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Blomberg, Frida
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Publications (10 of 16) Show all publications
Blomberg, F. (2017). Ordens förhållande till sinnena. In: Henrik Rahm (Ed.), Årsbok 2017: Vetenskapssocieteten i Lund (pp. 5-21). Lund: Vetenskapssocieteten i Lund
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ordens förhållande till sinnena
2017 (Swedish)In: Årsbok 2017: Vetenskapssocieteten i Lund / [ed] Henrik Rahm, Lund: Vetenskapssocieteten i Lund , 2017, p. 5-21Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Vetenskapssocieteten i Lund, 2017
Series
Vetenskapssocieteten i Lund / Årsbok, ISSN 0349-053X ; 2017
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject
Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-78166 (URN)978-91-980551-8-4 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-01-17 Created: 2019-01-17 Last updated: 2019-04-04Bibliographically approved
Blomberg, F. (2016). Concreteness, Specificity and Emotional Content in Swedish Nouns: Neurocognitive Studies of Word Meaning. (Doctoral dissertation). Paper presented at - Lund. Lund: Lund University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Concreteness, Specificity and Emotional Content in Swedish Nouns: Neurocognitive Studies of Word Meaning
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The present thesis investigated Swedish nouns differing in concreteness, specificity and emotional content using linguistic, psycholinguistic and neurolinguistic methods. The focus of Paper I was a semantic analysis of discourse produced by a person with a lesion in visual (left occipital) cortex. The results showed that the lesion site was related to with problems processing concrete nouns related to visual semantic features, as well as nouns with high semantic specificity. Paper II compared Swedish ratings of the cognitive psychological parameters imageability, age of acquisition and familiarity to English ratings, showing correlations indicating that ratings can be transferred between the two languages. Suggestions for constructing a Swedish psycholinguistic database were also outlined. In Paper III, four noun categories differing in specificity and emotional arousal (SPECIFIC, GENERAL, EMOTIONAL, ABSTRACT) were compared using a dichotic listening paradigm and a concrete/abstract categorisation task. EMOTIONAL nouns were shown to be processed faster than the other noun categories when presented in the left ear, possibly indicating more right hemisphere involvement. In Paper IV, PSEUDOWORDS as well as SPECIFIC, GENERAL, EMOTIONAL and ABSTRACT nouns were compared during lexical decision and imageability rating tasks using electroencephalography (EEG), targeting the event-related potentials (ERPs) N400 and N700, previously shown to be modulated by concreteness. On the assumption that abstract nouns have a larger number of lexical associates than more concrete nouns, N400 amplitudes were predicted to be smaller for abstract nouns than for concrete nouns. This prediction was supported by the results. Notably, even SPECIFIC and GENERAL nouns were observed to elicit different N400 amplitudes, in accordance with their hierarchical relationship in lexical semantic models. Bringing together theories and methods from linguistics, cognitive psychology and neuroscience, the present interdisciplinary thesis provides insights into word semantics as regards differences related to the cognitive dimension of concreteness and its relation to sensory and emotional meaning features.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Lund University, 2016. p. 87
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject
Humanities, Linguistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-78164 (URN)978-91-87833-75-5 (ISBN)978-91-87833-76-2 (ISBN)
Conference
- Lund
Available from: 2018-10-10 Created: 2018-10-10 Last updated: 2019-01-17Bibliographically approved
Blomberg, F., Roll, M., Lindgren, M. & Horne, M. (2016). Lexical specificity, imageability and emotional arousal modulate the N400 and the N700. In: 8th Annual Meeting of the Society for the Neurobiology of Language. SNL 2016: Abstracts. Paper presented at 8th Annual Meeting of the Society for the Neurobiology of Language. SNL 2016. Aug 17-20, London, UK (pp. 207-207).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Lexical specificity, imageability and emotional arousal modulate the N400 and the N700
2016 (English)In: 8th Annual Meeting of the Society for the Neurobiology of Language. SNL 2016: Abstracts, 2016, p. 207-207Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Introduction: The event-related potential (ERP) componentN400 as well as a later effect, often labeled ‘N700’ haverepeatedly been shown to increase for concrete as compared to abstract words (Barber, Otten, Kousta, & Vigliocco, 2013; Gullick, Mitra, & Coch, 2013; Kounios & Holcomb, 1994; Nittono, Suehiro, & Hori, 2002; West & Holcomb, 2000). In addition, pseudowords elicit greater N400s than real words (Lau, Phillips, & Poeppel, 2008). Previous interpretations of the N400 as indexing contextual integration or alternatively, activation of semantic features in long-term memory, do notfully explain the combination of these differences. The present study compared ERPs in the N400 and N700 time-windows for PSEUDOWORDS (e.g. ‘danalod’) and four noun categories differing in specificity and imageability: (SPECIFIC, e.g. ‘squirrel’, GENERAL, e.g. ‘animal’, EMOTIONAL, e.g. ‘happiness’ and ABSTRACT, e.g. ‘tendency’).

