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Bäckström, Per, professorORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-2400-4124
Publications (10 of 52) Show all publications
Bäckström, P. (2019). Fahlström stannade i Stockholm: ”HÄTILA RAGULPR PÅ FÅTSKLIABEN” och diktarkonferensen i Sigtuna 1953. Edda. Nordisk tidsskrift for litteraturforskning, 106(1), 39-53
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Fahlström stannade i Stockholm: ”HÄTILA RAGULPR PÅ FÅTSKLIABEN” och diktarkonferensen i Sigtuna 1953
2019 (Swedish)In: Edda. Nordisk tidsskrift for litteraturforskning, ISSN 0013-0818, E-ISSN 1500-1989, Vol. 106, no 1, p. 39-53Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [sv]

Öyvind Fahlströms berömda manifest för konkret poesi «HÄTILA RAGULPR PÅ FÅTSKLIABEN» (1954) skrevs i en reaktion på diktarkonferensen i Sigtuna den 10–12 april 1953, som blev det incitament han behövde för att skriva om ett förmodligen redan påbörjat program till ett manifest. Det svenska litterära fältet existerade helt oberoende av den transnationella avantgardeströmning han promoverar i sin estetik och konferensen utgjorde därför enbart accidens för manifestets tillkomst. En diskussion av del ett med dess förlöjligande av den bidrar därmed inte med någon kunskap om manifestets essens: dess program. Med en bättre förståelse av relationen mellan Sigtunakonferensen och Fahlströms manifest skapas en mer rättvisande bild av femtiotalet, samtidigt som man i framtida forskning kan fokusera manifestets tonvikt på processualitet och performativitet.

Abstract [en]

Öyvind Fahlström’s famous manifesto for concrete poetry «HÄTILA RAGULPR PÅ FÅTSKLIABEN» (1954) was written as a reaction to the authors conference in Sigtuna 10–12 April 1953, which was the incentive he needed to rewrite a program that had probably already been started into a manifesto. However, Fahlström’s own interests must be subsumed under a transnational avant-garde aesthetics. The Swedish literary field existed in parallel to the international avant-garde movements that he promoted and that in principle occurred independently of the Swedish field. The conference was therefore only an accidence for the advent of the manifesto, and a discussion of part one with its ridicule will contribute no knowledge about its essence: his program. With a better understanding of the relation between the Sigtuna conference and Fahlström’s manifesto, a more accurate view of the Swedish 1950s can be established, at the same time as future research can focus the essence of the manifesto: its processuality and performativity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oslo: Universitetsforlaget, 2019
Keywords
Öyvind Fahlström, Sigtuna Foundation, manifesto, concrete poetry, neo-avant-garde, the Fifties, Öyvind Fahlström, Sigtunastiftelsen, manifest, konkret poesi, neoavantgarde, femtiotal
National Category
General Literature Studies
Research subject
Comparative Literature
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-89586 (URN)10.18261/issn.1500-1989-2019-01-04 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-10-15 Created: 2019-10-15 Last updated: 2019-10-23Bibliographically approved
Bäckström, P. (2019). ”Ég vil ekki stelpu eins og þig”: Abjektionstemat i den nordiska punkrockens kärlekslyrik. In: Hadle Oftedal Andersen, Claus K. Madsen (Ed.), Nye posisjoner i poplyrikken: Modernisme i nordisk lyrikk 11 (pp. 67-88). Bergen: Alvheim og Eide akademisk forlag
Open this publication in new window or tab >>”Ég vil ekki stelpu eins og þig”: Abjektionstemat i den nordiska punkrockens kärlekslyrik
2019 (Swedish)In: Nye posisjoner i poplyrikken: Modernisme i nordisk lyrikk 11 / [ed] Hadle Oftedal Andersen, Claus K. Madsen, Bergen: Alvheim og Eide akademisk forlag, 2019, p. 67-88Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Bergen: Alvheim og Eide akademisk forlag, 2019
Keywords
Abjektion, punkrock, Pelle Miljoona, Utangarðsmenn, Stockholms negrer
National Category
General Literature Studies
Research subject
Humanities, Comparative literature
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-89116 (URN)978-82-93690-02-3 (ISBN)
Note

