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Iqbal, S. (2023). Artificial Intelligence Tools and Applications for Elderly Healthcare: Review. In: ICCAI '23: Proceedings of the 2023 9th International Conference on Computing and Artificial Intelligence: . Paper presented at ICCAI 23: Proceedings of the 2023 9th International Conference on Computing and Artificial Intelligence, March 17–20, 2023, Tianjin, China. (pp. 394-397). ACM Publications
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Artificial Intelligence Tools and Applications for Elderly Healthcare: Review
2023 (English)In: ICCAI '23: Proceedings of the 2023 9th International Conference on Computing and Artificial Intelligence, ACM Publications, 2023, , p. 4p. 394-397Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This study attempts to capture a holistic view of the Artificial Intelligence (AI) tools and applications for elderly healthcare to understand the impact of information and communication technologies on the quality of life for elderly people. The empirical material is collected through a literature review. Machine learning (ML), Natural language processing (NLP), Deep learning models, diagnosis and treatment applications, administrative applications, and Internet of things (IOT) are considered as the important technologies used for AI-based elderly healthcare solutions. This research work contributes to the existing literature by extracting important themes from reviewed literature such as Smart homes for elderly, AI-based health monitoring technologies, wearable devices, gamification technologies in elderly care, Robotic systems, AI for privacy protection of elderly app users and Ethical aspects of AI technologies for elderly. Additionally, a general scarcity of research on the topics of privacy protection and ethical aspects of AI technologies for elderly and healthcare personnel is noticed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ACM Publications, 2023. p. 4
Keywords
AI, Healthcare, Elderly, Digital transformation
National Category
Computer Systems
Research subject
Computer and Information Sciences Computer Science; Computer and Information Sciences Computer Science, Information Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-123428 (URN)10.1145/3594315.3594347 (DOI)2-s2.0-85168245262 (Scopus ID)9781450399029 (ISBN)
Conference
ICCAI 23: Proceedings of the 2023 9th International Conference on Computing and Artificial Intelligence, March 17–20, 2023, Tianjin, China.
Available from: 2023-08-03 Created: 2023-08-03 Last updated: 2024-01-18Bibliographically approved
Magnusson, L. & Iqbal, S. (2023). Post-Mortem of Mega Hacks: Signifying the Need for a Systemic Enterprise View on Information Security. In: 2023 7th International Conference on Cryptography, Security and Privacy (CSP): Tianjin, China, 21-23 April. Paper presented at 2023 7th International Conference on Cryptography, Security and Privacy (CSP), Tianjin, China, 21-23 April (pp. 41-46). IEEE
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Post-Mortem of Mega Hacks: Signifying the Need for a Systemic Enterprise View on Information Security
2023 (English)In: 2023 7th International Conference on Cryptography, Security and Privacy (CSP): Tianjin, China, 21-23 April, IEEE, 2023, p. 41-46Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Once, system thinking was about singular systems. Today we exist in a far more complex world, with systems interacting with systems, directly or indirectly. Information security, therefore, must involve all systems in the chain. New legal European regulations such as Guidelines for Data Protection Regulation demand that the ICT/IT world must include systems outside the organizational border to be involved and accounted for under enterprise information security umbrella. Recent mega hacks analyzed in this article point to the fact that a systems thinking perspective is needed to create modern governance, risk, and compliance security model framework. This research work puts forth a conceptual model based on Viable System Model appropriate for a major global information security restructuring. A motive for VSM is grounded in that it works fine with securing modern laws like GDPR and CCPA in supporting a needed enterprise perspective.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE, 2023
Keywords
agility, mega hack, governance, information security, system thinking
National Category
Information Systems
Research subject
Computer and Information Sciences Computer Science, Information Systems; Computer and Information Sciences Computer Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-124125 (URN)10.1109/CSP58884.2023.00014 (DOI)2-s2.0-85173127269 (Scopus ID)9798350323368 (ISBN)9798350323375 (ISBN)
Conference
2023 7th International Conference on Cryptography, Security and Privacy (CSP), Tianjin, China, 21-23 April
Available from: 2023-09-07 Created: 2023-09-07 Last updated: 2024-01-18Bibliographically approved
Iqbal, S. (2022). Analyzing Initial Design Theory Components for Developing Information Security Laboratories. In: Proceedings of 2022 6th International Conference on Cryptography,Security and Privacy (CSP): . Paper presented at 2022 6th International Conference on Cryptography, Security and Privacy (CSP), 14-16 January, 2022, Tianjin, China (pp. 36-40). IEEE
