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Zhang, Yu
Publications (2 of 2) Show all publications
Zhang, Y., Zhang, J.-H., Tian, Q., Liu, Z.-H. & Zhang, H.-L. (2018). Virtual water trade of agricultural products: A new perspective to explore the Belt and Road. Science of the Total Environment, 622, 988-996
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Virtual water trade of agricultural products: A new perspective to explore the Belt and Road
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2018 (English)In: Science of the Total Environment, ISSN 0048-9697, E-ISSN 1879-1026, Vol. 622, p. 988-996Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Belt and Road is an initiative of cooperation and development that was proposed by China. Moreover, most of the spanning countries faced water shortages and agriculture consumed a lot of water. Virtual water links water, food and trade and is an effective tool to ease water shortages. Therefore, this paper aims to understand the Belt and Road from the new perspective of virtual water trade of agricultural products. We considered agricultural products trade from 2001 to 2015. On the whole, the results indicated that China was in virtual water trade surplus with the countries along the Belt and Road. However, in terms of each country, >40 spanning countries were in virtual water trade surplus with China and eased water shortages. Russia had the largest net imported virtual water from China. Furthermore, the proportion of the grey water footprint that China exported to the spanning countries was much higher than that imported, no matter from the whole or different geographical regions. Moreover, more than half of the countries' virtual water trade with China conformed to the virtual water strategy, which helped to ease water crises. Furthermore, the products that they exported to China were mainly advantageous products that each spanning countries have. Virtual water trade is a new perspective to explore the Belt and Road. Agricultural products trade with China definitely benefits both the countries along the Belt and Road and China from the perspective of virtual water. The findings are beneficial for the water management of the countries along the Belt and Road and China, alleviating water shortages, encouraging the rational allocation of water resources in the various departments. They can provide references for optimizing trade structures as well. (c) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
Keywords
Agricultural product, Virtual water, Water shortage, Water surplus, Net import, The Belt and Road
National Category
Environmental Sciences Economics and Business
Research subject
Economy; Environmental Science, Natural Resources Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-71752 (URN)10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.11.351 (DOI)000426349000100 ()29227947 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85037712352 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-03-22 Created: 2018-03-22 Last updated: 2019-08-29Bibliographically approved
Zhang, J.-H., Zhang, Y., Zhou, J., Liu, Z.-H., Zhang, H.-L. & Tian, Q. (2017). Tourism water footprint: an empirical analysis of Mount Huangshan. Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research, 22(10), 1083-1098
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Tourism water footprint: an empirical analysis of Mount Huangshan
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2017 (English)In: Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research, ISSN 1094-1665, E-ISSN 1741-6507, Vol. 22, no 10, p. 1083-1098Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Water is an important factor for the sustainable development of tourism. We constructed a comprehensive model of the tourism water footprint (TWF), including tourism sewage and water for management, and used the world heritage Mount Huangshan as an example. The results showed that the total TWF, which included green, blue and grey water of Mount Huangshan in 2012, was about 10.19 million m(3)/year, approximately per tourist 3.39m(3)/day or 3387L/day. Tourism sewage and food were the main factors of water consumption. The spatial transfer of TWF led the spillover of tourism environmental impact, not only affecting Mount Huangshan but the Huangshan City and even nationwide. Tourist flow and temperature had a highly significant positive correlation with the TWF. Quantifying the TWF can reflect the pressure of tourists on water resources, and provide an effective decision-making basis for rational use of water resources.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2017
Keywords
Tourism water footprint, virtual water, tourism sewage, tourism food, spatial transfer, Mount Huangshan
National Category
Economics and Business
Research subject
Tourism
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-68151 (URN)10.1080/10941665.2017.1369134 (DOI)000410849400007 ()2-s2.0-85028775088 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-10-02 Created: 2017-10-02 Last updated: 2019-08-29Bibliographically approved
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