Methods: EEGwas recorded from 32 scalp electrodes and response times were measured while 35 healthy, right-handed native Swedish speakers (age 20-37) performed an imageability rating (IR) task and a lexical decision (LD) task. The stimuli were 160 written nouns, 40 each of the above-mentioned semantic categories, and 160 phonologically legal pseudowords. Statistical comparisons of ERPs in the N400 (300-500 ms post-stimulus onset) and N700 (500-800 ms post-stimulus onset) time-windows were carried out using within-subjects ANOVAs.

Results: In the LD task, N400 amplitudes increasedin the order EMOTIONAL < ABSTRACT < GENERAL < SPECIFIC < PSEUDOWORD. A largely similar pattern wasfound in the IR task as well as in the N700 time-window ofboth tasks. N400 and N700 effects were found for SPECIFIC-GENERAL test words also when they were matched for imageability, indicating that something other than imageabilityper se was driving the effects.

Conclusion: The pattern of ERPamplitudes seen in the present study could be explained by a model which assumes that words with larger numbers of associated words in the mental lexicon yield smaller N400s, for example abstract as compared to concrete words and real words as compared to pseudowords. The fact that N400 andN700 effects were found for SPECIFIC-GENERAL test wordseven when they were matched for imageability indicates that other factors, possibly related to hierarchical semantic relationsbetween concrete noun categories, drive the effect. In line withthe suggested model, this might be explained by superordinate GENERAL nouns having a larger number of lexical associates than SPECIFIC nouns.

References:

Barber, H. A., Otten, L. J., Kousta, S.-T., & Vigliocco, G. (2013). Brain and Language, 125(1), 47–53.

Gullick, M. M., Mitra, P., & Coch, D. (2013). Psychophysiology, 50(5), 431–440.

Kounios, J., & Holcomb, P. J. (1994). Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 20(4), 804–823.

Lau, E. F., Phillips, C., & Poeppel, D. (2008). Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 9(12), 920–933.

Nittono, H., Suehiro, M., & Hori, T. (2002). International Journal of Psychophysiology, 1–11.

West, W. C., & Holcomb, P. J. (2000). Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 12(6), 1024–1037.