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Analyzing Initial Design Theory Components for Developing Information Security Laboratories
2022 (English)In: Proceedings of 2022 6th International Conference on Cryptography,Security and Privacy (CSP), IEEE, 2022, p. 36-40Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Online information security labs intended for training and facilitating hands-on learning for distance students at master’s level are not easy to develop and administer. This research focuses on analyzing the results of a DSR project for design, development, and implementation of an InfoSec lab. This research work contributes to the existing research by putting forth an initial outline of a generalized model for design theory for InfoSec labs aimed at hands-on education of students in the field of information security. The anatomy of design theory framework is used to analyze the necessary components of the anticipated design theory for InfoSec labs in future.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE, 2022
Keywords
infosec lab, design Theory, action design research
National Category
Computer and Information Sciences
Research subject
Computer and Information Sciences Computer Science, Information Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-115733 (URN)10.1109/CSP55486.2022.00015 (DOI)2-s2.0-85137507246 (Scopus ID)9781665479752 (ISBN)
Conference
2022 6th International Conference on Cryptography, Security and Privacy (CSP), 14-16 January, 2022, Tianjin, China
Available from: 2022-08-12 Created: 2022-08-12 Last updated: 2022-11-16Bibliographically approved
Kadhim, D. A., Iqbal, S. & Jokela, P. (2022). Electronic Health Records: Non-Swedish Speaking Refugee’s Perspective. In: Peter Bath, Päivi Jokela and Laura Sbaffi (Ed.), Proceedings of the 18th International Symposium on Health Information Management Research: Kalmar, Sweden (Oneline) 17-18 October 2020. Paper presented at International Symposium on Health Information Management Research, ISHIMR 2020, Kalmar, Sweden (Oneline) 17-18 October 2020. Linnaeus University Press, 2020
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Electronic Health Records: Non-Swedish Speaking Refugee’s Perspective
2022 (English)In: Proceedings of the 18th International Symposium on Health Information Management Research: Kalmar, Sweden (Oneline) 17-18 October 2020 / [ed] Peter Bath, Päivi Jokela and Laura Sbaffi, Linnaeus University Press , 2022, Vol. 2020Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Electronic health record (EHR) is a ubiquitous e-health tool that includes both Electronic Medical Record (EMR) and personal health record (PHR). EHR is aimed to be a versatile digital tool that can benefit both caregivers and patients through Quick and easy access to medical information at any time from hospitals or primary care units. However, the fact that the bulk of core records, including self- service data for patients, is only available in Swedish may limit the scope, availability and feasibility of self service through EHRs access for refugee patients who are non-Swedish speakers. Research results suggest that the EHRs should be meaningful, modified, and improved based on patient’s needs, by actively involving patients in their healthcare. The issues diagnosed in this research work such as EHR an information sharing communication System, lack of Information about using EHR, language barrier a hinderance in using EHRs, EHRs as medical recommendation system, better instructions about EHRs, presenting medical information in diagnosis part in EHRs in other languages and presenting medical information in diagnosis part in EHRs by sound are very important to address non-Swedish speaking refugee patients’ needs to use and benefit from EHRs. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linnaeus University Press, 2022
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Research subject
Computer and Information Sciences Computer Science, Computer Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-102348 (URN)10.15626/ishimr.2020.16 (DOI)9789189081093 (ISBN)
Conference
International Symposium on Health Information Management Research, ISHIMR 2020, Kalmar, Sweden (Oneline) 17-18 October 2020
Available from: 2021-04-19 Created: 2021-04-19 Last updated: 2022-05-04Bibliographically approved
Iqbal, S. & Jokela, P. (2022). Exploring Smart Watch Ecosystem Value Co-creation Experience: A Qualitative Case Study. In: The Eighth International Conference on Smart Portable, Wearable, Implantableand Disability-oriented Devices and Systems: June 26th –30th, 2022. Paper presented at SPWID 2022 : The Eighth International Conference on Smart Portable, Wearable, Implantable and Disability-oriented Devices and Systems, June 26th –30th, 2022 (pp. 1-7). International Academy, Research and Industry Association (IARIA)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exploring Smart Watch Ecosystem Value Co-creation Experience: A Qualitative Case Study
