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Andersson, A., Sanders, L. D., Coch, D., Karns, C. M. & Neville, H. J. (2018). Anterior and posterior ERP rhyming effects in 3- to 5-year-old children. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 30, 178-190
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Anterior and posterior ERP rhyming effects in 3- to 5-year-old children
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2018 (English)In: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, ISSN 1878-9293, E-ISSN 1878-9307, Vol. 30, p. 178-190Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

During early literacy skills development, rhyming is an important indicator of the phonological precursors required for reading. To determine if neural signatures of rhyming are apparent in early childhood, we recorded event-related potentials (ERPs) from 3- to 5-year-old, preliterate children (N = 62) in an auditory prime-target nonword rhyming paradigm (e.g., bly-gry, blane-vox). Overall, nonrhyming targets elicited a larger negativity (N450) than rhyming targets over posterior regions. In contrast, rhyming targets elicited a larger negativity than nonrhyming targets over fronto-lateral sites. The amplitude of the two rhyming effects was correlated, such that a larger posterior effect occurred with a smaller anterior effect. To determine whether these neural signatures of rhyming related to phonological awareness, we divided the children into two groups based on phonological awareness scores while controlling for age and socioeconomic status. The posterior rhyming effect was stronger and more widely distributed in the group with better phonological awareness, whereas differences between groups for the anterior effect were small and not significant. This pattern of results suggests that the rhyme processes indexed by the anterior effect are developmental precursors to those indexed by the posterior effect. Overall, these findings demonstrate early establishment of distributed neurocognitive networks for rhyme processing.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
Keywords
Rhyming effect Event-related potentials Phonological awareness Preschoolers Nonword processing
National Category
Languages and Literature Psychology Learning
Research subject
Humanities, English; Pedagogics and Educational Sciences, Education; Social Sciences, Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-70867 (URN)10.1016/j.dcn.2018.02.011 (DOI)000432146500021 ()29554639 (PubMedID)
Funder
NIH (National Institute of Health), NIDC RO1 DC000481
Available from: 2018-06-07 Created: 2018-06-07 Last updated: 2018-07-11Bibliographically approved
Andersson, A., Sayehli, S. & Gullberg, M. (2018). Language background affects word order processing in a second language online but not offline. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 1-24
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Language background affects word order processing in a second language online but not offline
2018 (English)In: Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, ISSN 1366-7289, E-ISSN 1469-1841, p. 1-24Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

This study examines possible crosslinguistic influence on basic word order processing in a second language (L2). Targeting Swedish V2 word order we investigate adult German learners (+V2 in the L1) and English learners (-V2 in the L1) of Swedish who are matched for proficiency. We report results from two offline behavioural tasks (written production, metalinguistic judgments), and online processing as measured by event-related potentials (ERPs). All groups showed sensitivity to word order violations behaviourally and neurocognitively. Behaviourally, the learners differed from the native speakers only on judgements. Crucially, they did not differ from each other. Neurocognitively, all groups showed a similar increased centro-parietal P600 ERP-effect, but German learners (+V2) displayed more nativelike anterior ERP-effects than English learners (-V2). The results suggest crosslinguistic influence in that the presence of a similar word order in the L1 can facilitate online processing in an L2-- even if no offline behavioural effects are discerned.

Keywords
Event-related potentials, LAN/P600, frontal positivity, word order, crosslinguistic influence
National Category
Psychology Languages and Literature
Research subject
Social Sciences, Psychology; Humanities, Swedish as a Second Language
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-75289 (URN)10.1017/S1366728918000573 (DOI)
Available from: 2018-06-07 Created: 2018-06-07 Last updated: 2018-07-23
Andersson, A. (2017). Second language acquisition in children and adults: ERP studies of phonological awareness, semantics, and syntax. In: Tilburg center for Cognition and Communication (TiCC) Colloquium 2017: . Paper presented at Tilburg center for Cognition and Communication (TiCC) Colloquium 2017.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Second language acquisition in children and adults: ERP studies of phonological awareness, semantics, and syntax
2017 (English)In: Tilburg center for Cognition and Communication (TiCC) Colloquium 2017, 2017Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Whereas behavioral studies of L2 acquisition in children are abundant little is known about second language (L2) processing in development neurocognitively. Indeed, neurocognitive studies of L2 processing typically are limited to adults with several years of exposure, who may use general cognitive mechanisms to compensate for any difficulties in L2 processing. Research on bilingual adults suggests that age of acquisition (AoA) and proficiency have different effects on different aspects of L2 processing. In addition to AoA and proficiency, neurocognitive studies have also reported on crosslinguistic influence (CLI) in morphosyntactic L2 processing. These studies typically report that learners display nativelike L2-processing when structures are similar to that of their own native language.

