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Substance flow analysis and source mapping of chemical UV-filters
Technical University of Denmark, Denmark.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-5472-8553
Technical University of Denmark, Denmark.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-7013-9193
Technical University of Denmark, Denmark.
2008 (engelsk)Inngår i: Water, Air & Soil Pollution: Focus, ISSN 1567-7230, Vol. 8, nr 5-6, s. 473-484Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Chemical ultraviolet (UV)-filters are used in sunscreens to protect the skin from harmful UV radiation which may otherwise cause sunburns and skin cancer. Commonly used chemical UV-filters are known to cause endocrine disrupting effects in both aquatic and terrestrial animals as well as in human skin cells. Here, source mapping and substance flow analysis were applied to find the sources of six UV-filters (oxybenzone, avobenzone, 4-methylbenzylidene camphor, octyl methoxycinnamate, octyl dimethyl PABA and homosalate) and to identify the most dominant flows of these substances in Denmark. Urban water, composed of wastewater and surface waters, was found to be the primary recipient of UV-filters, whereby wastewater received an estimated 8.5–65 tonnes and surface waters received 7.1–51 tonnes in 2005. In wastewater treatment plants, their sorption onto sludge is perceived to be an important process and presence in effluents can be expected due to a lack of biodegradability. In addition, the use of UV-filters is expected to continue to increase significantly. Not all filters (e.g., octyl dimethyl PABA and homosalate) are used in Denmark. For example, 4-MBC is mainly associated with self-tanning liquids and private import of sunscreens.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2008. Vol. 8, nr 5-6, s. 473-484
Emneord [en]
Bookkeeping, Personal care products, Source identification, Sunscreens, Use pattern, UV-filters
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Naturvetenskap, Miljövetenskap
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-66745DOI: 10.1007/s11267-008-9184-8OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-66745DiVA, id: diva2:1119992
Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-07-05 Laget: 2017-07-05 Sist oppdatert: 2017-11-27bibliografisk kontrollert

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