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Economic optimization of landfill mining
Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för biologi och miljö (BOM).ORCID-id: 0000-0003-2709-7052
Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för biologi och miljö (BOM).ORCID-id: 0000-0002-1903-760X
2014 (engelsk)Inngår i: The Journal of Solid Waste Technology and Management, ISSN 1088-1697, Vol. 40, nr 4, s. 389-398Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper describes a method of optimizing the production economy when excavating an old landfill in order to both minimize its environmental impact and obtain a profit. The analysis employs the equality principle and the 'Efficient Use of Resources for Optimal Production Economy' (EUROPE) model introduced by the first-named author for assigning industrial costs to waste. When using this model, waste has the same economic status as any normal industrial product in line with the inherent meaning of the equality principle. Application of the method to landfill mining then creates novel economic incentives for the improvement of the environment and profitability and the technology used when exploiting older landfills. An introduced key factor enables management to immediately obtain an overall comprehension of the economic, technological and environmental performance of their landfill that continuously can be monitored and evaluated. The results of a Norwegian example imply that impure, and hence unwanted, waste fractions have a certain negative impact on the outcome. This is because of the related internal shadow prices for unwanted wastes and wastes of commercial interest created through use of the equality principle. It is beneficial when landfill mining companies act in accordance with the equality principle to promote sustainable development.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2014. Vol. 40, nr 4, s. 389-398
Emneord [en]
Landfill mining, The equality principle, The EUROPE model
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Naturvetenskap, Miljövetenskap
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-58735DOI: 10.5276/JSWTM.2014.389Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84922369168OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-58735DiVA, id: diva2:1052980
Tilgjengelig fra: 2016-12-07 Laget: 2016-12-06 Sist oppdatert: 2017-11-29bibliografisk kontrollert

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