Ej belagd 191025

Available from: 2019-09-13 Created: 2019-09-13 Last updated: 2019-10-25Bibliographically approved
Bäckström, P. (2017). ”Jag vill inte ha en tjej som du”: Kärlekslyrik i nordisk punk. In: Poplyrik, Den nordiske poesis nærvær i hverdagen: Åbo, 28-29 september 2017. Paper presented at Poplyrik. Den nordiske poesis nærvær i hverdagen, Åbo, 28-29 september 2017.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>”Jag vill inte ha en tjej som du”: Kärlekslyrik i nordisk punk
2017 (Swedish)In: Poplyrik, Den nordiske poesis nærvær i hverdagen: Åbo, 28-29 september 2017, 2017Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
Keywords
Punk, rock, Pelle Miljoona, Utangardsmen, Stockholms negrer
National Category
General Literature Studies
Research subject
Comparative Literature
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-89593 (URN)
Conference
Poplyrik. Den nordiske poesis nærvær i hverdagen, Åbo, 28-29 september 2017
Note

Ej belagd 191125

Available from: 2019-10-15 Created: 2019-10-15 Last updated: 2019-11-25Bibliographically approved
Bäckström, P. (2017). Kisses Sweeter than Wine. Öyvind Fahlström and Billy Klüver: The Swedish Neo-Avant-Garde in New York. Artl@s Bulletin, 6(2), 139-152, Article ID 9.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kisses Sweeter than Wine. Öyvind Fahlström and Billy Klüver: The Swedish Neo-Avant-Garde in New York
2017 (English)In: Artl@s Bulletin, ISSN 2264-2668, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 139-152, article id 9Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Swedish artist Öyvind Fahlström moved to New York in 1961, where he meet the Swedish engineer Billy Klüver, and became part of the international neo-avant-garde movement. Fahlström’s performance, New York 1966, part of Klüver’s performance series 9 Evenings, is my point of departure for an analysis of the role of migration for the neo-avant-gardes in the 1960s. As intermediaries, Fahlström and Klüver brought new ideas both to New York and Stockholm, thus challenging the established view that American art was exported to the periphery. In reality, the New York art scene grew out of ideas and experiences arriving with immigrating artists, who in turn often exchanged ideas developed in the New York melting pot with actors in their original artistic and cultural contexts.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Paris: École normale supérieure & Centre national pour la recherche scientifique, 2017
Keywords
Avant-garde, performance, 9 evenings, Öyvind Fahlström, Billy Klüver
National Category
Specific Literatures
Research subject
Comparative Literature
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-89595 (URN)
Available from: 2019-10-15 Created: 2019-10-15 Last updated: 2019-10-23Bibliographically approved
Bäckström, P. (2017). Mediatized Authenticity: Öyvind Fahlström’s performance "Kisses Sweater than Wine" (1966). In: Authentic Artifice : 3rd International Conference, International Society for Intermedial Studies. Université de Montréal, May 18-20/22 2017: Program. Paper presented at 3rd International Conference, International Society for Intermedial Studies. Université de Montréal, May 18-20/22 2017 (pp. 19-20). Montréal: Université de Montréal
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mediatized Authenticity: Öyvind Fahlström’s performance "Kisses Sweater than Wine" (1966)
