeus University Centre for Labour Market and Discrimination Studies ; 2013:15
National Category
Psychology Economics
Research subject
Social Sciences, Psychology; Economy, Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-33045 (URN)
Available from: 2014-03-19 Created: 2014-03-19 Last updated: 2019-08-07Bibliographically approved
Sinclair, S. & Carlsson, R. (2013). What will I be when I grow up? The impact of gender identity threat on adolescents' occupational preferences. Journal of Adolescence, 36(3), 465-474
Open this publication in new window or tab >>What will I be when I grow up? The impact of gender identity threat on adolescents' occupational preferences
2013 (English)In: Journal of Adolescence, ISSN 0140-1971, E-ISSN 1095-9254, Vol. 36, no 3, p. 465-474Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The present study examined the impact of gender identity threat on adolescents’ occupationalpreferences. Two hundred and ninety-seven adolescents (45% girls, M age ¼ 14.4,SD ¼ .54) participated in the experiment. There were substantial differences between boys’and girls’ occupational preferences. Importantly, adolescents who received a threat to theirgender identity became more stereotypical in job preferences, suggesting a causal linkbetween threatened gender identity and stereotypical preferences. A comparison threat toone’s capability did not have this effect, indicating a unique effect of gender identity threat.Further, individual differences in gender identity concerns predicted gender stereotypicalpreferences, and this finding was replicated with an independent sample (N ¼ 242). Inconclusion, the results suggest that threats to adolescents’ gender identity may contributeto the large gender segregation on the labor market.

Keywords
Gender identity, Occupational preferences, Adolescence
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Social Sciences, Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-30750 (URN)10.1016/j.adolescence.2013.02.001 (DOI)
Available from: 2013-11-26 Created: 2013-11-26 Last updated: 2019-02-08Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-9967-9030

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