National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject
Humanities, Linguistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-78160 (URN)
Conference
8th Annual Meeting of the Society for the Neurobiology of Language. SNL 2016. Aug 17-20, London, UK
Available from: 2019-01-17 Created: 2019-01-17 Last updated: 2019-02-05Bibliographically approved
Blomberg, F., Roll, M., Lindgren, M., Brännström, J. & Horne, M. (2015). Emotional arousal and lexical specificity modulate response times differently depending on ear of presentation in a dichotic listening task. The Mental Lexicon, 10(2), 221-246, Article ID b22084c6-6fa2-4de7-9c0b-41f497a9e5a4.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Emotional arousal and lexical specificity modulate response times differently depending on ear of presentation in a dichotic listening task
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2015 (English)In: The Mental Lexicon, ISSN 1871-1340, E-ISSN 1871-1375, Vol. 10, no 2, p. 221-246, article id b22084c6-6fa2-4de7-9c0b-41f497a9e5a4Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We investigated possible hemispheric differences in the processing of four different lexical semantic categories: SPECIFIC (e.g. bird), GENERAL (e.g. animal), ABSTRACT (e.g. advice), and EMOTIONAL (e.g. love). These wordtypes were compared using a dichotic listening paradigm and a semantic category classification task. Response times (RTs) were measured when participants classified testwords as concrete or abstract. In line with previous findings, words were expected to be processed faster following right-ear presentation. However, lexical specificity and emotional arousal were predicted to modulate response times differently depending on the ear of presentation. For left-ear presentation, relatively faster RTs were predicted for SPECIFIC and EMOTIONAL words as opposed to GENERAL and ABSTRACT words. An interaction of ear and wordtype was found. For right-ear presentation, RTs increased as testwords’ imageability decreased along the span SPECIFIC–GENERAL–EMOTIONAL–ABSTRACT. In contrast, for left ear presentation, EMOTIONAL words were processed fastest, while SPECIFIC words gave rise to long RTs on par with those for ABSTRACT words. Thus, the prediction for EMOTIONAL words presented in the left ear was borne out, whereas the prediction for SPECIFIC words was not. This might be related to previously found differences in processing of stimuli at a global or local level.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2015
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject
Humanities, Linguistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-78162 (URN)10.1075/ml.10.2.03blo (DOI)2-s2.0-84941347489 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-01-17 Created: 2019-01-17 Last updated: 2019-08-29Bibliographically approved
Blomberg, F. & Öberg, C. (2015). Swedish and English word ratings of imageability, familiarity and age of acquisition are highly correlated. Nordic Journal of Linguistics, 38(3), 351-364
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Swedish and English word ratings of imageability, familiarity and age of acquisition are highly correlated
2015 (English)In: Nordic Journal of Linguistics, ISSN 0332-5865, E-ISSN 1502-4717, Vol. 38, no 3, p. 351-364Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

At present, there is no comprehensive psycholinguistic database containing Swedish words with ratings of word properties such as e.g. imageability, although researchers carrying out psycholinguistic studies in Swedish face the need to be able to control for and systematically vary such properties. The present study addressed this issue by investigating the possibility of transferring English word ratings to Swedish. Imageability, familiarity and age of acquisition (AoA) ratings were obtained for a sample of Swedish words (N = 99). These ratings were then compared with the corresponding English ratings from the Medical Research Council (MRC) Psycholinguistic Database (Coltheart 1981) using Spearman correlation. Swedish and English word ratings were found to be highly correlated for imageability and AoA, and moderately correlated for familiarity. Following these results, we suggest that, in general, ratings of these variables can be reliably transferred between the two languages, although some caution should be taken, since for some individual words, some ratings might differ substantially for their Swedish and English translations.