2017 (English)In: Authentic Artifice : 3rd International Conference, International Society for Intermedial Studies. Université de Montréal, May 18-20/22 2017: Program, Montréal: Université de Montréal , 2017, p. 19-20Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Performance art is solidly rooted in the “Hier und Jetzt” asserted by Walter Benjamin as the only remaining con-dition for the Aura. But, as Philip Auslander observes, every performance is always already mediatized in one way or an-other, and still we experience its authenticity. In my paper, I will argue that mediatization seems to be a (necessary) condition for authenticity, in a discussion of the Swedish artist Öyvind Fahlström’s (1928–76) performance Kisses Sweeter than Wine(1966). In 1953, Fahlström wrote the world’s first manifesto for concrete poetry, inspired by Pierre Schaeffer’s musique concrète. In the mid 1950s he turned to the visual arts,and later he wrote radio plays, directed movies and arranged per-formances and happenings. He moved to New York in 1961 and joined the international neo-avant-gardes there. In his use of new technology and different broadcasting media, Fahlström was a forerunner for media art, and the intermedial intricacy can be fully understood and discussed only in our own infor-mation age. His, and other similar, experiments in the 1960s are important links in the genealogy of today’s networked, global, and multiscreen world, since they constitute early con-fluences of cybernetics, art, and media. This is best seen in his performance, which was part of 9 Evenings. Theatre and Engi-neeringarranged by Experiments in Art and Technology (E.A.T.) at the 69th Regiment Armory in New York in 1966. He mixed performance on stage with a plethora of mediatized events, but still his art retained its essential authenticity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Montréal: Université de Montréal, 2017
Keywords
intermediality, avant-garde, Öyvind Fahlström
National Category
Specific Literatures Performing Arts
Research subject
Comparative Literature
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-89597 (URN)
Conference
3rd International Conference, International Society for Intermedial Studies. Université de Montréal, May 18-20/22 2017
Available from: 2019-10-15 Created: 2019-10-15 Last updated: 2019-11-25Bibliographically approved
Bäckström, P. (2017). “The Trumpet in the Bottom” : Öyvind Fahlström and the Uncanny: “Trumpeten i stjärten” : Öyvind Fahlström och det kusliga. Edda. Nordisk tidsskrift for litteraturforskning, 104(2), 176-198
Open this publication in new window or tab >>“The Trumpet in the Bottom” : Öyvind Fahlström and the Uncanny: “Trumpeten i stjärten” : Öyvind Fahlström och det kusliga
2017 (English)In: Edda. Nordisk tidsskrift for litteraturforskning, ISSN 0013-0818, E-ISSN 1500-1989, Vol. 104, no 2, p. 176-198Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Öyvind Fahlström (1928–76) began as a surrealist at the end of the 1940s, and among others wrote the unpublished poetry collection “The Trumpet in the Bottom”. In 1953, he wrote the world’s first manifesto for concrete poetry, inspired by Pierre Schaeffer’s musique concrète, and soon became a driving force in the Swedish and international neo-avantgarde. In the mid-1950s he turned to the visual arts, and later he also wrote radio plays, directed movies and arranged performances and happenings. He showed an extraordinary sensibility for the uncanny in his selection of “life material” for his art, thus uncovering the return of the repressed in everyday life and popular culture, in the form of scatology, pornography, the monstrous, the body, the materiality of the artwork and media, and so on. In his art, this uncanny life material was turned into political statements. In my article the discussion is exemplified from different genres of Fahlström’s œuvre, from his early texts and radio plays, to his visual art.

Abstract [sv]