2022 (English)In: The Eighth International Conference on Smart Portable, Wearable, Implantableand Disability-oriented Devices and Systems: June 26th –30th, 2022, International Academy, Research and Industry Association (IARIA), 2022, p. 1-7Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Internet of Things (IoT) is a technology paradigm comprising physical objects such as smart watches embedded with sensors, software, and networking technologies that are used to connect and exchange data with other devices such as smart phones and systems over the Internet. Smart watches and other wearables are emerging at a rapid speed, and they have engaged the users in redefining their interaction with mobile and pervasive technologies by creating an ecosystem of relevant devices. This research work focused on the issue of value co-creation and better understanding of smart watch consumer’s adoption and appropriation process which can highlight the factors motivating or demotivating the consumers to use the smart watches to achieve different objectives. Through a qualitative research method, empirical data was collected by observation, written questionnaire, and interviews. Using a thematic analysis scheme, the following four themes were generated from the collected data: (1) Getting motivated and maintaining motivation, (2) Usefulness – value-in-use and value-in context, (3) Technical issues with smart watch resources, and (4) Information security and privacy concerns about smart technologies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
International Academy, Research and Industry Association (IARIA), 2022
Keywords
Internet of Things; smart watch; ecosystem; value co-creation; service dominant logic.
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects Health Sciences
Research subject
Computer and Information Sciences Computer Science, Information Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-115652 (URN)9781612089638 (ISBN)
Conference
SPWID 2022 : The Eighth International Conference on Smart Portable, Wearable, Implantable and Disability-oriented Devices and Systems, June 26th –30th, 2022
Available from: 2022-08-03 Created: 2022-08-03 Last updated: 2022-08-18Bibliographically approved
Ostheimer, J., Chowdhury, S. & Iqbal, S. (2021). An alliance of humans and machines for machine learning: Hybrid intelligent systems and their design principles. Technology in society, 66, Article ID 101647.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>An alliance of humans and machines for machine learning: Hybrid intelligent systems and their design principles
2021 (English)In: Technology in society, ISSN 0160-791X, E-ISSN 1879-3274, Vol. 66, article id 101647Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

With the growing number of applications of artificial intelligence such as autonomous cars or smart industrial equipment, the inaccuracy of utilized machine learning algorithms could lead to catastrophic outcomes. Human-in-the-loop computing combines human and machine intelligence resulting in a hybrid intelligence of complementary strengths. Whereas machines are unbeatable in logic and computation speed, humans are contributing with their creative and dynamic minds. Hybrid intelligent systems are necessary to achieve high accuracy and reliability of machine learning algorithms. In a design science research project with a Swedish manufacturing company, this paper presents an application of human-in-the-loop computing to make operational processes more efficient. While conceptualizing a Smart Power Distribution for electric industrial equipment, this research presents a set of principles to design machine-learning algorithms for hybrid intelligence. From being AI-ready as an organization to clearly focusing on the customer benefits of a hybrid intelligent system, designers need to build and strengthen the trust in the human-AI relationship to make future applications successful and reliable. With the growing trends of technological advancements and incorporation of artificial intelligence in more and more applications, the alliance of humans and machines have become even more crucial.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2021
Keywords
Hybrid intelligence, Human-in-the-loop (HITL) computing, Design principles, Design science research, Machine learning, Artificial intelligence
National Category
Information Systems
Research subject
Computer and Information Sciences Computer Science, Information Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-105645 (URN)10.1016/j.techsoc.2021.101647 (DOI)000687240300009 ()2-s2.0-85109353683 (Scopus ID)2021 (Local ID)2021 (Archive number)2021 (OAI)
Available from: 2021-06-30 Created: 2021-06-30 Last updated: 2021-09-03Bibliographically approved
Poelman, M. & Iqbal, S. (2021). Investigating the Compliance of the GDPR: Processing Personal Data On A Blockchain. In: Proceedings of 2021 IEEE 5th International Conference on Cryptography, Security and Privacy (CSP 2021): January 8-10, 2021, Zhuhai, China. Paper presented at IEEE 5th International Conference on Cryptography, Security and Privacy (CSP 2021) January 8-10, 2021, Zhuhai, China (pp. 38-44). IEEE