Keywords
word ratings, Swedish, English, imageability, age of acquisition, familiarity, psycholinguistics, lexical database construction
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject
Humanities, Linguistics; Humanities, Swedish; Humanities, English
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-78163 (URN)10.1017/S0332586515000220 (DOI)2-s2.0-84949191407 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-01-17 Created: 2019-01-17 Last updated: 2019-08-29Bibliographically approved
Mårtensson, F., Roll, M., Lindgren, M., Brännström, J. & Horne, M. (2014). Dichotic listening with specific, general, abstract and emotional words: semantic judgments and reaction times. In: The Ninth International Conference on the Mental Lexicon: September 30th-October 2nd, 2014. Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario. Paper presented at The Ninth International Conference on the Mental Lexicon : September 30th-October 2nd, 2014. Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario (pp. 78-78). Brock University & McMaster University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Dichotic listening with specific, general, abstract and emotional words: semantic judgments and reaction times
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2014 (English)In: The Ninth International Conference on the Mental Lexicon: September 30th-October 2nd, 2014. Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario, Brock University & McMaster University , 2014, p. 78-78Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Brock University & McMaster University, 2014
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject
Humanities, Linguistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-78159 (URN)
Conference
The Ninth International Conference on the Mental Lexicon : September 30th-October 2nd, 2014. Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario
Available from: 2019-01-17 Created: 2019-01-17 Last updated: 2019-02-04Bibliographically approved
Mårtensson, F., Roll, M., Lindgren, M., Apt, P. & Horne, M. (2014). Sensory-specific anomic aphasia following left occipital lesions: Data from free oral descriptions of concrete word meanings. Neurocase, 20(2), 192-207
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sensory-specific anomic aphasia following left occipital lesions: Data from free oral descriptions of concrete word meanings
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2014 (English)In: Neurocase, ISSN 1355-4794, E-ISSN 1465-3656, Vol. 20, no 2, p. 192-207Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The present study investigated hierarchical lexical semantic structure in oral descriptions of concrete word meanings produced by a subject (ZZ) diagnosed with anomic aphasia due to left occipital lesions. The focus of the analysis was production of a) nouns at different levels of semantic specificity (e.g., "robin"-"bird"-"animal") and b) words describing sensory or motor experiences (e.g., "blue," "soft," "fly"). Results show that in contrast to healthy and aphasic controls, who produced words at all levels of specificity and mainly vision-related sensory information, ZZ produced almost exclusively nouns at the most non-specific levels and words associated with sound and movement.

Keywords
Concrete words, Abstract words, Sensory features, Anomic aphasia, Occipital lesion, Semantic specificity, Lexical semantic hierarchy, Visual information
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject
Humanities, Linguistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-78161 (URN)10.1080/13554794.2012.741258 (DOI)2-s2.0-84890439005 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-01-17 Created: 2019-01-17 Last updated: 2019-08-29Bibliographically approved
Mårtensson, F., Roll, M., Lindgren, M., Apt, P. & Horne, M. (2013). Sensory-specific anomic aphasia following left occipital lesions: data from free oral descriptions of concrete word meanings. In: The Scandinavian Association for Language and Cognition. SALC IV, June 12-14, 2013. University of Eastern Finland, Joensuu: Abstracts of the presentations. May 14, 2013. Paper presented at The Scandinavian Association for Language and Cognition. SALC IV, June 12-14, 2013. University of Eastern Finland, Joensuu : Abstracts of the presentations. May 14, 2013. Joensuu: University of Eastern Finland
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sensory-specific anomic aphasia following left occipital lesions: data from free oral descriptions of concrete word meanings
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2013 (English)In: The Scandinavian Association for Language and Cognition. SALC IV, June 12-14, 2013. University of Eastern Finland, Joensuu: Abstracts of the presentations. May 14, 2013, Joensuu: University of Eastern Finland , 2013Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Nouns with a high degree of semantic specificity (e.g., ‘robin’) can be assumed to be more closelyrelated to sensory information as opposed to more non-specific nouns belonging to the same lexicalsemantic hierarchy (e.g., ‘animal’) (Rosch, 1978). As the majority of concrete nouns denote thingsthat can be experienced visually, activation of visual information might be necessary for concrete noun processing, in which case damage to visual (occipital) cortex might selectively affect morespecific nouns. Supporting this idea, nouns (e.g., ’table’) and verbs (e.g., ’kick’) have been found toactivate brain regions involved in experiencing their referred objects and actions (Pulvermüller & Fadiga 2010).

Individuals with lesions in visual brain areas have previously been shown to have difficulties accessing words related to the visual modality (Manning 2000; Gainotti 2004). In these studies, the focus has been on comparing different modes of presentation (e.g., visual/tactile/verbal). However, it could further be hypothesised that when visual areas are damaged, the degree of visual semantic content would also affect performance.

The present study investigated hierarchical lexical semantic structure in free oral descriptions of concrete word meanings produced by a subject (ZZ) diagnosed with anomic aphasia due to left occipital lesions. The focus of the analysis was production of a) nouns at different levels of semanticspecificity (e.g. ‘robin’–‘bird’–‘animal’) and b) words describing sensory or motor experiences (e.g. ‘blue’, ‘soft’, ‘fly’).