Öyvind Fahlström (1928–76) började som surrealist i slutet av fyrtiotalet, och skrev bl.a. den opublicerade diktsamlingen “Trumpeten i stjärten”. 1953 skrev han världens första manifest för konkret poesi, inspirerad av Pierre Schaeffers musique concrète, och blev snart en drivkraft i det svenska och internationella neoavantgardet. I mitten av femtiotalet övergick han till bildkonst, och senare skrev han också radiokompositioner, regisse- ÅRGANG 117, NR. 2-2017, S. 176–198 ISSN ONLINE: 1500-1989 EDDA | ÅRGANG 117 | NR. 2-2017 177 This article is downloaded from www.idunn.no. © 2017 Author(s). This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons CC-BY-NC 4.0 License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/). rade filmer och arrangerade performance och happenings. Han uppvisade en extraordinär känslighet för det kusliga i sitt urval av “livsmaterial” till sin konst, på så sätt blottläggande “the return of the repressed” i vardagslivet och i populärkulturen, så som skatologi, pornografi, det monströsa, kroppen, konstens materialitet och media etc. I hans konst vänds dessa kusliga inslag till politiska uttalanden. I min artikel exemplifieras diskussionen från olika genrer i Fahlströms œuvre, från hans tidiga texter och radiokompositioner, till hans bildkonst.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oslo: Universitetsforlaget, 2017
Keywords
Öyvind Fahlström, The Uncanny, Avant-Garde, Concrete Poetry, Surrealism, Öyvind Fahlström, det kusliga, avantgarde, konkret poesi, surrealism
National Category
General Literature Studies
Research subject
Comparative Literature
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-89616 (URN)10.18261/ISSN.1500-1989-2017-02-07 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-10-15 Created: 2019-10-15 Last updated: 2019-10-24Bibliographically approved
Bäckström, P. (2015). Emot!: Henri Michaux och den groteska kunskapen. In: Henri Michaux (Ed.), Vinkelben: (pp. 77-88). Nordingrå: Ordström
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Emot!: Henri Michaux och den groteska kunskapen
2015 (Swedish)In: Vinkelben / [ed] Henri Michaux, Nordingrå: Ordström , 2015, p. 77-88Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Nordingrå: Ordström, 2015
Keywords
Henri Michaux, det groteska, aforism
National Category
General Literature Studies
Research subject
Comparative Literature
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-89584 (URN)9789186198428 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-10-15 Created: 2019-10-15 Last updated: 2019-11-01Bibliographically approved
Bäckström, P. (2015). From book to performance and back: Öyvind Fahlström’s "The Large and the Small" and "The holy Torsten Nilsson". In: NORLIT 2015, The book to come, University of Gothenburg, August 20-22, 2015: Abstracts. Paper presented at NORLIT 2015, The book to come, University of Gothenburg, August 20-22, 2015 (pp. 21-21). University of Gothenburg
Open this publication in new window or tab >>From book to performance and back: Öyvind Fahlström’s "The Large and the Small" and "The holy Torsten Nilsson"
2015 (English)In: NORLIT 2015, The book to come, University of Gothenburg, August 20-22, 2015: Abstracts, University of Gothenburg, 2015, p. 21-21Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In 1953 the Swedish concrete poet and internationally renowned avant-gardeartist Öyvind Fahlström (1928–76) wrote the worlds probably first manifesto forconcrete poetry, inspired by the historical avant-garde and the neo-avant-gardethat at the same time was on its rise, but also by Pierre Schaeffer’s musiqueconcrète. The poetical techniques proposed in his manifesto laid the ground forFahlström’s later production in different arts, from concrete poetry to radioplays. His first radio composition Fåglar i Sverige (1963, Birds in Sweden)triggered a whole new genre, the international movement of text-sound-poetry(a.k.a. sound-poetry, poésie sonore). The second radio play (or blind music, ashe called it) Den helige Torsten Nilsson (1966, The holy Torsten Nilsson), becamea small success despite its strange story, and was aired in five differentepisodes by the Swedish broadcasting company. This radio play was composedfrom what Fahlström termed ”life material”, i.e. recorded (with a microphone andcheap tape recorder) sound from the constant media flow in his apartment inNew York, with himself performing the voiceover telling the story. Theremediated material was mainly taken from popular culture, as for examplehorror movies, but also real life filtered through TV and radio. His method wasinspired by Schaeffer’s musique concrète and William Burroughs’ cut-ups, towhich he added game strategies. The result was a highly original media-mix,where he performed an international spy history interwoven with sounds fromcontemporary media and life, a mix that at the same time reflected his politicalurge and interest for world politics.I will discuss role of the book for performance art in the 60s, where the printedtext was only one of the components in a larger intermedial cluster. I willexemplify my discussion with Öyvind Fahlström’s concrete poem “Det stora ochdet lilla” (The large and the small), which became the musical score for aperformed text-sound composition, and his radio play Den helige TorstenNilsson (1966) where the book was fabricated afterwards, to illustrate the‘fluidity’ of the book in the 60s.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