I will present studies where we recorded event-related brain potentials (ERPs) in order to index processing of phonological awareness (Rhyming effect: RE), semantics (N400), and syntax (LAN, P600) in bilingual and monolingual children 6-8 years of age. In addition, I will present a study of CLI effects of processing of L2-syntax. Even though behaviorally, bilingual children with an average AoA of 4 years had lower English proficiency than monolingual children, proficiency predicted similar differences in ERPs across groups. However, other differences in the ERPs waveforms were related to AoA rather than proficiency. These differences were restricted to phonological awareness and syntax. Adults with similar L2-Swedish proficiency differed in their processing depending on if their first language had similar syntax (verb second, German learners) or not (English learners).

The results from the studies that will be presented suggest early acquisition is important for processing of rhyming and for more automatic syntactic processing while proficiency is important for semantics and for controlled aspects of syntactic processing in children and that CLI can affect syntactic processing in late adult learners of a language.

Keywords
L2, talk, ERP, language processing, children, adults, bilingual
National Category
Languages and Literature
Research subject
Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-70846 (URN)
Conference
Tilburg center for Cognition and Communication (TiCC) Colloquium 2017
Note

Invited Talk

Available from: 2018-03-08 Created: 2018-03-08 Last updated: 2018-05-11Bibliographically approved
Andersson, A. (2017). Snabbast eller bäst?. Förskoletidningen (4), 27-29
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Snabbast eller bäst?
2017 (Swedish)In: Förskoletidningen, ISSN 0348-0364, no 4, p. 27-29Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Abstract [sv]

Vuxna lär sig andraspråk snabbast medan barn blir bäst. Detta gäller speciellt språkljud men också grammatik och meningsbyggnad.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Förskoletidningen, 2017
National Category
Languages and Literature
Research subject
Humanities, Swedish Didactics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-75298 (URN)
Available from: 2018-06-07 Created: 2018-06-07 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Andersson, A. (2017). Standing avocados, or when ratings of sentences and brain processing tells different stories. In: LU Humanities Lab 10 years 2017: A celebratory symposium October 19, 2017 : How Lund University Humanities Lab has changed research. Paper presented at A celebratory symposium October 19, 2017 : How Lund University Humanities Lab has changed research. Lund: Lund University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Standing avocados, or when ratings of sentences and brain processing tells different stories
2017 (English)In: LU Humanities Lab 10 years 2017: A celebratory symposium October 19, 2017 : How Lund University Humanities Lab has changed research, Lund: Lund University , 2017Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Lund University, 2017
Keywords
CBL, placement verbs, Swedish
National Category
Languages and Literature
Research subject
Humanities, Swedish
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-70843 (URN)
Conference
A celebratory symposium October 19, 2017 : How Lund University Humanities Lab has changed research
Note

Invited Talk at the 10th anniversary of Lund University Humanities Laboratory.

Available from: 2018-03-08 Created: 2018-03-08 Last updated: 2018-03-14Bibliographically approved
Andersson, A. & Gullberg, M. (2016). An ERP study of the relationship between verb semantics and events. In: The 8th Annual Meeting of the Society for the Neurobiology of Language: . Paper presented at The 8th Annual Meeting of the Society for the Neurobiology of Language.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>An ERP study of the relationship between verb semantics and events
2016 (English)In: The 8th Annual Meeting of the Society for the Neurobiology of Language, 2016Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Languages differ in how events are described, but little is known about how semantics interacts with online event processing. This study targets this question examining placement events in Swedish. Swedish has three obligatory placement verbs for events where objects have support from below: sätta ’set’, ställa ’stand’, and lägga ’lay’. Swedish lacks a superordinate general term like English put (Gullberg & Burenhult, 2011). For every placement event the verb choice depends on object properties, and the direction of the object’s extension from the ground. We use event-related potentials (ERPs) and appropriateness ratings of verb usage to investigate the interaction between verb semantics and event properties. Typically violations of semantic congruency positively affect the amplitude of the N400 (Kutas & Hillyard, 1980). Studies also report a centro-parietal positivity (P600) when real-world knowledge is violated and verbs are incongruous to preceding contexts (Kuperberg, 2007, for a review). Previous ERP studies of visually presented images or movies of actions and events have reported an N400 followed by a P600 when the function of an object is violated (e.g., using a screwdriver as a key, Bach, et al., 2009; Balconi & Caldiroli, 2011).

