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Neighborhood signaling effects, commuting time, and employment: evidence from a field experiment
Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS). (Linnaeus University Centre for Discrimination and Integration Studies)ORCID-id: 0000-0002-5620-4745
Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).ORCID-id: 0000-0002-2905-6281
(Linnaeus University Centre for Discrimination and Integration Studies)
2018 (engelsk)Inngår i: International journal of manpower, ISSN 0143-7720, E-ISSN 1758-6577, Vol. 39, nr 4, s. 534-549Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose

We investigate whether there is unequal treatment in hiring depending on whether a job applicant signals living in a bad (deprived) neighborhood or in a good (affluent) neighborhood.

Design/methodology/approach

We conducted a field experiment where fictitious job applications were sent to employers with an advertised vacancy. Each job application was randomly assigned a residential address in either a bad or a good neighborhood. The measured outcome is the fraction of invitations for a job interview (the callback rate).

Findings

We find no evidence of general neighborhood signaling effects. However, job applicants with a foreign background have callback rates that are 42 percent lower if they signal living in a bad neighborhood rather than in a good neighborhood. In addition, we find that applicants with commuting times longer than 90 minutes have lower callback rates, and this is unrelated to the neighborhood signaling effect.

Originality/value

Empirical evidence of causal neighborhood effects on labor market outcomes is scant, and causal evidence on the mechanisms involved is even more scant. We provide such evidence.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2018. Vol. 39, nr 4, s. 534-549
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Forskningsprogram
Ekonomi, Nationalekonomi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-69178DOI: 10.1108/IJM-09-2017-0234ISI: 000438870200003Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85049943130OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-69178DiVA, id: diva2:1164689
Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-12-11 Laget: 2017-12-11 Sist oppdatert: 2019-08-29bibliografisk kontrollert

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