University of Gothenburg, 2015
National Category
Specific Literatures
Research subject
Humanities, Comparative literature
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-89588 (URN)
Conference
NORLIT 2015, The book to come, University of Gothenburg, August 20-22, 2015
Available from: 2019-10-15 Created: 2019-10-15 Last updated: 2019-11-01Bibliographically approved
Bäckström, P. (2015). Play, Performance and Media Flow in Öyvind Fahlström’s Radio Play "The holy Torsten Nilsson". In: Play / Perform / Participate. The 2015 international conference of the International Society of Intermedial Studies (ISIS). April 16, 2015 - April 18, 2015: Conference Guide. Paper presented at Play / Perform / Participate. The 2015 international conference of the International Society of Intermedial Studies (ISIS). April 16, 2015 - April 18, 2015 (pp. 101-102). Utrecht University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Play, Performance and Media Flow in Öyvind Fahlström’s Radio Play "The holy Torsten Nilsson"
2015 (English)In: Play / Perform / Participate. The 2015 international conference of the International Society of Intermedial Studies (ISIS). April 16, 2015 - April 18, 2015: Conference Guide, Utrecht University , 2015, p. 101-102Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In 1953 the Swedish concrete poet and internationally renowned avant-garde artist Öyvind Fahlström (1928–76) wrote the worlds probably first manifesto for concrete poetry, inspired by the historical avant-garde and the neo-avant-garde that at the same time was on its rise, but also by Pierre Schaeffer’s musique concrète. The poetical techniques proposed in his manifesto laid the ground for Fahlström’s later production in different arts, from concrete poetry to radio plays. His first radio composition Fåglar i Sverige (1963, Birds in Sweden) triggered a whole new genre, the international movement of text-sound-poetry (a.k.a. sound-poetry, poésie sonore). The second radio play (or blind music, as he called it) Den helige Torsten Nilsson (1966, The holy Torsten Nilsson), became a small success despite its strange story, and was aired in five different episodes by the Swedish broadcasting company. This radio play was composed from what Fahlström termed “life material,” i.e. recorded (with a microphone and cheap tape recorder) sound from the constant media flow in his apartment in New York, with himself performing the voiceover, telling the story. The remediated material was mainly taken from popular culture, for example horror movies, but also real life, filtered through TV and radio. His method was inspired by Schaeffer’s musique concrète and William Burroughs’ cut-ups, to which he added his play strategies. The result was a highly original media-mix, where he performed an international spy history interwoven with sounds from contemporary media and life, a mix that at the same time reflected his political urge and interest for world politics. In his use of new technology and different broadcasting media, Fahlström was a forerunner for media art, and the intermedial intricacy of his art can be fully understood and discussed only after the birth of Internet in our own information and media age.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Utrecht University, 2015
National Category
Musicology Specific Literatures
Research subject
Humanities, Musicology; Humanities, Comparative literature
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-89605 (URN)
Conference
Play / Perform / Participate. The 2015 international conference of the International Society of Intermedial Studies (ISIS). April 16, 2015 - April 18, 2015
Available from: 2019-10-15 Created: 2019-10-15 Last updated: 2019-11-25Bibliographically approved
Bäckström, P. (2015). The Inoperativeness of Art: Öyvind Fahlström’s Concrete Poetry. In: : . Paper presented at Experiments in Contemporary Poetry, Centre for Research in Contemporary Poetry (CERCOP), Aalborg 3–5 dec 2015.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Inoperativeness of Art: Öyvind Fahlström’s Concrete Poetry
2015 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
National Category
Humanities and the Arts
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-89613 (URN)
Conference
Experiments in Contemporary Poetry, Centre for Research in Contemporary Poetry (CERCOP), Aalborg 3–5 dec 2015
Available from: 2019-10-15 Created: 2019-10-15 Last updated: 2019-10-15
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-2400-4124

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