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Acoustic properties of modified wood under different humid conditions and their relevance for musical instruments
Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för skog och träteknik (SOT). (GoFP;Forest Products)ORCID-id: 0000-0002-6390-7377
Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för skog och träteknik (SOT). (GoFP;Forest Products)ORCID-id: 0000-0002-6909-2025
2018 (engelsk)Inngår i: Applied Acoustics, ISSN 0003-682X, Vol. 140, s. 92-99Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

In musical instrument making, there is a strong need to find alternatives to the traditional endangered and expensive tropical wood species used today. The present study examined whether different commercial and experimental modified wood materials have the necessary acoustic qualities under different humid conditions (dry, standard and wet) to contribute to the use of raw materials for wooden musical instruments. The materials were thermally-modified wood (ash, aspen and birch), acetylated wood (beech, maple and radiata pine), melamine- and phenol formaldehyde-treated beech and furfurylated Scots pine (Kebony Scots pine). Investigations involved physical (density ρ, Equilibrium moisture content EMC, volumetric shrinkage) and dynamic elastic testing by a free-free flexural vibration method to determine various acoustic characteristics: specific dynamic modulus (MOEdyn/ρ), damping coefficient (tanδ), speed of sound (c), specific acoustic impedance (z), sound radiation coefficient (R) and acoustic conversion efficiency (ACE). The modified materials and especially acetylated wood showed low EMC values and high dimensional stability at each humidity level, which are considered important factors for making quality musical instruments. Based on the obtained value ranges of all acoustical properties, the different modified wood materials could find uses in musical instruments where specific characteristics of sound are required. Furthermore, most of the modified materials showed an excellent acoustic performance in the three humid conditions based on a high ACE and low tanδ. Furfurylated Scots pine and phenol formaldehyde-treated beech showed an inferior acoustic quality with the lowest ACE and the highest tanδ, which is a less favourable combination for most of the musical instruments.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Elsevier, 2018. Vol. 140, s. 92-99
Emneord [en]
Wood modification; Dimensional stability; Free-free flexural vibration; Dynamic elastic modulus; Damping; Sound velocity; Sound radiation; Acoustic impedance; Acoustic conversion efficiency
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Fysik, Vågor och signaler
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-74511DOI: 10.1016/j.apacoust.2018.05.017ISI: 000440121900010Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85047306125OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-74511DiVA, id: diva2:1209751
Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-05-24 Laget: 2018-05-24 Sist oppdatert: 2019-08-29bibliografisk kontrollert

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