Method: Native speakers (N = 24, 18-35 years) watched still images of placement events followed by sentences visually presented word by word. Sentences described the depicted events while ERPs were recorded and time-locked to the placement verbs. Participants also did an appropriateness rating offline. Object properties (Base/Without base), symmetry (Sym/Asym), and orientation from the ground (Vertical/Horizontal) were varied and sentences with the three different placement verbs were combined with each image in a cross-subject design.

Results: Base was important for appropriateness ratings of verb usage with symmetric objects while orientation was important for asymmetric objects. In contrast, there were no ERP effects to base (Base/Without) for symmetric objects. Asymmetric-base objects showed increased N400s and P600s with verbs incongruent with the depicted events (orientation, e.g., ‘lay’ with vertical glass). Asymmetric-Without base elicited an increased P600 when verbs were incongruent to depicted events when horizontally oriented (e.g., ‘set’ with horizontal avocado), but an increased N400 when verbs were incongruent to the atypical vertical placement of the objects (e.g., ‘lay’ with a vertical avocado).

Discussion: Results showed an increased amplitude of both ERP effects (N400/P600) when placement verbs were incongruent with typical placement scenarios of objects that in the real-world are placed vertically or horizontally (Asymmetric-Base, e.g., a candle; cf. Bach et al., 2009). However, for objects without a base the anterior negativity was increased with a mismatch between the verb and the presented images (the depicted events), while the P600 increased for mismatches between the verb and typical real-world events. These results suggest the anterior N400 and the P600 indeed index different relationships with event processing as previously suggested for images (Sitnikova, et al., 2008). Our results agree with previous studies suggesting that the processing of verb meaning in language cannot be separated from knowledge of object handling in the real world (cf., Van Berkum, et al., 2008).

Keywords
SNL, event, N400, P600, semantics, LAN
National Category
Psychology Languages and Literature Specific Languages
Research subject
Social Sciences, Psychology; Humanities, Swedish as a Second Language
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-70859 (URN)
Conference
The 8th Annual Meeting of the Society for the Neurobiology of Language
Available from: 2018-06-07 Created: 2018-06-07 Last updated: 2018-07-23Bibliographically approved
Andersson, A. & Gullberg, M. (2016). Event processing is affected by an interaction between actual and canonical event properties and language: a visual ERP study. In: Cognitive Neuroscience Society : 23rd Annual Meeting, April 2-5, 2016, New York Hilton Midtown, New York City, New York: 2016 Annual Meeting Program. Paper presented at Cognitive Neuroscience Society : 23rd Annual Meeting, April 2-5, 2016, New York Hilton Midtown, New York City, New York (pp. 94-94). Davis, CA: Cognitive Neuroscience Society
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Event processing is affected by an interaction between actual and canonical event properties and language: a visual ERP study
2016 (English)In: Cognitive Neuroscience Society : 23rd Annual Meeting, April 2-5, 2016, New York Hilton Midtown, New York City, New York: 2016 Annual Meeting Program, Davis, CA: Cognitive Neuroscience Society , 2016, p. 94-94Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Languages differ in how events are described, but little is known about how language interacts with online event processing. To explore this question we examined placement events in Swedish. Swedish has three obligatory placement verbs, sätta, ‘set’, ställa ‘stand’, lägga, ‘lay’, and lacks a superordinate general term like English put (Gullberg & Burenhult, 2011; Viberg, 1999). Every placement event in Swedish must be labelled by one of the three verbs, whose choice depends on object properties, and the object's relationship to the ground. The current study investigates how sensitive Swedes are to the relationship between event properties and verb labels. Native speakers (N = 20, 18-35-years) watched images of a hand placing an object on a table followed by visually presented sentences that were either congruent or incongruent with the images while event-related potentials were recorded and time-locked to the placement verbs. We varied object properties such as ± base (e.g., glass/orange), spatial extension (e.g., tall/short glass), and orientation (vertical/horizontal). The three verbs were combined with each image in a cross-subject design. The results showed that, as expected, incongruent picture-verb combinations elicited an increased centro-medial N400 modulated by verb appropriateness. Congruent picture-verb combinations also elicited an N400 when objects were placed in non-canonical positions (e.g. laying a glass on its side), suggesting that native placement event processing may depend on an interaction between actual and canonical event properties and language. A follow up study presenting auditory sentences simultaneously with images will explore this hypothesis further.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Davis, CA: Cognitive Neuroscience Society, 2016
Series
Supplement of the Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, ISSN 1096-8857
Keywords
semantics, CBL, placementverbs, Swedish, ERP
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Social Sciences, Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-70858 (URN)
Conference
Cognitive Neuroscience Society : 23rd Annual Meeting, April 2-5, 2016, New York Hilton Midtown, New York City, New York
Available from: 2018-03-08 Created: 2018-03-08 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
Holmström, K. & Andersson, A. (2016). Hur påverkas ordinlärning av språkstörning och flerspråkighet?. In: ’Lyssna, förstå och lära i tid’!: Barn med språkinlärning på annorlunda villkor - aktuell forskning om kommunikation, prevention och intervention. Paper presented at ’Lyssna, förstå och lära i tid’! : Barn med språkinlärning på annorlunda villkor - aktuell forskning om kommunikation, prevention och intervention. Lund: Lund University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Hur påverkas ordinlärning av språkstörning och flerspråkighet?
2016 (English)In: ’Lyssna, förstå och lära i tid’!: Barn med språkinlärning på annorlunda villkor - aktuell forskning om kommunikation, prevention och intervention, Lund: Lund University , 2016Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Lund University, 2016
Keywords
Invited talk
National Category
Languages and Literature
Research subject
Humanities; Pedagogics and Educational Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-70865 (URN)
Conference
’Lyssna, förstå och lära i tid’! : Barn med språkinlärning på annorlunda villkor - aktuell forskning om kommunikation, prevention och intervention
Note