Results showed that in contrast to healthy and aphasic controls, who produced words at all levels of specificity and mainly vision-related sensory information, ZZ produced almost exclusively nouns at the most non-specific levels and words associated with sound and movement, suggesting that his anomia is sensory-specific and dependent on the modality of the semantic content of words.

References

Crutch, S.J. & Warrington, E.K. (2008). Contrasting patterns of comprehension for superordinate, basic level, and subordinate names in semantic dementia and aphasic stroke patients. Cognitive Neuropsychology 25(4), 582-600.

Gainotti, G. (2004). A metanalysis of impaired and spared naming for different categories of knowledge in patients with a visuo-verbal disconnection. Neuropsychologia 42, 299-319.

Manning, L. (2000). Loss of visual imagery and defective recognition of parts of wholes in optic aphasia.NeuroCase 6 (2), 111-128.

Rosch, E. (1978). Principles of categorization. In: Rosch, Eleanor and Barbara B. Lloyd, eds., Cognition and Categorization. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, pp. 27-48.

Pulvermüller, F. & Fadiga, L. (2010). Active perception: sensorimotor circuits as a cortical basis for language. Nature Reviews Neuroscience 11, 351-360.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Joensuu: University of Eastern Finland, 2013
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject
Humanities, Linguistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-78157 (URN)
Conference
The Scandinavian Association for Language and Cognition. SALC IV, June 12-14, 2013. University of Eastern Finland, Joensuu : Abstracts of the presentations. May 14, 2013
Available from: 2019-01-17 Created: 2019-01-17 Last updated: 2019-02-04Bibliographically approved
Johansson, V., Andersson, A., Horne, M., Mårtensson, F., Roll, M., Strandviken, T. & Sayehli, S. (2013). Språk och hjärna (1ed.). In: Victoria Johansson, Gerd Carling & Arthur Holmer (Ed.), Språket, människan och världen: människans språk 1-2 (pp. 225-241). Lund: Studentlitteratur AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Språk och hjärna
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2013 (English)In: Språket, människan och världen: människans språk 1-2 / [ed] Victoria Johansson, Gerd Carling & Arthur Holmer, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2013, 1, p. 225-241Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2013 Edition: 1
National Category
Languages and Literature Learning Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-75290 (URN)9789144083391 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-06-07 Created: 2018-06-07 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Roll, M., Mårtensson, F., Horne, M., Sikström, S. & Apt, P. (2012). Atypical associations to abstract words in Broca's aphasia. Cortex, 48(8), 1068-1072
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Atypical associations to abstract words in Broca's aphasia
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2012 (English)In: Cortex, ISSN 0010-9452, E-ISSN 1973-8102, Vol. 48, no 8, p. 1068-1072Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction

Left frontal brain lesions are known to give rise to aphasia and impaired word associations. These associations have previously been difficult to analyze. We used a semantic space method to investigate associations to cue words. The degree of abstractness of the generated words and semantic similarity to the cue words were measured.

Method

Three subjects diagnosed with Broca’s aphasia and twelve control subjects associated freely to cue words. Results were evaluated with latent semantic analysis (LSA) applied to the Swedish Parole corpus.

Results

The aphasic subjects could be clearly distinguished from controls by a lower degree of abstractness in the words they generated. The aphasic group’s associations showed a negative correlation between semantic similarity to cue word and abstractness of cue word.

Conclusions

By developing novel semantic measures, we showed that Broca’s aphasic subjects’ word production was characterized by a low degree of abstractness and low degree of coherence in associations to abstract cue words. The results support models where meanings of concrete words are represented in neural networks involving perceptual and motor areas, whereas the meaning of abstract words is more dependent on connections to other word forms in the left frontal region. Semantic spaces can be used in future developments of evaluative tools for both diagnosis and research purposes.

National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject
Humanities, Linguistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-78151 (URN)10.1016/j.cortex.2011.11.009 (DOI)2-s2.0-84863778238 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-01-17 Created: 2019-01-17 Last updated: 2019-08-29Bibliographically approved
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