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Investigating the Compliance of the GDPR: Processing Personal Data On A Blockchain
2021 (English)In: Proceedings of 2021 IEEE 5th International Conference on Cryptography, Security and Privacy (CSP 2021): January 8-10, 2021, Zhuhai, China, IEEE, 2021, p. 38-44Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Blockchain is a relatively new technology which needs to comply with the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) when processing personal data. In this study, the researchers focus on the issue of whether or not a blockchain that processes personal data can comply with the GDPR. Subsequently, it is important to discuss the advantages and disadvantages of using a blockchain from a civilian’s point of view, since it is their personal data that will be processed. Finally, the results of a literature research and multiple interviews, show that there is no unequivocal answer to the compliancy issue regarding blockchains. This study contributes by extending the ongoing discussion on the topic of GDPR compliance on blockchain by showing that two different tendencies exist: purists and fundamentalists. Purists believe that public blockchains are the only ‘real’ blockchains and because of the characteristics those possess, it can never comply with the GDPR. Furthermore, all technical measures that try to comply with the principles of the GDPR will compromise the very existence of that blockchain. On the other hand, fundamentalists argue that it is possible to take certain technical measures to meet the requirements of the GDPR and these will not jeopardize the blockchain.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE, 2021
National Category
Computer and Information Sciences
Research subject
Computer and Information Sciences Computer Science, Information Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-101734 (URN)10.1109/CSP51677.2021.9357590 (DOI)000670601800007 ()2-s2.0-85102518691 (Scopus ID)9781728186207 (ISBN)9781728186214 (ISBN)9781728186221 (ISBN)
Conference
IEEE 5th International Conference on Cryptography, Security and Privacy (CSP 2021) January 8-10, 2021, Zhuhai, China
Available from: 2021-03-25 Created: 2021-03-25 Last updated: 2021-07-30Bibliographically approved
Iqbal, S., Jokela, P., Hammar, T. & Nilsson, A.-L. (2021). Sustainable Healthcare Systems: A holistic perspective on the use and impact of medication management robots in home healthcare. Scandinavian Journal of Information Systems, 33(2), 181-214, Article ID 6.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sustainable Healthcare Systems: A holistic perspective on the use and impact of medication management robots in home healthcare
2021 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Information Systems, ISSN 0905-0167, E-ISSN 1901-0990, Vol. 33, no 2, p. 181-214, article id 6Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study focuses on medication management robotic system (MMR) in home health care, which is part of a complex medication management system that in addition to patients, their families, care personnel, municipal health and social care managers, and technology also includes prescribers and dispensing pharmacies. Successful medication management requires communication, coordination and effective information sharing among the network actors and across different settings. Information ecology perspective is used to describe and understand the whole system, the network of people, technology, and information systems, as well as the impact of MMR system on patients and caregivers’ relationships, roles, and responsibilities. This qualitative case study aimed to explore the impact of implementation and deployment of MMR system, as part of a pilot project in municipal eldercare in the south of Sweden. This research work elucidates the holistic perspective of medication management system for home care services, and highlights the processes and situational complexities, as well as the role of the personnel and key stakeholders involved in these processes. This research work is in line with UN’s sustainable development goals to develop a reliable, sustainable and resilient regional infrastructure, to support human well-being, with a focus on affordable and equitable access for all.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Association for Information Systems, 2021
Keywords
medication management robot, elderly care, medicine dispenser, home healthcare
National Category
Information Systems
Research subject
Computer and Information Sciences Computer Science, Information Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-108792 (URN)2-s2.0-85127402063 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2022-01-04 Created: 2022-01-04 Last updated: 2023-04-17Bibliographically approved
Esposito, S., Stojadinovic, B., Babic, A., Dolsek, M., Iqbal, S., Selva, J., . . . Giardini, D. (2020). Risk-Based Multilevel Methodology to Stress Test Critical Infrastructure Systems. Journal of Infrastructure Systems, 26(1), Article ID 04019035.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Risk-Based Multilevel Methodology to Stress Test Critical Infrastructure Systems
Show others...