Filmed and published by SVT : Utbildningsradion UR

Available from: 2018-03-08 Created: 2018-03-08 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
Andersson, A. & Gullberg, M. (2016). Kan du ställa en avokado?: När det uppstår en konflikt mellan språket och vad hjärnan tycker. In: Humanist- och teologdagarna 2016: . Paper presented at Humanist- och teologdagarna 2016. Lund: Lund University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kan du ställa en avokado?: När det uppstår en konflikt mellan språket och vad hjärnan tycker
2016 (Swedish)In: Humanist- och teologdagarna 2016, Lund: Lund University , 2016Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Lund University, 2016
Keywords
UR, SVT, utbildningsradion, placementverbs, Swedish
National Category
Languages and Literature
Research subject
Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-70860 (URN)
Conference
Humanist- och teologdagarna 2016
Note

Oral presentation at Lund Universitiy Humanities Day, Filmed by SVT : Utbildningsradion UR samtiden

Available from: 2018-03-08 Created: 2018-03-08 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
Andersson, A., Sayehli, S. & Gullberg, M. (2015). Ditt förstaspråks grammatik påverkar hur din hjärna bearbetar dina andraspråk. In: Grammatikdagen 2015, Lund: . Paper presented at Grammatikdagen 2015, Lund.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ditt förstaspråks grammatik påverkar hur din hjärna bearbetar dina andraspråk
2015 (Swedish)In: Grammatikdagen 2015, Lund, 2015Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Neurokognitiva studier av hjärnans bearbetning av första- och andraspråksgrammatik relaterar skillnader till inlärningsålder och andraspråksfärdighet. Dessa studier undersöker typiskt inte hur skillnader och likheter i språkens strukturer påverkar bearbetningen. Vi utforskade hur andraspråkstalare med goda språkfärdigheter i Svenska bearbetade svenskans verbplacering beroende på om deras första språk hade samma verbplacering som svenskan (tyska) eller inte (engelska). Denna studie visar att hjärnans bearbetning av ett andra språk inte kan begränsas till en diskussion om ålder vid inlärande eller språkfärdighet.

National Category
Languages and Literature
Research subject
Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-70874 (URN)
Conference
Grammatikdagen 2015, Lund
Available from: 2018-03-08 Created: 2018-03-08 Last updated: 2018-03-12Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-6731-1522

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