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Town Planning after the 1934 Bihar-Nepal Earthquake: Earthquake-safety, colonial improvements and the restructuring of urban space in Bihar
Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för kulturvetenskaper (KV). (Huseby in the World)ORCID-id: 0000-0001-5938-0966
2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: Studies in Nepali History and Society, ISSN 1025-5109, Vol. 22, nr 2, s. 321-354Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

This article addresses urban reconstruction in Bihar after the 1934 Bihar-Nepal earthquake by arguing that the aftermath became an opportunity for the local government to implement town planning according to ideas of urban improvements guiding sanitation, engineering and control of spaces since the late nineteenth century in colonial India. While earthquake safety surfaced as a central aim of town planning, the local government used the reconstruction phase to improve sanitation facilities, widen roads and restructure plots in bazaars of the three worst affected towns—Monghyr, Darbhanga and Muzaffarpur. Arguably, sanitation engineering with more spaced and simpler structures in effect meant buildings less likely to kill people in future earthquakes. Congestion and overpopulation were blamed for the many deaths in the bazaars but the same factors were also seen as the major cause of “insanitary” conditions according to town planners and the government officials incharge of the planning process. Wider roads and lanes, and more sparsely populated areas and lower houses were measures likely to prevent deaths on the same scale in case an earthquake visited again.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Kathmandu, Nepal: Mandala Book Point , 2017. Vol. 22, nr 2, s. 321-354
Emneord [en]
Historical disaster research, Global history, South Asian history, Earthquake, Earthquake engineering, Disaster reconstruction, Town planning, Postcolonial studies, Bihar, India, Nepal
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Humaniora, Historia
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-75307OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-75307DiVA, id: diva2:1214876
Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-06-07 Laget: 2018-06-07 Sist oppdatert: 2019-09-10bibliografisk kontrollert

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