2020 (English)In: Journal of Infrastructure Systems, ISSN 1076-0342, E-ISSN 1943-555X, Vol. 26, no 1, article id 04019035Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Making communities safer requires better tools to identify, quantify, and manage risks. Among the most important tools are stress tests, originally designed to test the risk posed by nuclear power plants. A complementary harmonized multilevel stress test for nonnuclear civil infrastructure systems against natural hazards is proposed. Each stress test level is characterized by a different scope and a different level of risk analysis complexity to suit different civil infrastructure systems, different hazards, and different risks. The stress test consists of the following phases. First, the goals and the methods for the risk analysis are defined. The test is then performed at the component and system levels, followed by a verification of the findings. A penalty system is defined to adjust the output of the risk assessment according to the limitations of the risk analysis methods used. The adjusted risk assessment results are then passed to a grading system to determine the outcome of the stress test. Finally, the risk assessment results are reported, and the stress test outcomes are communicated to stakeholders and authorities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), 2020
Keywords
Critical infrastructure systems, Stress test, Natural hazards, Multilevel, Penalty system, Grading system
National Category
Information Systems
Research subject
Computer and Information Sciences Computer Science, Information Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-103173 (URN)10.1061/(ASCE)IS.1943-555X.0000520 (DOI)000507633100018 ()2-s2.0-85076888524 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2021-05-11 Created: 2021-05-11 Last updated: 2021-05-11Bibliographically approved
Iqbal, S. (2019). Employing action design research for designing course and laboratory to teach web management in mixed classroom. In: Jens Kaasbøll, Anh Nguyen Duc,Tom Roar Eikebrokk,Trond Vegard Johannesen,Anniken Karlsen,Pieter Jelle Toussaint (Ed.), Proceedings from the annual NOKOBIT conference held in Narvik 26-27 November 2019: . Paper presented at Norsk Konferanse om Organisasjoners Bruk av IT (NOKOBIT), Narvik 26-27 November 2019. , 27
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Employing action design research for designing course and laboratory to teach web management in mixed classroom
2019 (English)In: Proceedings from the annual NOKOBIT conference held in Narvik 26-27 November 2019 / [ed] Jens Kaasbøll, Anh Nguyen Duc,Tom Roar Eikebrokk,Trond Vegard Johannesen,Anniken Karlsen,Pieter Jelle Toussaint, 2019, Vol. 27Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Due to the boom in the web industry and growing trends in online shopping, there is an increase in the demand for skilled work force to develop and manage the usable interactive web sites and web content for several companies across the world. Many students want to equip themselves with required web development knowledge by participating in courses from distance. Information and communication technologies (ICT) based on internet have opened up new potentials in higher education. To keep up with the influx of students several universities offer some coursework online and some have converted complete programs of study in order to make them entirely available online to campus as well as distance students (including professionals) at the same time. Distance education always have unique requirements. In this article, I reported the design of a course and an online lab for web development and management based on initial design principles derived from kernel theories such as Conversational Framework, Constructive Alignment and Personalized System of Instruction. The overall research was conducted using the action design research approach. The iterative cycles and critical reflections during the building, intervention and evaluation process helped to refine the initial design principles. The study contributes to the researchers and practitioners community by providing design principles and an online Lab model that utilizes state-of-the art technology for mixed classrooms.

Series
NOKOBIT - Norsk konferanse for organisasjoners bruk av informasjonsteknologi, ISSN 1892-0748, E-ISSN 1894-7719
Keywords
Web management, Action design research, Online Lab
National Category
Information Systems
Research subject
Computer and Information Sciences Computer Science, Information Systems; Computer and Information Sciences Computer Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-93592 (URN)
Conference
Norsk Konferanse om Organisasjoners Bruk av IT (NOKOBIT), Narvik 26-27 November 2019
Available from: 2020-04-17 Created: 2020-04-17 Last updated: 2020-04-20Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-4437-8297

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